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Amsterdam
Amsterdam, located in Noord-Holland of Netherlands, has many distinctive local characteristics, yet not an abundance of native plants. Keep your eyes open when you walk through the streets, gardens, and parks of Amsterdam for a closer look of just what’s growing there.

There are over 2,040 fruit plants in Amsterdam, including Hairy willowherb, Stinging nettle, and Common reed. Although not all fruit varieties are available for human consumption, even ornamental varieties can vastly improve a city’s quality of life and provide a vital source of food for wildlife.

There are countless flowers blooming in Amsterdam, decorating every corner of the city.

Spring is the time of growth and renewal of new life. Most of the flowering plants bloom during this season, with Stinging nettle, Creeping buttercup, and Water manna grass being the most common species of flowers in the city this time of year.

In the summer heat, Creeping bent, Stinging nettle, and Common reed continue to provide a delightful sight for the people of Amsterdam under the hot sun. In return, people in Amsterdam reward these plants by taking good care of them.

In fall, crops are harvested, and beautiful leaves change color for the last time. Common reed, Water smartweed, and Common velvet grass also have their most notable moments at this time of year. Fall flowers like these provide late-season nectar for pollinators such as bees, butterflies, and even hummingbirds before they begin to migrate or overwinter, while fall-flowering shrubs add a delightful accent to Amsterdam.

Chill in the air, winter is coming. But that doesn't mean the end of flower season entirely. There are plenty of flowers like Hairy willowherb, Southern marsh orchid, and Common hazel that bloom in winter in Amsterdam.

In addition, we have found 289 plants that are toxic to humans, such as Stinging nettle, Ground ivy, and Creeping buttercup in Amsterdam. Toxic plants can harm people through ingestion or exposure. Therefore, you should always be careful when encountering these types of plants.
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Toxic Plants
Weeds
Creeping bent
Creeping bent
Reed mannagrass
Common velvet grass
City Plants & Trees
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