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How to Care for Arabian Coffee

Arabian coffee (Coffea arabica) is a broadleaf evergreen species native to Ethiopia. Arabian coffee has been cultivated on the Arabian Peninsula for over 1,000 years. This species is currently commercially grown in tropical and subtropical regions all over the planet. The plant is aromatic and smells like jasmine.
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Cultivation:WaterDetail

How to Water Arabian coffee?

Arabian coffee needs lots of water, especially during its active growth phase, so water your plant thoroughly in spring and summer. When watering, it’s crucial to keep the soil damp but not soggy. Avoid overwatering because this can damage your plant.
Cultivation:WaterDetail
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What is the best way to water my Arabian coffee?
Your Arabian coffee will not be too picky about how you choose to water it. As such, you can use just about any common watering tool to moisten this plant’s soil. Watering cans, hoses, and even cups will work just fine when it is time to water your Arabian coffee. Regardless of which watering tool you use, you should typically apply the water directly to the soil. In doing so, you should ensure that you moisten all soil areas equally to give all parts of the root system the water it needs. It can help to use filtered water, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to plants. It is also beneficial to use water that is at or slightly above room temperature, as colder or hotter water can be somewhat shocking to the Arabian coffee. However, the Arabian coffee usually responds well to any kind of water you give it.
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What should I do if I water my Arabian coffee too much or too little?
For outdoor plants, especially newly planted plants or plant seedlings, they can be prone to lack of watering. Remember that you need to keep watering enough for a few months when the tree is small or just planted. This is because once the roots are established, Arabian coffee can rely on rain most of the time.
When your Arabian coffee is planted in pots, overwatering is often more likely to.When you accidentally overwater your Arabian coffee, you should be prepared to remedy the situation immediately. First, you should stop watering your plant right away to minimize the effect of your overwatering. After, you should consider removing your Arabian coffee from its pot to inspect its roots. If you find that none of the roots have developed root rot, it may be permissible to return your plant to its container. If you do discover signs of root rot, then you should trim away any roots that have been affected. You may also want to apply a fungicide to prevent further damage. Lastly, you should repot your Arabian coffee in soil that is well-draining. In the case of an underwatered Arabian coffee, simply water this plant more frequently.
Underwatering is often an easy fix. If you underwater, the plant's leaves will tend to droop and dry out and fall off, and the leaves will quickly return to fullness after sufficient watering. Please correct your watering frequency as soon as underwatering occurs.
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How often should I water my Arabian coffee?
Most plants that grow naturally outdoors can be allowed to grow normally with rainfall. If your area lacks rainfall, consider giving your plants adequate watering every 2 weeks during the spring and fall. More frequent watering is needed in summer. In winter, when growth becomes slower and plants need less water, water more sparingly. Throughout the winter, you may not give it additional watering at all. If your Arabian coffee is young or newly planted, then you should water more frequently to help it establish, and mature and grow up to have more adaptable and drought tolerant plants.
For potted plants, there are two main ways that you can determine how often to water your Arabian coffee. The first way is to set a predetermined watering schedule. If you choose this route, you should plan to water this plant about once every week or once every other week. However, this approach may not always work as it does not consider the unique conditions of the growing environment for your Arabian coffee .
Your watering frequency can also change depending on the season. For instance, a predetermined watering schedule will likely not suffice during summer when this plant's water needs are highest. An alternative route is to set your watering frequency based on soil moisture. Typically, it is best to wait until the first two to four inches of soil, usually ⅓ to ½ depth of the pots, have dried out entirely before you give more water.
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How much water does my Arabian coffee need?
When it comes time to water your Arabian coffee, you may be surprised to find that this plant does not always need a high volume of water. Instead, if only a few inches of soil have dried since your last watering, you can support healthy growth in the Arabian coffee by giving it about five to ten ounces of water every time you water. You can also decide your water volume based on soil moisture. As mentioned above, you should note how many inches of soil have dried out between waterings. A surefire way to make sure your Arabian coffee gets the moisture it needs is to supply enough water to moisten all the soil layers that became dry since the last time you watered. If more than half of the soil has become dry, you should consider giving more water than usual. In those cases, continue adding water until you see excess water draining from your pot’s drainage holes.
If your Arabian coffee is planted in an area that gets plenty of rain outdoors, it may not need additional watering. When the Arabian coffee is young or just getting established, make sure it gets 1-2 inches of rain per week. As it continues to grow and establish, it can survive entirely on rainwater and only when the weather is hot and there is no rainfall at all for 2-3 weeks, then consider giving your Arabian coffee a full watering to prevent them from suffering stress.
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Arabian coffee enough?
Overwatering is a far more common problem for the Arabian coffee, and there are several signs you should look for when this occurs. Generally, an overwatered Arabian coffee will have yellowing leaves and may even drop some leaves. Also, overwatering can cause the overall structure of your plant to shrivel and may also promote root rot. On the other hand, an underwatered Arabian coffee will also begin to wilt. It may also display leaves that are brown or brittle to the touch. Whether you see signs of overwatering or underwatering, you should be prepared to intervene and restore the health of your Arabian coffee.
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How can I water my Arabian coffee at different growth stages?
When the Arabian coffee is very young, such as when it is in a seedling stage, you will need to give it more water than you would if it were at a mature age. During the early stages of this plant’s life, it is important to keep the soil consistently moist to encourage root development. The same is true for any Arabian coffee that you have transplanted to a new growing location. Also, the Arabian coffee can develop showy flowers and fruits when you give them the correct care. If your Arabian coffee is in a flowering or fruiting phase, you will likely need to give a bit more water than you usually would to support these plant structures.
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How can I water my Arabian coffee through the seasons?
The seasonal changes will affect how often you water your Arabian coffee. Mainly, during the hottest summer months, you will likely need to increase how much you water this plant, especially if it grows in an area that receives ample sunlight. Strong summer sunlight can cause soil to dry out much faster than usual, meaning that you’ll need to water more frequently. By contrast, your Arabian coffee will need much less water during the winter, as it will not be in an active growing phase. During winter, you can get by with watering once every 2 to 3 weeks or sometimes not at all. For those growing this plant indoors, you should be somewhat wary of appliances such as air conditioners, which can cause your plant to dry out more quickly, which also calls for more frequent watering.
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What's the difference between watering my Arabian coffee indoors vs outdoors?
In some cases, your Arabian coffee may not need any supplemental watering when it grows outside and will survive on rainwater alone. However, if you live in an area of little to no rain, you should water this plant about every two weeks. If you belong to the group of people who live out of this plant's natural hardiness zone, you should grow it indoors. In an indoor setting, you should monitor your plant's soil as it can dry out more quickly when it is in a container or when it is exposed to HVAC units such as air conditioners. Those drying factors will lead you to water this plant a bit more often than if you grew it outdoors.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail

How to Fertilize Arabian coffee?

The arabian coffee will benefit from the right use of fertilizers. Use a half-cup of complete fertilizer and apply it evenly on the ground. The ideal application technique is to form a ring around the plant, making sure not to put any on any part of the plant itself. Ideally, fertilization should be done in spring and summer when the plant is in its active growth stage. Newly repotted coffee should not be fertilized in its first year.

Fertilizer

Arabian coffee typically have ornamental leaves that can add a sense of lushness to your living spaces. With the right care, that foliage will maintain a consistent color and look healthy all year long. However, an important part of a proper care routine for a Arabian coffee is fertilization. If you don't know when and how to fertilize a Arabian coffee, there is a good chance that your plant may begin to decline or at least fail to live up to its full potential. As such, the following sections will introduce you to how to feed a Arabian coffee the right way.
The primary reason why Arabian coffee needs regular fertilization is that they have showy leaves that require a lot of energy to produce and maintain. The challenge is that your Arabian coffee must not only allot enough energy to keep its leaves in good shape, but it must also find enough energy to support the growth of its stems, branches, roots, and all its other vital structures. If you neglect fertilization, there are two outcomes that are likely to take place. The first is that the leaves of your Arabian coffee will begin to lose their natural color or texture while looking somewhat unhealthy overall, which detracts greatly from its ornamental appeal. The other outcome is that your Arabian coffee will begin to slow its growth overall or produce weak growth that could be prone to breakage.
Arabian coffee will benefit from occasionally feedings , which is why you do not need to set a standard feeding schedule upon planting one of these plants. One of the easiest ways to fertilize your Arabian coffee is to simply apply your fertilizer when you water this plant sometimes. During the growing season, your Arabian coffee will also need a decent amount of water. You could feed this plant once every two-three weeks. This feeding rate should continue during the entire time that your plant is producing new growth.
The fertilizer for a Arabian coffee has a specific blend of nutrients, each of which is present in relatively low amounts. An ideal fertilizer will have an N-P-K ratio of 3-1-2. However, a general-purpose fertilizer that has an even blend of nutrients can work well in some cases. Still, even when using a balanced fertilizer, the ratio number representing the volume of each nutrient should be at 3 or lower. The fertilizer you use can be either granular or liquid based. If you choose to use a liquid-based fertilizer, it is often best to dilute the strength by half. While there is not much downside to granular fertilizer, it is often most sensible to use liquid fertilizer, especially if you feed your Arabian coffee while you supply water.
One of the easiest ways to fertilize a Arabian coffee is to feed it anytime that you water it. To perform this method, gather your fertilizer and a water container, such as a watering can. Then mix the fertilizer with water to dilute its strength. Then, simply pour the water with the fertilizer onto the soil and allow it to soak down to the roots. Alternatively, you could use a granular fertilizer. If you use a granular fertilizer, all you need to do is sprinkle some of the fertilizer on the soil in which your Arabian coffee lives. Granular fertilizers are usually slow-release fertilizers which means you won't need to fertilize as often as you would with a liquid fertilizer. In either case, it is beneficial to water while you feed your Arabian coffee.
The signs of improper fertilization for a Arabian coffee should become obvious relatively quickly. Overfertilization is specifically harmful to this plant, and it can cause several visible signs. The most common signs are browning leaf margins, yellowing leaves, wilting leaves, excess fertilizer build-up in the soil, and loss of foliage.
Arabian coffee are also vulnerable to a complication known as fertilizer burn, in which a plant receives too many nutrients, which causes the roots to dry out and cease their main function. However, if you give your Arabian coffee water while you feed it, it is far less likely that fertilizer burn will occur.
Throughout most of the year, it is permissible to maintain a regular fertilization schedule for your Arabian coffee. During the active growing season of spring, summer, and early fall. However, during the winter, this plant should not receive fertilizer at all.
During winter, Arabian coffee will enter a dormant growth phase. In that phase, the plant will either put forth no new growth or very little new growth. That lack of active growth means that your Arabian coffee will be using less energy overall, which is why fertilization is not needed at that time.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail
Why do I need to fertilize my Arabian coffee?
The primary reason why Arabian coffee needs regular fertilization is that they have showy leaves that require a lot of energy to produce and maintain. The challenge is that your Arabian coffee must not only allot enough energy to keep its leaves in good shape, but it must also find enough energy to support the growth of its stems, branches, roots, and all its other vital structures.
If you neglect fertilization, there are two outcomes that are likely to take place. The first is that the leaves of your Arabian coffee will begin to lose their natural color or texture while looking somewhat unhealthy overall, which detracts greatly from its ornamental appeal. The other outcome is that your Arabian coffee will begin to slow its growth overall or produce weak growth that could be prone to breakage.
Read More more
When is the best time to fertilize my Arabian coffee?
Arabian coffee will benefit from occasionally feedings , which is why you do not need to set a standard feeding schedule upon planting one of these plants. One of the easiest ways to fertilize your Arabian coffee is to simply apply your fertilizer when you water this plant sometimes.
During the growing season, your Arabian coffee will also need a decent amount of water. You could feed this plant once every two-three weeks. This feeding rate should continue during the entire time that your plant is producing new growth.
Read More more
When should I avoid fertilizing my Arabian coffee?
Throughout most of the year, it is permissible to maintain a regular fertilization schedule for your Arabian coffee. During the active growing season of spring, summer, and early fall. However, during the winter, this plant should not receive fertilizer at all.
During winter, Arabian coffee will enter a dormant growth phase. In that phase, the plant will either put forth no new growth or very little new growth. That lack of active growth means that your Arabian coffee will be using less energy overall, which is why fertilization is not needed at that time.
Read More more
What type of fertilizer does my Arabian coffee need?
The fertilizer for a Arabian coffee has a specific blend of nutrients, each of which is present in relatively low amounts. An ideal fertilizer will have an N-P-K ratio of 3-1-2. However, a general-purpose fertilizer that has an even blend of nutrients can work well in some cases. Still, even when using a balanced fertilizer, the ratio number representing the volume of each nutrient should be at 3 or lower.
The fertilizer you use can be either granular or liquid based. If you choose to use a liquid-based fertilizer, it is often best to dilute the strength by half. While there is not much downside to granular fertilizer, it is often most sensible to use liquid fertilizer, especially if you feed your Arabian coffee while you supply water.
Read More more
How do I fertilize my Arabian coffee?
One of the easiest ways to fertilize a Arabian coffee is to feed it anytime that you water it. To perform this method, gather your fertilizer and a water container, such as a watering can. Then mix the fertilizer with water to dilute its strength. Then, simply pour the water with the fertilizer onto the soil and allow it to soak down to the roots.
Alternatively, you could use a granular fertilizer. If you use a granular fertilizer, all you need to do is sprinkle some of the fertilizer on the soil in which your Arabian coffee lives. Granular fertilizers are usually slow-release fertilizers which means you won't need to fertilize as often as you would with a liquid fertilizer. In either case, it is beneficial to water while you feed your Arabian coffee.
Read More more
What happens if I fertilize my Arabian coffee too much?
The signs of improper fertilization for a Arabian coffee should become obvious relatively quickly. Overfertilization is specifically harmful to this plant, and it can cause several visible signs. The most common signs are browning leaf margins, yellowing leaves, wilting leaves, excess fertilizer build-up in the soil, and loss of foliage.
Arabian coffee are also vulnerable to a complication known as fertilizer burn, in which a plant receives too many nutrients, which causes the roots to dry out and cease their main function. However, if you give your Arabian coffee water while you feed it, it is far less likely that fertilizer burn will occur.
Read More more
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Cultivation:SunlightDetail

What Are the Sunlight Requirements for Arabian coffee?

The arabian coffee grows best in light shade or bright indirect sunlight. Overexposure to direct light often results in scorching and browning of leaves. plant your arabian coffee in an area where it will receive a sufficient amount of light shade. If direct light is unavoidable, only allow it in the mornings, instead of for long periods during the day.
Cultivation:SunlightDetail
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How many hours of sunlight does Arabian coffee need per day?
Arabian coffee needs a lot of indirect, filtered, or dappled light when grown indoors, so they should be kept in a sunny location all day. Of course, the number of daylight hours that occur naturally can vary depending on the season, but a good rule of thumb is a minimum of 6 hours, including up to 3-6 hours of direct sunlight per day. Even many hours of indirect sun will not hurt Arabian coffee; it is only direct sun that you need to be careful about.
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What type of sunlight does Arabian coffee need?
Arabian coffee in the wild get a lot of sunlight throughout the whole day. The sunlight is dappled and mostly indirect since it is filtered through the leafy canopy of tall trees growing above. When grown indoors, Arabian coffee should be provided with bright indirect light in a sunny windowsill or via grow lights.
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Does Arabian coffee need to avoid sun exposure?
Arabian coffee does not need to avoid sun exposure completely, but the type of sunlight should be appropriate. They should not be exposed to more than 6 hours of direct sun each day. Direct sun means that the sunlight is hitting the plant directly. Indirect light could be reflected off other objects near the plant, or could be direct sun that is filtered by something such as a sheer curtain. So Arabian coffee should be protected from excessive direct sun.
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How should I protect Arabian coffee from sun and heat damage?
Sunlight can hurt Arabian coffee that are not adapted to growing in direct sun. There are several ways to protect Arabian coffee from bright sunlight. First, choose a location that gets indirect light for most of the day. If the location is too bright, move the plant farther into the room away from the window. Or, you can cover the window with a light curtain or blinds. Any of these methods protect your Arabian coffee from both sun scorching and excessive heat from the sun.
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What happens to Arabian coffee if it gets too much sunlight?
Too much direct sunlight will scorch the plant’s leaves, especially the upper leaves which are hit with the majority of the sun’s rays. Scorched spots on the leaves look brown and dry. Entire leaves may also wilt and turn brown. Being grown in full sun can cause the soil to dry out too quickly. In extreme cases, too much sun could kill the plant.
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What happens to Arabian coffee if it receives insufficient sunlight?
Without enough sunlight, Arabian coffee become etiolated (tall and stretched out) and lose color in their leaves. Over time, the plant is not able to generate enough energy through photosynthesis to support its continued survival, and will die if it is kept in a dark location.
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Does Arabian coffee need special attention to sunlight during different growth stages?
Arabian coffee should get bright indirect light regardless of their growth stage. If anything, consistency in lighting conditions will get you the best results. Once you’ve found a location where your plants are happy, it is best not to move them. However, you should monitor the location and move plants if sunlight gets too intense during summer or becomes too dark in winter.
The amount of light can affect other elements of plant care as well, particularly temperature and watering frequency. More sunlight and heat will cause water to evaporate from the soil faster, meaning you would need to water more often. Less sunlight also usually means less watering, and usually cooler temperatures. This can lead to disease or pests.
Finally, be careful when moving Arabian coffee from a shady location to a sunny one, such as moving plants to spend the summer outside. Arabian coffee can easily get sunburned if they are moved suddenly from a location with little-to-no direct sun to a spot that gets a lot of bright light. Make this kind of move gradually, starting with just 1 to 2 hours in the new location per day and gradually increasing the time. This method allows the plant to adjust to the increased light levels without getting scorched.
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How much light does Arabian coffee need for photosynthesis?
Even the smallest amount of sunlight triggers the process of photosynthesis in plants. However, the amount of energy produced through that process needs to be enough to support the plant’s current survival and continued growth. Without plenty of sunlight, the plant will essentially starve because it doesn’t have what it needs to create energy.
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Cultivation:PruningDetail

How to Prune Arabian coffee?

Even when used as a houseplant, the arabian coffee still requires pruning as it tends to produce many branches. This practice helps give your plant a better shape and appearance. Use a pair of clean and sharp scissors or pruning shears and cut the stem at a 45-degree angle. Make the cut above the area where the leaf grows out of the stem.
Cultivation:PruningDetail
Do I need to prune my Arabian coffee?
The Arabian coffee is a low-maintenance, winter-hardy, and drought-resistant evergreen perennial plant. This means it can thrive almost anywhere. This unique plant grows well indoors, as well as in many outdoor environments. To keep yours in good health, it’s recommended that you prune it only as needed to control growth and maintain shape. This popular shurb can take up quite a bit of room if left to grow freely. Given enough time, it can be pruned to grow into a small tree. Arabian coffee is very resilient and learning how to prune them is easy.
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When is the best time to prune my Arabian coffee?
A lot of new gardeners shy away from pruning the Arabian coffee because they’re afraid to cut too much. Luckily, Arabian coffee is generally considered to be among the easier and more forgiving plants to prune since regrowth appears quite quickly. Although these perennials are relatively fast-growing, you only need to prune when you spot unsightly overgrowth or damaged leaves. In other words, if your Arabian coffee starts to look uneven or damaged, it may be a good time to prune. If you want to control the size of Arabian coffee, you need to do a strong pruning in winter time, and you can prune to the shape you want. If the shape is appropriate and only small-scale shaping is needed (pruning no more than 1/4 of the total size of the plant), it can be done in summer or autumn. When Arabian coffee is growing, if there are yellowing leaves and diseased leaves, prune off the yellowing leaves at the bottom and the parts of the leaves that have spots due to disease infection, which can effectively reduce the infection. If the number of leaves with spots is relatively large, the number of pruned leaves should not exceed a quarter of the total to avoid affecting the growth of Arabian coffee.
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What should I do after pruning my Arabian coffee?
When pruning your Arabian coffee, always use freshly cleaned shears to prevent the possibility of cross-contamination from other plants. The Arabian coffee has a high tolerance for drought and cold weather, and can even survive irregular watering schedules for short periods. When grown indoors, it prefers temperatures between 65 and 75 °F and should be kept away from air conditioning drafts to prevent discoloration, leaf fall, and other damage.
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How should I prune my Arabian coffee during different seasons or stages of growth?
The good news is that these plants have a medium growth rate which means they cycle through growth stages fairly quickly. Once your plant matures, you can follow normal pruning methods. Arabian coffee is mainly used for leaf viewing, flowers have no ornamental value and will consume nutrients, you can prune the flowers when the plant is in bloom and concentrate the nutrients for the growth of the leaves. If you want to control the size of Arabian coffee, you need to do a strong pruning in winter time, and you can prune to the shape you want. If the shape is appropriate and only small-scale shaping is needed (pruning no more than 1/4 of the total size of the plant), it can be done in summer or autumn. When Arabian coffee is growing, if there are yellowing leaves and diseased leaves, prune off the yellowing leaves at the bottom and the parts of the leaves that have spots due to disease infection, which can effectively reduce the infection. If the number of leaves with spots is relatively large, the number of pruned leaves should not exceed a quarter of the total to avoid affecting the growth of Arabian coffee.
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What tools, techniques and tricks should I use when pruning my Arabian coffee?
Before getting started, it’s best to have a plan. Try to visualize the basic shape and style of how you want your plant to look. Having a goal in mind will help you choose what pruning method and tools to use. Once you have an idea of how you want it to look, it’s time to get ready to prune. Tools Sharp scissors or a pair of hand pruners work great when pruning your Arabian coffee. However, if you keep your Arabian coffee outdoors or allow it to grow freely, you may need a tree pruner to reach higher leaves. How to prune When learning how to prune your Arabian coffee, factors like growth stage, climate, and the current season will give you clues about your plant's pruning needs. Additionally, how you want your plant to look is another thing to consider. If you want to control the size of Arabian coffee, you need to do a strong pruning in winter time, and you can prune to the shape you want. For example, if you want your plant to be short and round, cutting from the top and pruning any leggy parts will be your best bet. If you want a tall, slender appearance, cut from the bottom and sides to limit the spread of growth to encourage vertical growth. If the shape is appropriate and only small-scale shaping is needed (pruning no more than 1/4 of the total size of the plant), it can be done in summer or autumn. To simplify the process, here are a few tips to remember:
  1. Leave the main stalk in place and trim around it.
  2. Trim off any dead or unhealthy-looking branches and remove or cut any “suckers”
  3. Use shears, scissors, or your fingers to cut or pinch just below the bud, branch, or stem.
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What are common problems when pruning my Arabian coffee and how can I fix them?
One major concern when it comes to pruning the Arabian coffee is the possibility of mites, disease, and infection from the laceration left behind after pruning. This can be lessened by pruning at an angle and monitoring the site until healed. Additionally, taking special care to not overwater to prevent the soil from becoming too damp can minimize the risk of spider mites and aphids.
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Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail

What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Arabian coffee?

The arabian coffee naturally grows in tropical and subtropical climates, and it cannot tolerate freezing temperatures. For optimum growth, day temperatures must be between 21 to 27 ℃, as temperatures below 13 ℃ may result in wilting and dropping of leaves. Keep humidity levels above 50%. Like most plants, the arabian coffee does not perform well in waterlogged conditions.
Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail
What is the optimal temperature for Arabian coffee?
For this tropical plant to thrive, you’ll want to keep them between 75℉ and 90℉ (25-32℃). Each species can handle temperatures outside of this range, but keeping it within several degrees of these limits will ensure they grow to their maximum potential.
As for its extreme temperature limits, any environment below 50℉ (10℃) or above 95℉ (35℃) will begin to hinder its growth and cause various aberrations to its leaves and stems. This is especially true with low temperatures; even a light frost can cause your tropical plants to perish. Cellular death can begin to happen at a rapid pace, with some species dying in as little as 12 to 24 hours.
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Does Arabian coffee require different temperatures for different growing phases?
While Arabian coffee doesn’t require any changes in temperature to enter different growing phases, it is important to stay consistent. Wild temperature fluctuations can slow down its growth regardless of its current phase, so it's always better to keep them in a controlled environment. That optimal temperature range of 75℉ and 90℉ (25-32℃) is vital to maintain, especially staying above the lower limit. Going above 90℉(32℃) isn’t ideal, but as tropical plant it won’t suffer too much. On the other hand, going below 50℉ (10℃) (and especially 40℉/5℃) will begin to directly damage this heat-loving plant species.
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Does Arabian coffee need different temperatures for different seasons?
Arabian coffee does not need different temperatures for different growing seasons. The most important step in seasonal care is to keep the environment within the optimal temperature range. That's why it's always best to keep this plant indoors. That way, you can control the temperature no matter what the climate is like outside.
Light is also important for tropical species, with all of these plants preferring a partial side level of sun exposure. This means any light they receive needs to be dappled or filtered, with bright but indirect light being the best option when growing your plants indoors. Too much direct sunlight can negatively affect your plant’s leaves, reducing its growth potential.
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What are the temperature guidelines to keep your Arabian coffee healthy?
Tip #1: Don’t Leave Your Plant Near Windows in Colder Months
If you want to make sure your plant isn’t exposed to colder temperatures, you may want to keep them away from windows. In colder months like late fall and winter, even the smallest draft can leak cold air into your home through cracks in your windows. While this air usually dissipates and warms up as it travels throughout your home, any plants placed in close proximity to the window will be affected. Move your tropical plants into an area where they will still get bright but indirect light, while making sure they won’t be affected by potential drafts.
Tip #2: If You Find Dry Patches, Your Plant May Be Getting Too Much Sunlight or Heat
You may notice the leaves become white or even scorched on a sunny day. These discolorations and unusual markings usually indicate that a plant is getting too much heat or sunlight, and it may be dehydrated. Excess light and heat will dry out the soil, stopping plants from getting the moisture they need to support their cellular structure. It also slows down or stops the process of photosynthesis, further hindering growth. If ignored for too long, these dry spots can spread and eventually result in the death of your plants.
Tip #3: Avoid Frost at All Costs
Colder temperatures and frost can damage your plants by causing ice crystals or disrupt normal physiological activity. This makes it nearly impossible for water to move freely throughout plant tissue, creating a deficit of moisture in their stems and leaves. You can tell a plant has been damaged by frost if it begins to suffer from hydrosis (it will appear as though it's soaked with water.) If the problem persists, your plants may begin shriveling and turning a dark brown or black hue. After that, the plant will almost certainly die.
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What is the best way to maintain the right temperature for my Arabian coffee?
The best way to maintain the right temperature range for Arabian coffee is by keeping an eye on both the climate and humidity. You’ll want to try to keep each species in a room where you have access to climate control, keeping the heat in the temperature range best mimics its natural habitat. The humidity levels will also have a direct effect on temperature, so it's important to monitor these as well. You can artificially raise the humidity of your growing space by using a humidifier or lightly misting the leaves with water.
If you intend to grow this species outside, you may find it difficult to maintain the right balance of temperature and humidity. If temperatures begin to drop or the air becomes too dry, your best option is to find room within your home and move your plant inside. An indoor growing space will allow you to control the climate more closely, helping your plant reach its full potential.
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Cultivation:SoilDetail

What Soil is Best for Arabian coffee?

Although the arabian coffee can tolerate a variety of soil types, it grows best in fertile and well-draining soil. If potting, a soil mixture of horticultural sand and peat moss works well for this type of plant, and make sure that the pot or container has drainage holes. The ideal soil pH is between 4.2 to 6.0 - it prefers a slightly acidic soil since alkaline soils with a pH above 7.0 may lead to yellowing of the leaves.
Cultivation:SoilDetail
Cultivation:PlantingDetail

How to Plant Arabian coffee?

Arabian coffee can be grown from cuttings, but the easiest method is by sowing fresh mature seeds. Pre-germination is a crucial step when planting by seeds. Soak fresh seeds in water for 24 hours, drain, and sow in wet vermiculite or damp sand. Fresh seeds will begin to grow after about two months, but older seeds may take up to six months.
Arabian coffee can be grown indoors as a houseplant in cooler climates by using a well-draining pot or container. You may need to transfer your plant to a bigger pot with fresh soil after a year or two, to allow room for the roots to grow and spread.
Cultivation:PlantingDetail
Cultivation:HarvestDetail

How to Harvest Arabian coffee?

Typically, arabian coffee has only one major harvest per year, usually during the cooler, dry season. The harvest season can last for two to four months, and sometimes up to six months as the fruits ripen. There are several methods for harvesting this plant, but the best options for home growers are manual harvesting by hand, including both strip picking and selective picking.
Cultivation:HarvestDetail
PlantCare:TransplantSummary

How to Transplant Arabian coffee?

Ideally, transplant arabian coffee during early summer and late summer months, as these provide optimal growing conditions. Choose a location with well-draining soil and partial shade. Remember, gently tease the roots if pot bound and water well after transplanting.
PlantCare:TransplantSummary
Cultivation:PottingSuggestions

How to Repot Arabian coffee?

Needs excellent drainage in pots.
Cultivation:PottingSuggestions
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More Info on Arabian Coffee Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Arabian coffee originates from the high, moist and cool plateaus of Ethiopia and Sudan, where rainfall is ample and consistent throughout the year. This translates to their liking for regular and consistent watering, maintaining a moist (but not waterlogged or saturated) soil condition. Sudden dry spells or overwatering can be detrimental, mimicking their native, consistent rainfall environment.
Watering Techniques
Lighting
Partial sun
Arabian coffee thrives in an environment with moderate solar exposure, though it can adapt to both more and less light. The plant's origin, a habitat with intermittent sun and shade, influences this versatility. Inadequate or surplus light could impact its healthy growth, leading to weakened vitality.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
5 - 43 ℃
The arabian coffee thrives in temperatures ranging from 68 to 100 ℉ (20 to 38 ℃) in its native growth environment. However, it can tolerate temperatures as low as 50 ℉ (10 ℃) and as high as 86 ℉ (30 ℃). During cooler seasons, it's recommended to keep the plant indoors or in a greenhouse to protect it from frost or extreme heat.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Transplant
72-84 inches
Ideally, transplant arabian coffee during early summer and late summer months, as these provide optimal growing conditions. Choose a location with well-draining soil and partial shade. Remember, gently tease the roots if pot bound and water well after transplanting.
Transplant Techniques
Pollination
Normal
Arabian coffee unfolds an exhilarating dance of nature, where bees perform as the principal pollinators. Its captivating aroma and nectar-rich flowers draw these tiny champions, setting the stage for an effective pollination mechanism. The pollination timing is usually synchronized beautifully with the active hours of its pollinators, resulting in effective cross-pollination and the birth of luscious coffee beans.
Pollination Techniques
Overwinter
5 - 43 ℃
Arabian coffee originates from tropical highlands, offering natural resistance to brief cold snaps. It cherishes stable temperatures (15-24°C), despising frost. Its leaves may wither under extreme cold conditions. Gardeners should consider over-wintering it indoors, or ensuring heavy mulching and windbreaks in milder climates. Consistent watering and protection from harsh drafts will further aid in helping arabian coffee successfully over-winter.
Winter Techniques
Pruning
Winter
A renowned evergreen shrub known for its glossy leaves and cherries that house coffee beans, arabian coffee thrives with proper pruning. Essential techniques include removing dead or diseased branches, thinning overcrowded areas to improve air circulation, and shaping for balanced growth. Optimal pruning should occur in winter to prepare for the subsequent growing season. Pruning heightens yield and bean quality, while also maintaining plant health and vigor.
Pruning techniques
Propagation
Spring, Summer
Arabian coffee propagates ideally during Spring and Summer using cuttings. This method may pose some difficulty. Signs of successful propagation are new leaf growth and root development. Ensure a consistent, warm temperature for improved success.
Propagation Techniques
Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a destructive disease that affects Arabian coffee, causing severe leaf changes and affecting the overall plant health. The disease, caused primarily by pathogens, can dramatically minimize crop yield if not appropriately managed.
Learn More About the Disease
Brown blotch
Brown spot, a significant disease affecting Arabian coffee, initiates leaf browning, reduction in fruit production and bear ill-taste. Caused due to fungi, it's a moderately infectious and lethal disease, demanding vigilant prevention and cure.
Learn More About the Disease
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that attacks Arabian coffee, leading to severe crop damage if left untreated. It causes leaf discoloration, premature leaf drop, and overall health deterioration, impeding the growth and productivity of the plant.
Learn More About the Disease
Wilting
Wilting is a fatal disease that affects Arabian coffee, creating noticeable damage like wilting leaves, stunted growth, and eventually plant death. The disease is highly infectious and moderately lethal, primarily caused by pathogens and poor growing conditions.
Learn More About the Disease
Feng shui direction
Southeast
The arabian coffee plant, being a symbol of prosperity in some cultures, might influence positive Chi according to Feng Shui's elemental principle. When facing Southeast, which is associated with wealth and luck in Feng Shui, it could enhance these attributes. Yet, the effect is subjective, depending on individual interactions with the plant and environment.
Fengshui Details
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Seasonal Care Tips

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Spring

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Summer

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Fall

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Winter

Tropical plants like your plant require some care in the spring.

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Early spring is the ideal time to remove any overgrowth and dead vines or branches.
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2
A monthly application of diluted all-purpose liquid fertilizer will encourage healthy growth and blooming. Make sure to apply the fertilizer before buds start appearing.
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3
Water whenever the top layer of soil is beginning to dry out.
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4
Move any container plants to a sunny location to strengthen growth.
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Carefully prune older, new growth for propagation. Coating the cutting in rooting hormone will help establish the new plant.

To encourage flowering or fruiting, the plant requires some care.

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1
Ensure the plant is receiving plenty of sunlight.
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2
Keep an eye out for diseases and pests in the summer.
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Watering frequency may also need increasing, depending on the amount of weekly rainfall.
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4
Continue fertilizing once or twice a month to support flowering or fruiting.
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5
Container plants receiving more than six or so hours of sunlight a day may require relocating to a partially shady location.
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New plants can be propagated from root or stem shoots. Carefully remove the cutting, coat in a rotting hormone powder, and plant in a container.

While your plant is growing in the fall, continue the monthly fertilization and make sure the plant receives the water and misting it needs to thrive.

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Keep the soil moist, watering whenever the soil becomes dry, and fertilize the plant monthly with a diluted, liquid, all-purpose fertilizer.
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Make sure your plant continues to take in bright sunlight through this season, which will help promote growth throughout the season.
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3
To propagate the plant, you can take cuttings at this time and repot them.
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4
Continue to watch out for pests and diseases, such as scales and mealybugs.

Continue to care for your plant during winter, even though it won’t need as much attention as during the months of active growth.

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1
Keep this plant indoors in freezing winter climates to best protect it and allow it to regrow during the spring.
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2
During the winter, your plant isn't greedy for water, but does require bright light. You can reduce watering to a minimum during this time.
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3
Keep the plant in bright sunlight even during the winter. Avoid feeding the plant during this restful season. Other than giving it some cold protection and sunlight, you can almost leave the plant to itself.
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Common Pests & Diseases

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Common issues for Arabian coffee based on 10 million real cases
Leaf blight
Leaf blight Leaf blight
Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a destructive disease that affects Arabian coffee, causing severe leaf changes and affecting the overall plant health. The disease, caused primarily by pathogens, can dramatically minimize crop yield if not appropriately managed.
Brown blotch
Brown blotch Brown blotch
Brown blotch
Brown spot, a significant disease affecting Arabian coffee, initiates leaf browning, reduction in fruit production and bear ill-taste. Caused due to fungi, it's a moderately infectious and lethal disease, demanding vigilant prevention and cure.
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that attacks Arabian coffee, leading to severe crop damage if left untreated. It causes leaf discoloration, premature leaf drop, and overall health deterioration, impeding the growth and productivity of the plant.
Wilting
Wilting Wilting
Wilting
Wilting is a fatal disease that affects Arabian coffee, creating noticeable damage like wilting leaves, stunted growth, and eventually plant death. The disease is highly infectious and moderately lethal, primarily caused by pathogens and poor growing conditions.
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Scars
Scars Scars
Scars
Any light-colored markings that appear on stems but which do not enlarge or multiply are simply scars that have healed.
Solutions: Each source of scarring requires a different approach to help your plant recover. Protect the trunk and leaves from physical damage like scrapes. If pests or disease are the cause of scarring, isolate the plant from others to avoid further spread. Some pests can be removed with organic remedies such as a soft cloth and soapy water solution or diluted isopropyl alcohol spray. Stop sunburn by moving your plant away from direct sunlight and making sure it has the water it needs. Frequent leaf or bud loss may be due to insufficient light or nutrients.
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Leaf blight
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf blight Disease on Arabian coffee?
What is Leaf blight Disease on Arabian coffee?
Leaf blight is a destructive disease that affects Arabian coffee, causing severe leaf changes and affecting the overall plant health. The disease, caused primarily by pathogens, can dramatically minimize crop yield if not appropriately managed.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Leaf blight leads to key symptoms like brown or yellow lesions on leaves, leaf shedding, and in severe cases, plant death. Also, the plague can inhibit the maturation process of Arabian coffee, diminishing the overall harvest.
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Arabian coffee?
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Arabian coffee?
1
Fungi
The primary cause is a fungus, such as the Colletotrichum fungus.
2
Climate
High humidity, frequent rainfall, and warm temperatures can accelerate disease development.
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Arabian coffee?
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Arabian coffee?
1
Non pesticide
Pruning: Regular pruning of affected plants reduces fungal spore sources.

Sanitation: Removing and disposing of infected plant parts prevents disease spread.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Application of appropriate fungicides helps control the disease.

Biological Control: Use of bio-controls like Trichoderma spp. can keep the disease in check.
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Brown blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch Disease on Arabian coffee?
What is Brown blotch Disease on Arabian coffee?
Brown spot, a significant disease affecting Arabian coffee, initiates leaf browning, reduction in fruit production and bear ill-taste. Caused due to fungi, it's a moderately infectious and lethal disease, demanding vigilant prevention and cure.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Arabian coffee's leaves show round brown lesions, often surrounded with yellowish halos. As the disease progresses, defoliation occurs, resulting in a severe decline in fruit production and altering the fruit's taste.
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Arabian coffee?
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Arabian coffee?
1
Pathogen
Cercospora coffeicola, a fungus that thrives in humid conditions leads to Brown spot.
2
Environmental factors
Poor ventilation, stagnant water, and temperature fluctuations further its spread.
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Arabian coffee?
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Arabian coffee?
1
Non pesticide
Plant hygiene: Maintain hygiene by regular pruning and reduce plant density for proper ventilation.

Soil management: Drain stagnant water, employ well-drained soils and rotate crops to reduce fungal load.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Spraying fungicides, like chlorothalonil and mancozeb, can help control the disease.

Copper spray applications: These can suppress disease development if applied promptly.
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Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Arabian coffee?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Arabian coffee?
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that attacks Arabian coffee, leading to severe crop damage if left untreated. It causes leaf discoloration, premature leaf drop, and overall health deterioration, impeding the growth and productivity of the plant.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Symptoms include yellow-brown discoloration of leaves, a water-soaked appearance, leaf curling, and eventual leaf drop. On more advanced stages, Arabian coffee may exhibit stunted growth, or in severe cases, plant death.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Arabian coffee?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Arabian coffee?
1
Fungus
The disease is predominantly caused by a fungi group called Phytophthora, which thrives in humid and wet conditions.
2
Environmental factors
Overwatering, inadequate drainage, and poor air circulation also contribute to the disease's onset and severity.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Arabian coffee?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Arabian coffee?
1
Non pesticide
Optimal watering practice: Avoid overwatering Arabian coffee to reduce soil moisture levels.

Good hygiene: Regularly remove fallen leaves and debris from the plant vicinity to lower pathogen concentration.

Proper plant spacing: Ensuring adequate space between plants will improve air circulation, reducing fungal activity.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Apply fungicides that contain mefenoxam or metalaxyl, which are effective in controlling Phytophthora. Always follow manufacturer instructions during application.
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Wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Wilting Disease on Arabian coffee?
What is Wilting Disease on Arabian coffee?
Wilting is a fatal disease that affects Arabian coffee, creating noticeable damage like wilting leaves, stunted growth, and eventually plant death. The disease is highly infectious and moderately lethal, primarily caused by pathogens and poor growing conditions.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Initial symptoms include yellowing leaves that wilt, despite regular watering. Advanced stages involve entire branches wilting and dying off. Over time, the entire Arabian coffee plant may die.
What Causes Wilting Disease on Arabian coffee?
What Causes Wilting Disease on Arabian coffee?
1
Pathogens
Wilting is primarily caused by pathogens, particularly fungi like Verticillium and Fusarium, which invade the plant's vascular system.
2
Poor Soil Conditions
Excessively damp, non-draining soil provokes these pathogens, making Arabian coffee more susceptible to wilting.
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Arabian coffee?
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Arabian coffee?
1
Non pesticide
Improving Soil Conditions: Ensuring optimal drainage and avoiding waterlogged soils can help manage the disease.

Sanitation: Regularly removing and destroying infected plant parts decreases disease spread.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Applying fungicides can control the disease, especially if initiated at early symptoms.

Systemic Pesticides: These can aid in managing the disease, as they are absorbed by the plant and defend against invading pathogens.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
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Scars
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Scars
Any light-colored markings that appear on stems but which do not enlarge or multiply are simply scars that have healed.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Scars form when the plant repairs wounds. They can be the result of people or pets passing by and scraping the plant. Once the underlying issue is resolved, the plant will heal but a scar may remain.
Pests and pathogens can also cause scarring. Insects may attack the plant for a meal, resulting in extensive scarring when a few invaders turn into an infestation. Diseases such as fungus and bacteria can weaken the plant, causing brown spots, mushy areas, or blisters that lead to scars.
Scars occur on stems when a leaf or bud has been lost and the plant has healed. The harder tissue is like a scab that protects a wound.
On other occasions, scars can signal problems from environmental conditions, such as overexposure to sunlight or heat. It might surprise you to know that plants can suffer from sunburn, even desert dwellers like cactus!
Solutions
Solutions
Each source of scarring requires a different approach to help your plant recover.
  1. Protect the trunk and leaves from physical damage like scrapes.
  2. If pests or disease are the cause of scarring, isolate the plant from others to avoid further spread. Some pests can be removed with organic remedies such as a soft cloth and soapy water solution or diluted isopropyl alcohol spray.
  3. Stop sunburn by moving your plant away from direct sunlight and making sure it has the water it needs.
  4. Frequent leaf or bud loss may be due to insufficient light or nutrients.
Prevention
Prevention
Preventing some sources of scarring is easier than others, but all start with careful attention to your plants once you decide to bring them home.
  1. Review specific guidelines for your plant, including soil drainage, watering, and fertilizer requirements.
  2. Inspect plants before planting and use sterile pots and fresh potting soil or media to limit transfer of fungi or bacteria.
  3. Once established, check your plants regularly for signs of scarring or the presence of pests, as it is better to catch problems as early as possible.
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More About Arabian Coffee

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Plant Type
Plant Type
Shrub
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Spread
Spread
2.5 to 4.5 m
Bloom Time
Bloom Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer
Flower Color
Flower Color
White
Leaf Color
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
Flower Size
9 to 15 mm
Plant Height
Plant Height
5 to 8 m

Name story

Arabian coffee
This plant got its botanical name around the 7th century when this coffee bean crossed the Red Sea from Ethiopia to Yemen and lower Arabia. Therefore, the term arabica is given to the plant as its specific epithet and it is commonly called Arabian coffee.

Usages

Garden Use
Arabian coffee is the most commonly grown coffee bean around the world. For landscaping, it is often used to add a tropical feel without taking up too much space since it doesn't grow very large. It is used to add appealing color to a garden and for its coffee beans. It can be found in botanical gardens and in the sunny spots of hobby gardens. Its companion plants include azaleas, carrots, and radishes, which thrive in the same soil and can be boosted by the acid of this plant.
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Common Problems

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Why are my arabian coffee leaves turning brown and falling off?

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One condition that arabian coffee dislikes is extreme sunlight. When exposed to too much direct light, the leaves of the plant may scorch, turn brown, or even fall off. Although the damage is irreversible, you can still help your plant to recover by giving it the right conditions. Transfer it to an area with light shade, and provide it with sufficient water.

Why are my arabian coffee leaves turning yellow?

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Several factors cause this, with one being soil condition. Arabian coffee highly benefits from a slightly acidic soil, since this mimics the plant’s natural habitat. When the soil is alkaline, the plant tends to exhibit unattractive yellowing of the leaves. Another cause of yellowing foliage relates to nitrogen intake. The right levels of nitrogen are what will give your plant healthy and dark green leaves. Thus, the leaves turn yellow when the plant has too little or too much nitrogen.
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Caring for a New Plant

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The following pictures and instructions for tropical plant are aimed to help your plants adapt and thrive in a new environment.
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Picking a Healthy Tropical Plant
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Check Its Health

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Whole Plant
Symmetrical crown, evenly distributed branches, full and compact shape, no excessive growth, close internodes, and uniform leaf size.
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Branches
The branches are not withered, and the trunk is free of boreholes or damage.
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Leaves
Check the inside of the plant, shaded and overlapping areas, back of leaves. Even colour, no yellowing, no brown spots, no crawling insects, no cobwebs, no deformities, no wilting.
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Stems
No mold, browning or soft rot at the base of the plant.
health-trouble

Health Troubleshooting

Whole Plant
trouble-image
more 1 Asymmetrical crown or missing, uneven branching: prune the weak and slender branches of the larger portion of the asymmetrical crown, then trim the overgrown larger branches.
trouble-image
more 2 Internodes are longer in the upper part, leaves are sparse and smaller on top: increase light intensity or duration.
Branches
trouble-image
more 1 Dry branches: check if the branch is still alive by peeling back a small section of bark and trim away any dry branches. Watch out for signs of insect infestation inside the branch.
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more 2 Bark with holes: inject insecticide into the holes and apply systemic insecticide to the roots.
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more 3 Damaged bark: brush on a wound-healing agent, and avoid getting it wet.
Stems
trouble-image
Mildew, browning, or soft rot at the base: place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment and water with fungicide.
Leaves
trouble-image
more 1 Uneven leaf color and yellowing: prune yellow leaves and check if there are signs of rot at the base of the plant. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
trouble-image
more 2 Brown spots or small yellow spots: place the plant in a ventilated area and avoid watering the leaves. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
trouble-image
more 3 Tiny crawling insects on the back of leaves or spider webs between leaves: increase light exposure and spray with insecticide for severe cases.
trouble-image
more 4 Deformations or missing parts on leaves: determine if it's physical damage or pest infestation. Linear or tearing damage is physical, while the rest are pests. Spray with insecticide.
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more 5 Wilting leaves: provide partial shade and avoid excessive sun exposure. Remove 1/3 to 1/2 of the leaves for severe cases.
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Check Its Growing Conditions

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Soil Check
Soil should smell fresh like after a rain and no musty odor.
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Light Check
Check the light requirement of the plant and if it match with planting location.
check
Ventilation Check
Ensure good ventilation.
check
Temperature Check
Check if the current outdoor temperature is too low or too high.
condition-trouble

Condition Troubleshooting

check
Soil
Potting mix soil, Peat moss mix soil
Soil smells musty or foul: check the root system for decay, place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment, and water with fungicide.
check
Suitable Light
Partial sun, Full sun
Insufficient light: Indoor plants can handle reduced light but not full shade. Periodically moving the plant to a sunnier spot can help compensate for nutrient depletion in dim conditions.
Transplant recovery: Shade, place in bright diffused light. Gradually increase light after 3 days without wilting. If transplanted/repotted or lost leaves, shade for a week. Increase light if yellowing and leaf drop occur.
check
Ideal Temperature
10℃ to 35℃
Temperature is too low or too high: Indoors usually meets plant needs. Don't place outside below 50℉ (10℃) or above 86℉ (30℃).
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Ventilation
Well Ventilated
Non-ventilated environment: can lead to root rot, diseases, and flower drop. Place plants in a well-ventilated location, such as a window.
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Adapting Your New Tropical Plant
Step 1
condition-image
Repotting
Transplanting is possible but not necessary. Clean the roots by removing any rotten or blackened roots. Be careful when removing the plant from its pot to keep the root system intact and avoid spreading the soil. If the roots are too tangled, gently spread them out and trim as needed. For planting, mix a small amount of well-rotted organic fertilizer into the bottom of the soil. Use loose and airy floral soil for planting and press the soil down slightly after planting. Water the soil promptly and thoroughly after planting.
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Step 2
condition-image
Pruning
Not usually needed. Cut off yellow or diseased leaves and crowded leaves that appear wilted or falling.
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Step 3
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Watering
Increase watering in the first week to keep soil moist. Water when soil is slightly dry, for at least 2 weeks. Avoid over-watering. Do not water when there is water on your fingers after touching the soil.
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Step 4
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Fertilizing
Add a small amount of base fertilizer during transplanting or repotting. No other fertilizer needed for the first month.
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Arabian Coffee
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Repotting
Clean roots, avoid soil spreading, use organic fertilizer, plant in loose soil, water thoroughly.
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Pruning
Cut off yellow or diseased leaves and crowded leaves that appear wilted or falling.
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Watering
Water new plants more often for 2 weeks. Avoid over/under watering by checking the soil.
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Fertilizing
Add base fertilizer during transplanting. No other fertilizer is needed for the first month.
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Sunlight
Regular sun exposure for indoor plants. Shade after transplanting/repotting, then gradually increase light if there is no wilting. Increase light if yellowing and leaf drop occur.
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main-image
Arabian Coffee
label-image
Repotting
Clean roots, avoid soil spreading, use organic fertilizer, plant in loose soil, water thoroughly.
label-image
Pruning
Cut off yellow or diseased leaves and crowded leaves that appear wilted or falling.
label-image
Watering
Water new plants more often for 2 weeks. Avoid over/under watering by checking the soil.
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Fertilizing
Add base fertilizer during transplanting. No other fertilizer is needed for the first month.
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Sunlight
Regular sun exposure for indoor plants. Shade after transplanting/repotting, then gradually increase light if there is no wilting. Increase light if yellowing and leaf drop occur.
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Arabian coffee
Arabian coffee
Arabian coffee

How to Care for Arabian Coffee

Arabian coffee (Coffea arabica) is a broadleaf evergreen species native to Ethiopia. Arabian coffee has been cultivated on the Arabian Peninsula for over 1,000 years. This species is currently commercially grown in tropical and subtropical regions all over the planet. The plant is aromatic and smells like jasmine.
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Symbolism

Addiction
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Water Water detail
Sunlight
Partial sun
Sunlight Sunlight detail
care_basic_guide

Basic Care Guide

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Cultivation:WaterDetail

How to Water Arabian coffee?

Cultivation:WaterDetail
Arabian coffee needs lots of water, especially during its active growth phase, so water your plant thoroughly in spring and summer. When watering, it’s crucial to keep the soil damp but not soggy. Avoid overwatering because this can damage your plant.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail

How to Fertilize Arabian coffee?

Cultivation:FertilizerDetail
The arabian coffee will benefit from the right use of fertilizers. Use a half-cup of complete fertilizer and apply it evenly on the ground. The ideal application technique is to form a ring around the plant, making sure not to put any on any part of the plant itself. Ideally, fertilization should be done in spring and summer when the plant is in its active growth stage. Newly repotted coffee should not be fertilized in its first year.
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Fertilizer

Arabian coffee typically have ornamental leaves that can add a sense of lushness to your living spaces. With the right care, that foliage will maintain a consistent color and look healthy all year long. However, an important part of a proper care routine for a Arabian coffee is fertilization. If you don't know when and how to fertilize a Arabian coffee, there is a good chance that your plant may begin to decline or at least fail to live up to its full potential. As such, the following sections will introduce you to how to feed a Arabian coffee the right way.
The primary reason why Arabian coffee needs regular fertilization is that they have showy leaves that require a lot of energy to produce and maintain. The challenge is that your Arabian coffee must not only allot enough energy to keep its leaves in good shape, but it must also find enough energy to support the growth of its stems, branches, roots, and all its other vital structures. If you neglect fertilization, there are two outcomes that are likely to take place. The first is that the leaves of your Arabian coffee will begin to lose their natural color or texture while looking somewhat unhealthy overall, which detracts greatly from its ornamental appeal. The other outcome is that your Arabian coffee will begin to slow its growth overall or produce weak growth that could be prone to breakage.
Arabian coffee will benefit from occasionally feedings , which is why you do not need to set a standard feeding schedule upon planting one of these plants. One of the easiest ways to fertilize your Arabian coffee is to simply apply your fertilizer when you water this plant sometimes. During the growing season, your Arabian coffee will also need a decent amount of water. You could feed this plant once every two-three weeks. This feeding rate should continue during the entire time that your plant is producing new growth.
The fertilizer for a Arabian coffee has a specific blend of nutrients, each of which is present in relatively low amounts. An ideal fertilizer will have an N-P-K ratio of 3-1-2. However, a general-purpose fertilizer that has an even blend of nutrients can work well in some cases. Still, even when using a balanced fertilizer, the ratio number representing the volume of each nutrient should be at 3 or lower. The fertilizer you use can be either granular or liquid based. If you choose to use a liquid-based fertilizer, it is often best to dilute the strength by half. While there is not much downside to granular fertilizer, it is often most sensible to use liquid fertilizer, especially if you feed your Arabian coffee while you supply water.
One of the easiest ways to fertilize a Arabian coffee is to feed it anytime that you water it. To perform this method, gather your fertilizer and a water container, such as a watering can. Then mix the fertilizer with water to dilute its strength. Then, simply pour the water with the fertilizer onto the soil and allow it to soak down to the roots. Alternatively, you could use a granular fertilizer. If you use a granular fertilizer, all you need to do is sprinkle some of the fertilizer on the soil in which your Arabian coffee lives. Granular fertilizers are usually slow-release fertilizers which means you won't need to fertilize as often as you would with a liquid fertilizer. In either case, it is beneficial to water while you feed your Arabian coffee.
The signs of improper fertilization for a Arabian coffee should become obvious relatively quickly. Overfertilization is specifically harmful to this plant, and it can cause several visible signs. The most common signs are browning leaf margins, yellowing leaves, wilting leaves, excess fertilizer build-up in the soil, and loss of foliage.
Arabian coffee are also vulnerable to a complication known as fertilizer burn, in which a plant receives too many nutrients, which causes the roots to dry out and cease their main function. However, if you give your Arabian coffee water while you feed it, it is far less likely that fertilizer burn will occur.
Throughout most of the year, it is permissible to maintain a regular fertilization schedule for your Arabian coffee. During the active growing season of spring, summer, and early fall. However, during the winter, this plant should not receive fertilizer at all.
During winter, Arabian coffee will enter a dormant growth phase. In that phase, the plant will either put forth no new growth or very little new growth. That lack of active growth means that your Arabian coffee will be using less energy overall, which is why fertilization is not needed at that time.
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Cultivation:SunlightDetail

What Are the Sunlight Requirements for Arabian coffee?

Cultivation:SunlightDetail
The arabian coffee grows best in light shade or bright indirect sunlight. Overexposure to direct light often results in scorching and browning of leaves. plant your arabian coffee in an area where it will receive a sufficient amount of light shade. If direct light is unavoidable, only allow it in the mornings, instead of for long periods during the day.
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Cultivation:PruningDetail

How to Prune Arabian coffee?

Cultivation:PruningDetail
Even when used as a houseplant, the arabian coffee still requires pruning as it tends to produce many branches. This practice helps give your plant a better shape and appearance. Use a pair of clean and sharp scissors or pruning shears and cut the stem at a 45-degree angle. Make the cut above the area where the leaf grows out of the stem.
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Advanced Care Guide

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Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail

What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Arabian coffee?

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail
The arabian coffee naturally grows in tropical and subtropical climates, and it cannot tolerate freezing temperatures. For optimum growth, day temperatures must be between 21 to 27 ℃, as temperatures below 13 ℃ may result in wilting and dropping of leaves. Keep humidity levels above 50%. Like most plants, the arabian coffee does not perform well in waterlogged conditions.
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Cultivation:SoilDetail

What Soil is Best for Arabian coffee?

Cultivation:SoilDetail
Although the arabian coffee can tolerate a variety of soil types, it grows best in fertile and well-draining soil. If potting, a soil mixture of horticultural sand and peat moss works well for this type of plant, and make sure that the pot or container has drainage holes. The ideal soil pH is between 4.2 to 6.0 - it prefers a slightly acidic soil since alkaline soils with a pH above 7.0 may lead to yellowing of the leaves.
Cultivation:PlantingDetail

How to Plant Arabian coffee?

Cultivation:PlantingDetail
Arabian coffee can be grown from cuttings, but the easiest method is by sowing fresh mature seeds. Pre-germination is a crucial step when planting by seeds. Soak fresh seeds in water for 24 hours, drain, and sow in wet vermiculite or damp sand. Fresh seeds will begin to grow after about two months, but older seeds may take up to six months.
Arabian coffee can be grown indoors as a houseplant in cooler climates by using a well-draining pot or container. You may need to transfer your plant to a bigger pot with fresh soil after a year or two, to allow room for the roots to grow and spread.
Cultivation:HarvestDetail

How to Harvest Arabian coffee?

Cultivation:HarvestDetail
Typically, arabian coffee has only one major harvest per year, usually during the cooler, dry season. The harvest season can last for two to four months, and sometimes up to six months as the fruits ripen. There are several methods for harvesting this plant, but the best options for home growers are manual harvesting by hand, including both strip picking and selective picking.
PlantCare:TransplantSummary

How to Transplant Arabian coffee?

PlantCare:TransplantSummary
Ideally, transplant arabian coffee during early summer and late summer months, as these provide optimal growing conditions. Choose a location with well-draining soil and partial shade. Remember, gently tease the roots if pot bound and water well after transplanting.
Cultivation:PottingSuggestions

How to Repot Arabian coffee?

Cultivation:PottingSuggestions
Needs excellent drainage in pots.
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Seasonal Care Tips

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Spring

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Fall

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Winter

Tropical plants like your plant require some care in the spring.

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1
Early spring is the ideal time to remove any overgrowth and dead vines or branches.
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A monthly application of diluted all-purpose liquid fertilizer will encourage healthy growth and blooming. Make sure to apply the fertilizer before buds start appearing.
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3
Water whenever the top layer of soil is beginning to dry out.
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4
Move any container plants to a sunny location to strengthen growth.
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5
Carefully prune older, new growth for propagation. Coating the cutting in rooting hormone will help establish the new plant.

To encourage flowering or fruiting, the plant requires some care.

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1
Ensure the plant is receiving plenty of sunlight.
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Keep an eye out for diseases and pests in the summer.
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Watering frequency may also need increasing, depending on the amount of weekly rainfall.
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Continue fertilizing once or twice a month to support flowering or fruiting.
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5
Container plants receiving more than six or so hours of sunlight a day may require relocating to a partially shady location.
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New plants can be propagated from root or stem shoots. Carefully remove the cutting, coat in a rotting hormone powder, and plant in a container.

While your plant is growing in the fall, continue the monthly fertilization and make sure the plant receives the water and misting it needs to thrive.

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1
Keep the soil moist, watering whenever the soil becomes dry, and fertilize the plant monthly with a diluted, liquid, all-purpose fertilizer.
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Make sure your plant continues to take in bright sunlight through this season, which will help promote growth throughout the season.
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3
To propagate the plant, you can take cuttings at this time and repot them.
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Continue to watch out for pests and diseases, such as scales and mealybugs.

Continue to care for your plant during winter, even though it won’t need as much attention as during the months of active growth.

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Keep this plant indoors in freezing winter climates to best protect it and allow it to regrow during the spring.
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During the winter, your plant isn't greedy for water, but does require bright light. You can reduce watering to a minimum during this time.
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3
Keep the plant in bright sunlight even during the winter. Avoid feeding the plant during this restful season. Other than giving it some cold protection and sunlight, you can almost leave the plant to itself.
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Common Pests & Diseases

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Common issues for Arabian coffee based on 10 million real cases
Leaf blight
Leaf blight Leaf blight Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a destructive disease that affects Arabian coffee, causing severe leaf changes and affecting the overall plant health. The disease, caused primarily by pathogens, can dramatically minimize crop yield if not appropriately managed.
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Brown blotch
Brown blotch Brown blotch Brown blotch
Brown spot, a significant disease affecting Arabian coffee, initiates leaf browning, reduction in fruit production and bear ill-taste. Caused due to fungi, it's a moderately infectious and lethal disease, demanding vigilant prevention and cure.
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Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that attacks Arabian coffee, leading to severe crop damage if left untreated. It causes leaf discoloration, premature leaf drop, and overall health deterioration, impeding the growth and productivity of the plant.
Learn More About the Leaf rot more
Wilting
Wilting Wilting Wilting
Wilting is a fatal disease that affects Arabian coffee, creating noticeable damage like wilting leaves, stunted growth, and eventually plant death. The disease is highly infectious and moderately lethal, primarily caused by pathogens and poor growing conditions.
Learn More About the Wilting more
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
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Scars
Scars Scars Scars
Any light-colored markings that appear on stems but which do not enlarge or multiply are simply scars that have healed.
Solutions: Each source of scarring requires a different approach to help your plant recover. Protect the trunk and leaves from physical damage like scrapes. If pests or disease are the cause of scarring, isolate the plant from others to avoid further spread. Some pests can be removed with organic remedies such as a soft cloth and soapy water solution or diluted isopropyl alcohol spray. Stop sunburn by moving your plant away from direct sunlight and making sure it has the water it needs. Frequent leaf or bud loss may be due to insufficient light or nutrients.
Learn More About the Scars more
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Leaf blight
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf blight Disease on Arabian coffee?
What is Leaf blight Disease on Arabian coffee?
Leaf blight is a destructive disease that affects Arabian coffee, causing severe leaf changes and affecting the overall plant health. The disease, caused primarily by pathogens, can dramatically minimize crop yield if not appropriately managed.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Leaf blight leads to key symptoms like brown or yellow lesions on leaves, leaf shedding, and in severe cases, plant death. Also, the plague can inhibit the maturation process of Arabian coffee, diminishing the overall harvest.
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Arabian coffee?
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Arabian coffee?
1
Fungi
The primary cause is a fungus, such as the Colletotrichum fungus.
2
Climate
High humidity, frequent rainfall, and warm temperatures can accelerate disease development.
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Arabian coffee?
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Arabian coffee?
1
Non pesticide
Pruning: Regular pruning of affected plants reduces fungal spore sources.

Sanitation: Removing and disposing of infected plant parts prevents disease spread.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Application of appropriate fungicides helps control the disease.

Biological Control: Use of bio-controls like Trichoderma spp. can keep the disease in check.
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Brown blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch Disease on Arabian coffee?
What is Brown blotch Disease on Arabian coffee?
Brown spot, a significant disease affecting Arabian coffee, initiates leaf browning, reduction in fruit production and bear ill-taste. Caused due to fungi, it's a moderately infectious and lethal disease, demanding vigilant prevention and cure.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Arabian coffee's leaves show round brown lesions, often surrounded with yellowish halos. As the disease progresses, defoliation occurs, resulting in a severe decline in fruit production and altering the fruit's taste.
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Arabian coffee?
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Arabian coffee?
1
Pathogen
Cercospora coffeicola, a fungus that thrives in humid conditions leads to Brown spot.
2
Environmental factors
Poor ventilation, stagnant water, and temperature fluctuations further its spread.
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Arabian coffee?
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Arabian coffee?
1
Non pesticide
Plant hygiene: Maintain hygiene by regular pruning and reduce plant density for proper ventilation.

Soil management: Drain stagnant water, employ well-drained soils and rotate crops to reduce fungal load.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Spraying fungicides, like chlorothalonil and mancozeb, can help control the disease.

Copper spray applications: These can suppress disease development if applied promptly.
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Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Arabian coffee?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Arabian coffee?
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that attacks Arabian coffee, leading to severe crop damage if left untreated. It causes leaf discoloration, premature leaf drop, and overall health deterioration, impeding the growth and productivity of the plant.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Symptoms include yellow-brown discoloration of leaves, a water-soaked appearance, leaf curling, and eventual leaf drop. On more advanced stages, Arabian coffee may exhibit stunted growth, or in severe cases, plant death.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Arabian coffee?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Arabian coffee?
1
Fungus
The disease is predominantly caused by a fungi group called Phytophthora, which thrives in humid and wet conditions.
2
Environmental factors
Overwatering, inadequate drainage, and poor air circulation also contribute to the disease's onset and severity.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Arabian coffee?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Arabian coffee?
1
Non pesticide
Optimal watering practice: Avoid overwatering Arabian coffee to reduce soil moisture levels.

Good hygiene: Regularly remove fallen leaves and debris from the plant vicinity to lower pathogen concentration.

Proper plant spacing: Ensuring adequate space between plants will improve air circulation, reducing fungal activity.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Apply fungicides that contain mefenoxam or metalaxyl, which are effective in controlling Phytophthora. Always follow manufacturer instructions during application.
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Wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Wilting Disease on Arabian coffee?
What is Wilting Disease on Arabian coffee?
Wilting is a fatal disease that affects Arabian coffee, creating noticeable damage like wilting leaves, stunted growth, and eventually plant death. The disease is highly infectious and moderately lethal, primarily caused by pathogens and poor growing conditions.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Initial symptoms include yellowing leaves that wilt, despite regular watering. Advanced stages involve entire branches wilting and dying off. Over time, the entire Arabian coffee plant may die.
What Causes Wilting Disease on Arabian coffee?
What Causes Wilting Disease on Arabian coffee?
1
Pathogens
Wilting is primarily caused by pathogens, particularly fungi like Verticillium and Fusarium, which invade the plant's vascular system.
2
Poor Soil Conditions
Excessively damp, non-draining soil provokes these pathogens, making Arabian coffee more susceptible to wilting.
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Arabian coffee?
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Arabian coffee?
1
Non pesticide
Improving Soil Conditions: Ensuring optimal drainage and avoiding waterlogged soils can help manage the disease.

Sanitation: Regularly removing and destroying infected plant parts decreases disease spread.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Applying fungicides can control the disease, especially if initiated at early symptoms.

Systemic Pesticides: These can aid in managing the disease, as they are absorbed by the plant and defend against invading pathogens.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
Solutions
Solutions
In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary.
Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading.
  1. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear.
  2. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread.
  3. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Prevention
Prevention
Like many other diseases, it is easier to prevent brown spot than cure it, and this is done through cultural practices.
  • Clear fall leaves from the ground before winter to minimize places where fungi and bacteria can overwinter.
  • Maintain good air movement between plants through proper plant spacing.
  • Increase air circulation through the center of plants through pruning.
  • Thoroughly clean all pruning tools after working with diseased plants.
  • Never dispose of disease plant material in a compost pile.
  • Avoid overhead watering to keep moisture off of the foliage.
  • Keep plants healthy by providing adequate sunlight, water, and fertilizer.
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Scars
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Scars
Any light-colored markings that appear on stems but which do not enlarge or multiply are simply scars that have healed.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Scars form when the plant repairs wounds. They can be the result of people or pets passing by and scraping the plant. Once the underlying issue is resolved, the plant will heal but a scar may remain.
Pests and pathogens can also cause scarring. Insects may attack the plant for a meal, resulting in extensive scarring when a few invaders turn into an infestation. Diseases such as fungus and bacteria can weaken the plant, causing brown spots, mushy areas, or blisters that lead to scars.
Scars occur on stems when a leaf or bud has been lost and the plant has healed. The harder tissue is like a scab that protects a wound.
On other occasions, scars can signal problems from environmental conditions, such as overexposure to sunlight or heat. It might surprise you to know that plants can suffer from sunburn, even desert dwellers like cactus!
Solutions
Solutions
Each source of scarring requires a different approach to help your plant recover.
  1. Protect the trunk and leaves from physical damage like scrapes.
  2. If pests or disease are the cause of scarring, isolate the plant from others to avoid further spread. Some pests can be removed with organic remedies such as a soft cloth and soapy water solution or diluted isopropyl alcohol spray.
  3. Stop sunburn by moving your plant away from direct sunlight and making sure it has the water it needs.
  4. Frequent leaf or bud loss may be due to insufficient light or nutrients.
Prevention
Prevention
Preventing some sources of scarring is easier than others, but all start with careful attention to your plants once you decide to bring them home.
  1. Review specific guidelines for your plant, including soil drainage, watering, and fertilizer requirements.
  2. Inspect plants before planting and use sterile pots and fresh potting soil or media to limit transfer of fungi or bacteria.
  3. Once established, check your plants regularly for signs of scarring or the presence of pests, as it is better to catch problems as early as possible.
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More About Arabian Coffee

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Plant Type
Plant Type
Shrub
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Spread
Spread
2.5 to 4.5 m
Bloom Time
Bloom Time
Mid spring, Late spring, Early summer
Flower Color
Flower Color
White
Leaf Color
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
Flower Size
9 to 15 mm
Plant Height
Plant Height
5 to 8 m

Name story

Arabian coffee
This plant got its botanical name around the 7th century when this coffee bean crossed the Red Sea from Ethiopia to Yemen and lower Arabia. Therefore, the term arabica is given to the plant as its specific epithet and it is commonly called Arabian coffee.

Usages

Garden Use
Arabian coffee is the most commonly grown coffee bean around the world. For landscaping, it is often used to add a tropical feel without taking up too much space since it doesn't grow very large. It is used to add appealing color to a garden and for its coffee beans. It can be found in botanical gardens and in the sunny spots of hobby gardens. Its companion plants include azaleas, carrots, and radishes, which thrive in the same soil and can be boosted by the acid of this plant.
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Common Problems

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Why are my arabian coffee leaves turning brown and falling off?

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One condition that arabian coffee dislikes is extreme sunlight. When exposed to too much direct light, the leaves of the plant may scorch, turn brown, or even fall off. Although the damage is irreversible, you can still help your plant to recover by giving it the right conditions. Transfer it to an area with light shade, and provide it with sufficient water.

Why are my arabian coffee leaves turning yellow?

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Several factors cause this, with one being soil condition. Arabian coffee highly benefits from a slightly acidic soil, since this mimics the plant’s natural habitat. When the soil is alkaline, the plant tends to exhibit unattractive yellowing of the leaves. Another cause of yellowing foliage relates to nitrogen intake. The right levels of nitrogen are what will give your plant healthy and dark green leaves. Thus, the leaves turn yellow when the plant has too little or too much nitrogen.
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Caring for a New Plant

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The following pictures and instructions for tropical plant are aimed to help your plants adapt and thrive in a new environment.
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1
Picking a Healthy Tropical Plant
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Check Its Health

part
Whole Plant
Symmetrical crown, evenly distributed branches, full and compact shape, no excessive growth, close internodes, and uniform leaf size.
part
Branches
The branches are not withered, and the trunk is free of boreholes or damage.
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Leaves
Check the inside of the plant, shaded and overlapping areas, back of leaves. Even colour, no yellowing, no brown spots, no crawling insects, no cobwebs, no deformities, no wilting.
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Stems
No mold, browning or soft rot at the base of the plant.
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Health Troubleshooting

Whole Plant
Branches
Stems
Leaves
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more 1 Asymmetrical crown or missing, uneven branching: prune the weak and slender branches of the larger portion of the asymmetrical crown, then trim the overgrown larger branches.
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more 2 Internodes are longer in the upper part, leaves are sparse and smaller on top: increase light intensity or duration.
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more 1 Dry branches: check if the branch is still alive by peeling back a small section of bark and trim away any dry branches. Watch out for signs of insect infestation inside the branch.
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more 2 Bark with holes: inject insecticide into the holes and apply systemic insecticide to the roots.
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more 3 Damaged bark: brush on a wound-healing agent, and avoid getting it wet.
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Mildew, browning, or soft rot at the base: place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment and water with fungicide.
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more 1 Uneven leaf color and yellowing: prune yellow leaves and check if there are signs of rot at the base of the plant. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
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more 2 Brown spots or small yellow spots: place the plant in a ventilated area and avoid watering the leaves. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
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more 3 Tiny crawling insects on the back of leaves or spider webs between leaves: increase light exposure and spray with insecticide for severe cases.
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more 4 Deformations or missing parts on leaves: determine if it's physical damage or pest infestation. Linear or tearing damage is physical, while the rest are pests. Spray with insecticide.
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more 5 Wilting leaves: provide partial shade and avoid excessive sun exposure. Remove 1/3 to 1/2 of the leaves for severe cases.
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Check Its Growing Conditions

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Soil Check
Soil should smell fresh like after a rain and no musty odor.
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Light Check
Check the light requirement of the plant and if it match with planting location.
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Ventilation Check
Ensure good ventilation.
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Temperature Check
Check if the current outdoor temperature is too low or too high.
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Condition Troubleshooting

Soil
Suitable Light
Ideal Temperature
Ventilation
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Potting mix soil, Peat moss mix soil
Soil
Soil smells musty or foul: check the root system for decay, place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment, and water with fungicide.
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Partial sun, Full sun
Suitable Light
Insufficient light: Indoor plants can handle reduced light but not full shade. Periodically moving the plant to a sunnier spot can help compensate for nutrient depletion in dim conditions.
Transplant recovery: Shade, place in bright diffused light. Gradually increase light after 3 days without wilting. If transplanted/repotted or lost leaves, shade for a week. Increase light if yellowing and leaf drop occur.
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10℃ to 35℃
Ideal Temperature
Temperature is too low or too high: Indoors usually meets plant needs. Don't place outside below 50℉ (10℃) or above 86℉ (30℃).
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Well Ventilated
Ventilation
Non-ventilated environment: can lead to root rot, diseases, and flower drop. Place plants in a well-ventilated location, such as a window.
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2
Adapting Your New Tropical Plant
Step 1
condition-image
Repotting
Transplanting is possible but not necessary. Clean the roots by removing any rotten or blackened roots. Be careful when removing the plant from its pot to keep the root system intact and avoid spreading the soil. If the roots are too tangled, gently spread them out and trim as needed. For planting, mix a small amount of well-rotted organic fertilizer into the bottom of the soil. Use loose and airy floral soil for planting and press the soil down slightly after planting. Water the soil promptly and thoroughly after planting.
Step 2
condition-image
Pruning
Not usually needed. Cut off yellow or diseased leaves and crowded leaves that appear wilted or falling.
Step 3
condition-image
Watering
Increase watering in the first week to keep soil moist. Water when soil is slightly dry, for at least 2 weeks. Avoid over-watering. Do not water when there is water on your fingers after touching the soil.
Step 4
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Fertilizing
Add a small amount of base fertilizer during transplanting or repotting. No other fertilizer needed for the first month.
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Water
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Arabian Coffee Watering Instructions
Arabian coffee originates from the high, moist and cool plateaus of Ethiopia and Sudan, where rainfall is ample and consistent throughout the year. This translates to their liking for regular and consistent watering, maintaining a moist (but not waterlogged or saturated) soil condition. Sudden dry spells or overwatering can be detrimental, mimicking their native, consistent rainfall environment.
When Should I Water My Arabian Coffee?
Introduction
Proper watering is paramount to the health and growth of the arabian coffee. Inadequate or excess watering can impair its growth, making it paramount to discern the right time for watering based on specific plant indicators and conditions.
Soil Dryness
The arabian coffee's soil should never be allowed to dry out entirely. If the top 2 inches of soil are dry to the touch, it's time to water the arabian coffee. Ensure to check this by pressing your finger into the soil.
Leaf Color
The arabian coffee exhibits a vibrant green color when well-hydrated.While slight variations in green are normal, a significant brightening or yellowing of the leaves may signal under-watering. Wilting plant with dry brown edges can also indicate the plant needs more water.
Plant Perkiness
Arabian coffee show signs of wilt or droop when dehydrated. If the arabian coffee's leaves or stems are drooping, particularly late in the day, they may require water. However, if the plant continues to slump even after watering, it may be a sign of overwatering.
Pot's Weight
Learning to assess the weight of the arabian coffee's pot can be an effective way to gauge watering needs. A light pot often means dry soil, and therefore, a thirsty plant. Comparing the pot's weight right after watering and when it's due for another can help establish a baseline.
Root Health
If the plant's roots appear light in color and sturdy, the arabian coffee is likely well-hydrated. Dark, soggy roots or those that break easily may signal overwatering. Regular inspection, though not always practical, is beneficial.
Risks
Indicators should be recognized promptly to avoid both overwatering and underwatering. These extremes can produce significant stress for the plant. Underwatering can stunt growth and decrease resilience to diseases, while overwatering can cause root rot, a condition which can kill the arabian coffee. Staying observant and adapting watering practices to the arabian coffee's needs is vital for healthy cultivation.
How Should I Water My Arabian Coffee?
Plant Specific Water Requirements
Arabian coffee is a tropical plant that thrives on thorough watering followed by a period of drying out. It does not tolerate waterlogged soil, which can lead to root rot and other diseases.
Favored Watering Technique
Bottom watering tends to be the most effective technique for arabian coffee. This involves setting the potted plant in a tray or basin filled with water and allowing the plant to soak up moisture from the bottom up. Bottom watering provides a deep, thorough watering that discourages certain diseases by keeping the foliage dry.
Helpful Watering Aids
A moisture meter can be incredibly beneficial for ensuring optimal watering. Since arabian coffee has varying moisture needs depending on conditions such as light exposure and temperature, a moisture meter can help determine when the plant needs watering. A watering can with a long, narrow spout can also be useful to direct water precisely and avoid drenching the plant.
Areas To Focus On During Watering
When watering the arabian coffee, it is essential to focus the water delivery to the root zone, and not on the foliage, as this can promote the growth of fungus and other diseases. Bottom watering ensures the roots receive ample moisture without over wetting the plant's surface.
Areas To Avoid During Watering
Avoid watering arabian coffee directly at the base of the plant. Excessive moisture in this area could cause rot of the plant base and the onset of fungal diseases.
How Much Water Does Arabian Coffee Really Need?
Introduction
Arabian coffee is a species of plant native to the highlands of Ethiopia. It thrives in tropical regions with a high altitude, cool temperatures, and consistent rainfall. Water is a crucial element for arabian coffee as it plays a significant role in the plant's development and overall health.
Optimal Watering Quantity
The optimal water quantity for arabian coffee depends on several factors such as pot size, root depth, and plant size. Since arabian coffee has shallow roots, it is important to provide a consistent moisture level without overwatering. The general rule is to water the plant when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. For a small arabian coffee plant in a 4-inch pot, a watering volume of approximately 100-150 milliliters is recommended. As the plant grows and the pot size increases, the watering volume should be adjusted accordingly. For a mature arabian coffee plant in a 10-inch pot, the watering volume can range from 500-700 milliliters per session.
Signs of Proper Hydration
Properly hydrated arabian coffee will have lush, green leaves that are not drooping or wilting. The soil should be moist but not waterlogged. A well-hydrated arabian coffee plant will also produce consistent growth and flowering. Keep in mind that arabian coffee is sensitive to overwatering, so it's crucial to ensure proper drainage to prevent waterlogged roots.
Signs of Underwatering
Underwatered arabian coffee will display wilted and yellowing leaves. The soil will be dry to the touch, and the plant may show stunted growth or a lack of flowering. If the plant is consistently underwatered, it may become more susceptible to pests and diseases.
Signs of Overwatering
Overwatered arabian coffee will exhibit yellowing leaves that may appear wilted or mushy. The soil will be excessively wet or waterlogged, and the plant may experience root rot. Overwatering can also lead to the development of moss, fungus, or mold on the soil surface.
Risks of Improper Watering
Giving arabian coffee too much water can lead to root rot, stagnant growth, and overall decline in health. On the other hand, underwatering can cause dehydration, stunted growth, and susceptibility to pests and diseases. It's important to strike a balance and provide just the right amount of water to ensure arabian coffee thrives.
Additional Advice
To ensure proper drainage, make sure the pot has drainage holes at the bottom. Use a well-draining potting mix that allows excess water to flow freely. Avoid letting arabian coffee sit in standing water for extended periods as it can lead to root rot. Monitoring the moisture level in the soil regularly and adjusting the watering frequency accordingly will help maintain the proper hydration for arabian coffee.
How Often Should I Water Arabian Coffee?
Every 1-2 weeks
Watering Frequency
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Just like people, each plant has its own preferences and needs. Devote time to understanding your plants so you can nurture them properly. Observe your plants attentively, learning from their growth patterns, and becoming more in tune with their needs as you grow together. Keep a watchful eye on new plants and seedlings, as they are sensitive to both overwatering and underwatering. Shower them with gentle love and attention, fostering their growth and strength. Let the rhythm of your local climate guide your watering habits, adapting your schedule to the changing weather and the needs of your plants.
What Kind of Water is Best for Arabian Coffee?
Water Type Guide for arabian coffee
Water Sensitivity: Moderate - arabian coffee prefers well-draining soil and should not be overly saturated with water.
Water Types
Rainwater: Best suited for arabian coffee as it is natural, free of chemicals, and has a balanced pH level.
Distilled Water: Suitable for arabian coffee as it is pure and lacks minerals or contaminants.
Filtered Water: A good alternative to rainwater or distilled water, as long as it removes harmful contaminants.
Tap Water: Can be used if no other water sources are available, but it may contain chlorine and other chemicals that can be sensitive to arabian coffee.
Chlorine Sensitivity
High - arabian coffee is sensitive to chlorine in tap water, which can cause leaf burn and overall stress to the plant.
Water Treatments
Dechlorination: It is recommended to let tap water sit out for at least 24 hours before using it on arabian coffee. This allows the chlorine to evaporate and makes it safer for the plant.
Water Filtration: Using a water filter can remove chlorine and other contaminants from tap water, making it suitable for arabian coffee.
Water Temperature Preferences
Moderate - arabian coffee prefers water at room temperature (around 68-72°F or 20-22°C). Avoid using water that is too cold or too hot, as extreme temperatures can shock the plant.
How Do Arabian Coffee's Watering Needs Change with the Seasons?
How to Water arabian coffee in Spring?
In spring, arabian coffee begins its active growth period after the winter dormancy. It's essential to increase watering to keep the soil lightly moist, which ensures a sturdy and healthy plant during this phase. Overwatering could risk root rot, so make sure not to waterlog the soil.
How to Water arabian coffee in Summer?
During summer, arabian coffee requires large quantities of water due to the increased temperature and sunlight. Despite the plant's active growth and increased transpiration rates, be careful not to overwater. The soil should be kept consistently moist rather than soaked. Let the top layer of the soil dry out a bit before the next watering to avoid risks like fungal infections.
How to Water arabian coffee in Autumn?
Autumn demands a reduction in arabian coffee's water intake as the plant prepares to go dormant for winter. Wait until the top few inches of the soil have dried out before watering again to reduce the plant's water intake gradually. This process minimizes the risk of overwatering, which could lead to root decay.
How to Water arabian coffee in Winter?
During winter, arabian coffee enters a dormant phase where its water requirements drop significantly. Most of the plant's growth functions slow down, which means it retains water for longer. Keeping the soil lightly moist should suffice, but be cautious not to overwater as cold and damp conditions can trigger root diseases.
What Expert Tips Can Enhance Arabian Coffee Watering Routine?
Watering Tools:
Using a watering can or a hose with a gentle spray nozzle can help ensure even and gentle watering for arabian coffee. Avoid using high-pressure sprayers or watering methods that can cause damage to the plant.
Morning Watering:
Watering arabian coffee in the morning allows the soil to absorb the water efficiently before the heat of the day. This helps prevent evaporation and allows the plant to use the water effectively.
Soil Moisture Assessment:
Instead of relying solely on the surface appearance of the soil, use your finger or a moisture meter to assess the moisture level at deeper soil levels. Arabian coffee prefers slightly moist soil, so ensure the top few inches of soil are dry before watering again.
Avoid Over-watering:
Over-watering can lead to root rot in arabian coffee. To avoid this, make sure the soil has good drainage. Water only when the top layer of soil is dry, and ensure that excess water drains out of the pot or container.
Signs of Thirst:
When arabian coffee needs watering, its leaves start to droop slightly, and its topsoil becomes dry. These signs indicate that it's time to water the plant.
Signs of Over-watering:
Over-watering arabian coffee can cause yellowing leaves, wilting, and root rot. If you notice these signs, reduce watering frequency and improve drainage to allow the roots to recover.
Water Adjustment in Special Conditions:
During a heatwave, arabian coffee may require more frequent watering to prevent dehydration. However, be cautious not to over-water. When it rains heavily, reduce watering frequency to avoid waterlogged soil. If arabian coffee is stressed, adjust watering to provide more moisture until it recovers.
Avoid Watering Foliage:
When watering arabian coffee, ensure the water is directed towards the base of the plant, avoiding the foliage. Wet leaves can increase the risk of disease and fungal infections.
Water Quality:
Use room temperature or lukewarm water for arabian coffee, as cold water can shock the plant's roots. Avoid using water that is high in chlorine or other chemicals, as they can be harmful to the plant.
Humidity Preferences:
Arabian coffee prefers moderate to high humidity levels. If the air is dry, consider placing arabian coffee near a humidifier or misting the leaves occasionally to provide the desired humidity.
Monitoring during Winter:
In winter, when the growth of arabian coffee slows down, water it sparingly and adjust watering frequency accordingly. The plant's water requirements decrease during this period.
Avoid Waterlogging:
Arabian coffee is sensitive to waterlogging, so ensure the pot or container has drainage holes and that excess water can flow out freely. Watering too frequently or using pots without drainage can lead to root rot.
Leaf Drying Prevention:
To prevent the tips of arabian coffee's leaves from drying out, avoid using water that is high in salts or minerals. This can be achieved by using filtered or distilled water for watering.
Considering Hydroponics? How to Manage a Water-Grown Arabian Coffee?
Overview of Hydroponics
Hydroponics is a method of growing plants without soil, using a water-based nutrient solution to deliver essential elements directly to the plant roots. This can be advantageous for arabian coffee as it allows for precise control over nutrient levels, pH, and water availability.
Preferred Hydroponic System
Deep water culture (DWC) is the most suitable hydroponic system for cultivating arabian coffee. In this system, plants are suspended in aerated nutrient-rich water, allowing their roots to directly access the oxygen and nutrients they need to thrive.
Nutrient Solution Requirements
For optimal growth, arabian coffee requires a balanced nutrient solution with the following concentrations: nitrogen (N) - 150-200 ppm, phosphorus (P) - 50-75 ppm, potassium (K) - 100-150 ppm. The pH level of the solution should be maintained between 5.8-6.2.
Frequency of Nutrient Change
To prevent nutrient imbalances and ensure the health of arabian coffee, it is recommended to fully replace the nutrient solution every 2 weeks. However, monitoring the nutrient levels regularly and conducting partial solution changes may be necessary in case of any detected imbalances or deficiencies.
Challenges in Hydroponic Cultivation
When growing arabian coffee hydroponically, root rot can be a common issue. To prevent this, it is essential to maintain proper oxygenation of the root zone by using air stones or air pumps in the nutrient reservoir. Nutrient imbalances, such as excessive nitrogen or micronutrient deficiencies, can also occur, necessitating regular monitoring and adjustment of the nutrient solution. Additionally, arabian coffee needs a specific light intensity of around 5000-7000 lux for healthy growth.
Monitoring arabian coffee's Health
While monitoring the overall health of arabian coffee in a hydroponic setup, keep an eye out for signs of stress such as yellowing leaves, stunted growth, or wilting. Also, be vigilant for symptoms of nutrient deficiencies or excess, such as chlorosis, necrosis, or stunted root development.
Adjusting Hydroponic Environment
During arabian coffee's vegetative stage, it thrives under a light intensity of around 5000-7000 lux and at a slightly higher nutrient concentration. As it transitions to the flowering stage, reducing the light intensity to around 3000-4000 lux and adjusting the nutrient solution to include higher phosphorus and potassium levels might be beneficial.
Lighting Requirements
To ensure optimal growth and development, arabian coffee requires a light intensity of around 5000-7000 lux during its vegetative stage. High-quality LED grow lights are recommended, as they provide the necessary spectrum and energy efficiency for plant growth in a hydroponic setting.
Important Symptoms
Overwatering Symptoms of Arabian coffee
Arabian coffee is more susceptible to developing disease symptoms when overwatered because it prefers a soil environment with moderate humidity. Symptoms of overwatering include yellowing leaves, root rot, leaf drop...
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Yellowing leaves
When plants receive too much water, the roots become oxygen deprived and the bottom leaves of the plant gradually turn yellow.
Root rot
Excess water in the soil can lead to the growth of harmful fungi and bacteria, causing the roots to rot and eventually kill the plant.
Leaf drop
When plants are overwatered, they may shed their leaves as a response to stress, even if the leaves appear green and healthy.
Mold and mildew
Overwatered plants create a damp environment that can encourage the growth of mold and mildew on soil.
Increased susceptibility diseases
Overwatering plants may become more susceptible and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Solutions
1. Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness. Wait for soil to dry before watering.2. Increase soil aeration by loosening surface and gently stirring with a wooden stick or chopstick.3. Optimize environment with good ventilation and warmth to enhance water evaporation and prevent overwatering.
Underwatering Symptoms of Arabian coffee
Arabian coffee is more susceptible to plant health issues when lacking watering, as it can only tolerate short periods of drought. Symptoms of dehydration include wilting, yellowing leaves, leaf drop...
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Wilting
Due to the dry soil and insufficient water absorption by the roots, the leaves of the plant will appear limp, droopy, and lose vitality.
Root damage
Prolonged underwatering can cause root damage, making it difficult for the plant to absorb water even when it is available.
Dry stems
Due to insufficient water, plant stems may become dry or brittle, making the branches easy to break.
Dying plant
If underwatering continues for an extended period, the plant may ultimately die as a result of severe water stress and an inability to carry out essential functions.
Solutions
1. Thoroughly saturate soil with slow ring watering to ensure uniform and sufficient moisture for plants. 2. Increase air humidity with water trays or misting to slow leaf water evaporation. 3. Watering according to the recommended frequency.Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness.
Watering Troubleshooting for Arabian Coffee
Why are the leaves on my arabian coffee turning brown?
Browning leaves on a arabian coffee are often a sign of over-watering. The roots of this plant type are sensitive to excessive moisture, resulting in root rot. You can solve this problem by reducing the frequency and quantity of irrigation and ensuring your plant's pot has adequate drainage to prevent water from sitting in the soil.
My arabian coffee's leaves are wilting and falling off, what could be the problem?
Wilting and falling leaves are possible signs of underwatering. The arabian coffee requires regular watering, but make sure the water penetrates the soil deep enough to reach all roots. Water thoroughly once the top inch of the soil feels dry to touch. Adjust your watering schedule according to seasonal requirements as the plant may need more water in growing seasons and lesser in dormant ones.
Why does my arabian coffee have yellow leaves?
Yellow leaves on your arabian coffee are usually symptoms of overwatering. Too much water can damage the roots, making it difficult for the plant to absorb necessary nutrients, leading to chlorosis or yellowing. Ensure you are not overwatering and that the pot's drainage holes are not clogged up. If the problem persists, a soil change may be necessary to improve its draining properties.
My arabian coffee seems to be growing slowly, could this be related to watering?
Yes, slow growth in arabian coffee can be a result of underwatering or overwatering. Both extremes stress the plant and hinder its growth and development. Water your plant regularly but avoid waterlogging the soil. Monitor the plant closely, adjust watering according to the season, the plant's growth stage, and its overall health.
The roots of my arabian coffee are turning black and mushy, what is causing this?
Black and mushy roots on an arabian coffee are a clear indication of overwatering leading to root rot. You'll need to remove the plant from its pot, cut away any decayed roots, treat with a fungicide, and repot in fresh, well-draining soil. Pay attention to watering habits in the future, ensuring the soil dries out to about an inch deep between waterings.
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Lighting
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Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Partial sun
Ideal
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Full sun, Full shade
Tolerance
Above 6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Arabian coffee thrives in an environment with moderate solar exposure, though it can adapt to both more and less light. The plant's origin, a habitat with intermittent sun and shade, influences this versatility. Inadequate or surplus light could impact its healthy growth, leading to weakened vitality.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Arabian coffee is a popular indoor plant that prefers partial sunlight but can handle full sunlight in cooler weather. However, when placed in corners of rooms for extended periods, it may develop symptoms of light deficiency due to insufficient light exposure.
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Slower or no new growth
Arabian coffee enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To optimize plant growth, shift them to increasingly sunnier spots each week until they receive 3-6 hours of direct sunlight daily, enabling gradual adaptation to changing light conditions.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Arabian coffee thrives with partial sun exposure and can tolerate full sun in cooler weather. However, they are more susceptible to sunburn, as they cannot withstand intense sunlight in high-temperature environments.
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Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
The arabian coffee thrives in temperatures ranging from 68 to 100 ℉ (20 to 38 ℃) in its native growth environment. However, it can tolerate temperatures as low as 50 ℉ (10 ℃) and as high as 86 ℉ (30 ℃). During cooler seasons, it's recommended to keep the plant indoors or in a greenhouse to protect it from frost or extreme heat.
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Cookie Name Source Purpose Lifespan
_ga Google Analytics These cookies are set because of our use of Google Analytics. They are used to collect information about your use of our application/website. The cookies collect specific information, such as your IP address, data related to your device and other information about your use of the application/website. Please note that the data processing is essentially carried out by Google LLC and Google may use your data collected by the cookies for own purposes, e.g. profiling and will combine it with other data such as your Google Account. For more information about how Google processes your data and Google’s approach to privacy as well as implemented safeguards for your data, please see here. 1 Year
_pta PictureThis Analytics We use these cookies to collect information about how you use our site, monitor site performance, and improve our site performance, our services, and your experience. 1 Year
Cookie Name
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Source
Google Analytics
Purpose
These cookies are set because of our use of Google Analytics. They are used to collect information about your use of our application/website. The cookies collect specific information, such as your IP address, data related to your device and other information about your use of the application/website. Please note that the data processing is essentially carried out by Google LLC and Google may use your data collected by the cookies for own purposes, e.g. profiling and will combine it with other data such as your Google Account. For more information about how Google processes your data and Google’s approach to privacy as well as implemented safeguards for your data, please see here.
Lifespan
1 Year

Cookie Name
_pta
Source
PictureThis Analytics
Purpose
We use these cookies to collect information about how you use our site, monitor site performance, and improve our site performance, our services, and your experience.
Lifespan
1 Year
Marketing Cookies
Marketing cookies are used by advertising companies to serve ads that are relevant to your interests.
Cookie Name Source Purpose Lifespan
_fbp Facebook Pixel A conversion pixel tracking that we use for retargeting campaigns. Learn more here. 1 Year
_adj Adjust This cookie provides mobile analytics and attribution services that enable us to measure and analyze the effectiveness of marketing campaigns, certain events and actions within the Application. Learn more here. 1 Year
Cookie Name
_fbp
Source
Facebook Pixel
Purpose
A conversion pixel tracking that we use for retargeting campaigns. Learn more here.
Lifespan
1 Year

Cookie Name
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Source
Adjust
Purpose
This cookie provides mobile analytics and attribution services that enable us to measure and analyze the effectiveness of marketing campaigns, certain events and actions within the Application. Learn more here.
Lifespan
1 Year
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