Originally found growing wild throughout central Asia, Rosa gallica was first cultivated by the Greeks and Romans and was especially popular in medieval gardens. Most modern hybrid roses can trace their ancestry to the old roses bred at Malmaison by Empress Josephine in the late 1700s. French roses are also referred to as apothecary’s rose, crimson damask rose, or Rosa mundi.
Often called the “Queen of Flowers,” roses are a timeless symbol of love and beauty, and are prized for their fragrance. Historically, roses have been associated with nobility and appear as emblems of distinction — such as the Tudor Rose, the emblem of England.