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Basic Care
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How to Care for Carnation

Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) is a herbaceous ornamental perennial known for its fragrant, distinctive flowers. Wild varieties of this species can be found in the Mediterranean. Carnation has rich symbolism, both in the traditional and religious sense. Its symbolic representations can be found in numerous cultures, from North America to the far East.
symbolism

Symbolism

Maternal love, remembrance
Water
Water
Every week
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
Toxic to Pets
Carnation play
Carnation
video play
Carnation
Carnation
Carnation
care_basic_guide

Basic Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterDetail

How to Water Carnation?

Carnation is drought tolerant and not flood tolerant, so care needs to be taken to avoid waterlogged soil or watering too often, or it will easily lead to root rot. When the plant's soil feels dry to the touch, add water to the soil until it is totally wet. During winter carnation grows slowly, and watering can be reduced accordingly. Water once every 3-4 weeks until growth returns in the spring.
Cultivation:WaterDetail
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What is the best way to water my Carnation?
When watering the Carnation, you should aim to use filtered water that is at room temperature. Filtered water is better for this plant, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to its health. The reason that the water should be at room temperature or slightly warmer is that the Carnation comes from a warm environment, and cold water can be somewhat of a shock to its system. Also, you should avoid overhead watering for this plant, as it can cause foliage complications. Instead, simply apply your filtered room temperature water to the soil until the soil is entirely soaked. Soaking the soil can be very beneficial for this plant as it moistens the roots and helps them continue to spread through the soil and collect the nutrients they need.
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What should I do if I water my Carnation too much or too little?
Both overwatering and underwatering will be detrimental to the health of your Carnation, but overwatering is a far more common issue. When this species receives too much water, its stems and leaves may begin to wilt and turn from green to yellow. Overwatering over a prolonged period may also lead to diseases such as root rot, mold, and mildew, all of which can kill your plant. Underwatering is far less common for the Carnation, as this plant has decent drought tolerance. However, underwatering remains a possibility, and when it occurs, you can expect to find that the leaves of your Carnation have become brittle and brown.
It is crucial that you notice the signs of overwatering as soon as possible when caring for your Carnation. Some of the diseases that arise from overwatering, such as root rot, may not be correctable if you wait too long. If you see early signs of overwatering, you should reduce your watering schedule immediately. You may also want to assess the quality of soil in which your Carnation grows. If you find that the soil drains very poorly, you should replace it immediately with a loose, well-draining potting mix. On the other hand, if you find signs that your Carnation is receiving too little water, all you need to do is water more regularly until those signs have subsided.
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How often should I water my Carnation?
If your plant is in a pot. The most precise way to decide whether your Carnation needs water is to plunge your finger into the soil. If you notice that the first two to three inches of soil have become dry, it is time to add some water.
If you grow your Carnation outdoors in the ground, you can use a similar method to test the soil. Again, when you find that the first few inches of soil have dried out, it is time to add water. During the spring and early fall, this method will often lead you to water this plant about once every week. When extremely hot weather arrives, you may need to increase your watering frequency to about twice or more per week. With that said, mature, well-established the Carnation can show an admirable ability to withstand drought.
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How much water does my Carnation need?
When it comes time to water your Carnation, you should not be shy about how much water you give. With the first two to three inches of soil dry, this plant will appreciate a long and thorough watering. Supply enough water to soak the soil entirely. The amount of water you add should be enough to cause excess water to flow through the drainage holes at the bottom of your pot. If you don’t see excess water draining from the pot, you have likely underwatered your plant. But do not let the water accumulate inside the soil, which will be very dangerous to the plant as well. Alternatively, a lack of water draining through the pot could indicate poorly draining soils, which is detrimental to the health of this plant and should be avoided. If the plant is outside, 1 inch of rain per week will be sufficient.
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How should I water my Carnation at different growth stages?
The water needs of the Carnation can change depending on growth stages as well. For example, when your Carnation is in the first few years of its life, or if you have just transplanted it to a new growing location, you will need to give more water than usual. During both of those stages, your Carnation will put a lot of energy towards sprouting new roots that will then support future growth. For those roots to perform their best, they need a bit more moisture than they would at a more mature phase. After a few seasons, your Carnation will need much less water. Another growth stage in which this plant may need more water is during the bloom period. Flower development can make use of a significant amount of moisture, which is why you might need to give your Carnation more water at this time.
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How should I water my Carnation through the seasons?
The Carnation will have its highest water needs during the hottest months of the year. During the height of summer, you may need to give this plant water more than once per week, depending on how fast the soil dries out. The opposite is true during the winter. In winter, your plant will enter a dormant phase, in which it will need far less water than usual. In fact, you may not need to water this plant at all during the winter months. However, if you do water during winter, you should not do so more than about once per month. Watering too much at this time will make it more likely that your Carnation will contract a disease.
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What's the difference between watering my Carnation indoors and outdoors?
It is most common to grow the Carnation indoors for any gardener that does not live in temperate and tropical regions. Those gardeners should consider the fact that soil in a container can dry out a bit faster than ground soil. Also, the presence of drying elements such as air conditioning units can cause your Carnation to need water on a more frequent basis as well. if you planted it outside. When that is the case, it’s likely you won’t need to water your Carnation very much at all. If you receive rainfall on a regular basis, that may be enough to keep your plant alive. Alternatively, those who grow this plant inside will need to water it more often, as allowing rainwater to soak the soil will not be an option.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail

How to Fertilize Carnation?

To give carnation a strong root system and lush foliage, a diluted organic water-soluble fertilizer can be applied every half month during the season other than winter. An additional application of phosphorus and potassium fertilizer can be made before flowering to promote it to produce more beautiful flowers.

Fertilizer

For those who want to add some color to their garden during the warmer months of the year, the Carnation is the right plant choice for you. Each year, a Carnation will reward your hard garden labor by displaying many colorful, often long-lasting, blooms. However, in order for the blooms of your Carnation to last the longest and look their best, you need to know how to correctly fertilize these plants. Without fertilization, a Carnation may show flowers that are less than stellar and may show a decline in overall health and longevity as well.
Fertilization is important to the Carnation for several general reasons. Mainly, fertilization helps Carnation and other plants by providing key nutrients that help the plant grow both above and below ground. However, the overall fertilization needs for a Carnation are relatively low. At times, a Carnation may survive well without fertilization. However, annual fertilization is can be very beneficial to the Carnation, as it will help keep the plant alive and may also encourage your Carnation to create better flowers that last for longer. As such, those interested in helping their Carnation look its best should keep up with annual fertilization.
The ideal time to fertilize a Carnation is in the late winter to early spring. During that time, your Carnation will be exiting its dormant phase and entering a phase of active growth. Fertilization at this time allows the plant to get off to a great start for the season by encouraging healthy growth. While it is generally most advantageous to fertilize a Carnation during the early spring, it is also permissible to fertilize a Carnation during the fall too. However, summer and winter remain the seasons in which it is not a good idea to feed a Carnation.
Nearly any kind of general-purpose fertilizer with a balanced amount of the three main plant nutrients will work well for a Carnation. However, there are a few specific nutrient blends that can be even more beneficial. For instance, many gardeners follow the belief that higher volumes of phosphorus make for stronger roots and better flowers. Since Carnation is a flowering plant, applying a phosphorus-rich fertilizer may be the best approach. You can use a fertilizer that comes in a granular form or a liquid form as long as there are plenty of nutrients present. Outside of manufactured fertilizers, you can also use more organic means to improve the soil for your Carnation. Mainly, compost, manure, and similar materials can go a long way towards creating a healthy growing medium for your Carnation.
The most common way to fertilize a Carnation is to apply a granular or pellet fertilizer to the soil around your plant. Remember that the ideal time to fertilize is as the plant is exiting its winter dormant growth phase and entering a phase of active growth. In early spring, wait until the plant begins to send shoots through the soil, and then apply your fertilizer. Some people may choose to use a liquid fertilizer instead of a granular one. In that case, you should dilute the fertilizer with water before applying it. Regardless of whether you use granular or liquid fertilizer, it is always best to moisten the soil before, during, and after you apply fertilizer.
As you care for your Carnation, recall that this plant does not need a lot of fertilizer each year and will begin to suffer if it receives too much. Firstly, any overfertilized plant runs the risk of fertilizer burn, a condition in which excessive amounts of fertilizer draw nutrients and moisture out of the plant's roots, causing its decline. Also, overfertilizing a Carnation is also a way of weakening your plant and making disease far more likely. There is also a potential that overfertilization could cause your Carnation to flower less or not at all, which is a significant detriment considering the blooms of this plant are what make it so valuable and sought after by so many gardeners.
You should not fertilize your Carnation during any time of the year except during the late winter and early spring. The low fertilization needs of this plant allow a single annual feeding to suffice. Continuing to fertilize throughout spring, summer, and fall can easily lead to overfertilization and all of the complications that can come with it. The only exception is if you did not fertilize in spring, which means that it is permissible to feed this plant in fall. Along with refraining from fertilizing for most of the growing season, there is also no reason to fertilize this plant during the winter. In winter, the Carnation will be in a dormant growth phase, meaning that it does not put forth new growth. With that being the case, fertilization during most of the winter is not advisable.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail
Why do I need to fertilize my Carnation?
Fertilization is important to the Carnation for several general reasons. Mainly, fertilization helps Carnation and other plants by providing key nutrients that help the plant grow both above and below ground. However, the overall fertilization needs for a Carnation are relatively low.
At times, a Carnation may survive well without fertilization. However, annual fertilization is can be very beneficial to the Carnation, as it will help keep the plant alive and may also encourage your Carnation to create better flowers that last for longer. As such, those interested in helping their Carnation look its best should keep up with annual fertilization.
Read More more
When is the best time to fertilize my Carnation?
The ideal time to fertilize a Carnation is in the late winter to early spring. During that time, your Carnation will be exiting its dormant phase and entering a phase of active growth. Fertilization at this time allows the plant to get off to a great start for the season by encouraging healthy growth.
While it is generally most advantageous to fertilize a Carnation during the early spring, it is also permissible to fertilize a Carnation during the fall too. However, summer and winter remain the seasons in which it is not a good idea to feed a Carnation.
Read More more
When should I avoid fertilizing my Carnation?
You should not fertilize your Carnation during any time of the year except during the late winter and early spring. The low fertilization needs of this plant allow a single annual feeding to suffice. Continuing to fertilize throughout spring, summer, and fall can easily lead to overfertilization and all of the complications that can come with it. The only exception is if you did not fertilize in spring, which means that it is permissible to feed this plant in fall.
Along with refraining from fertilizing for most of the growing season, there is also no reason to fertilize this plant during the winter. In winter, the Carnation will be in a dormant growth phase, meaning that it does not put forth new growth. With that being the case, fertilization during most of the winter is not advisable.
Read More more
What type of fertilizer does my Carnation need?
Nearly any kind of general-purpose fertilizer with a balanced amount of the three main plant nutrients will work well for a Carnation. However, there are a few specific nutrient blends that can be even more beneficial. For instance, many gardeners follow the belief that higher volumes of phosphorus make for stronger roots and better flowers. Since Carnation is a flowering plant, applying a phosphorus-rich fertilizer may be the best approach.
You can use a fertilizer that comes in a granular form or a liquid form as long as there are plenty of nutrients present. Outside of manufactured fertilizers, you can also use more organic means to improve the soil for your Carnation. Mainly, compost, manure, and similar materials can go a long way towards creating a healthy growing medium for your Carnation.
Read More more
How do I fertilize my Carnation?
The most common way to fertilize a Carnation is to apply a granular or pellet fertilizer to the soil around your plant. Remember that the ideal time to fertilize is as the plant is exiting its winter dormant growth phase and entering a phase of active growth. In early spring, wait until the plant begins to send shoots through the soil, and then apply your fertilizer.
Some people may choose to use a liquid fertilizer instead of a granular one. In that case, you should dilute the fertilizer with water before applying it. Regardless of whether you use granular or liquid fertilizer, it is always best to moisten the soil before, during, and after you apply fertilizer.
Read More more
What happens if I fertilize my Carnation too much?
As you care for your Carnation, recall that this plant does not need a lot of fertilizer each year and will begin to suffer if it receives too much. Firstly, any overfertilized plant runs the risk of fertilizer burn, a condition in which excessive amounts of fertilizer draw nutrients and moisture out of the plant's roots, causing its decline.
Also, overfertilizing a Carnation is also a way of weakening your plant and making disease far more likely. There is also a potential that overfertilization could cause your Carnation to flower less or not at all, which is a significant detriment considering the blooms of this plant are what make it so valuable and sought after by so many gardeners.
Read More more
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Cultivation:SunlightDetail

What Are the Sunlight Requirements for Carnation?

Carnation prefers to be planted in either full or partial sun, where it can enjoy at least 6 hours of sunshine each day. They will never flourish to their best ability in shaded areas of the garden.
Cultivation:SunlightDetail
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What type of sunlight does Carnation need?
Carnation needs full sun every day, and these plants rely on a minimum of six hours of sunlight to keep their leaves, roots, and blooms in a healthy state. Even though most perennials need six hours of sunlight a day, plants like the Orange Daylily or Giant Coreopsis could live off less sun for a minimum of three hours daily. Even though these perennial flowering plants can live with only three hours of direct sunlight, they won't be able to thrive like they would in sunnier conditions.
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Can sunlight damage Carnation? How to protect Carnation from the sun and heat damage?
The few Perennial Flowering Plants that don't like excessive heat in warm climates might react poorly to too much sun if they have heat damage. These plants may wilt or dry out from too much sun and may also develop growth issues if they're regularly in the sun during the most intense heat of the day. Some plants don't need protection from the light afternoon sun, but those that are harmed by intense afternoon exposure should be provided some shade in warmer climates. Gardeners could give these plants plenty of shade by planting them in spots that don't receive direct heat during the afternoon, like under trees or behind bushes.
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Should I protect Carnation from sun exposure?
While many perennial plants need plenty of sun to bloom to their fullest extent, some of them benefit from less sun in warmer climates. For example, people who live in hotter climates might want to provide shade for their flowering perennials in the hot afternoon sun, and this is even more true for months in the summer.
Even though some perennial flowering plants will benefit from partially shaded in the hottest climates, plants like the Giant Coreopsis aren't intimidated by too much sun. They might sit outside in the full sun in hot weather and still thrive.
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What will happen if Carnation gets inadequate sunlight?
If you're growing Carnation and you aren't getting enough sunlight, you'll notice signs of inadequate requirements in your plants. Most plants won't produce as many blooms as they would if they had full sun exposure. Some plants will develop dry spots on their leaves, but most of these plants will still bloom in the inadequate sun. Even though they bloom, the flowers will be smaller and less full.
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Does Carnation need special care about sunlight during its different growth stages?
Carnation is great flowers in gardens and will have optimum blooming if it gets six hours of sunlight a day minimum. Sometimes, flowers stay fresh longer if they're partially shaded during the really hot parts of the day. When Carnation is young, gardeners want to ensure their younger plants are getting plenty of sunlight but don't have to endure intense heat during the afternoon sunlight. If you have a fully mature plant, provide it with plenty of sun so it may keep up its growth properly.
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How much light does Carnation need for photosynthesis?
Carnation will need a minimum of six hours of light to best support their photosynthesis cycles. These flowering plants need the sun to help their foliage and blooms grow. However, certain perennial flowering plants like the Giant Coreopsis might need anywhere from eight to twelve hours of full sun a day to maintain their large flowers and healthy foliage.
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How much light should Carnation get per day to grow healthily?
If you want your Carnation to grow healthy and bloom as much as possible during its blooming season, you should try to give your plant six hours of direct sunlight. Some perennial plants might even do more sunlight and could sit in the sun for up to twelve hours, depending on the heat in the area and the general environment. Plants like the Red Hot Poker and Giant Coreopsis thrive in much hotter climates and might sit in all types of strong sunlight.
Some home gardeners have to use grow lights because their spaces don't allow for tons of outdoor sunlight. Most perennials could grow happily in grow lights, but they will need anywhere from eight to fourteen hours of artificial light to stay strong since these lights don't have as much power as the sun.
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Cultivation:PruningDetail

How to Prune Carnation?

Deadheading carnation is the ideal way to prolong the flowering season, saving nutrients for new blooms. This should be done regularly once flowers are wilt. Most varieties respond well to a good pruning after flowering. This encourages new growth and possibly a second bloom later in the season.
Cultivation:PruningDetail
Do I need to prune my Carnation?
Far from damaging the plant, regular pruning will actually encourage Carnation to produce more blooms. There are two primary forms of pruning for Carnation. The first is deadheading, which is the gardening term for removing spent flower heads once they start to wither. This concentrates the nutrients for the other flowers and allows the plant to flower better. The final process for pruning Carnation is the removal of yellow and diseased leaves, which increases plant ventilation and light penetration and facilitates plant growth. When nature runs its course, Carnation will bloom once, produce seed heads, and attempt to reproduce for the rest of the year. But, by consistently removing flower heads before they go to seed, you encourage the plant to continue producing more blooms for a longer flowering time. When the plant starts to wilt during the full, you should cut off the wilted part above the soil as well.
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When is the best time to prune my Carnation?
There are two primary forms of pruning for Carnation. The first is deadheading, which is the gardening term for removing spent flower heads once they start to wither. This concentrates the nutrients for the other flowers and allows the plant to flower better. The final process for pruning Carnation is the removal of yellow and diseased leaves, which increases plant ventilation and light penetration and facilitates plant growth. Since Carnation requires two types of pruning, you’ll be trimming your plants throughout the growing season. Pinching is most effective in the early spring before the plant develops any flower buds. Removal of yellowing or diseased leaves can be done at any time during the growing season. When nature runs its course, Carnation will bloom once, produce seed heads, and attempt to reproduce for the rest of the year. But, by consistently removing flower heads before they go to seed, you encourage the plant to continue producing more blooms for a longer flowering time. Finally, deadheading takes place as soon as the plants are producing full flower heads. Expect to take off spent blossoms from mid-summer through the first frosts of fall. When the plant starts to wilt during the full, you should cut off the wilted part above the soil as well.
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What tools should I prepare for pruning my Carnation?
Carnation doesn’t take much special equipment for pruning. A basic pair of scissors or garden shears should do the trick. It’s a good idea to ensure they are clean before use—you can soak them for thirty minutes in a solution of one part bleach diluted in nine parts water. This reduces the risk of spreading disease lingering on contaminated equipment into your flower garden. Some gardeners avoid using tools altogether and merely pinch off the blossoms with their fingertips. That can be a faster technique, but you run a larger risk of bruising the plant stems or accidentally pulling them out of the ground completely.
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Are there any instructions for pruning my Carnation?
Here’s an overview of pruning instructions for Carnation based on which of the two types you’re completing. By completing these two types of pruning over the lifespan of your Carnation, you’ll encourage them to produce bigger, better flowers for far longer than the plants would otherwise. It only takes a few minutes to complete each step of the pruning process, and you’ll reap the rewards of your efforts for weeks to come. Deadheading Deadheading is a fast, easy way to refresh your garden by removing old flowers and providing space for new ones to take their place. You can use your fingers to pop off old flower heads as soon as they look tired, although you’re less likely to damage the plant if you use shears instead. When deadheading, make sure you cut well below the flower so that you aren’t left with a long, flowerless stem sticking out in your garden bed. Instead, cut the stem to just above the point where the side stem joins the main plant. Remove yellow and diseased leaves, this increases the ventilation and light penetration of the plant and facilitates its growth. When pruning, the leaves need to be trimmed off together with the petiole. It is best to use sterilised scissors to cut them off. Note: It’s a good idea to ensure scissors or garden shears are clean before use—you can soak them for thirty minutes in a solution of one part bleach diluted in nine parts water. This reduces the risk of spreading disease lingering on contaminated equipment into your flower garden.
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Advanced Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail

What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Carnation?

With species native to Europe, Asia, North Africa, and even the arctic regions of North America, it is easy to see why the carnation has become a favorite hardy plant variety. Species such as the 'northern pink' are even ideal for colder climates. Therefore, it is no surprise that most gardeners will be able to find a carnation to suit their climate thanks to their adaptability.
Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail
What is the optimal temperature for Carnation?
The best temperature for Carnation depends on the time of year. There are two primary seasons to discuss for temperature: the growing season, and the dormancy season. During the growing season, once Carnation has begun to sprout, the ideal temperature range should be anywhere from 65~80℉(18~27℃). Any colder than 15℉(-10℃), and the plant will suffer; its leaves may brown and wilt, but if this is a short cold snap, then Carnation may be able to survive with some help.
During the warmer parts of the year, Carnation will need to be similarly protected from temperatures that are too high. 95-105℉ (35-40℃) is the top of this plant’s temperature range, and anything above that will compromise the integrity of the foliage and blooms of Carnation. Hotter temperatures can cause wilting, drooping, and even sunburn on the leaves, which can be difficult for Carnation to recover from. There are quite a few ways to combat this issue that are quick and easy!
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Temperature requirements for first year or seedling Carnation
If this is the first year of your Carnation outside as a new plant, then it may need a little extra tending during the coldest months of the year. Not only can frost more severely damage a first-year Carnation, but it can also prevent it from growing back as a healthy plant come spring. This plant needs to be kept at 40℉(5℃) or above when they’re not yet established, which can be done either by bringing your Carnation inside for a month or two, or putting up mulch or fabric barriers that protect from frost damage.
It’s also a good idea to plant Carnation in a shadier spot during the first year or two, as smaller and weaker plants have a more difficult time maintaining their own temperatures in the heat. First-year Carnation should receive no more than five hours of direct sunlight per day, particularly if the ambient daytime temperature gets above 80℉(27℃). Shadecloth and frequent watering or misting are the keys to summer heat control.
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How can I protect Carnation from extreme temperatures?
If cold temperatures (below 15℉(-10℃)) do occur during the growing season, there are a few measures you can take to help protect Carnation from frost or cold damage. If you’re growing Carnation in a container, then the container can simply be brought inside in bright, indirect light until the temperatures rise up over the lower threshold again. Another option that’s better suited for ground-planted Carnation is to use mulch or horticultural fabric to create an insulated barrier around the plant, which will protect the plant from frost and cold wind.
For temperatures that are hotter than 80℉(27℃) in the shade during the day, be careful to only expose Carnation to six hours or less of sunlight per day, preferably in the morning hours. Putting up shade cloth, or a fine plastic mesh, can help reduce the amount of direct sunlight that hits the plant during the hottest parts of the day. You can also install a misting system that allows for a slow release of cooling mist around the base of the plant during the day to lower ground temperatures.
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Dormant season temperature recommendations for Carnation
During the cold winter months, Carnation needs a certain measure of cold in order to stay in dormancy until it’s time to sprout. Sprouting too early, that is before the danger of the last frost has passed, can be fatal to Carnation, especially if it’s already had a head start when the frost hits. Winter temperatures should ideally stay below 32℉(0℃), but if they get up to 40℉(5℃), everything will be just fine.
An unexpected warm spell during the cold months, which can happen in more temperate climates like woodland rainforests, can trigger a premature sprout from Carnation. In this case, if there’s still imminent danger of frost, you may want to try covering it with clear plastic on stakes so that the cold has less of a chance of damaging the new sprout. This setup can be removed when the danger of frost has passed. Occasionally, Carnation will be able to resprout at the correct time without any help, but this method increases the chances of a successful second sprouting.
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Cultivation:SoilDetail

What Soil is Best for Carnation?

Carnation prefers to be planted in well-drained, fertile soil. A neutral to alkaline pH soil such as chalk or loam is best for growing. The plant's tolerance against drought makes it popular amongst beginner gardeners, as it can survive with minimal effort or strict watering regime.
However, it will not flourish under poor drainage. For this reason, it's best to add extra drainage in the form of horticultural grit or sand to your soil if you are gardening in an area with heavy clay soil or where the water table is particularly high and the soil is likely to become wet and compacted during the winter months.
Cultivation:SoilDetail
Cultivation:PropagationDetail

How to Propagate Carnation?

For anyone planning to multiply their collection, perennial varieties can easily be divided. Alternatively, carnation can also be propagated via tip cuttings or layering.

Propagation

Only sow Carnation seeds in warm weather, preferably during the later weeks of spring after any danger of frost or dropping temperatures has passed. Even in warm climates, ensure the soil is sufficiently warm, as cooler soil can hinder germination and growth. If you want to sow the seeds earlier, you need to do it indoors for successful germination.
To sow Carnation in your growing medium, you don't need many extra tools. Simply put on your gardening gloves and get started!
What you will need:
  • Healthy and full seeds, as the germination rate of such seeds will be higher.
  • Growing medium with potting mix soil, divided into rows.
  • Fertilizer or compost.
  • (Optional) A dibbler or stake.
  • A spray bottle to hydrate the soil.
  • (Optional) A piece of plastic film.
Steps:
  1. Prepare the soil: Mix the soil with organic fertilizer. Fully rotted fertilizer is recommended, and its volume should not exceed one quarter of the soil volume when mixing.
  2. Sow the seeds: Sprinkle the seeds onto the soil and cover them afterwards. Alternatively, use a dibbler or stake to pre-dig holes for the seeds, placing about 3 seeds in each mound. The depth of the soil covering the seeds should be about five times the thickness of the seed.
  3. Space the seeds: Leave a 4-6-inch gap between each seed mound.
  4. Water the soil: After planting, water the soil in the container well to provide enough moisture for the seeds to germinate.
  5. Mulch and maintain: Mulch the surface of the container soil to retain moisture and promote seed germination. Use a spray bottle to moisten the soil when it becomes relatively dry. Continue this until the seeds germinate.
Note: Before seeds germinate, they can be kept in a low-light location. However, after germination, it's important to provide adequate light to the plant to prevent excessive growth.
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Cultivation:PropagationDetail
Cultivation:PlantingDetail

How to Plant Carnation?

Growing carnation is fun and easy. If you decide to grow it from seed, you can do so indoors to ensure blooms early in the season. Kept at an ideal temperature of 16 to 21 ℃, carnation seeds should germinate after 10 days. Once they emerge, they should be placed in a sunny location and allowed to grow 8 to 10 cm before transplanting into larger pots.
Before planting outdoors, ensure your seedlings are hardened off for up to one week by placing the pots in a sheltered outdoor location. Alternatively, you can also sow carnation seeds directly in the garden once there is no risk of frost. If you choose to grow carnation as young plugs or established plants, you can plant them directly in the garden. Carnation prefers well-drained soil, so to avoid water collecting around the plant base, do not plant them too deep.
Whether you choose to grow carnation from seed or as young plants, ensure you position them with enough room to grow. There should be no need to mulch around the plants, but an initial generous watering is required.
Cultivation:PlantingDetail
PlantCare:TransplantSummary

How to Transplant Carnation?

The prime time to transplant carnation is between mid-spring and early summer, when temperatures are mild and consistent. Choose a sunny location with well-draining soil for best growth. Gently loosen the root ball before transplanting, if needed, for a smooth process.
PlantCare:TransplantSummary
Cultivation:PottingSuggestions

How to Repot Carnation?

Potted carnations should be planted in high tubular pots. Needs excellent drainage in pots.
Cultivation:PottingSuggestions
care_scenes

More Info on Carnation Growth and Care

Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Water
Every week
Carnation originates from Mediterranean regions presenting mild, humid conditions throughout the year. This environment, duplicitous with scarce rainfall, necessitates adaptations for limited watering. Thus, carnation prefers well-drained soil and enough hydration without waterlogging. Mimicking this in cultivation, typically, infrequent but deep watering sessions are suitable, ensuring the ground doesn't remain perpetually damp, averting root rot and fostering healthier growth.
Watering Techniques
Lighting
Full sun
Carnation flourishes in areas where it receives a profusion of sunlight each day, although it can adapt to less light-rich environments. At all growth stages, ample sun exposure aids in its healthy development. Native to exposed environments, it can, however, suffer ill effects from too little or too much light.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
0 38 ℃
Carnation is indigenous to temperate regions and prefers a temperature range of 68 to 95 °F (20 to 35 ℃). During colder seasonal changes, ensure to adjust its environment accordingly to mimic its native temperate climate.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Transplant
6-12 inches
The prime time to transplant carnation is between mid-spring and early summer, when temperatures are mild and consistent. Choose a sunny location with well-draining soil for best growth. Gently loosen the root ball before transplanting, if needed, for a smooth process.
Transplant Techniques
flower wilting
Wilting disease severely affects Carnation, primarily causing its leaves to yellow and curl, leading to the plant's overall decline. The disease, which may be seasonal, is known for its significant destructive capacity, necessitating early detection and intervention.
Learn More About the Disease
Brown blotch
Brown spot is a plant disease that significantly affects Carnation, causing lesions and damage to leaves and stems. The disease not only reduces the aesthetic appeal but can also lead to plant death if not promptly managed.
Learn More About the Disease
Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a common disease affecting Carnation, causing yellowing, wilting, and death of foliage. It is caused by fungal pathogens that thrive in wet, humid conditions, potentially resulting in significant plant loss if not controlled properly.
Learn More About the Disease
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a common disease affecting Carnation, causing decaying foliage and potentially leading to plant death. Caused by various pathogens like fungus and bacteria, leaf rot manifests physically on the plant and is most active in moist, warm conditions.
Learn More About the Disease
Toxic
Toxic to Pets
Carnation contains unknown toxic compounds, which can affect animals if the plant material gets ingested. Direct contact with an injured plant may also cause skin irritation.
Toxic Details
Feng shui direction
South
Carnation is believed to attract positive energy and enhance interpersonal relationships, making it a potentially harmonious addition to a space. Its compatibility with a South-facing direction can be attributed to the plant's tendency to strengthen fire element energies and encourage better communication.
Fengshui Details
care_seasonal_tips

Seasonal Care Tips

seasonal-tip

Seasonal Precautions

During the winter season when the ground freezes, carnation may benefit from a light mulch at the base. Rotted down organic material such as leaf mold or wood chippings can be used for this.
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Spring

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Summer

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Fall

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Winter

This plant requires some care in the spring.

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1
Every few years, divide large plants at the roots.
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2
Spring is also the time to sow seeds. Choose a sunny location and cover the seeds with about one inch of soil and water thoroughly.
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3
When new growth begins emerging, an application of all-purpose, balanced fertilizer will provide the necessary nutrients.
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4
Don’t forget to water when the top layer of soil begins drying out.
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5
Ensure the plant is receiving plenty of sunlight during the day.

The leaves on the plant do not thrive in bright sunshine in the summer.

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1
Keep container plants in a shaded area.
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2
Check the soil moisture level and increase watering frequency when rainfall is scarce. The soil may need checking daily to ensure it is not drying out.
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3
Keep an eye out for slugs, and other garden pests, especially if there is mulch around the plant.
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4
Cut back any spent flowers and remove any plant debris from the area.
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5
Continue regular fertilizing to help support fall flowering.

Continue watering and fertilizing your plant as long as it grows during the early fall season.

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1
Once the plants have entered a dormant stage, you can prune them back down to the ground; then, reduce watering.
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2
Use a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer regularly until the colder weather causes the plant to go dormant, then stop fertilizing.
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3
Ensure the plant still has plenty of sun during this time, placing them in locations that have full or partial sunlight.
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4
At the end of fall, after a hard frost, you can sow the seeds for your plant to propagate more plants.

As this plant goes dormant in cold weather, there’s not much care required for this plant. It's best to provide them with cold protection, however.

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1
After cutting back the stems, you can cover the beds with tarp or mulch to add a barrier against the chill winter winds and frost.
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2
Only water indoor or warmer-climate plants once the soil becomes dry to the touch, but for the most part you should leave this plant to itself during this season after providing it some shelter from the cold.
care_pet_and_diseases

Common Pests & Diseases

Common issues for Carnation based on 10 million real cases
flower wilting
flower wilting flower wilting
flower wilting
Wilting disease severely affects Carnation, primarily causing its leaves to yellow and curl, leading to the plant's overall decline. The disease, which may be seasonal, is known for its significant destructive capacity, necessitating early detection and intervention.
Brown blotch
Brown blotch Brown blotch
Brown blotch
Brown spot is a plant disease that significantly affects Carnation, causing lesions and damage to leaves and stems. The disease not only reduces the aesthetic appeal but can also lead to plant death if not promptly managed.
Leaf blight
Leaf blight Leaf blight
Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a common disease affecting Carnation, causing yellowing, wilting, and death of foliage. It is caused by fungal pathogens that thrive in wet, humid conditions, potentially resulting in significant plant loss if not controlled properly.
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a common disease affecting Carnation, causing decaying foliage and potentially leading to plant death. Caused by various pathogens like fungus and bacteria, leaf rot manifests physically on the plant and is most active in moist, warm conditions.
Flower withering
Flower withering Flower withering
Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Solutions: If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible. For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface. In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well. If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
Petal blight
Petal blight Petal blight
Petal blight
Bacterial infections can cause flowers to become soft and rotten.
Solutions: Like other fungal diseases, the progression of petal blight is extremely difficult to stop and impossible to reverse once it infects a plant. The best course of action is to remove all damaged flowers immediately and dispose of them entirely. Do not put them in the compost pile, where spores could grow and spread.
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flower wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is flower wilting Disease on Carnation?
What is flower wilting Disease on Carnation?
Wilting disease severely affects Carnation, primarily causing its leaves to yellow and curl, leading to the plant's overall decline. The disease, which may be seasonal, is known for its significant destructive capacity, necessitating early detection and intervention.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Visible symptoms include shrinking and drying of the plant, accompanied by yellowing and curling of leaves. Stunted growth and lack of blooming are also common, followed by eventual plant death if left untreated.
What Causes flower wilting Disease on Carnation?
What Causes flower wilting Disease on Carnation?
1
Fusarium oxysporum
Fungus inhabits the soil, causing the wilting disease in Carnation when it infests the plant's vascular system.
2
Over-watering
Excess watering can lead to anoxic conditions, promoting fungal growth, contributing to wilting.
3
Deficiency of nutrients
The absence of vital nutrients in the soil can weaken the plant, making it vulnerable to wilting.
How to Treat flower wilting Disease on Carnation?
How to Treat flower wilting Disease on Carnation?
1
Non pesticide
Proper watering: Maintain appropriate watering intervals to prevent excess water as it can trigger fungal growth.

Soil amendment: Include nutrients into the soil that strengthens the plant's immunity and resistance.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide application: Administer fungicides that are effective against Fusarium species. Careful application is essential to prevent resistance.
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Brown blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch Disease on Carnation?
What is Brown blotch Disease on Carnation?
Brown spot is a plant disease that significantly affects Carnation, causing lesions and damage to leaves and stems. The disease not only reduces the aesthetic appeal but can also lead to plant death if not promptly managed.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The key symptoms include the emergence of dark brown spots on leaves, stems, and flowers. They may initially appear as small specks but expand over time. The affected parts may eventually wilt or bleach.
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Carnation?
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Carnation?
1
Bacteria
Caused by the pathogen Pseudomonas syringae, which thrives in wet and humid conditions.
2
Environmental stress
Conditions like nutrient deficiencies, improper watering, or temperature stress can also provoke the disease.
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Carnation?
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Carnation?
1
Non pesticide
Sanitation: Removal and disposal of infected plant parts to curb disease spread.

Air circulation: Providing proper spacing between plants to ensure air circulation, decreasing chances of bacterial proliferation.
2
Pesticide
Copper-based fungicides: Proper application of Copper-based fungicides can help control disease spread and severity.

Bactericides: Use of bactericides can aid in killing the bacteria causing the disease.
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Leaf blight
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf blight Disease on Carnation?
What is Leaf blight Disease on Carnation?
Leaf blight is a common disease affecting Carnation, causing yellowing, wilting, and death of foliage. It is caused by fungal pathogens that thrive in wet, humid conditions, potentially resulting in significant plant loss if not controlled properly.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The primary symptoms of leaf blight in Carnation include the presence of brown to black spots on the leaves, sometimes accompanied by a yellow halo. As the disease progresses, leaves may yellow and wilt, ultimately leading to premature defoliation.
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Carnation?
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Carnation?
1
Damp environment
This disease thrives in moist conditions, propagating faster during rainy seasons or in irrigated gardens.
2
Fungal pathogen
Species like Alternaria, Ascochyta, and Helminthosporium primarily initiate leaf blight. They penetrate plant tissues, causing cell death and disease symptoms.
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Carnation?
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Carnation?
1
Non pesticide
Sanitation: Removal of infected plant parts and debris can significantly limit the spread of the disease.

Proper watering: Avoiding overhead irrigation and watering early in the day can help reduce leaf wetness, thereby decreasing the risk of infection.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide application: Products containing chlorothalonil, copper fungicides, or mancozeb can be effective in controlling leaf blight. Apply as per product instructions.

Systemic treatments: Certain systemic fungicides, such as those containing propiconazole, are absorbed by the plant and can provide extended protection.
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Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Carnation?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Carnation?
Leaf rot is a common disease affecting Carnation, causing decaying foliage and potentially leading to plant death. Caused by various pathogens like fungus and bacteria, leaf rot manifests physically on the plant and is most active in moist, warm conditions.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Carnation's are first afflicted with yellowing leaves that gradually turn brown. The plant's vigor reduces, and the foliage may exhibit soft, rotting spots. As the disease progresses, the leaves may wilt or fall prematurely.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Carnation?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Carnation?
1
Fungus
leaf rot is often caused by several types of fungi which thrive in moist and warm conditions.
2
Bacteria
Certain bacteria, such as Pectobacterium and Dickeya, can trigger leaf rot by invading plant tissues.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Carnation?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Carnation?
1
Non pesticide
Promote good drainage: Poorly drained soils can increase the risk of leaf rot disease. Creating a well-drained growing environment can reduce its likelihood.

Remove infected plants: To prevent spreading, timely removal and disposal of infected plants is necessary.
2
Pesticide
Use fungicides: Suitable fungicides can control the spread of fungal leaf rot.

Apply antibacterial sprays: For bacterial leaf rot, use specific antibacterial sprays.
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Flower withering
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Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Overview
Overview
Flower withering occurs when flowers become weak, droopy, wilted, or faded until they can’t be revived. During withering, they begin to wrinkle and shrink until the flower becomes completely dry or dead.
Any flowers, regardless of the plant type or the climate they are grown in, are susceptible to withering. It is a worldwide problem across houseplants, herbs, flowering ornamentals, trees, shrubs, garden vegetables, and food crops.
Unlike wilting—which withering is often confused with—withering can be caused by different things and is often due to more than a lack of water. Withering can be fatal in severe cases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Flower withering progresses from very mild cases to severe occurrences that kill the flower. The severity of the symptoms is related to the cause and how long the condition is allowed to progress before action is taken.
  • Wilted, droopy flowers
  • Petals and leaves begin to wrinkle
  • Brown papery streaks or spots appear on the petals and leaf tips
  • Flowerhead shrink in size
  • Petal color fades
  • Yellowing leaves
  • Complete death of the flower
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The main causes of flower withering include natural age progress, lack of water, nutritional deficiencies, and bacterial or fungal diseases. It’s critical to determine the underlying cause when flower withering is noticed. This will guide the best course of action, if treatment is possible.
Check the soil for moisture and then closely examine the entire plant for signs of nutrient deficiencies. If neither of those appears to be the cause then cut open the stem below a flower. If a cross-section reveals brown or rust-colored stains it is safe to assume that this is a bacterial or fungal infection.
If the flower is nearing the end of its normal lifespan, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence, or cell aging and death. Cell division stops and the plant begins breaking down resources within the flower to use in other parts of the plant.
In all other cases, flower withering happens when the plant seals off the stem as a defense mechanism, stopping transport within the vascular system. This prevents further water loss through the flowers but also stops bacteria and fungi from moving to healthy parts of the plant. Once water and nutrient transport stops, the flower begins to wither and ultimately die.
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Petal blight
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Petal blight
Bacterial infections can cause flowers to become soft and rotten.
Overview
Overview
Petal blight, sometimes called flower blight, is a fungal disease that only affects the blooms of some ornamental flowering plants. As the infection progresses, it destroys the flower, yet it never damages the vegetative or green parts of the plant.
When flowers are infected, the symptoms look similar to Botrytis blight, but Botrytis also infects dead or dormant vegetative tissue.
The disease was first discovered in Japanese plants in 1919 and in the US in the late 1930s. Presently it is also found in New Zealand, Australia, and parts of Europe. Unfortunately, no plants have high resistance to petal blight, but specific cultivars are more susceptible than others, particularly species with double blooms.
Petal blight infection rates are high when temperatures are mild to warm (optimum temperatures are 15 to 21 ℃) and the weather is misty or rainy.
Overall, petal blight is an aesthetic problem that ruins blossoms. The disease is not harmful to the long-term health of the plant.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The severity of the symptoms varies, depending upon the species of plant infected. Signs of petal blight are commonly seen on the blooms just after they open.
  • Pallid spots on colored petals.
  • Brown spots on white petals.
  • Browning around the petal edges.
  • Small spots look water-soaked.
  • Spots rapidly enlarge and merge.
  • Flowers become limp.
  • The entire flower turns light brown, but does not crumble.
  • Flowers become slimy at first and then take on a leathery texture.
  • A ring of white or gray mycelium can be seen at the base of the petals.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Petal blight is caused by several different fungi, with each type infecting specific plants. Ovulinia azalea infects azaleas species and cultivars, and rhododendrons. Ciborinia camelliae infects camellia cultivars.
Shortly after blooming, the fungus infects the base of the flowers by the calyx. The fungus produces cell wall-degrading enzymes that destroy flowers within a couple of days. When the flowers fall to the ground, the fungus' hard fruiting bodies fall to the soil as well, overwintering until the following spring.
When temperatures hit the optimum range the following season, spores are transmitted by insects or can spread on wind currents up to about 12 miles. Once in the soil, the pathogen can be active for three to five years.
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care_toxicity

Carnation and Their Toxicity

Toxic to Dogs
Toxic to Dogs
Ingestion of any part of the carnation plant can cause a mild reaction in your dog, typically diarrhea and possibly redness in mucous membranes. Intensity of the symptoms depend on how much the dog ingests. Keep these common flowers away from your pets.
Toxic to Cats
Toxic to Cats
Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) is mildly toxic to cats on account of poisonous compounds in the stems, leaves, and flower petals. While ingestion may cause diarrhea and gastro-intestinal discomfort, no fatalities have been reported as having resulted from its ingestion. However, poisonings should always be taken seriously, and veterinary care should be sought if symptoms do not relent.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Your pets like cats and dogs can be poisoned by them as well!
1
Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
It’s better to kill those growing around your house. Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages, and do not let your pets reach it;Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
7
If you take your pets to hike with you in the wild, please don’t let them eat any plants that you don’t know;
8
Once your pets eat, touch or inhale anything from toxic plants and act abnormally, please call the doctors for help ASAP!
pets
Pets
Some pets are less likely than children to eat and touch just about everything. This is good, as a pet owner. However, you know your pet best, and it is up to you to keep them safe. There are plenty of poisonous weeds that can grow within the confines of your lawn, which might make your dogs or cats ill or worse if they eat them. Try to have an idea of what toxic plants grow in your area and keep them under control and your pets away from them.
pets
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Everyone should keep the following in mind to prevent being poisoned:
1
Do not eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
If you need to kill it, wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages;
7
Wear properly when you hiking or working in the wilderness. Long pants, long sleeves, gloves, hiking shoes, etc., that protect you from being hurt by any plants;
8
Once you or your family aren’t feeling well after eating, touching or inhaling anything from toxic plants, please call your doctor for help ASAP!
Outdoor Workers
Outdoor Workers and Recreationalists
Those who enjoy the outdoors either as a hobby or as part of their work will rarely see a plant and decide to munch on it (although the scenario is not unheard of). However, they do tend to deal with moving through and brushing aside plants. These people are more at risk of being poisoned by touching toxic plants than by ingesting them.
Outdoor Workers
Foragers
Foragers
Foraging for food and medicinal plants is a desirable skill among people who want to feel at one with the land. This hobby can be very useful and enjoyable, but if done wrong , it can lead to disastrous effects. People who forage are picking and grabbing plants with the full intention of using those plants, most of the time to ingest them.
Foragers
Children
Children
While outdoor workers are more likely to touch poison and foragers are more likely to ingest poison, children can easily do both. These bundles of joy just love to run around and explore the world. They enjoy touching things and occasionally shoving random stuff in their mouth; this is a terrible combination with toxic plants in the mix.
If you let your children run about, it is important to know what are the local toxic plants that they could accidentally get into. Try to educate the children and steer them away from where the toxic plants are located.
Children
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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More About Carnation

Plant Type
Plant Type
Herb
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial, Annual
Spread
Spread
15 to 30 cm
Bloom Time
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer
Flower Color
Flower Color
Pink
White
Purple
Yellow
Leaf Color
Leaf Color
Green
Blue
Gray
Flower Size
Flower Size
3 to 6 cm
Plant Height
Plant Height
40 to 90 cm

Name story

Carnation
Some scholars believe that the name "carnation" comes from "coronation" or "corone" which refers to the flower garlands, as it was one of the flowers used in Greek ceremonial crowns. Others think the name stems from the latin "caro" or "carnis" in genitive level which refers to the original colour of the flower. Others believe it comes from incarnatio which refers to the incarnation of God.

Usages

Artistic Value
The carnation is the Mother's Day flower and is often printed on stamps.
Beauty Improvement Value
Carnation tea is suitable for mixing with sea lavender, violet, rose tea and wintersweet for a beautifying effect.
Garden Use
Carnation is a herbaceous flowering perennial that is commonly found in gardens. It is prized for its aroma, hardiness, and aesthetic appeal. It is suitable for borders and beds. It is frequently used for cut flowers. Carnation is essential for Cottage gardens. Plant with other carnation cultivars, Moonshine, or Mexican Feather Grass to make color and texture contrasts.
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Common Problems

Why is my carnation not flowering?

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Carnation thrives in full sun and well-drained soil. If plants are placed under the shade of a building or big trees, or planted in pots and placed indoors, they will not flourish and possibly may not flower. If your plant isn't flowering, try moving it to an open field where it can receive full days of sunlight. Soil drainage also affects flowering. If the drainage is poor, carnation will not flower. If this is the case, add extra drainage in the form of horticultural grit or sand to your soil when planting.

Why is my carnation falling over?

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When planted in shady places, carnation’s growing pattern changes. The leaves and stem elongate, and the cell walls in stems and leaves weaken. In severely insufficient light, the whole plant undergoes chlorosis, showing a pale, yellowish-white coloration. This means the plant is tall but weak, and when facing a strong wind it will be prone to falling over. plant carnation in open fields with full sun to prevent it from falling over later in life. If the plant already shows an elongated growth, try to move it out of the shade and use a stick to support it as it regrows its strength.
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Caring for a New Plant

new-plant
The following pictures and instructions for flower plant are aimed to help your plants adapt and thrive in a new environment.
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1
Picking a Healthy Flower Plant
check-health

Check Its Health

part-image-bg part-image
Whole Plant
Symmetrical crown, evenly distributed branches, full and compact shape, no excessive growth, close internodes, and uniform leaf size.
part-image-bg part-image
Flowers
Many unopened flower buds are closely attached, without falling off easily when shaken, and show no diseased spots or wilting on the petals.
part-image-bg part-image
Branches
The branches are not withered, and the trunk is free of boreholes or damage.
part-image-bg part-image
Stems
No mold, browning or soft rot at the base of the plant.
part-image-bg part-image
Leaves
Check the inside of the plant, shaded and overlapping areas, back of leaves. Even colour, no yellowing, no brown spots, no crawling insects, no cobwebs, no deformities, no wilting.
health-trouble

Health Troubleshooting

Whole Plant
trouble-image
more 1 Asymmetrical crown or missing, uneven branching: prune the weak and slender branches of the larger portion of the asymmetrical crown, then trim the overgrown larger branches.
trouble-image
more 2 Internodes are longer in the upper part, leaves are sparse and smaller on top: increase light intensity or duration.
Branches
trouble-image
more 1 Dry branches: check if the branch is still alive by peeling back a small section of bark and trim away any dry branches. Watch out for signs of insect infestation inside the branch.
trouble-image
more 2 Bark with holes: inject insecticide into the holes and apply systemic insecticide to the roots.
trouble-image
more 3 Damaged bark: brush on a wound-healing agent, and avoid getting it wet.
Stems
trouble-image
Mildew, browning, or soft rot at the base: place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment and water with fungicide.
Flowers
trouble-image
more 1 Many flowers have already bloomed: lower the temperature in the environment to extend the flowering period. Prune any dying flowers in a timely manner to prevent nutrient depletion.
trouble-image
more 2 Flower bud dropping: keep temperature at 15-25℃, place in bright but shaded area, water frequently, and avoid fertilizing.
trouble-image
more 3 Flower petals have spots or disease: avoid spraying water directly onto the petals.
trouble-image
more 4 Flower wilting: avoid soil that is too wet or too dry. When touching the soil with your finger, it should feel moist but not leave any water traces on your finger.
Leaves
trouble-image
more 1 Uneven leaf color and yellowing: prune yellow leaves and check if there are signs of rot at the base of the plant. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
trouble-image
more 2 Brown spots or small yellow spots: place the plant in a ventilated area and avoid watering the leaves. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
trouble-image
more 3 Tiny crawling insects on the back of leaves or spider webs between leaves: increase light exposure and spray with insecticide for severe cases.
trouble-image
more 4 Deformations or missing parts on leaves: determine if it's physical damage or pest infestation. Linear or tearing damage is physical, while the rest are pests. Spray with insecticide.
trouble-image
more 5 Wilting leaves: provide partial shade and avoid excessive sun exposure. Remove 1/3 to 1/2 of the leaves for severe cases.
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Check Its Growing Conditions

check
Soil Check
Soil should smell fresh like after a rain and no musty odor.
check
Light Check
Check the light requirement of the plant and if it match with planting location.
check
Ventilation Check
Ensure good ventilation.
check
Temperature Check
Ensure outdoor temperature is suitable for plants.
condition-trouble

Condition Troubleshooting

check
Soil
Potting mix soil, Peat moss mix soil
Soil smells musty or foul: check the root system for decay, place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment, and water with fungicide.
check
Ideal Temperature
-10℃ to 35℃
Temperature is too low: Temporarily move the plants indoors and then to outdoors when temperature is suitable.
check
Ventilation
Well Ventilated
Non-ventilated environment: can lead to root rot, diseases, and flower drop. Place the plants in an airy location avoiding dead spots.
check
Suitable Light
Full sun, Partial sun
Insufficient light: reduce light appropriately during flowering period but not a fully shaded environment. After flowering, move to normal cultivation environment. For plants with long flowering and fruiting periods, provide normal light to avoid shortening.
Transplant recovery: After transplanting, pot plants should be temporarily shaded, then moved to normal light after a week if no abnormal drop or wilting. In-ground plants, shade for a week and then transfer to normal light or just pay attention to watering.
more
2
Adapting Your New Flower Plant
Step 1
condition-image
Repotting
Potted plants - Wait until flowering stage is over before changing pots. In-ground plants - Plant directly taking care not to harm root system or remove soil.
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Step 2
condition-image
Pruning
Prune residual flowers, yellow/dead leaves. No other pruning at this time.
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Step 3
condition-image
Watering
Water appropriately. Water more frequently for newly transplanted or purchased plants to keep the soil consistently moist for at least 2 weeks. Avoid overwatering, do not water when there is water on your finger after touching the soil. Both underwatering and overwatering can cause plants to drop their flowers or fruit.
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Step 4
condition-image
Fertilizing
Don't fertilize just after purchase. Fertilize after 2 weeks using half concentration.
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main-image
Carnation
label-image
Repotting
Repotting potted plants: Wait until flowering ends. Repotting in-ground plants: Be careful not to harm roots/soil.
label-image
Pruning
Prune residual flowers, and yellow/dead leaves. No other pruning at this time.
label-image
Watering
Water new plants more often for 2 weeks. Avoid over/under watering by checking the soil.
label-image
Fertilizing
Don't fertilize just after purchase. Fertilize after 2 weeks using half concentration.
label-image
Sunlight
Long flowering plants need normal light. Shade transplants for a week, then move to normal light.
label
main-image
Carnation
label-image
Repotting
Repotting potted plants: Wait until flowering ends. Repotting in-ground plants: Be careful not to harm roots/soil.
label-image
Pruning
Prune residual flowers, and yellow/dead leaves. No other pruning at this time.
label-image
Watering
Water new plants more often for 2 weeks. Avoid over/under watering by checking the soil.
label-image
Fertilizing
Don't fertilize just after purchase. Fertilize after 2 weeks using half concentration.
label-image
Sunlight
Long flowering plants need normal light. Shade transplants for a week, then move to normal light.
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Carnation
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Carnation
Carnation
Carnation

How to Care for Carnation

Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) is a herbaceous ornamental perennial known for its fragrant, distinctive flowers. Wild varieties of this species can be found in the Mediterranean. Carnation has rich symbolism, both in the traditional and religious sense. Its symbolic representations can be found in numerous cultures, from North America to the far East.
symbolism

Symbolism

Maternal love, remembrance
Water
Every week
Water Water detail
Sunlight
Full sun
Sunlight Sunlight detail
Toxic to Pets
care_basic_guide

Basic Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterDetail

How to Water Carnation?

Cultivation:WaterDetail
Carnation is drought tolerant and not flood tolerant, so care needs to be taken to avoid waterlogged soil or watering too often, or it will easily lead to root rot. When the plant's soil feels dry to the touch, add water to the soil until it is totally wet. During winter carnation grows slowly, and watering can be reduced accordingly. Water once every 3-4 weeks until growth returns in the spring.
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What is the best way to water my Carnation?
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How much water does my Carnation need?
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail

How to Fertilize Carnation?

Cultivation:FertilizerDetail
To give carnation a strong root system and lush foliage, a diluted organic water-soluble fertilizer can be applied every half month during the season other than winter. An additional application of phosphorus and potassium fertilizer can be made before flowering to promote it to produce more beautiful flowers.
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Fertilizer

For those who want to add some color to their garden during the warmer months of the year, the Carnation is the right plant choice for you. Each year, a Carnation will reward your hard garden labor by displaying many colorful, often long-lasting, blooms. However, in order for the blooms of your Carnation to last the longest and look their best, you need to know how to correctly fertilize these plants. Without fertilization, a Carnation may show flowers that are less than stellar and may show a decline in overall health and longevity as well.
Fertilization is important to the Carnation for several general reasons. Mainly, fertilization helps Carnation and other plants by providing key nutrients that help the plant grow both above and below ground. However, the overall fertilization needs for a Carnation are relatively low. At times, a Carnation may survive well without fertilization. However, annual fertilization is can be very beneficial to the Carnation, as it will help keep the plant alive and may also encourage your Carnation to create better flowers that last for longer. As such, those interested in helping their Carnation look its best should keep up with annual fertilization.
The ideal time to fertilize a Carnation is in the late winter to early spring. During that time, your Carnation will be exiting its dormant phase and entering a phase of active growth. Fertilization at this time allows the plant to get off to a great start for the season by encouraging healthy growth. While it is generally most advantageous to fertilize a Carnation during the early spring, it is also permissible to fertilize a Carnation during the fall too. However, summer and winter remain the seasons in which it is not a good idea to feed a Carnation.
Nearly any kind of general-purpose fertilizer with a balanced amount of the three main plant nutrients will work well for a Carnation. However, there are a few specific nutrient blends that can be even more beneficial. For instance, many gardeners follow the belief that higher volumes of phosphorus make for stronger roots and better flowers. Since Carnation is a flowering plant, applying a phosphorus-rich fertilizer may be the best approach. You can use a fertilizer that comes in a granular form or a liquid form as long as there are plenty of nutrients present. Outside of manufactured fertilizers, you can also use more organic means to improve the soil for your Carnation. Mainly, compost, manure, and similar materials can go a long way towards creating a healthy growing medium for your Carnation.
The most common way to fertilize a Carnation is to apply a granular or pellet fertilizer to the soil around your plant. Remember that the ideal time to fertilize is as the plant is exiting its winter dormant growth phase and entering a phase of active growth. In early spring, wait until the plant begins to send shoots through the soil, and then apply your fertilizer. Some people may choose to use a liquid fertilizer instead of a granular one. In that case, you should dilute the fertilizer with water before applying it. Regardless of whether you use granular or liquid fertilizer, it is always best to moisten the soil before, during, and after you apply fertilizer.
As you care for your Carnation, recall that this plant does not need a lot of fertilizer each year and will begin to suffer if it receives too much. Firstly, any overfertilized plant runs the risk of fertilizer burn, a condition in which excessive amounts of fertilizer draw nutrients and moisture out of the plant's roots, causing its decline. Also, overfertilizing a Carnation is also a way of weakening your plant and making disease far more likely. There is also a potential that overfertilization could cause your Carnation to flower less or not at all, which is a significant detriment considering the blooms of this plant are what make it so valuable and sought after by so many gardeners.
You should not fertilize your Carnation during any time of the year except during the late winter and early spring. The low fertilization needs of this plant allow a single annual feeding to suffice. Continuing to fertilize throughout spring, summer, and fall can easily lead to overfertilization and all of the complications that can come with it. The only exception is if you did not fertilize in spring, which means that it is permissible to feed this plant in fall. Along with refraining from fertilizing for most of the growing season, there is also no reason to fertilize this plant during the winter. In winter, the Carnation will be in a dormant growth phase, meaning that it does not put forth new growth. With that being the case, fertilization during most of the winter is not advisable.
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Why do I need to fertilize my Carnation?
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When is the best time to fertilize my Carnation?
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Cultivation:SunlightDetail

What Are the Sunlight Requirements for Carnation?

Cultivation:SunlightDetail
Carnation prefers to be planted in either full or partial sun, where it can enjoy at least 6 hours of sunshine each day. They will never flourish to their best ability in shaded areas of the garden.
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Can sunlight damage Carnation? How to protect Carnation from the sun and heat damage?
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What will happen if Carnation gets inadequate sunlight?
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Cultivation:PruningDetail

How to Prune Carnation?

Cultivation:PruningDetail
Deadheading carnation is the ideal way to prolong the flowering season, saving nutrients for new blooms. This should be done regularly once flowers are wilt. Most varieties respond well to a good pruning after flowering. This encourages new growth and possibly a second bloom later in the season.
Do I need to prune my Carnation?
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Advanced Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail

What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Carnation?

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail
With species native to Europe, Asia, North Africa, and even the arctic regions of North America, it is easy to see why the carnation has become a favorite hardy plant variety. Species such as the 'northern pink' are even ideal for colder climates. Therefore, it is no surprise that most gardeners will be able to find a carnation to suit their climate thanks to their adaptability.
What is the optimal temperature for Carnation?
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Temperature requirements for first year or seedling Carnation
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How can I protect Carnation from extreme temperatures?
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Dormant season temperature recommendations for Carnation
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Cultivation:SoilDetail

What Soil is Best for Carnation?

Cultivation:SoilDetail
Carnation prefers to be planted in well-drained, fertile soil. A neutral to alkaline pH soil such as chalk or loam is best for growing. The plant's tolerance against drought makes it popular amongst beginner gardeners, as it can survive with minimal effort or strict watering regime.
However, it will not flourish under poor drainage. For this reason, it's best to add extra drainage in the form of horticultural grit or sand to your soil if you are gardening in an area with heavy clay soil or where the water table is particularly high and the soil is likely to become wet and compacted during the winter months.
Cultivation:PropagationDetail

How to Propagate Carnation?

Cultivation:PropagationDetail
For anyone planning to multiply their collection, perennial varieties can easily be divided. Alternatively, carnation can also be propagated via tip cuttings or layering.
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Propagation

Only sow Carnation seeds in warm weather, preferably during the later weeks of spring after any danger of frost or dropping temperatures has passed. Even in warm climates, ensure the soil is sufficiently warm, as cooler soil can hinder germination and growth. If you want to sow the seeds earlier, you need to do it indoors for successful germination.
To sow Carnation in your growing medium, you don't need many extra tools. Simply put on your gardening gloves and get started!
What you will need:
  • Healthy and full seeds, as the germination rate of such seeds will be higher.
  • Growing medium with potting mix soil, divided into rows.
  • Fertilizer or compost.
  • (Optional) A dibbler or stake.
  • A spray bottle to hydrate the soil.
  • (Optional) A piece of plastic film.
Steps:
  1. Prepare the soil: Mix the soil with organic fertilizer. Fully rotted fertilizer is recommended, and its volume should not exceed one quarter of the soil volume when mixing.
  2. Sow the seeds: Sprinkle the seeds onto the soil and cover them afterwards. Alternatively, use a dibbler or stake to pre-dig holes for the seeds, placing about 3 seeds in each mound. The depth of the soil covering the seeds should be about five times the thickness of the seed.
  3. Space the seeds: Leave a 4-6-inch gap between each seed mound.
  4. Water the soil: After planting, water the soil in the container well to provide enough moisture for the seeds to germinate.
  5. Mulch and maintain: Mulch the surface of the container soil to retain moisture and promote seed germination. Use a spray bottle to moisten the soil when it becomes relatively dry. Continue this until the seeds germinate.
Note: Before seeds germinate, they can be kept in a low-light location. However, after germination, it's important to provide adequate light to the plant to prevent excessive growth.
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Cultivation:PlantingDetail

How to Plant Carnation?

Cultivation:PlantingDetail
Growing carnation is fun and easy. If you decide to grow it from seed, you can do so indoors to ensure blooms early in the season. Kept at an ideal temperature of 16 to 21 ℃, carnation seeds should germinate after 10 days. Once they emerge, they should be placed in a sunny location and allowed to grow 8 to 10 cm before transplanting into larger pots.
Before planting outdoors, ensure your seedlings are hardened off for up to one week by placing the pots in a sheltered outdoor location. Alternatively, you can also sow carnation seeds directly in the garden once there is no risk of frost. If you choose to grow carnation as young plugs or established plants, you can plant them directly in the garden. Carnation prefers well-drained soil, so to avoid water collecting around the plant base, do not plant them too deep.
Whether you choose to grow carnation from seed or as young plants, ensure you position them with enough room to grow. There should be no need to mulch around the plants, but an initial generous watering is required.
PlantCare:TransplantSummary

How to Transplant Carnation?

PlantCare:TransplantSummary
The prime time to transplant carnation is between mid-spring and early summer, when temperatures are mild and consistent. Choose a sunny location with well-draining soil for best growth. Gently loosen the root ball before transplanting, if needed, for a smooth process.
Cultivation:PottingSuggestions

How to Repot Carnation?

Cultivation:PottingSuggestions
Potted carnations should be planted in high tubular pots. Needs excellent drainage in pots.
care_seasonal_tips

Seasonal Care Tips

seasonal-tip

Seasonal Precautions

During the winter season when the ground freezes, carnation may benefit from a light mulch at the base. Rotted down organic material such as leaf mold or wood chippings can be used for this.
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Spring

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Summer

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Fall

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Winter

This plant requires some care in the spring.

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1
Every few years, divide large plants at the roots.
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2
Spring is also the time to sow seeds. Choose a sunny location and cover the seeds with about one inch of soil and water thoroughly.
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3
When new growth begins emerging, an application of all-purpose, balanced fertilizer will provide the necessary nutrients.
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4
Don’t forget to water when the top layer of soil begins drying out.
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5
Ensure the plant is receiving plenty of sunlight during the day.

The leaves on the plant do not thrive in bright sunshine in the summer.

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1
Keep container plants in a shaded area.
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2
Check the soil moisture level and increase watering frequency when rainfall is scarce. The soil may need checking daily to ensure it is not drying out.
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3
Keep an eye out for slugs, and other garden pests, especially if there is mulch around the plant.
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4
Cut back any spent flowers and remove any plant debris from the area.
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5
Continue regular fertilizing to help support fall flowering.

Continue watering and fertilizing your plant as long as it grows during the early fall season.

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1
Once the plants have entered a dormant stage, you can prune them back down to the ground; then, reduce watering.
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2
Use a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer regularly until the colder weather causes the plant to go dormant, then stop fertilizing.
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3
Ensure the plant still has plenty of sun during this time, placing them in locations that have full or partial sunlight.
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4
At the end of fall, after a hard frost, you can sow the seeds for your plant to propagate more plants.

As this plant goes dormant in cold weather, there’s not much care required for this plant. It's best to provide them with cold protection, however.

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1
After cutting back the stems, you can cover the beds with tarp or mulch to add a barrier against the chill winter winds and frost.
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2
Only water indoor or warmer-climate plants once the soil becomes dry to the touch, but for the most part you should leave this plant to itself during this season after providing it some shelter from the cold.
care_pet_and_diseases

Common Pests & Diseases

Common issues for Carnation based on 10 million real cases
flower wilting
flower wilting flower wilting flower wilting
Wilting disease severely affects Carnation, primarily causing its leaves to yellow and curl, leading to the plant's overall decline. The disease, which may be seasonal, is known for its significant destructive capacity, necessitating early detection and intervention.
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Brown blotch
Brown blotch Brown blotch Brown blotch
Brown spot is a plant disease that significantly affects Carnation, causing lesions and damage to leaves and stems. The disease not only reduces the aesthetic appeal but can also lead to plant death if not promptly managed.
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Leaf blight
Leaf blight Leaf blight Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a common disease affecting Carnation, causing yellowing, wilting, and death of foliage. It is caused by fungal pathogens that thrive in wet, humid conditions, potentially resulting in significant plant loss if not controlled properly.
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Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a common disease affecting Carnation, causing decaying foliage and potentially leading to plant death. Caused by various pathogens like fungus and bacteria, leaf rot manifests physically on the plant and is most active in moist, warm conditions.
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Flower withering
Flower withering Flower withering Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Solutions: If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible. For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface. In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well. If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
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Petal blight
Petal blight Petal blight Petal blight
Bacterial infections can cause flowers to become soft and rotten.
Solutions: Like other fungal diseases, the progression of petal blight is extremely difficult to stop and impossible to reverse once it infects a plant. The best course of action is to remove all damaged flowers immediately and dispose of them entirely. Do not put them in the compost pile, where spores could grow and spread.
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flower wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is flower wilting Disease on Carnation?
What is flower wilting Disease on Carnation?
Wilting disease severely affects Carnation, primarily causing its leaves to yellow and curl, leading to the plant's overall decline. The disease, which may be seasonal, is known for its significant destructive capacity, necessitating early detection and intervention.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Visible symptoms include shrinking and drying of the plant, accompanied by yellowing and curling of leaves. Stunted growth and lack of blooming are also common, followed by eventual plant death if left untreated.
What Causes flower wilting Disease on Carnation?
What Causes flower wilting Disease on Carnation?
1
Fusarium oxysporum
Fungus inhabits the soil, causing the wilting disease in Carnation when it infests the plant's vascular system.
2
Over-watering
Excess watering can lead to anoxic conditions, promoting fungal growth, contributing to wilting.
3
Deficiency of nutrients
The absence of vital nutrients in the soil can weaken the plant, making it vulnerable to wilting.
How to Treat flower wilting Disease on Carnation?
How to Treat flower wilting Disease on Carnation?
1
Non pesticide
Proper watering: Maintain appropriate watering intervals to prevent excess water as it can trigger fungal growth.

Soil amendment: Include nutrients into the soil that strengthens the plant's immunity and resistance.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide application: Administer fungicides that are effective against Fusarium species. Careful application is essential to prevent resistance.
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Brown blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch Disease on Carnation?
What is Brown blotch Disease on Carnation?
Brown spot is a plant disease that significantly affects Carnation, causing lesions and damage to leaves and stems. The disease not only reduces the aesthetic appeal but can also lead to plant death if not promptly managed.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The key symptoms include the emergence of dark brown spots on leaves, stems, and flowers. They may initially appear as small specks but expand over time. The affected parts may eventually wilt or bleach.
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Carnation?
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Carnation?
1
Bacteria
Caused by the pathogen Pseudomonas syringae, which thrives in wet and humid conditions.
2
Environmental stress
Conditions like nutrient deficiencies, improper watering, or temperature stress can also provoke the disease.
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Carnation?
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Carnation?
1
Non pesticide
Sanitation: Removal and disposal of infected plant parts to curb disease spread.

Air circulation: Providing proper spacing between plants to ensure air circulation, decreasing chances of bacterial proliferation.
2
Pesticide
Copper-based fungicides: Proper application of Copper-based fungicides can help control disease spread and severity.

Bactericides: Use of bactericides can aid in killing the bacteria causing the disease.
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Leaf blight
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf blight Disease on Carnation?
What is Leaf blight Disease on Carnation?
Leaf blight is a common disease affecting Carnation, causing yellowing, wilting, and death of foliage. It is caused by fungal pathogens that thrive in wet, humid conditions, potentially resulting in significant plant loss if not controlled properly.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The primary symptoms of leaf blight in Carnation include the presence of brown to black spots on the leaves, sometimes accompanied by a yellow halo. As the disease progresses, leaves may yellow and wilt, ultimately leading to premature defoliation.
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Carnation?
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Carnation?
1
Damp environment
This disease thrives in moist conditions, propagating faster during rainy seasons or in irrigated gardens.
2
Fungal pathogen
Species like Alternaria, Ascochyta, and Helminthosporium primarily initiate leaf blight. They penetrate plant tissues, causing cell death and disease symptoms.
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Carnation?
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Carnation?
1
Non pesticide
Sanitation: Removal of infected plant parts and debris can significantly limit the spread of the disease.

Proper watering: Avoiding overhead irrigation and watering early in the day can help reduce leaf wetness, thereby decreasing the risk of infection.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide application: Products containing chlorothalonil, copper fungicides, or mancozeb can be effective in controlling leaf blight. Apply as per product instructions.

Systemic treatments: Certain systemic fungicides, such as those containing propiconazole, are absorbed by the plant and can provide extended protection.
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Leaf rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf rot Disease on Carnation?
What is Leaf rot Disease on Carnation?
Leaf rot is a common disease affecting Carnation, causing decaying foliage and potentially leading to plant death. Caused by various pathogens like fungus and bacteria, leaf rot manifests physically on the plant and is most active in moist, warm conditions.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Carnation's are first afflicted with yellowing leaves that gradually turn brown. The plant's vigor reduces, and the foliage may exhibit soft, rotting spots. As the disease progresses, the leaves may wilt or fall prematurely.
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Carnation?
What Causes Leaf rot Disease on Carnation?
1
Fungus
leaf rot is often caused by several types of fungi which thrive in moist and warm conditions.
2
Bacteria
Certain bacteria, such as Pectobacterium and Dickeya, can trigger leaf rot by invading plant tissues.
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Carnation?
How to Treat Leaf rot Disease on Carnation?
1
Non pesticide
Promote good drainage: Poorly drained soils can increase the risk of leaf rot disease. Creating a well-drained growing environment can reduce its likelihood.

Remove infected plants: To prevent spreading, timely removal and disposal of infected plants is necessary.
2
Pesticide
Use fungicides: Suitable fungicides can control the spread of fungal leaf rot.

Apply antibacterial sprays: For bacterial leaf rot, use specific antibacterial sprays.
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Flower withering
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Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Overview
Overview
Flower withering occurs when flowers become weak, droopy, wilted, or faded until they can’t be revived. During withering, they begin to wrinkle and shrink until the flower becomes completely dry or dead.
Any flowers, regardless of the plant type or the climate they are grown in, are susceptible to withering. It is a worldwide problem across houseplants, herbs, flowering ornamentals, trees, shrubs, garden vegetables, and food crops.
Unlike wilting—which withering is often confused with—withering can be caused by different things and is often due to more than a lack of water. Withering can be fatal in severe cases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Flower withering progresses from very mild cases to severe occurrences that kill the flower. The severity of the symptoms is related to the cause and how long the condition is allowed to progress before action is taken.
  • Wilted, droopy flowers
  • Petals and leaves begin to wrinkle
  • Brown papery streaks or spots appear on the petals and leaf tips
  • Flowerhead shrink in size
  • Petal color fades
  • Yellowing leaves
  • Complete death of the flower
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The main causes of flower withering include natural age progress, lack of water, nutritional deficiencies, and bacterial or fungal diseases. It’s critical to determine the underlying cause when flower withering is noticed. This will guide the best course of action, if treatment is possible.
Check the soil for moisture and then closely examine the entire plant for signs of nutrient deficiencies. If neither of those appears to be the cause then cut open the stem below a flower. If a cross-section reveals brown or rust-colored stains it is safe to assume that this is a bacterial or fungal infection.
If the flower is nearing the end of its normal lifespan, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence, or cell aging and death. Cell division stops and the plant begins breaking down resources within the flower to use in other parts of the plant.
In all other cases, flower withering happens when the plant seals off the stem as a defense mechanism, stopping transport within the vascular system. This prevents further water loss through the flowers but also stops bacteria and fungi from moving to healthy parts of the plant. Once water and nutrient transport stops, the flower begins to wither and ultimately die.
Solutions
Solutions
If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface.
In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well.
If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
Prevention
Prevention
This is definitely one of those instances where prevention is more effective than cure. Here are some preventative measures for avoiding premature flower withering.
  • Water plants according to their needs -- either keep the soil slightly moist or allow the top inch or two to dry out before watering again.
  • Fertilize lightly on a consistent basis, depending upon the plant’s growth. Quick-growing plants and those that flower or develop fruit will need more frequent fertilizing than slow-growing plants.
  • Purchase plants that are certified disease- or pathogen-free.
  • Look for disease-resistant cultivars.
  • Isolate plants showing disease symptoms to prevent the spread to neighboring plants.
  • Practice good plant hygiene by removing any fallen plant material as soon as possible.
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Petal blight
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Petal blight
Bacterial infections can cause flowers to become soft and rotten.
Overview
Overview
Petal blight, sometimes called flower blight, is a fungal disease that only affects the blooms of some ornamental flowering plants. As the infection progresses, it destroys the flower, yet it never damages the vegetative or green parts of the plant.
When flowers are infected, the symptoms look similar to Botrytis blight, but Botrytis also infects dead or dormant vegetative tissue.
The disease was first discovered in Japanese plants in 1919 and in the US in the late 1930s. Presently it is also found in New Zealand, Australia, and parts of Europe. Unfortunately, no plants have high resistance to petal blight, but specific cultivars are more susceptible than others, particularly species with double blooms.
Petal blight infection rates are high when temperatures are mild to warm (optimum temperatures are 15 to 21 ℃) and the weather is misty or rainy.
Overall, petal blight is an aesthetic problem that ruins blossoms. The disease is not harmful to the long-term health of the plant.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The severity of the symptoms varies, depending upon the species of plant infected. Signs of petal blight are commonly seen on the blooms just after they open.
  • Pallid spots on colored petals.
  • Brown spots on white petals.
  • Browning around the petal edges.
  • Small spots look water-soaked.
  • Spots rapidly enlarge and merge.
  • Flowers become limp.
  • The entire flower turns light brown, but does not crumble.
  • Flowers become slimy at first and then take on a leathery texture.
  • A ring of white or gray mycelium can be seen at the base of the petals.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Petal blight is caused by several different fungi, with each type infecting specific plants. Ovulinia azalea infects azaleas species and cultivars, and rhododendrons. Ciborinia camelliae infects camellia cultivars.
Shortly after blooming, the fungus infects the base of the flowers by the calyx. The fungus produces cell wall-degrading enzymes that destroy flowers within a couple of days. When the flowers fall to the ground, the fungus' hard fruiting bodies fall to the soil as well, overwintering until the following spring.
When temperatures hit the optimum range the following season, spores are transmitted by insects or can spread on wind currents up to about 12 miles. Once in the soil, the pathogen can be active for three to five years.
Solutions
Solutions
Like other fungal diseases, the progression of petal blight is extremely difficult to stop and impossible to reverse once it infects a plant. The best course of action is to remove all damaged flowers immediately and dispose of them entirely. Do not put them in the compost pile, where spores could grow and spread.
Prevention
Prevention
  • Apply a preventative dose of fungicide as soon as blooms start to show color on the plant. The preventative can be applied as a soil drench or directly to the flowers on the plant.
  • Avoid overhead watering during blooming.
  • Remove any leaf litter and dead flowers at the end of the season.
  • Cover the ground under infected plants with 4” of fresh organic mulch before winter, taking care not to disturb the infected soil.
  • Buy bare-root specimens when available.
  • When potted plants are purchased, remove the top layer of potting soil and replace it with fresh mulch.
  • Plant cultivars that bloom early in the season before the temperatures get high enough for petal blight pathogens to be spreading.
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care_toxicity

Carnation and Their Toxicity

* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
Toxic to Dogs
Ingestion of any part of the carnation plant can cause a mild reaction in your dog, typically diarrhea and possibly redness in mucous membranes. Intensity of the symptoms depend on how much the dog ingests. Keep these common flowers away from your pets.
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Toxic to Cats
Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) is mildly toxic to cats on account of poisonous compounds in the stems, leaves, and flower petals. While ingestion may cause diarrhea and gastro-intestinal discomfort, no fatalities have been reported as having resulted from its ingestion. However, poisonings should always be taken seriously, and veterinary care should be sought if symptoms do not relent.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Your pets like cats and dogs can be poisoned by them as well!
1
Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
It’s better to kill those growing around your house. Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages, and do not let your pets reach it;Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
7
If you take your pets to hike with you in the wild, please don’t let them eat any plants that you don’t know;
8
Once your pets eat, touch or inhale anything from toxic plants and act abnormally, please call the doctors for help ASAP!
pets
Pets
Some pets are less likely than children to eat and touch just about everything. This is good, as a pet owner. However, you know your pet best, and it is up to you to keep them safe. There are plenty of poisonous weeds that can grow within the confines of your lawn, which might make your dogs or cats ill or worse if they eat them. Try to have an idea of what toxic plants grow in your area and keep them under control and your pets away from them.
pets
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Everyone should keep the following in mind to prevent being poisoned:
1
Do not eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
If you need to kill it, wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages;
7
Wear properly when you hiking or working in the wilderness. Long pants, long sleeves, gloves, hiking shoes, etc., that protect you from being hurt by any plants;
8
Once you or your family aren’t feeling well after eating, touching or inhaling anything from toxic plants, please call your doctor for help ASAP!
Outdoor Workers
Outdoor Workers and Recreationalists
Those who enjoy the outdoors either as a hobby or as part of their work will rarely see a plant and decide to munch on it (although the scenario is not unheard of). However, they do tend to deal with moving through and brushing aside plants. These people are more at risk of being poisoned by touching toxic plants than by ingesting them.
Outdoor Workers
Foragers
Foragers
Foraging for food and medicinal plants is a desirable skill among people who want to feel at one with the land. This hobby can be very useful and enjoyable, but if done wrong , it can lead to disastrous effects. People who forage are picking and grabbing plants with the full intention of using those plants, most of the time to ingest them.
Foragers
Children
Children
While outdoor workers are more likely to touch poison and foragers are more likely to ingest poison, children can easily do both. These bundles of joy just love to run around and explore the world. They enjoy touching things and occasionally shoving random stuff in their mouth; this is a terrible combination with toxic plants in the mix.
If you let your children run about, it is important to know what are the local toxic plants that they could accidentally get into. Try to educate the children and steer them away from where the toxic plants are located.
Children
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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care_more_info

More About Carnation

Plant Type
Plant Type
Herb
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial, Annual
Spread
Spread
15 to 30 cm
Bloom Time
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer
Flower Color
Flower Color
Pink
White
Purple
Yellow
Leaf Color
Leaf Color
Green
Blue
Gray
Flower Size
Flower Size
3 to 6 cm
Plant Height
Plant Height
40 to 90 cm

Name story

Carnation
Some scholars believe that the name "carnation" comes from "coronation" or "corone" which refers to the flower garlands, as it was one of the flowers used in Greek ceremonial crowns. Others think the name stems from the latin "caro" or "carnis" in genitive level which refers to the original colour of the flower. Others believe it comes from incarnatio which refers to the incarnation of God.

Usages

Artistic Value
The carnation is the Mother's Day flower and is often printed on stamps.
Beauty Improvement Value
Carnation tea is suitable for mixing with sea lavender, violet, rose tea and wintersweet for a beautifying effect.
Garden Use
Carnation is a herbaceous flowering perennial that is commonly found in gardens. It is prized for its aroma, hardiness, and aesthetic appeal. It is suitable for borders and beds. It is frequently used for cut flowers. Carnation is essential for Cottage gardens. Plant with other carnation cultivars, Moonshine, or Mexican Feather Grass to make color and texture contrasts.
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Common Problems

Why is my carnation not flowering?

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Carnation thrives in full sun and well-drained soil. If plants are placed under the shade of a building or big trees, or planted in pots and placed indoors, they will not flourish and possibly may not flower. If your plant isn't flowering, try moving it to an open field where it can receive full days of sunlight. Soil drainage also affects flowering. If the drainage is poor, carnation will not flower. If this is the case, add extra drainage in the form of horticultural grit or sand to your soil when planting.

Why is my carnation falling over?

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When planted in shady places, carnation’s growing pattern changes. The leaves and stem elongate, and the cell walls in stems and leaves weaken. In severely insufficient light, the whole plant undergoes chlorosis, showing a pale, yellowish-white coloration. This means the plant is tall but weak, and when facing a strong wind it will be prone to falling over. plant carnation in open fields with full sun to prevent it from falling over later in life. If the plant already shows an elongated growth, try to move it out of the shade and use a stick to support it as it regrows its strength.
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Caring for a New Plant

new-plant
The following pictures and instructions for flower plant are aimed to help your plants adapt and thrive in a new environment.
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1
Picking a Healthy Flower Plant
check-health

Check Its Health

part
Whole Plant
Symmetrical crown, evenly distributed branches, full and compact shape, no excessive growth, close internodes, and uniform leaf size.
more
Flowers
Many unopened flower buds are closely attached, without falling off easily when shaken, and show no diseased spots or wilting on the petals.
part
Branches
The branches are not withered, and the trunk is free of boreholes or damage.
part
Stems
No mold, browning or soft rot at the base of the plant.
more
Leaves
Check the inside of the plant, shaded and overlapping areas, back of leaves. Even colour, no yellowing, no brown spots, no crawling insects, no cobwebs, no deformities, no wilting.
health-trouble

Health Troubleshooting

Whole Plant
Branches
Stems
Flowers
Leaves
more
more 1 Asymmetrical crown or missing, uneven branching: prune the weak and slender branches of the larger portion of the asymmetrical crown, then trim the overgrown larger branches.
more
more 2 Internodes are longer in the upper part, leaves are sparse and smaller on top: increase light intensity or duration.
more
more 1 Dry branches: check if the branch is still alive by peeling back a small section of bark and trim away any dry branches. Watch out for signs of insect infestation inside the branch.
more
more 2 Bark with holes: inject insecticide into the holes and apply systemic insecticide to the roots.
more
more 3 Damaged bark: brush on a wound-healing agent, and avoid getting it wet.
more
Mildew, browning, or soft rot at the base: place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment and water with fungicide.
more
more 1 Many flowers have already bloomed: lower the temperature in the environment to extend the flowering period. Prune any dying flowers in a timely manner to prevent nutrient depletion.
more
more 2 Flower bud dropping: keep temperature at 15-25℃, place in bright but shaded area, water frequently, and avoid fertilizing.
more
more 3 Flower petals have spots or disease: avoid spraying water directly onto the petals.
more
more 4 Flower wilting: avoid soil that is too wet or too dry. When touching the soil with your finger, it should feel moist but not leave any water traces on your finger.
more
more 1 Uneven leaf color and yellowing: prune yellow leaves and check if there are signs of rot at the base of the plant. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
more
more 2 Brown spots or small yellow spots: place the plant in a ventilated area and avoid watering the leaves. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
more
more 3 Tiny crawling insects on the back of leaves or spider webs between leaves: increase light exposure and spray with insecticide for severe cases.
more
more 4 Deformations or missing parts on leaves: determine if it's physical damage or pest infestation. Linear or tearing damage is physical, while the rest are pests. Spray with insecticide.
more
more 5 Wilting leaves: provide partial shade and avoid excessive sun exposure. Remove 1/3 to 1/2 of the leaves for severe cases.
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Check Its Growing Conditions

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Soil Check
Soil should smell fresh like after a rain and no musty odor.
more
Light Check
Check the light requirement of the plant and if it match with planting location.
more
Ventilation Check
Ensure good ventilation.
more
Temperature Check
Ensure outdoor temperature is suitable for plants.
condition-trouble

Condition Troubleshooting

Soil
Ideal Temperature
Ventilation
Suitable Light
check
Potting mix soil, Peat moss mix soil
Soil
Soil smells musty or foul: check the root system for decay, place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment, and water with fungicide.
check
-10℃ to 35℃
Ideal Temperature
Temperature is too low: Temporarily move the plants indoors and then to outdoors when temperature is suitable.
check
Well Ventilated
Ventilation
Non-ventilated environment: can lead to root rot, diseases, and flower drop. Place the plants in an airy location avoiding dead spots.
check
Full sun, Partial sun
Suitable Light
Insufficient light: reduce light appropriately during flowering period but not a fully shaded environment. After flowering, move to normal cultivation environment. For plants with long flowering and fruiting periods, provide normal light to avoid shortening.
Transplant recovery: After transplanting, pot plants should be temporarily shaded, then moved to normal light after a week if no abnormal drop or wilting. In-ground plants, shade for a week and then transfer to normal light or just pay attention to watering.
more
2
Adapting Your New Flower Plant
Step 1
condition-image
Repotting
Potted plants - Wait until flowering stage is over before changing pots. In-ground plants - Plant directly taking care not to harm root system or remove soil.
Step 2
condition-image
Pruning
Prune residual flowers, yellow/dead leaves. No other pruning at this time.
Step 3
condition-image
Watering
Water appropriately. Water more frequently for newly transplanted or purchased plants to keep the soil consistently moist for at least 2 weeks. Avoid overwatering, do not water when there is water on your finger after touching the soil. Both underwatering and overwatering can cause plants to drop their flowers or fruit.
Step 4
condition-image
Fertilizing
Don't fertilize just after purchase. Fertilize after 2 weeks using half concentration.
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Carnation Watering Instructions
Carnation originates from Mediterranean regions presenting mild, humid conditions throughout the year. This environment, duplicitous with scarce rainfall, necessitates adaptations for limited watering. Thus, carnation prefers well-drained soil and enough hydration without waterlogging. Mimicking this in cultivation, typically, infrequent but deep watering sessions are suitable, ensuring the ground doesn't remain perpetually damp, averting root rot and fostering healthier growth.
When Should I Water My Carnation?
importance of timely watering
Maintaining accurate and timely watering for carnation is vital for its overall health and flower production. Mismanagement of watering can lead to problems like stunted growth, wilting, and increased susceptibility to pests and diseases.
leaf texture
Carnation has a natural tendency towards slightly rigid or firm leaves. If the leaves become limp or soft to the touch, it is often a sign that the plant needs water.
leaf color
Carnation typically has vibrant green leaves. However, when the plant is under stress by insufficient watering, the leaves may turn a dull green or even start yellowing. This is an indication for you to water the plant.
flower bud health
In the case of the carnation, flower bud health can be a useful indicator. If they are significantly slow in their opening process, or appear dry and brittle, your plant may be thirsty and in need of additional hydration.
soil status
Checking the soil status is another critical indicator. If the top 1-2 inches of the soil feels dry when touched or crumbles between your fingers, it is typically an indicator that carnation plant is ready to be watered.
risks of inaccurate watering
Overwatering or underwatering carnation can harm the plant. Excessive watering can lead to root rot, fungal growth, and leave the plant susceptible to pests. If ignored and underwatered, the plant may exhibit wilted leaves and flowers, stunted growth, brittle stems, and ultimately cause the plant to dry out and die.
precautions
Always remember that the need for watering can vary based on the season, light exposure, and pot or soil type. Hence, it's crucial to understand these indicators well to avoid overwatering or underwatering the carnation plant.
How Should I Water My Carnation?
Watering Requirements
Carnation, also known as Carnation, has specific watering needs and sensitivities that should be considered for optimal hydration.
Watering Technique
Carnation plants should be watered thoroughly but not excessively. The soil should be kept evenly moist but should not become waterlogged. One effective technique for watering Carnations is bottom-watering. This involves placing the plant pot in a tray or saucer filled with water and allowing the roots to absorb water from the bottom up. This method ensures the roots receive adequate moisture while minimizing the risk of fungal diseases by keeping excess moisture away from the foliage.
Watering Can Type
When using a watering can for Carnation plants, it is recommended to choose one with a narrow spout. This allows for precise watering at the base of the plant, avoiding wetting the foliage excessively and promoting targeted hydration at the root level.
How Much Water Does Carnation Really Need?
Natural Habitat Hydration Needs
Carnation originates from the Mediterranean region, a climate characterized by mild winters and dry summers. This environment has shaped carnation's tolerance to drought, meaning the plant can withstand periods of less water.
Optimal Water Quantity
The carnation's water needs are influenced by its pot size, root depth, and overall size. As a rule, a standard carnation spans 12-24 inches tall and wide—soaking the soil until water appears in the saucer below is generally enough. This practice ensures the roots at the bottom of the pot get the hydration they need. Remember, wet soil doesn't mean the roots have absorbed the water. Always allow the plant time to absorb water before adding more.
Signs of Proper Hydration
The carnation's foliage should be lively and vibrant under the proper watering conditions. Watch out for any leaves that turn yellow or become desiccated—they're signals of over- and under-watering, respectively. Similarly, if the flower heads begin to droop or lose their vibrant hue, it might indicate overwatering or insufficient drainage.
Implications of Under and Over Watering
Underwatered carnations may not flower, and the growth can be stunted. Overwatering, on the other hand, can lead to root decay—a condition conducive to fungal diseases. Both extremes are harmful and might eventually lead to the plant's demise.
Special Watering Conditions
Carnations prefer well-drained soil. If you're growing carnation plants in a pot, consider adding coarse sand or perlite for better drainage. It can help prevent overwatering and avoid root decay.
How Often Should I Water Carnation?
Every week
Watering Frequency
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Just like people, each plant has its own preferences and needs. Devote time to understanding your plants so you can nurture them properly. Observe your plants attentively, learning from their growth patterns, and becoming more in tune with their needs as you grow together. Keep a watchful eye on new plants and seedlings, as they are sensitive to both overwatering and underwatering. Shower them with gentle love and attention, fostering their growth and strength. Let the rhythm of your local climate guide your watering habits, adapting your schedule to the changing weather and the needs of your plants.
What Kind of Water is Best for Carnation?
Ideal Water Types: Distilled, Filtered, Rainwater
Carnation thrives best with distilled, filtered or rainwater as these types are typically of the purest kind with no added chemicals or minerals which can negatively impact the plant’s health.
Tap/ Chlorinated Water Sensitivity
Carnation can tolerate tap water, but is sensitive to high levels of chlorine - in this case, it's recommended to let the tap water sit for at least a couple of hours, or even overnight, to allow the chlorine to evaporate before watering.
Fluoride Sensitivity
Carnation is sensitive to excess levels of fluoride present in some tap waters, which can cause tip burn or leaf yellowing. If these signs appear, consider a switch to distilled, filtered water or rainwater to avoid toxicity.
Mineral Sensitivity
Carnation prefers water low in heavy minerals, such as calcium and magnesium often found in 'hard water'. These can lead to mineral deposits on the surface of the soil or pot, impacting the plant’s ability to take up water and nutrients effectively. In these cases, it's better to use distilled water, rainwater or filtered water.
Water Treatment Benefits
Letting water sit out not only helps dissipate chlorine but also allows it to reach room temperature, which is the ideal temperature for watering carnation. This plant prefers water that is not too cold or too hot as sudden changes in water temperature may shock the plant.
Preferred Water Temperature
Carnation plants prefer being watered with room-temperature water. Water that is too cold may shock the root system, while water that is too hot could cause root damage.
How Do Carnation's Watering Needs Change with the Seasons?
How to Water carnation in Spring?
During spring, carnation experiences its active growth phase. It is essential to maintain consistent soil moisture to support healthy growth. Water regularly, keeping the soil evenly moist.
How to Water carnation in Summer?
In summer, carnation may enter a drought period where it undergoes natural dormancy to conserve energy. Reduce watering frequency, allowing the soil to dry slightly between waterings.
How to Water carnation in Autumn?
During autumn, carnation prepares for winter dormancy. Gradually decrease the frequency of watering as the plant enters its dormant phase. Ensure the soil remains lightly moist.
How to Water carnation in Winter?
In winter, carnation experiences its dormant period. Water sparingly as the plant requires minimal moisture during this time. Allow the topsoil to dry out between waterings.
What Expert Tips Can Enhance Carnation Watering Routine?
Moisture Meter
Using a moisture meter can help assess carnation's deeper soil moisture needs and prevent over or under-watering. This plant prefers its soil to be mostly dry before the next watering, and a meter can effectively measure this.
Watering Time
Watering carnation early in the morning allows the water to penetrate the soil thoroughly before the high evaporation rates of mid-day. It also helps prevent fungal diseases by minimizing the plant's exposure to dampness.
Soaker Hose
Using a soaker hose can ensure even and deep watering for carnation. Lay the hose on the soil around the plant's base and let it slowly release water. This promotes root growth and reduces water waste through evaporation.
Mulching
Applying a layer of organic mulch around carnation can help retain soil moisture, regulate temperature, and prevent weed growth. Use materials like straw or wood chips, and maintain a thickness of 2-3 inches.
Assessing Soil Moisture
To check soil moisture levels beyond the surface, insert a finger or a wooden dowel about 2-3 inches deep. If it comes out dry, it's time to water carnation, but if it comes out moist, wait for a few more days before watering.
Avoid Over-Watering
Over-watering carnation can lead to root rot. Ensure proper drainage by using well-draining soil and pots with drainage holes. Allow the top inch of soil to dry before watering, and never let the plant sit in standing water.
Signs of Thirst
Carnation will show signs of thirst by wilting, drooping leaves, and slow growth. When these signs are observed, water the plant thoroughly until water drains out from the bottom of the pot. Repeat watering when the soil is dry again.
Adjust Watering during Heatwaves
During heatwaves, carnation may require more frequent watering due to increased evaporation. Monitor the soil moisture closely and adjust watering as needed to prevent wilting and dehydration.
Adjust Watering during Extended Rain
During periods of extended rain, it is important to ensure proper drainage to prevent waterlogged soil. Reposition containers or use saucers to prevent excess water from accumulating around carnation
Watering Stressed Plants
When carnation is stressed, such as after transplanting or facing extreme temperatures, water it deeply but less frequently. This allows the plant to establish roots without becoming waterlogged.
Misting
Misting carnation can help increase humidity around the plant, which is especially beneficial in dry environments. However, avoid misting the flowers directly to prevent water damage.
Avoid Overhead Watering
Avoid overhead watering or spraying carnation's foliage as it can promote diseases and fungal issues. Direct the water towards the base of the plant to minimize wetting the leaves.
Water Quality
Maintain good water quality by using room temperature water that has been allowed to sit for 24 hours. This allows any chlorine to dissipate and prevents potential damage to carnation's roots.
Considering Hydroponics? How to Manage a Water-Grown Carnation?
Hydroponics and its relevance to carnation
Hydroponics is a method of growing plants in water-based nutrient solutions, without soil. It offers several advantages for cultivating carnation, such as improved water and nutrient efficiency, faster growth rates, and better control over growing conditions. By using hydroponics, carnation can thrive without the need for traditional soil-based cultivation.
Best suited hydroponic system for carnation
The nutrient film technique (NFT) system is best suited for growing carnation hydroponically. This system involves a shallow, sloping tray or channel that continuously flows a thin film of nutrient solution over the plant roots. It provides adequate oxygen and nutrients, promotes healthy root development, and allows the plant to absorb water and nutrients efficiently.
Nutrient solution requirements for carnation
Carnation thrives with a balanced nutrient solution, consisting of essential macro and micronutrients. The recommended nutrient concentrations for carnation in hydroponics are as follows: Nitrogen (N): 150-200 ppm, Phosphorus (P): 50-80 ppm, Potassium (K): 150-200 ppm, Calcium (Ca): 100-150 ppm, Magnesium (Mg): 50-100 ppm, Iron (Fe): 2-5 ppm. Maintain the pH level of the nutrient solution within the range of 5.5-6.5 for optimal nutrient uptake.
Challenges and common issues in growing carnation hydroponically
One common challenge when growing carnation hydroponically is the risk of root rot due to overwatering or insufficient oxygen levels in the root zone. Ensure proper aeration and drainage in the hydroponic system to avoid waterlogged conditions. Additionally, nutrient imbalances can occur, leading to yellowing leaves or stunted growth. Regularly monitor the nutrient solution and adjust the concentrations accordingly. Adequate lighting is also essential for carnation to thrive. Provide a minimum of 12-16 hours of light per day, using artificial grow lights if necessary.
Monitoring carnation health in a hydroponic setup
Monitor carnation for signs of stress or nutrient deficiencies. Common symptoms include yellowing or browning of leaves, stunted growth, or wilting. Conduct regular visual inspections and check the nutrient solution's pH and nutrient levels. If any issues arise, adjust the nutrient solution or address the underlying problem promptly. Make sure to sanitize the hydroponic system regularly to prevent the growth of pathogens.
Adjusting the hydroponic environment for carnation growth stages
During the vegetative stage, carnation benefits from a higher nitrogen concentration in the nutrient solution to promote leaf and stem development. As it transitions to the flowering stage, adjust the nutrient solution to have a higher ratio of phosphorus and potassium to support robust flower production. Maintain consistent lighting and temperature conditions throughout all growth stages to avoid stress and promote healthy growth.
Watering Schedule for carnation in hydroponics
In a hydroponic system, carnation does not require traditional watering. Instead, monitor and maintain the nutrient solution levels to ensure the roots are continuously provided with the necessary water and nutrients. Regularly check and replenish the nutrient solution as needed, aiming for a consistent level that keeps the roots submerged but not waterlogged.
Important Symptoms
Overwatering
Carnation is more susceptible to developing disease symptoms when overwatered because it prefers a soil environment with moderate humidity. Symptoms of overwatering include yellowing leaves, brown or black spots, root rot...
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Brown or black spots
Excessive watering can damage the plant's root system, making it vulnerable to fungal infections. The plant may develop dark brown to black spots that spread upwards from the lower leaves which are usually the first to be affected.
Root rot
Excess water in the soil can lead to the growth of harmful fungi and bacteria, causing the roots to rot and eventually kill the plant.
Soft or mushy stems
Excess water can cause stems to become soft and mushy, as the cells become waterlogged and lose their structural integrity.
Increased susceptibility diseases
Overwatering plants may become more susceptible and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Solutions
1. Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness. Wait for soil to dry before watering.2. Increase soil aeration by loosening surface and gently stirring with a wooden stick or chopstick.3. Optimize environment with good ventilation and warmth to enhance water evaporation and prevent overwatering.
Underwatering
Carnation is more susceptible to plant health issues when lacking watering, as it can only tolerate short periods of drought. Symptoms of dehydration include wilting, leaf curling, yellowing leaves...
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Wilting
Due to the dry soil and insufficient water absorption by the roots, the leaves of the plant will appear limp, droopy, and lose vitality.
Leaf curling
Leaves may curl inward or downward as they attempt to conserve water and minimize water loss through transpiration.
Increased susceptibility to pests and diseases
Underwatered plants may become more susceptible to pests and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Dying plant
If underwatering continues for an extended period, the plant may ultimately die as a result of severe water stress and an inability to carry out essential functions.
Solutions
1. Thoroughly saturate soil with slow ring watering to ensure uniform and sufficient moisture for plants. 2. Increase air humidity with water trays or misting to slow leaf water evaporation. 3. Watering according to the recommended frequency.Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness.
Watering Troubleshooting for Carnation
Why are the leaves on my carnation turning yellow?
Yellow leaves are often a sign of overwatering. Carnation prefers soil that is consistently moist but not soggy. To remedy this, reduce the frequency of watering and ensure that your carnation has good drainage to prevent water from accumulating.
What might be the reason my carnation is wilting despite regular watering?
Wilting can be a sign of both overwatering and underwatering. Carnation likes moisture but not dampness. If the soil feels wet to the touch, reduce watering; if it's dry, increase the amount. Be sure to maintain a balance - the soil should be slightly dry before the next watering.
My carnation looks like it's drying out even though I water regularly, what could be the cause?
Depending on the environmental factors, such as location and temperature, carnation may require more or less water. Direct sunlight and high temperatures can cause the plant to dry out faster. In such cases, consider increasing the frequency of watering or relocate the plant where it receives less direct sunlight.
The leaves on my carnation have developed brown tips. What's causing this?
Brown tip leaves could indicate underwatering or potentially high levels of salt and chemicals in your tap water. Try watering your carnation a little more frequently, and if the problem persists, consider using filtered or distilled water.
The bottom leaves of my carnation are falling off. What am I doing wrong?
This could be a sign of overwatering. Check the soil; if it's overly damp, it might be causing root rot. Reduce your watering frequency and ensure the plant is draining properly. If there is standing water, you may need to improve the drainage.
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Lighting
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Carnation flourishes in areas where it receives a profusion of sunlight each day, although it can adapt to less light-rich environments. At all growth stages, ample sun exposure aids in its healthy development. Native to exposed environments, it can, however, suffer ill effects from too little or too much light.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Insufficient light
Carnation thrives in full sunlight and is commonly grown outdoors where it receives ample sunlight. When placed in rooms with inadequate lighting, symptoms of light deficiency may not be readily apparent.
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Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your carnation may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Carnation enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Excessive light
Carnation thrives in full sun exposure and can tolerate intense sunlight. With their remarkable resilience, symptoms of sunburn may not be easily visible, as they rarely suffer from it.
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Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Carnation is indigenous to temperate regions and prefers a temperature range of 68 to 95 °F (20 to 35 ℃). During colder seasonal changes, ensure to adjust its environment accordingly to mimic its native temperate climate.
Regional wintering strategies
Carnation has strong cold resistance, so special frost protection measures are usually not necessary during winter. However, if the winter temperatures are expected to drop below {Limit_growth_temperature}, it is still important to provide cold protection. This can be achieved by covering the plant with materials such as soil or straw. Before the first freeze in autumn, it is recommended to water the plant abundantly, ensuring the soil remains moist and enters a frozen state. This helps prevent drought and water scarcity for the plant during winter and early spring.
Important Symptoms
Low Temperature
Carnation is cold-tolerant and thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, although there may not be any noticeable changes during winter, there may be a decrease in sprouting or even no sprouting during springtime.
Solutions
In spring, remove any parts that have failed to sprout.
High Temperature
During summer, Carnation should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the leaves of the plant may become lighter in color, prone to curling, susceptible to sunburn, and in severe cases, the entire plant may wilt and become dry.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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Transplant
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How to Successfully Transplant Carnation?
The prime time to transplant carnation is between mid-spring and early summer, when temperatures are mild and consistent. Choose a sunny location with well-draining soil for best growth. Gently loosen the root ball before transplanting, if needed, for a smooth process.
What Preparations are Needed Before Transplanting Carnation?
What is the Ideal Time for Transplanting Carnation?
The best moment to transplant carnation is between mid-spring and early summer, which ensures steady growth and abundant flowering. This timing takes advantage of warming temperatures and longer daylight hours that nurture carnation to their full potential.
How Much Space Should You Leave Between Carnation Plants?
For carnation transplanting, try to maintain a spacing of about 6-12 inches (15-30 cm) between each plant. This will ensure they have enough room to grow and develop healthy roots.
What is the Best Soil Mix for Carnation Transplanting?
Prepare the soil for carnation by creating a well-draining mixture, combining loamy or sandy soil with organic matter, such as compost. Add a slow-release fertilizer to nourish the plants during the growing season.
Where Should You Relocate Your Carnation?
Find a spot to transplant carnation that receives at least 6 hours of sunlight daily. Ensure the area has some protection from strong winds, as carnation can be quite delicate and vulnerable to damage.
What Equipments Should You Prepare Before Transplantation Carnation?
Gardening Gloves
To protect your hands while working with the soil and carnation plant.
Shovel or Trowel
To dig holes and remove soil when transplanting the carnation plant.
Scissors or Pruners
To trim any damaged or unnecessary foliage and roots during the transplant process.
Watering Can or Hose
To water the carnation plant and make the soil easier to work with, both in the original location and the new planting area.
How Do You Remove Carnation from the Soil?
- From Ground: Water the carnation plant to dampen the soil. Dig a wide trench around the plant using a shovel or spade, ensuring the plant's root ball remains intact. Carefully work the spade under the root ball to lift the plant from its original location.
- From Pot: Water the carnation plant and allow it to absorb moisture for a few minutes. Place your hand on the soil, supporting the plant with your fingers, and turn the pot upside-down. Gently tap or squeeze the pot and remove the plant with its root ball intact. If the plant is stuck, slide a knife around the edges to loosen the root ball.
- From Seedling Tray: Water the carnation seedling, and use a small trowel or spoon to ease the spoon beneath the root ball of the seedling. Lift the plant gently to avoid damaging the roots.
Step-by-Step Guide for Transplanting Carnation
Step1 Preparation
Prepare the new planting area by digging holes that are twice as wide and deep as the root ball of your carnation plant. Space each hole 12-15 inches apart to allow for proper growth.
Step2 Root Pruning
Examine the roots of your carnation plant, and use scissors or pruners to trim any damaged, dead, or unnecessarily long roots.
Step3 Planting
Place the carnation plant in the center of the prepared hole, making sure the top of the root ball is level with the ground. Gently backfill soil around the root ball, firming down the soil as you go, but avoid compacting it too much.
Step4 Watering
Water the transplanted carnation plant thoroughly, making sure to saturate the soil around the root ball. This will help to remove any air pockets and settle the soil around the roots.
How Do You Care For Carnation After Transplanting?
Watering
Keep the soil around the carnation consistently moist, but not soggy, for the first few weeks after transplanting to help establish strong roots.
Mulching
Apply a 5 cm to UNIT_CONVERT_START_3 inches_UNIT_CONVERT_START layer of organic mulch, like bark or compost, around the base of the carnation to help retain moisture and suppress weeds. Leave a small space around the base of the plant to prevent rotting.
Fertilizing
Add slow-release granular fertilizer to the planting area after transplanting, following the package instructions for proper application rates. This will provide nutrients to support continued growth and flowering.
Staking
If your carnation plants are tall, consider staking them to provide support and prevent them from falling over due to wind or heavy blooms.
Troubleshooting Common Issues with Carnation Transplantation.
What's the best time to transplant carnation?
Transplant carnation in mid-spring to early summer, when the soil has warmed up and any frost risk has passed.
How far apart should I space carnation when transplanting?
Space carnation 6-12 inches (15-30 cm) apart to ensure they have enough room to grow and develop properly.
What's the ideal soil condition for transplanting carnation?
Transplant carnation in well-draining soil, rich in organic matter, with a pH of 6.0-7.5 for optimal growth
Do I need to water carnation right after transplanting?
Yes, water carnation immediately after transplanting to help them settle into their new location and minimize stress.
How deep should I plant carnation when transplanting?
Plant carnation at the same depth as their original container to prevent stem rot and ensure proper growth.
Should I prune carnation after transplanting?
Prune any dead, damaged, or overly long shoots of carnation after transplanting to encourage healthy growth and bloom.
What's the ideal transplanting location for carnation?
Transplant carnation in a sunny spot with 6-8 hours of sunlight per day and protection from strong winds.
How do I prevent transplant shock in carnation?
Gently loosen the root ball, water well, and add mulch after transplanting to reduce shock and promote growth.
Do I need to fertilize carnation after transplanting?
Apply a slow-release fertilizer at transplanting time, following the package instructions for optimal growth and bloom.
What if my carnation wilts after transplanting?
Be patient and ensure consistent watering, proper sun exposure, and balanced fertilization to help carnation recover from transplant stress.
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Toxic
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Summarization
Toxic to Pets
Pets
Is Carnation toxic to human?
Carnation contains unknown toxic compounds, which can affect animals if the plant material gets ingested. Direct contact with an injured plant may also cause skin irritation.
Is Carnation toxic to dog?
Ingestion of any part of the carnation plant can cause a mild reaction in your dog, typically diarrhea and possibly redness in mucous membranes. Intensity of the symptoms depend on how much the dog ingests. Keep these common flowers away from your pets.
Is Carnation toxic to cat?
Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) is mildly toxic to cats on account of poisonous compounds in the stems, leaves, and flower petals. While ingestion may cause diarrhea and gastro-intestinal discomfort, no fatalities have been reported as having resulted from its ingestion. However, poisonings should always be taken seriously, and veterinary care should be sought if symptoms do not relent.
How to identify Carnation
* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
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