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Basic Care
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How to Care for Tree Aeonium

Tree aeonium (Aeonium arboreum) is a succulent subshrub species endemic to the Canary Islands. Tree aeonium is often grown as an ornamental plant in gardens. Because it is subtropical, this species has to be grown under greenhouse conditions in other climates. Tree aeonium is also known as the tree houseleek and the Irish rose. It grows naturally in shade and on weathered, volcanic soils.
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Elegance, versatility
Water
Water
Every 3 weeks
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
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Tree aeonium
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Tree aeonium
Tree aeonium
Tree aeonium
care_basic_guide

Basic Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterDetail

How to Water Tree aeonium?

For many novices, the most difficult problem is how much to water. Tree aeonium doesn't need much water. Don't water to a schedule; instead, pay attention to the state of the plant and the weather conditions. Learn to water a succulent plant correctly from the following five tips.
A. Weather. In hot weather or low temperatures, succulent plants become dormant. Reduce watering, usually once every 1-2 weeks. Since the growth of the plant is stagnates when dormant, its absorption of water and nutrients is quite slow. At the same time, keep the environment dry and ventilated. Frequent watering can cause succulent plants to die due to black rot.
B. Time. In summer, water in the evening to avoid the noon sun, because high heat makes the newly watered soil stuffy, which makes the root system prone to black rot. Timing does not matter in other seasons.
C. State of the succulent. Succulent plants show obvious symptoms when they need water. For example, healthy leaves of Astridia velutina or Lithops sp. wrinkle and even curl up when they are short of water. For some succulent varieties, such as Monilaria obconica and Phyllobolus resurgens, leaves droop and slouch when they are thirsty. That's the signal of water shortage sent by the succulent plant.
D. Soil. You can also determine whether to water by observing the moisture of the soil. For potted succulent plants, you can weigh the pot in your hand to judge the amount of water left in the soil, because the weight of the soil is quite different when there's sufficient or insufficient water. In addition, if there's a gap between the outer edge of the soil and the inner edge of the pot, or the soil surface cracks, that is also a sign of water shortage.
E. Pot. Pots with good air permeability lose water faster, so the frequency can be higher. For porcelain pots or pot without drainage holes, watering frequency should be lower.
Cultivation:WaterDetail
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What is the best way to water my Tree aeonium?
The proper way to water Tree aeonium requires some timing. For example, you should wait until the spring, when the new leaves are beginning to grow, before considering adding water to this plant’s pot. Once that season arrives, you can add water when the soil inside the pot has become entirely dry. When watering, you can use either tap water or distilled water. It's best not to water this plant from overhead. Instead, you should water at the base of the plant by applying the water slowly and evenly across the entire surface of the soil. This method will allow you to moisten all parts of the soil consistently without dampening the above-ground portions of the plant, which your Tree aeonium will appreciate. Typically, you can continue adding water until you notice a light stream of excess water draining from the pot’s hole.
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What should I do if I water my Tree aeonium too much or too little?
An overwatered Tree aeonium is a far more common occurrence than one that is underwatered. Overwatering is also incredibly detrimental to your plant's health as it can cause one Tree aeonium to die quite quickly. One way to avoid overwatering is to allow the soil to dry entirely before adding water, as mentioned previously. Especially when it turns into dormancy, lots of people will just water it in the wrong way. As such, we’ll focus on how to remedy the problem of overwatering. When your Tree aeonium shows signs of overwatering, it is often best to remove it from its current pot. After removal, you should access the roots of this plant and remove any that show signs of rot or some other moisture-related disease. While some roots should be removed, others will return to full health after a simple cleaning. After this stage, you should repot your Tree aeonium in soil that has excellent drainage capabilities to lessen the odds of future overwatering.
While unlikely, underwatering can take place too. If that occurs for you, all you need to do is supply your plant with water on a slightly more frequent basis, ensuring that you don't overcorrect the issue and end up overwatering your plant.
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How often should I water my Tree aeonium?
As a succulent plant, the water needs of Tree aeonium are quite low compared to most other plants because this plant hails from a region that is constantly hot and dry.
To give this plant species proper care, you should allow its soil to dry out completely between waterings.
Typically, it will take anywhere from two weeks to a month for the soil to dry entirely, at which time you can add water. Watering frequency tends to be very seasonally related. During the spring to summer period, it will be in a growing state and it may take 2-3 weeks for the soil to dry completely, you can follow this watering frequency. During the summer time, the soil may dry out faster. However, when the temperature falls below 60 degrees or rises above 85 degrees Fahrenheit, most of them will be dormant or semi-dormant, which means that the plant does not need more watering at the moment. Instead, you should reduce or even stop watering to keep the soil dry until the temperature is appropriate again for Tree aeonium to grow, and then restart watering.
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How much water does my Tree aeonium need?
Overall, Tree aeonium does not need a high volume of water. This is mainly due to the fact that this plant must go for a while without receiving water. However, when the time to water this plant does arrive, you should be ready to give it a lot of water. While there is no set amount of water to give this plant, you should not stop watering until the soil is completely moist. The best way to ensure this is the case, provided you grow this plant in a pot, is to water it until you see water trickling through the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot. You can also insert a pencil or some similar object deep into the soil to test if you have watered enough. If you remove the pencil and it is moist, then you have provided enough water.
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Tree aeonium enough?
Generally, overwatering is a far more significant issue than underwatering is. When overwatering occurs, you should notice right away as the leaves will begin to lose their form, become mushy, and change colors. This will be a stark contrast to a healthy set of living stone leaves, which should be relatively sturdy and hold their shape. Underwatering is incredibly rare for Tree aeonium, as this species can often survive with no water at all. However, if underwatering does occur, you will usually notice leaf discoloration and dryness.
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How should I water my Tree aeonium through the seasons?
As mentioned, Tree aeonium needs the most water during the times of year that it is actively growing. By contrast, in winter, when the plant is entirely dormant, you should reduce these already low watering needs. In fact, during winter, you should not water this plant at all. Once spring arrives, wait until your Tree aeoniums begin to develop new leaves. Once that occurs, you can return to your regular watering schedule. During the hottest parts of summer, your plant may enter another dormant growth phase, which means its water needs will be lower than normal. As summer ends and fall arrives, you can begin reducing your watering in anticipation of winter. By the time winter arrives, you should cease watering altogether.
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How should I water my Tree aeonium at different growth stages?
By and large, the water needs of Tree aeonium will remain consistent throughout each of its growth stages. Anyway, Tree aeonium prefers dry soil conditions more than moist ones, so watering less is safer for it than watering a lot. However, there are some phases in which your Tree aeonium may need slightly more water than usual. Despite being known for their foliage, Tree aeoniums can also provide flowers, but these flowers do not arrive until the plant is at least a few years old. Once flower development is possible, your Tree aeonium may need a minimal uptick in its watering schedule to accommodate flower development. Otherwise, you should not expect to change your watering frequency significantly based on this plant’s growth stages.
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What's the difference between watering Tree aeonium indoors and outdoors?
Growing Tree aeoniums outdoors is not an option for most gardeners in hardiness zones colder than zone 9, as this plant loves areas that have warm or hot weather year-round. Only in regions that do not have yearly temperatures that fall below 40 degrees Fahrenheit can this plant species survive. If you live in such an area, you should study the average rainfall in your area as well. If you live where it rains often, your Tree aeonium will likely die from overwatering. But if you live in a warm climate in which it rains occasionally, you may not need to water your Tree aeoniums at all.
Those who live in cooler areas of the world should have no issue growing this plant indoors. If that is the approach you take, you can wait until all of the soil in your plant's container has dried out while also following the rest of the general watering advice we've laid out in the sections above.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail

How to Fertilize Tree aeonium?

Most succulent plants are used to growing in the wild, where the environment is poor, so they do not need fertilization in their growth cycle. You can add a little slow-release fertilizer in early summer, but it's fine if you do not apply fertilizer at all. Don't fertilize during dormancy, because too many nutrients that it can't absorb may damages its growth.

Fertilizer

Often found growing in rock gardens and used in xeriscaping, Tree aeonium adds plenty of interest and texture to the area. It is a slow-growing plant, and this affects its care. Tree aeonium does not require a lot of nutrients to thrive. Knowing when and how to feed your specimen will help ensure you get years of enjoyment from your plant. Fertilizing Tree aeonium adds nutrients to the growing medium. Even though it does store water and nutrients, applying plant food during the growing season helps support healthy growth. Fertilizing can also encourage mature specimens to produce blooms in the growing season.
While all plants benefit from additional nutrients, Tree aeonium only needs a light dose of fertilizer during the growing season. The frequency of fertilization should be 1-2 times a year. It is suggested to fertilize your Tree aeonium in the spring and autumn, but not in winter&summer when it is dormant. Be careful with repotted plants, you will want to reduce the amount of fertilizer. It’s also a good idea to wait a couple of months after repotting before you start applying fertilizer. It’s best to use a liquid plant food formulated for succulents and cacti when you are fertilizing Tree aeonium. Dilute the fertilizer with water to half-strength. You do not want the fertilizer building up in the soil. Apply the fertilizer to the base of the plant and water thoroughly, ensuring any excess moisture drains from the container or seeps into the ground.
It is easier to use liquid plant food when you are fertilizing Tree aeonium, but granules are another option. Follow the directions on the packaging, making sure you dilute liquid fertilizers to half-strength. Whether you are using granules are liquid plant food, always apply it to the soil. Cover the granules with a thin layer of soil and water regardless of the type of plant food you are using.
Over-fertilizing Tree aeonium is a common problem with new and experienced gardeners. The plant has low nutritional needs and it’s easy to apply a little too much fertilizer. Over-fertilizing Tree aeonium can burn the plant’s sensitive roots resulting in its slow decay. Without its root system, the plant cannot absorb nutrients and moisture.
Like most plants, Tree aeonium has a dormancy period and it is when you want to stop the applications of fertilizer. In the summer and winter, the plant ceases growing, and it is when you want to stop applying fertilizer. It’s also a good idea to cease fertilizing for the first couple of months after repotting in the spring.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail
Why do I need to fertilize my Tree aeonium?
Fertilizing Tree aeonium adds nutrients to the growing medium. Even though it does store water and nutrients, applying plant food during the growing season helps support healthy growth. Fertilizing can also encourage mature specimens to produce blooms in the growing season.
Read More more
When is the best time to fertilize my Tree aeonium?
While all plants benefit from additional nutrients, Tree aeonium only needs a light dose of fertilizer during the growing season. The frequency of fertilization should be 1-2 times a year. It is suggested to fertilize your Tree aeonium in the spring and autumn, but not in winter&summer when it is dormant. Be careful with repotted plants, you will want to reduce the amount of fertilizer. It’s also a good idea to wait a couple of months after repotting before you start applying fertilizer.
Read More more
When should I avoid fertilizing my Tree aeonium?
Like most plants, Tree aeonium has a dormancy period and it is when you want to stop the applications of fertilizer. In the summer and winter, the plant ceases growing, and it is when you want to stop applying fertilizer. It’s also a good idea to cease fertilizing for the first couple of months after repotting in the spring.
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What type of fertilizer does my Tree aeonium need?
It’s best to use a liquid plant food formulated for succulents and cacti when you are fertilizing Tree aeonium. Dilute the fertilizer with water to half-strength. You do not want the fertilizer building up in the soil. Apply the fertilizer to the base of the plant and water thoroughly, ensuring any excess moisture drains from the container or seeps into the ground.
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How do I fertilize my Tree aeonium?
It is easier to use liquid plant food when you are fertilizing Tree aeonium, but granules are another option. Follow the directions on the packaging, making sure you dilute liquid fertilizers to half-strength. Whether you are using granules are liquid plant food, always apply it to the soil. Cover the granules with a thin layer of soil and water regardless of the type of plant food you are using.
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What happens if I fertilize my Tree aeonium too much?
Over-fertilizing Tree aeonium is a common problem with new and experienced gardeners. The plant has low nutritional needs and it’s easy to apply a little too much fertilizer. Over-fertilizing Tree aeonium can burn the plant’s sensitive roots resulting in its slow decay. Without its root system, the plant cannot absorb nutrients and moisture.
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Cultivation:SunlightDetail

What Are the Sunlight Requirements for Tree aeonium?

Generally speaking, tree aeonium needs bright, transparent, scattered light. Without enough sunlight over time, the plant becomes spindley, the tissue becomes brittle, and the color fades slowly. The plant's shape becomes loose, it turns green and yellow, and its resistance to disease decreases.
Strong summer sunlight may burn its leaves and stems. When exposed to the sun, it tends to grow slowly or not at all. Its leaves grow compactly and stems shorten, which results in a shorter plant. In some succulent plants, old leaves wither in summer and new leaves tend to be short and compact, showing a bare rod shape. In summer, set up a sunshade or move the potted plant indoors.
Cultivation:SunlightDetail
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How much sunlight does Tree aeonium need to grow?
Tree aeonium should get at least 6 hours of sun per day, and preferably more. An actual minimum number of hours can vary depending on the intensity of sunlight and other environmental factors, but it is unlikely that the Tree aeonium will get too much sunlight. They do fine with up to 14 hours of sun per day.
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What type of sunlight does Tree aeonium need?
Tree aeonium needs a lot of bright sunlight. As full-sun plants, they can thrive when given direct light or bright indirect sun. Some types may be able to survive with partial sun, but more sunlight is generally better.
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Should I protect Tree aeonium from sun exposure?
Tree aeonium usually grows in some of the hottest, sunniest places in the world and is well adapted to that kind of environment, so it does not need to be protected from the sun. However, you should be careful about making a sudden move into a very sunny location if your Tree aeonium is not used to it. Plants need time to adapt to different conditions, so start by moving this plant into the sun for a couple of hours at a time each day, then gradually lengthen the amount of sun exposure. Once adapted, most types of Tree aeonium will be fine in full sun and don't need protection.
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What will happen if Tree aeonium doesn't get enough sunlight?
Without enough sunlight, Tree aeonium will fail to thrive and grow. Common symptoms of inadequate sunlight include pale coloring, wilting leaves, and leaf drop. Tree aeonium may also exhibit etiolation (also called legginess). This condition occurs as the plant attempts to stretch toward the light source, leading to a sparse appearance and weak stems.
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What will happen if Tree aeonium gets too much sunlight?
Tree aeonium may develop shades of red, pink, or orange as a means of protection from excess sunlight, so many people like to cause mild sun stress to these plants during the summer. This is not harmful, and they will revert to their normal coloring when light levels decrease from autumn to spring.
If moved too quickly into direct sun, Tree aeonium can suffer from sunburn. This looks like white or brown spots on the uppermost leaves that have been exposed to the most sun. A sunburned plant should be moved to a shadier location and watered if needed. Sun-damaged leaves can be removed, and should be replaced by new growth over time.
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Does Tree aeonium need special care about sunlight during its different growth stages?
As with most plants, younger Tree aeonium will be more sensitive to strong sunlight and heat than a mature specimen. They should also be protected from direct sun immediately after being transplanted, either by a shade or by keeping the container in a shadier location until the plant is established and putting out new growth.
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Are there any cautions or tips for sunlight and Tree aeonium?
It is best to water Tree aeonium in the morning, particularly during the summer months. If water sits on the leaves or in the crown of the plant, it can burn the plant when the water heats up. It’s also best not to water in the evening, since cooler overnight temperatures slow evaporation and fungi or bacteria can develop in the moist conditions.
Tree aeonium grown in pots should be rotated occasionally to keep them growing symmetrically. Plants will normally grow toward the light source, so they can develop much more quickly on one side than the other if they are not rotated.
If Tree aeonium is allowed to get dusty, it will not be able to access sunlight to create energy. The dust acts as a barrier, so the plant may show signs of inadequate light even if it’s in a sunny location. Keep the leaves and stems clean by wiping them periodically with a damp cloth to avoid this issue.
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Cultivation:PruningDetail

How to Prune Tree aeonium?

In order to keep a beautiful shape, large succulent plants may need pruning. For example, for echeveria planted in the garden, redundant branches or branches that are too dense need to be cut off in spring and fall. This depends on the plant's purpose and your preference. Tools for pruning mainly include knives, scissors, and some medicines (such as sulfur powder).
In order to propagate new plants, cut some leaves in spring and fall. Select a stout stem with 5-6 leaves. Cut it off with a knife, then smear the wound with sulfur powder, and plant it after the wound is healed. Slightly wet the soil used for planting.
Cultivation:PruningDetail
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care_advanced_guide

Advanced Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail

What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Tree aeonium?

Tree aeonium is suitable to grow in mild temperature in spring and autumn, and does not have good resistance to extreme cold weather. If you are in a cold region, it is not recommended to plant it directly in the garden, but as a potted plant.
When the temperature is higher than 30 ℃ in summer, tree aeonium may enter its dormancy. When the temperature is lower than 5 ℃ in winter, it is recommended to move it indoors to avoid irreversible frostbite or even death. Its growing season is in spring and autumn, and it needs a little water; in summer and winter, when it enters the dormancy period, watering should be reduced.
Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail
What is the optimal temperature for Tree aeonium?
To create the best possible environment for Tree aeonium, you’ll want to grow your Tree aeonium in temperatures between 60-75℉ (15-25℃). They can tolerate marginally higher and lower temperatures, but this range will help facilitate optimal growth.
Tree aeonium that experience temperatures below 40℉(10℃) or above 95℉(35℃) will go into a state of dormancy, halting their growth. Staying above 95℉ (35℃) for anything other than a short period can damage these plants; enough time in high temperatures may kill them entirely.
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Does Tree aeonium require different temperatures for different growing phases?
Tree aeonium do require different temperatures to enter their different phases of life, primarily the dormant phase they reach during summer and their growing phase during the winter. Tree aeonium need cooler temperatures to actively grow, but not too cold; anything below 40℉(10℃) will push them into a state of dormancy regardless of season.
High temperatures can also induce a dormant state, restricting growth and reducing the plant's watering needs. Too much watering during dormancy can drown the plant and cause root rot, so make sure to only water the soil when it feels dry.
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Three tips for keeping Tree aeonium temperature under control
Tip #1: Don’t Over-Water When Temperatures Are High
It may seem counterintuitive, but Tree aeonium actually need less water during summer. To see if your plants have enough moisture, check the soil by putting your pointer finger two inches (5 cm) below the surface and feeling to see if it's dry. If it's already wet and you continue to water it, you can cause the roots of your plant to rot.
Tip #2: Don’t Panic If Temperatures Occasionally Get Too High or Low
While you’ll want to keep your Tree aeonium in the optimal temperature range as much as possible, they won’t die instantly if temperatures drop or rise. Tree aeonium have even been known to survive at temperatures below 0 ℃ for small amounts of time. Temperature fluctuations will usually cause your plants to enter a state of dormancy, going into survival mode and utilizing less water. You’ll want to return them to the correct range as soon as possible, but don’t think all is lost if the temperature suddenly shifts.
Tip #3: Avoid Placing Your Tree aeonium in Extreme Heat
When exposed to very high temperatures for extended periods of time, Tree aeonium will begin to change and experience damage. The changes may seem aesthetically pleasing at first, with the leaves changing into muted shades of red, yellow, and orange. But eventually they will begin to wither as the plant succumbs to sun damage, eventually stopping it's growth entirely and causing your Tree aeonium to die.
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Does Tree aeonium need different temperatures for different seasons?
Tree aeonium actively grow in winter, though their flowers won’t appear until the warmer temperatures of spring. If you are planting these succulents indoors, the seasons won’t affect their temperature requirements very much. The focus will be more on the ability for the plants to get the right amount of sunlight.
Winters can make it more difficult for Tree aeonium to get the right amount of light, while summers can provide an overabundance. Too much sunlight can damage the leaves and stems of the plant, slowing their growth or halting it entirely. Keep your Tree aeonium in an area with bright but indirect light to see the best results.
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What is the best way to keep my Tree aeonium at the optimal temperature?
If you are growing your Tree aeonium indoors, you’ll want them kept in an area of your home with a climate control system. This system can be an A/C unit if you live in a warmer region or a heater if you live in a colder region, though the air from either should not come directly in contact with the plants. Try to have as much natural air as possible without drastically shifting the surrounding temperature. You’ll also want to be mindful of the sunlight they experience, keeping them in rooms with ample, but indirect, window lighting.
If your Tree aeonium is outside, you’ll want to control the temperature by positioning it for optimum sunlight. This means avoiding the direct sunlight and heat of midday; Tree aeonium is full sun or partial shade plants, dappled sunlight filtered through a tree, plant, or fabric structure is the best. An overabundance of sunlight can also expose them to high temperatures, putting them at risk of dormancy and damage.
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Cultivation:SoilDetail

What Soil is Best for Tree aeonium?

Loose, ventilated soil is very important for the growth of tree aeonium. Generally speaking, the soil is divided into three layers. From top to bottom: the top deco layer, the middle planting layer, and the lower hydrophobic layer. Each requires different types of soils.
The top deco soil is paved on the soil surface for the decoration and fixation of plants. Some can prevent diseases and insect pests. When it's completely dry, it's time to water. There are many types of soil that can be used as top deco soil, such as white pebble, akadama soil, kiryuu sands, kanuma soil, etc. Choose it according to specific pots and plants.
The middle layer soil fixes plants in place and provides nutrients for plants to grow. You can buy succulent planting soil from a store, or buy soil materials to mix yourself. The common soil formulation for this layer is peat moss:perlite:volcanic rock:vermiculite = 4:2:2:2.
The soil of the lower hydrophobic layer is placed at the bottom of the flowerpot or garden hole to evacuate the excess water in the succulent root system and prevent the root system from rotting due to water accumulation. The hydrophobic layer can be made of ceramsite, volcanic stone, or other large-scale culture media. Coal slag or charcoal are also good choices. If it is planted in the garden, make sure the bottom drainage layer has good water permeability.
Cultivation:SoilDetail
Cultivation:PropagationDetail

How to Propagate Tree aeonium?

There are many ways to propagate succulents. Seeds can be collected for sowing, but they are difficult to germinate. It is more common to use leaves for cutting propagation, generally in spring and fall. Select a whole leaf of a healthy plant, cut it off with a knife, and lay it flat on slightly humid soil with the leaf base close to the soil. Provide it with suitable temperature (25 ℃) and light (bright, scattered light). In a week or two, a bud will grow at the leaf base.

Propagation

Tree aeonium is a lovely plant. If you want to get more of this plant, you can propagate it as follows. The active growing season during the spring and summer is the best time to propagate Tree aeonium. During this period, the plants are generating a lot of energy for new growth and should have plenty of stems that can be used for propagation. They can also recover from having cuttings taken during this season than during the slower autumn and winter seasons. The following are what you need to prepare before the propagation.
  1. Sharp scissors or knife
  2. Diluted bleach solution or isopropyl alcohol to clean tools
  3. Pot(s) or nursery tray with drainage holes
  4. Special soil for succulents
  5. Clear plastic bag or a humidity dome for covering cuttings
  6. Rooting hormone (optional but recommended)
Steps: Step 1: Prepare containers by filling them with moistened planting material leaving about half an inch of space from the top of the container. Step 2: Choose healthy parts for propagation. Using your sterilized scissors, trim the leaves from the part of the stem that is inserted into the soil below, leaving only the stem, as the leaves rot easily when buried in the soil. The length of the cutting should not be too long, for once the cutting takes root, it has actually become an individual plant. No body wants a plant to grow long and thin from the beginning. Be sure to make a clean cut, and don’t crush the stem as that can leave the plant vulnerable to infection. Sterilize cutting tools between plants if you are taking multiple cuttings. Step 3: Leave them for 1-2 days, as you need to wait for the cut wounds to dry before taking cuttings. Dip the bottom end of the cutting into rooting powder (if using) according to the directions. Step 4: Make a hole in the soil for each cutting, and place the cutting inside so that the soil line is at the lower leaves. Press soil around the cutting, then repeat until all cuttings are planted and then water thoroughly. Step 5: Place it in a location where the cuttings can get light but no direct sunlight, as this can be too intense for cuttings. Water occasionally and do not let the Tree aeonium dry out. Most species will begin to produce roots in about 3 weeks, After rooting, the plant will gradually grow new leaves, at which time you can start to harden off the Tree aeonium. Hardening off involves gradually exposing the Tree aeonium to more sunlight so that they have time to adjust before being moved permanently outside. Hardening off should usually take about 1 to 2 weeks depending on the outdoor conditions and the type of Tree aeonium. After this period, Tree aeonium can be planted in containers or directly in the ground.
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Cultivation:PropagationDetail
Cultivation:PlantingDetail

How to Plant Tree aeonium?

When planting, add the hydrophobic layer to the flowerpot first, and then a small amount of soil of the planting layer. Then spread out the roots and put them in. Cover the root with planting soil slowly. Add the top decorative layer, and finally, water once. To plant in the garden, dig a pit 1.5-2 times the size of the root system first, and then follow the above steps.
In order to make it grow better and faster, or if the roots are too dense or unhealthy, it needs to be repotted. Repot in spring and fall. Before repotting, stop watering a few days in advance. Once the soil is dried, you can gently knock the pot outside. Or you can use a knife to separate the soil from the pot. Gently pull the plant up slightly to ease it out of the pot, and then follow the steps described above.
Though you can plant different colors of succulent plants together, avoid planting succulent plants with different growth habits together. Some succulents need water in the summer, while others don't. If they are planted together, one will become sick due to excessive watering, while the other may wither due to insufficient water.
Cultivation:PlantingDetail
PlantCare:TransplantSummary

How to Transplant Tree aeonium?

For tree aeonium, it's ideal to transplant during mid to late spring or mid to late fall, as these seasons provide the optimal temperature and moisture conditions. Choose a location with well-draining soil and partial to full sun exposure. Remember, a gentle touch is key while handling tree aeonium during transplanting.
PlantCare:TransplantSummary
Cultivation:PottingSuggestions

How to Repot Tree aeonium?

plant in pots when roots grow 2 to 3 cm long; repot once every 1-2 years.
Cultivation:PottingSuggestions
care_scenes

More Info on Tree Aeonium Growth and Care

Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Water
Every 3 weeks
Tree aeonium originates from the Canary Islands, Madeira, and North Africa. In its native environment, it typically grows in areas with mild, Mediterranean climates, characterized by dry summers and wet winters. These conditions indicate that tree aeonium prefers infrequent, deep watering. It is essential to allow the soil to dry out between waterings to prevent overwatering, as the plant is adapted to periods of drought. Providing well-draining soil and watering sparingly can help mimic its natural habitat and meet its watering needs.
Watering Techniques
Lighting
Full sun
Tree aeonium thrives in environments that mimic its origin, where it was exposed to abundant sun. It can also endure periods of less intense sun, though this might slow its development. Not receiving sufficient sunlight may stress the plant, impairing its growth and health, while overly harsh daylight can be detrimental, potentially scorching the leaves.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
0 43 ℃
Tree aeonium prefers a temperature range of 68 to 100℉ (20 to 38℃). It is native to environments with warm temperatures and mild winters. During the summer, it can tolerate higher temperatures, but during the cooler months, it is best to keep it above 50℉ (10℃) to avoid damage to the foliage.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Transplant
2-3 feet
For tree aeonium, it's ideal to transplant during mid to late spring or mid to late fall, as these seasons provide the optimal temperature and moisture conditions. Choose a location with well-draining soil and partial to full sun exposure. Remember, a gentle touch is key while handling tree aeonium during transplanting.
Transplant Techniques
Overwinter
20 ℃
Tree aeonium hails from the sunny Canary Islands, naturally adapting to winter by entering semi-dormancy, enhancing water preservation. For gardeners, winter care of tree aeonium revolves around limiting watering and maintaining a stable, warm indoor environment. Excessive cold and moisture can harm tree aeonium, so consider its innate warmth-loving nature. The adaptation to the sunny native habitat drives its winter care needs.
Winter Techniques
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that majorly affects the roots and leaves of Aeonium arboreum, causing discoloration and wilting. Persistent infection can cause plant death if not treated promptly.
Learn More About the Disease
Wilting
Wilting in Aeonium arboreum is a common plant disease causing loss of turgidity in leaves, leading to their drooping or wilting. It is primarily caused by insufficient water, disease, or pests, significantly impacting the plant's health and appearance.
Learn More About the Disease
Brown blotch
Brown spot is a plant disease affecting Tree aeonium, primarily caused by a fungus. Upon infestation, the plant shows signs of brown spots on leaves, with reduced growth and potential death if not promptly treated.
Learn More About the Disease
Feng shui direction
Southwest
The tree aeonium is thought to evoke positive energy and growth, making it a desirable addition to one's space. When placed in the Southwest direction, it may enhance love and relationship luck due to its lush foliage symbolizing strong connections. However, individual experiences may vary, so trusting one's instincts is encouraged.
Fengshui Details
care_seasonal_tips

Seasonal Care Tips

seasonal-tip

Seasonal Precautions

There are several ways to ensure ventilation in summer. ① use loose soil; ② use a ceramic pot with good air permeability; ③ keep potted plants in multi-ventilated environments.
In summer, avoid strong summer light. Move potted plants indoors, and shade outdoors plants. In addition, avoid direct sunlight after watering, as this will burn the plants.
Varieties with thick leaves have high water content in their leaves and easily dehydrate in heat. Reduce their water supply earlier, which can help plants enter dormancy smoothly and avoid being hurt by high temperature in summer.
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Spring

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Summer

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Fall

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Winter

This plant and other types of cool-weather succulents perform best with pruning in the early spring.

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1
Cut the stems back to a couple of inches above the soil but be careful not to remove any new growth.
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2
Spring is also the time to divide the plants if necessary.
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3
Water only when rainfall is less than a couple of inches every few weeks.
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4
The plant requires little extra nutrients, but a light application of a fertilizer comprised for succulents can help support healthy growth.
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5
Check for any roots growing above the soil or out of the drainage holes. If so, it’s time to move the plant to a larger container.

Cool weather-loving succulents like this plant require little care in the summer.

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1
When rainfall is under two inches every few weeks check the soil’s moisture level. If it is dry, water sparingly.
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2
Pinching off spent blooms can encourage flowering in the late summer and fall. Leave the seed heads on to add garden interest in the winter.
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3
Move container plants into the shade during summer dormancy.

In the fall, your plant should be waking up from its summer dormancy.

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1
You can clean up this plant, removing any dead or diseased branches during this time. Succulents don’t require extra pruning.
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2
Start fertilizing the plant with diluted, slow-release fertilizer to provide it with necessary nutrients; a type made for succulents should suffice.
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3
While the weather remains warm or cool, you can water the plant using the soak-and-dry method, making sure the soil is dry before watering the plant.
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4
Plenty of indirect light will help your plant grow and thrive. You may also propagate the plant during this time, planting new offshoots in fresh pots.

Most likely, your plant will continue growing during this time, even with the freezing winter temperatures.

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1
Make sure it has a lot of sunlight in this season to make sure it’s growing well.
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2
Keep watering, but reduce the amount given to the plant, especially in temperatures that are reaching freezing, or when the plant is covered in snow.
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3
You can choose to move potted varieties indoors to keep it away from the worst of the winter weather, or leave it outdoors, where it should survive and decorate your garden.
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4
These plants will need little to no pruning or fertilizing, even during the winter months.
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Common Pests & Diseases

Common issues for Tree aeonium based on 10 million real cases
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that majorly affects the roots and leaves of Aeonium arboreum, causing discoloration and wilting. Persistent infection can cause plant death if not treated promptly.
Wilting
Wilting Wilting
Wilting
Wilting in Aeonium arboreum is a common plant disease causing loss of turgidity in leaves, leading to their drooping or wilting. It is primarily caused by insufficient water, disease, or pests, significantly impacting the plant's health and appearance.
Brown blotch
Brown blotch Brown blotch
Brown blotch
Brown spot is a plant disease affecting Tree aeonium, primarily caused by a fungus. Upon infestation, the plant shows signs of brown spots on leaves, with reduced growth and potential death if not promptly treated.
Low light
Low light Low light
Low light
A lack of sunlight will cause the stems and leaves to elongate and appear lighter in color.
Solutions: Low light can only be addressed by increasing light availability, and these measures will only stop further etoliation; current distortion cannot be reversed. Move plant to a position where it receives more light. Check the requirements for specific species, as too much sunlight can cause a plant to burn. Introduce appropriate artificial lighting. Some people choose to prune the longest stems so the plant can concentrate on healthy new growth under the improved lighting.
Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Scars
Scars Scars
Scars
Any light-colored markings that appear on stems but which do not enlarge or multiply are simply scars that have healed.
Solutions: Each source of scarring requires a different approach to help your plant recover. Protect the trunk and leaves from physical damage like scrapes. If pests or disease are the cause of scarring, isolate the plant from others to avoid further spread. Some pests can be removed with organic remedies such as a soft cloth and soapy water solution or diluted isopropyl alcohol spray. Stop sunburn by moving your plant away from direct sunlight and making sure it has the water it needs. Frequent leaf or bud loss may be due to insufficient light or nutrients.
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Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Tree aeonium?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Tree aeonium?
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that majorly affects the roots and leaves of Aeonium arboreum, causing discoloration and wilting. Persistent infection can cause plant death if not treated promptly.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The most prominent signs of leaf rot in Aeonium arboreum are wilting, yellowing, and browning of leaves. This disease primarily affects the roots, causing them to become slimy and discolored, and eventually leading to wilting and death of the entire plant.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Tree aeonium?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Tree aeonium?
1
Fungi
Certain types of fungi, such as Phytophthora, Fusarium, and Pythium, are responsible for leaf rot. The fungi thrive in overly wet, compacted, and poorly aerated soils, infecting the roots and causing decay.
2
Environment
Conditions that promote high humidity and stagnant water around the root zone encourage the development of these fungi.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Tree aeonium?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Tree aeonium?
1
Non pesticide
Cultural practices: Modifying gardening behaviors, like ensuring adequate drainage and avoiding overwatering can be instrumental in managing leaf rot.

Removal: Affected parts should be pruned and removed promptly to prevent the spread of the fungus.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Application of fungicides, like Metalaxyl, can be effective in controlling leaf rot. These should be used per manufacturer instructions.
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Wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Wilting Disease on Tree aeonium?
What is Wilting Disease on Tree aeonium?
Wilting in Aeonium arboreum is a common plant disease causing loss of turgidity in leaves, leading to their drooping or wilting. It is primarily caused by insufficient water, disease, or pests, significantly impacting the plant's health and appearance.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The main symptoms include drooping or wilting leaves, yellowing of leaves, soggy or mushy roots, and stunted growth. In severe cases, the entire plant may appear limp with loss of vitality.
What Causes Wilting Disease on Tree aeonium?
What Causes Wilting Disease on Tree aeonium?
1
Insufficient watering
Aeonium arboreum requires consistent but careful watering. Deficiency can lead to wilting.
2
Shock due to transplanting
The sudden change in environment may result in stress, leading to wilting.
3
Disease
Fungal diseases, especially root rot, could cause wilting.
4
Pests
Pests such as mealybugs and scale insects can suck sap, causing wilting.
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Tree aeonium?
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Tree aeonium?
1
Non pesticide
Proper watering: Ensure sufficient but not excessive watering to maintain root health.

Healthy Soil: Use well-draining soil to avoid waterlogged conditions which can lead to root rot.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Use appropriate fungicides for suspected fungal infections.

Pesticides: Apply suitable insecticides if pests are identified.
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Brown blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch Disease on Tree aeonium?
What is Brown blotch Disease on Tree aeonium?
Brown spot is a plant disease affecting Tree aeonium, primarily caused by a fungus. Upon infestation, the plant shows signs of brown spots on leaves, with reduced growth and potential death if not promptly treated.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The main symptoms on Tree aeonium are the appearance of brown spots on leaves, often surrounded by a yellow halo. The infected plant may demonstrate wilted leaves and overall stunted growth.
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Tree aeonium?
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Tree aeonium?
1
Fungal pathogen
Brown spot is caused by a fungus named Bipolaris oryzae.
2
Weather conditions
Higher humidity and warm weather aid in the fungus' growth and spread.
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Tree aeonium?
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Tree aeonium?
1
Non pesticide
Removal: Remove and destroy infected parts of the plant.

Air circulation: Increase air circulation to reduce humidity levels around the plant.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide: Apply systemic fungicides.

Copper-based products: Use copper-based products as they are effective against many types of fungi.
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Low light
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Low light
A lack of sunlight will cause the stems and leaves to elongate and appear lighter in color.
Overview
Overview
All plants require light, and if they do not receive it in the quantities that they require this distorts their growth in a process known as etiolation. In essence, etiolated plants are diverting all of their energy to growing taller in a desperate attempt to reach a position where they can meet their light requirements. Many other growth factors are harmed by this, and so light-deprived plants can become weak and distorted until they are almost unrecognizable. Low light symptoms are most commonly seen in houseplants, but outdoor specimens can also be affected.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Although symptoms will vary in different plants, the general symptoms of low light are easy to spot.
  1. Plant stems grow tall and lanky.
  2. There are less leaves, and both leaves and stems tend to be pale and insipid looking. This is due to a shortage of chlorophyll.
  3. All plant parts become weakened and may droop, as energy is diverted toward too-fast growth as the plant stretches itself toward any source of light.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Plants need sunlight in varying amounts for photosynthesis – a process that produces energy for growth and fruit and flower production. Low light causes a plant to divert all energy to upward (apical) growth in order to find better light. Plant hormones called auxins are transported from the actively-growing tip of the plant downwards, to suppress lateral growth. A drop in cellular pH triggers expansins, nonenzymatic cell wall proteins, to loosen cell walls and allow them to elongate. This elongation results in the abnormal lengthening of stems, especially internodes, or plant "legginess" which is observed in etoliated plants.
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Aged yellow and dry
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Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
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Scars
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Scars
Any light-colored markings that appear on stems but which do not enlarge or multiply are simply scars that have healed.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Scars form when the plant repairs wounds. They can be the result of people or pets passing by and scraping the plant. Once the underlying issue is resolved, the plant will heal but a scar may remain.
Pests and pathogens can also cause scarring. Insects may attack the plant for a meal, resulting in extensive scarring when a few invaders turn into an infestation. Diseases such as fungus and bacteria can weaken the plant, causing brown spots, mushy areas, or blisters that lead to scars.
Scars occur on stems when a leaf or bud has been lost and the plant has healed. The harder tissue is like a scab that protects a wound.
On other occasions, scars can signal problems from environmental conditions, such as overexposure to sunlight or heat. It might surprise you to know that plants can suffer from sunburn, even desert dwellers like cactus!
Solutions
Solutions
Each source of scarring requires a different approach to help your plant recover.
  1. Protect the trunk and leaves from physical damage like scrapes.
  2. If pests or disease are the cause of scarring, isolate the plant from others to avoid further spread. Some pests can be removed with organic remedies such as a soft cloth and soapy water solution or diluted isopropyl alcohol spray.
  3. Stop sunburn by moving your plant away from direct sunlight and making sure it has the water it needs.
  4. Frequent leaf or bud loss may be due to insufficient light or nutrients.
Prevention
Prevention
Preventing some sources of scarring is easier than others, but all start with careful attention to your plants once you decide to bring them home.
  1. Review specific guidelines for your plant, including soil drainage, watering, and fertilizer requirements.
  2. Inspect plants before planting and use sterile pots and fresh potting soil or media to limit transfer of fungi or bacteria.
  3. Once established, check your plants regularly for signs of scarring or the presence of pests, as it is better to catch problems as early as possible.
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More About Tree Aeonium

Plant Type
Plant Type
Succulent, Shrub
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Spread
Spread
90 to 150 cm
Bloom Time
Bloom Time
Spring, Mid winter, Late winter
Flower Color
Flower Color
Yellow
Leaf Color
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
Flower Size
10 to 15 cm
Plant Height
Plant Height
50 to 200 cm

Name story

Aeonium black rose
Aeonium arboreum is a succulent plant. Its overall shape looks like a petrified rose and its succulent leaves are often purplish-black, so it is called the aeonium black rose.
Tree aenium
This plant has well-developed aerial stems making the whole plant look like a shrub. Thus, it is called tree aenium.
Irish rose||Purple rose
Their lotus-shaped succulent leaves sprout on branches like blooming flowers. Hence, they are also called Irish rose and purplerose.

Usages

Environmental Protection Value
It can purify air and absorb formaldehyde.
Garden Use
With a shrub-like growth that produces showy, intriguingly appealing rosettes that are brightly colored, the tree aeonium is a popular choice for Mediterranean, succulent, and rock gardens. Its upright growth pattern makes it a beautiful accent plant that can be used as a pleasing contrast to low-growing succulents like echevarias, and it also looks good next to crassulas, aloes, and agaves.
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Common Problems

Why do my plant's leaves turn yellow and wither?

more more
It's a natural phenomenon for leaves turn yellow and wither. Don't panic. If new buds turn yellow and withered, it is abnormal, and may be caused by lack of some mineral fertilizer or by sunburn.

Why do its leaves wrinkle?

more more
Wrinkled leaves are generally due to water shortage. When a succulent lacks water, wrinkled or shriveled leaves reminds you to water them.

Why does it have a very tall stem but few leaves?

more more
Lack of light can lead to a weak, tall stem, fewer leaves, and vulnerableness of plant tissue, which makes the plant prone to injury. Place the succulent in a well-lit area and it will slowly improve over time.
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Caring for a New Plant

new-plant
The following pictures and instructions for succulent plant are aimed to help your plants adapt and thrive in a new environment.
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1
Picking a Healthy Succulent
check-health

Check Its Health

part-image-bg part-image
Whole Plant
Grows compactly with a full shape, no excessive growth, close internodes, and uniform leaf size.
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Leaves
Check the overlapping shaded areas. Even leaf colour, absence of yellowing, brown spots, wilting, or ruffling. No white mouldy spots from mealy bugs in leaf axils or stem.
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Stems
The stem is full and firm to the touch, with no browning or soft rot.
health-trouble

Health Troubleshooting

Whole Plant
trouble-image
Internodes are longer in the upper part, leaves are sparse and smaller on top: increase light intensity or duration.
Stems
trouble-image
The stem is brown and soft: clear out the rotten roots by repotting the plant, place it in a spot with good sunlight. Water every 1-2 weeks with a fungicide.
Leaves
trouble-image
more 1 Uneven leaf color and yellowing: prune yellow leaves and check if there are signs of rot at the base of the plant. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
trouble-image
more 2 Brown or yellow spots: place in well-ventilated area, avoid watering leaves, use fungicide spray if severe.
trouble-image
more 3 Wilted, wrinkled leaves: check if due to overwatering or lack of water, cut off water and re-water after 1 month if due to rot.
trouble-image
more 4 Leaves falling off easily: due to lack of light or rot, clean up rot, repot in sunny location.
trouble-image
more 5 Mouldy white spots (mealy bugs): manually remove bugs, treat with soapy water, use chemical insecticides if needed.
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Check Its Growing Conditions

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Soil Check
Soil should be dry, with no foul odors.
check
Light Check
Adequate sunlight is essential.
check
Ventilation Check
Ensure good ventilation.
check
Temperature Check
Ensure outdoor temperature is suitable for plants.
condition-trouble

Condition Troubleshooting

check
Soil
Succulent & cactus soil
Soil smells musty or foul: If the soil particles are not large, it is necessary to replace them with more breathable granular soil. After cleaning out the rotted roots and repotting, water once every 1-2 weeks and reduce the amount of water each time.
check
Suitable Light
Full sun, Partial sun
Insufficient light: it may become sick and eventually die. Move the plant to a location with direct light.
Transplant recovery: Succulents can handle full light, except during summer when temperatures are higher than 86℉ (30℃) . Acclimate for 2 weeks and then expose to full light.
check
Ideal Temperature
10℃ to 35℃
Temperature is too low: Move indoor in winter if temperature dips below 40℉ (5℃).
check
Ventilation
Well Ventilated
Non-ventilated environment: can lead to root rot, diseases, and flower drop. Place plants in a well-ventilated location, such as a window.
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2
Adapting Your New Succulent
Step 1
condition-image
Repotting
New succulents can be repotted immediately, except during dormancy. Replace soil if it's not loose and airy. No watering needed after repotting. Summer heat is dormancy time for Sedum, Phyllanthaceae, Tuberous. Winter temperatures are dormancy time for Cactaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Lauraceae.
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Step 2
condition-image
Pruning
Remove dead/yellow leaves. Keep dead leaves wrapping plant intact. Cut off long, crooked, fallen, or leaning branches. Prune dried roots and tiny fibrous roots if bare-rooted. Pruning roots doesn't harm succulents.
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Step 3
condition-image
Watering
No water needed during the first week after repotting or arrival. Then water once a week or according to the plant's habits, usually at intervals of no less than once a week.
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Tree Aeonium
label-image
Repotting
Repot new succulents except in dormancy. Use loose soil. No watering after repotting.
label-image
Pruning
Remove dead leaves, cut bad branches. Prune dried roots if bare-rooted.
label-image
Watering
No water first week after repotting. Then, water weekly or per plant habits.
label-image
Sunlight
Full light for succulents except >86℉ (30℃) summer. Acclimate 2 weeks, then full light.
label-image
Soil
If soil has a musty smell, replace it with a more permeable soil, repot and reduce watering frequency.
label
main-image
Tree Aeonium
label-image
Repotting
Repot new succulents except in dormancy. Use loose soil. No watering after repotting.
label-image
Pruning
Remove dead leaves, cut bad branches. Prune dried roots if bare-rooted.
label-image
Watering
No water first week after repotting. Then, water weekly or per plant habits.
label-image
Sunlight
Full light for succulents except >86℉ (30℃) summer. Acclimate 2 weeks, then full light.
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Soil
If soil has a musty smell, replace it with a more permeable soil, repot and reduce watering frequency.
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Tree aeonium
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Tree aeonium

How to Care for Tree Aeonium

Tree aeonium (Aeonium arboreum) is a succulent subshrub species endemic to the Canary Islands. Tree aeonium is often grown as an ornamental plant in gardens. Because it is subtropical, this species has to be grown under greenhouse conditions in other climates. Tree aeonium is also known as the tree houseleek and the Irish rose. It grows naturally in shade and on weathered, volcanic soils.
symbolism

Symbolism

Elegance, versatility
Water
Every 3 weeks
Water Water detail
Sunlight
Full sun
Sunlight Sunlight detail
care_basic_guide

Basic Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterDetail

How to Water Tree aeonium?

Cultivation:WaterDetail
For many novices, the most difficult problem is how much to water. Tree aeonium doesn't need much water. Don't water to a schedule; instead, pay attention to the state of the plant and the weather conditions. Learn to water a succulent plant correctly from the following five tips.
A. Weather. In hot weather or low temperatures, succulent plants become dormant. Reduce watering, usually once every 1-2 weeks. Since the growth of the plant is stagnates when dormant, its absorption of water and nutrients is quite slow. At the same time, keep the environment dry and ventilated. Frequent watering can cause succulent plants to die due to black rot.
B. Time. In summer, water in the evening to avoid the noon sun, because high heat makes the newly watered soil stuffy, which makes the root system prone to black rot. Timing does not matter in other seasons.
C. State of the succulent. Succulent plants show obvious symptoms when they need water. For example, healthy leaves of Astridia velutina or Lithops sp. wrinkle and even curl up when they are short of water. For some succulent varieties, such as Monilaria obconica and Phyllobolus resurgens, leaves droop and slouch when they are thirsty. That's the signal of water shortage sent by the succulent plant.
D. Soil. You can also determine whether to water by observing the moisture of the soil. For potted succulent plants, you can weigh the pot in your hand to judge the amount of water left in the soil, because the weight of the soil is quite different when there's sufficient or insufficient water. In addition, if there's a gap between the outer edge of the soil and the inner edge of the pot, or the soil surface cracks, that is also a sign of water shortage.
E. Pot. Pots with good air permeability lose water faster, so the frequency can be higher. For porcelain pots or pot without drainage holes, watering frequency should be lower.
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What is the best way to water my Tree aeonium?
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail

How to Fertilize Tree aeonium?

Cultivation:FertilizerDetail
Most succulent plants are used to growing in the wild, where the environment is poor, so they do not need fertilization in their growth cycle. You can add a little slow-release fertilizer in early summer, but it's fine if you do not apply fertilizer at all. Don't fertilize during dormancy, because too many nutrients that it can't absorb may damages its growth.
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Fertilizer

Often found growing in rock gardens and used in xeriscaping, Tree aeonium adds plenty of interest and texture to the area. It is a slow-growing plant, and this affects its care. Tree aeonium does not require a lot of nutrients to thrive. Knowing when and how to feed your specimen will help ensure you get years of enjoyment from your plant. Fertilizing Tree aeonium adds nutrients to the growing medium. Even though it does store water and nutrients, applying plant food during the growing season helps support healthy growth. Fertilizing can also encourage mature specimens to produce blooms in the growing season.
While all plants benefit from additional nutrients, Tree aeonium only needs a light dose of fertilizer during the growing season. The frequency of fertilization should be 1-2 times a year. It is suggested to fertilize your Tree aeonium in the spring and autumn, but not in winter&summer when it is dormant. Be careful with repotted plants, you will want to reduce the amount of fertilizer. It’s also a good idea to wait a couple of months after repotting before you start applying fertilizer. It’s best to use a liquid plant food formulated for succulents and cacti when you are fertilizing Tree aeonium. Dilute the fertilizer with water to half-strength. You do not want the fertilizer building up in the soil. Apply the fertilizer to the base of the plant and water thoroughly, ensuring any excess moisture drains from the container or seeps into the ground.
It is easier to use liquid plant food when you are fertilizing Tree aeonium, but granules are another option. Follow the directions on the packaging, making sure you dilute liquid fertilizers to half-strength. Whether you are using granules are liquid plant food, always apply it to the soil. Cover the granules with a thin layer of soil and water regardless of the type of plant food you are using.
Over-fertilizing Tree aeonium is a common problem with new and experienced gardeners. The plant has low nutritional needs and it’s easy to apply a little too much fertilizer. Over-fertilizing Tree aeonium can burn the plant’s sensitive roots resulting in its slow decay. Without its root system, the plant cannot absorb nutrients and moisture.
Like most plants, Tree aeonium has a dormancy period and it is when you want to stop the applications of fertilizer. In the summer and winter, the plant ceases growing, and it is when you want to stop applying fertilizer. It’s also a good idea to cease fertilizing for the first couple of months after repotting in the spring.
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Cultivation:SunlightDetail

What Are the Sunlight Requirements for Tree aeonium?

Cultivation:SunlightDetail
Generally speaking, tree aeonium needs bright, transparent, scattered light. Without enough sunlight over time, the plant becomes spindley, the tissue becomes brittle, and the color fades slowly. The plant's shape becomes loose, it turns green and yellow, and its resistance to disease decreases.
Strong summer sunlight may burn its leaves and stems. When exposed to the sun, it tends to grow slowly or not at all. Its leaves grow compactly and stems shorten, which results in a shorter plant. In some succulent plants, old leaves wither in summer and new leaves tend to be short and compact, showing a bare rod shape. In summer, set up a sunshade or move the potted plant indoors.
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Cultivation:PruningDetail

How to Prune Tree aeonium?

Cultivation:PruningDetail
In order to keep a beautiful shape, large succulent plants may need pruning. For example, for echeveria planted in the garden, redundant branches or branches that are too dense need to be cut off in spring and fall. This depends on the plant's purpose and your preference. Tools for pruning mainly include knives, scissors, and some medicines (such as sulfur powder).
In order to propagate new plants, cut some leaves in spring and fall. Select a stout stem with 5-6 leaves. Cut it off with a knife, then smear the wound with sulfur powder, and plant it after the wound is healed. Slightly wet the soil used for planting.
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Advanced Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail

What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Tree aeonium?

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail
Tree aeonium is suitable to grow in mild temperature in spring and autumn, and does not have good resistance to extreme cold weather. If you are in a cold region, it is not recommended to plant it directly in the garden, but as a potted plant.
When the temperature is higher than 30 ℃ in summer, tree aeonium may enter its dormancy. When the temperature is lower than 5 ℃ in winter, it is recommended to move it indoors to avoid irreversible frostbite or even death. Its growing season is in spring and autumn, and it needs a little water; in summer and winter, when it enters the dormancy period, watering should be reduced.
What is the optimal temperature for Tree aeonium?
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Does Tree aeonium require different temperatures for different growing phases?
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Three tips for keeping Tree aeonium temperature under control
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Does Tree aeonium need different temperatures for different seasons?
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Cultivation:SoilDetail

What Soil is Best for Tree aeonium?

Cultivation:SoilDetail
Loose, ventilated soil is very important for the growth of tree aeonium. Generally speaking, the soil is divided into three layers. From top to bottom: the top deco layer, the middle planting layer, and the lower hydrophobic layer. Each requires different types of soils.
The top deco soil is paved on the soil surface for the decoration and fixation of plants. Some can prevent diseases and insect pests. When it's completely dry, it's time to water. There are many types of soil that can be used as top deco soil, such as white pebble, akadama soil, kiryuu sands, kanuma soil, etc. Choose it according to specific pots and plants.
The middle layer soil fixes plants in place and provides nutrients for plants to grow. You can buy succulent planting soil from a store, or buy soil materials to mix yourself. The common soil formulation for this layer is peat moss:perlite:volcanic rock:vermiculite = 4:2:2:2.
The soil of the lower hydrophobic layer is placed at the bottom of the flowerpot or garden hole to evacuate the excess water in the succulent root system and prevent the root system from rotting due to water accumulation. The hydrophobic layer can be made of ceramsite, volcanic stone, or other large-scale culture media. Coal slag or charcoal are also good choices. If it is planted in the garden, make sure the bottom drainage layer has good water permeability.
Cultivation:PropagationDetail

How to Propagate Tree aeonium?

Cultivation:PropagationDetail
There are many ways to propagate succulents. Seeds can be collected for sowing, but they are difficult to germinate. It is more common to use leaves for cutting propagation, generally in spring and fall. Select a whole leaf of a healthy plant, cut it off with a knife, and lay it flat on slightly humid soil with the leaf base close to the soil. Provide it with suitable temperature (25 ℃) and light (bright, scattered light). In a week or two, a bud will grow at the leaf base.
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Propagation

Tree aeonium is a lovely plant. If you want to get more of this plant, you can propagate it as follows. The active growing season during the spring and summer is the best time to propagate Tree aeonium. During this period, the plants are generating a lot of energy for new growth and should have plenty of stems that can be used for propagation. They can also recover from having cuttings taken during this season than during the slower autumn and winter seasons. The following are what you need to prepare before the propagation.
  1. Sharp scissors or knife
  2. Diluted bleach solution or isopropyl alcohol to clean tools
  3. Pot(s) or nursery tray with drainage holes
  4. Special soil for succulents
  5. Clear plastic bag or a humidity dome for covering cuttings
  6. Rooting hormone (optional but recommended)
Steps: Step 1: Prepare containers by filling them with moistened planting material leaving about half an inch of space from the top of the container. Step 2: Choose healthy parts for propagation. Using your sterilized scissors, trim the leaves from the part of the stem that is inserted into the soil below, leaving only the stem, as the leaves rot easily when buried in the soil. The length of the cutting should not be too long, for once the cutting takes root, it has actually become an individual plant. No body wants a plant to grow long and thin from the beginning. Be sure to make a clean cut, and don’t crush the stem as that can leave the plant vulnerable to infection. Sterilize cutting tools between plants if you are taking multiple cuttings. Step 3: Leave them for 1-2 days, as you need to wait for the cut wounds to dry before taking cuttings. Dip the bottom end of the cutting into rooting powder (if using) according to the directions. Step 4: Make a hole in the soil for each cutting, and place the cutting inside so that the soil line is at the lower leaves. Press soil around the cutting, then repeat until all cuttings are planted and then water thoroughly. Step 5: Place it in a location where the cuttings can get light but no direct sunlight, as this can be too intense for cuttings. Water occasionally and do not let the Tree aeonium dry out. Most species will begin to produce roots in about 3 weeks, After rooting, the plant will gradually grow new leaves, at which time you can start to harden off the Tree aeonium. Hardening off involves gradually exposing the Tree aeonium to more sunlight so that they have time to adjust before being moved permanently outside. Hardening off should usually take about 1 to 2 weeks depending on the outdoor conditions and the type of Tree aeonium. After this period, Tree aeonium can be planted in containers or directly in the ground.
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Cultivation:PlantingDetail

How to Plant Tree aeonium?

Cultivation:PlantingDetail
When planting, add the hydrophobic layer to the flowerpot first, and then a small amount of soil of the planting layer. Then spread out the roots and put them in. Cover the root with planting soil slowly. Add the top decorative layer, and finally, water once. To plant in the garden, dig a pit 1.5-2 times the size of the root system first, and then follow the above steps.
In order to make it grow better and faster, or if the roots are too dense or unhealthy, it needs to be repotted. Repot in spring and fall. Before repotting, stop watering a few days in advance. Once the soil is dried, you can gently knock the pot outside. Or you can use a knife to separate the soil from the pot. Gently pull the plant up slightly to ease it out of the pot, and then follow the steps described above.
Though you can plant different colors of succulent plants together, avoid planting succulent plants with different growth habits together. Some succulents need water in the summer, while others don't. If they are planted together, one will become sick due to excessive watering, while the other may wither due to insufficient water.
PlantCare:TransplantSummary

How to Transplant Tree aeonium?

PlantCare:TransplantSummary
For tree aeonium, it's ideal to transplant during mid to late spring or mid to late fall, as these seasons provide the optimal temperature and moisture conditions. Choose a location with well-draining soil and partial to full sun exposure. Remember, a gentle touch is key while handling tree aeonium during transplanting.
Cultivation:PottingSuggestions

How to Repot Tree aeonium?

Cultivation:PottingSuggestions
plant in pots when roots grow 2 to 3 cm long; repot once every 1-2 years.
care_seasonal_tips

Seasonal Care Tips

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Seasonal Precautions

There are several ways to ensure ventilation in summer. ① use loose soil; ② use a ceramic pot with good air permeability; ③ keep potted plants in multi-ventilated environments.
In summer, avoid strong summer light. Move potted plants indoors, and shade outdoors plants. In addition, avoid direct sunlight after watering, as this will burn the plants.
Varieties with thick leaves have high water content in their leaves and easily dehydrate in heat. Reduce their water supply earlier, which can help plants enter dormancy smoothly and avoid being hurt by high temperature in summer.
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Spring

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Summer

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Fall

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Winter

This plant and other types of cool-weather succulents perform best with pruning in the early spring.

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Cut the stems back to a couple of inches above the soil but be careful not to remove any new growth.
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Spring is also the time to divide the plants if necessary.
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Water only when rainfall is less than a couple of inches every few weeks.
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The plant requires little extra nutrients, but a light application of a fertilizer comprised for succulents can help support healthy growth.
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Check for any roots growing above the soil or out of the drainage holes. If so, it’s time to move the plant to a larger container.

Cool weather-loving succulents like this plant require little care in the summer.

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When rainfall is under two inches every few weeks check the soil’s moisture level. If it is dry, water sparingly.
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Pinching off spent blooms can encourage flowering in the late summer and fall. Leave the seed heads on to add garden interest in the winter.
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3
Move container plants into the shade during summer dormancy.

In the fall, your plant should be waking up from its summer dormancy.

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You can clean up this plant, removing any dead or diseased branches during this time. Succulents don’t require extra pruning.
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Start fertilizing the plant with diluted, slow-release fertilizer to provide it with necessary nutrients; a type made for succulents should suffice.
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While the weather remains warm or cool, you can water the plant using the soak-and-dry method, making sure the soil is dry before watering the plant.
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Plenty of indirect light will help your plant grow and thrive. You may also propagate the plant during this time, planting new offshoots in fresh pots.

Most likely, your plant will continue growing during this time, even with the freezing winter temperatures.

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Make sure it has a lot of sunlight in this season to make sure it’s growing well.
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Keep watering, but reduce the amount given to the plant, especially in temperatures that are reaching freezing, or when the plant is covered in snow.
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You can choose to move potted varieties indoors to keep it away from the worst of the winter weather, or leave it outdoors, where it should survive and decorate your garden.
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These plants will need little to no pruning or fertilizing, even during the winter months.
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Common Pests & Diseases

Common issues for Tree aeonium based on 10 million real cases
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that majorly affects the roots and leaves of Aeonium arboreum, causing discoloration and wilting. Persistent infection can cause plant death if not treated promptly.
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Wilting
Wilting Wilting Wilting
Wilting in Aeonium arboreum is a common plant disease causing loss of turgidity in leaves, leading to their drooping or wilting. It is primarily caused by insufficient water, disease, or pests, significantly impacting the plant's health and appearance.
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Brown blotch
Brown blotch Brown blotch Brown blotch
Brown spot is a plant disease affecting Tree aeonium, primarily caused by a fungus. Upon infestation, the plant shows signs of brown spots on leaves, with reduced growth and potential death if not promptly treated.
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Low light
Low light Low light Low light
A lack of sunlight will cause the stems and leaves to elongate and appear lighter in color.
Solutions: Low light can only be addressed by increasing light availability, and these measures will only stop further etoliation; current distortion cannot be reversed. Move plant to a position where it receives more light. Check the requirements for specific species, as too much sunlight can cause a plant to burn. Introduce appropriate artificial lighting. Some people choose to prune the longest stems so the plant can concentrate on healthy new growth under the improved lighting.
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Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Learn More About the Aged yellow and dry more
Scars
Scars Scars Scars
Any light-colored markings that appear on stems but which do not enlarge or multiply are simply scars that have healed.
Solutions: Each source of scarring requires a different approach to help your plant recover. Protect the trunk and leaves from physical damage like scrapes. If pests or disease are the cause of scarring, isolate the plant from others to avoid further spread. Some pests can be removed with organic remedies such as a soft cloth and soapy water solution or diluted isopropyl alcohol spray. Stop sunburn by moving your plant away from direct sunlight and making sure it has the water it needs. Frequent leaf or bud loss may be due to insufficient light or nutrients.
Learn More About the Scars more
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Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Tree aeonium?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Tree aeonium?
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that majorly affects the roots and leaves of Aeonium arboreum, causing discoloration and wilting. Persistent infection can cause plant death if not treated promptly.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The most prominent signs of leaf rot in Aeonium arboreum are wilting, yellowing, and browning of leaves. This disease primarily affects the roots, causing them to become slimy and discolored, and eventually leading to wilting and death of the entire plant.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Tree aeonium?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Tree aeonium?
1
Fungi
Certain types of fungi, such as Phytophthora, Fusarium, and Pythium, are responsible for leaf rot. The fungi thrive in overly wet, compacted, and poorly aerated soils, infecting the roots and causing decay.
2
Environment
Conditions that promote high humidity and stagnant water around the root zone encourage the development of these fungi.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Tree aeonium?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Tree aeonium?
1
Non pesticide
Cultural practices: Modifying gardening behaviors, like ensuring adequate drainage and avoiding overwatering can be instrumental in managing leaf rot.

Removal: Affected parts should be pruned and removed promptly to prevent the spread of the fungus.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Application of fungicides, like Metalaxyl, can be effective in controlling leaf rot. These should be used per manufacturer instructions.
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Wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Wilting Disease on Tree aeonium?
What is Wilting Disease on Tree aeonium?
Wilting in Aeonium arboreum is a common plant disease causing loss of turgidity in leaves, leading to their drooping or wilting. It is primarily caused by insufficient water, disease, or pests, significantly impacting the plant's health and appearance.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The main symptoms include drooping or wilting leaves, yellowing of leaves, soggy or mushy roots, and stunted growth. In severe cases, the entire plant may appear limp with loss of vitality.
What Causes Wilting Disease on Tree aeonium?
What Causes Wilting Disease on Tree aeonium?
1
Insufficient watering
Aeonium arboreum requires consistent but careful watering. Deficiency can lead to wilting.
2
Shock due to transplanting
The sudden change in environment may result in stress, leading to wilting.
3
Disease
Fungal diseases, especially root rot, could cause wilting.
4
Pests
Pests such as mealybugs and scale insects can suck sap, causing wilting.
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Tree aeonium?
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Tree aeonium?
1
Non pesticide
Proper watering: Ensure sufficient but not excessive watering to maintain root health.

Healthy Soil: Use well-draining soil to avoid waterlogged conditions which can lead to root rot.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Use appropriate fungicides for suspected fungal infections.

Pesticides: Apply suitable insecticides if pests are identified.
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Brown blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch Disease on Tree aeonium?
What is Brown blotch Disease on Tree aeonium?
Brown spot is a plant disease affecting Tree aeonium, primarily caused by a fungus. Upon infestation, the plant shows signs of brown spots on leaves, with reduced growth and potential death if not promptly treated.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The main symptoms on Tree aeonium are the appearance of brown spots on leaves, often surrounded by a yellow halo. The infected plant may demonstrate wilted leaves and overall stunted growth.
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Tree aeonium?
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Tree aeonium?
1
Fungal pathogen
Brown spot is caused by a fungus named Bipolaris oryzae.
2
Weather conditions
Higher humidity and warm weather aid in the fungus' growth and spread.
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Tree aeonium?
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Tree aeonium?
1
Non pesticide
Removal: Remove and destroy infected parts of the plant.

Air circulation: Increase air circulation to reduce humidity levels around the plant.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide: Apply systemic fungicides.

Copper-based products: Use copper-based products as they are effective against many types of fungi.
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Low light
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Low light
A lack of sunlight will cause the stems and leaves to elongate and appear lighter in color.
Overview
Overview
All plants require light, and if they do not receive it in the quantities that they require this distorts their growth in a process known as etiolation. In essence, etiolated plants are diverting all of their energy to growing taller in a desperate attempt to reach a position where they can meet their light requirements. Many other growth factors are harmed by this, and so light-deprived plants can become weak and distorted until they are almost unrecognizable. Low light symptoms are most commonly seen in houseplants, but outdoor specimens can also be affected.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Although symptoms will vary in different plants, the general symptoms of low light are easy to spot.
  1. Plant stems grow tall and lanky.
  2. There are less leaves, and both leaves and stems tend to be pale and insipid looking. This is due to a shortage of chlorophyll.
  3. All plant parts become weakened and may droop, as energy is diverted toward too-fast growth as the plant stretches itself toward any source of light.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Plants need sunlight in varying amounts for photosynthesis – a process that produces energy for growth and fruit and flower production. Low light causes a plant to divert all energy to upward (apical) growth in order to find better light. Plant hormones called auxins are transported from the actively-growing tip of the plant downwards, to suppress lateral growth. A drop in cellular pH triggers expansins, nonenzymatic cell wall proteins, to loosen cell walls and allow them to elongate. This elongation results in the abnormal lengthening of stems, especially internodes, or plant "legginess" which is observed in etoliated plants.
Solutions
Solutions
Low light can only be addressed by increasing light availability, and these measures will only stop further etoliation; current distortion cannot be reversed.
  • Move plant to a position where it receives more light. Check the requirements for specific species, as too much sunlight can cause a plant to burn.
  • Introduce appropriate artificial lighting.
  • Some people choose to prune the longest stems so the plant can concentrate on healthy new growth under the improved lighting.
Prevention
Prevention
To avoid etiolation, provide an adequate amount of light from the beginning.
  1. Choose a location that matches each plant's ideal light needs. Many indoor plants do best in or near a south-facing window, which will provide the longest hours of sunlight. Flowering plants and those with colored leaves typically need more light than purely-green plants, as photosynthesis occurs in the green portions of leaves.
  2. Select plants with light needs that match a location's conditions. Some cultivars and varieties require less light than others.
  3. Use a grow light. Darker locations may require artificial illumination. A grow light may also become more necessary during winter, when sunlit hours are at their shortest.
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Aged yellow and dry
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Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
Solutions
Solutions
If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Prevention
Prevention
Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent plants from dying of “old age.” To help prolong their life, and put off symptoms of aged yellow and dry for as long as possible, take care of them by giving them enough water, fertilizing them appropriately, and making sure they get enough sunlight.
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Scars
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Scars
Any light-colored markings that appear on stems but which do not enlarge or multiply are simply scars that have healed.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Scars form when the plant repairs wounds. They can be the result of people or pets passing by and scraping the plant. Once the underlying issue is resolved, the plant will heal but a scar may remain.
Pests and pathogens can also cause scarring. Insects may attack the plant for a meal, resulting in extensive scarring when a few invaders turn into an infestation. Diseases such as fungus and bacteria can weaken the plant, causing brown spots, mushy areas, or blisters that lead to scars.
Scars occur on stems when a leaf or bud has been lost and the plant has healed. The harder tissue is like a scab that protects a wound.
On other occasions, scars can signal problems from environmental conditions, such as overexposure to sunlight or heat. It might surprise you to know that plants can suffer from sunburn, even desert dwellers like cactus!
Solutions
Solutions
Each source of scarring requires a different approach to help your plant recover.
  1. Protect the trunk and leaves from physical damage like scrapes.
  2. If pests or disease are the cause of scarring, isolate the plant from others to avoid further spread. Some pests can be removed with organic remedies such as a soft cloth and soapy water solution or diluted isopropyl alcohol spray.
  3. Stop sunburn by moving your plant away from direct sunlight and making sure it has the water it needs.
  4. Frequent leaf or bud loss may be due to insufficient light or nutrients.
Prevention
Prevention
Preventing some sources of scarring is easier than others, but all start with careful attention to your plants once you decide to bring them home.
  1. Review specific guidelines for your plant, including soil drainage, watering, and fertilizer requirements.
  2. Inspect plants before planting and use sterile pots and fresh potting soil or media to limit transfer of fungi or bacteria.
  3. Once established, check your plants regularly for signs of scarring or the presence of pests, as it is better to catch problems as early as possible.
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More About Tree Aeonium

Plant Type
Plant Type
Succulent, Shrub
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Spread
Spread
90 to 150 cm
Bloom Time
Bloom Time
Spring, Mid winter, Late winter
Flower Color
Flower Color
Yellow
Leaf Color
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
Flower Size
10 to 15 cm
Plant Height
Plant Height
50 to 200 cm

Name story

Aeonium black rose
Aeonium arboreum is a succulent plant. Its overall shape looks like a petrified rose and its succulent leaves are often purplish-black, so it is called the aeonium black rose.
Tree aenium
This plant has well-developed aerial stems making the whole plant look like a shrub. Thus, it is called tree aenium.
Irish rose||Purple rose
Their lotus-shaped succulent leaves sprout on branches like blooming flowers. Hence, they are also called Irish rose and purplerose.

Usages

Environmental Protection Value
It can purify air and absorb formaldehyde.
Garden Use
With a shrub-like growth that produces showy, intriguingly appealing rosettes that are brightly colored, the tree aeonium is a popular choice for Mediterranean, succulent, and rock gardens. Its upright growth pattern makes it a beautiful accent plant that can be used as a pleasing contrast to low-growing succulents like echevarias, and it also looks good next to crassulas, aloes, and agaves.
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Common Problems

Why do my plant's leaves turn yellow and wither?

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It's a natural phenomenon for leaves turn yellow and wither. Don't panic. If new buds turn yellow and withered, it is abnormal, and may be caused by lack of some mineral fertilizer or by sunburn.

Why do its leaves wrinkle?

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Wrinkled leaves are generally due to water shortage. When a succulent lacks water, wrinkled or shriveled leaves reminds you to water them.

Why does it have a very tall stem but few leaves?

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Lack of light can lead to a weak, tall stem, fewer leaves, and vulnerableness of plant tissue, which makes the plant prone to injury. Place the succulent in a well-lit area and it will slowly improve over time.
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Caring for a New Plant

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The following pictures and instructions for succulent plant are aimed to help your plants adapt and thrive in a new environment.
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Picking a Healthy Succulent
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Check Its Health

part
Whole Plant
Grows compactly with a full shape, no excessive growth, close internodes, and uniform leaf size.
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Leaves
Check the overlapping shaded areas. Even leaf colour, absence of yellowing, brown spots, wilting, or ruffling. No white mouldy spots from mealy bugs in leaf axils or stem.
part
Stems
The stem is full and firm to the touch, with no browning or soft rot.
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Health Troubleshooting

Whole Plant
Stems
Leaves
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Internodes are longer in the upper part, leaves are sparse and smaller on top: increase light intensity or duration.
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The stem is brown and soft: clear out the rotten roots by repotting the plant, place it in a spot with good sunlight. Water every 1-2 weeks with a fungicide.
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more 1 Uneven leaf color and yellowing: prune yellow leaves and check if there are signs of rot at the base of the plant. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
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more 2 Brown or yellow spots: place in well-ventilated area, avoid watering leaves, use fungicide spray if severe.
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more 3 Wilted, wrinkled leaves: check if due to overwatering or lack of water, cut off water and re-water after 1 month if due to rot.
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more 4 Leaves falling off easily: due to lack of light or rot, clean up rot, repot in sunny location.
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more 5 Mouldy white spots (mealy bugs): manually remove bugs, treat with soapy water, use chemical insecticides if needed.
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Check Its Growing Conditions

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Soil Check
Soil should be dry, with no foul odors.
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Light Check
Adequate sunlight is essential.
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Ventilation Check
Ensure good ventilation.
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Temperature Check
Ensure outdoor temperature is suitable for plants.
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Condition Troubleshooting

Soil
Suitable Light
Ideal Temperature
Ventilation
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Succulent & cactus soil
Soil
Soil smells musty or foul: If the soil particles are not large, it is necessary to replace them with more breathable granular soil. After cleaning out the rotted roots and repotting, water once every 1-2 weeks and reduce the amount of water each time.
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Full sun, Partial sun
Suitable Light
Insufficient light: it may become sick and eventually die. Move the plant to a location with direct light.
Transplant recovery: Succulents can handle full light, except during summer when temperatures are higher than 86℉ (30℃) . Acclimate for 2 weeks and then expose to full light.
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10℃ to 35℃
Ideal Temperature
Temperature is too low: Move indoor in winter if temperature dips below 40℉ (5℃).
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Well Ventilated
Ventilation
Non-ventilated environment: can lead to root rot, diseases, and flower drop. Place plants in a well-ventilated location, such as a window.
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2
Adapting Your New Succulent
Step 1
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Repotting
New succulents can be repotted immediately, except during dormancy. Replace soil if it's not loose and airy. No watering needed after repotting. Summer heat is dormancy time for Sedum, Phyllanthaceae, Tuberous. Winter temperatures are dormancy time for Cactaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Lauraceae.
Step 2
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Pruning
Remove dead/yellow leaves. Keep dead leaves wrapping plant intact. Cut off long, crooked, fallen, or leaning branches. Prune dried roots and tiny fibrous roots if bare-rooted. Pruning roots doesn't harm succulents.
Step 3
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Watering
No water needed during the first week after repotting or arrival. Then water once a week or according to the plant's habits, usually at intervals of no less than once a week.
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Water
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Tree Aeonium Watering Instructions
Tree aeonium originates from the Canary Islands, Madeira, and North Africa. In its native environment, it typically grows in areas with mild, Mediterranean climates, characterized by dry summers and wet winters. These conditions indicate that tree aeonium prefers infrequent, deep watering. It is essential to allow the soil to dry out between waterings to prevent overwatering, as the plant is adapted to periods of drought. Providing well-draining soil and watering sparingly can help mimic its natural habitat and meet its watering needs.
When Should I Water My Tree Aeonium?
Introduction
Proper and timely watering plays a crucial role in maintaining the overall health and development of the tree aeonium. It contributes to its optimal growth, vibrant foliage, and resistance against diseases. Therefore, understanding the appropriate signals indicating when the plant should be watered is essential.
Soil Moisture
The moisture level of the soil is a reliable sign for watering the tree aeonium. Insert a finger into the soil up to the second knuckle. If the soil feels dry or slightly damp, it is an indication that the tree aeonium needs watering. Avoid watering if the soil feels consistently wet or waterlogged.
Leaf Condition
Monitoring the condition of the leaves can provide insights into the water requirements of the tree aeonium. If the leaves appear wilted, limp, or drooping, it may indicate that the plant is under-watered. Additionally, if the leaves start to lose their vibrancy, fade in color, or turn yellow, it could be a sign of insufficient water.
Leaf Texture
Gently touch or squeeze the leaves of the tree aeonium. If the leaves feel crispy, papery, or dry, it suggests that the plant requires watering. Healthy leaves should feel turgid and firm to the touch.
Leaf Drop
Excessive leaf drop or shedding can be an indication of water stress in the tree aeonium. If you notice a significant increase in leaf loss, it may be a sign that the plant is not receiving adequate water.
Time Since Last Watering
Keep track of the time interval since the last watering. Tree aeonium typically requires watering when the top 1 to 2 inches of soil has dried out. If it has been a few days or longer since the last watering, it is advisable to check the moisture level of the soil and consider watering if necessary.
Root Growth
Inspect the plant's roots for signs of active growth. If the roots appear dry, brittle, or lack new growth, it may indicate that the tree aeonium needs water. Healthy roots are typically plump, flexible, and have white or light-colored tips.
Temperature and Humidity
The tree aeonium has higher water requirements during warm temperatures and low humidity. If the weather conditions are hot, dry, or persistently sunny, the plant may need more frequent watering.
Early Watering Risks
Watering tree aeonium too early, when the soil is still moist, could risk root rot, fungus infestation, and other root diseases due to over-watering.
Late Watering Risks
Watering tree aeonium too late, when it has been excessively dry for an extended period, could risk temporary wilting and might stunt the plant's growth. In extreme conditions, it can lead to plant death due to dehydration.
Conclusion
Understanding and recognizing these indicators is vital for effectively managing the watering schedule for the tree aeonium. By providing adequate water at the right time, you can optimize the plant's health, promote growth, and prolong its lifespan.
How Should I Water My Tree Aeonium?
Watering Requirements
Tree aeonium has specific watering needs and sensitivities that should be considered for optimal hydration. It is a succulent plant that is native to the Canary Islands and is adapted to withstand drought conditions. As a result, it is important to avoid overwatering and ensure the soil is well-drained.
Watering Technique
One effective technique for watering tree aeonium is the 'soak and dry' method. This involves thoroughly saturating the soil until water drains out of the bottom of the pot and then allowing the soil to dry out completely before watering again. This mimics the plant's natural environment and helps prevent root rot.
Watering Can Type
When using a watering can, it is advisable to select one with a long and narrow spout. This allows for precise watering directly at the base of the plant without wetting the foliage excessively. By avoiding water on the leaves, the risk of fungal diseases is minimized.
Additional Equipment
While not necessary, using a moisture meter can be beneficial for determining the moisture level of the soil before watering. This helps prevent overwatering and ensures the plant receives the appropriate amount of hydration.
Areas to Focus On
When watering tree aeonium, it is important to focus on thoroughly wetting the soil and allowing any excess water to drain out completely. Pay attention to the root zone and avoid wetting the foliage excessively. Watering the leaves can increase the risk of rot and make the plant more susceptible to pests.
Avoid
Avoid overwatering tree aeonium. It is better to underwater than to overwater, as succulents are more tolerant of drought than excess moisture. Additionally, avoid allowing the plant to sit in standing water, as this can lead to root rot.
How Much Water Does Tree Aeonium Really Need?
Introduction
Tree aeonium is a succulent native to the Canary Islands. In its natural habitat, it thrives in dry, rocky ground with shallow and rocky soils where its roots can absorb water immediately without staying in consistently wet conditions.
Water Quantity
The optimal water quantity for a tree aeonium depends largely on the size of the plant and its pot. As a succulent, tree aeonium does not require a lot of water. In general, a thorough soaking that saturates the soil without pooling on the surface or at the pot bottom is ideal. Pot size and depth are critical factors. A pot with a diameter of 10 inches or less will require less water, whereas pots above this diameter will require a greater volume to reach necessary depth.
Watering Indicators
A tree aeonium has received the correct amount of water when its soil is damp, but not soggy. Overwatering can lead to root rot, which is visible as wilting, brown leaves. Under-watering can cause the leaves to shrivel or appear dry, dull, and wrinkled.
Root Depth
Tree aeonium's roots have moderate depth relative to the plant size, hence, the water needs to cover the entire root zone to avoid causing dehydration stress to the plant.
Risks
Over-watering tree aeonium causes root rot, which if not treated can kill the plant. Under-watering can cause the plant to dehydrate, stunt its growth and even lead to plant death. Both conditions are avoidable by closely monitoring the plant and providing the correct quantity of water.
How Often Should I Water Tree Aeonium?
Every 3 weeks
Watering Frequency
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Just like people, each plant has its own preferences and needs. Devote time to understanding your plants so you can nurture them properly. Observe your plants attentively, learning from their growth patterns, and becoming more in tune with their needs as you grow together. Keep a watchful eye on new plants and seedlings, as they are sensitive to both overwatering and underwatering. Shower them with gentle love and attention, fostering their growth and strength. Let the rhythm of your local climate guide your watering habits, adapting your schedule to the changing weather and the needs of your plants.
What Kind of Water is Best for Tree Aeonium?
Water Type Guide for tree aeonium
Water Sensitivity: Moderate - tree aeonium prefers well-draining soil and should not be overly saturated with water.
Water Types
Rainwater: Best suited for tree aeonium as it is natural, free of chemicals, and has a balanced pH level.
Distilled Water: Suitable for tree aeonium as it is free of minerals and impurities.
Filtered Water: A suitable alternative to rainwater, as long as it removes any harmful contaminants.
Tap Water: Can be used if no other water sources are available. However, it may contain chlorine, fluoride, and other chemicals that can be harmful to the plant.
Chlorine Sensitivity
High - tree aeonium is sensitive to chlorine in tap water, which can cause leaf burn and overall stress to the plant.
Fluoride Sensitivity
Moderate - tree aeonium might be sensitive to fluoride in tap water, which can cause leaf discoloration and growth problems.
Water Treatments
Dechlorination: It is recommended to let tap water sit out for at least 24 hours before using it on tree aeonium. This allows the chlorine to evaporate and makes it safer for the plant.
Filtration: Using a water filter that removes chlorine, fluoride, and other contaminants can be beneficial for tree aeonium.
Water Temperature Preferences
Moderate - tree aeonium generally prefers water at room temperature (around 68-72°F or 20-22°C). Avoid using water that is too cold or too hot, as extreme temperatures can shock the plant.
How Do Tree Aeonium's Watering Needs Change with the Seasons?
How to Water tree aeonium in Spring?
Spring is a pivotal growth period for tree aeonium. This is when new leaves bud, and the plant begins to store water for the drier months ahead. As such, your tree aeonium will require regular watering. However, be cautious not to water-log the soil as this could risk root rot. Aim for evenly moist soil and ensure good drainage.
How to Water tree aeonium in Summer?
When summer arrives, the tree aeonium will be actively growing, using the stored water. Consequently, this plant will require less frequent watering even though temperatures are higher. Monitor the top layers of soil for dryness and only water when they appear to be drying out. This is to prevent overwatering which can lead to decay of the plant.
How to Water tree aeonium in Autumn?
Tree aeonium's growth begins to slow down in the fall as daylight time diminishes. As such, the plant will not require as much water as in spring or summer. Only water when the top inch of soil has dried out completely. Additionally, begin preparing the plant for winter by acclimatizing it to decreased watering schedules.
How to Water tree aeonium in Winter?
During the winter months, the tree aeonium lies dormant so its water requirements are at their lowest. It is essential to reduce watering significantly during this period to avoid root rot, a common winter occurrence due to decreased evaporation. Be particularly mindful of the plant's environment - if it is exposed to winter sunlight, it may require slightly more water.
What Expert Tips Can Enhance Tree Aeonium Watering Routine?
Watering Tools:
Using a watering can with a narrow spout can help direct water to the base of the plant, avoiding wet leaves and potential rot.
Morning Watering:
Watering tree aeonium in the morning allows the foliage to dry off during the day, which reduces the risk of fungal diseases.
Soil Moisture Test:
Digging a few inches into the soil can provide a more accurate assessment of the moisture level. If the soil feels dry at this depth, it's time to water.
Avoid Over-watering:
Over-watering can lead to root rot in tree aeonium. It's best to wait until the top inch of soil has dried out before watering again.
Signs of Thirst:
When tree aeonium is thirsty, its leaves will start to wrinkle or become soft. This is a clear indicator that watering is needed.
Rain Adjustments:
During extended rain periods, adjust the watering frequency to prevent waterlogged soil. Decrease the frequency or skip watering if the soil is already saturated.
Heatwave Adjustments:
During a heatwave, tree aeonium may require more frequent watering due to increased evaporation rates. Monitor the soil moisture closely and water when necessary.
Stress Watering:
If tree aeonium shows signs of stress, like wilting or yellowing leaves, it may need extra water. Provide deep, thorough watering to help the plant recover.
Considering Hydroponics? How to Manage a Water-Grown Tree Aeonium?
Overview of Hydroponics
Tree aeonium is a plant that can be grown hydroponically, which means it can be grown without soil using a water-based nutrient solution. Hydroponics is a method of growing plants that offers various benefits, including efficient use of water and nutrients, faster growth rates, and the ability to control environmental conditions more precisely.
Best Hydroponic System
The deep water culture (DWC) system is well-suited for tree aeonium. In this system, the plant's roots are submerged in a nutrient-rich water solution while being oxygenated by an air pump. DWC ensures ample oxygen supply for the roots and allows for the easy monitoring and adjustment of nutrient levels.
Nutrient Solution Requirements
For optimal growth, tree aeonium prefers a balanced nutrient solution with an EC (electrical conductivity) level of 1.2-1.8 and a pH range of 5.8-6.2. It's important to regularly monitor and adjust the nutrient solution to maintain these levels. Changing the nutrient solution every 2-3 weeks is recommended.
Challenges and Common Issues
When growing tree aeonium hydroponically, root rot can be a common issue. It is crucial to maintain proper oxygenation in the root zone and avoid overwatering. Nutrient imbalances can also occur if the nutrient solution is not properly balanced. Additionally, tree aeonium requires adequate light for photosynthesis, so providing sufficient artificial or natural light is essential.
Monitoring Plant Health
Regularly monitor tree aeonium for signs of stress, such as wilting, yellowing leaves, or stunted growth. Since hydroponic plants have different symptoms compared to soil-grown plants, it's important to be familiar with tree aeonium's specific signs of nutrient deficiencies or imbalances, such as interveinal chlorosis or leaf tip burn.

Regularly monitor tree aeonium for signs of stress, such as wilting, yellowing leaves, or stunted growth.
Adjusting Hydroponic Environment
As tree aeonium grows, adjust the hydroponic environment accordingly. Increase the nutrient solution concentration as the plant matures, and adjust the lighting intensity and duration based on the plant's growth stage. It's important to provide the right conditions to support healthy growth.
Nutrient Solution
Tree aeonium prefers a balanced nutrient solution with an EC level of 1.2-1.8 and a pH range of 5.8-6.2 for optimal growth.
Hydroponic System
The deep water culture (DWC) system is recommended for growing tree aeonium hydroponically.
Challenges
Common challenges when growing tree aeonium hydroponically include root rot, nutrient imbalances, and light requirements.
Adjusting Environment
Adjust the hydroponic environment as tree aeonium grows, including nutrient solution concentration and lighting intensity.
Nutrient Change Frequency
Change the nutrient solution every 2-3 weeks for optimal growth.
Light Requirements
Tree aeonium requires adequate light for photosynthesis. Provide artificial or natural light as needed.
Important Symptoms
Overwatering
Overwatering can easily lead to disease symptoms in Tree aeonium, as it has evolved mechanisms to survive drought conditions. For instance, the plant stores water in its tissues, closes its stomata, and reduces water loss. Symptoms of overwatering include yellowing leaves, brown or black spots, leaf rot...
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Brown or black spots
Excessive watering can damage the plant's root system, making it vulnerable to fungal infections. The plant may develop dark brown to black spots that spread upwards from the lower leaves which are usually the first to be affected.
Leaf rot
Overwatering can cause the leaves to become waterlogged, leading to rotting when the environment is humid.
Soft or mushy stems
Excess water can cause stems to become soft and mushy, as the cells become waterlogged and lose their structural integrity.
Root rot
Excess water in the soil can lead to the growth of harmful fungi and bacteria, causing the roots to rot and eventually kill the plant.
Increased susceptibility diseases
Overwatering plants may become more susceptible and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Solutions
1. Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness. Wait for soil to dry before watering.2. Increase soil aeration by loosening surface and gently stirring with a wooden stick or chopstick.3. Optimize environment with good ventilation and warmth to enhance water evaporation and prevent overwatering.
Underwatering
For Tree aeonium, it is not prone to experiencing plant health issues due to lack of watering. However, it is possible to suffer from dehydration if watering is consistently forgotten for an extended period. Symptoms of dehydration include wilting, yellowing leaves, root damage...
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Wilting
Due to the dry soil and insufficient water absorption by the roots, the leaves of the plant will appear limp, droopy, and lose vitality.
Root damage
Prolonged underwatering can cause root damage, making it difficult for the plant to absorb water even when it is available.
Slow growth
The plant may exhibit delayed development or slow growth due to not receiving enough water to support its growth.
Increased susceptibility to pests and diseases
Underwatered plants may become more susceptible to pests and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Solutions
1. Thoroughly saturate soil with slow ring watering to ensure uniform and sufficient moisture for plants. 2. Increase air humidity with water trays or misting to slow leaf water evaporation. 3. Watering according to the recommended frequency.Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness.
Watering Troubleshooting for Tree Aeonium
Why are the leaves of my tree aeonium turning yellow?
This is typically a sign of overwatering. Tree aeonium prefers dry conditions and doesn't need a lot of water. Reduce the frequency of watering, ensuring the soil completely dries out between watering sessions. This will help to prevent root rot and the yellowing of leaves.
My tree aeonium's leaves are shriveling up, what could be the problem?
This behavior commonly points towards underwatering. While tree aeonium is a drought-tolerant plant, it still requires water to flourish. Water your plant generously, then allow the soil to thoroughly dry before watering again. If your ambient humidity is low, consider misting the leaves in addition to watering the soil.
Why is my tree aeonium losing leaves?
Leaf loss is often a symptom of water stress, either from too much or too little water. Make sure you're watering your tree aeonium properly — not too much (which can cause root rot) or too little (which can cause dehydration). The soil should be completely dry before you water the plant again.
Why are the tips of my tree aeonium leaves turning brown?
Brown leaf tips on your tree aeonium can be an indication of overwatering or poor drainage resulting in waterlogged soil. Make sure your plant's container has sufficient drainage and that you are not overwatering. Adjust your watering schedule appropriate to the season and current weather conditions.
My tree aeonium appears to be wilting, what could be wrong?
A wilting tree aeonium can be a result of overwatering. This plant prefers soil that dries out completely between watering. Adjust your watering schedule, making sure the soil is completely dry before the next watering. If overwatering continues, the plant may develop root rot and die.
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Lighting
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Tree aeonium thrives in environments that mimic its origin, where it was exposed to abundant sun. It can also endure periods of less intense sun, though this might slow its development. Not receiving sufficient sunlight may stress the plant, impairing its growth and health, while overly harsh daylight can be detrimental, potentially scorching the leaves.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Insufficient light
Tree aeonium is a beloved choice for indoor gardening, and they require strong light to thrive. However, when placed in rooms with suboptimal lighting, they may develop symptoms of light deficiency.
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Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your tree aeonium may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Slower or no new growth
Tree aeonium enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Excessive light
Tree aeonium require strong light to thrive, and some are remarkably resilient to sun exposure, rarely suffering from sunburn.
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Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Tree aeonium prefers a temperature range of 68 to 100℉ (20 to 38℃). It is native to environments with warm temperatures and mild winters. During the summer, it can tolerate higher temperatures, but during the cooler months, it is best to keep it above 50℉ (10℃) to avoid damage to the foliage.
Regional wintering strategies
Winter is the growing season for Tree aeonium, so it is important to maintain temperatures above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min} for optimal growth. When the outdoor temperature drops below {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}, it is advisable to bring the plant indoors to a well-lit area. Increase watering when the temperature is higher and reduce watering when it approaches {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. If overwintering the plant outdoors, it should be placed in a sheltered area with ample sunlight. Consider setting up a temporary greenhouse for protection if the outdoor temperature is consistently low and keep the plant adequately moist.
Important Symptoms
Low Temperature
Tree aeonium is not tolerant of extremely cold temperatures. It thrives best when the temperature is between {Suitable_growth_temperature_min} and {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, the leaves will exhibit water-soaked necrosis and wilting. In cases of mild frost damage, there may not be any initial symptoms, but after a week, the leaves will significantly wilt and eventually fall off.
Solutions
Trim off the frostbitten areas. Immediately move indoors to a warm environment or set up a makeshift greenhouse for cold protection. When placing the plant indoors, choose a location near a south-facing window to ensure ample sunlight. When using a makeshift greenhouse, pay attention to ventilation to avoid plant decay due to poor airflow.
High Temperature
During summer, Tree aeonium should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the plant will enter a dormant state, and it becomes more prone to rot in high humidity conditions.
Solutions
Remove the dry and rotten parts. Move the plant to a partially shaded area, providing protection from direct sunlight during midday and afternoon. Stop watering the plant until the weather becomes cooler.
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Transplant
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How to Successfully Transplant Tree Aeonium?
For tree aeonium, it's ideal to transplant during mid to late spring or mid to late fall, as these seasons provide the optimal temperature and moisture conditions. Choose a location with well-draining soil and partial to full sun exposure. Remember, a gentle touch is key while handling tree aeonium during transplanting.
What Preparations are Needed Before Transplanting Tree Aeonium?
What is the Ideal Time for Transplanting Tree Aeonium?
The ideal season for transplanting tree aeonium is mid-spring to late spring, or mid-fall to late fall. During these periods, the mild temperatures and stable soil conditions promote healthy root establishment. Transplanting tree aeonium in these seasons ensures strong growth and a thriving plant.
How Much Space Should You Leave Between Tree Aeonium Plants?
When transplanting tree aeonium, make sure to give each plant enough space by placing them about 2-3 feet (60-90 cm) apart from each other. This will provide enough room for their growth, while keeping your garden looking tidy.
What is the Best Soil Mix for Tree Aeonium Transplanting?
For transplanting tree aeonium, prepare well-draining soil with a mix of sand and potting mix. You can use a cactus or succulent mix as a base. Add some slow-release fertilizer to give your plants the nutrients they need to flourish.
Where Should You Relocate Your Tree Aeonium?
Choose a location that receives full sun or partial shade for your tree aeonium. They are sun-loving plants and require at least 6 hours of sunlight daily to thrive. Avoid areas with excessive heat and protect them from strong, hot winds.
What Equipments Should You Prepare Before Transplantation Tree Aeonium?
Gardening Gloves
To protect your hands while working with the soil and plant.
Shovel or Spade
To dig around the plant and gently lift it out of the ground or pot.
Trowel
To create a hole in the new location for the tree aeonium plant.
Pruner or Scissors
To trim any damaged or unhealthy roots.
Watering Can or Garden Hose
For watering the plant during the transplant process.
Stakes and String (optional)
To support the tree aeonium plant if it's larger or has weak stems.
Organic Compost or Well-Rotted Manure
To promote strong root development and improve soil quality.
How Do You Remove Tree Aeonium from the Soil?
- From Ground: First, water the tree aeonium plant to dampen the soil. Then, dig a wide trench around the plant using a shovel or spade, ensuring the plant's root ball remains intact. Carefully work the spade under the root ball to lift the plant from its original location.
- From Pot: Water the plant well and allow it to drain. Gently lay the pot on its side and lightly tap the sides to loosen the root ball. If necessary, slide a knife or trowel along the inside edge of the pot to help release the plant. Carefully remove the plant, keeping the root ball as intact as possible.
- From Seedling Tray: Once the tree aeonium seedlings have developed a few true leaves, gently hold onto the base of the stem to support the plant. Use a trowel or your fingers to slowly loosen the soil around the root ball, and then lift the plant from the seedling tray.
Step-by-Step Guide for Transplanting Tree Aeonium
Step1 Preparing the New Location
In the new planting area, prepare the soil by mixing in organic compost or well-rotted manure to improve the soil quality.
Step2 Digging a Hole
Use a trowel to dig a hole that is slightly bigger than the tree aeonium plant's root ball, and at the same depth as the plant was growing in its original location.
Step3 Preparing the Plant
Gently remove any damaged or unhealthy roots from the tree aeonium plant using a pruner or scissors.
Step4 Planting
Place the tree aeonium plant in the hole and backfill with soil, ensuring the plant is at the same depth as it was previously. Gently firm the soil around the base of the plant to eliminate air pockets.
Step5 Watering
Water the tree aeonium plant thoroughly after planting to help settle the soil and provide needed moisture.
Step6 Support (optional)
If the tree aeonium plant is larger or has weak stems, use stakes and string to support it until it becomes established.
How Do You Care For Tree Aeonium After Transplanting?
Watering
Ensure the soil around the tree aeonium plant stays consistently moist but not soggy for the first few weeks after transplanting to help establish strong roots.
Pruning
Remove any dead, damaged, or diseased foliage from the tree aeonium plant after transplanting to encourage new growth.
Monitoring
Keep an eye on the tree aeonium plant for any signs of distress, such as wilting, yellowing leaves, or stunted growth, and address any issues as needed.
Pest Control
Check the tree aeonium plant regularly for any possible pest infestations and treat them promptly to prevent damage to the plant.
Troubleshooting Common Issues with Tree Aeonium Transplantation.
When should I transplant my tree aeonium?
Transplant your tree aeonium during mid to late spring or mid to late fall for the best results.
What is the ideal spacing for transplanting tree aeonium?
Maintain a spacing of around 2-3 feet (60-90 cm) between each plant during transplantation.
How do I prepare the soil for transplanting tree aeonium?
Use well-draining soil, and add some compost or slow-release fertilizer to enrich it.
How deep should I plant my tree aeonium when transplanting?
Plant tree aeonium at the same depth as their original pot, ensuring the roots are covered.
How should I water tree aeonium after transplanting?
Water the plant thoroughly right after transplanting, then water periodically to keep the soil moist.
Do I need to stake my tree aeonium after transplanting?
Staking is not necessary but can provide support for larger plants if needed.
How much sunlight does tree aeonium need when transplanting?
Plant tree aeonium where it can receive at least 6 hours of sunlight daily, with some afternoon shade.
What should I do if the roots of my tree aeonium are damaged while transplanting?
Trim damaged roots gently with a sterilized utility knife or pruner before transplanting.
What is the ideal container size for transplanting tree aeonium?
Choose a container 2 inches (5 cm) larger than the rootball to allow room for growth.
How do I acclimate my tree aeonium to its new location after transplanting?
Place the plant in a partially-shaded area for a few days, gradually increasing sunlight exposure.
Discover care info about seasonal tips, plant diseases, and more?
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