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About
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Basic Care
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How to Care for Cabbage Tree

Cabbage tree (*Cordyline australis*) is a subtropical palm-like tree that thrives in environments with fertile, well-drained soil. Salt and drought tolerant, they are ideal for sunny borders or containers. The cabbage tree blooms in late spring to early summer with small, fragrant white flowers. It's not an unusual sight in city courtyards and coastal gardens.
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Water
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
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Toxic to Human & Pets
Cabbage tree
Cabbage tree
Cabbage tree
Cabbage tree
Cabbage tree
care_basic_guide

Basic Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterDetail

How to Water Cabbage tree?

For optimal growth, regular watering is advised. However, once the cabbage tree is well established, it will tolerate periods of drought better than most plants. Because of this, the cabbage tree requires less water during the winter months, depending on the climate.
While it is important to keep your soil continuously moist, be careful not to overwater, as this can damage the roots. During the summer months or dry spells, don’t allow the soil to dry out completely. How often you water your cabbage tree will depend on your local environment, but a rough guide should be once or twice a week.
If your cabbage tree is planted in a container, then the soil will dry out quicker than ground soil. You should water your plant when the top 5 cm of soil has dried out.
A good tip is to water your cabbage tree with collected rainwater or filtered water, due to potentially high levels of fluoride in tap water. This can be harmful to the plant.
Cultivation:WaterDetail
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What is the best way to water my Cabbage tree?
Your Cabbage tree will not be too picky about how you choose to water it. As such, you can use just about any common watering tool to moisten this plant’s soil. Watering cans, hoses, and even cups will work just fine when it is time to water your Cabbage tree. Regardless of which watering tool you use, you should typically apply the water directly to the soil. In doing so, you should ensure that you moisten all soil areas equally to give all parts of the root system the water it needs. It can help to use filtered water, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to plants. It is also beneficial to use water that is at or slightly above room temperature, as colder or hotter water can be somewhat shocking to the Cabbage tree. However, the Cabbage tree usually responds well to any kind of water you give it.
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What should I do if I water my Cabbage tree too much or too little?
For outdoor plants, especially newly planted plants or plant seedlings, they can be prone to lack of watering. Remember that you need to keep watering enough for a few months when the tree is small or just planted. This is because once the roots are established, Cabbage tree can rely on rain most of the time.
When your Cabbage tree is planted in pots, overwatering is often more likely to.When you accidentally overwater your Cabbage tree, you should be prepared to remedy the situation immediately. First, you should stop watering your plant right away to minimize the effect of your overwatering. After, you should consider removing your Cabbage tree from its pot to inspect its roots. If you find that none of the roots have developed root rot, it may be permissible to return your plant to its container. If you do discover signs of root rot, then you should trim away any roots that have been affected. You may also want to apply a fungicide to prevent further damage. Lastly, you should repot your Cabbage tree in soil that is well-draining. In the case of an underwatered Cabbage tree, simply water this plant more frequently.
Underwatering is often an easy fix. If you underwater, the plant's leaves will tend to droop and dry out and fall off, and the leaves will quickly return to fullness after sufficient watering. Please correct your watering frequency as soon as underwatering occurs.
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How often should I water my Cabbage tree?
Most plants that grow naturally outdoors can be allowed to grow normally with rainfall. If your area lacks rainfall, consider giving your plants adequate watering every 2 weeks during the spring and fall. More frequent watering is needed in summer. In winter, when growth becomes slower and plants need less water, water more sparingly. Throughout the winter, you may not give it additional watering at all. If your Cabbage tree is young or newly planted, then you should water more frequently to help it establish, and mature and grow up to have more adaptable and drought tolerant plants.
For potted plants, there are two main ways that you can determine how often to water your Cabbage tree. The first way is to set a predetermined watering schedule. If you choose this route, you should plan to water this plant about once every week or once every other week. However, this approach may not always work as it does not consider the unique conditions of the growing environment for your Cabbage tree .
Your watering frequency can also change depending on the season. For instance, a predetermined watering schedule will likely not suffice during summer when this plant's water needs are highest. An alternative route is to set your watering frequency based on soil moisture. Typically, it is best to wait until the first two to four inches of soil, usually ⅓ to ½ depth of the pots, have dried out entirely before you give more water.
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How much water does my Cabbage tree need?
When it comes time to water your Cabbage tree, you may be surprised to find that this plant does not always need a high volume of water. Instead, if only a few inches of soil have dried since your last watering, you can support healthy growth in the Cabbage tree by giving it about five to ten ounces of water every time you water. You can also decide your water volume based on soil moisture. As mentioned above, you should note how many inches of soil have dried out between waterings. A surefire way to make sure your Cabbage tree gets the moisture it needs is to supply enough water to moisten all the soil layers that became dry since the last time you watered. If more than half of the soil has become dry, you should consider giving more water than usual. In those cases, continue adding water until you see excess water draining from your pot’s drainage holes.
If your Cabbage tree is planted in an area that gets plenty of rain outdoors, it may not need additional watering. When the Cabbage tree is young or just getting established, make sure it gets 1-2 inches of rain per week. As it continues to grow and establish, it can survive entirely on rainwater and only when the weather is hot and there is no rainfall at all for 2-3 weeks, then consider giving your Cabbage tree a full watering to prevent them from suffering stress.
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Cabbage tree enough?
Overwatering is a far more common problem for the Cabbage tree, and there are several signs you should look for when this occurs. Generally, an overwatered Cabbage tree will have yellowing leaves and may even drop some leaves. Also, overwatering can cause the overall structure of your plant to shrivel and may also promote root rot. On the other hand, an underwatered Cabbage tree will also begin to wilt. It may also display leaves that are brown or brittle to the touch. Whether you see signs of overwatering or underwatering, you should be prepared to intervene and restore the health of your Cabbage tree.
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How can I water my Cabbage tree at different growth stages?
When the Cabbage tree is very young, such as when it is in a seedling stage, you will need to give it more water than you would if it were at a mature age. During the early stages of this plant’s life, it is important to keep the soil consistently moist to encourage root development. The same is true for any Cabbage tree that you have transplanted to a new growing location. Also, the Cabbage tree can develop showy flowers and fruits when you give them the correct care. If your Cabbage tree is in a flowering or fruiting phase, you will likely need to give a bit more water than you usually would to support these plant structures.
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How can I water my Cabbage tree through the seasons?
The seasonal changes will affect how often you water your Cabbage tree. Mainly, during the hottest summer months, you will likely need to increase how much you water this plant, especially if it grows in an area that receives ample sunlight. Strong summer sunlight can cause soil to dry out much faster than usual, meaning that you’ll need to water more frequently. By contrast, your Cabbage tree will need much less water during the winter, as it will not be in an active growing phase. During winter, you can get by with watering once every 2 to 3 weeks or sometimes not at all. For those growing this plant indoors, you should be somewhat wary of appliances such as air conditioners, which can cause your plant to dry out more quickly, which also calls for more frequent watering.
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What's the difference between watering my Cabbage tree indoors vs outdoors?
In some cases, your Cabbage tree may not need any supplemental watering when it grows outside and will survive on rainwater alone. However, if you live in an area of little to no rain, you should water this plant about every two weeks. If you belong to the group of people who live out of this plant's natural hardiness zone, you should grow it indoors. In an indoor setting, you should monitor your plant's soil as it can dry out more quickly when it is in a container or when it is exposed to HVAC units such as air conditioners. Those drying factors will lead you to water this plant a bit more often than if you grew it outdoors.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail

How to Fertilize Cabbage tree?

Although the cabbage tree does not necessarily require fertilizer when planted in nutrient-rich soil, you could still use a fertilizer sparingly to encourage growth. Use a slow-release fertilizer in the spring, followed by a liquid feed at the height of summer. This fertilizer should be used once every 4-6 weeks.
Container-grown plants should be fed a liquid fertilizer once a month throughout the growing season, which is usually between late spring to the end of summer. Fertilizer is not needed at all in the winter for either garden or container plants.

Fertilizer

Cabbage tree typically have ornamental leaves that can add a sense of lushness to your living spaces. With the right care, that foliage will maintain a consistent color and look healthy all year long. However, an important part of a proper care routine for a Cabbage tree is fertilization. If you don't know when and how to fertilize a Cabbage tree, there is a good chance that your plant may begin to decline or at least fail to live up to its full potential. As such, the following sections will introduce you to how to feed a Cabbage tree the right way.
The primary reason why Cabbage tree needs regular fertilization is that they have showy leaves that require a lot of energy to produce and maintain. The challenge is that your Cabbage tree must not only allot enough energy to keep its leaves in good shape, but it must also find enough energy to support the growth of its stems, branches, roots, and all its other vital structures. If you neglect fertilization, there are two outcomes that are likely to take place. The first is that the leaves of your Cabbage tree will begin to lose their natural color or texture while looking somewhat unhealthy overall, which detracts greatly from its ornamental appeal. The other outcome is that your Cabbage tree will begin to slow its growth overall or produce weak growth that could be prone to breakage.
Cabbage tree will benefit from occasionally feedings , which is why you do not need to set a standard feeding schedule upon planting one of these plants. One of the easiest ways to fertilize your Cabbage tree is to simply apply your fertilizer when you water this plant sometimes. During the growing season, your Cabbage tree will also need a decent amount of water. You could feed this plant once every two-three weeks. This feeding rate should continue during the entire time that your plant is producing new growth.
The fertilizer for a Cabbage tree has a specific blend of nutrients, each of which is present in relatively low amounts. An ideal fertilizer will have an N-P-K ratio of 3-1-2. However, a general-purpose fertilizer that has an even blend of nutrients can work well in some cases. Still, even when using a balanced fertilizer, the ratio number representing the volume of each nutrient should be at 3 or lower. The fertilizer you use can be either granular or liquid based. If you choose to use a liquid-based fertilizer, it is often best to dilute the strength by half. While there is not much downside to granular fertilizer, it is often most sensible to use liquid fertilizer, especially if you feed your Cabbage tree while you supply water.
One of the easiest ways to fertilize a Cabbage tree is to feed it anytime that you water it. To perform this method, gather your fertilizer and a water container, such as a watering can. Then mix the fertilizer with water to dilute its strength. Then, simply pour the water with the fertilizer onto the soil and allow it to soak down to the roots. Alternatively, you could use a granular fertilizer. If you use a granular fertilizer, all you need to do is sprinkle some of the fertilizer on the soil in which your Cabbage tree lives. Granular fertilizers are usually slow-release fertilizers which means you won't need to fertilize as often as you would with a liquid fertilizer. In either case, it is beneficial to water while you feed your Cabbage tree.
The signs of improper fertilization for a Cabbage tree should become obvious relatively quickly. Overfertilization is specifically harmful to this plant, and it can cause several visible signs. The most common signs are browning leaf margins, yellowing leaves, wilting leaves, excess fertilizer build-up in the soil, and loss of foliage.
Cabbage tree are also vulnerable to a complication known as fertilizer burn, in which a plant receives too many nutrients, which causes the roots to dry out and cease their main function. However, if you give your Cabbage tree water while you feed it, it is far less likely that fertilizer burn will occur.
Throughout most of the year, it is permissible to maintain a regular fertilization schedule for your Cabbage tree. During the active growing season of spring, summer, and early fall. However, during the winter, this plant should not receive fertilizer at all.
During winter, Cabbage tree will enter a dormant growth phase. In that phase, the plant will either put forth no new growth or very little new growth. That lack of active growth means that your Cabbage tree will be using less energy overall, which is why fertilization is not needed at that time.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail
Why do I need to fertilize my Cabbage tree?
The primary reason why Cabbage tree needs regular fertilization is that they have showy leaves that require a lot of energy to produce and maintain. The challenge is that your Cabbage tree must not only allot enough energy to keep its leaves in good shape, but it must also find enough energy to support the growth of its stems, branches, roots, and all its other vital structures.
If you neglect fertilization, there are two outcomes that are likely to take place. The first is that the leaves of your Cabbage tree will begin to lose their natural color or texture while looking somewhat unhealthy overall, which detracts greatly from its ornamental appeal. The other outcome is that your Cabbage tree will begin to slow its growth overall or produce weak growth that could be prone to breakage.
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When is the best time to fertilize my Cabbage tree?
Cabbage tree will benefit from occasionally feedings , which is why you do not need to set a standard feeding schedule upon planting one of these plants. One of the easiest ways to fertilize your Cabbage tree is to simply apply your fertilizer when you water this plant sometimes.
During the growing season, your Cabbage tree will also need a decent amount of water. You could feed this plant once every two-three weeks. This feeding rate should continue during the entire time that your plant is producing new growth.
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When should I avoid fertilizing my Cabbage tree?
Throughout most of the year, it is permissible to maintain a regular fertilization schedule for your Cabbage tree. During the active growing season of spring, summer, and early fall. However, during the winter, this plant should not receive fertilizer at all.
During winter, Cabbage tree will enter a dormant growth phase. In that phase, the plant will either put forth no new growth or very little new growth. That lack of active growth means that your Cabbage tree will be using less energy overall, which is why fertilization is not needed at that time.
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What type of fertilizer does my Cabbage tree need?
The fertilizer for a Cabbage tree has a specific blend of nutrients, each of which is present in relatively low amounts. An ideal fertilizer will have an N-P-K ratio of 3-1-2. However, a general-purpose fertilizer that has an even blend of nutrients can work well in some cases. Still, even when using a balanced fertilizer, the ratio number representing the volume of each nutrient should be at 3 or lower.
The fertilizer you use can be either granular or liquid based. If you choose to use a liquid-based fertilizer, it is often best to dilute the strength by half. While there is not much downside to granular fertilizer, it is often most sensible to use liquid fertilizer, especially if you feed your Cabbage tree while you supply water.
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How do I fertilize my Cabbage tree?
One of the easiest ways to fertilize a Cabbage tree is to feed it anytime that you water it. To perform this method, gather your fertilizer and a water container, such as a watering can. Then mix the fertilizer with water to dilute its strength. Then, simply pour the water with the fertilizer onto the soil and allow it to soak down to the roots.
Alternatively, you could use a granular fertilizer. If you use a granular fertilizer, all you need to do is sprinkle some of the fertilizer on the soil in which your Cabbage tree lives. Granular fertilizers are usually slow-release fertilizers which means you won't need to fertilize as often as you would with a liquid fertilizer. In either case, it is beneficial to water while you feed your Cabbage tree.
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What happens if I fertilize my Cabbage tree too much?
The signs of improper fertilization for a Cabbage tree should become obvious relatively quickly. Overfertilization is specifically harmful to this plant, and it can cause several visible signs. The most common signs are browning leaf margins, yellowing leaves, wilting leaves, excess fertilizer build-up in the soil, and loss of foliage.
Cabbage tree are also vulnerable to a complication known as fertilizer burn, in which a plant receives too many nutrients, which causes the roots to dry out and cease their main function. However, if you give your Cabbage tree water while you feed it, it is far less likely that fertilizer burn will occur.
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Cultivation:SunlightDetail

What Are the Sunlight Requirements for Cabbage tree?

The cabbage tree enjoys an area of the garden in full sun to part shade, with some varieties able to tolerate full shade too. A good rule to remember is that plants with green leaves tend to have a preference for sun, whereas plants with multi-coloured foliage seem to have a greater preference for indirect and filtered sunlight.
Whilst the cabbage tree is commonly grown in the garden, it can also happily grow indoors, as long as there is adequate sunlight and shade.
Cultivation:SunlightDetail
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How much/long should Cabbage tree get sunlight per day for healthy growth?
For healthy growth, make sure that Cabbage tree receives at least 3–6 hours of sun each day. This is actually a minimum requirement—most plants that can handle part sun can also thrive in full sun, but because they require less light for photosynthesis, they are more flexible than plants that require full sun or part shade.
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What type of sunlight does Cabbage tree need?
Cabbage tree does best with exposure to full or part sun. They will perform best with direct morning light, but in summer they need protection from the strong afternoon sun. In temperate environments, too much hot afternoon sun can burn the leaves, damaging the plant's appearance and health.
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Can sunlight damage Cabbage tree? How to protect Cabbage tree from the sun and heat damage?
Cabbage tree planted indoors can easily be damaged by direct sunlight when it's moved outdoors. The best way to prevent sunburns from overexposure is to move pots gradually from a shaded area to a brighter spot, gradually. But even plants that are acclimated to the summer sun can be damaged by extreme heat. In a heatwave, it is important to keep the soil consistently moist so that plants can cope with excessive levels of heat. Moving plants in containers to areas with afternoon shade or erecting a shade cloth over them can protect sensitive Cabbage tree during extreme weather events.
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Does Cabbage tree need to avoid sun exposure? / Should I protect Cabbage tree from the sun?
While bright morning sun and some full sun exposure can be highly beneficial for Cabbage tree, the harsh, hot midday sun of summer can be too much to handle.
If planted in the ground, the summer sun will usually ramp up slowly enough through the season for Cabbage tree to gradually adapt to its intensity. But a potted plant that has been indoors or in a protected location will often suffer injury when placed suddenly into a location where the direct summer sun reaches it in the hottest part of the day.
To protect this plant from the brutal afternoon summer sun, plant or place it in an understory location where it is shaded at midday by taller trees and plants or by a building or landscape feature.
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What will happen if Cabbage tree gets inadequate sunlight?
When Cabbage tree receives too little sun, they may become pale green or display drooping, yellow leaves. While some leaf drop is normal, if leaves are dropping but no new ones are growing in to replace them, it is a sign that something is wrong. If Cabbage tree receiving inadequate light does manage to grow, the new growth is often spindly, pale, and prone to insect infestation. Paying attention to these signs and changing the lighting conditions of the plant will make a significant difference.
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Does Cabbage tree need special care about sunlight during its different growth stages?
Tender, new leaves are especially sensitive to sunburn. Bearing this in mind, very young Cabbage tree and when it's in a strong growth phase, such as in late spring and early summer, will be more sensitive to harsh sun and heat than the mature one or those in a more dormant fall growth stage. Cabbage tree fresh from a nursery is also usually not prepared for strong full sunlight and must be introduced to it slowly.
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Are there any cautions or tips for sunlight and Cabbage tree?
Recently transplanted Cabbage tree will often experience a bit of shock and will need to be cared for carefully, either shaded from bright afternoon sun or placed in a protected area. On very hot days, you may see the leaves of Cabbage tree drooping—this is usually nothing to worry about. Plants will send the water in their leaves down into their roots to protect them from burning. However, if the leaves are still drooping in the evening or the next morning, the plant needs water. Always avoid watering during the hottest times of day, as sunlight can hit wet leaves and scorch them easily.
Cabbage tree that has been underwatered will be weaker than that with consistently moist soil. This can leave it with weak roots that are unable to protect the leaves on hot, sunny summer days by diverting water away from the leaves. Care for an underwatered plant by giving it a long, deep watering and then allowing the top two inches of soil to dry out before the next watering. Even if it loses its leaves, if cared for properly it will grow new ones.
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Cultivation:PruningDetail

How to Prune Cabbage tree?

Very little regular pruning is needed for your cabbage tree, as the plant will naturally shed its older leaves. Simply cut away any yellowing or withered leaves and overgrown stems to maintain a tidy appearance. Although you can prune your cabbage tree at any time of the year, it might be best to wait until late spring if you live in a colder climate. This is because the leaves can offer some frost protection to the plant before the warmer weather arrives.
Once the cabbage tree has matured, it may flower every year in early summer, producing sweet-smelling, cup-shaped flowers that are often followed by berries. Once spent, you should cut back the dead flower stems using a sharp knife or secateurs. A sharp knife should also be used when cutting back dead leaves - if you pull the leaves off, this can cause severe damage to the main stem.
If your cabbage tree becomes too tall for your taste, you can simply cut it down to your preferred height. Use a sharp pair of shears, leaving just the bare stem. This should be done at the beginning of spring.
Cultivation:PruningDetail
Is pruning necessary for my Cabbage tree?
Before your Cabbage tree hedge begins taking over the sidewalk, or your hanging basket Cabbage tree start to look scraggly, it is a good idea to think about pruning. Without proper maintenance, Cabbage tree may grow rapidly and uncontrollably, crowding out other plants. If you decide to include Cabbage tree in your garden or landscaping plan, you should monitor its growth carefully and have a plan for pruning. Pruning is as important for Cabbage tree as it is for any other ornamental plant species that you may choose to grow in your garden. If you prune this plant properly, you can enhance its overall health while preserving its most showy ornamental features. With that said, you cannot expect to reap those benefits if you don’t know when and how to prune this species. In fact, improper pruning can cause you to remove the season’s blooms, detracting significantly from the Cabbage tree’s beauty. Even if you live in a cooler area or only plan to grow Cabbage tree in pots or hanging baskets, regular pruning can encourage blooming and keep your plants healthy and vigorous.
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When is the best time to prune my Cabbage tree?
To control growth and manage the size and shape of your plants, the time to prune varies according to the climate. In tropical zones, where there is no danger of frost, experts recommend pruning Cabbage tree right after the summer growing season. This allows the plant to rest and begin producing new growth. In temperate zones, the recommended time to prune the plant overall is early spring, after the winter and any frost, but prior to the summer blooming season. Avoid pruning in late fall unless you are in a tropical zone as pruning can reduce cold weather hardiness. Additionally, you may want to trim the plants throughout the growing season to encourage blooming. You can also prune at any time if there is any yellowing or diseased foliage.
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How can I prune my Cabbage tree?
For your major pruning, use sharp pruning sheers that will make clean cuts to avoid damaging your plants. Make each cut at a 45° angle to encourage healthy new growth. Remove any dead or decayed stems first, cutting them off just above the damaged section or cutting them completely to the ground. Next, consider the desired height and shape of your Cabbage tree, and then prune accordingly. To control the size of your Cabbage tree, you can cut back as much as a third of its height and girth . Late winter or early spring is the best time to do so. Finally, you may prefer to just trim off dead or damaged portions of the plant, including deadheading spent flowers, to keep it looking its best. This can be done at any time of year. Diseased or damaged stems should be cut right at the soil line and removed completely. Blooms should be cut off just below the flower head. Cabbage tree is generally vigorous and will not be harmed by pruning. But take care if you live in an area where freezing is likely. If you cut back the stems down to the woody section shortly before a freeze, this can allow water to travel through the stem to the roots, where it may freeze and kill your Cabbage tree.
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What should I do after pruning my Cabbage tree?
Cabbage tree is generally tolerant of limited water and may become mildewy with too much water. Right after pruning is a good time to water and fertilizer though, to encourage new growth and blooming. However, care needs to be taken to avoid wounded areas when watering to avoid fungal infestation of the plant through fresh wounds. When you are ready to dispose of sections of the plant that you removed during pruning, there are two important things to keep in mind. Cabbage tree leaves or branches found to be diseased need to be trimmed off and destroyed away from the plant. Do not use it as compost material. Wherever you dispose of the trimmings, remember that Cabbage tree roots and spreads easily. Be careful that your trimmings do not inadvertently produce new, unwanted Cabbage tree.
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What are some tips for pruning my Cabbage tree?
From hedges to containers, in any landscape or garden, annual pruning and regular trims can encourage Cabbage tree produce beautiful blooms and remain healthy for many years. For your major pruning, use sharp pruning sheers that will make clean cuts to avoid damaging your plants. Make each cut at a 45° angle to encourage healthy new growth. As you are pruning your Cabbage tree, step back occasionally to check the appearance of the plant to make sure it has the shape you want and that you are pruning it symmetrically. Try not to prune heavily at flowering time, just the dried flowers need to be pruned back as this will affect flowering. A useful approach is to remove only the longer branches and sucker shoots, leaving the blooms closer to the primary stems intact. Finally, as you prune, be on the lookout for mold or mildew. Cabbage tree is susceptible to fungal or bacterial and you will want to address this problem, removing molded or fungal(bacterial) sections to avoid further damage to your Cabbage tree.
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Advanced Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail

What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Cabbage tree?

While the plant is not classed as completely hardy, mature plants will survive the winter months outdoors in milder regions. The cabbage tree will survive in temperatures between 5 to 15 ℃, but thrives in temperatures above 16 ℃. Mature plants may survive down to -5 ℃ for short periods, but if the temperature drops to below 1 ℃ for long periods, then the health of the plant may begin to suffer.
If growing indoors, be sure to move your plant away from any cold drafts, particularly when the temperature drops. Though mature plants are capable of surviving the winter, younger plants are more prone to frost damage.
The cabbage tree is fairly easy to care if you pay attention to how much you water your plant to prevent the soil from drying out. This will depend on your local environment and humidity levels.
Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail
What is the optimal temperature for Cabbage tree?
For this tropical plant to thrive, you’ll want to keep them between 75℉ and 90℉ (25-32℃). Each species can handle temperatures outside of this range, but keeping it within several degrees of these limits will ensure they grow to their maximum potential.
As for its extreme temperature limits, any environment below 50℉ (10℃) or above 95℉ (35℃) will begin to hinder its growth and cause various aberrations to its leaves and stems. This is especially true with low temperatures; even a light frost can cause your tropical plants to perish. Cellular death can begin to happen at a rapid pace, with some species dying in as little as 12 to 24 hours.
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Does Cabbage tree require different temperatures for different growing phases?
While Cabbage tree doesn’t require any changes in temperature to enter different growing phases, it is important to stay consistent. Wild temperature fluctuations can slow down its growth regardless of its current phase, so it's always better to keep them in a controlled environment. That optimal temperature range of 75℉ and 90℉ (25-32℃) is vital to maintain, especially staying above the lower limit. Going above 90℉(32℃) isn’t ideal, but as tropical plant it won’t suffer too much. On the other hand, going below 50℉ (10℃) (and especially 40℉/5℃) will begin to directly damage this heat-loving plant species.
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Does Cabbage tree need different temperatures for different seasons?
Cabbage tree does not need different temperatures for different growing seasons. The most important step in seasonal care is to keep the environment within the optimal temperature range. That's why it's always best to keep this plant indoors. That way, you can control the temperature no matter what the climate is like outside.
Light is also important for tropical species, with all of these plants preferring a partial side level of sun exposure. This means any light they receive needs to be dappled or filtered, with bright but indirect light being the best option when growing your plants indoors. Too much direct sunlight can negatively affect your plant’s leaves, reducing its growth potential.
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What are the temperature guidelines to keep your Cabbage tree healthy?
Tip #1: Don’t Leave Your Plant Near Windows in Colder Months
If you want to make sure your plant isn’t exposed to colder temperatures, you may want to keep them away from windows. In colder months like late fall and winter, even the smallest draft can leak cold air into your home through cracks in your windows. While this air usually dissipates and warms up as it travels throughout your home, any plants placed in close proximity to the window will be affected. Move your tropical plants into an area where they will still get bright but indirect light, while making sure they won’t be affected by potential drafts.
Tip #2: If You Find Dry Patches, Your Plant May Be Getting Too Much Sunlight or Heat
You may notice the leaves become white or even scorched on a sunny day. These discolorations and unusual markings usually indicate that a plant is getting too much heat or sunlight, and it may be dehydrated. Excess light and heat will dry out the soil, stopping plants from getting the moisture they need to support their cellular structure. It also slows down or stops the process of photosynthesis, further hindering growth. If ignored for too long, these dry spots can spread and eventually result in the death of your plants.
Tip #3: Avoid Frost at All Costs
Colder temperatures and frost can damage your plants by causing ice crystals or disrupt normal physiological activity. This makes it nearly impossible for water to move freely throughout plant tissue, creating a deficit of moisture in their stems and leaves. You can tell a plant has been damaged by frost if it begins to suffer from hydrosis (it will appear as though it's soaked with water.) If the problem persists, your plants may begin shriveling and turning a dark brown or black hue. After that, the plant will almost certainly die.
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What is the best way to maintain the right temperature for my Cabbage tree?
The best way to maintain the right temperature range for Cabbage tree is by keeping an eye on both the climate and humidity. You’ll want to try to keep each species in a room where you have access to climate control, keeping the heat in the temperature range best mimics its natural habitat. The humidity levels will also have a direct effect on temperature, so it's important to monitor these as well. You can artificially raise the humidity of your growing space by using a humidifier or lightly misting the leaves with water.
If you intend to grow this species outside, you may find it difficult to maintain the right balance of temperature and humidity. If temperatures begin to drop or the air becomes too dry, your best option is to find room within your home and move your plant inside. An indoor growing space will allow you to control the climate more closely, helping your plant reach its full potential.
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Cultivation:SoilDetail

What Soil is Best for Cabbage tree?

The optimum soil for your cabbage tree is a rich, well-draining soil with a pH value between 6-6.5, so slightly acidic. Because it needs a soil that holds nutrients well, an open mix containing bark would not be suitable. Instead, a mix containing 50% loam along with some sand, chalk, peat, or clay would be the best choice. This will ensure that the soil does not dry out too quickly.
Cultivation:SoilDetail
Cultivation:PropagationDetail

How to Propagate Cabbage tree?

The cabbage tree is not the easiest plant to propagate. Because of this, many people choose to buy a young plant instead.
If you decide to propagate from a cutting, then you should do so in early spring for the best chance of success. Using a sharp knife, cut the shoots as close to the main stem as you are able. Trim the leaves back until all you have are two or three emerging leaves, and then insert the cutting into a well-draining potting mix. Place the pot with the cuttings in a large, clear plastic bag and put it in a place that has good, but not direct, sunlight. Within two months, roots should develop. Your plant can then be put into a larger container, or straight into the ground if you live in a warm climate.

Propagation

Cabbage tree provides good landscaping for your garden all year round, which is quite essential for the garden. As your Cabbage tree grows, you may want to know how to get more of them for free. Or maybe your Cabbage tree has been damaged by a pest or disease and you’d like to save it and propagate a new plant. This article is about how to propagate your Cabbage tree. Softwood cuttings is an easy way to propagate this plant. The best seasons in which to propagate the Cabbage tree by cuttings are spring and early summer, when the plant is growing the most actively. During this time, there is plenty of light available for the cuttings to devote to new growth, and your Cabbage tree should have new shoots that are suitable for propagation. Your cutting should still be flexible, but should have reached a level of hardness that it will snap when bent. The tools needed to propagate Cabbage tree are the same as those used for other types of propagation by cutting, although you will not need a particularly strong cutting tool as the material is still quite soft.
  1. Sharp scissors or gardening knife
  2. Diluted bleach solution or isopropyl alcohol to clean tools
  3. Rooting hormone (optional)
  4. Pot(s) with drainage holes for planting
  5. All-purpose potting soil for planting
  6. Clear plastic bag (optional)
Step 1: Prepare one or more small pots with moistened potting mix. You can generally plant several cuttings in the same pot for propagation, as long as you leave about an inch between cuttings in each pot. Step 2: Locate healthy shoots on the parent plant and plan where to cut. The cutting should have at least a couple of leaves and one or two nodes in order for the plant to generate new growth. The cutting length should ideally be about 10cm. Use the sterilized cutting tool to take a cutting just above a leaf joint on the parent plant. Step 3: Remove leaves from the bottom half of the cutting and then trim the bottom just below a node. Dip the bottom end of the cutting into rooting powder (if using) according to the directions. Step 4: Plant the cuttings into your prepared pot one-by-one, being sure that at least one node is buried. Step 5: Keep your Cabbage tree in a warm, protected location with plenty of indirect sunlight. To give Cabbage tree a better chance of survival, you can cover them loosely with a clear plastic bag to create a mini-greenhouse. A rubber band or tape can be used to affix it to the pot. Doing this increases warmth and humidity, which helps the plant to establish roots more quickly. Step 6: Monitor the Cabbage tree, watering as needed so the soil doesn’t get dry, until it is time to transplant. Roots generally begin to form within 4 to 6 weeks, and you may want to thin out unhealthy cuttings or move some of the Cabbage tree to individual pots to give them more space to grow. When the Cabbage tree regrows new leaves, it means that it has successfully grown roots and needs to be transplanted after the new leaves have fully expanded. It is best to transplant Cabbage tree on an overcast day with mild temperatures to avoid stressing them as soon as they are planted.
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Cultivation:PropagationDetail
Cultivation:PlantingDetail

How to Plant Cabbage tree?

If planting outdoors, plant in the spring, once you are sure that the plant will not be affected by frost. Planting in spring will give your cabbage tree time to become well established before the onset of winter. If you do not live in a mild climate, only mature plants should spend the winter outdoors.
Though the roots are not invasive, the volume of the root system as the plant grows larger could potentially cause structural damage, so it is highly advised to plant the cabbage tree at least 5 m away from any structure. Since the plant doesn't like its root ball being disturbed, it is also quite difficult to transplant once matured, so give some forethought to where you choose to plant your cabbage tree.
This is a plant that loves deep soil, so if planting your cabbage tree in a container, be sure to choose a tall pot. The container should allow for two years growth, so select a pot with a drainage hole that is at least 15 cm wider than the root ball of your plant. When planting, it is advisable to soak the soil around the rootball, including the rootball itself.
Though the cabbage tree will happily grow in containers indoors, it tends to do better outdoors. If planting in a container indoors, then you should keep your cabbage tree in full light conditions and strongly consider sometimes placing it in an outdoor area in full sun, as often as the weather allows. This is because the foliage will take on a much more vibrant colour as an outdoor plant, and the chance of flowering also increases.
Cultivation:PlantingDetail
PlantCare:TransplantSummary

How to Transplant Cabbage tree?

The prime season for transplanting cabbage tree is from early to late spring, as this allows the plant to acclimate to its new location. Choose a site with well-draining soil, and partial sun to light shade. If needed, protect young plants from harsh winds for a successful transplant. Happy gardening!
PlantCare:TransplantSummary
Cultivation:PottingSuggestions

How to Repot Cabbage tree?

Needs excellent drainage in pots.
Cultivation:PottingSuggestions
care_scenes

More Info on Cabbage Tree Growth and Care

Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
Explore More
Lighting
Full sun
Cabbage tree thrives under abundant solar exposure, though it can manage in lighter shades. Originating from domains of significant sun exposure, it favors light intensity for optimum health and growth, throughout all stages. Insufficient sun may hinder growth, while overexposure might lead to leaf burn.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
0 43 ℃
The cabbage tree grows natively in a temperate climate with a preferred temperature range of 68 to 100 ℉ (20 to 38 ℃). During the summer months, it can withstand temperatures up to 104 ℉ (40 ℃), while in the winter it can tolerate temperatures down to 25 ℉ (-4 ℃). In hotter regions, it is recommended to plant the cabbage tree in partial shade to prevent heat stress.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Transplant
3-5 feet
The prime season for transplanting cabbage tree is from early to late spring, as this allows the plant to acclimate to its new location. Choose a site with well-draining soil, and partial sun to light shade. If needed, protect young plants from harsh winds for a successful transplant. Happy gardening!
Transplant Techniques
Overwinter
20 ℃
Cabbage tree, native to New Zealand, flaunts its hardiness to cold climates with its unique ability to survive temperatures as low as -15°C. This evergreen marvel naturally pulls through winter with few needs, but mulching and a sheltered spot ensure it sails through the coldest months unscathed. The gardener's main role is watching for severe conditions that could threaten cabbage tree's robustness.
Winter Techniques
Brown blotch yellow edge
Brown spot refers to a fungal disease causing browning and spotting on Cabbage tree's leaves and stems. The disease impairs the aesthetic value of the plant and could eventually lead to plant death if untreated.
Learn More About the Disease
Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a destructive fungal disease that poses detrimental effects upon Cabbage tree. It causes premature defoliation, dried and crumpled leaves which often leads to severe growth retardation, eventually hindering its overall health and aesthetics.
Learn More About the Disease
Toxic
Slightly Toxic to Humans
The cabbage tree isn't very dangerous, but it does contain enough saponins in its tissues to ruin the day of anyone who eats them. It causes drooling, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, cramping, and loss of appetite. Sometimes symptoms may be bad enough to require hospitalization, but this usually requires eating a large amount. Small children are the most susceptible to being poisoned and should be kept away from this plant. If anyone eats this plant and shows serious symptoms, call your doctor at once. If the sufferer is a child or other vulnerable person, take them to a hospital for supportive care until they recover.
Toxic Details
Feng shui direction
East
The cabbage tree is seen by some to bring positive energy when facing East. An unobtrusive aesthetic suits this placement and can subtly encourage well-being. Its potential to uplift the owner's chi is widely recognized, albeit subjective. Note that individual chi interactions may vary, emphasizing the importance of personal judgment and comfort.
Fengshui Details
care_seasonal_tips

Seasonal Care Tips

seasonal-tip

Seasonal Precautions

If your cabbage tree is grown in a pot, then it is advisable to bring it indoors at the beginning of winter if you live in a colder climate. At the very least, move your plant to a more sheltered area of the garden to protect it from cold winds.
Alternatively, if your cabbage tree is grounded, then rig up some protection by installing canes around the plant and wrapping some insulation around them. Make sure that the insulation is not touching the plant - this could easily freeze onto the plant, causing damage. In milder periods of the winter, remove the padding to allow the plant to breathe. If the worst happens and your cabbage tree becomes heavily damaged by a cold winter, you could try cutting it down to soil level to encourage new growth.
seasonal-tip
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Spring

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Summer

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Fall

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Winter

Tropical plants like your plant require some care in the spring.

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1
Early spring is the ideal time to remove any overgrowth and dead vines or branches.
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2
A monthly application of diluted all-purpose liquid fertilizer will encourage healthy growth and blooming. Make sure to apply the fertilizer before buds start appearing.
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3
Water whenever the top layer of soil is beginning to dry out.
more
4
Move any container plants to a sunny location to strengthen growth.
more
5
Carefully prune older, new growth for propagation. Coating the cutting in rooting hormone will help establish the new plant.

To encourage flowering or fruiting, the plant requires some care.

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1
Ensure the plant is receiving plenty of sunlight.
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2
Keep an eye out for diseases and pests in the summer.
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3
Watering frequency may also need increasing, depending on the amount of weekly rainfall.
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4
Continue fertilizing once or twice a month to support flowering or fruiting.
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5
Container plants receiving more than six or so hours of sunlight a day may require relocating to a partially shady location.
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6
New plants can be propagated from root or stem shoots. Carefully remove the cutting, coat in a rotting hormone powder, and plant in a container.

While your plant is growing in the fall, continue the monthly fertilization and make sure the plant receives the water and misting it needs to thrive.

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1
Keep the soil moist, watering whenever the soil becomes dry, and fertilize the plant monthly with a diluted, liquid, all-purpose fertilizer.
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2
Make sure your plant continues to take in bright sunlight through this season, which will help promote growth throughout the season.
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3
To propagate the plant, you can take cuttings at this time and repot them.
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4
Continue to watch out for pests and diseases, such as scales and mealybugs.

Continue to care for your plant during winter, even though it won’t need as much attention as during the months of active growth.

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1
Keep this plant indoors in freezing winter climates to best protect it and allow it to regrow during the spring.
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2
During the winter, your plant isn't greedy for water, but does require bright light. You can reduce watering to a minimum during this time.
more
3
Keep the plant in bright sunlight even during the winter. Avoid feeding the plant during this restful season. Other than giving it some cold protection and sunlight, you can almost leave the plant to itself.
care_pet_and_diseases

Common Pests & Diseases

Common issues for Cabbage tree based on 10 million real cases
Brown blotch yellow edge
Brown blotch yellow edge Brown blotch yellow edge
Brown blotch yellow edge
Brown spot refers to a fungal disease causing browning and spotting on Cabbage tree's leaves and stems. The disease impairs the aesthetic value of the plant and could eventually lead to plant death if untreated.
Leaf blight
Leaf blight Leaf blight
Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a destructive fungal disease that poses detrimental effects upon Cabbage tree. It causes premature defoliation, dried and crumpled leaves which often leads to severe growth retardation, eventually hindering its overall health and aesthetics.
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Underwatering
Underwatering Underwatering
Underwatering
Leaves may wilt for a variety of reasons.
Solutions: The easiest (and most obvious) way to address underwatering is to fully hydrate the plant. However, this must be done carefully. A common mistake that many gardeners make is to douse their underwatered plants with water. This can overwhelm the roots of the plant and shock its system, something that can be even more damaging than the lack of water to begin with. Instead, water thoroughly and slowly, taking breaks to let the water slowly saturate through the soil to get to the roots. Use room temperature water, as cold water might be too much of a shock. In the future, shorten the time between waterings. A good rule of thumb is to check the soil around each plant daily. If it’s dry to at least two inches down, it’s time to water. If a container plant is repeatedly drying out very quickly, repotting into a slower-draining container might be a good idea, too.
Yellow spot
Yellow spot Yellow spot
Yellow spot
Leaf spot can show up as yellow or white spots on the leaves.
Solutions: Diseases Fungicides can prevent the transmission of spores, but they may not treat the established infection. The first step is removing and disposing of all infected plant parts. Then apply recommended chemicals. For bacterial infections, apply a spray containing copper or streptomycin. For fungal infections, consult the local cooperative extension for recommendations on which fungicides will work best. Nutrient deficiency Apply a liquid fertilizer via foliar application to fix the deficiency quickly. Follow label directions regarding dosing instructions and application notes, such as not using before the rain or when temperatures are out of the recommended range. Incorrect watering Determine the water requirements for your specific plant, and follow accordingly. Some plants like consistently moist soil, and others like the soil to dry out slightly before being watered. Pests Thoroughly apply an insecticidal soap, an organic product like neem oil, or an appropriate chemical insecticide to the plant.
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plant poor
Brown blotch yellow edge
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Cabbage tree?
What is Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Cabbage tree?
Brown spot refers to a fungal disease causing browning and spotting on Cabbage tree's leaves and stems. The disease impairs the aesthetic value of the plant and could eventually lead to plant death if untreated.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The main symptoms include dark brown or black spots appearing on Cabbage tree's leaves, some lesions may have a yellow halo. Leaf tips may wilt as disease progresses, with foliage eventually dying off.
What Causes Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Cabbage tree?
What Causes Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Cabbage tree?
1
Fungus
Brown spot is primarily caused by the fungus Mycosphaerella spp., which colonizes the leaves and stems causing brown lesions.
How to Treat Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Cabbage tree?
How to Treat Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Cabbage tree?
1
Non pesticide
Pruning: Remove the infected foliage to prevent further spread of the disease.

Proper watering: Avoid overhead watering to minimize moisture on foliage, discouraging fungal proliferation.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide application: Apply fungicides containing chlorothalonil or copper for controlling the fungal infection.
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Leaf blight
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf blight Disease on Cabbage tree?
What is Leaf blight Disease on Cabbage tree?
Leaf blight is a destructive fungal disease that poses detrimental effects upon Cabbage tree. It causes premature defoliation, dried and crumpled leaves which often leads to severe growth retardation, eventually hindering its overall health and aesthetics.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The disease onset on Cabbage tree is marked by yellow patches on leaves, which later turn brown and dry out. Leaf tips and edges are first to show signs. Gradually, the entire leaf crumples, dries up and falls off.
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Cabbage tree?
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Cabbage tree?
1
Pathogen
The disease is primarily caused by the fungus Pythium aphanidermatum. This pathogen thrives in wet and warm conditions, and can be spread by water splashes, wind, and contaminated garden tools
2
Soil Moisture
Overwatering leads to saturated soil that deprives Cabbage tree's roots of oxygen, weakens the plant, and creates an ideal environment for the Pythium aphanidermatum.
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Cabbage tree?
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Cabbage tree?
1
Non pesticide
Rotation: Planting resistant varieties in rotation can disrupt the pathogen's life cycle.

Soil Management: Improved drainage reduces soil moisture and inhibits fungal growth.

Sanitation: Regularly remove and dispose of infected debris to prevent spreading the spores.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide: Using approved fungicides that contain fosetyl-Al, propamocarb or etridiazole can effectively control leaf blight. Always follow label directions for effective usage.
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Brown spot
plant poor
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
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Underwatering
plant poor
Underwatering
Leaves may wilt for a variety of reasons.
Overview
Overview
Underwatering plants is one of the quickest ways to kill them. This is something that most gardeners are well aware of. Unfortunately, knowing exactly how much water a plant needs can be tricky, especially considering that underwatering and overwatering present similar symptoms in plants.
Therefore, it’s important to be vigilant and attentive to each plants’ individual needs.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
As mentioned earlier, overwatering and underwatering present similar symptoms in plants. These symptoms include poor growth, wilted leaves, defoliation, and brown leaf tips or margins. Ultimately, both underwatering and overwatering can lead to the death of a plant.
The easiest way to determine whether a plant has too much water or too little is to look at the leaves. If underwatering is the culprit, the leaves will look brown and crunchy, while if it’s overwatering, they will appear yellow or a pale green in color.
When this issue first begins, there may be no noticeable symptoms at all, particularly in hardy or drought-tolerant plants. However, they will begin to wilt once they start suffering from a lack of water. The edges of the plant’s leaves will become brown or curled. Soil pulling away from the edges of the planter is a telltale sign, or a crispy, brittle stem.
Prolonged underwatering can cause a plant’s growth to become stunted. The leaves might drop and the plant can be more susceptible to pest infestations, too.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Underwatering is caused by, quite simply, not watering plants often or deeply enough. There is a heightened risk of underwatering if any of these situations apply:
  • Extreme heat and dry weather (when growing outdoors)
  • Grow lights or indoor lighting that is too bright or intense for the type of plant
  • Using fast-draining growing media such as sand
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Yellow spot
plant poor
Yellow spot
Leaf spot can show up as yellow or white spots on the leaves.
Overview
Overview
Yellow spot is a common condition that affects all types of plants -- flowering ornamentals, trees, shrubs, herbs, and vegetable plants -- worldwide. Yellow spots may appear because of dozens of potential causes and occur in various environmental and climatic conditions, but fortunately, most are easy to address. The most common causes of yellow spots include diseases, nutrient deficiency, watering problems, and pests.
In most cases, yellow spots can be treated without permanent damage to the plant. However, in some fungal disease cases, nothing can be done to treat the disease after infection, and the plant will ultimately perish from the disease.
Due to this, the most critical aspect of addressing yellow spots on plants is correctly determining the cause.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Symptoms occur on varying parts of the plant, depending upon the cause. Smaller spots tend to be indicative of younger infections or newly developing problems.
  • Small yellow spots appear on leaves
  • Spots can occur on the lower or upper leaf surfaces, or both
  • Raised, rounded, or sunken spots with fringed or smooth edges
  • Spots may grow together, causing leaves to become totally discolored
  • Stunted growth
  • Premature leaf drop
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The vast majority of yellow spot diseases are caused by fungal pathogens. However, there are some situations in which bacteria, environmental conditions, or other issues may be blamed.
Diseases are typically host-specific, so they may only affect plants within the same family. That said, just about every single species of plant is vulnerable to at least one disease that causes yellow spot. The most common problems are leaf blight, leaf septoria, powdery mildew, and downy mildew, to name a few.
All plants need specific nutrients from the soil to survive. When these nutrients become depleted or unavailable for plant uptake due to particular conditions, deficiencies occur, and yellow spots are seen.
  • Nitrogen is an integral component of chlorophyll.
  • Iron is needed in the enzymes that make chlorophyll.
Yellow spots may also appear because of incorrect watering, mainly underwatering, or infestations of sap-sucking pests such as aphids.
  • Too little water inhibits photosynthesis. Too much water pushes oxygen out of the soil and the roots cannot take in nutrients or even water from the soil.
  • Insect problems can cause yellow spots directly by damaging leaf tissue when feeding, or they may introduce pathogens.
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care_toxicity

Cabbage Tree and Their Toxicity

Slightly Toxic to Humans
Slightly Toxic to Humans
The cabbage tree isn't very dangerous, but it does contain enough saponins in its tissues to ruin the day of anyone who eats them. It causes drooling, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, cramping, and loss of appetite. Sometimes symptoms may be bad enough to require hospitalization, but this usually requires eating a large amount. Small children are the most susceptible to being poisoned and should be kept away from this plant. If anyone eats this plant and shows serious symptoms, call your doctor at once. If the sufferer is a child or other vulnerable person, take them to a hospital for supportive care until they recover.
Toxic to Dogs
Toxic to Dogs
Cabbage trees are mildly toxic to dogs. All parts of the plant contain saponins which can cause mild irritation and gastrointestinal upset in dogs. Symptoms of cabbage tree ingestion include subdued appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, and excessive drooling. Luckily, these saponins make the foliage and flowers very bitter, so dogs rarely ingest large quantities.
Toxic to Cats
Toxic to Cats
Cabbage trees are mildly toxic to cats. All parts of this plant contain saponins, although it is the plant's fronds and seeds that are most likely to be eaten. Symptoms following ingestion can include vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, and loss of appetite. Thankfully, cabbage trees are extremely bitter, so cats rarely eat large enough quantities of plant material to cause a severe reaction.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Your pets like cats and dogs can be poisoned by them as well!
1
Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
It’s better to kill those growing around your house. Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages, and do not let your pets reach it;Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
7
If you take your pets to hike with you in the wild, please don’t let them eat any plants that you don’t know;
8
Once your pets eat, touch or inhale anything from toxic plants and act abnormally, please call the doctors for help ASAP!
pets
Pets
Some pets are less likely than children to eat and touch just about everything. This is good, as a pet owner. However, you know your pet best, and it is up to you to keep them safe. There are plenty of poisonous weeds that can grow within the confines of your lawn, which might make your dogs or cats ill or worse if they eat them. Try to have an idea of what toxic plants grow in your area and keep them under control and your pets away from them.
pets
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Everyone should keep the following in mind to prevent being poisoned:
1
Do not eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
If you need to kill it, wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages;
7
Wear properly when you hiking or working in the wilderness. Long pants, long sleeves, gloves, hiking shoes, etc., that protect you from being hurt by any plants;
8
Once you or your family aren’t feeling well after eating, touching or inhaling anything from toxic plants, please call your doctor for help ASAP!
Outdoor Workers
Outdoor Workers and Recreationalists
Those who enjoy the outdoors either as a hobby or as part of their work will rarely see a plant and decide to munch on it (although the scenario is not unheard of). However, they do tend to deal with moving through and brushing aside plants. These people are more at risk of being poisoned by touching toxic plants than by ingesting them.
Outdoor Workers
Foragers
Foragers
Foraging for food and medicinal plants is a desirable skill among people who want to feel at one with the land. This hobby can be very useful and enjoyable, but if done wrong , it can lead to disastrous effects. People who forage are picking and grabbing plants with the full intention of using those plants, most of the time to ingest them.
Foragers
Children
Children
While outdoor workers are more likely to touch poison and foragers are more likely to ingest poison, children can easily do both. These bundles of joy just love to run around and explore the world. They enjoy touching things and occasionally shoving random stuff in their mouth; this is a terrible combination with toxic plants in the mix.
If you let your children run about, it is important to know what are the local toxic plants that they could accidentally get into. Try to educate the children and steer them away from where the toxic plants are located.
Children
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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More About Cabbage Tree

Plant Type
Plant Type
Shrub
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Spread
Spread
5 m
Bloom Time
Bloom Time
Summer
Flower Color
Flower Color
White
Cream
Leaf Color
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
Flower Size
5 to 6 mm
Plant Height
Plant Height
20 m

Name story

Cabbage tree
The cabbage tree's genus name, Cordyline, comes from the Greek word, kordyle, which means "club." This name was a reference to the bulbous, clublike shape of its underground stems and rhizomes. Australis, meanwhile, simply means "southern." The common name, cabbage tree, likely came about because early colonists used its leaves as a replacement for cabbage.

Usages

Garden Use
Cabbage tree is used in coastal and Mediterranean gardens, often planted along sunny borders or in sheltered beds. It also makes an excellent container plant for use in courtyards and patio gardens. The hardy plant is prized for its resistance to most diseases. It is also resistant to deer and other common garden pests.
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Common Problems

Why are the leaves on my cabbage tree dull?

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If the leaves on your cabbage tree appear dull, this is usually down to its environment. Too much fertilizer, low light intensity or very high temperatures could all be the cause of faded colour in the leaves. To remedy this, try moving your plant to an area of higher light intensity, reducing fertilizer use, or transfering your plant to an area with partial shade to help reduce temperatures.

Why are the tips and edges of the leaves on my cabbage tree turning brown?

more more
If the leaves on your cabbage tree are turning brown, then this is often a case of fluoride toxicity. The cabbage tree is very sensitive to the presence of fluoride in water. To remedy this, try not to water your plant with tap water, as this commonly contains fluoride. Instead, use collected rainwater or filtered water. Brown leaves could also be a sign that you are allowing the soil to dry out too much. As both fluoride toxicity and dry soil initially present in the same way, it is advisable to adjust your watering schedule and switch to collected rainwater or filtered water at the same time.

Why has my cabbage tree not bloomed?

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Try not to worry! The cabbage tree does not usually bloom until it is mature, generally more than 15 years old. Though it is more common for the cabbage tree to flower outdoors, flowers can also appear on houseplants. To encourage your indoor cabbage tree to bloom, pop it outside for the day when it is warm and sunny.
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Caring for a New Plant

new-plant
The following pictures and instructions for tropical plant are aimed to help your plants adapt and thrive in a new environment.
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1
Picking a Healthy Tropical Plant
check-health

Check Its Health

part-image-bg part-image
Whole Plant
Symmetrical crown, evenly distributed branches, full and compact shape, no excessive growth, close internodes, and uniform leaf size.
part-image-bg part-image
Branches
The branches are not withered, and the trunk is free of boreholes or damage.
part-image-bg part-image
Leaves
Check the inside of the plant, shaded and overlapping areas, back of leaves. Even colour, no yellowing, no brown spots, no crawling insects, no cobwebs, no deformities, no wilting.
part-image-bg part-image
Stems
No mold, browning or soft rot at the base of the plant.
health-trouble

Health Troubleshooting

Whole Plant
trouble-image
more 1 Asymmetrical crown or missing, uneven branching: prune the weak and slender branches of the larger portion of the asymmetrical crown, then trim the overgrown larger branches.
trouble-image
more 2 Internodes are longer in the upper part, leaves are sparse and smaller on top: increase light intensity or duration.
Branches
trouble-image
more 1 Dry branches: check if the branch is still alive by peeling back a small section of bark and trim away any dry branches. Watch out for signs of insect infestation inside the branch.
trouble-image
more 2 Bark with holes: inject insecticide into the holes and apply systemic insecticide to the roots.
trouble-image
more 3 Damaged bark: brush on a wound-healing agent, and avoid getting it wet.
Stems
trouble-image
Mildew, browning, or soft rot at the base: place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment and water with fungicide.
Leaves
trouble-image
more 1 Uneven leaf color and yellowing: prune yellow leaves and check if there are signs of rot at the base of the plant. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
trouble-image
more 2 Brown spots or small yellow spots: place the plant in a ventilated area and avoid watering the leaves. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
trouble-image
more 3 Tiny crawling insects on the back of leaves or spider webs between leaves: increase light exposure and spray with insecticide for severe cases.
trouble-image
more 4 Deformations or missing parts on leaves: determine if it's physical damage or pest infestation. Linear or tearing damage is physical, while the rest are pests. Spray with insecticide.
trouble-image
more 5 Wilting leaves: provide partial shade and avoid excessive sun exposure. Remove 1/3 to 1/2 of the leaves for severe cases.
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Check Its Growing Conditions

check
Soil Check
Soil should smell fresh like after a rain and no musty odor.
check
Light Check
Check the light requirement of the plant and if it match with planting location.
check
Ventilation Check
Ensure good ventilation.
check
Temperature Check
Check if the current outdoor temperature is too low or too high.
condition-trouble

Condition Troubleshooting

check
Soil
Potting mix soil, Peat moss mix soil
Soil smells musty or foul: check the root system for decay, place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment, and water with fungicide.
check
Suitable Light
Full sun, Partial sun
Insufficient light: Indoor plants can handle reduced light but not full shade. Periodically moving the plant to a sunnier spot can help compensate for nutrient depletion in dim conditions.
Transplant recovery: Shade, place in bright diffused light. Gradually increase light after 3 days without wilting. If transplanted/repotted or lost leaves, shade for a week. Increase light if yellowing and leaf drop occur.
check
Ideal Temperature
10℃ to 35℃
Temperature is too low or too high: Indoors usually meets plant needs. Don't place outside below 50℉ (10℃) or above 86℉ (30℃).
check
Ventilation
Well Ventilated
Non-ventilated environment: can lead to root rot, diseases, and flower drop. Place plants in a well-ventilated location, such as a window.
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2
Adapting Your New Tropical Plant
Step 1
condition-image
Repotting
Transplanting is possible but not necessary. Clean the roots by removing any rotten or blackened roots. Be careful when removing the plant from its pot to keep the root system intact and avoid spreading the soil. If the roots are too tangled, gently spread them out and trim as needed. For planting, mix a small amount of well-rotted organic fertilizer into the bottom of the soil. Use loose and airy floral soil for planting and press the soil down slightly after planting. Water the soil promptly and thoroughly after planting.
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Step 2
condition-image
Pruning
Not usually needed. Cut off yellow or diseased leaves and crowded leaves that appear wilted or falling.
show more show-more
Step 3
condition-image
Watering
Increase watering in the first week to keep soil moist. Water when soil is slightly dry, for at least 2 weeks. Avoid over-watering. Do not water when there is water on your fingers after touching the soil.
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Step 4
condition-image
Fertilizing
Add a small amount of base fertilizer during transplanting or repotting. No other fertilizer needed for the first month.
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label
main-image
Cabbage Tree
label-image
Repotting
Clean roots, avoid soil spreading, use organic fertilizer, plant in loose soil, water thoroughly.
label-image
Pruning
Cut off yellow or diseased leaves and crowded leaves that appear wilted or falling.
label-image
Watering
Water new plants more often for 2 weeks. Avoid over/under watering by checking the soil.
label-image
Fertilizing
Add base fertilizer during transplanting. No other fertilizer is needed for the first month.
label-image
Sunlight
Regular sun exposure for indoor plants. Shade after transplanting/repotting, then gradually increase light if there is no wilting. Increase light if yellowing and leaf drop occur.
label
main-image
Cabbage Tree
label-image
Repotting
Clean roots, avoid soil spreading, use organic fertilizer, plant in loose soil, water thoroughly.
label-image
Pruning
Cut off yellow or diseased leaves and crowded leaves that appear wilted or falling.
label-image
Watering
Water new plants more often for 2 weeks. Avoid over/under watering by checking the soil.
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Fertilizing
Add base fertilizer during transplanting. No other fertilizer is needed for the first month.
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Sunlight
Regular sun exposure for indoor plants. Shade after transplanting/repotting, then gradually increase light if there is no wilting. Increase light if yellowing and leaf drop occur.
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Cabbage tree
Cabbage tree
Cabbage tree
Cabbage tree
Cabbage tree

How to Care for Cabbage Tree

Cabbage tree (*Cordyline australis*) is a subtropical palm-like tree that thrives in environments with fertile, well-drained soil. Salt and drought tolerant, they are ideal for sunny borders or containers. The cabbage tree blooms in late spring to early summer with small, fragrant white flowers. It's not an unusual sight in city courtyards and coastal gardens.
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Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Water
Sunlight
Full sun
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Toxic to Human & Pets
care_basic_guide

Basic Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterDetail

How to Water Cabbage tree?

Cultivation:WaterDetail
For optimal growth, regular watering is advised. However, once the cabbage tree is well established, it will tolerate periods of drought better than most plants. Because of this, the cabbage tree requires less water during the winter months, depending on the climate.
While it is important to keep your soil continuously moist, be careful not to overwater, as this can damage the roots. During the summer months or dry spells, don’t allow the soil to dry out completely. How often you water your cabbage tree will depend on your local environment, but a rough guide should be once or twice a week.
If your cabbage tree is planted in a container, then the soil will dry out quicker than ground soil. You should water your plant when the top 5 cm of soil has dried out.
A good tip is to water your cabbage tree with collected rainwater or filtered water, due to potentially high levels of fluoride in tap water. This can be harmful to the plant.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail

How to Fertilize Cabbage tree?

Cultivation:FertilizerDetail
Although the cabbage tree does not necessarily require fertilizer when planted in nutrient-rich soil, you could still use a fertilizer sparingly to encourage growth. Use a slow-release fertilizer in the spring, followed by a liquid feed at the height of summer. This fertilizer should be used once every 4-6 weeks.
Container-grown plants should be fed a liquid fertilizer once a month throughout the growing season, which is usually between late spring to the end of summer. Fertilizer is not needed at all in the winter for either garden or container plants.
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Fertilizer

Cabbage tree typically have ornamental leaves that can add a sense of lushness to your living spaces. With the right care, that foliage will maintain a consistent color and look healthy all year long. However, an important part of a proper care routine for a Cabbage tree is fertilization. If you don't know when and how to fertilize a Cabbage tree, there is a good chance that your plant may begin to decline or at least fail to live up to its full potential. As such, the following sections will introduce you to how to feed a Cabbage tree the right way.
The primary reason why Cabbage tree needs regular fertilization is that they have showy leaves that require a lot of energy to produce and maintain. The challenge is that your Cabbage tree must not only allot enough energy to keep its leaves in good shape, but it must also find enough energy to support the growth of its stems, branches, roots, and all its other vital structures. If you neglect fertilization, there are two outcomes that are likely to take place. The first is that the leaves of your Cabbage tree will begin to lose their natural color or texture while looking somewhat unhealthy overall, which detracts greatly from its ornamental appeal. The other outcome is that your Cabbage tree will begin to slow its growth overall or produce weak growth that could be prone to breakage.
Cabbage tree will benefit from occasionally feedings , which is why you do not need to set a standard feeding schedule upon planting one of these plants. One of the easiest ways to fertilize your Cabbage tree is to simply apply your fertilizer when you water this plant sometimes. During the growing season, your Cabbage tree will also need a decent amount of water. You could feed this plant once every two-three weeks. This feeding rate should continue during the entire time that your plant is producing new growth.
The fertilizer for a Cabbage tree has a specific blend of nutrients, each of which is present in relatively low amounts. An ideal fertilizer will have an N-P-K ratio of 3-1-2. However, a general-purpose fertilizer that has an even blend of nutrients can work well in some cases. Still, even when using a balanced fertilizer, the ratio number representing the volume of each nutrient should be at 3 or lower. The fertilizer you use can be either granular or liquid based. If you choose to use a liquid-based fertilizer, it is often best to dilute the strength by half. While there is not much downside to granular fertilizer, it is often most sensible to use liquid fertilizer, especially if you feed your Cabbage tree while you supply water.
One of the easiest ways to fertilize a Cabbage tree is to feed it anytime that you water it. To perform this method, gather your fertilizer and a water container, such as a watering can. Then mix the fertilizer with water to dilute its strength. Then, simply pour the water with the fertilizer onto the soil and allow it to soak down to the roots. Alternatively, you could use a granular fertilizer. If you use a granular fertilizer, all you need to do is sprinkle some of the fertilizer on the soil in which your Cabbage tree lives. Granular fertilizers are usually slow-release fertilizers which means you won't need to fertilize as often as you would with a liquid fertilizer. In either case, it is beneficial to water while you feed your Cabbage tree.
The signs of improper fertilization for a Cabbage tree should become obvious relatively quickly. Overfertilization is specifically harmful to this plant, and it can cause several visible signs. The most common signs are browning leaf margins, yellowing leaves, wilting leaves, excess fertilizer build-up in the soil, and loss of foliage.
Cabbage tree are also vulnerable to a complication known as fertilizer burn, in which a plant receives too many nutrients, which causes the roots to dry out and cease their main function. However, if you give your Cabbage tree water while you feed it, it is far less likely that fertilizer burn will occur.
Throughout most of the year, it is permissible to maintain a regular fertilization schedule for your Cabbage tree. During the active growing season of spring, summer, and early fall. However, during the winter, this plant should not receive fertilizer at all.
During winter, Cabbage tree will enter a dormant growth phase. In that phase, the plant will either put forth no new growth or very little new growth. That lack of active growth means that your Cabbage tree will be using less energy overall, which is why fertilization is not needed at that time.
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Cultivation:SunlightDetail

What Are the Sunlight Requirements for Cabbage tree?

Cultivation:SunlightDetail
The cabbage tree enjoys an area of the garden in full sun to part shade, with some varieties able to tolerate full shade too. A good rule to remember is that plants with green leaves tend to have a preference for sun, whereas plants with multi-coloured foliage seem to have a greater preference for indirect and filtered sunlight.
Whilst the cabbage tree is commonly grown in the garden, it can also happily grow indoors, as long as there is adequate sunlight and shade.
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Cultivation:PruningDetail

How to Prune Cabbage tree?

Cultivation:PruningDetail
Very little regular pruning is needed for your cabbage tree, as the plant will naturally shed its older leaves. Simply cut away any yellowing or withered leaves and overgrown stems to maintain a tidy appearance. Although you can prune your cabbage tree at any time of the year, it might be best to wait until late spring if you live in a colder climate. This is because the leaves can offer some frost protection to the plant before the warmer weather arrives.
Once the cabbage tree has matured, it may flower every year in early summer, producing sweet-smelling, cup-shaped flowers that are often followed by berries. Once spent, you should cut back the dead flower stems using a sharp knife or secateurs. A sharp knife should also be used when cutting back dead leaves - if you pull the leaves off, this can cause severe damage to the main stem.
If your cabbage tree becomes too tall for your taste, you can simply cut it down to your preferred height. Use a sharp pair of shears, leaving just the bare stem. This should be done at the beginning of spring.
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Advanced Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail

What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Cabbage tree?

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail
While the plant is not classed as completely hardy, mature plants will survive the winter months outdoors in milder regions. The cabbage tree will survive in temperatures between 5 to 15 ℃, but thrives in temperatures above 16 ℃. Mature plants may survive down to -5 ℃ for short periods, but if the temperature drops to below 1 ℃ for long periods, then the health of the plant may begin to suffer.
If growing indoors, be sure to move your plant away from any cold drafts, particularly when the temperature drops. Though mature plants are capable of surviving the winter, younger plants are more prone to frost damage.
The cabbage tree is fairly easy to care if you pay attention to how much you water your plant to prevent the soil from drying out. This will depend on your local environment and humidity levels.
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Cultivation:SoilDetail

What Soil is Best for Cabbage tree?

Cultivation:SoilDetail
The optimum soil for your cabbage tree is a rich, well-draining soil with a pH value between 6-6.5, so slightly acidic. Because it needs a soil that holds nutrients well, an open mix containing bark would not be suitable. Instead, a mix containing 50% loam along with some sand, chalk, peat, or clay would be the best choice. This will ensure that the soil does not dry out too quickly.
Cultivation:PropagationDetail

How to Propagate Cabbage tree?

Cultivation:PropagationDetail
The cabbage tree is not the easiest plant to propagate. Because of this, many people choose to buy a young plant instead.
If you decide to propagate from a cutting, then you should do so in early spring for the best chance of success. Using a sharp knife, cut the shoots as close to the main stem as you are able. Trim the leaves back until all you have are two or three emerging leaves, and then insert the cutting into a well-draining potting mix. Place the pot with the cuttings in a large, clear plastic bag and put it in a place that has good, but not direct, sunlight. Within two months, roots should develop. Your plant can then be put into a larger container, or straight into the ground if you live in a warm climate.
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Propagation

Cabbage tree provides good landscaping for your garden all year round, which is quite essential for the garden. As your Cabbage tree grows, you may want to know how to get more of them for free. Or maybe your Cabbage tree has been damaged by a pest or disease and you’d like to save it and propagate a new plant. This article is about how to propagate your Cabbage tree. Softwood cuttings is an easy way to propagate this plant. The best seasons in which to propagate the Cabbage tree by cuttings are spring and early summer, when the plant is growing the most actively. During this time, there is plenty of light available for the cuttings to devote to new growth, and your Cabbage tree should have new shoots that are suitable for propagation. Your cutting should still be flexible, but should have reached a level of hardness that it will snap when bent. The tools needed to propagate Cabbage tree are the same as those used for other types of propagation by cutting, although you will not need a particularly strong cutting tool as the material is still quite soft.
  1. Sharp scissors or gardening knife
  2. Diluted bleach solution or isopropyl alcohol to clean tools
  3. Rooting hormone (optional)
  4. Pot(s) with drainage holes for planting
  5. All-purpose potting soil for planting
  6. Clear plastic bag (optional)
Step 1: Prepare one or more small pots with moistened potting mix. You can generally plant several cuttings in the same pot for propagation, as long as you leave about an inch between cuttings in each pot. Step 2: Locate healthy shoots on the parent plant and plan where to cut. The cutting should have at least a couple of leaves and one or two nodes in order for the plant to generate new growth. The cutting length should ideally be about 10cm. Use the sterilized cutting tool to take a cutting just above a leaf joint on the parent plant. Step 3: Remove leaves from the bottom half of the cutting and then trim the bottom just below a node. Dip the bottom end of the cutting into rooting powder (if using) according to the directions. Step 4: Plant the cuttings into your prepared pot one-by-one, being sure that at least one node is buried. Step 5: Keep your Cabbage tree in a warm, protected location with plenty of indirect sunlight. To give Cabbage tree a better chance of survival, you can cover them loosely with a clear plastic bag to create a mini-greenhouse. A rubber band or tape can be used to affix it to the pot. Doing this increases warmth and humidity, which helps the plant to establish roots more quickly. Step 6: Monitor the Cabbage tree, watering as needed so the soil doesn’t get dry, until it is time to transplant. Roots generally begin to form within 4 to 6 weeks, and you may want to thin out unhealthy cuttings or move some of the Cabbage tree to individual pots to give them more space to grow. When the Cabbage tree regrows new leaves, it means that it has successfully grown roots and needs to be transplanted after the new leaves have fully expanded. It is best to transplant Cabbage tree on an overcast day with mild temperatures to avoid stressing them as soon as they are planted.
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Cultivation:PlantingDetail

How to Plant Cabbage tree?

Cultivation:PlantingDetail
If planting outdoors, plant in the spring, once you are sure that the plant will not be affected by frost. Planting in spring will give your cabbage tree time to become well established before the onset of winter. If you do not live in a mild climate, only mature plants should spend the winter outdoors.
Though the roots are not invasive, the volume of the root system as the plant grows larger could potentially cause structural damage, so it is highly advised to plant the cabbage tree at least 5 m away from any structure. Since the plant doesn't like its root ball being disturbed, it is also quite difficult to transplant once matured, so give some forethought to where you choose to plant your cabbage tree.
This is a plant that loves deep soil, so if planting your cabbage tree in a container, be sure to choose a tall pot. The container should allow for two years growth, so select a pot with a drainage hole that is at least 15 cm wider than the root ball of your plant. When planting, it is advisable to soak the soil around the rootball, including the rootball itself.
Though the cabbage tree will happily grow in containers indoors, it tends to do better outdoors. If planting in a container indoors, then you should keep your cabbage tree in full light conditions and strongly consider sometimes placing it in an outdoor area in full sun, as often as the weather allows. This is because the foliage will take on a much more vibrant colour as an outdoor plant, and the chance of flowering also increases.
PlantCare:TransplantSummary

How to Transplant Cabbage tree?

PlantCare:TransplantSummary
The prime season for transplanting cabbage tree is from early to late spring, as this allows the plant to acclimate to its new location. Choose a site with well-draining soil, and partial sun to light shade. If needed, protect young plants from harsh winds for a successful transplant. Happy gardening!
Cultivation:PottingSuggestions

How to Repot Cabbage tree?

Cultivation:PottingSuggestions
Needs excellent drainage in pots.
care_seasonal_tips

Seasonal Care Tips

seasonal-tip

Seasonal Precautions

If your cabbage tree is grown in a pot, then it is advisable to bring it indoors at the beginning of winter if you live in a colder climate. At the very least, move your plant to a more sheltered area of the garden to protect it from cold winds.
Alternatively, if your cabbage tree is grounded, then rig up some protection by installing canes around the plant and wrapping some insulation around them. Make sure that the insulation is not touching the plant - this could easily freeze onto the plant, causing damage. In milder periods of the winter, remove the padding to allow the plant to breathe. If the worst happens and your cabbage tree becomes heavily damaged by a cold winter, you could try cutting it down to soil level to encourage new growth.
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Fall

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Winter

Tropical plants like your plant require some care in the spring.

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1
Early spring is the ideal time to remove any overgrowth and dead vines or branches.
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2
A monthly application of diluted all-purpose liquid fertilizer will encourage healthy growth and blooming. Make sure to apply the fertilizer before buds start appearing.
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3
Water whenever the top layer of soil is beginning to dry out.
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4
Move any container plants to a sunny location to strengthen growth.
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5
Carefully prune older, new growth for propagation. Coating the cutting in rooting hormone will help establish the new plant.

To encourage flowering or fruiting, the plant requires some care.

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1
Ensure the plant is receiving plenty of sunlight.
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2
Keep an eye out for diseases and pests in the summer.
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3
Watering frequency may also need increasing, depending on the amount of weekly rainfall.
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4
Continue fertilizing once or twice a month to support flowering or fruiting.
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5
Container plants receiving more than six or so hours of sunlight a day may require relocating to a partially shady location.
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6
New plants can be propagated from root or stem shoots. Carefully remove the cutting, coat in a rotting hormone powder, and plant in a container.

While your plant is growing in the fall, continue the monthly fertilization and make sure the plant receives the water and misting it needs to thrive.

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1
Keep the soil moist, watering whenever the soil becomes dry, and fertilize the plant monthly with a diluted, liquid, all-purpose fertilizer.
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2
Make sure your plant continues to take in bright sunlight through this season, which will help promote growth throughout the season.
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3
To propagate the plant, you can take cuttings at this time and repot them.
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4
Continue to watch out for pests and diseases, such as scales and mealybugs.

Continue to care for your plant during winter, even though it won’t need as much attention as during the months of active growth.

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1
Keep this plant indoors in freezing winter climates to best protect it and allow it to regrow during the spring.
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2
During the winter, your plant isn't greedy for water, but does require bright light. You can reduce watering to a minimum during this time.
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3
Keep the plant in bright sunlight even during the winter. Avoid feeding the plant during this restful season. Other than giving it some cold protection and sunlight, you can almost leave the plant to itself.
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Common Pests & Diseases

Common issues for Cabbage tree based on 10 million real cases
Brown blotch yellow edge
Brown blotch yellow edge Brown blotch yellow edge Brown blotch yellow edge
Brown spot refers to a fungal disease causing browning and spotting on Cabbage tree's leaves and stems. The disease impairs the aesthetic value of the plant and could eventually lead to plant death if untreated.
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Leaf blight
Leaf blight Leaf blight Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a destructive fungal disease that poses detrimental effects upon Cabbage tree. It causes premature defoliation, dried and crumpled leaves which often leads to severe growth retardation, eventually hindering its overall health and aesthetics.
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Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
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Underwatering
Underwatering Underwatering Underwatering
Leaves may wilt for a variety of reasons.
Solutions: The easiest (and most obvious) way to address underwatering is to fully hydrate the plant. However, this must be done carefully. A common mistake that many gardeners make is to douse their underwatered plants with water. This can overwhelm the roots of the plant and shock its system, something that can be even more damaging than the lack of water to begin with. Instead, water thoroughly and slowly, taking breaks to let the water slowly saturate through the soil to get to the roots. Use room temperature water, as cold water might be too much of a shock. In the future, shorten the time between waterings. A good rule of thumb is to check the soil around each plant daily. If it’s dry to at least two inches down, it’s time to water. If a container plant is repeatedly drying out very quickly, repotting into a slower-draining container might be a good idea, too.
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Yellow spot
Yellow spot Yellow spot Yellow spot
Leaf spot can show up as yellow or white spots on the leaves.
Solutions: Diseases Fungicides can prevent the transmission of spores, but they may not treat the established infection. The first step is removing and disposing of all infected plant parts. Then apply recommended chemicals. For bacterial infections, apply a spray containing copper or streptomycin. For fungal infections, consult the local cooperative extension for recommendations on which fungicides will work best. Nutrient deficiency Apply a liquid fertilizer via foliar application to fix the deficiency quickly. Follow label directions regarding dosing instructions and application notes, such as not using before the rain or when temperatures are out of the recommended range. Incorrect watering Determine the water requirements for your specific plant, and follow accordingly. Some plants like consistently moist soil, and others like the soil to dry out slightly before being watered. Pests Thoroughly apply an insecticidal soap, an organic product like neem oil, or an appropriate chemical insecticide to the plant.
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Brown blotch yellow edge
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Cabbage tree?
What is Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Cabbage tree?
Brown spot refers to a fungal disease causing browning and spotting on Cabbage tree's leaves and stems. The disease impairs the aesthetic value of the plant and could eventually lead to plant death if untreated.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The main symptoms include dark brown or black spots appearing on Cabbage tree's leaves, some lesions may have a yellow halo. Leaf tips may wilt as disease progresses, with foliage eventually dying off.
What Causes Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Cabbage tree?
What Causes Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Cabbage tree?
1
Fungus
Brown spot is primarily caused by the fungus Mycosphaerella spp., which colonizes the leaves and stems causing brown lesions.
How to Treat Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Cabbage tree?
How to Treat Brown blotch yellow edge Disease on Cabbage tree?
1
Non pesticide
Pruning: Remove the infected foliage to prevent further spread of the disease.

Proper watering: Avoid overhead watering to minimize moisture on foliage, discouraging fungal proliferation.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide application: Apply fungicides containing chlorothalonil or copper for controlling the fungal infection.
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Leaf blight
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf blight Disease on Cabbage tree?
What is Leaf blight Disease on Cabbage tree?
Leaf blight is a destructive fungal disease that poses detrimental effects upon Cabbage tree. It causes premature defoliation, dried and crumpled leaves which often leads to severe growth retardation, eventually hindering its overall health and aesthetics.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The disease onset on Cabbage tree is marked by yellow patches on leaves, which later turn brown and dry out. Leaf tips and edges are first to show signs. Gradually, the entire leaf crumples, dries up and falls off.
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Cabbage tree?
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Cabbage tree?
1
Pathogen
The disease is primarily caused by the fungus Pythium aphanidermatum. This pathogen thrives in wet and warm conditions, and can be spread by water splashes, wind, and contaminated garden tools
2
Soil Moisture
Overwatering leads to saturated soil that deprives Cabbage tree's roots of oxygen, weakens the plant, and creates an ideal environment for the Pythium aphanidermatum.
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Cabbage tree?
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Cabbage tree?
1
Non pesticide
Rotation: Planting resistant varieties in rotation can disrupt the pathogen's life cycle.

Soil Management: Improved drainage reduces soil moisture and inhibits fungal growth.

Sanitation: Regularly remove and dispose of infected debris to prevent spreading the spores.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide: Using approved fungicides that contain fosetyl-Al, propamocarb or etridiazole can effectively control leaf blight. Always follow label directions for effective usage.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
Solutions
Solutions
In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary.
Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading.
  1. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear.
  2. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread.
  3. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Prevention
Prevention
Like many other diseases, it is easier to prevent brown spot than cure it, and this is done through cultural practices.
  • Clear fall leaves from the ground before winter to minimize places where fungi and bacteria can overwinter.
  • Maintain good air movement between plants through proper plant spacing.
  • Increase air circulation through the center of plants through pruning.
  • Thoroughly clean all pruning tools after working with diseased plants.
  • Never dispose of disease plant material in a compost pile.
  • Avoid overhead watering to keep moisture off of the foliage.
  • Keep plants healthy by providing adequate sunlight, water, and fertilizer.
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Underwatering
plant poor
Underwatering
Leaves may wilt for a variety of reasons.
Overview
Overview
Underwatering plants is one of the quickest ways to kill them. This is something that most gardeners are well aware of. Unfortunately, knowing exactly how much water a plant needs can be tricky, especially considering that underwatering and overwatering present similar symptoms in plants.
Therefore, it’s important to be vigilant and attentive to each plants’ individual needs.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
As mentioned earlier, overwatering and underwatering present similar symptoms in plants. These symptoms include poor growth, wilted leaves, defoliation, and brown leaf tips or margins. Ultimately, both underwatering and overwatering can lead to the death of a plant.
The easiest way to determine whether a plant has too much water or too little is to look at the leaves. If underwatering is the culprit, the leaves will look brown and crunchy, while if it’s overwatering, they will appear yellow or a pale green in color.
When this issue first begins, there may be no noticeable symptoms at all, particularly in hardy or drought-tolerant plants. However, they will begin to wilt once they start suffering from a lack of water. The edges of the plant’s leaves will become brown or curled. Soil pulling away from the edges of the planter is a telltale sign, or a crispy, brittle stem.
Prolonged underwatering can cause a plant’s growth to become stunted. The leaves might drop and the plant can be more susceptible to pest infestations, too.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Underwatering is caused by, quite simply, not watering plants often or deeply enough. There is a heightened risk of underwatering if any of these situations apply:
  • Extreme heat and dry weather (when growing outdoors)
  • Grow lights or indoor lighting that is too bright or intense for the type of plant
  • Using fast-draining growing media such as sand
Solutions
Solutions
The easiest (and most obvious) way to address underwatering is to fully hydrate the plant. However, this must be done carefully. A common mistake that many gardeners make is to douse their underwatered plants with water. This can overwhelm the roots of the plant and shock its system, something that can be even more damaging than the lack of water to begin with.
Instead, water thoroughly and slowly, taking breaks to let the water slowly saturate through the soil to get to the roots. Use room temperature water, as cold water might be too much of a shock.
In the future, shorten the time between waterings. A good rule of thumb is to check the soil around each plant daily. If it’s dry to at least two inches down, it’s time to water. If a container plant is repeatedly drying out very quickly, repotting into a slower-draining container might be a good idea, too.
Prevention
Prevention
Always check the soil before watering. If the top inch of soil feels moist, though not wet, the watering is perfect. If it’s dry, water it immediately. If it feels soggy, you avoid watering until it dries out a bit more.
Also, make sure the lighting is sufficient for the species. Plants grow faster and need more water when there is intense light or lots of heat. Being aware of these conditions and modifying them, if possible, is a good way to prevent underwatering. Many container plants are potted in soil mixtures mean to be well-draining. Adding materials that retain moisture, like compost or peat moss, can also prevent these symptoms.
Other tips to prevent underwatering include:
  • Choose pots with adequately-sized drainage holes
  • Avoid warm temperatures
  • Use large pots with additional soil (these take longer to dry out)
  • Avoid terracotta pots, which lose water quickly
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Yellow spot
plant poor
Yellow spot
Leaf spot can show up as yellow or white spots on the leaves.
Overview
Overview
Yellow spot is a common condition that affects all types of plants -- flowering ornamentals, trees, shrubs, herbs, and vegetable plants -- worldwide. Yellow spots may appear because of dozens of potential causes and occur in various environmental and climatic conditions, but fortunately, most are easy to address. The most common causes of yellow spots include diseases, nutrient deficiency, watering problems, and pests.
In most cases, yellow spots can be treated without permanent damage to the plant. However, in some fungal disease cases, nothing can be done to treat the disease after infection, and the plant will ultimately perish from the disease.
Due to this, the most critical aspect of addressing yellow spots on plants is correctly determining the cause.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Symptoms occur on varying parts of the plant, depending upon the cause. Smaller spots tend to be indicative of younger infections or newly developing problems.
  • Small yellow spots appear on leaves
  • Spots can occur on the lower or upper leaf surfaces, or both
  • Raised, rounded, or sunken spots with fringed or smooth edges
  • Spots may grow together, causing leaves to become totally discolored
  • Stunted growth
  • Premature leaf drop
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The vast majority of yellow spot diseases are caused by fungal pathogens. However, there are some situations in which bacteria, environmental conditions, or other issues may be blamed.
Diseases are typically host-specific, so they may only affect plants within the same family. That said, just about every single species of plant is vulnerable to at least one disease that causes yellow spot. The most common problems are leaf blight, leaf septoria, powdery mildew, and downy mildew, to name a few.
All plants need specific nutrients from the soil to survive. When these nutrients become depleted or unavailable for plant uptake due to particular conditions, deficiencies occur, and yellow spots are seen.
  • Nitrogen is an integral component of chlorophyll.
  • Iron is needed in the enzymes that make chlorophyll.
Yellow spots may also appear because of incorrect watering, mainly underwatering, or infestations of sap-sucking pests such as aphids.
  • Too little water inhibits photosynthesis. Too much water pushes oxygen out of the soil and the roots cannot take in nutrients or even water from the soil.
  • Insect problems can cause yellow spots directly by damaging leaf tissue when feeding, or they may introduce pathogens.
Solutions
Solutions
Diseases
Fungicides can prevent the transmission of spores, but they may not treat the established infection. The first step is removing and disposing of all infected plant parts. Then apply recommended chemicals.
For bacterial infections, apply a spray containing copper or streptomycin.
For fungal infections, consult the local cooperative extension for recommendations on which fungicides will work best.
Nutrient deficiency
Apply a liquid fertilizer via foliar application to fix the deficiency quickly. Follow label directions regarding dosing instructions and application notes, such as not using before the rain or when temperatures are out of the recommended range.
Incorrect watering
Determine the water requirements for your specific plant, and follow accordingly. Some plants like consistently moist soil, and others like the soil to dry out slightly before being watered.
Pests
Thoroughly apply an insecticidal soap, an organic product like neem oil, or an appropriate chemical insecticide to the plant.
Prevention
Prevention
Depending on the type of plant and which specific disease is causing yellow spot, problems may be avoided by taking the following preventative steps:
  • Plant resistant varieties
  • Avoid planting susceptible varieties close together - space susceptible plants further apart from one another so it’s more difficult for the fungal spores to find new plant hosts.
  • Water wisely - water from below rather than splashing water on foliage. This can reduce the spread of both bacterial and fungal pathogens responsible for yellow spot.
  • Prune - prune as a way of getting rid of affected leaves but also to control the spread of yellow spot to new plants. Pruning can also improve air circulation to limit disease spread.
  • Rotate crops - many diseases, including downy mildew, can live in the soil over the winter and produce problems for many years. Rotate annual crops to new locations each year so that they aren’t growing anywhere in which plants in the same family were grown within the last three to four years.
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care_toxicity

Cabbage Tree and Their Toxicity

* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
Slightly Toxic to Humans
The cabbage tree isn't very dangerous, but it does contain enough saponins in its tissues to ruin the day of anyone who eats them. It causes drooling, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, cramping, and loss of appetite. Sometimes symptoms may be bad enough to require hospitalization, but this usually requires eating a large amount. Small children are the most susceptible to being poisoned and should be kept away from this plant. If anyone eats this plant and shows serious symptoms, call your doctor at once. If the sufferer is a child or other vulnerable person, take them to a hospital for supportive care until they recover.
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Toxic to Dogs
Cabbage trees are mildly toxic to dogs. All parts of the plant contain saponins which can cause mild irritation and gastrointestinal upset in dogs. Symptoms of cabbage tree ingestion include subdued appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, and excessive drooling. Luckily, these saponins make the foliage and flowers very bitter, so dogs rarely ingest large quantities.
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Toxic to Cats
Cabbage trees are mildly toxic to cats. All parts of this plant contain saponins, although it is the plant's fronds and seeds that are most likely to be eaten. Symptoms following ingestion can include vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, and loss of appetite. Thankfully, cabbage trees are extremely bitter, so cats rarely eat large enough quantities of plant material to cause a severe reaction.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Your pets like cats and dogs can be poisoned by them as well!
1
Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
It’s better to kill those growing around your house. Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages, and do not let your pets reach it;Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
7
If you take your pets to hike with you in the wild, please don’t let them eat any plants that you don’t know;
8
Once your pets eat, touch or inhale anything from toxic plants and act abnormally, please call the doctors for help ASAP!
pets
Pets
Some pets are less likely than children to eat and touch just about everything. This is good, as a pet owner. However, you know your pet best, and it is up to you to keep them safe. There are plenty of poisonous weeds that can grow within the confines of your lawn, which might make your dogs or cats ill or worse if they eat them. Try to have an idea of what toxic plants grow in your area and keep them under control and your pets away from them.
pets
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Everyone should keep the following in mind to prevent being poisoned:
1
Do not eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
If you need to kill it, wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages;
7
Wear properly when you hiking or working in the wilderness. Long pants, long sleeves, gloves, hiking shoes, etc., that protect you from being hurt by any plants;
8
Once you or your family aren’t feeling well after eating, touching or inhaling anything from toxic plants, please call your doctor for help ASAP!
Outdoor Workers
Outdoor Workers and Recreationalists
Those who enjoy the outdoors either as a hobby or as part of their work will rarely see a plant and decide to munch on it (although the scenario is not unheard of). However, they do tend to deal with moving through and brushing aside plants. These people are more at risk of being poisoned by touching toxic plants than by ingesting them.
Outdoor Workers
Foragers
Foragers
Foraging for food and medicinal plants is a desirable skill among people who want to feel at one with the land. This hobby can be very useful and enjoyable, but if done wrong , it can lead to disastrous effects. People who forage are picking and grabbing plants with the full intention of using those plants, most of the time to ingest them.
Foragers
Children
Children
While outdoor workers are more likely to touch poison and foragers are more likely to ingest poison, children can easily do both. These bundles of joy just love to run around and explore the world. They enjoy touching things and occasionally shoving random stuff in their mouth; this is a terrible combination with toxic plants in the mix.
If you let your children run about, it is important to know what are the local toxic plants that they could accidentally get into. Try to educate the children and steer them away from where the toxic plants are located.
Children
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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More About Cabbage Tree

Plant Type
Plant Type
Shrub
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Spread
Spread
5 m
Bloom Time
Bloom Time
Summer
Flower Color
Flower Color
White
Cream
Leaf Color
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
Flower Size
5 to 6 mm
Plant Height
Plant Height
20 m

Name story

Cabbage tree
The cabbage tree's genus name, Cordyline, comes from the Greek word, kordyle, which means "club." This name was a reference to the bulbous, clublike shape of its underground stems and rhizomes. Australis, meanwhile, simply means "southern." The common name, cabbage tree, likely came about because early colonists used its leaves as a replacement for cabbage.

Usages

Garden Use
Cabbage tree is used in coastal and Mediterranean gardens, often planted along sunny borders or in sheltered beds. It also makes an excellent container plant for use in courtyards and patio gardens. The hardy plant is prized for its resistance to most diseases. It is also resistant to deer and other common garden pests.
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Common Problems

Why are the leaves on my cabbage tree dull?

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If the leaves on your cabbage tree appear dull, this is usually down to its environment. Too much fertilizer, low light intensity or very high temperatures could all be the cause of faded colour in the leaves. To remedy this, try moving your plant to an area of higher light intensity, reducing fertilizer use, or transfering your plant to an area with partial shade to help reduce temperatures.

Why are the tips and edges of the leaves on my cabbage tree turning brown?

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If the leaves on your cabbage tree are turning brown, then this is often a case of fluoride toxicity. The cabbage tree is very sensitive to the presence of fluoride in water. To remedy this, try not to water your plant with tap water, as this commonly contains fluoride. Instead, use collected rainwater or filtered water. Brown leaves could also be a sign that you are allowing the soil to dry out too much. As both fluoride toxicity and dry soil initially present in the same way, it is advisable to adjust your watering schedule and switch to collected rainwater or filtered water at the same time.

Why has my cabbage tree not bloomed?

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Try not to worry! The cabbage tree does not usually bloom until it is mature, generally more than 15 years old. Though it is more common for the cabbage tree to flower outdoors, flowers can also appear on houseplants. To encourage your indoor cabbage tree to bloom, pop it outside for the day when it is warm and sunny.
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Caring for a New Plant

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The following pictures and instructions for tropical plant are aimed to help your plants adapt and thrive in a new environment.
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1
Picking a Healthy Tropical Plant
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Check Its Health

part
Whole Plant
Symmetrical crown, evenly distributed branches, full and compact shape, no excessive growth, close internodes, and uniform leaf size.
part
Branches
The branches are not withered, and the trunk is free of boreholes or damage.
more
Leaves
Check the inside of the plant, shaded and overlapping areas, back of leaves. Even colour, no yellowing, no brown spots, no crawling insects, no cobwebs, no deformities, no wilting.
more
Stems
No mold, browning or soft rot at the base of the plant.
health-trouble

Health Troubleshooting

Whole Plant
Branches
Stems
Leaves
more
more 1 Asymmetrical crown or missing, uneven branching: prune the weak and slender branches of the larger portion of the asymmetrical crown, then trim the overgrown larger branches.
more
more 2 Internodes are longer in the upper part, leaves are sparse and smaller on top: increase light intensity or duration.
more
more 1 Dry branches: check if the branch is still alive by peeling back a small section of bark and trim away any dry branches. Watch out for signs of insect infestation inside the branch.
more
more 2 Bark with holes: inject insecticide into the holes and apply systemic insecticide to the roots.
more
more 3 Damaged bark: brush on a wound-healing agent, and avoid getting it wet.
more
Mildew, browning, or soft rot at the base: place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment and water with fungicide.
more
more 1 Uneven leaf color and yellowing: prune yellow leaves and check if there are signs of rot at the base of the plant. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
more
more 2 Brown spots or small yellow spots: place the plant in a ventilated area and avoid watering the leaves. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
more
more 3 Tiny crawling insects on the back of leaves or spider webs between leaves: increase light exposure and spray with insecticide for severe cases.
more
more 4 Deformations or missing parts on leaves: determine if it's physical damage or pest infestation. Linear or tearing damage is physical, while the rest are pests. Spray with insecticide.
more
more 5 Wilting leaves: provide partial shade and avoid excessive sun exposure. Remove 1/3 to 1/2 of the leaves for severe cases.
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Check Its Growing Conditions

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Soil Check
Soil should smell fresh like after a rain and no musty odor.
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Light Check
Check the light requirement of the plant and if it match with planting location.
more
Ventilation Check
Ensure good ventilation.
more
Temperature Check
Check if the current outdoor temperature is too low or too high.
condition-trouble

Condition Troubleshooting

Soil
Suitable Light
Ideal Temperature
Ventilation
check
Potting mix soil, Peat moss mix soil
Soil
Soil smells musty or foul: check the root system for decay, place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment, and water with fungicide.
check
Full sun, Partial sun
Suitable Light
Insufficient light: Indoor plants can handle reduced light but not full shade. Periodically moving the plant to a sunnier spot can help compensate for nutrient depletion in dim conditions.
Transplant recovery: Shade, place in bright diffused light. Gradually increase light after 3 days without wilting. If transplanted/repotted or lost leaves, shade for a week. Increase light if yellowing and leaf drop occur.
check
10℃ to 35℃
Ideal Temperature
Temperature is too low or too high: Indoors usually meets plant needs. Don't place outside below 50℉ (10℃) or above 86℉ (30℃).
check
Well Ventilated
Ventilation
Non-ventilated environment: can lead to root rot, diseases, and flower drop. Place plants in a well-ventilated location, such as a window.
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2
Adapting Your New Tropical Plant
Step 1
condition-image
Repotting
Transplanting is possible but not necessary. Clean the roots by removing any rotten or blackened roots. Be careful when removing the plant from its pot to keep the root system intact and avoid spreading the soil. If the roots are too tangled, gently spread them out and trim as needed. For planting, mix a small amount of well-rotted organic fertilizer into the bottom of the soil. Use loose and airy floral soil for planting and press the soil down slightly after planting. Water the soil promptly and thoroughly after planting.
Step 2
condition-image
Pruning
Not usually needed. Cut off yellow or diseased leaves and crowded leaves that appear wilted or falling.
Step 3
condition-image
Watering
Increase watering in the first week to keep soil moist. Water when soil is slightly dry, for at least 2 weeks. Avoid over-watering. Do not water when there is water on your fingers after touching the soil.
Step 4
condition-image
Fertilizing
Add a small amount of base fertilizer during transplanting or repotting. No other fertilizer needed for the first month.
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Lighting
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
Choose a site here for personalized care tips.
Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Cabbage tree thrives under abundant solar exposure, though it can manage in lighter shades. Originating from domains of significant sun exposure, it favors light intensity for optimum health and growth, throughout all stages. Insufficient sun may hinder growth, while overexposure might lead to leaf burn.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Insufficient light
Cabbage tree thrives in full sunlight but is sensitive to heat. As a plant commonly grown outdoors with abundant sunlight, it may exhibit subtle symptoms of light deficiency when placed in rooms with suboptimal lighting.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Slower or no new growth
Cabbage tree enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your cabbage tree may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Excessive light
Cabbage tree thrives in full sun exposure but is sensitive to heat. Although sunburn symptoms occasionally occur, they are unable to withstand intense sunlight in high-temperature environments.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
The cabbage tree grows natively in a temperate climate with a preferred temperature range of 68 to 100 ℉ (20 to 38 ℃). During the summer months, it can withstand temperatures up to 104 ℉ (40 ℃), while in the winter it can tolerate temperatures down to 25 ℉ (-4 ℃). In hotter regions, it is recommended to plant the cabbage tree in partial shade to prevent heat stress.
Regional wintering strategies
Cabbage tree is extremely heat-loving, and any cold temperatures can cause harm to it. In the autumn, it is recommended to bring outdoor-grown Cabbage tree indoors and place it near a bright window, but it should be kept at a certain distance from heaters. Maintaining temperatures above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min} during winter is beneficial for plant growth. Any temperatures approaching {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min} are detrimental to the plant.
Important Symptoms
Low Temperature
Cabbage tree prefers warm temperatures and is not tolerant of low temperatures. It thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, the leaves may lighten in color. After frost damage, the color gradually turns brown or black, and symptoms such as wilting and drooping may occur.
Solutions
Trim off the frost-damaged parts. Immediately move indoors to a warm environment for cold protection. Choose a spot near a south-facing window to place the plant, ensuring ample sunlight. Additionally, avoid placing the plant near heaters or air conditioning vents to prevent excessive dryness in the air.
High Temperature
During summer, Cabbage tree should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the color of the leaves becomes lighter, and the plant becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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Transplant
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How to Successfully Transplant Cabbage Tree?
The prime season for transplanting cabbage tree is from early to late spring, as this allows the plant to acclimate to its new location. Choose a site with well-draining soil, and partial sun to light shade. If needed, protect young plants from harsh winds for a successful transplant. Happy gardening!
What Preparations are Needed Before Transplanting Cabbage Tree?
What is the Ideal Time for Transplanting Cabbage Tree?
The optimal period for transplanting cabbage tree would be from the dawn of spring to its twilight. This season offers just the right blend of stable temperatures and soil moisture needed by cabbage tree for resuscitation and growth post-transplant. Working at this time ensures cabbage tree is experiencing minimal stress and can recover quickly in the refreshed and renewing environment of spring. This maximizes your success rate and ensures your garden remains flourishing without unwelcome setbacks.
How Much Space Should You Leave Between Cabbage Tree Plants?
When transplanting cabbage tree, it's best to space them 3-5 ft (0.9-1.5 m) apart. This will give them enough room to grow and spread their beautiful foliage.
What is the Best Soil Mix for Cabbage Tree Transplanting?
For cabbage tree, choose well-draining soil and mix in some slow-release granular fertilizer to nourish the plant. A blend of loam or sandy loam with some organic matter works great for these plants.
Where Should You Relocate Your Cabbage Tree?
Select a location that receives full sun to partial shade for cabbage tree. They enjoy basking in bright sunlight but can also thrive in dappled light, making them versatile garden additions.
What Equipments Should You Prepare Before Transplantation Cabbage Tree?
Gardening Gloves
To protect your hands while working with soil and plant.
Shovel or Spade
Required for digging the hole in ground for transplanting cabbage tree and removing the plant from its original location.
Garden Trowel
For exact digging and lifting out of the plant without damaging the root system.
Watering Can
To water the cabbage tree plant while removing it from its original pot and after transplanting.
Plant Marker or Tags
To label cabbage tree and keep track of its variety and transplanting date.
Gardening Fork
To loosen the soil.
How Do You Remove Cabbage Tree from the Soil?
From Ground: First, water the cabbage tree plant thoroughly. Once the soil has softened, carefully dig around the plant with a shovel or spade, ensuring the surrounding root ball remains intact. Try not to cut into the plant's roots as you dig. Once you've created enough space, work the spade under the root ball and lift it out.
From Pot: Water the pot thoroughly, then turn it on its side and gently slide the cabbage tree out. If it doesn’t come out easily, you may have to carefully break the pot to remove the plant.
From Seedling Tray: Sensitive to touch, seedlings should be eased out of the tray using a dibber (or pencil). Lift it safely, grasping the leaves to avoid damaging the roots.
Step-by-Step Guide for Transplanting Cabbage Tree
Step1 Identifying the Root Ball
Start by measuring the width and depth of the cabbage tree's root ball to know how large a hole you'll need to dig.
Step2 Digging the Hole
Dig a hole in the selected spot. Make sure the hole is twice the width and the same depth as the root ball.
Step3 Placing the Plant
Gently settle the plant into the hole, making sure it’s planted at the same level it was growing at before. The top of the root ball should be equal with or slightly above the surrounding soil to allow for settling.
Step4 Filling In
Backfill the hole with the same soil removed from it, gently firming it around the root ball. Avoid packing the soil too tightly as water will not be able to penetrate properly.
Step5 Watering
Thoroughly water the transplant, making sure the water reaches the root zone. It's important the plant receives enough moisture to settle into its new home.
How Do You Care For Cabbage Tree After Transplanting?
Regular Observation
Check the cabbage tree daily in the weeks following the transplant to ensure it isn't showing signs of transplant shock, such as yellowing leaves or wilt.
Pruning
Trim off any dead or dying leaves from cabbage tree to redirect its energy towards new growth.
Weeding
Keep the area around the base of cabbage tree weed-free. Weeds can compete with cabbage tree for nutrients and water.
Mulching
Cover the soil around cabbage tree with a layer of mulch to keep the soil moist and protect the roots.
Troubleshooting Common Issues with Cabbage Tree Transplantation.
When is the optimal time to transplant cabbage tree?
Plan to move your cabbage tree during the transition from winter to summer, ideally from early to late spring. This allows the plant enough time to establish roots before hot weather.
What is the recommended spacing for cabbage tree transplants?
Adequate spacing is essential for robust growth. Considering cabbage tree's size, place each plant about 3 to 5 feet (approximately 1 to 1.5 meters) apart.
How deep should the hole be for transplanting cabbage tree?
Dig a hole twice as wide and as deep as the root ball of the cabbage tree. This provides sufficient space for the roots to spread and grow.
How often should I water cabbage tree after transplanting?
Initially, water the cabbage tree daily for the first week or two after transplanting. After that, taper off to once a week. Just make sure the soil stays moderately moist.
What kind of soil is best for transplanting cabbage tree?
Cabbage tree thrives in well-draining soil. If your garden has heavy clay or sandy soil, amend it with compost or organic matter to improve its texture and fertility.
Can cabbage tree be transplanted in a pot?
Certainly, cabbage tree can grow in pots as well. Choose a container about twice the size of the root ball, and ensure it has drainage holes to prevent water stagnation.
How can I ensure successful transplantation of cabbage tree?
Keep the root ball of cabbage tree intact during transplantation. This would reduce stress on the plant and increase its odds of survival and successful establishment.
What's the role of mulching in cabbage tree transplantation?
Mulching around cabbage tree helps retain soil moisture and suppress weeds. Apply a 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cm) layer of mulch around the base, but avoid piling it against the stem.
Does cabbage tree need pruning after transplanting?
Light pruning right after transplanting can minimize stress on the cabbage tree. It reduces the amount of foliage the roots need to supply with water and nutrients.
How to deal with transplant shock in cabbage tree?
Transplant shock can be minimized by watering adequately, applying a slow-release fertilizer, and situating the cabbage tree in a location that matches its sunlight needs. Patience is key!
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Toxic
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Summarization
Slightly Toxic to Humans
Human
Toxic to Pets
Pets
AllParts
Toxic parts
Swallowed
Effect methods
Is Cabbage Tree toxic to human?
The cabbage tree isn't very dangerous, but it does contain enough saponins in its tissues to ruin the day of anyone who eats them. It causes drooling, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, cramping, and loss of appetite. Sometimes symptoms may be bad enough to require hospitalization, but this usually requires eating a large amount. Small children are the most susceptible to being poisoned and should be kept away from this plant. If anyone eats this plant and shows serious symptoms, call your doctor at once. If the sufferer is a child or other vulnerable person, take them to a hospital for supportive care until they recover.
Is Cabbage Tree toxic to dog?
Cabbage trees are mildly toxic to dogs. All parts of the plant contain saponins which can cause mild irritation and gastrointestinal upset in dogs. Symptoms of cabbage tree ingestion include subdued appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, and excessive drooling. Luckily, these saponins make the foliage and flowers very bitter, so dogs rarely ingest large quantities.
Is Cabbage Tree toxic to cat?
Cabbage trees are mildly toxic to cats. All parts of this plant contain saponins, although it is the plant's fronds and seeds that are most likely to be eaten. Symptoms following ingestion can include vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, and loss of appetite. Thankfully, cabbage trees are extremely bitter, so cats rarely eat large enough quantities of plant material to cause a severe reaction.
How to identify Cabbage Tree
* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
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