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FAQ

How to Care for Spider Plant

Spider plant (Chlorophytum capense) is a perennial herb related to asparagus. In nurseries, the spider plant is sometimes mistakenly referred to as Chlorophytum capense, because the spider plant's latin name is Chlorophytum comosum. Spider plant grows in California within the United States.
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care_basic_guide

Basic Care Guide

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Cultivation:WaterDetail

How to Water Spider plant?

Spider plant prefers a humid environment and needs continually moist potting soil. In summer, watering is recommended once every morning and evening, and spraying of water to the leaves once or twice a day during vigorous growth to increase air humidity. Water once a day in spring and fall. In winter, the watering frequency can be appropriately reduced, and watering can be done once every 4-5 days. Without regular watering, it may turn yellow and withered and its ornamental value will be reduced. Water thoroughly every time until the soil is saturated and excess water is fully drained from the drain hole at the bottom of the flowerpot.
Cultivation:WaterDetail
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What is the best way to water my Spider plant?
When watering the Spider plant, you should aim to use filtered water that is at room temperature. Filtered water is better for this plant, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to its health. The reason that the water should be at room temperature or slightly warmer is that the Spider plant comes from a warm environment, and cold water can be somewhat of a shock to its system. Also, you should avoid overhead watering for this plant, as it can cause foliage complications. Instead, simply apply your filtered room temperature water to the soil until the soil is entirely soaked. Soaking the soil can be very beneficial for this plant as it moistens the roots and helps them continue to spread through the soil and collect the nutrients they need.
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What should I do if I water my Spider plant too much or too little?
Both overwatering and underwatering will be detrimental to the health of your Spider plant, but overwatering is a far more common issue. When this species receives too much water, its stems and leaves may begin to wilt and turn from green to yellow. Overwatering over a prolonged period may also lead to diseases such as root rot, mold, and mildew, all of which can kill your plant. Underwatering is far less common for the Spider plant, as this plant has decent drought tolerance. However, underwatering remains a possibility, and when it occurs, you can expect to find that the leaves of your Spider plant have become brittle and brown.
It is crucial that you notice the signs of overwatering as soon as possible when caring for your Spider plant. Some of the diseases that arise from overwatering, such as root rot, may not be correctable if you wait too long. If you see early signs of overwatering, you should reduce your watering schedule immediately. You may also want to assess the quality of soil in which your Spider plant grows. If you find that the soil drains very poorly, you should replace it immediately with a loose, well-draining potting mix. On the other hand, if you find signs that your Spider plant is receiving too little water, all you need to do is water more regularly until those signs have subsided.
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How often should I water my Spider plant?
If your plant is in a pot. The most precise way to decide whether your Spider plant needs water is to plunge your finger into the soil. If you notice that the first two to three inches of soil have become dry, it is time to add some water.
If you grow your Spider plant outdoors in the ground, you can use a similar method to test the soil. Again, when you find that the first few inches of soil have dried out, it is time to add water. During the spring and early fall, this method will often lead you to water this plant about once every week. When extremely hot weather arrives, you may need to increase your watering frequency to about twice or more per week. With that said, mature, well-established the Spider plant can show an admirable ability to withstand drought.
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How much water does my Spider plant need?
When it comes time to water your Spider plant, you should not be shy about how much water you give. With the first two to three inches of soil dry, this plant will appreciate a long and thorough watering. Supply enough water to soak the soil entirely. The amount of water you add should be enough to cause excess water to flow through the drainage holes at the bottom of your pot. If you don’t see excess water draining from the pot, you have likely underwatered your plant. But do not let the water accumulate inside the soil, which will be very dangerous to the plant as well. Alternatively, a lack of water draining through the pot could indicate poorly draining soils, which is detrimental to the health of this plant and should be avoided. If the plant is outside, 1 inch of rain per week will be sufficient.
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How should I water my Spider plant at different growth stages?
The water needs of the Spider plant can change depending on growth stages as well. For example, when your Spider plant is in the first few years of its life, or if you have just transplanted it to a new growing location, you will need to give more water than usual. During both of those stages, your Spider plant will put a lot of energy towards sprouting new roots that will then support future growth. For those roots to perform their best, they need a bit more moisture than they would at a more mature phase. After a few seasons, your Spider plant will need much less water. Another growth stage in which this plant may need more water is during the bloom period. Flower development can make use of a significant amount of moisture, which is why you might need to give your Spider plant more water at this time.
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How should I water my Spider plant through the seasons?
The Spider plant will have its highest water needs during the hottest months of the year. During the height of summer, you may need to give this plant water more than once per week, depending on how fast the soil dries out. The opposite is true during the winter. In winter, your plant will enter a dormant phase, in which it will need far less water than usual. In fact, you may not need to water this plant at all during the winter months. However, if you do water during winter, you should not do so more than about once per month. Watering too much at this time will make it more likely that your Spider plant will contract a disease.
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What's the difference between watering my Spider plant indoors and outdoors?
It is most common to grow the Spider plant indoors for any gardener that does not live in temperate and tropical regions. Those gardeners should consider the fact that soil in a container can dry out a bit faster than ground soil. Also, the presence of drying elements such as air conditioning units can cause your Spider plant to need water on a more frequent basis as well. if you planted it outside. When that is the case, it’s likely you won’t need to water your Spider plant very much at all. If you receive rainfall on a regular basis, that may be enough to keep your plant alive. Alternatively, those who grow this plant inside will need to water it more often, as allowing rainwater to soak the soil will not be an option.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail

How to Fertilize Spider plant?

Nitrogen, phosphate and organic fertilizer are mainly used for spider plant. Apply organic liquid fertilizer every 7-10 days in spring, summer and fall. The growth of spider plant is slow at temperatures higher than 30 ℃ in summer and lower than 10 ℃in winter. Excessive fertilization will lead to accumulation of fertilizer and cause root rot. In that case, fertilization should be avoided or the frequency should be reduced.

Fertilizer

Spider plant grow throughout many regions of the world and are often some of the best plants to use for foliage gardens. If you want to reap the full benefits of growing a Spider plant, in your garden, you should understand the basics of its care routine, with special consideration for fertilization. The information below will answer some of the most important questions related to fertilizing a Spider plant.
The leaves of the Spider plant comprise most of its main structure, and fertilization is one of the most impactful ways that you can ensure that those leaves look great while also serving their function. Proper fertilization will help your Spider plant hold leaves with consistent color and a healthy texture. Fertilization also works below the soil's surface to help your Spider plant generate new roots and maintain the roots that are already part of the root system. This means that fertilization will not just keep your plant healthy now, but it will also help your plant be better capable of absorbing soil nutrients in the future.
If you grow your Spider plant outdoors each year, this perennial plant will send new growth shooting out in early spring. The emergence of those leaves is a sign that the time is right to begin fertilization for the year. Often, a Spider plant will perform just fine with a single application of fertilizer when the spring arrives. However, if you wish to maximize the growth of your Spider plant, you can repeat the feeding multiple times throughout the spring and early summer. If you choose this route, you can feed your Spider plant about once every month to a month and a half.
Fortunately, choosing the best fertilizer for a Spider plant is a very straightforward task. These plants will thrive on a general-purpose garden fertilizer that has equal amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. A fertilizer that has a ratio of 10-10-10 or something similar will be very effective. When in doubt, be sure to avoid fertilizers that have high amounts of nitrogen.
Most of the best fertilizer for a Spider plant will come in a granular form. These fertilizers should be slow-release and will be very easy to apply to the soil. It can also be helpful to feed your Spider plant using an organic soil amendment such as compost.
Wait until your Spider plant has just barely poked its first leaves through the soil's surface in early spring. Once you see that sign, apply a granular slow-release fertilizer with a balanced formula to the soil that surrounds the base of your Spider plant. You can repeat a similar process later in the season if you choose. When reapplying fertilizer to a Spider plant, you should, again, apply the fertilizer to the soil at the base of the plant rather than to the plant itself. At times, this may require you to move some leaves out of the way to access the soil above the roots. It's also often a good choice to water your Spider plant before and after you feed it.
The Spider plant doesn't necessarily need to receive high volumes of fertilizer each year, which means overfertilization is entirely possible. If you overfertilize your Spider plant, you will likely notice first that the leaves have turned brown.
Overfertilization of Spider plant is especially common if you use a fertilizer that has higher concentrations of nitrogen. High nitrogen content will likely cause the leaves of your Spider plant to become discolored, lose much of their moisture, and begin curling at the margins. Many gardeners avoid such complications by limiting fertilization of their Spider plant to once per year in early spring.
In the late fall and winter, your Spider plant will enter a dormant phase in which it will no longer produce new growth. At this time, you should avoid fertilizing your Spider plant. If you choose to fertilize multiple times during spring and summer, you should begin reducing your fertilization rate as summer approaches, as your Spider plant 's growth rate will also slow.
Overall, it is never a wise choice to fertilize your Spider plant during times when the weather is unseasonably hot or when the soil is extraordinarily dry. Fertilizing in either of those cases can stress your Spider plant and cause it to perish prematurely.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail
Why do I need to fertilize my Spider plant?
The leaves of the Spider plant comprise most of its main structure, and fertilization is one of the most impactful ways that you can ensure that those leaves look great while also serving their function. Proper fertilization will help your Spider plant hold leaves with consistent color and a healthy texture.
Fertilization also works below the soil's surface to help your Spider plant generate new roots and maintain the roots that are already part of the root system. This means that fertilization will not just keep your plant healthy now, but it will also help your plant be better capable of absorbing soil nutrients in the future.
Read More more
When is the best time to fertilize my Spider plant?
If you grow your Spider plant outdoors each year, this perennial plant will send new growth shooting out in early spring. The emergence of those leaves is a sign that the time is right to begin fertilization for the year.
Often, a Spider plant will perform just fine with a single application of fertilizer when the spring arrives. However, if you wish to maximize the growth of your Spider plant, you can repeat the feeding multiple times throughout the spring and early summer. If you choose this route, you can feed your Spider plant about once every month to a month and a half.
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When should I avoid fertilizing my Spider plant?
In the late fall and winter, your Spider plant will enter a dormant phase in which it will no longer produce new growth. At this time, you should avoid fertilizing your Spider plant. If you choose to fertilize multiple times during spring and summer, you should begin reducing your fertilization rate as summer approaches, as your Spider plant 's growth rate will also slow.
Overall, it is never a wise choice to fertilize your Spider plant during times when the weather is unseasonably hot or when the soil is extraordinarily dry. Fertilizing in either of those cases can stress your Spider plant and cause it to perish prematurely.
Read More more
What type of fertilizer does my Spider plant need?
Fortunately, choosing the best fertilizer for a Spider plant is a very straightforward task. These plants will thrive on a general-purpose garden fertilizer that has equal amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. A fertilizer that has a ratio of 10-10-10 or something similar will be very effective. When in doubt, be sure to avoid fertilizers that have high amounts of nitrogen.
Most of the best fertilizer for a Spider plant will come in a granular form. These fertilizers should be slow-release and will be very easy to apply to the soil. It can also be helpful to feed your Spider plant using an organic soil amendment such as compost.
Read More more
How do I fertilize my Spider plant?
Wait until your Spider plant has just barely poked its first leaves through the soil's surface in early spring. Once you see that sign, apply a granular slow-release fertilizer with a balanced formula to the soil that surrounds the base of your Spider plant.
You can repeat a similar process later in the season if you choose. When reapplying fertilizer to a Spider plant, you should, again, apply the fertilizer to the soil at the base of the plant rather than to the plant itself. At times, this may require you to move some leaves out of the way to access the soil above the roots. It's also often a good choice to water your Spider plant before and after you feed it.
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What happens if I fertilize my Spider plant too much?
The Spider plant doesn't necessarily need to receive high volumes of fertilizer each year, which means overfertilization is entirely possible. If you overfertilize your Spider plant, you will likely notice first that the leaves have turned brown.
Overfertilization of Spider plant is especially common if you use a fertilizer that has higher concentrations of nitrogen. High nitrogen content will likely cause the leaves of your Spider plant to become discolored, lose much of their moisture, and begin curling at the margins. Many gardeners avoid such complications by limiting fertilization of their Spider plant to once per year in early spring.
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Cultivation:SunlightDetail

What Are the Sunlight Requirements for Spider plant?

Spider plant prefers partial shade environments and is resistant to low light, so it is suitable for growth under medium light conditions. Direct exposure to strong sunlight should be avoided in spring and fall. 50%-70% of the sunlight should be shielded when there is especially strong sunlight in summer. Otherwise, the leaf tips can turn yellow and wither. In winter, the light should be increased to ensure normal growth of plants and fresh, tender green leaves. It should be placed 61 to 152 cm from a sunny window in the room.
Cultivation:SunlightDetail
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What type of sunlight does Spider plant need?
Spider plant typically needs full, indirect sunlight in order to thrive indoors. This means that the plant should be exposed to bright sunlight that doesn’t hit it directly from a window or another light source, like a grow light. You can easily protect it from direct sunlight by placing a sheer curtain between your Spider plant and the window, or by placing it behind a part of the window with a dark screen.
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How can I avoid damaging new Spider plant with sunlight?
If this is your first time bringing your Spider plant home, then it might be a good idea to try to ease it into the sunlight it needs, rather than place it in bright, indirect light right away. Over the course of two weeks or so, you can slowly move your plant into the sunlight to avoid shock or burning of the leaves from sudden intense light exposure. By easing it into the light, your Spider plant is much more likely to adapt to your home environment well.
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How can I tell if Spider plant is getting too much light?
Spider plant is one that can easily sunburn with too much sunlight. In the wild, these plants only receive mild, dappled light, filtered down from tree canopies. While they need more light than that to grow in our homes, too much can certainly cause issues. If your Spider plant is getting too much light, you’ll notice that the foliage begins to look bleached or washed out, the tips of leaves may turn yellow or brown and crispy, and it may even grow too quickly to support itself.
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What should I do if my Spider plant gets light damage?
Sunburn for plants is much less severe than sunburn for people. While it may look unsightly, crispy, burnt leaves can be removed if they’re too far damaged to recover, or over half of the leaf is damaged. However, you can also try trimming back the leaves just to remove any sunburn damage in an effort to save them, if there’s not too much discoloration. Move your Spider plant away from its light source to avoid future light damage.
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Does Spider plant need different light during different growth stages?
While some plants may be ready to face the sweltering sun straight out of the ground, Spider plant needs some time to build itself up enough to tolerate bright light. Propagated cuttings should receive only moderate indirect light, while new leaves during the growing season should be shielded a bit as well. The tender new leaves are more prone to sunburn than any other part of the plant.
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How can I tell if Spider plant isn’t getting enough light?
Fortunately, plants can communicate in their own language to convey whether they have adequate sunlight or not. Like most plants, your Spider plant will tell you if it isn’t getting enough sunlight. The most visible sign is when your plant becomes particularly dark, or there is no new growth on the plant from one season to the next. You’ll also notice that leaves that do grow in may remain smaller than others, since there isn’t enough light to photosynthesize to support large new leaves.
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How much sunlight should Spider plant get each day?
Depending on how bright the sunlight is that your Spider plant gets, the number of hours in a day may vary. If you have your plant in bright, indirect light, then there’s no need to try to restrict or increase the amount of time your plant gets this light each day. However, if light is less bright or further away from your Spider plant, then you can try to aim for at least eight hours of full light per day.
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Cultivation:PruningDetail

How to Prune Spider plant?

Yellow and withered leaves should be pruned right away to avoid nutrient consumption and promote plants to grow new leaves.
Cultivation:PruningDetail
Is pruning necessary for my Spider plant?
It is helpful to lightly prune this plant periodically during the spring and summer. When performing this light pruning, you should search for leaves that have wilted, become discolored, show signs of disease, or have died completely. Remove dead or damaged leaves by cutting their petioles, or trimming off stems that have died. This will increase the light and ventilation of the plant and help it to grow. Some gardeners also choose to remove the flower buds of the Spider plant. However, removing flower buds before they open is a strictly aesthetic decision that will emphasize the beauty of this plant’s showy leaves.
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When should I prune my Spider plant?
You can prune your Spider plant any time you notice dead, diseased, or damaged leaves during the growing season. Once you notice such a leave, locate an unwanted leaf, then follow its stem all the way to the bottom of petiole. Removing dead stems will increase the light and ventilation of the plant and help it to grow. you can cut its stem just above the soil’s surface to remove it. Such pruning can take place as needed during spring and summer. Also, this plant can bloom any time between spring and fall, and some gardeners choose to remove flower buds before they have a chance to open. Removing unopened flower buds allows this plant to focus most of its growing energy on its beautiful leaves. However, pruning in this manner does not necessarily influence the plant’s overall health.
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How do I prune my Spider plant?
Pruning the Spider plant is as easy as waiting until you notice dead or damaged leaves on your plant. When you recognize these leaves, equip yourself with a pair of sharp and sterile hand pruning shears. Hand pruning shears will work best as larger tools like loppers will not be well suited to the precise cuts you need to make. Once you have a proper set of pruning tools, locate an unwanted leaf, then follow its stem all the way to the bottom of petiole. Removing dead stems will increase the light and ventilation of the plant and help it to grow. Cut the stem just above where it exits the soil to remove it entirely. If you wish to stop this plant from flowering, you can use the same pruning shears to remove any buds before they open. Finally, you may prefer to just trim off dead or damaged portions of the plant, including deadheading spent flowers, to keep it looking its best. This can be done at any time of year. Diseased or damaged stems should be cut right at the soil line and removed completely. Blooms should be cut off just below the flower head.
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What should I do after pruning my Spider plant?
Since pruning for the Spider plant should take place periodically throughout the season, what you do after pruning can vary. For instance, if you prune to remove selected leaves and stems from your Spider plant, you won’t need to do anything except continue your regular maintenance routine. At times, you may choose to remove healthier leaves and include them in a display of cut flowers and foliage. However, there is no crucial maintenance task to perform for this plant after typical pruning. The only thing to note is that when watering after pruning, you need to be careful not to touch the wound to prevent fungus from infecting the plant through the fresh wound. Placing Spider plant in a well-ventilated location will also help the wounds to dry out and heal in time. The timely replenishment of Spider plant after pruning will help the Spider plant to recover as soon as possible.
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Are there any important tips when pruning my Spider plant?
For your major pruning, use sharp pruning sheers that will make clean cuts to avoid damaging your plants. As you are pruning your Spider plant, step back occasionally to check the appearance of the plant to make sure it has the shape you want and that you are pruning it symmetrically. If the overall growth of the plant is weak, the flowers need to be pruned back in time for flowering to be able to save nutrients for leaf growth and allow the plant to grow more vigorously.
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Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail

What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Spider plant?

Spider plant originates from southern Africa. It prefers warm and humid environments and has good adaptability. It grows at temperatures in the range of 13 to 27 ℃, preferably at 20 to 24 ℃. It may stop growing above 30 ℃ and grow slowly or be dormant at very low temperatures. Its overwintering temperature is not lower than 10 ℃ due to its poor cold resistance. It is more adaptive in a humid environment, but it is also tolerant of drought. It is better for the air to be moist when planting. If the air is dry, the leaves of the plant will curl or the leaf tip will turn yellow and withered.
Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail
What is the optimal temperature for Spider plant?
Colder temperatures can affect plants since they have the same temperature as the air around them. When they are exposed to the sun, they can start to get warm again, but this is not the case during winter. The temperature range for the Spider plant is often 70~85℉(21~30℃). They might tolerate 20~30℉(-6~0℃) even 15℉(-10℃), but not for long since this can result in frost damage. Maximum temperatures should be around 70~85℉(21~30℃), but make sure that you spray them with water from time to time and give them some shade to prevent wilting.
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Should I adjust the temperature for Spider plant during different growing phases?
Do some research and make sure that the temperature is right when growing Spider plant. Some growers might consider decreasing the plants' thermostats during the growing season to reduce HVAC costs. However, it's vital to understand that the temperature can affect the flowering, pest management, and quality of the plants.
There will be a temperature point where the Spider plant will stop growing, and this can happen during the winter when some species might go into a dormant state. The base temperature becomes warmer when the season changes and the Spider plant can grow faster. The species that are naturally growing in warm habitats have higher optimum temperatures when you compare them to the ones that thrive in a cooler climate.
When the seeds of Spider plant are exposed to cool temperatures, this can cause a decrease in uniformity and delays. You might also want to lower the temperature during flowering but not at other phases. Cooler temperatures at night will also require less water, so adjust the irrigation as needed.
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How can I keep Spider plant warm in cold seasons?
Stop fertilizing the plant to avoid new growth and allow the old ones to become hardy. This way, they can endure colder temperature when it begins to drop. To keep them warm, you can build structures around the Spider plant like cages or trellises. There are also options to use heat mats that can gently warm the soil since they can consistently maintain an ideal temperature range for the Spider plant.
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How can I save Spider plant from temperature damage?
During winter, you can protect the Spider plant from frost by covering it with cloths, tarps, burlaps, sheets, or plastic buckets. Make sure to keep them down so they continue to act as insulators and the wind will not blow them away. However, ensure that the plastic sheets or burlap covers should not touch any part of the fruit or foliage, or the cold temperatures can transfer to the material and cause burns. When the temperatures begin to rise during the daytime, remove the covers.
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Should I adjust the temperature for Spider plant in different seasons?
When growing the Spider plant in spring, you might want to increase humidity since the air temperature tends to be cooler at this time. A dry temperature can be a stressful growing environment for various species, which can help. If summer arrives, the large cover of the greenhouse and the warm temperature will mean that there will be a higher humidity level in the air. Some signs to look for are the condensation that is often found on the walls of the greenhouse, and this can cause issues with pollination and the development of infections when the water begins to fall on the leaves. Make adjustments according to the temperature and do some spraying during the hotter days of the year.
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What damage will Spider plant suffer if the temperature is too high/low?
Generally, the first cold snap can destroy the Spider plant and others might go into a dormant state when the temperature is low. Some plants can get chilled when the temperatures range from 20~30℉(-6~0℃). They can freeze when the temperature begins to drop below 32℉(0℃). Those species that hide most of their parts under the soil might lose their structures above ground, but they can recover in spring. Some of the associated issues with too low temperatures are the lack of availability of resources like water, and nutrients, and those subtropical plants can suffer when the temperature reaches below 20℉(-6℃). The plants can also get damaged because of extreme heat stress when it's too high. This can reduce the transpiration rate that can affect the growth and productivity of Spider plant.
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What tips and cautions should I keep in mind when it comes to temperature for Spider plant?
You need to cover the plants at night since these can add about 5 degrees more to protect the species from frost and freezing temperatures. The cloth rows can work well as blankets and ensure that there are no openings where the heat could escape.
When using the covers, avoid the plastic from touching the foliage because this can cause the Spider plant to freeze. Remember to keep the covers during the day and stop using heat pads during the summer. It will always be worth the effort to protect the cold-intolerant plants from freezing temperatures to help them survive.
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How can I keep Spider plant warm without a heat pad?
If you prefer not to use a heat pad, bring the Spider plant inside, especially if it's freezing outdoors. During spring, consider the ones you need to bring indoors and plant them in moveable pots and containers.
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How can I provide Spider plant with an adequate temperature condition?
Most often, the ones caring for the Spider plant will grow them in greenhouses. This is because they can provide adequate temperature in these areas that won't affect the photosynthesis process of a specific process.
Some install the proper HVAC systems to control the temperatures of Spider plant. This can handle many species' cooling and heating needs, especially during the summer and winter. They generally place the cooling or heating pad under the plants rather than above to achieve their desired temperatures.
If outdoors, you can protect the Spider plant from frost by covering it with cloths, tarps, burlaps, sheets, or plastic buckets.
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Under what conditions should I stop adjusting the temperature for Spider plant?
Heat mats are often left on Spider plant to set the temperatures at a more consistent level. When the weather becomes warmer during the day, you can remove them, especially if the species are exposed to the sun. Put the pads away once the plants are established and when they start growing flowers and fruits.
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Cultivation:SoilDetail

What Soil is Best for Spider plant?

Spider plant has good adaptability to soil and is more suitable to grow in soil that is permeable and well-drained, loose and fertile, rich in humus, and with a pH value of 6-7. The potting culture medium should not be a single type of soil. It can be leaf mold or peat mixed with garden soil and river sand in equal volume. A small amount of fertilizer can be added as base fertilizer. The culture medium can also be composed of leaf mold and sandy soil mixed with a ratio of 3:7. Roots are prone to rot in cases of standing water and poor ventilation at the bottom of the pot. Changing the soil once a year is recommended and potting at least once every two years to ensure flourishing growth.
Cultivation:SoilDetail
Cultivation:PropagationDetail

How to Propagate Spider plant?

The reproduction method of spider plant is generally division propagation, and seed reproduction is rarely used. Division propagation can be carried out in all seasons except cold winters. Dense mother plants can be divided into multiple clusters and planted respectively when repotting in spring; small stolon plants can also be cut for planting. It is recommended to select well-drained and permeable cultivated soil that is rich in nutrition and can maintain moisture and fertilizer during reproduction, and transplant the plant into flowerpots after the root system is mature. The size of the flowerpot should be adapted to the size of the seedlings during cultivation. If the pot is too large, the seedlings will recover slowly and not grow well, but if the pot is too small, it will not have enough nutrition supply.

Propagation

Spider plant provides a unique decoration for your garden and this plant is relatively easy to propagate. If you want to propagate more Spider plant, our article will show you the method. You can propagate this plant by division. You can divide your plants either during the spring or the fall. If you divide during the spring, you should do so earlier in the season to give your plant a better chance of adapting to the division before the summer heat arrives. The same is true during fall, as you should divide early enough to give your plant time to recover before the cold winter temperatures arrive. Dividing a plant is not difficult to do, but it is much easier to perform when you have the right tools available to you. Here is a basic list of what you’ll need:
  1. A digging shovel or a knife (preferable one with a pointed blade rather than a flat one)
  2. Diluted bleach solution or isopropyl alcohol to clean tools
  3. A water source (garden hose, watering can, etc.)
Steps: Step 1: Use your shovel to dig around the entire parent plant and lift it out of the ground. Step 2: Loosen and separate the main roots to have a better idea of where to divide the plant. Step 3:You can just pull the above-ground part of the plant to separate Spider plant if it is easier. If the root system is tightly wound, use your shovel or knife to slice down through the root ball to divide the plant into two parts. Repeat if you have a large plant you wish to divide more than once. Diluted bleach solution or isopropyl alcohol is required to sterilize the tools before use. Step 4: Wait for the wounds caused by plant division to dry, re-plant your parent plant in its original place. Transplant the divided portion to a new growing location.

Spider plant provides a unique decoration for your garden and this plant is relatively easy to propagate. If you want to propagate more Spider plant, our article will show you the method. You can propagate this plant by division. You can divide your plants either during the spring or the fall. If you divide during the spring, you should do so earlier in the season to give your plant a better chance of adapting to the division before the summer heat arrives. The same is true during fall, as you should divide early enough to give your plant time to recover before the cold winter temperatures arrive. Dividing a plant is not difficult to do, but it is much easier to perform when you have the right tools available to you. Here is a basic list of what you’ll need:
  1. A digging shovel or a knife (preferable one with a pointed blade rather than a flat one)
  2. Diluted bleach solution or isopropyl alcohol to clean tools
  3. A water source (garden hose, watering can, etc.)
Steps: Step 1: Use your shovel to dig around the entire parent plant and lift it out of the ground. Step 2: Loosen and separate the main roots to have a better idea of where to divide the plant. Step 3:You can just pull the above-ground part of the plant to separate Spider plant if it is easier. If the root system is tightly wound, use your shovel or knife to slice down through the root ball to divide the plant into two parts. Repeat if you have a large plant you wish to divide more than once. Diluted bleach solution or isopropyl alcohol is required to sterilize the tools before use. Step 4: Wait for the wounds caused by plant division to dry, re-plant your parent plant in its original place. Transplant the divided portion to a new growing location.
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Cultivation:PropagationDetail
Cultivation:PlantingDetail

How to Plant Spider plant?

Spider plant is generally repotted in spring. The size of the flowerpot should not be too large, just a little larger than the root ball, because the roots of spider plant prefer to grow in a relatively closed environment. Cut withered, decayed, or redundant roots and replace the soil with new loose soil rich in humus when repotting. After planting, place it in a warm place with partial shade to allow it to recover slowly for 10-20 days. In the seedling stage, the root system is relatively weak and has poor nutrient absorption capacity. In environments with strong light or low temperature, it needs to consume more energy, which is not conducive to growth and recovery of the root system.
Cultivation:PlantingDetail
PlantCare:TransplantSummary

How to Transplant Spider plant?

The optimal time to transplant spider plant is between S1-S3, as this period promotes vigorous growth. Spider plant does well in bright, indirect light spots. Remember to let spider plant's soil dry out slightly before re-watering for a successful transplant.
PlantCare:TransplantSummary
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More Info on Spider Plant Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
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Lighting
Partial sun
Spider plant thrives under a moderate amount of light which is just enough to cast a shadow, but is able to endure generous sunlight exposure. Originating from environments with limited sun, it can become scorched with too much light intensity while insufficient light hinders its healthy growth.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
0 - 41 ℃
Spider plant is native to temperate climates, preferring a comfortable range of 68 to 95°F (20 to 35℃). Adjustments in care may be necessary during the colder months to maintain this temperature range.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Transplant
1-2 feet
The optimal time to transplant spider plant is between S1-S3, as this period promotes vigorous growth. Spider plant does well in bright, indirect light spots. Remember to let spider plant's soil dry out slightly before re-watering for a successful transplant.
Transplant Techniques
Feng shui direction
East
The spider plant aligns harmoniously with the energy of the East. As the East symbolizes Family & Health within Feng Shui, the vitality and adaptability of the spider plant support these attributes. However, aesthetic interpretation may vary with personal energy flow, so it may not resonate with every individual similarly.
Fengshui Details
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Seasonal Care Tips

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Seasonal Precautions

Attention should be paid to shading when the light is strong in summer. 50%-70% of the sunlight should be shielded during the day to prevent the leaves from yellowing and withering. In hot weather, stop fertilizing, keep the potting soil moist, and spray water on the leaves to cool. Increase humidity in dry weather. In winter, spider plant grows slowly. Reduce watering frequency and fertilization, and prevent root rot caused by accumulated water and fertilizer to promote growth and flowering of plants the following spring.
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Spring

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Summer

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Fall

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Winter

This plant requires some care in the spring.

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1
Every few years, divide large plants at the roots.
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Spring is also the time to sow seeds. Choose a sunny location and cover the seeds with about one inch of soil and water thoroughly.
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When new growth begins emerging, an application of all-purpose, balanced fertilizer will provide the necessary nutrients.
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Don’t forget to water when the top layer of soil begins drying out.
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Ensure the plant is receiving plenty of sunlight during the day.

The leaves on the plant do not thrive in bright sunshine in the summer.

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1
Keep container plants in a shaded area.
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Check the soil moisture level and increase watering frequency when rainfall is scarce. The soil may need checking daily to ensure it is not drying out.
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Keep an eye out for slugs, and other garden pests, especially if there is mulch around the plant.
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4
Cut back any spent flowers and remove any plant debris from the area.
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5
Continue regular fertilizing to help support fall flowering.

Continue watering and fertilizing your plant as long as it grows during the early fall season.

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1
Once the plants have entered a dormant stage, you can prune them back down to the ground; then, reduce watering.
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Use a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer regularly until the colder weather causes the plant to go dormant, then stop fertilizing.
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Ensure the plant still has plenty of sun during this time, placing them in locations that have full or partial sunlight.
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At the end of fall, after a hard frost, you can sow the seeds for your plant to propagate more plants.

As this plant goes dormant in cold weather, there’s not much care required for this plant. It's best to provide them with cold protection, however.

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After cutting back the stems, you can cover the beds with tarp or mulch to add a barrier against the chill winter winds and frost.
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Only water indoor or warmer-climate plants once the soil becomes dry to the touch, but for the most part you should leave this plant to itself during this season after providing it some shelter from the cold.
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Common Pests & Diseases

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Common issues for Spider plant based on 10 million real cases
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Solutions: Bacterial infections need to be treated quickly to prevent the spread to neighboring, healthy plants, potentially wiping out large sections of your indoor or outdoor garden. In mild cases: Use sterilized (10% bleach solution) pruning shears or scissors to remove any infected plant parts, making sure to dispose of them off site. Use a copper-based bactericide to treat the unaffected foliage, as well as the soil, and neighboring plants. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label. In severe cases, where more than half the leaves are affected: Remove all of the infected plants from the garden, disposing of them off site. Treat the soil and neighboring plants using a copper-based bactericide. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Underwatering
Underwatering Underwatering
Underwatering
Leaves may wilt for a variety of reasons.
Solutions: The easiest (and most obvious) way to address underwatering is to fully hydrate the plant. However, this must be done carefully. A common mistake that many gardeners make is to douse their underwatered plants with water. This can overwhelm the roots of the plant and shock its system, something that can be even more damaging than the lack of water to begin with. Instead, water thoroughly and slowly, taking breaks to let the water slowly saturate through the soil to get to the roots. Use room temperature water, as cold water might be too much of a shock. In the future, shorten the time between waterings. A good rule of thumb is to check the soil around each plant daily. If it’s dry to at least two inches down, it’s time to water. If a container plant is repeatedly drying out very quickly, repotting into a slower-draining container might be a good idea, too.
Scars
Scars Scars
Scars
Any light-colored markings that appear on stems but which do not enlarge or multiply are simply scars that have healed.
Solutions: Each source of scarring requires a different approach to help your plant recover. Protect the trunk and leaves from physical damage like scrapes. If pests or disease are the cause of scarring, isolate the plant from others to avoid further spread. Some pests can be removed with organic remedies such as a soft cloth and soapy water solution or diluted isopropyl alcohol spray. Stop sunburn by moving your plant away from direct sunlight and making sure it has the water it needs. Frequent leaf or bud loss may be due to insufficient light or nutrients.
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Leaf rot
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Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Overview
Overview
Leaf rot is very common among both house plants and garden plants. It affects foliage and occurs mainly when the leaves become wet due to rain or misting by the gardener. The cause is fungal disease and this is facilitated by the fungal spores adhering to wet leaves then penetrating the leaf and expanding rapidly. Damp conditions and poor air circulation will increase chances of infection taking place. Another factor are leaves that are damaged or have been penetrated by sap sucking insects that facilitate plant penetration.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  1. Spores are able to cling to a damp leaf and penetrate, often through an existing wound.
  2. A small dark brown mark appears which expands rapidly as sporulation starts to take place.
  3. Quite quickly these bull's eye like circles can link together and the whole leaf turns dark and loses texture.
  4. Leaf drop occurs.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
These symptoms are caused by a bacterial infection invading the plant. Bacteria from many sources in the environment (air, water, soil, diseased plants) enter a plant through wounds, or in some cases the stomata when they are open. Once inside the leaf tissue, the bacteria feed and reproduce quickly, breaking down healthy leaves.
Bacterial infections threaten most plant species, and are more prominent in wet weather that more easily transfers the bacteria from plant to plant, or from soil to plant.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
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Underwatering
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Underwatering
Leaves may wilt for a variety of reasons.
Overview
Overview
Underwatering plants is one of the quickest ways to kill them. This is something that most gardeners are well aware of. Unfortunately, knowing exactly how much water a plant needs can be tricky, especially considering that underwatering and overwatering present similar symptoms in plants.
Therefore, it’s important to be vigilant and attentive to each plants’ individual needs.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
As mentioned earlier, overwatering and underwatering present similar symptoms in plants. These symptoms include poor growth, wilted leaves, defoliation, and brown leaf tips or margins. Ultimately, both underwatering and overwatering can lead to the death of a plant.
The easiest way to determine whether a plant has too much water or too little is to look at the leaves. If underwatering is the culprit, the leaves will look brown and crunchy, while if it’s overwatering, they will appear yellow or a pale green in color.
When this issue first begins, there may be no noticeable symptoms at all, particularly in hardy or drought-tolerant plants. However, they will begin to wilt once they start suffering from a lack of water. The edges of the plant’s leaves will become brown or curled. Soil pulling away from the edges of the planter is a telltale sign, or a crispy, brittle stem.
Prolonged underwatering can cause a plant’s growth to become stunted. The leaves might drop and the plant can be more susceptible to pest infestations, too.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Underwatering is caused by, quite simply, not watering plants often or deeply enough. There is a heightened risk of underwatering if any of these situations apply:
  • Extreme heat and dry weather (when growing outdoors)
  • Grow lights or indoor lighting that is too bright or intense for the type of plant
  • Using fast-draining growing media such as sand
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Scars
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Scars
Any light-colored markings that appear on stems but which do not enlarge or multiply are simply scars that have healed.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Scars form when the plant repairs wounds. They can be the result of people or pets passing by and scraping the plant. Once the underlying issue is resolved, the plant will heal but a scar may remain.
Pests and pathogens can also cause scarring. Insects may attack the plant for a meal, resulting in extensive scarring when a few invaders turn into an infestation. Diseases such as fungus and bacteria can weaken the plant, causing brown spots, mushy areas, or blisters that lead to scars.
Scars occur on stems when a leaf or bud has been lost and the plant has healed. The harder tissue is like a scab that protects a wound.
On other occasions, scars can signal problems from environmental conditions, such as overexposure to sunlight or heat. It might surprise you to know that plants can suffer from sunburn, even desert dwellers like cactus!
Solutions
Solutions
Each source of scarring requires a different approach to help your plant recover.
  1. Protect the trunk and leaves from physical damage like scrapes.
  2. If pests or disease are the cause of scarring, isolate the plant from others to avoid further spread. Some pests can be removed with organic remedies such as a soft cloth and soapy water solution or diluted isopropyl alcohol spray.
  3. Stop sunburn by moving your plant away from direct sunlight and making sure it has the water it needs.
  4. Frequent leaf or bud loss may be due to insufficient light or nutrients.
Prevention
Prevention
Preventing some sources of scarring is easier than others, but all start with careful attention to your plants once you decide to bring them home.
  1. Review specific guidelines for your plant, including soil drainage, watering, and fertilizer requirements.
  2. Inspect plants before planting and use sterile pots and fresh potting soil or media to limit transfer of fungi or bacteria.
  3. Once established, check your plants regularly for signs of scarring or the presence of pests, as it is better to catch problems as early as possible.
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More About Spider Plant

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Spread
Spread
60 cm
Bloom Time
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer
Flower Color
Flower Color
White
Cream
Leaf Color
Leaf Color
Green
Plant Height
Plant Height
20 to 30 cm

Name story

Bracketplant
The scientific name Chlorophytum is from two Greek words, chloros which means green and phyton which means plant. Capensis means “from the Cape,” indicating its Southern African origin.
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Common Problems

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Why do the leaves turn yellow and become withered?

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Possible reasons for leaf yellowing are: ① lack of light over long periods of time; ② too high of a fertilization concentration, resulting in root damage; ③ wet soil over a long period of time. The possible causes of leaf withering are: ① too much light; ② too low of air humidity. Cut yellow and withered leaves and carry out corresponding treatment. Adjust the placement and give appropriate light. Avoid excessive fertilization or watering and replace culture medium by repotting. If air humidity is too low, increase it by spraying water mist.

Why do the leaf tips wither?

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The air humidity is too low; the soil is dry and there is not enough water over a long period of time; direct sunlight or exposure; or excessive pesticides or fertilizers. The withered leaf tip is generally irreversible. Cut it gently with scissors. Keep the air moist, avoid long-term strong direct sunlight, and prevent the application of excessive pesticides or fertilizers.

How do you deal with root rot?

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Reduce the water supply and control the amount of watering. Repot/transplant, namely, replace the soil with a well-drained and permeable culture medium, and use appropriate materials according to recommendations to avoid excess moisture in the soil. Ensure smooth drainage at the bottom of the flowerpot and avoid standing water in the tray. Use scissors to prune the root system and cut the rotten parts. Place the plant in a well-ventilated environment.

What should be given attention when repotting plants?

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The roots of spider plant are luxuriant. The roots systems should be trimmed to remove rotten and redundant root when repotting. The size of the flowerpot should be adapted to the size of the plant, preferably one that is a little larger than the plant. Don't water a lot during the recovery period after repotting, which will shorten the seedling recovery time.
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Spider plant
Spider plant
Spider plant
Spider plant
Spider plant

How to Care for Spider Plant

Spider plant (Chlorophytum capense) is a perennial herb related to asparagus. In nurseries, the spider plant is sometimes mistakenly referred to as Chlorophytum capense, because the spider plant's latin name is Chlorophytum comosum. Spider plant grows in California within the United States.
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Water
Every week
Water
Sunlight
Partial sun
Sunlight Sunlight detail
care_basic_guide

Basic Care Guide

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Cultivation:WaterDetail

How to Water Spider plant?

Cultivation:WaterDetail
Spider plant prefers a humid environment and needs continually moist potting soil. In summer, watering is recommended once every morning and evening, and spraying of water to the leaves once or twice a day during vigorous growth to increase air humidity. Water once a day in spring and fall. In winter, the watering frequency can be appropriately reduced, and watering can be done once every 4-5 days. Without regular watering, it may turn yellow and withered and its ornamental value will be reduced. Water thoroughly every time until the soil is saturated and excess water is fully drained from the drain hole at the bottom of the flowerpot.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail

How to Fertilize Spider plant?

Cultivation:FertilizerDetail
Nitrogen, phosphate and organic fertilizer are mainly used for spider plant. Apply organic liquid fertilizer every 7-10 days in spring, summer and fall. The growth of spider plant is slow at temperatures higher than 30 ℃ in summer and lower than 10 ℃in winter. Excessive fertilization will lead to accumulation of fertilizer and cause root rot. In that case, fertilization should be avoided or the frequency should be reduced.
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Fertilizer

Spider plant grow throughout many regions of the world and are often some of the best plants to use for foliage gardens. If you want to reap the full benefits of growing a Spider plant, in your garden, you should understand the basics of its care routine, with special consideration for fertilization. The information below will answer some of the most important questions related to fertilizing a Spider plant.
The leaves of the Spider plant comprise most of its main structure, and fertilization is one of the most impactful ways that you can ensure that those leaves look great while also serving their function. Proper fertilization will help your Spider plant hold leaves with consistent color and a healthy texture. Fertilization also works below the soil's surface to help your Spider plant generate new roots and maintain the roots that are already part of the root system. This means that fertilization will not just keep your plant healthy now, but it will also help your plant be better capable of absorbing soil nutrients in the future.
If you grow your Spider plant outdoors each year, this perennial plant will send new growth shooting out in early spring. The emergence of those leaves is a sign that the time is right to begin fertilization for the year. Often, a Spider plant will perform just fine with a single application of fertilizer when the spring arrives. However, if you wish to maximize the growth of your Spider plant, you can repeat the feeding multiple times throughout the spring and early summer. If you choose this route, you can feed your Spider plant about once every month to a month and a half.
Fortunately, choosing the best fertilizer for a Spider plant is a very straightforward task. These plants will thrive on a general-purpose garden fertilizer that has equal amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. A fertilizer that has a ratio of 10-10-10 or something similar will be very effective. When in doubt, be sure to avoid fertilizers that have high amounts of nitrogen.
Most of the best fertilizer for a Spider plant will come in a granular form. These fertilizers should be slow-release and will be very easy to apply to the soil. It can also be helpful to feed your Spider plant using an organic soil amendment such as compost.
Wait until your Spider plant has just barely poked its first leaves through the soil's surface in early spring. Once you see that sign, apply a granular slow-release fertilizer with a balanced formula to the soil that surrounds the base of your Spider plant. You can repeat a similar process later in the season if you choose. When reapplying fertilizer to a Spider plant, you should, again, apply the fertilizer to the soil at the base of the plant rather than to the plant itself. At times, this may require you to move some leaves out of the way to access the soil above the roots. It's also often a good choice to water your Spider plant before and after you feed it.
The Spider plant doesn't necessarily need to receive high volumes of fertilizer each year, which means overfertilization is entirely possible. If you overfertilize your Spider plant, you will likely notice first that the leaves have turned brown.
Overfertilization of Spider plant is especially common if you use a fertilizer that has higher concentrations of nitrogen. High nitrogen content will likely cause the leaves of your Spider plant to become discolored, lose much of their moisture, and begin curling at the margins. Many gardeners avoid such complications by limiting fertilization of their Spider plant to once per year in early spring.
In the late fall and winter, your Spider plant will enter a dormant phase in which it will no longer produce new growth. At this time, you should avoid fertilizing your Spider plant. If you choose to fertilize multiple times during spring and summer, you should begin reducing your fertilization rate as summer approaches, as your Spider plant 's growth rate will also slow.
Overall, it is never a wise choice to fertilize your Spider plant during times when the weather is unseasonably hot or when the soil is extraordinarily dry. Fertilizing in either of those cases can stress your Spider plant and cause it to perish prematurely.
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Cultivation:SunlightDetail

What Are the Sunlight Requirements for Spider plant?

Cultivation:SunlightDetail
Spider plant prefers partial shade environments and is resistant to low light, so it is suitable for growth under medium light conditions. Direct exposure to strong sunlight should be avoided in spring and fall. 50%-70% of the sunlight should be shielded when there is especially strong sunlight in summer. Otherwise, the leaf tips can turn yellow and wither. In winter, the light should be increased to ensure normal growth of plants and fresh, tender green leaves. It should be placed 61 to 152 cm from a sunny window in the room.
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Cultivation:PruningDetail

How to Prune Spider plant?

Cultivation:PruningDetail
Yellow and withered leaves should be pruned right away to avoid nutrient consumption and promote plants to grow new leaves.
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Advanced Care Guide

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Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail

What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Spider plant?

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail
Spider plant originates from southern Africa. It prefers warm and humid environments and has good adaptability. It grows at temperatures in the range of 13 to 27 ℃, preferably at 20 to 24 ℃. It may stop growing above 30 ℃ and grow slowly or be dormant at very low temperatures. Its overwintering temperature is not lower than 10 ℃ due to its poor cold resistance. It is more adaptive in a humid environment, but it is also tolerant of drought. It is better for the air to be moist when planting. If the air is dry, the leaves of the plant will curl or the leaf tip will turn yellow and withered.
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Cultivation:SoilDetail

What Soil is Best for Spider plant?

Cultivation:SoilDetail
Spider plant has good adaptability to soil and is more suitable to grow in soil that is permeable and well-drained, loose and fertile, rich in humus, and with a pH value of 6-7. The potting culture medium should not be a single type of soil. It can be leaf mold or peat mixed with garden soil and river sand in equal volume. A small amount of fertilizer can be added as base fertilizer. The culture medium can also be composed of leaf mold and sandy soil mixed with a ratio of 3:7. Roots are prone to rot in cases of standing water and poor ventilation at the bottom of the pot. Changing the soil once a year is recommended and potting at least once every two years to ensure flourishing growth.
Cultivation:PropagationDetail

How to Propagate Spider plant?

Cultivation:PropagationDetail
The reproduction method of spider plant is generally division propagation, and seed reproduction is rarely used. Division propagation can be carried out in all seasons except cold winters. Dense mother plants can be divided into multiple clusters and planted respectively when repotting in spring; small stolon plants can also be cut for planting. It is recommended to select well-drained and permeable cultivated soil that is rich in nutrition and can maintain moisture and fertilizer during reproduction, and transplant the plant into flowerpots after the root system is mature. The size of the flowerpot should be adapted to the size of the seedlings during cultivation. If the pot is too large, the seedlings will recover slowly and not grow well, but if the pot is too small, it will not have enough nutrition supply.
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Propagation

Spider plant provides a unique decoration for your garden and this plant is relatively easy to propagate. If you want to propagate more Spider plant, our article will show you the method. You can propagate this plant by division. You can divide your plants either during the spring or the fall. If you divide during the spring, you should do so earlier in the season to give your plant a better chance of adapting to the division before the summer heat arrives. The same is true during fall, as you should divide early enough to give your plant time to recover before the cold winter temperatures arrive. Dividing a plant is not difficult to do, but it is much easier to perform when you have the right tools available to you. Here is a basic list of what you’ll need:
  1. A digging shovel or a knife (preferable one with a pointed blade rather than a flat one)
  2. Diluted bleach solution or isopropyl alcohol to clean tools
  3. A water source (garden hose, watering can, etc.)
Steps: Step 1: Use your shovel to dig around the entire parent plant and lift it out of the ground. Step 2: Loosen and separate the main roots to have a better idea of where to divide the plant. Step 3:You can just pull the above-ground part of the plant to separate Spider plant if it is easier. If the root system is tightly wound, use your shovel or knife to slice down through the root ball to divide the plant into two parts. Repeat if you have a large plant you wish to divide more than once. Diluted bleach solution or isopropyl alcohol is required to sterilize the tools before use. Step 4: Wait for the wounds caused by plant division to dry, re-plant your parent plant in its original place. Transplant the divided portion to a new growing location.

Spider plant provides a unique decoration for your garden and this plant is relatively easy to propagate. If you want to propagate more Spider plant, our article will show you the method. You can propagate this plant by division. You can divide your plants either during the spring or the fall. If you divide during the spring, you should do so earlier in the season to give your plant a better chance of adapting to the division before the summer heat arrives. The same is true during fall, as you should divide early enough to give your plant time to recover before the cold winter temperatures arrive. Dividing a plant is not difficult to do, but it is much easier to perform when you have the right tools available to you. Here is a basic list of what you’ll need:
  1. A digging shovel or a knife (preferable one with a pointed blade rather than a flat one)
  2. Diluted bleach solution or isopropyl alcohol to clean tools
  3. A water source (garden hose, watering can, etc.)
Steps: Step 1: Use your shovel to dig around the entire parent plant and lift it out of the ground. Step 2: Loosen and separate the main roots to have a better idea of where to divide the plant. Step 3:You can just pull the above-ground part of the plant to separate Spider plant if it is easier. If the root system is tightly wound, use your shovel or knife to slice down through the root ball to divide the plant into two parts. Repeat if you have a large plant you wish to divide more than once. Diluted bleach solution or isopropyl alcohol is required to sterilize the tools before use. Step 4: Wait for the wounds caused by plant division to dry, re-plant your parent plant in its original place. Transplant the divided portion to a new growing location.
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Cultivation:PlantingDetail

How to Plant Spider plant?

Cultivation:PlantingDetail
Spider plant is generally repotted in spring. The size of the flowerpot should not be too large, just a little larger than the root ball, because the roots of spider plant prefer to grow in a relatively closed environment. Cut withered, decayed, or redundant roots and replace the soil with new loose soil rich in humus when repotting. After planting, place it in a warm place with partial shade to allow it to recover slowly for 10-20 days. In the seedling stage, the root system is relatively weak and has poor nutrient absorption capacity. In environments with strong light or low temperature, it needs to consume more energy, which is not conducive to growth and recovery of the root system.
PlantCare:TransplantSummary

How to Transplant Spider plant?

PlantCare:TransplantSummary
The optimal time to transplant spider plant is between S1-S3, as this period promotes vigorous growth. Spider plant does well in bright, indirect light spots. Remember to let spider plant's soil dry out slightly before re-watering for a successful transplant.
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More Info on Spider Plant Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
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Seasonal Care Tips

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Seasonal Precautions

Attention should be paid to shading when the light is strong in summer. 50%-70% of the sunlight should be shielded during the day to prevent the leaves from yellowing and withering. In hot weather, stop fertilizing, keep the potting soil moist, and spray water on the leaves to cool. Increase humidity in dry weather. In winter, spider plant grows slowly. Reduce watering frequency and fertilization, and prevent root rot caused by accumulated water and fertilizer to promote growth and flowering of plants the following spring.
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Spring

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Summer

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Fall

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Winter

This plant requires some care in the spring.

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1
Every few years, divide large plants at the roots.
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2
Spring is also the time to sow seeds. Choose a sunny location and cover the seeds with about one inch of soil and water thoroughly.
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3
When new growth begins emerging, an application of all-purpose, balanced fertilizer will provide the necessary nutrients.
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4
Don’t forget to water when the top layer of soil begins drying out.
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Ensure the plant is receiving plenty of sunlight during the day.

The leaves on the plant do not thrive in bright sunshine in the summer.

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1
Keep container plants in a shaded area.
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2
Check the soil moisture level and increase watering frequency when rainfall is scarce. The soil may need checking daily to ensure it is not drying out.
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Keep an eye out for slugs, and other garden pests, especially if there is mulch around the plant.
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4
Cut back any spent flowers and remove any plant debris from the area.
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5
Continue regular fertilizing to help support fall flowering.

Continue watering and fertilizing your plant as long as it grows during the early fall season.

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Once the plants have entered a dormant stage, you can prune them back down to the ground; then, reduce watering.
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Use a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer regularly until the colder weather causes the plant to go dormant, then stop fertilizing.
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Ensure the plant still has plenty of sun during this time, placing them in locations that have full or partial sunlight.
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At the end of fall, after a hard frost, you can sow the seeds for your plant to propagate more plants.

As this plant goes dormant in cold weather, there’s not much care required for this plant. It's best to provide them with cold protection, however.

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After cutting back the stems, you can cover the beds with tarp or mulch to add a barrier against the chill winter winds and frost.
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Only water indoor or warmer-climate plants once the soil becomes dry to the touch, but for the most part you should leave this plant to itself during this season after providing it some shelter from the cold.
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Common Pests & Diseases

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Common issues for Spider plant based on 10 million real cases
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Solutions: Bacterial infections need to be treated quickly to prevent the spread to neighboring, healthy plants, potentially wiping out large sections of your indoor or outdoor garden. In mild cases: Use sterilized (10% bleach solution) pruning shears or scissors to remove any infected plant parts, making sure to dispose of them off site. Use a copper-based bactericide to treat the unaffected foliage, as well as the soil, and neighboring plants. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label. In severe cases, where more than half the leaves are affected: Remove all of the infected plants from the garden, disposing of them off site. Treat the soil and neighboring plants using a copper-based bactericide. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
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Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
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Underwatering
Underwatering Underwatering Underwatering
Leaves may wilt for a variety of reasons.
Solutions: The easiest (and most obvious) way to address underwatering is to fully hydrate the plant. However, this must be done carefully. A common mistake that many gardeners make is to douse their underwatered plants with water. This can overwhelm the roots of the plant and shock its system, something that can be even more damaging than the lack of water to begin with. Instead, water thoroughly and slowly, taking breaks to let the water slowly saturate through the soil to get to the roots. Use room temperature water, as cold water might be too much of a shock. In the future, shorten the time between waterings. A good rule of thumb is to check the soil around each plant daily. If it’s dry to at least two inches down, it’s time to water. If a container plant is repeatedly drying out very quickly, repotting into a slower-draining container might be a good idea, too.
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Scars
Scars Scars Scars
Any light-colored markings that appear on stems but which do not enlarge or multiply are simply scars that have healed.
Solutions: Each source of scarring requires a different approach to help your plant recover. Protect the trunk and leaves from physical damage like scrapes. If pests or disease are the cause of scarring, isolate the plant from others to avoid further spread. Some pests can be removed with organic remedies such as a soft cloth and soapy water solution or diluted isopropyl alcohol spray. Stop sunburn by moving your plant away from direct sunlight and making sure it has the water it needs. Frequent leaf or bud loss may be due to insufficient light or nutrients.
Learn More About the Scars more
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Leaf rot
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Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Overview
Overview
Leaf rot is very common among both house plants and garden plants. It affects foliage and occurs mainly when the leaves become wet due to rain or misting by the gardener. The cause is fungal disease and this is facilitated by the fungal spores adhering to wet leaves then penetrating the leaf and expanding rapidly. Damp conditions and poor air circulation will increase chances of infection taking place. Another factor are leaves that are damaged or have been penetrated by sap sucking insects that facilitate plant penetration.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  1. Spores are able to cling to a damp leaf and penetrate, often through an existing wound.
  2. A small dark brown mark appears which expands rapidly as sporulation starts to take place.
  3. Quite quickly these bull's eye like circles can link together and the whole leaf turns dark and loses texture.
  4. Leaf drop occurs.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
These symptoms are caused by a bacterial infection invading the plant. Bacteria from many sources in the environment (air, water, soil, diseased plants) enter a plant through wounds, or in some cases the stomata when they are open. Once inside the leaf tissue, the bacteria feed and reproduce quickly, breaking down healthy leaves.
Bacterial infections threaten most plant species, and are more prominent in wet weather that more easily transfers the bacteria from plant to plant, or from soil to plant.
Solutions
Solutions
Bacterial infections need to be treated quickly to prevent the spread to neighboring, healthy plants, potentially wiping out large sections of your indoor or outdoor garden.
In mild cases: Use sterilized (10% bleach solution) pruning shears or scissors to remove any infected plant parts, making sure to dispose of them off site. Use a copper-based bactericide to treat the unaffected foliage, as well as the soil, and neighboring plants. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
In severe cases, where more than half the leaves are affected: Remove all of the infected plants from the garden, disposing of them off site. Treat the soil and neighboring plants using a copper-based bactericide. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
Prevention
Prevention
  1. Clean up garden debris at the end of the season, especially if it contains any diseased plant tissue. Diseases can overwinter from season to season and infect new plants.
  2. Avoid overhead watering to prevent transferring pathogens from one plant to another, and to keep foliage dry.
  3. Mulch around the base of plants to prevent soil-borne bacteria from splashing up onto uninfected plants.
  4. Sterilize cutting tools using a 10% bleach solution when gardening and moving from one plant to another.
  5. Do not work in your garden when it is wet.
  6. Rotate crops to prevent the buildup of bacteria in one site due to continuous cropping.
  7. Use a copper or streptomycin-containing bactericide in early spring to prevent infection. Read label directions carefully as they are not suitable for all plants.
  8. Ensure plants are well spaced and thin leaves on densely leaved plants so that air circulation is maximised.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
Solutions
Solutions
In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary.
Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading.
  1. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear.
  2. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread.
  3. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Prevention
Prevention
Like many other diseases, it is easier to prevent brown spot than cure it, and this is done through cultural practices.
  • Clear fall leaves from the ground before winter to minimize places where fungi and bacteria can overwinter.
  • Maintain good air movement between plants through proper plant spacing.
  • Increase air circulation through the center of plants through pruning.
  • Thoroughly clean all pruning tools after working with diseased plants.
  • Never dispose of disease plant material in a compost pile.
  • Avoid overhead watering to keep moisture off of the foliage.
  • Keep plants healthy by providing adequate sunlight, water, and fertilizer.
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Underwatering
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Underwatering
Leaves may wilt for a variety of reasons.
Overview
Overview
Underwatering plants is one of the quickest ways to kill them. This is something that most gardeners are well aware of. Unfortunately, knowing exactly how much water a plant needs can be tricky, especially considering that underwatering and overwatering present similar symptoms in plants.
Therefore, it’s important to be vigilant and attentive to each plants’ individual needs.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
As mentioned earlier, overwatering and underwatering present similar symptoms in plants. These symptoms include poor growth, wilted leaves, defoliation, and brown leaf tips or margins. Ultimately, both underwatering and overwatering can lead to the death of a plant.
The easiest way to determine whether a plant has too much water or too little is to look at the leaves. If underwatering is the culprit, the leaves will look brown and crunchy, while if it’s overwatering, they will appear yellow or a pale green in color.
When this issue first begins, there may be no noticeable symptoms at all, particularly in hardy or drought-tolerant plants. However, they will begin to wilt once they start suffering from a lack of water. The edges of the plant’s leaves will become brown or curled. Soil pulling away from the edges of the planter is a telltale sign, or a crispy, brittle stem.
Prolonged underwatering can cause a plant’s growth to become stunted. The leaves might drop and the plant can be more susceptible to pest infestations, too.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Underwatering is caused by, quite simply, not watering plants often or deeply enough. There is a heightened risk of underwatering if any of these situations apply:
  • Extreme heat and dry weather (when growing outdoors)
  • Grow lights or indoor lighting that is too bright or intense for the type of plant
  • Using fast-draining growing media such as sand
Solutions
Solutions
The easiest (and most obvious) way to address underwatering is to fully hydrate the plant. However, this must be done carefully. A common mistake that many gardeners make is to douse their underwatered plants with water. This can overwhelm the roots of the plant and shock its system, something that can be even more damaging than the lack of water to begin with.
Instead, water thoroughly and slowly, taking breaks to let the water slowly saturate through the soil to get to the roots. Use room temperature water, as cold water might be too much of a shock.
In the future, shorten the time between waterings. A good rule of thumb is to check the soil around each plant daily. If it’s dry to at least two inches down, it’s time to water. If a container plant is repeatedly drying out very quickly, repotting into a slower-draining container might be a good idea, too.
Prevention
Prevention
Always check the soil before watering. If the top inch of soil feels moist, though not wet, the watering is perfect. If it’s dry, water it immediately. If it feels soggy, you avoid watering until it dries out a bit more.
Also, make sure the lighting is sufficient for the species. Plants grow faster and need more water when there is intense light or lots of heat. Being aware of these conditions and modifying them, if possible, is a good way to prevent underwatering. Many container plants are potted in soil mixtures mean to be well-draining. Adding materials that retain moisture, like compost or peat moss, can also prevent these symptoms.
Other tips to prevent underwatering include:
  • Choose pots with adequately-sized drainage holes
  • Avoid warm temperatures
  • Use large pots with additional soil (these take longer to dry out)
  • Avoid terracotta pots, which lose water quickly
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Scars
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Scars
Any light-colored markings that appear on stems but which do not enlarge or multiply are simply scars that have healed.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Scars form when the plant repairs wounds. They can be the result of people or pets passing by and scraping the plant. Once the underlying issue is resolved, the plant will heal but a scar may remain.
Pests and pathogens can also cause scarring. Insects may attack the plant for a meal, resulting in extensive scarring when a few invaders turn into an infestation. Diseases such as fungus and bacteria can weaken the plant, causing brown spots, mushy areas, or blisters that lead to scars.
Scars occur on stems when a leaf or bud has been lost and the plant has healed. The harder tissue is like a scab that protects a wound.
On other occasions, scars can signal problems from environmental conditions, such as overexposure to sunlight or heat. It might surprise you to know that plants can suffer from sunburn, even desert dwellers like cactus!
Solutions
Solutions
Each source of scarring requires a different approach to help your plant recover.
  1. Protect the trunk and leaves from physical damage like scrapes.
  2. If pests or disease are the cause of scarring, isolate the plant from others to avoid further spread. Some pests can be removed with organic remedies such as a soft cloth and soapy water solution or diluted isopropyl alcohol spray.
  3. Stop sunburn by moving your plant away from direct sunlight and making sure it has the water it needs.
  4. Frequent leaf or bud loss may be due to insufficient light or nutrients.
Prevention
Prevention
Preventing some sources of scarring is easier than others, but all start with careful attention to your plants once you decide to bring them home.
  1. Review specific guidelines for your plant, including soil drainage, watering, and fertilizer requirements.
  2. Inspect plants before planting and use sterile pots and fresh potting soil or media to limit transfer of fungi or bacteria.
  3. Once established, check your plants regularly for signs of scarring or the presence of pests, as it is better to catch problems as early as possible.
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More About Spider Plant

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Spread
Spread
60 cm
Bloom Time
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer
Flower Color
Flower Color
White
Cream
Leaf Color
Leaf Color
Green
Plant Height
Plant Height
20 to 30 cm

Name story

Bracketplant
The scientific name Chlorophytum is from two Greek words, chloros which means green and phyton which means plant. Capensis means “from the Cape,” indicating its Southern African origin.
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Common Problems

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Why do the leaves turn yellow and become withered?

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Possible reasons for leaf yellowing are: ① lack of light over long periods of time; ② too high of a fertilization concentration, resulting in root damage; ③ wet soil over a long period of time. The possible causes of leaf withering are: ① too much light; ② too low of air humidity. Cut yellow and withered leaves and carry out corresponding treatment. Adjust the placement and give appropriate light. Avoid excessive fertilization or watering and replace culture medium by repotting. If air humidity is too low, increase it by spraying water mist.

Why do the leaf tips wither?

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The air humidity is too low; the soil is dry and there is not enough water over a long period of time; direct sunlight or exposure; or excessive pesticides or fertilizers. The withered leaf tip is generally irreversible. Cut it gently with scissors. Keep the air moist, avoid long-term strong direct sunlight, and prevent the application of excessive pesticides or fertilizers.

How do you deal with root rot?

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Reduce the water supply and control the amount of watering. Repot/transplant, namely, replace the soil with a well-drained and permeable culture medium, and use appropriate materials according to recommendations to avoid excess moisture in the soil. Ensure smooth drainage at the bottom of the flowerpot and avoid standing water in the tray. Use scissors to prune the root system and cut the rotten parts. Place the plant in a well-ventilated environment.

What should be given attention when repotting plants?

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The roots of spider plant are luxuriant. The roots systems should be trimmed to remove rotten and redundant root when repotting. The size of the flowerpot should be adapted to the size of the plant, preferably one that is a little larger than the plant. Don't water a lot during the recovery period after repotting, which will shorten the seedling recovery time.
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Lighting
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
Choose a site here for personalized care tips.
Requirements
Partial sun
Ideal
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Full sun
Tolerance
Above 6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Spider plant thrives under a moderate amount of light which is just enough to cast a shadow, but is able to endure generous sunlight exposure. Originating from environments with limited sun, it can become scorched with too much light intensity while insufficient light hinders its healthy growth.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Spider plant is a versatile plant that thrives in partial sunlight but can tolerate full sunlight in cooler weather. Although symptoms of light deficiency may not be easily noticeable, inadequate light conditions can affect their growth indoors.
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Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your Spider plant may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Spider plant enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To optimize plant growth, shift them to increasingly sunnier spots each week until they receive 3-6 hours of direct sunlight daily, enabling gradual adaptation to changing light conditions.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Spider plant thrives with partial sun exposure but is more prone to sunburn. The intense sunlight during summer can cause leaf sunburn, making it important to provide adequate shade and protection.
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Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
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Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Spider plant is native to temperate climates, preferring a comfortable range of 68 to 95°F (20 to 35℃). Adjustments in care may be necessary during the colder months to maintain this temperature range.
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