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About
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Basic Care
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New Plant Care

How to Care for Evergreen Spindle

Evergreen spindle(Euonymus japonicus) is a popular ornamental evergreen shrub with numerous cultivars. Due to its superb adaptability and decorative looks, evergreen spindle can be found in parks and gardens all over the world. Its flowers produce a lot of nectar, which makes this plant very attractive to bees.
symbolism

Symbolism

Foresight, mysticism
Water
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
Toxic to Humans
Evergreen spindle play
Evergreen spindle
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Evergreen spindle
Evergreen spindle
Evergreen spindle
care_basic_guide

Basic Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterDetail

How to Water Evergreen spindle?

Watering needs of evergreen spindle are critical during the first year of growing, once roots are established it becomes dependent on its roots for moisture absorption from the soil. Generally, evergreen spindle needs 1 mm of water per day in the initial growth stages that may increase up to 3 mm per day with the established plant whereas it is capable to evaporate excessive moisture in the atmosphere. On the other hand, it is capable of withstanding drought when fully developed. Watering in the winter climates is also critical to avoid early desiccation. So keep watering, not flooding your evergreen spindle.
Cultivation:WaterDetail
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What is the best way to water my Evergreen spindle?
Your Evergreen spindle will not be too picky about how you choose to water it. As such, you can use just about any common watering tool to moisten this plant’s soil. Watering cans, hoses, and even cups will work just fine when it is time to water your Evergreen spindle. Regardless of which watering tool you use, you should typically apply the water directly to the soil. In doing so, you should ensure that you moisten all soil areas equally to give all parts of the root system the water it needs. It can help to use filtered water, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to plants. It is also beneficial to use water that is at or slightly above room temperature, as colder or hotter water can be somewhat shocking to the Evergreen spindle. However, the Evergreen spindle usually responds well to any kind of water you give it.
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What should I do if I water my Evergreen spindle too much or too little?
For outdoor plants, especially newly planted plants or plant seedlings, they can be prone to lack of watering. Remember that you need to keep watering enough for a few months when the tree is small or just planted. This is because once the roots are established, Evergreen spindle can rely on rain most of the time.
When your Evergreen spindle is planted in pots, overwatering is often more likely to.When you accidentally overwater your Evergreen spindle, you should be prepared to remedy the situation immediately. First, you should stop watering your plant right away to minimize the effect of your overwatering. After, you should consider removing your Evergreen spindle from its pot to inspect its roots. If you find that none of the roots have developed root rot, it may be permissible to return your plant to its container. If you do discover signs of root rot, then you should trim away any roots that have been affected. You may also want to apply a fungicide to prevent further damage. Lastly, you should repot your Evergreen spindle in soil that is well-draining. In the case of an underwatered Evergreen spindle, simply water this plant more frequently.
Underwatering is often an easy fix. If you underwater, the plant's leaves will tend to droop and dry out and fall off, and the leaves will quickly return to fullness after sufficient watering. Please correct your watering frequency as soon as underwatering occurs.
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How often should I water my Evergreen spindle?
Most plants that grow naturally outdoors can be allowed to grow normally with rainfall. If your area lacks rainfall, consider giving your plants adequate watering every 2 weeks during the spring and fall. More frequent watering is needed in summer. In winter, when growth becomes slower and plants need less water, water more sparingly. Throughout the winter, you may not give it additional watering at all. If your Evergreen spindle is young or newly planted, then you should water more frequently to help it establish, and mature and grow up to have more adaptable and drought tolerant plants.
For potted plants, there are two main ways that you can determine how often to water your Evergreen spindle. The first way is to set a predetermined watering schedule. If you choose this route, you should plan to water this plant about once every week or once every other week. However, this approach may not always work as it does not consider the unique conditions of the growing environment for your Evergreen spindle .
Your watering frequency can also change depending on the season. For instance, a predetermined watering schedule will likely not suffice during summer when this plant's water needs are highest. An alternative route is to set your watering frequency based on soil moisture. Typically, it is best to wait until the first two to four inches of soil, usually ⅓ to ½ depth of the pots, have dried out entirely before you give more water.
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How much water does my Evergreen spindle need?
When it comes time to water your Evergreen spindle, you may be surprised to find that this plant does not always need a high volume of water. Instead, if only a few inches of soil have dried since your last watering, you can support healthy growth in the Evergreen spindle by giving it about five to ten ounces of water every time you water. You can also decide your water volume based on soil moisture. As mentioned above, you should note how many inches of soil have dried out between waterings. A surefire way to make sure your Evergreen spindle gets the moisture it needs is to supply enough water to moisten all the soil layers that became dry since the last time you watered. If more than half of the soil has become dry, you should consider giving more water than usual. In those cases, continue adding water until you see excess water draining from your pot’s drainage holes.
If your Evergreen spindle is planted in an area that gets plenty of rain outdoors, it may not need additional watering. When the Evergreen spindle is young or just getting established, make sure it gets 1-2 inches of rain per week. As it continues to grow and establish, it can survive entirely on rainwater and only when the weather is hot and there is no rainfall at all for 2-3 weeks, then consider giving your Evergreen spindle a full watering to prevent them from suffering stress.
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Evergreen spindle enough?
Overwatering is a far more common problem for the Evergreen spindle, and there are several signs you should look for when this occurs. Generally, an overwatered Evergreen spindle will have yellowing leaves and may even drop some leaves. Also, overwatering can cause the overall structure of your plant to shrivel and may also promote root rot. On the other hand, an underwatered Evergreen spindle will also begin to wilt. It may also display leaves that are brown or brittle to the touch. Whether you see signs of overwatering or underwatering, you should be prepared to intervene and restore the health of your Evergreen spindle.
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How can I water my Evergreen spindle at different growth stages?
When the Evergreen spindle is very young, such as when it is in a seedling stage, you will need to give it more water than you would if it were at a mature age. During the early stages of this plant’s life, it is important to keep the soil consistently moist to encourage root development. The same is true for any Evergreen spindle that you have transplanted to a new growing location. Also, the Evergreen spindle can develop showy flowers and fruits when you give them the correct care. If your Evergreen spindle is in a flowering or fruiting phase, you will likely need to give a bit more water than you usually would to support these plant structures.
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How can I water my Evergreen spindle through the seasons?
The seasonal changes will affect how often you water your Evergreen spindle. Mainly, during the hottest summer months, you will likely need to increase how much you water this plant, especially if it grows in an area that receives ample sunlight. Strong summer sunlight can cause soil to dry out much faster than usual, meaning that you’ll need to water more frequently. By contrast, your Evergreen spindle will need much less water during the winter, as it will not be in an active growing phase. During winter, you can get by with watering once every 2 to 3 weeks or sometimes not at all. For those growing this plant indoors, you should be somewhat wary of appliances such as air conditioners, which can cause your plant to dry out more quickly, which also calls for more frequent watering.
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What's the difference between watering my Evergreen spindle indoors vs outdoors?
In some cases, your Evergreen spindle may not need any supplemental watering when it grows outside and will survive on rainwater alone. However, if you live in an area of little to no rain, you should water this plant about every two weeks. If you belong to the group of people who live out of this plant's natural hardiness zone, you should grow it indoors. In an indoor setting, you should monitor your plant's soil as it can dry out more quickly when it is in a container or when it is exposed to HVAC units such as air conditioners. Those drying factors will lead you to water this plant a bit more often than if you grew it outdoors.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail

How to Fertilize Evergreen spindle?

Usually, evergreen spindle doesn’t need fertilizers for its growth and development but it can be added if you are growing for the purpose of hedging in the landscape gardening during the first year only. NPK(20:20:20) is a major essential nutrients fertilizer that can be added twice to the young plants, i.e. once in the spring and then in early winter. A general recommendation is 1 tablespoon per plant.

Fertilizer

It can be somewhat easy for a novice gardener to overlook Evergreen spindle since these plants don't often produce showy flowers. However, the incredible leaf shapes and textures of Evergreen spindle plants can make them as ornamentally appealing as any other plant in your garden. Growing Evergreen spindle outdoors in your garden is not extremely difficult to do, but there are some insights that you must keep in mind while you care for this plant. Within your maintenance routine, correct fertilization will be crucial.
Regardless of which kind of Evergreen spindle you own, regular fertilization will help you grow a plant that has great overall health. The proper supply of nutrients leads to more vigorous growth and can help your Evergreen spindle be more resilient to tough growing conditions while also gaining a better ability to fight off diseases and pests. The foliage of your Evergreen spindle is one of its most attractive features, which is why you should do all you can to keep it intact. Again, this means creating and adhering to a regular fertilization schedule that is specific to your Evergreen spindle. Doing so will prompt your Evergreen spindle to develop leaves with a deep color and a lush overall look.
The first time that you should fertilize your Evergreen spindle is during the late winter or early spring. This type of fertilization gives your Evergreen spindle all the nutrients it needs to resume healthy growth once the weather gets warm enough. It is also beneficial to many Evergreen spindle to provide an additional fertilizer feeding during early fall if you in a warm climate region. Fertilizing in early fall not only adds additional nutrients to the soil, which your Evergreen spindle will use in the following growing season, but it also helps your Evergreen spindle be a bit more hardy and capable of surviving the winter cold without experiencing foliage damage. Earlier fertilisation will ensure that the new branches have enough time to grow to withstand the cold winter.
In most cases, the most important nutrient for a Evergreen spindle is nitrogen, but that does not mean that phosphorus and potassium are unimportant. On the contrary, your Evergreen spindle likely needs a decent amount of all three main nutrients, which is why a balanced fertilizer, such as a 10-10-10, can work well. However, a more nuanced ratio of nutrients often leads to optimal growth for a Evergreen spindle. Often, fertilizers that are a bit higher in nitrogen work a bit better. For example, a ratio of 10-6-4 can often work well. When fertilizing, you can use a granular fertilizer or a liquid-based one. At times, a Evergreen spindle may also need
To fertilize your Evergreen spindle using a granular fertilizer, all you need to do is sprinkle the fertilizer on the soil at the correct time. The slow-release nature of granular fertilizer will release nutrients into the soil slowly over time. As is usually the case, it's best to water your Evergreen spindle, at least lightly, before applying fertilizer. As an alternative, you can use a liquid fertilizer, but this is less common. To use this approach, mix your fertilizer with water, then pour the water onto the soil around the base of your Evergreen spindle. At times, it is beneficial to perform a soil test before fertilizing to see if you will need to alter the pH at all.
Overfertilization is always a risk when you are feeding a Evergreen spindle. Overfertilization is especially likely if you feed this plant at the wrong time of year, feed it too often, or feed it without watering the soil first. When overfertilization takes place, your Evergreen spindle may begin to develop brown leaves. Your Evergreen spindle can also show stunted growth in some cases. On the other hand, it is also possible that too much fertilizer can prompt your Evergreen spindle to rapidly produce too much new growth, much of which will be weak and prone to breaking. Weak new wood can also detract from the overall form and structure of your Evergreen spindle.
There are a few times during the year when you should not fertilize your Evergreen spindle. The first time occurs during the early and mid-winter months, during which time your Evergreen spindle will be dormant and in no need of feeding. It is also unwise to fertilize this plant during the late spring and all of the summer. During that time of year, the weather will likely be hotter and can be much dryer as well. Both conditions make it more likely that your Evergreen spindle will have a very negative response to fertilization. To avoid such issues, stick to a fertilization schedule that involves feeding exclusively during early spring and early fall.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail
Why do I need to fertilize my Evergreen spindle?
Regardless of which kind of Evergreen spindle you own, regular fertilization will help you grow a plant that has great overall health. The proper supply of nutrients leads to more vigorous growth and can help your Evergreen spindle be more resilient to tough growing conditions while also gaining a better ability to fight off diseases and pests.
The foliage of your Evergreen spindle is one of its most attractive features, which is why you should do all you can to keep it intact. Again, this means creating and adhering to a regular fertilization schedule that is specific to your Evergreen spindle. Doing so will prompt your Evergreen spindle to develop leaves with a deep color and a lush overall look.
Read More more
When is the best time to fertilize my Evergreen spindle?
The first time that you should fertilize your Evergreen spindle is during the late winter or early spring. This type of fertilization gives your Evergreen spindle all the nutrients it needs to resume healthy growth once the weather gets warm enough.
It is also beneficial to many Evergreen spindle to provide an additional fertilizer feeding during early fall if you in a warm climate region. Fertilizing in early fall not only adds additional nutrients to the soil, which your Evergreen spindle will use in the following growing season, but it also helps your Evergreen spindle be a bit more hardy and capable of surviving the winter cold without experiencing foliage damage. Earlier fertilisation will ensure that the new branches have enough time to grow to withstand the cold winter.
Read More more
When should I avoid fertilizing my Evergreen spindle?
There are a few times during the year when you should not fertilize your Evergreen spindle. The first time occurs during the early and mid-winter months, during which time your Evergreen spindle will be dormant and in no need of feeding.
It is also unwise to fertilize this plant during the late spring and all of the summer. During that time of year, the weather will likely be hotter and can be much dryer as well. Both conditions make it more likely that your Evergreen spindle will have a very negative response to fertilization. To avoid such issues, stick to a fertilization schedule that involves feeding exclusively during early spring and early fall.
Read More more
What type of fertilizer does my Evergreen spindle need?
In most cases, the most important nutrient for a Evergreen spindle is nitrogen, but that does not mean that phosphorus and potassium are unimportant. On the contrary, your Evergreen spindle likely needs a decent amount of all three main nutrients, which is why a balanced fertilizer, such as a 10-10-10, can work well.
However, a more nuanced ratio of nutrients often leads to optimal growth for a Evergreen spindle. Often, fertilizers that are a bit higher in nitrogen work a bit better. For example, a ratio of 10-6-4 can often work well. When fertilizing, you can use a granular fertilizer or a liquid-based one.
Read More more
How do I fertilize my Evergreen spindle?
To fertilize your Evergreen spindle using a granular fertilizer, all you need to do is sprinkle the fertilizer on the soil at the correct time. The slow-release nature of granular fertilizer will release nutrients into the soil slowly over time. As is usually the case, it's best to water your Evergreen spindle, at least lightly, before applying fertilizer.
As an alternative, you can use a liquid fertilizer, but this is less common. To use this approach, mix your fertilizer with water, then pour the water onto the soil around the base of your Evergreen spindle. At times, it is beneficial to perform a soil test before fertilizing to see if you will need to alter the pH at all.
Read More more
What happens if I fertilize my Evergreen spindle too much?
Overfertilization is always a risk when you are feeding a Evergreen spindle. Overfertilization is especially likely if you feed this plant at the wrong time of year, feed it too often, or feed it without watering the soil first.
When overfertilization takes place, your Evergreen spindle may begin to develop brown leaves. Your Evergreen spindle can also show stunted growth in some cases. On the other hand, it is also possible that too much fertilizer can prompt your Evergreen spindle to rapidly produce too much new growth, much of which will be weak and prone to breaking. Weak new wood can also detract from the overall form and structure of your Evergreen spindle.
Read More more
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Cultivation:SunlightDetail

What Are the Sunlight Requirements for Evergreen spindle?

Overall Euonymus varieties need diverse sun exposures, such as bigger trees and giant shrubs require more sun. Some ground cover species need a part and full shades, while some creeping species reach up to the foliage of the host plant foliage to acquire light as their need. They are medium shade tolerant.
Cultivation:SunlightDetail
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How much/long should Evergreen spindle get sunlight per day for healthy growth?
For healthy growth, make sure that Evergreen spindle receives at least 3–6 hours of sun each day. This is actually a minimum requirement—most plants that can handle part sun can also thrive in full sun, but because they require less light for photosynthesis, they are more flexible than plants that require full sun or part shade.
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What type of sunlight does Evergreen spindle need?
Evergreen spindle does best with exposure to full or part sun. They will perform best with direct morning light, but in summer they need protection from the strong afternoon sun. In temperate environments, too much hot afternoon sun can burn the leaves, damaging the plant's appearance and health.
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Can sunlight damage Evergreen spindle? How to protect Evergreen spindle from the sun and heat damage?
Evergreen spindle planted indoors can easily be damaged by direct sunlight when it's moved outdoors. The best way to prevent sunburns from overexposure is to move pots gradually from a shaded area to a brighter spot, gradually. But even plants that are acclimated to the summer sun can be damaged by extreme heat. In a heatwave, it is important to keep the soil consistently moist so that plants can cope with excessive levels of heat. Moving plants in containers to areas with afternoon shade or erecting a shade cloth over them can protect sensitive Evergreen spindle during extreme weather events.
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Does Evergreen spindle need to avoid sun exposure? / Should I protect Evergreen spindle from the sun?
While bright morning sun and some full sun exposure can be highly beneficial for Evergreen spindle, the harsh, hot midday sun of summer can be too much to handle.
If planted in the ground, the summer sun will usually ramp up slowly enough through the season for Evergreen spindle to gradually adapt to its intensity. But a potted plant that has been indoors or in a protected location will often suffer injury when placed suddenly into a location where the direct summer sun reaches it in the hottest part of the day.
To protect this plant from the brutal afternoon summer sun, plant or place it in an understory location where it is shaded at midday by taller trees and plants or by a building or landscape feature.
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What will happen if Evergreen spindle gets inadequate sunlight?
When Evergreen spindle receives too little sun, they may become pale green or display drooping, yellow leaves. While some leaf drop is normal, if leaves are dropping but no new ones are growing in to replace them, it is a sign that something is wrong. If Evergreen spindle receiving inadequate light does manage to grow, the new growth is often spindly, pale, and prone to insect infestation. Paying attention to these signs and changing the lighting conditions of the plant will make a significant difference.
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Does Evergreen spindle need special care about sunlight during its different growth stages?
Tender, new leaves are especially sensitive to sunburn. Bearing this in mind, very young Evergreen spindle and when it's in a strong growth phase, such as in late spring and early summer, will be more sensitive to harsh sun and heat than the mature one or those in a more dormant fall growth stage. Evergreen spindle fresh from a nursery is also usually not prepared for strong full sunlight and must be introduced to it slowly.
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Are there any cautions or tips for sunlight and Evergreen spindle?
Recently transplanted Evergreen spindle will often experience a bit of shock and will need to be cared for carefully, either shaded from bright afternoon sun or placed in a protected area. On very hot days, you may see the leaves of Evergreen spindle drooping—this is usually nothing to worry about. Plants will send the water in their leaves down into their roots to protect them from burning. However, if the leaves are still drooping in the evening or the next morning, the plant needs water. Always avoid watering during the hottest times of day, as sunlight can hit wet leaves and scorch them easily.
Evergreen spindle that has been underwatered will be weaker than that with consistently moist soil. This can leave it with weak roots that are unable to protect the leaves on hot, sunny summer days by diverting water away from the leaves. Care for an underwatered plant by giving it a long, deep watering and then allowing the top two inches of soil to dry out before the next watering. Even if it loses its leaves, if cared for properly it will grow new ones.
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Cultivation:PruningDetail

How to Prune Evergreen spindle?

Pruning is often practiced on the evergreen spindle grown for hedge formation in the landscapes. Medium to heavy pruning is advised if the purpose is to shape or topiary formation otherwise it goes well unpruned. Winter is the best pruning and trimming time for the evergreen spindle other than evergreen shrubs.
Cultivation:PruningDetail
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care_advanced_guide

Advanced Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail

What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Evergreen spindle?

Dry cold winds are not favored for the growth of evergreen spindle, as it prefers warmer temperatures for its optimum growth potential. The annual day temperature should range between 12 to 20 ℃ whereas night temperatures range is between 4 to 12 ℃. It is fairly tolerant of freezing temperatures in the winter and less tolerant of heat. In addition, evergreen spindle has average water needs. It needs water regularly but overwatering is inappropriate.
Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail
What is the optimal temperature for Evergreen spindle?
The best temperature for Evergreen spindle to thrive is 65~80℉(18~27℃). During the primary growing phase, the highest temperature tolerable would be 95℉(35℃), while the lowest tolerable temperature would be 15℉(-10℃). This species is tolerant of low temperatures and will survive freezing winters. The perfect, highest, and lowest temperature range:
Perfect:65~80℉(18~27℃)
Highest:85~95℉(30~35℃)
Lowest:-5~15℉(-20~-10℃) or below
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Should I adjust the temperature for Evergreen spindle during different growing phases?
Research shows that Evergreen spindle will begin to exhibit signs of stunted growth during prolonged periods of higher temperatures, especially during the development of axillary buds and the growth of main shoots. Keeping the temperatures consistent and cooler, around 65℉(18℃), will encourage vigorous growth after germination or transplanting.
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How can I keep Evergreen spindle warm in cold seasons?
Evergreen spindle can withstand freezing temperatures when planted in the ground in areas that don’t get below of 15℉(-10℃) as an extreme temperature during the winter months. But if planted in pots or containers, then their roots must be protected from the winter cold. Do this by wrapping the container in a blanket or bringing it inside where it will be fully protected from the elements.
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What damage will Evergreen spindle suffer if the temperature is too high/low?
Greater harm will come to Evergreen spindle if the temperature is consistently too high versus too low.
If Evergreen spindle gets too hot, seed germination and photosynthesis efficiency is lessened due to hormone triggers caused by heat stress. The plant will show signs through wilting, leaf browning, and potentially death.
If Evergreen spindle gets too cold, plant functions such as nutrient uptake and photosynthesis will cease, resulting in the possible death of the plant. If a single freezing event occurs during the growing season, then a membrane phase transition might occur, which can cause a cease in plant functions and death of the plant.
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What tips and cautions should I keep in mind when it comes to temperature for Evergreen spindle?
Keeping the soil temperature consistent is one of the most important strategies to keeping Evergreen spindle healthy, which leads to successful budding, flowering, and new growth. Do this by consistently watering, adding mulch to bare soil, and planting in the shade.
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How can I keep Evergreen spindle warm without a heat pad?
Due to the cold tolerance of Evergreen spindle, heating pads will not be necessary if planted outside in the ground. If the plant is in an outdoor pot, then bring it inside a heated house and place it in a sunny window during the winter months.
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How can I provide Evergreen spindle with an adequate temperature condition?
To ensure adequate temperature conditions are present, plant Evergreen spindle in an area with partial shade. If possible, use afternoon shade to provide the best protection during the hottest part of the day. This will also result in lower temperatures in the soil due to increased moisture retention. If Evergreen spindle is planted indoors, then keep the container away from windows and out of direct sunlight during the summer months to prevent the soil temperature from spiking daily.
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How can I save Evergreen spindle from temperature damage?
During the summer or times of high heat, give Evergreen spindle extra shade and water to help cool its leaves, roots, and soil. During cold snaps or growing season freezes, cover sensitive budding vegetation with frost cloth or water using sprinkler systems. If it’s only nearing freezing temperatures for a short period, then water during the day several hours before the freeze. If the temperature is predicted to remain below freezing for an extended period, then keep the sprinkler running until the temperature rises above freezing the following day.
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Should I adjust the temperature for Evergreen spindle in different seasons?
Evergreen spindle is a mid-temperature plant that can easily tolerate the typical fluctuations of the seasons and remain a hardy species when planted in maintained landscapes areas, containers, or indoors. Therefore, adjusting the temperature during the different seasons is unnecessary for primary growth. If flowering is stunted or impeded, then allowing the plant to experience a season of winter freeze could help to revive flowering.
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Under what conditions should I stop adjusting the temperature for Evergreen spindle?
If it becomes too difficult to lower the temperature for an indoor plant during the summer, then plant it outside in the ground or in a container. Make sure to plant Evergreen spindle in a shaded location and water often to keep the soil moist.
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Cultivation:SoilDetail

What Soil is Best for Evergreen spindle?

Evergreen spindle is adaptable from poor to rich soil with medium water holding capacity that is well-drained and aerated. Damp calcareous soils equally favor its growth including compact and dry soils. It is also adaptable to a variety of soil pH where it can successfully grow in acidic to high alkali soils of varying pH ranging from 5.6-7.2. Evergreen spindle can also grow in swamplands, bottomland hardwood forests, thickets and slopes near or on the stream banks. When it becomes fully established, it is exceptionally drought tolerant.
Cultivation:SoilDetail
Cultivation:PlantingDetail

How to Plant Evergreen spindle?

Planting is done through digging a pit of suitable size at the selected location in the garden that is well aerated and suits the needs of the variety being planted. Dig a pit double the size (in-depth and width) of the pot carrying your plant. Remove all garden soil out of the pit to make an even surface for planting.
Add 5 to 8 cm of the similar garden soil into the pit that was previously removed before placing your plant into the pit, gently. Fill in the pit with remaining garden soil to the surface of the garden soil. Water frequently till the newly added soil becomes settled into the pit.
Keep on watering for the initial 4-5 days and add more garden soil to the desired pit level as needed. Water your plants during the first year of growth regularly until it establishes its root system. The spacing of evergreen spindle to establish hedges is recommended 1 to 1.3 m apart while spacing for the shrubs or small trees is often observed from 2.5 to 3 m apart.
Cultivation:PlantingDetail
PlantCare:TransplantSummary

How to Transplant Evergreen spindle?

For optimal growth, transplant evergreen spindle during the perfect window of late spring to mid-summer, as warmer weather encourages strong root establishment. Choose a location that fulfills the plant's partial sun and well-drained soil requirements, and remember to water it well post-transplant.
PlantCare:TransplantSummary
Cultivation:PottingSuggestions

How to Repot Evergreen spindle?

Needs excellent drainage in pots. Choose the size of the basin according to the shape of the tree.
Cultivation:PottingSuggestions
care_scenes

More Info on Evergreen Spindle Growth and Care

Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
Explore More
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Evergreen spindle is native to East Asia, particularly Japan and Korea. It grows in a variety of habitats, including forests, thickets, and rocky slopes. The plant prefers well-drained soil and is adaptable to a wide range of moisture levels. However, in its native environment, it typically receives moderate rainfall and experiences high humidity. Therefore, it benefits from regular watering to maintain moist soil, but not waterlogged conditions, in order to best replicate its natural habitat.
Watering Techniques
Lighting
Full sun
Evergreen spindle thrives best when exposed to an ample amount of sunlight throughout the day, but can also survive in spots where the sun shines less intensively. Too little sunlight can hinder growth, while too much can lead to leaf scorch. Its origin environment suggests an affinity for sun-soaked areas.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
-15 41 ℃
Although evergreen spindle is a temperate woody plant, it has a broad range of temperature preferences, thriving in a native growth environment with temperatures ranging from 10 to 35 ℃ (50 to 95 ℉). During the summer, it is better to limit the plant's exposure to intense sunlight to avoid dehydration and discoloration of leaves. Winter temperatures below 10 ℃ (50 ℉) may cause leaf shedding. Keeping the air moist can help with temperature adjustment in dry winter months.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Transplant
5-10 feet
For optimal growth, transplant evergreen spindle during the perfect window of late spring to mid-summer, as warmer weather encourages strong root establishment. Choose a location that fulfills the plant's partial sun and well-drained soil requirements, and remember to water it well post-transplant.
Transplant Techniques
Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew is a widespread fungal disease, causing visible white or gray powder-like growth on the foliage of Evergreen spindle. It severely affects the plant's health, leading to aesthetic impairment, damaged shoots, and decreased vitality.
Learn More About the Disease
Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a common disease that affects the overall health and appearance of Evergreen spindle. The disease, primarily caused by fungal pathogens, leaves the Evergreen spindle leaves discolored, wilting, and eventually falling off, significantly hampering the plant's growth and aesthetics.
Learn More About the Disease
Brown blotch
Brown Spot is a fungal disease posing a significant threat to Evergreen spindle. It leads to the appearance of small brown spots on leaves which gradually enlarge, often causing premature leaf drop. The disease can considerably hamper Evergreen spindle's growth and aesthetic appeal.
Learn More About the Disease
Toxic
Moderate Toxic to Humans
All parts of the evergreen spindle are considered toxic if ingested in large quantities. Symptoms can range from mild to life-threatening including vomiting, weakness, diarrhea, chills, convulsions, and coma. Since these plants are commonly used as ornamental hedges, you should be mindful of any children who may encounter the plant, be attracted by its colorful leaves and flowers, and may be tempted to eat them.
Toxic Details
Feng shui direction
East
The evergreen spindle exhibits an aura of vitality, making it a suitable choice for those seeking positive energy in their surroundings. Its compatibility with the East-facing direction is derived from its association with growth and renewal, which harmonize with the wood element predominant in the East.
Fengshui Details
care_seasonal_tips

Seasonal Care Tips

seasonal-tip

Seasonal Precautions

Maintain a check on the regular watering of the newly established plants. Look for any possible signs of diseases or common pests in your area. Mulch your evergreen spindle if temperatures are getting to high to conserve moisture. Remove any undesired plant debris and weeds from the gardening space. In case of severe freezing, make necessary arrangements to save your plants from frost injuries.
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Spring

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Summer

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Fall

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Winter

This plant and other temperate fruiting trees and shrubs require care in the early spring.

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1
Prune back old growth but wait until after the last frost.
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2
Spring is also the best time for planting, but do not fertilize new plants. Mature specimens will benefit from a monthly application of organic fertilizer.
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3
Water the plant deeply every couple of weeks.
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4
Container plants require sunlight in the spring. Move the container to a location receiving several hours of sunlight a day.

Fruiting temperate trees and shrubs like this plant benefit from care during the summer.

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1
A monthly application of organic fertilizer throughout the summer helps to support growth and encourage fruiting.
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2
Keep an eye on soil moisture, watering whenever the soil is beginning to dry out.
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Remove any dead and dying leaves from the plant and around the base to help avoid issues with pests and diseases.
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4
Prune back old growth to help avoid potential issues with broken branches.
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5
Move container plants to a partially shady location if they are in a consistently sunny area.

You should provide frequent care to your plant throughout the fall.

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1
Up until your plant reaches dormancy in the cold winter months, continue to water it in cases of little to no rainfall to ensure the soil stays moist and the plant stays productive.
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Make sure it received plenty of direct sun as well.
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Fertilize it once at the beginning of fall, with a citrus fertilizer, then stop fertilizing and pruning during this season, especially as winter approaches. This will help your plant enter winter dormancy more easily.
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4
Rake up any fallen fall foliage to deter pests and diseases, as bacteria can easily grow in the fallen leaves at the base of the plant.

While your plant is dormant in the winter, let it rest. You’ll need to provide only minimal care at this time.

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Water your plant infrequently, providing it with water it only after the soil dries out to avoid waking it up.
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At the very end of winter, before new growth begins, prune away dead, diseased, or overcrowded branches to jumpstart fresh growth in the spring.
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If you have a potted variety, you can overwinter it indoors in bright sunlight, and you can possibly enjoy the harvest from your plant throughout the season.
care_pet_and_diseases

Common Pests & Diseases

Common issues for Evergreen spindle based on 10 million real cases
Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew is a widespread fungal disease, causing visible white or gray powder-like growth on the foliage of Evergreen spindle. It severely affects the plant's health, leading to aesthetic impairment, damaged shoots, and decreased vitality.
Leaf blight
Leaf blight Leaf blight
Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a common disease that affects the overall health and appearance of Evergreen spindle. The disease, primarily caused by fungal pathogens, leaves the Evergreen spindle leaves discolored, wilting, and eventually falling off, significantly hampering the plant's growth and aesthetics.
Brown blotch
Brown blotch Brown blotch
Brown blotch
Brown Spot is a fungal disease posing a significant threat to Evergreen spindle. It leads to the appearance of small brown spots on leaves which gradually enlarge, often causing premature leaf drop. The disease can considerably hamper Evergreen spindle's growth and aesthetic appeal.
Caterpillars
Caterpillars Caterpillars
Caterpillars
Caterpillars are fleshy moth or butterfly larvae that come in an array of colors, patterns, and even hairstyles. They chew on leaves and flower petals, creating large, irregular holes.
Solutions: Even though caterpillars are diverse, they all chew on plant parts and can cause significant damage if present in large numbers. For severe cases: Apply insecticide. For an organic solution, spray plants with a Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which specifically affects the larval stage of moths and butterflies. Be sure to coat plants, since caterpillars need to ingest Bt for it to be effective. This will not harm other insects. Spray a chili extract. Chili seeds can be cooked in water to make a spicy spray that caterpillars don't like. Spray this mixture on the plants, but be aware it will also be spicy to humans. Introduce beneficial insects. Release beneficial insects to the garden that eat caterpillars, such as parasitic wasps. For less severe cases: Hand pick. Using gloves, pick off caterpillars on plants and dispose of them in a bucket of soapy water. Dust plants with diatomaceous earth. This powder is harmless to humans but irritates caterpillars. Therefore, it will make it difficult for caterpillars to move and eat.
Underwatering yellow
Underwatering yellow Underwatering yellow
Underwatering yellow
A lack of water will cause the leaves to gradually turn yellow starting at the base of the branch while the entire plant appears to wilt.
Solutions: Your plant is very thirsty and needs water promptly. You can revive your plant by giving it water. The easiest technique is to slowly pour water into your plant’s soil so that the whole surface is moistened. If you pour the water too quickly, the water will flow directly through rather than diffusing throughout the soil. If your plant’s pot does not have drainage holes, do not give your plant more than about a third of the pot’s volume of water. If your plant’s pot does have drainage holes, you can add water slowly until the soil is thoroughly moistened and the water flows freely through the pot. If you trim off yellow leaves to improve the plant’s appearance, do not remove more than a third of the plant’s leaves. It may be better to wait until leaves have died and fallen off to remove them.
Leaf deformity
Leaf deformity Leaf deformity
Leaf deformity
Leaf deformities can have a variety of causes.
Solutions: Follow these steps to revive plants with abnormal leaves. Remove damaged leaves: Plants can recover from damage when given the time to do so. Remove any deformed leaves so they don't continue drawing energy from the plant. This also creates room for healthier ones to grow. Stop using herbicide: Though herbicide damage is challenging to diagnose, gardeners can potentially prevent deformed leaves by not using any and by strictly following manufacturers instructions. Spray insecticide: Prevent pests from inhabiting plant leaves by spraying with insecticide regularly and practicing good natural pest prevention techniques. Apply a balanced fertilizer: Solve nutrient deficiencies and excesses by using a well-balanced fertilizer (organic or conventional both work) before planting, and consider topdressing when signs of stress are apparent. Fix watering schedule: If plant leaves are curled downward due to too much or too little water, adjust the watering schedule so the soil is moist, but not damp. Remove infected plants: If the plant has succumbed to a viral infection, not much can be done to revive it. Remove and destroy all compromised plant material to prevent spread to other plants.
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Powdery mildew
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Powdery mildew Disease on Evergreen spindle?
What is Powdery mildew Disease on Evergreen spindle?
Powdery mildew is a widespread fungal disease, causing visible white or gray powder-like growth on the foliage of Evergreen spindle. It severely affects the plant's health, leading to aesthetic impairment, damaged shoots, and decreased vitality.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Evergreen spindle infected with powdery mildew presents a distinctive white to gray powdery growth on its leaf surfaces, shoots, and sometimes fruits. Over time, the foliage may turn yellow and fall prematurely. Severe infections can lead to distorted or stunted growth.
What Causes Powdery mildew Disease on Evergreen spindle?
What Causes Powdery mildew Disease on Evergreen spindle?
1
Pathogen
Erysiphe euonymi-japonici is the specific fungus causing powdery mildew on Evergreen spindle.
2
Environmental factors
The disease thrives in shaded areas, on juvenile leaves, and during dry, warm conditions with high relative humidity.
How to Treat Powdery mildew Disease on Evergreen spindle?
How to Treat Powdery mildew Disease on Evergreen spindle?
1
Non pesticide
Removal and destruction of affected parts: Regular removal of affected leaves and shoots can help control the spread.

Improving air circulation: Pruning and spacing the plants in a way that will improve air circulation will reduce the disease's incidence.
2
Pesticide
Application of sulfur-based sprays: These can be utilized effectively during cooler temperatures.

Use of synthetic fungicides: When the infection is severe, systemic fungicides like myclobutanil or tebuconazole can be employed after consulting with a professional.
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Leaf blight
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf blight Disease on Evergreen spindle?
What is Leaf blight Disease on Evergreen spindle?
Leaf blight is a common disease that affects the overall health and appearance of Evergreen spindle. The disease, primarily caused by fungal pathogens, leaves the Evergreen spindle leaves discolored, wilting, and eventually falling off, significantly hampering the plant's growth and aesthetics.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Leaf blight on Evergreen spindle starts with dark, water-soaked spots on the leaves. These gradually expand into larger blighted areas, often surrounded by a yellow halo. As the disease progresses, leaves become discolored, wilt, and eventually fall off.
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Evergreen spindle?
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Evergreen spindle?
1
Fungi
Various fungal pathogens primarily cause leaf blight, with Alternaria, Helminthosporium, and Cercospora being the most common culprits.
2
Weather conditions
Humid and warm climates support fungi proliferation, increasing the chances of leaf blight on Evergreen spindle.
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Evergreen spindle?
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Evergreen spindle?
1
Non pesticide
Sanitation: Regular removal and disposal of fallen, affected leaves can help minimize the spread of the disease.

Pruning: Proper airflow can limit humidity, reducing fungal growth. Pruning Evergreen spindle encourages good airflow.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide application: Use of fungicides, such as mancozeb and chlorothalonil, can help control the spread of the disease.

Regular Spraying: Regularly spray these fungicides during the warm, rainy periods to suppress spore production and spread.
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Brown blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch Disease on Evergreen spindle?
What is Brown blotch Disease on Evergreen spindle?
Brown Spot is a fungal disease posing a significant threat to Evergreen spindle. It leads to the appearance of small brown spots on leaves which gradually enlarge, often causing premature leaf drop. The disease can considerably hamper Evergreen spindle's growth and aesthetic appeal.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Evergreen spindle infested with Brown Spot exhibit small, brown spots on the leaves which later enlarge and turn black. Infected leaves may also curl and subsequently fall off prematurely.
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Evergreen spindle?
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Evergreen spindle?
1
Fungal Pathogen
Cochliobolus miyabeanus
2
Environmental Conditions
High humidity, warm temperatures and wet weather facilitate fungus development and the disease spread.
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Evergreen spindle?
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Evergreen spindle?
1
Non pesticide
Frequent Monitoring: Regularly check Evergreen spindle for early signs of disease and remove affected parts.

Proper Spacing: Ensure adequate spacing between Evergreen spindle to facilitate air circulation and limit fungal spread.

Sanitation: Clean up fallen leaves and debris from underneath Evergreen spindle to eliminate fungus reservoirs.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Use approved fungicides to control the disease. Ensure to follow all labeled instructions.

Repeat applications: Depending on severity, repeat fungicide applications after a certain period.
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Caterpillars
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Caterpillars
Caterpillars are fleshy moth or butterfly larvae that come in an array of colors, patterns, and even hairstyles. They chew on leaves and flower petals, creating large, irregular holes.
Overview
Overview
Caterpillars can cause problems for home gardeners. If not managed, these insects can defoliate a plant in just a matter of days. However, home gardeners face a challenge because these caterpillars eventually turn into beautiful butterflies and moths, which are important for pollination and the general ecosystem.
There are thousands of different species of caterpillars and many will only target certain plants. If caterpillars are posing a problem, they can be removed by hand, or gardeners can use insect-proof netting to protect their valuable plants.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Caterpillars are the larvae of butterflies and moths. During the warmer months, butterflies and moths that visit gardens will lay their eggs on the underside of leaves.
When the tiny eggs hatch, the young larvae emerge and start feeding on the leaves of the plant. Depending on how many larvae have hatched, they can easily defoliate the plant in a very short period of time. Caterpillars will shed their skin as they grow, around 4 or 5 times during this feeding cycle.
Symptoms of caterpillars eating plants appear as holes in the leaves. The edges of the leaves may be eaten away as well, and flowers can be affected as well.
Some are easy to see, but others need to be searched for. This is because their bodies are often camouflaged to look like part of the plant. Gardeners need to look carefully along the stems of the plant as well as under the leaves. Also, look for tiny white, yellow, or brown eggs that can be found in groups on the underside of leaves.
Once the caterpillar is fully grown, it transforms into a pupa or chrysalis. Then, after a period of time that varies according to the species, a butterfly or moth will emerge from the pupa and the cycle begins again.
Solutions
Solutions
Even though caterpillars are diverse, they all chew on plant parts and can cause significant damage if present in large numbers.
For severe cases:
  1. Apply insecticide. For an organic solution, spray plants with a Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which specifically affects the larval stage of moths and butterflies. Be sure to coat plants, since caterpillars need to ingest Bt for it to be effective. This will not harm other insects.
  2. Spray a chili extract. Chili seeds can be cooked in water to make a spicy spray that caterpillars don't like. Spray this mixture on the plants, but be aware it will also be spicy to humans.
  3. Introduce beneficial insects. Release beneficial insects to the garden that eat caterpillars, such as parasitic wasps.
For less severe cases:
  1. Hand pick. Using gloves, pick off caterpillars on plants and dispose of them in a bucket of soapy water.
  2. Dust plants with diatomaceous earth. This powder is harmless to humans but irritates caterpillars. Therefore, it will make it difficult for caterpillars to move and eat.
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Underwatering yellow
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Underwatering yellow
A lack of water will cause the leaves to gradually turn yellow starting at the base of the branch while the entire plant appears to wilt.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Your plant’s leaves are turning yellow due to underwatering, the oldest leaves turn yellow first. Leaves yellow from the edges towards the middle. Other signs of underwatering include the soil feeling very dry or pulling away from the edge of its pot.
Solutions
Solutions
Your plant is very thirsty and needs water promptly.
  1. You can revive your plant by giving it water. The easiest technique is to slowly pour water into your plant’s soil so that the whole surface is moistened. If you pour the water too quickly, the water will flow directly through rather than diffusing throughout the soil. If your plant’s pot does not have drainage holes, do not give your plant more than about a third of the pot’s volume of water. If your plant’s pot does have drainage holes, you can add water slowly until the soil is thoroughly moistened and the water flows freely through the pot.
  2. If you trim off yellow leaves to improve the plant’s appearance, do not remove more than a third of the plant’s leaves. It may be better to wait until leaves have died and fallen off to remove them.
Prevention
Prevention
  1. When you get a new plant, research its specific watering needs. Set reminders so that you remember to water your plants consistently. Not all plants are the same, so make sure to differentiate all of your plants in your watering schedule.
  2. You may wish to purchase a commercial soil water meter which has a long probe that you place near your plant’s roots. Be sure to check it frequently and water your plant when the soil water meter indicates that it needs watering.
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Leaf deformity
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Leaf deformity
Leaf deformities can have a variety of causes.
Overview
Overview
Leaf deformity manifests in the form of curled, cupped, or distorted leaves, often first seen in the spring. There are a number of different possibilities as to the cause and it will not always be easy to isolate the problem without laboratory analysis. In the majority of cases, however, the gardener should be able to isolate the cause through close examination of the plant and the local conditions.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The plant has developed abnormal leaves. They may look similar to leaf curl, but show other problems such as:
  • stunting
  • abnormal shapes
  • a bumpy texture
  • gaps between leaf sections
  • raised growths on the top surface
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The causes are widespread and varied and the gardener will need to examine plants carefully as well as consider environmental factors.
Disease due to insect damage: Mites, aphids, and other insects that feast on plant leaves can leave them vulnerable to viral and bacterial disease. Some, like leaf galls and rust, produce distorted leaves. If the gardener sees insects on the plants, it is likely the insect is the culprit. Some mites are too small to see, and laboratory analysis may be required.
Herbicide exposure: Herbicides can stress plant leaves. This may lead to stunted growth and a curling, cupped appearance. Even if the plant owner didn't apply herbicides, herbicide drift and planting in contaminated soils can expose plants to these chemicals. If all plants in an area have deformed leaves, the cause is likely herbicides. Herbicide exposure is also characterized by narrow new leaves.
Less than ideal growing conditions: If plants are exposed to cold temperatures right as their leaves are coming out of the bud, they might become stunted and malformed. If deformed leaves occur right after a cold spell or frost, this is likely the cause. Too much and too little water can also cause deformed leaves. Leaves curling down but not distorting is more likely to be a watering issue than a leaf deformity.
Nutrient deficiencies: A lack of critical nutrients during the growing phase, including boron, calcium, and molybdenum, may lead plant leaves to grow stunted or disfigured. If a nutrient deficiency is to blame, the leaves will also show discoloring.
Fungal infections: a variety of fungal pathogens can distort leaves, as is the case with Peach leaf curl.
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Evergreen Spindle and Their Toxicity

Moderate Toxic to Humans
Moderate Toxic to Humans
All parts of the evergreen spindle are considered toxic if ingested in large quantities. Symptoms can range from mild to life-threatening including vomiting, weakness, diarrhea, chills, convulsions, and coma. Since these plants are commonly used as ornamental hedges, you should be mindful of any children who may encounter the plant, be attracted by its colorful leaves and flowers, and may be tempted to eat them.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Your pets like cats and dogs can be poisoned by them as well!
1
Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
It’s better to kill those growing around your house. Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages, and do not let your pets reach it;Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
7
If you take your pets to hike with you in the wild, please don’t let them eat any plants that you don’t know;
8
Once your pets eat, touch or inhale anything from toxic plants and act abnormally, please call the doctors for help ASAP!
pets
Pets
Some pets are less likely than children to eat and touch just about everything. This is good, as a pet owner. However, you know your pet best, and it is up to you to keep them safe. There are plenty of poisonous weeds that can grow within the confines of your lawn, which might make your dogs or cats ill or worse if they eat them. Try to have an idea of what toxic plants grow in your area and keep them under control and your pets away from them.
pets
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Everyone should keep the following in mind to prevent being poisoned:
1
Do not eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
If you need to kill it, wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages;
7
Wear properly when you hiking or working in the wilderness. Long pants, long sleeves, gloves, hiking shoes, etc., that protect you from being hurt by any plants;
8
Once you or your family aren’t feeling well after eating, touching or inhaling anything from toxic plants, please call your doctor for help ASAP!
Outdoor Workers
Outdoor Workers and Recreationalists
Those who enjoy the outdoors either as a hobby or as part of their work will rarely see a plant and decide to munch on it (although the scenario is not unheard of). However, they do tend to deal with moving through and brushing aside plants. These people are more at risk of being poisoned by touching toxic plants than by ingesting them.
Outdoor Workers
Foragers
Foragers
Foraging for food and medicinal plants is a desirable skill among people who want to feel at one with the land. This hobby can be very useful and enjoyable, but if done wrong , it can lead to disastrous effects. People who forage are picking and grabbing plants with the full intention of using those plants, most of the time to ingest them.
Foragers
Children
Children
While outdoor workers are more likely to touch poison and foragers are more likely to ingest poison, children can easily do both. These bundles of joy just love to run around and explore the world. They enjoy touching things and occasionally shoving random stuff in their mouth; this is a terrible combination with toxic plants in the mix.
If you let your children run about, it is important to know what are the local toxic plants that they could accidentally get into. Try to educate the children and steer them away from where the toxic plants are located.
Children
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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More About Evergreen Spindle

Plant Type
Plant Type
Shrub
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Spread
Spread
2 m
Bloom Time
Bloom Time
Spring, Early summer, Mid summer
Flower Color
Flower Color
White
Green
Leaf Color
Leaf Color
Green
Variegated
Flower Size
Flower Size
5 to 7 mm
Plant Height
Plant Height
2 to 8 m

Name story

Japanese spindle tree
In the Netherlands, many people call this plant spilboome meaning a spindle tree. Since the Dutch make spindles out of its timber and also that this plant is native to Japan, it is now called Japanese spindle tree.

Usages

Environmental Protection Value
It can purify air and has strong resistance to toxic gases.
Garden Use
Evergreen spindle is an evergreen shrub or small tree commonly found in gardens. It is prized for its pretty blossoms and rich foliage. Its compact shape makes it suitable for borders and hedges. Evergreen spindle is appropriate for Mediterranean and drought-tolerant gardens. It is also suitable for coastal gardens. Suggested companion plants include Coral Bells or Coneflowers for color contrast.
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Common Problems

Do all Euonymus lose their leaves?

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All deciduous species drop their leaves on fall and develop new leaves in the next spring while evergreen species drop some of their leaves in fall and retain most of them.

Can I hard prune evergreen spindle?

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Pruning is often practiced on the evergreen spindle grown for hedge formation in the landscapes. Medium to heavy pruning is advised if the purpose is to shape or topiary formation otherwise it goes well unpruned. Winter is considered as the best pruning and trimming time.
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Caring for a New Plant

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The following pictures and instructions for woody plant are aimed to help your plants adapt and thrive in a new environment.
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1
Picking a Healthy Woody Plant
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Check Its Health

part-image-bg part-image
Whole Plant
Symmetrical crown, evenly distributed branches, full and compact shape, no excessive growth, close internodes, and uniform leaf size.
part-image-bg part-image
Branches
The branches are not withered, and the trunk is free of boreholes or damage.
part-image-bg part-image
Leaves
Check the inside of the plant, shaded and overlapping areas, back of leaves. Even colour, no yellowing, no brown spots, no crawling insects, no cobwebs, no deformities, no wilting.
part-image-bg part-image
Stems
No mold, browning or soft rot at the base of the plant.
health-trouble

Health Troubleshooting

Whole Plant
trouble-image
more 1 Asymmetrical crown or missing, uneven branching: prune the weak and slender branches of the larger portion of the asymmetrical crown.
trouble-image
more 2 Internodes are longer in the upper part, leaves are sparse and smaller on top: increase light intensity or duration.
Branches
trouble-image
more 1 Dry branches: check if the branch is still alive by peeling back a small section of bark and trim away any dry branches. Watch out for signs of insect infestation inside the branch.
trouble-image
more 2 Bark with holes: inject insecticide into the holes and apply systemic insecticide to the roots.
trouble-image
more 3 Damaged bark: brush on a wound-healing agent, and avoid getting it wet.
Stems
trouble-image
Mildew, browning, or soft rot at the base: place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment and water with fungicide.
Leaves
trouble-image
more 1 Uneven leaf color and yellowing: prune yellow leaves and check if there are signs of rot at the base of the plant. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
trouble-image
more 2 Brown spots or small yellow spots: place the plant in a ventilated area and avoid watering the leaves. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
trouble-image
more 3 Tiny crawling insects on the back of leaves or spider webs between leaves: increase light exposure and spray with insecticide for severe cases.
trouble-image
more 4 Deformations or missing parts on leaves: determine if it's physical damage or pest infestation. Linear or tearing damage is physical, while the rest are pests. Spray with insecticide.
trouble-image
more 5 Wilting leaves: provide partial shade and avoid excessive sun exposure. Remove 1/3 to 1/2 of the leaves for severe cases.
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Check Its Growing Conditions

check
Soil Check
Soil should smell fresh like after a rain and no musty odor.
check
Light Check
Check the light requirement of the plant and if it match with planting location.
check
Temperature Check
Check if the current outdoor temperature is too low or too high.
condition-trouble

Condition Troubleshooting

check
Soil
Potting mix soil, Peat moss mix soil
Soil smells musty or foul: check the root system for decay, place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment, and water with fungicide.
check
Ideal Temperature
-10℃ to 35℃
Outdoor temperature is not suitable for the plant: wait until it's a more favorable temperature for growth.
check
Suitable Light
Full sun, Partial sun
Insufficient light: Lack of light can result in fewer leaves and branches, and prevent flowering. Move plant to sunnier spot if possible.
Transplant recovery: After 3 days without severe wilting, slowly increase light to normal levels over a week. If plant droops or sheds leaves, keep it in shade. Once wilting stops, give shade until the plant stands up again. Lots of yellowing and leaf loss mean the light is too low and needs to be increased.
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2
Adapting Your New Woody Plant
Step 1
condition-image
Repotting
Plant your plant promptly in its final location or in a new pot, if conditions are suitable. When transplanting, clean the roots of the plant and keep the root system intact. Prune any blackened or rotten roots, spread out a heavily tangled root system, and mix in some well-rotted organic fertilizer. Use permeable soil and water thoroughly after planting.
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Step 2
condition-image
Pruning
Remove yellow or diseased leaves immediately. If leaves are crowded and appear wilted or falling off, remove some of them. For bare-root plants, cut off at least half of the leaves. Pruning is not typically required.
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Step 3
condition-image
Watering
Increase watering in the first week to keep soil moist. Water when soil is slightly dry, for at least 2 weeks. Avoid over-watering. Do not water when there is water on your fingers after touching the soil.
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Step 4
condition-image
Fertilizing
Add a small amount of base fertilizer during transplanting or repotting. No other fertilizer needed for the first month.
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main-image
Evergreen Spindle
label-image
Repotting
Plant promptly in final location or new pot. Clean roots, use organic fertilizer, permeable soil, and water thoroughly.
label-image
Pruning
Cut off yellow or diseased leaves and crowded leaves that appear wilted or falling.
label-image
Watering
Water new plants more often for 2 weeks. Avoid over/under watering by checking the soil.
label-image
Fertilizing
Add base fertilizer during transplanting. No other fertilizer is needed for the first month.
label-image
Sunlight
Regular sun exposure for indoor plants. Shade after transplanting/repotting, then gradually increase light if there is no wilting. Increase light if yellowing and leaf drop occur.
label
main-image
Evergreen Spindle
label-image
Repotting
Plant promptly in final location or new pot. Clean roots, use organic fertilizer, permeable soil, and water thoroughly.
label-image
Pruning
Cut off yellow or diseased leaves and crowded leaves that appear wilted or falling.
label-image
Watering
Water new plants more often for 2 weeks. Avoid over/under watering by checking the soil.
label-image
Fertilizing
Add base fertilizer during transplanting. No other fertilizer is needed for the first month.
label-image
Sunlight
Regular sun exposure for indoor plants. Shade after transplanting/repotting, then gradually increase light if there is no wilting. Increase light if yellowing and leaf drop occur.
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About
Basic Care
Advanced Care
More About How-Tos
Seasonal Tips
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Toxicity
More Info
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Evergreen spindle
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Evergreen spindle
Evergreen spindle
Evergreen spindle

How to Care for Evergreen Spindle

Evergreen spindle(Euonymus japonicus) is a popular ornamental evergreen shrub with numerous cultivars. Due to its superb adaptability and decorative looks, evergreen spindle can be found in parks and gardens all over the world. Its flowers produce a lot of nectar, which makes this plant very attractive to bees.
symbolism

Symbolism

Foresight, mysticism
Water
Every 1-2 weeks
Water Water detail
Sunlight
Full sun
Sunlight Sunlight detail
Toxic to Humans
care_basic_guide

Basic Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterDetail

How to Water Evergreen spindle?

Cultivation:WaterDetail
Watering needs of evergreen spindle are critical during the first year of growing, once roots are established it becomes dependent on its roots for moisture absorption from the soil. Generally, evergreen spindle needs 1 mm of water per day in the initial growth stages that may increase up to 3 mm per day with the established plant whereas it is capable to evaporate excessive moisture in the atmosphere. On the other hand, it is capable of withstanding drought when fully developed. Watering in the winter climates is also critical to avoid early desiccation. So keep watering, not flooding your evergreen spindle.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail

How to Fertilize Evergreen spindle?

Cultivation:FertilizerDetail
Usually, evergreen spindle doesn’t need fertilizers for its growth and development but it can be added if you are growing for the purpose of hedging in the landscape gardening during the first year only. NPK(20:20:20) is a major essential nutrients fertilizer that can be added twice to the young plants, i.e. once in the spring and then in early winter. A general recommendation is 1 tablespoon per plant.
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Fertilizer

It can be somewhat easy for a novice gardener to overlook Evergreen spindle since these plants don't often produce showy flowers. However, the incredible leaf shapes and textures of Evergreen spindle plants can make them as ornamentally appealing as any other plant in your garden. Growing Evergreen spindle outdoors in your garden is not extremely difficult to do, but there are some insights that you must keep in mind while you care for this plant. Within your maintenance routine, correct fertilization will be crucial.
Regardless of which kind of Evergreen spindle you own, regular fertilization will help you grow a plant that has great overall health. The proper supply of nutrients leads to more vigorous growth and can help your Evergreen spindle be more resilient to tough growing conditions while also gaining a better ability to fight off diseases and pests. The foliage of your Evergreen spindle is one of its most attractive features, which is why you should do all you can to keep it intact. Again, this means creating and adhering to a regular fertilization schedule that is specific to your Evergreen spindle. Doing so will prompt your Evergreen spindle to develop leaves with a deep color and a lush overall look.
The first time that you should fertilize your Evergreen spindle is during the late winter or early spring. This type of fertilization gives your Evergreen spindle all the nutrients it needs to resume healthy growth once the weather gets warm enough. It is also beneficial to many Evergreen spindle to provide an additional fertilizer feeding during early fall if you in a warm climate region. Fertilizing in early fall not only adds additional nutrients to the soil, which your Evergreen spindle will use in the following growing season, but it also helps your Evergreen spindle be a bit more hardy and capable of surviving the winter cold without experiencing foliage damage. Earlier fertilisation will ensure that the new branches have enough time to grow to withstand the cold winter.
In most cases, the most important nutrient for a Evergreen spindle is nitrogen, but that does not mean that phosphorus and potassium are unimportant. On the contrary, your Evergreen spindle likely needs a decent amount of all three main nutrients, which is why a balanced fertilizer, such as a 10-10-10, can work well. However, a more nuanced ratio of nutrients often leads to optimal growth for a Evergreen spindle. Often, fertilizers that are a bit higher in nitrogen work a bit better. For example, a ratio of 10-6-4 can often work well. When fertilizing, you can use a granular fertilizer or a liquid-based one. At times, a Evergreen spindle may also need
To fertilize your Evergreen spindle using a granular fertilizer, all you need to do is sprinkle the fertilizer on the soil at the correct time. The slow-release nature of granular fertilizer will release nutrients into the soil slowly over time. As is usually the case, it's best to water your Evergreen spindle, at least lightly, before applying fertilizer. As an alternative, you can use a liquid fertilizer, but this is less common. To use this approach, mix your fertilizer with water, then pour the water onto the soil around the base of your Evergreen spindle. At times, it is beneficial to perform a soil test before fertilizing to see if you will need to alter the pH at all.
Overfertilization is always a risk when you are feeding a Evergreen spindle. Overfertilization is especially likely if you feed this plant at the wrong time of year, feed it too often, or feed it without watering the soil first. When overfertilization takes place, your Evergreen spindle may begin to develop brown leaves. Your Evergreen spindle can also show stunted growth in some cases. On the other hand, it is also possible that too much fertilizer can prompt your Evergreen spindle to rapidly produce too much new growth, much of which will be weak and prone to breaking. Weak new wood can also detract from the overall form and structure of your Evergreen spindle.
There are a few times during the year when you should not fertilize your Evergreen spindle. The first time occurs during the early and mid-winter months, during which time your Evergreen spindle will be dormant and in no need of feeding. It is also unwise to fertilize this plant during the late spring and all of the summer. During that time of year, the weather will likely be hotter and can be much dryer as well. Both conditions make it more likely that your Evergreen spindle will have a very negative response to fertilization. To avoid such issues, stick to a fertilization schedule that involves feeding exclusively during early spring and early fall.
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Why do I need to fertilize my Evergreen spindle?
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Cultivation:SunlightDetail

What Are the Sunlight Requirements for Evergreen spindle?

Cultivation:SunlightDetail
Overall Euonymus varieties need diverse sun exposures, such as bigger trees and giant shrubs require more sun. Some ground cover species need a part and full shades, while some creeping species reach up to the foliage of the host plant foliage to acquire light as their need. They are medium shade tolerant.
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Cultivation:PruningDetail

How to Prune Evergreen spindle?

Cultivation:PruningDetail
Pruning is often practiced on the evergreen spindle grown for hedge formation in the landscapes. Medium to heavy pruning is advised if the purpose is to shape or topiary formation otherwise it goes well unpruned. Winter is the best pruning and trimming time for the evergreen spindle other than evergreen shrubs.
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Advanced Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail

What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Evergreen spindle?

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail
Dry cold winds are not favored for the growth of evergreen spindle, as it prefers warmer temperatures for its optimum growth potential. The annual day temperature should range between 12 to 20 ℃ whereas night temperatures range is between 4 to 12 ℃. It is fairly tolerant of freezing temperatures in the winter and less tolerant of heat. In addition, evergreen spindle has average water needs. It needs water regularly but overwatering is inappropriate.
What is the optimal temperature for Evergreen spindle?
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Should I adjust the temperature for Evergreen spindle during different growing phases?
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How can I keep Evergreen spindle warm in cold seasons?
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What damage will Evergreen spindle suffer if the temperature is too high/low?
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Cultivation:SoilDetail

What Soil is Best for Evergreen spindle?

Cultivation:SoilDetail
Evergreen spindle is adaptable from poor to rich soil with medium water holding capacity that is well-drained and aerated. Damp calcareous soils equally favor its growth including compact and dry soils. It is also adaptable to a variety of soil pH where it can successfully grow in acidic to high alkali soils of varying pH ranging from 5.6-7.2. Evergreen spindle can also grow in swamplands, bottomland hardwood forests, thickets and slopes near or on the stream banks. When it becomes fully established, it is exceptionally drought tolerant.
Cultivation:PlantingDetail

How to Plant Evergreen spindle?

Cultivation:PlantingDetail
Planting is done through digging a pit of suitable size at the selected location in the garden that is well aerated and suits the needs of the variety being planted. Dig a pit double the size (in-depth and width) of the pot carrying your plant. Remove all garden soil out of the pit to make an even surface for planting.
Add 5 to 8 cm of the similar garden soil into the pit that was previously removed before placing your plant into the pit, gently. Fill in the pit with remaining garden soil to the surface of the garden soil. Water frequently till the newly added soil becomes settled into the pit.
Keep on watering for the initial 4-5 days and add more garden soil to the desired pit level as needed. Water your plants during the first year of growth regularly until it establishes its root system. The spacing of evergreen spindle to establish hedges is recommended 1 to 1.3 m apart while spacing for the shrubs or small trees is often observed from 2.5 to 3 m apart.
PlantCare:TransplantSummary

How to Transplant Evergreen spindle?

PlantCare:TransplantSummary
For optimal growth, transplant evergreen spindle during the perfect window of late spring to mid-summer, as warmer weather encourages strong root establishment. Choose a location that fulfills the plant's partial sun and well-drained soil requirements, and remember to water it well post-transplant.
Cultivation:PottingSuggestions

How to Repot Evergreen spindle?

Cultivation:PottingSuggestions
Needs excellent drainage in pots. Choose the size of the basin according to the shape of the tree.
care_seasonal_tips

Seasonal Care Tips

seasonal-tip

Seasonal Precautions

Maintain a check on the regular watering of the newly established plants. Look for any possible signs of diseases or common pests in your area. Mulch your evergreen spindle if temperatures are getting to high to conserve moisture. Remove any undesired plant debris and weeds from the gardening space. In case of severe freezing, make necessary arrangements to save your plants from frost injuries.
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Spring

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Summer

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Fall

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Winter

This plant and other temperate fruiting trees and shrubs require care in the early spring.

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1
Prune back old growth but wait until after the last frost.
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2
Spring is also the best time for planting, but do not fertilize new plants. Mature specimens will benefit from a monthly application of organic fertilizer.
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3
Water the plant deeply every couple of weeks.
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4
Container plants require sunlight in the spring. Move the container to a location receiving several hours of sunlight a day.

Fruiting temperate trees and shrubs like this plant benefit from care during the summer.

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1
A monthly application of organic fertilizer throughout the summer helps to support growth and encourage fruiting.
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2
Keep an eye on soil moisture, watering whenever the soil is beginning to dry out.
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3
Remove any dead and dying leaves from the plant and around the base to help avoid issues with pests and diseases.
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4
Prune back old growth to help avoid potential issues with broken branches.
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5
Move container plants to a partially shady location if they are in a consistently sunny area.

You should provide frequent care to your plant throughout the fall.

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1
Up until your plant reaches dormancy in the cold winter months, continue to water it in cases of little to no rainfall to ensure the soil stays moist and the plant stays productive.
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2
Make sure it received plenty of direct sun as well.
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3
Fertilize it once at the beginning of fall, with a citrus fertilizer, then stop fertilizing and pruning during this season, especially as winter approaches. This will help your plant enter winter dormancy more easily.
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4
Rake up any fallen fall foliage to deter pests and diseases, as bacteria can easily grow in the fallen leaves at the base of the plant.

While your plant is dormant in the winter, let it rest. You’ll need to provide only minimal care at this time.

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1
Water your plant infrequently, providing it with water it only after the soil dries out to avoid waking it up.
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2
At the very end of winter, before new growth begins, prune away dead, diseased, or overcrowded branches to jumpstart fresh growth in the spring.
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3
If you have a potted variety, you can overwinter it indoors in bright sunlight, and you can possibly enjoy the harvest from your plant throughout the season.
care_pet_and_diseases

Common Pests & Diseases

Common issues for Evergreen spindle based on 10 million real cases
Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew Powdery mildew Powdery mildew
Powdery mildew is a widespread fungal disease, causing visible white or gray powder-like growth on the foliage of Evergreen spindle. It severely affects the plant's health, leading to aesthetic impairment, damaged shoots, and decreased vitality.
Learn More About the Powdery mildew more
Leaf blight
Leaf blight Leaf blight Leaf blight
Leaf blight is a common disease that affects the overall health and appearance of Evergreen spindle. The disease, primarily caused by fungal pathogens, leaves the Evergreen spindle leaves discolored, wilting, and eventually falling off, significantly hampering the plant's growth and aesthetics.
Learn More About the Leaf blight more
Brown blotch
Brown blotch Brown blotch Brown blotch
Brown Spot is a fungal disease posing a significant threat to Evergreen spindle. It leads to the appearance of small brown spots on leaves which gradually enlarge, often causing premature leaf drop. The disease can considerably hamper Evergreen spindle's growth and aesthetic appeal.
Learn More About the Brown blotch more
Caterpillars
Caterpillars Caterpillars Caterpillars
Caterpillars are fleshy moth or butterfly larvae that come in an array of colors, patterns, and even hairstyles. They chew on leaves and flower petals, creating large, irregular holes.
Solutions: Even though caterpillars are diverse, they all chew on plant parts and can cause significant damage if present in large numbers. For severe cases: Apply insecticide. For an organic solution, spray plants with a Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which specifically affects the larval stage of moths and butterflies. Be sure to coat plants, since caterpillars need to ingest Bt for it to be effective. This will not harm other insects. Spray a chili extract. Chili seeds can be cooked in water to make a spicy spray that caterpillars don't like. Spray this mixture on the plants, but be aware it will also be spicy to humans. Introduce beneficial insects. Release beneficial insects to the garden that eat caterpillars, such as parasitic wasps. For less severe cases: Hand pick. Using gloves, pick off caterpillars on plants and dispose of them in a bucket of soapy water. Dust plants with diatomaceous earth. This powder is harmless to humans but irritates caterpillars. Therefore, it will make it difficult for caterpillars to move and eat.
Learn More About the Caterpillars more
Underwatering yellow
Underwatering yellow Underwatering yellow Underwatering yellow
A lack of water will cause the leaves to gradually turn yellow starting at the base of the branch while the entire plant appears to wilt.
Solutions: Your plant is very thirsty and needs water promptly. You can revive your plant by giving it water. The easiest technique is to slowly pour water into your plant’s soil so that the whole surface is moistened. If you pour the water too quickly, the water will flow directly through rather than diffusing throughout the soil. If your plant’s pot does not have drainage holes, do not give your plant more than about a third of the pot’s volume of water. If your plant’s pot does have drainage holes, you can add water slowly until the soil is thoroughly moistened and the water flows freely through the pot. If you trim off yellow leaves to improve the plant’s appearance, do not remove more than a third of the plant’s leaves. It may be better to wait until leaves have died and fallen off to remove them.
Learn More About the Underwatering yellow more
Leaf deformity
Leaf deformity Leaf deformity Leaf deformity
Leaf deformities can have a variety of causes.
Solutions: Follow these steps to revive plants with abnormal leaves. Remove damaged leaves: Plants can recover from damage when given the time to do so. Remove any deformed leaves so they don't continue drawing energy from the plant. This also creates room for healthier ones to grow. Stop using herbicide: Though herbicide damage is challenging to diagnose, gardeners can potentially prevent deformed leaves by not using any and by strictly following manufacturers instructions. Spray insecticide: Prevent pests from inhabiting plant leaves by spraying with insecticide regularly and practicing good natural pest prevention techniques. Apply a balanced fertilizer: Solve nutrient deficiencies and excesses by using a well-balanced fertilizer (organic or conventional both work) before planting, and consider topdressing when signs of stress are apparent. Fix watering schedule: If plant leaves are curled downward due to too much or too little water, adjust the watering schedule so the soil is moist, but not damp. Remove infected plants: If the plant has succumbed to a viral infection, not much can be done to revive it. Remove and destroy all compromised plant material to prevent spread to other plants.
Learn More About the Leaf deformity more
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Powdery mildew
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Powdery mildew Disease on Evergreen spindle?
What is Powdery mildew Disease on Evergreen spindle?
Powdery mildew is a widespread fungal disease, causing visible white or gray powder-like growth on the foliage of Evergreen spindle. It severely affects the plant's health, leading to aesthetic impairment, damaged shoots, and decreased vitality.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Evergreen spindle infected with powdery mildew presents a distinctive white to gray powdery growth on its leaf surfaces, shoots, and sometimes fruits. Over time, the foliage may turn yellow and fall prematurely. Severe infections can lead to distorted or stunted growth.
What Causes Powdery mildew Disease on Evergreen spindle?
What Causes Powdery mildew Disease on Evergreen spindle?
1
Pathogen
Erysiphe euonymi-japonici is the specific fungus causing powdery mildew on Evergreen spindle.
2
Environmental factors
The disease thrives in shaded areas, on juvenile leaves, and during dry, warm conditions with high relative humidity.
How to Treat Powdery mildew Disease on Evergreen spindle?
How to Treat Powdery mildew Disease on Evergreen spindle?
1
Non pesticide
Removal and destruction of affected parts: Regular removal of affected leaves and shoots can help control the spread.

Improving air circulation: Pruning and spacing the plants in a way that will improve air circulation will reduce the disease's incidence.
2
Pesticide
Application of sulfur-based sprays: These can be utilized effectively during cooler temperatures.

Use of synthetic fungicides: When the infection is severe, systemic fungicides like myclobutanil or tebuconazole can be employed after consulting with a professional.
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Leaf blight
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf blight Disease on Evergreen spindle?
What is Leaf blight Disease on Evergreen spindle?
Leaf blight is a common disease that affects the overall health and appearance of Evergreen spindle. The disease, primarily caused by fungal pathogens, leaves the Evergreen spindle leaves discolored, wilting, and eventually falling off, significantly hampering the plant's growth and aesthetics.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Leaf blight on Evergreen spindle starts with dark, water-soaked spots on the leaves. These gradually expand into larger blighted areas, often surrounded by a yellow halo. As the disease progresses, leaves become discolored, wilt, and eventually fall off.
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Evergreen spindle?
What Causes Leaf blight Disease on Evergreen spindle?
1
Fungi
Various fungal pathogens primarily cause leaf blight, with Alternaria, Helminthosporium, and Cercospora being the most common culprits.
2
Weather conditions
Humid and warm climates support fungi proliferation, increasing the chances of leaf blight on Evergreen spindle.
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Evergreen spindle?
How to Treat Leaf blight Disease on Evergreen spindle?
1
Non pesticide
Sanitation: Regular removal and disposal of fallen, affected leaves can help minimize the spread of the disease.

Pruning: Proper airflow can limit humidity, reducing fungal growth. Pruning Evergreen spindle encourages good airflow.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide application: Use of fungicides, such as mancozeb and chlorothalonil, can help control the spread of the disease.

Regular Spraying: Regularly spray these fungicides during the warm, rainy periods to suppress spore production and spread.
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Brown blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Brown blotch Disease on Evergreen spindle?
What is Brown blotch Disease on Evergreen spindle?
Brown Spot is a fungal disease posing a significant threat to Evergreen spindle. It leads to the appearance of small brown spots on leaves which gradually enlarge, often causing premature leaf drop. The disease can considerably hamper Evergreen spindle's growth and aesthetic appeal.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Evergreen spindle infested with Brown Spot exhibit small, brown spots on the leaves which later enlarge and turn black. Infected leaves may also curl and subsequently fall off prematurely.
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Evergreen spindle?
What Causes Brown blotch Disease on Evergreen spindle?
1
Fungal Pathogen
Cochliobolus miyabeanus
2
Environmental Conditions
High humidity, warm temperatures and wet weather facilitate fungus development and the disease spread.
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Evergreen spindle?
How to Treat Brown blotch Disease on Evergreen spindle?
1
Non pesticide
Frequent Monitoring: Regularly check Evergreen spindle for early signs of disease and remove affected parts.

Proper Spacing: Ensure adequate spacing between Evergreen spindle to facilitate air circulation and limit fungal spread.

Sanitation: Clean up fallen leaves and debris from underneath Evergreen spindle to eliminate fungus reservoirs.
2
Pesticide
Fungicides: Use approved fungicides to control the disease. Ensure to follow all labeled instructions.

Repeat applications: Depending on severity, repeat fungicide applications after a certain period.
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Caterpillars
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Caterpillars
Caterpillars are fleshy moth or butterfly larvae that come in an array of colors, patterns, and even hairstyles. They chew on leaves and flower petals, creating large, irregular holes.
Overview
Overview
Caterpillars can cause problems for home gardeners. If not managed, these insects can defoliate a plant in just a matter of days. However, home gardeners face a challenge because these caterpillars eventually turn into beautiful butterflies and moths, which are important for pollination and the general ecosystem.
There are thousands of different species of caterpillars and many will only target certain plants. If caterpillars are posing a problem, they can be removed by hand, or gardeners can use insect-proof netting to protect their valuable plants.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Caterpillars are the larvae of butterflies and moths. During the warmer months, butterflies and moths that visit gardens will lay their eggs on the underside of leaves.
When the tiny eggs hatch, the young larvae emerge and start feeding on the leaves of the plant. Depending on how many larvae have hatched, they can easily defoliate the plant in a very short period of time. Caterpillars will shed their skin as they grow, around 4 or 5 times during this feeding cycle.
Symptoms of caterpillars eating plants appear as holes in the leaves. The edges of the leaves may be eaten away as well, and flowers can be affected as well.
Some are easy to see, but others need to be searched for. This is because their bodies are often camouflaged to look like part of the plant. Gardeners need to look carefully along the stems of the plant as well as under the leaves. Also, look for tiny white, yellow, or brown eggs that can be found in groups on the underside of leaves.
Once the caterpillar is fully grown, it transforms into a pupa or chrysalis. Then, after a period of time that varies according to the species, a butterfly or moth will emerge from the pupa and the cycle begins again.
Solutions
Solutions
Even though caterpillars are diverse, they all chew on plant parts and can cause significant damage if present in large numbers.
For severe cases:
  1. Apply insecticide. For an organic solution, spray plants with a Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which specifically affects the larval stage of moths and butterflies. Be sure to coat plants, since caterpillars need to ingest Bt for it to be effective. This will not harm other insects.
  2. Spray a chili extract. Chili seeds can be cooked in water to make a spicy spray that caterpillars don't like. Spray this mixture on the plants, but be aware it will also be spicy to humans.
  3. Introduce beneficial insects. Release beneficial insects to the garden that eat caterpillars, such as parasitic wasps.
For less severe cases:
  1. Hand pick. Using gloves, pick off caterpillars on plants and dispose of them in a bucket of soapy water.
  2. Dust plants with diatomaceous earth. This powder is harmless to humans but irritates caterpillars. Therefore, it will make it difficult for caterpillars to move and eat.
Prevention
Prevention
Prevention may require less effort than attempts to eradicate infestations that have already begun. Here are our top steps for prevention:
  1. Monitor plants. Check plants regularly for caterpillar eggs on leaves. If they do not belong to an endangered species, they should be squished.
  2. Use insect netting. Cover plants with insect netting to prevent butterflies and moths from laying eggs on plants.
  3. Apply diatomaceous earth. Apply DE to plants early in the season and reapply after rain.
  4. Encourage plant diversity. This will attract predatory insects including parasitic wasps.
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Underwatering yellow
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Underwatering yellow
A lack of water will cause the leaves to gradually turn yellow starting at the base of the branch while the entire plant appears to wilt.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Your plant’s leaves are turning yellow due to underwatering, the oldest leaves turn yellow first. Leaves yellow from the edges towards the middle. Other signs of underwatering include the soil feeling very dry or pulling away from the edge of its pot.
Solutions
Solutions
Your plant is very thirsty and needs water promptly.
  1. You can revive your plant by giving it water. The easiest technique is to slowly pour water into your plant’s soil so that the whole surface is moistened. If you pour the water too quickly, the water will flow directly through rather than diffusing throughout the soil. If your plant’s pot does not have drainage holes, do not give your plant more than about a third of the pot’s volume of water. If your plant’s pot does have drainage holes, you can add water slowly until the soil is thoroughly moistened and the water flows freely through the pot.
  2. If you trim off yellow leaves to improve the plant’s appearance, do not remove more than a third of the plant’s leaves. It may be better to wait until leaves have died and fallen off to remove them.
Prevention
Prevention
  1. When you get a new plant, research its specific watering needs. Set reminders so that you remember to water your plants consistently. Not all plants are the same, so make sure to differentiate all of your plants in your watering schedule.
  2. You may wish to purchase a commercial soil water meter which has a long probe that you place near your plant’s roots. Be sure to check it frequently and water your plant when the soil water meter indicates that it needs watering.
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Leaf deformity
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Leaf deformity
Leaf deformities can have a variety of causes.
Overview
Overview
Leaf deformity manifests in the form of curled, cupped, or distorted leaves, often first seen in the spring. There are a number of different possibilities as to the cause and it will not always be easy to isolate the problem without laboratory analysis. In the majority of cases, however, the gardener should be able to isolate the cause through close examination of the plant and the local conditions.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The plant has developed abnormal leaves. They may look similar to leaf curl, but show other problems such as:
  • stunting
  • abnormal shapes
  • a bumpy texture
  • gaps between leaf sections
  • raised growths on the top surface
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The causes are widespread and varied and the gardener will need to examine plants carefully as well as consider environmental factors.
Disease due to insect damage: Mites, aphids, and other insects that feast on plant leaves can leave them vulnerable to viral and bacterial disease. Some, like leaf galls and rust, produce distorted leaves. If the gardener sees insects on the plants, it is likely the insect is the culprit. Some mites are too small to see, and laboratory analysis may be required.
Herbicide exposure: Herbicides can stress plant leaves. This may lead to stunted growth and a curling, cupped appearance. Even if the plant owner didn't apply herbicides, herbicide drift and planting in contaminated soils can expose plants to these chemicals. If all plants in an area have deformed leaves, the cause is likely herbicides. Herbicide exposure is also characterized by narrow new leaves.
Less than ideal growing conditions: If plants are exposed to cold temperatures right as their leaves are coming out of the bud, they might become stunted and malformed. If deformed leaves occur right after a cold spell or frost, this is likely the cause. Too much and too little water can also cause deformed leaves. Leaves curling down but not distorting is more likely to be a watering issue than a leaf deformity.
Nutrient deficiencies: A lack of critical nutrients during the growing phase, including boron, calcium, and molybdenum, may lead plant leaves to grow stunted or disfigured. If a nutrient deficiency is to blame, the leaves will also show discoloring.
Fungal infections: a variety of fungal pathogens can distort leaves, as is the case with Peach leaf curl.
Solutions
Solutions
Follow these steps to revive plants with abnormal leaves.
  1. Remove damaged leaves: Plants can recover from damage when given the time to do so. Remove any deformed leaves so they don't continue drawing energy from the plant. This also creates room for healthier ones to grow.
  2. Stop using herbicide: Though herbicide damage is challenging to diagnose, gardeners can potentially prevent deformed leaves by not using any and by strictly following manufacturers instructions.
  3. Spray insecticide: Prevent pests from inhabiting plant leaves by spraying with insecticide regularly and practicing good natural pest prevention techniques.
  4. Apply a balanced fertilizer: Solve nutrient deficiencies and excesses by using a well-balanced fertilizer (organic or conventional both work) before planting, and consider topdressing when signs of stress are apparent.
  5. Fix watering schedule: If plant leaves are curled downward due to too much or too little water, adjust the watering schedule so the soil is moist, but not damp.
  6. Remove infected plants: If the plant has succumbed to a viral infection, not much can be done to revive it. Remove and destroy all compromised plant material to prevent spread to other plants.
Prevention
Prevention
  1. Fertilize properly. Keep your plants full of essential nutrients with a balanced fertilizer.
  2. Regularly monitor for pests. Remove all pests by hand or treat them with an insecticide. Early discovery and treatment will prevent the spread of pests and diseases.
  3. Provide the proper amount of water. Water until the soil is moist, but not damp. Only once the soil dries out, should the plant be watered again.
  4. Protect plants from cold. Bring plants indoors or protect them with frost cloth when bad weather is forecast.
  5. Avoid herbicide exposure. If the gardener or surrounding neighbors are applying herbicides, consider moving vulnerable plants to where they are less exposed to any chemicals that may be carried on the wind.
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Evergreen Spindle and Their Toxicity

* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
Moderate Toxic to Humans
All parts of the evergreen spindle are considered toxic if ingested in large quantities. Symptoms can range from mild to life-threatening including vomiting, weakness, diarrhea, chills, convulsions, and coma. Since these plants are commonly used as ornamental hedges, you should be mindful of any children who may encounter the plant, be attracted by its colorful leaves and flowers, and may be tempted to eat them.
More Info About Toxicity
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Your pets like cats and dogs can be poisoned by them as well!
1
Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
It’s better to kill those growing around your house. Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages, and do not let your pets reach it;Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
7
If you take your pets to hike with you in the wild, please don’t let them eat any plants that you don’t know;
8
Once your pets eat, touch or inhale anything from toxic plants and act abnormally, please call the doctors for help ASAP!
pets
Pets
Some pets are less likely than children to eat and touch just about everything. This is good, as a pet owner. However, you know your pet best, and it is up to you to keep them safe. There are plenty of poisonous weeds that can grow within the confines of your lawn, which might make your dogs or cats ill or worse if they eat them. Try to have an idea of what toxic plants grow in your area and keep them under control and your pets away from them.
pets
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Everyone should keep the following in mind to prevent being poisoned:
1
Do not eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
If you need to kill it, wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages;
7
Wear properly when you hiking or working in the wilderness. Long pants, long sleeves, gloves, hiking shoes, etc., that protect you from being hurt by any plants;
8
Once you or your family aren’t feeling well after eating, touching or inhaling anything from toxic plants, please call your doctor for help ASAP!
Outdoor Workers
Outdoor Workers and Recreationalists
Those who enjoy the outdoors either as a hobby or as part of their work will rarely see a plant and decide to munch on it (although the scenario is not unheard of). However, they do tend to deal with moving through and brushing aside plants. These people are more at risk of being poisoned by touching toxic plants than by ingesting them.
Outdoor Workers
Foragers
Foragers
Foraging for food and medicinal plants is a desirable skill among people who want to feel at one with the land. This hobby can be very useful and enjoyable, but if done wrong , it can lead to disastrous effects. People who forage are picking and grabbing plants with the full intention of using those plants, most of the time to ingest them.
Foragers
Children
Children
While outdoor workers are more likely to touch poison and foragers are more likely to ingest poison, children can easily do both. These bundles of joy just love to run around and explore the world. They enjoy touching things and occasionally shoving random stuff in their mouth; this is a terrible combination with toxic plants in the mix.
If you let your children run about, it is important to know what are the local toxic plants that they could accidentally get into. Try to educate the children and steer them away from where the toxic plants are located.
Children
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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More About Evergreen Spindle

Plant Type
Plant Type
Shrub
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Spread
Spread
2 m
Bloom Time
Bloom Time
Spring, Early summer, Mid summer
Flower Color
Flower Color
White
Green
Leaf Color
Leaf Color
Green
Variegated
Flower Size
Flower Size
5 to 7 mm
Plant Height
Plant Height
2 to 8 m

Name story

Japanese spindle tree
In the Netherlands, many people call this plant spilboome meaning a spindle tree. Since the Dutch make spindles out of its timber and also that this plant is native to Japan, it is now called Japanese spindle tree.

Usages

Environmental Protection Value
It can purify air and has strong resistance to toxic gases.
Garden Use
Evergreen spindle is an evergreen shrub or small tree commonly found in gardens. It is prized for its pretty blossoms and rich foliage. Its compact shape makes it suitable for borders and hedges. Evergreen spindle is appropriate for Mediterranean and drought-tolerant gardens. It is also suitable for coastal gardens. Suggested companion plants include Coral Bells or Coneflowers for color contrast.
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Common Problems

Do all Euonymus lose their leaves?

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All deciduous species drop their leaves on fall and develop new leaves in the next spring while evergreen species drop some of their leaves in fall and retain most of them.

Can I hard prune evergreen spindle?

more more
Pruning is often practiced on the evergreen spindle grown for hedge formation in the landscapes. Medium to heavy pruning is advised if the purpose is to shape or topiary formation otherwise it goes well unpruned. Winter is considered as the best pruning and trimming time.
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Caring for a New Plant

new-plant
The following pictures and instructions for woody plant are aimed to help your plants adapt and thrive in a new environment.
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1
Picking a Healthy Woody Plant
check-health

Check Its Health

part
Whole Plant
Symmetrical crown, evenly distributed branches, full and compact shape, no excessive growth, close internodes, and uniform leaf size.
part
Branches
The branches are not withered, and the trunk is free of boreholes or damage.
more
Leaves
Check the inside of the plant, shaded and overlapping areas, back of leaves. Even colour, no yellowing, no brown spots, no crawling insects, no cobwebs, no deformities, no wilting.
more
Stems
No mold, browning or soft rot at the base of the plant.
health-trouble

Health Troubleshooting

Whole Plant
Branches
Stems
Leaves
more
more 1 Asymmetrical crown or missing, uneven branching: prune the weak and slender branches of the larger portion of the asymmetrical crown.
more
more 2 Internodes are longer in the upper part, leaves are sparse and smaller on top: increase light intensity or duration.
more
more 1 Dry branches: check if the branch is still alive by peeling back a small section of bark and trim away any dry branches. Watch out for signs of insect infestation inside the branch.
more
more 2 Bark with holes: inject insecticide into the holes and apply systemic insecticide to the roots.
more
more 3 Damaged bark: brush on a wound-healing agent, and avoid getting it wet.
more
Mildew, browning, or soft rot at the base: place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment and water with fungicide.
more
more 1 Uneven leaf color and yellowing: prune yellow leaves and check if there are signs of rot at the base of the plant. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
more
more 2 Brown spots or small yellow spots: place the plant in a ventilated area and avoid watering the leaves. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
more
more 3 Tiny crawling insects on the back of leaves or spider webs between leaves: increase light exposure and spray with insecticide for severe cases.
more
more 4 Deformations or missing parts on leaves: determine if it's physical damage or pest infestation. Linear or tearing damage is physical, while the rest are pests. Spray with insecticide.
more
more 5 Wilting leaves: provide partial shade and avoid excessive sun exposure. Remove 1/3 to 1/2 of the leaves for severe cases.
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Check Its Growing Conditions

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Soil Check
Soil should smell fresh like after a rain and no musty odor.
more
Light Check
Check the light requirement of the plant and if it match with planting location.
more
Temperature Check
Check if the current outdoor temperature is too low or too high.
condition-trouble

Condition Troubleshooting

Soil
Ideal Temperature
Suitable Light
check
Potting mix soil, Peat moss mix soil
Soil
Soil smells musty or foul: check the root system for decay, place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment, and water with fungicide.
check
-10℃ to 35℃
Ideal Temperature
Outdoor temperature is not suitable for the plant: wait until it's a more favorable temperature for growth.
check
Full sun, Partial sun
Suitable Light
Insufficient light: Lack of light can result in fewer leaves and branches, and prevent flowering. Move plant to sunnier spot if possible.
Transplant recovery: After 3 days without severe wilting, slowly increase light to normal levels over a week. If plant droops or sheds leaves, keep it in shade. Once wilting stops, give shade until the plant stands up again. Lots of yellowing and leaf loss mean the light is too low and needs to be increased.
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2
Adapting Your New Woody Plant
Step 1
condition-image
Repotting
Plant your plant promptly in its final location or in a new pot, if conditions are suitable. When transplanting, clean the roots of the plant and keep the root system intact. Prune any blackened or rotten roots, spread out a heavily tangled root system, and mix in some well-rotted organic fertilizer. Use permeable soil and water thoroughly after planting.
Step 2
condition-image
Pruning
Remove yellow or diseased leaves immediately. If leaves are crowded and appear wilted or falling off, remove some of them. For bare-root plants, cut off at least half of the leaves. Pruning is not typically required.
Step 3
condition-image
Watering
Increase watering in the first week to keep soil moist. Water when soil is slightly dry, for at least 2 weeks. Avoid over-watering. Do not water when there is water on your fingers after touching the soil.
Step 4
condition-image
Fertilizing
Add a small amount of base fertilizer during transplanting or repotting. No other fertilizer needed for the first month.
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Evergreen Spindle Watering Instructions
Evergreen spindle is native to East Asia, particularly Japan and Korea. It grows in a variety of habitats, including forests, thickets, and rocky slopes. The plant prefers well-drained soil and is adaptable to a wide range of moisture levels. However, in its native environment, it typically receives moderate rainfall and experiences high humidity. Therefore, it benefits from regular watering to maintain moist soil, but not waterlogged conditions, in order to best replicate its natural habitat.
When Should I Water My Evergreen Spindle?
Introduction
Proper and timely watering plays a crucial role in maintaining the overall health and development of the evergreen spindle. It contributes to its optimal growth, vibrant foliage, and resistance against diseases. Therefore, understanding the appropriate signals indicating when the plant should be watered is essential.
Soil Moisture
The moisture level of the soil is a reliable indicator of when evergreen spindle needs water. Insert your finger into the soil, about 1 to 2 inches deep. If it feels dry at this depth, it is the right time to water the plant.
Wilting Leaves
If the leaves of evergreen spindle appear wilted or droopy, it indicates that the plant requires watering. Check for signs of wilting, such as leaves losing their turgidity and becoming limp. Prompt watering can help revive the plant's vigor.
Leaf Color Change
A change in leaf color can indicate the need for water. If the leaves of evergreen spindle start to yellow or show signs of browning, it suggests under-watering. In contrast, if the leaves become pale or develop a bleached appearance, it may indicate over-watering.
Leaf Curling
Curling or folding of the leaves is another sign that evergreen spindle requires watering. When the leaves curl inward, it implies water stress. Providing water at this stage can prevent further damage to the plant.
Increased Soil Dryness
Evergreen spindle may require more frequent watering during dry and hot periods. If the weather has been persistently dry, monitor the soil moisture closely. Dry soil conditions for an extended period indicate the need for watering.
Early Morning Moisture Absorption
Evergreen spindle is most efficient at absorbing water in the early morning. Watering at this time allows the plant to replenish its water reserves before the heat of the day, ensuring adequate hydration.
Late Watering Risks
Watering evergreen spindle late in the day, close to evening or nighttime, increases the risk of fungal diseases and moisture-related issues. The plant might not have enough time to dry before nightfall, promoting the growth of harmful organisms.
Conclusion
Recognizing these signs is crucial for effectively managing the watering schedule for evergreen spindle. Proper water management not only encourages its growth and foliage health but also promotes its overall well-being.
How Should I Water My Evergreen Spindle?
Watering Requirements
Evergreen spindle, has specific watering needs and sensitivities that should be considered for optimal hydration.
Watering Technique
For evergreen spindle, it is best to water deeply and infrequently rather than shallowly and frequently. Allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering again. Avoid overwatering as it can lead to root rot. Bottom-watering is a suitable technique for evergreen spindle where the plant pot is placed in a tray filled with water, allowing the roots to soak up the moisture. This method ensures that the water reaches the roots without wetting the foliage excessively.
Watering Can Type
When using a watering can, select one with a narrow spout or a fine mist sprayer to water evergreen spindle. This allows for targeted watering at the base of the plant, avoiding excessive wetting of the foliage.
How Much Water Does Evergreen Spindle Really Need?
Introduction
Evergreen spindle is a species of plant native to Japan and eastern Asia. It is commonly known as Evergreen spindle and is often cultivated as an ornamental plant. It can be found in a variety of habitats, including woodland edges, hedgerows, and gardens. Understanding its natural habitat will help determine the optimal watering conditions for this plant.
Optimal Watering Quantity
Evergreen spindle has a moderate water requirement, preferring a consistently moist but well-draining soil. The key is to provide enough water to keep the soil evenly moist without saturating it. Factors like pot size, root depth, and plant size can influence the amount of water needed. Larger pots have a greater water-holding capacity and may require more water, while smaller pots dry out faster and may need more frequent watering. As for root depth, evergreen spindle has a shallow root system, so a thorough watering session that wets the top 6-8 inches of soil should be sufficient. In terms of plant size, larger evergreen spindle plants may require more water to meet their needs.
Signs of Proper Hydration
An optimally watered evergreen spindle will have lush, green foliage and healthy growth. The leaves should be turgid and not wilted. Overwatering can lead to root rot and is indicated by yellowing or browning leaves, wilting, and a stagnant or unpleasant odor coming from the soil. Underwatering, on the other hand, will cause the leaves to droop, turn yellow or brown, and become brittle.
Risks of Improper Watering
Overwatering evergreen spindle can lead to root rot and fungal diseases due to excessively wet soil. It can also suffocate the roots by depriving them of oxygen. Conversely, underwatering can cause stress to the plant, leading to stunted growth and susceptibility to pests and diseases. It is important to find the right balance to ensure the plant's optimal health and growth.
Additional Advice
In addition to watering, it is recommended to monitor the humidity levels around the evergreen spindle plant. This can be achieved by misting the leaves or placing a tray of water near the plant to increase humidity. Regularly checking the soil moisture by inserting a finger or moisture meter into the soil can help determine when to water. It is also important to avoid waterlogging by ensuring proper drainage in the pot or planting location.
How Often Should I Water Evergreen Spindle?
Every 1-2 weeks
Watering Frequency
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Just like people, each plant has its own preferences and needs. Devote time to understanding your plants so you can nurture them properly. Observe your plants attentively, learning from their growth patterns, and becoming more in tune with their needs as you grow together. Keep a watchful eye on new plants and seedlings, as they are sensitive to both overwatering and underwatering. Shower them with gentle love and attention, fostering their growth and strength. Let the rhythm of your local climate guide your watering habits, adapting your schedule to the changing weather and the needs of your plants.
What Kind of Water is Best for Evergreen Spindle?
Water Type Guide for evergreen spindle
Water Sensitivity: Moderate - evergreen spindle prefers well-draining soil and should not be overly saturated with water.
Water Types
Distilled Water: Optimal for evergreen spindle as it is pure and free of any contaminants or minerals that could harm the plant. Rainwater: Another excellent choice for evergreen spindle as it is natural, chemical-free, and has a balanced pH level. Tap Water: Can be used for evergreen spindle but should be treated to remove any harmful elements. Filtered Water: Suitable for evergreen spindle as long as it effectively removes any harmful contaminants.
Chlorine Sensitivity
Slight - evergreen spindle is somewhat sensitive to chlorine in tap water. It is recommended to let tap water sit out for at least a few hours before using it on evergreen spindle to allow the chlorine to dissipate.
Fluoride Sensitivity
Unknown - There is limited information on evergreen spindle's sensitivity to fluoride in water. It is advisable to avoid using water with high fluoride levels to be safe.
Mineral Sensitivity
Moderate - evergreen spindle can be sensitive to certain minerals in water, such as high levels of iron, which can cause leaf discoloration or toxicity. Using distilled or rainwater can help mitigate this issue.
Water Treatments
Dechlorination: Letting tap water sit out for a few hours can help reduce chlorine levels and make it safer for evergreen spindle. Filtration: Using a water filter can remove harmful elements and minerals, enhancing the suitability of tap water for evergreen spindle.
Water Temperature Preferences
Moderate - evergreen spindle prefers water at room temperature (around 68-72°F or 20-22°C). Avoid using water that is too cold or too hot, as extreme temperatures can shock the plant.
How Do Evergreen Spindle's Watering Needs Change with the Seasons?
How to Water evergreen spindle in Spring?
During the spring season, evergreen spindle enters its active growth phase. It needs ample moisture to cater to new foliage and root expansion. Water evergreen spindle thoroughly until you see water exit the drainage holes at the bottom of the container. Exposure to increasing daylight hours and rising temperatures make regular and deep watering essential. Make sure the soil is well-draining to prevent water from standing and causing root rot.
How to Water evergreen spindle in Summer?
Summer is the time when evergreen spindle needs the most water due to increased sunlight and evergreen spindle's active growth phase. Its water requirements go up to compensate for fast soil moisture evaporation. Keeping the soil consistently moist but not soggy is crucial. Mulching around the base of the plant can help retain soil moisture. Don't let the plant sit in water as it can result in root diseases.
How to Water evergreen spindle in Autumn?
In autumn, evergreen spindle's growth slows down preparing it for its dormant winter period, thereby reducing water needs. Scale back watering to allow the top layer of soil to dry out between watering sessions. This helps harden the plant off and prepare it for the lower light levels and temperatures during winter.
How to Water evergreen spindle in Winter?
Evergreen spindle enters a period of dormancy during winter and its water requirements decrease considerably. Water evergreen spindle sparingly, making sure that the top layer of soil has a chance to dry out before the next watering. Avoid overwatering in winter as it invites root-rot. Ample humidity can also help the plant overcome winter dryness.
What Expert Tips Can Enhance Evergreen Spindle Watering Routine?
Watering Tools:
Using a watering can with a narrow spout or a drip irrigation system can help deliver water directly to the root zone of evergreen spindle without wetting the foliage. This reduces the risk of fungal diseases and allows for more efficient water absorption.
Morning Watering:
Water evergreen spindle in the morning to give it ample time to absorb the water before the hotter part of the day. This helps prevent evaporation and ensures the plant has enough moisture to sustain it through the day.
Soil Moisture Testing:
Rather than relying solely on surface-level soil moisture, insert your finger or a soil moisture meter about 2 inches into the soil near evergreen spindle's roots. This will provide a more accurate assessment of the moisture level and whether it needs watering. The soil should feel slightly moist but not saturated.
Avoid Over-Watering:
It's important to avoid over-watering evergreen spindle as it can lead to root rot and other health issues. Wait until the top layer of soil has dried out before watering again. Signs of over-watering include yellowing leaves, wilting, and a persistently wet soil surface.
Adjusting Watering During a Heatwave:
During periods of intense heat, evergreen spindle may require more frequent watering. Monitor the soil moisture levels closely and increase watering frequency if the soil is drying out quickly. Add a layer of mulch around the base of the plant to help retain moisture.
Adjusting Watering During Extended Rain:
When evergreen spindle is exposed to extended periods of heavy rain, it's important to ensure the soil has proper drainage. Avoid watering the plant during this time and check the soil moisture levels after the rain has stopped. If the soil is still saturated, consider improving drainage or temporarily relocating evergreen spindle to a drier spot.
Watering Stressed Plants:
If evergreen spindle is showing signs of stress, such as drooping leaves or wilting, carefully water the plant at its base to help revive it. Avoid wetting the foliage as this can exacerbate the stress and lead to fungal issues.
Understanding Thirst Signs:
If evergreen spindle begins to show signs of drought stress, such as leaf curling or browning, it's a clear indication that it needs watering. Act promptly to prevent further damage. The plant may also show signs of thirst if the soil surface becomes cracked or if the leaves feel noticeably dry.
Importance of Drainage:
Ensure evergreen spindle's pot or planting location has adequate drainage holes to allow excess water to escape. Poor drainage can cause the root system to become waterlogged, leading to root rot and other complications. If necessary, consider repotting evergreen spindle in a container with better drainage.
Monitoring Moisture Retention:
Add organic matter, such as compost or peat moss, to the soil around evergreen spindle to improve its water retention abilities. This can help prevent the soil from drying out too quickly and ensure the plant has access to moisture for longer periods.
Watering Newly Planted evergreen spindle:
After planting evergreen spindle, water it thoroughly to settle the soil and encourage root establishment. Monitor the soil moisture level closely during the following weeks, providing enough water to keep the soil slightly moist but not saturated.
Considering Hydroponics? How to Manage a Water-Grown Evergreen Spindle?
Introduction
Hydroponics is a method of growing plants in a water-based, nutrient-rich solution, eliminating the need for soil. This approach benefits plants like evergreen spindle which are known to prefer well-drained soils; hydroponics mimics this condition, leading to robust growth.
Hydroponic System For evergreen spindle
The Ebb and Flow (Flood and Drain) system proves to be ideal for evergreen spindle. This system periodically floods the plant roots with nutrient solution, then drains it back, ensuring the plant doesn't stay waterlogged, resembling evergreen spindle's natural habitat.
Nutrient Solution
Evergreen spindle prefers a balanced nutrient solution with a pH of 5.8-6.2 for optimal growth. The nutrient solution should be changed every two weeks to prevent build-up of unwanted salts. Pay special attention to calcium, magnesium, and iron as these are essential to evergreen spindle.
Hydroponic Challenges
Evergreen spindle can face common hydroponic issues like root rot due to overwatering. Inadequate light can also lead to stunted growth. Monitor nutrient balance rigorously as imbalances can easily occur, especially with nitrogen, which evergreen spindle has a high need for.
Plant Health Monitoring
Healthy evergreen spindle in hydroponics exhibit vibrant green, glossy leaves. Yellowing leaves or brown leaf tips may indicate nutrient deficiency. Unlike in soil, root health can be gauged directly, so check often for bright, crisp, white roots for healthy evergreen spindle.
Environmental Adjustments
As evergreen spindle moves from its vegetative to generative phase, nutrient requirements change. Increase phosphorus and potassium while reducing nitrogen. Adjust lighting too; while evergreen spindle prefers full sun to partial shade, less intense light is preferable during the generative phase.
Important Symptoms
Overwatering
Evergreen spindle is more susceptible to developing disease symptoms when overwatered because it prefers a soil environment with moderate humidity. Symptoms of overwatering include yellowing leaves, root rot, leaf drop...
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Yellowing leaves
When plants receive too much water, the roots become oxygen deprived and the bottom leaves of the plant gradually turn yellow.
Root rot
Excess water in the soil can lead to the growth of harmful fungi and bacteria, causing the roots to rot and eventually kill the plant.
Leaf drop
When plants are overwatered, they may shed their leaves as a response to stress, even if the leaves appear green and healthy.
Mold and mildew
Overwatered plants create a damp environment that can encourage the growth of mold and mildew on soil.
Increased susceptibility diseases
Overwatering plants may become more susceptible and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Solutions
1. Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness. Wait for soil to dry before watering.2. Increase soil aeration by loosening surface and gently stirring with a wooden stick or chopstick.3. Optimize environment with good ventilation and warmth to enhance water evaporation and prevent overwatering.
Underwatering
Evergreen spindle is more susceptible to plant health issues when lacking watering, as it can only tolerate short periods of drought. Symptoms of dehydration include wilting, yellowing leaves, leaf drop...
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Wilting
Due to the dry soil and insufficient water absorption by the roots, the leaves of the plant will appear limp, droopy, and lose vitality.
Root damage
Prolonged underwatering can cause root damage, making it difficult for the plant to absorb water even when it is available.
Dry stems
Due to insufficient water, plant stems may become dry or brittle, making the branches easy to break.
Dying plant
If underwatering continues for an extended period, the plant may ultimately die as a result of severe water stress and an inability to carry out essential functions.
Solutions
1. Thoroughly saturate soil with slow ring watering to ensure uniform and sufficient moisture for plants. 2. Increase air humidity with water trays or misting to slow leaf water evaporation. 3. Watering according to the recommended frequency.Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness.
Watering Troubleshooting for Evergreen Spindle
Why are the leaves of my evergreen spindle turning yellow?
Yellow leaves on evergreen spindle are often a sign of too much water. Overwatering can result in root rot, which effectively drowns the plant and prevents it from taking up necessary nutrients. Reduce the watering frequency, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. If symptoms persist, consider repotting the plant in well-draining soil.
My evergreen spindle's leaves are drying out and falling off, what could be the problem?
If the evergreen spindle's leaves are drying out and dropping, it may not be receiving enough water. Paradoxically, this can also be a symptom of overwatering. Check the moisture levels in the soil - if it's dry, the plant is thirsty; if it's soggy, you may be overwatering. Adjust your watering schedule accordingly.
The edges of my evergreen spindle's leaves are turning brown, what is happening?
Browning leaf edges on evergreen spindle can indicate too much direct sunlight coupled with infrequent watering. Although evergreen spindle likes bright light, it can scorch under harsh, direct sunlight. Ensure your plant is getting bright but indirect sunlight, and maintain a consistent watering schedule, allowing the top soil to dry out between waterings.
Why does my evergreen spindle have a sickly pale color?
If your evergreen spindle has taken on a pale or washed-out color, it might be getting waterlogged. This can happen if the plant is sitting in water or if the soil does not drain well. Make sure you're not overwatering, and that your pot drains well. You might need to repot the plant in a potting mix that drains better.
The leaves of my evergreen spindle are curling, is it a watering issue?
Leaf curl in evergreen spindle may result from underwatering or overwatering. If the soil is too dry, the plant needs more frequent watering. But if the soil is consistently wet and water is sitting at the bottom of the pot, it indicates overwatering. Adjust the watering based on the soil moisture level, applying water when the topsoil feels dry to the touch but before the plant wilts.
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Lighting
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Evergreen spindle thrives best when exposed to an ample amount of sunlight throughout the day, but can also survive in spots where the sun shines less intensively. Too little sunlight can hinder growth, while too much can lead to leaf scorch. Its origin environment suggests an affinity for sun-soaked areas.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Insufficient light
Evergreen spindle thrives in full sunlight but is sensitive to heat. As a plant commonly grown outdoors with abundant sunlight, it may exhibit subtle symptoms of light deficiency when placed in rooms with suboptimal lighting.
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Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your evergreen spindle may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Evergreen spindle enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Excessive light
Evergreen spindle thrives in full sun exposure but is sensitive to heat. Although sunburn symptoms occasionally occur, they are unable to withstand intense sunlight in high-temperature environments.
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Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Although evergreen spindle is a temperate woody plant, it has a broad range of temperature preferences, thriving in a native growth environment with temperatures ranging from 10 to 35 ℃ (50 to 95 ℉). During the summer, it is better to limit the plant's exposure to intense sunlight to avoid dehydration and discoloration of leaves. Winter temperatures below 10 ℃ (50 ℉) may cause leaf shedding. Keeping the air moist can help with temperature adjustment in dry winter months.
Regional wintering strategies
Evergreen spindle has strong cold resistance, so special frost protection measures are usually not necessary during winter. However, if the winter temperatures are expected to drop below {Limit_growth_temperature}, it is still important to provide cold protection. This can be achieved by wrapping the trunk and branches with materials such as non-woven fabric or cloth. Before the first freeze in autumn, it is recommended to water the plant abundantly, ensuring the soil remains moist and enters a frozen state. This helps prevent drought and water scarcity for the plant during winter and early spring.
Important Symptoms
Low Temperature
Evergreen spindle is cold-tolerant and thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, although there may not be any noticeable changes during winter, the branches may become brittle and dry during springtime, and no new shoots will emerge.
Solutions
In spring, prune away any dead branches that have failed to produce new leaves.
High Temperature
During summer, Evergreen spindle should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the leaves of the plant may become lighter in color, the tips may become dry and withered, and the plant becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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Transplant
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How to Successfully Transplant Evergreen Spindle?
For optimal growth, transplant evergreen spindle during the perfect window of late spring to mid-summer, as warmer weather encourages strong root establishment. Choose a location that fulfills the plant's partial sun and well-drained soil requirements, and remember to water it well post-transplant.
What Preparations are Needed Before Transplanting Evergreen Spindle?
What is the Ideal Time for Transplanting Evergreen Spindle?
The perfect time to transplant evergreen spindle is during the delightful late spring to midsummer season. This period ensures optimal growth, allowing evergreen spindle to thrive and establish its roots quickly. You'll love the outcome!
How Much Space Should You Leave Between Evergreen Spindle Plants?
For evergreen spindle, a great spacing range for transplanting is 5 to 10 feet (1.5 to 3 meters) apart, allowing enough room for healthy growth. Give each plant some space to ensure they reach their full potential.
What is the Best Soil Mix for Evergreen Spindle Transplanting?
Prepare the soil for evergreen spindle by using well-draining, loamy soil that's rich in organic matter. Add in a slow-release, balanced fertilizer (such as 10-10-10), mixing it into the soil to provide nutrients for your plant.
Where Should You Relocate Your Evergreen Spindle?
Choose a transplanting location for evergreen spindle where it will receive full to partial sun, making sure it gets at least 6 hours of sunlight daily. This is important for the plant to thrive and develop its stunning foliage.
What Equipments Should You Prepare Before Transplantation Evergreen Spindle?
Gardening Gloves
To protect your hands while working with the soil and plant.
Shovel or Spade
To dig holes and trenches, and to remove evergreen spindle from its original location.
Trowel
For more precise digging during transplanting, especially if it's a smaller plant.
Garden Fork
To help loosen the soil around the roots before removing the plant.
Watering Can or Hose
To water the plant both before and after transplanting.
Measuring Tape or Ruler
To check the correct planting distance and depth.
Organic Matter
For mixing into the planting hole to improve soil structure and provide nutrients.
Mulch
To help retain moisture and suppress weeds around the transplanted plant.
How Do You Remove Evergreen Spindle from the Soil?
- From Ground: First, water the evergreen spindle plant to dampen the soil. Then, dig a wide trench around the plant using a shovel or spade, ensuring the plant's root ball remains intact. Carefully work the spade under the root ball to lift the plant from its original location.
- From Pot: Water the evergreen spindle plant, then gently lay the pot on its side and tap the pot to loosen the plant. Carefully slide the plant out, keeping the root ball intact. If the plant is stuck, use a trowel or garden fork to carefully loosen the soil around the edge of the pot.
- From Seedling Tray: Water the evergreen spindle seedlings before transplanting. Use a trowel or a fork to gently loosen the soil around the seedling, then carefully lift it out, ensuring not to damage the roots.
Step-by-Step Guide for Transplanting Evergreen Spindle
Step1 Preparation
Before transplanting, water the evergreen spindle plant and the transplant area thoroughly, as damp soil makes it easier to remove and handle plants with minimal root damage.
Step2 Digging the Hole
In the transplant area, dig a hole twice the width of the evergreen spindle's root ball and the same depth, using a shovel or trowel. Loosen the soil at the bottom of the hole with a garden fork.
Step3 Enriching the Soil
Incorporate organic matter into the soil you removed from the hole to help improve soil structure and provide nutrients for the growing plant.
Step4 Placing the Plant
Carefully place the evergreen spindle plant in the prepared hole, making sure the top of the root ball is level with the ground. Spread the roots out evenly in the hole, if possible.
Step5 Backfilling
Refill the hole with the improved soil, gently packing it around the root ball to eliminate air pockets.
Step6 Watering
Immediately after transplanting, generously water the evergreen spindle plant to help settle the soil and establish good root-to-soil contact.
Step7 Mulching
Apply a layer of mulch around the plant, keeping it away from the stem. This will help retain moisture, suppress weeds, and regulate soil temperature.
How Do You Care For Evergreen Spindle After Transplanting?
Watering
Keep the soil around the evergreen spindle consistently moist, but not soggy, for the first few weeks after transplanting to help establish strong roots. As the plant matures, adjust the watering frequency according to its specific needs.
Pruning
Trim off any damaged or dead branches to encourage healthy new growth. Regularly inspect the plant for signs of pests or diseases and treat as necessary.
Fertilizing
Apply a balanced slow-release fertilizer to the evergreen spindle according to the recommended schedule, as over-fertilizing could cause leaf burn or other problems.
Monitoring Growth
Keep an eye on the evergreen spindle plant as it establishes itself in its new location, checking for signs of stress or lack of nutrients, and make any necessary adjustments to its care regimen.
Troubleshooting Common Issues with Evergreen Spindle Transplantation.
When is the best time to transplant evergreen spindle?
Transplant evergreen spindle during late spring to mid summer for the best results.
What spacing should I maintain between evergreen spindle plants?
Allow 5-10 feet (1.5-3 meters) spacing between evergreen spindle plants for optimal growth.
How do I prepare the transplant hole for evergreen spindle?
Dig a hole twice the size of the root ball, and loosen soil at the bottom and sides to aid root growth.
What soil type is best for transplanting evergreen spindle?
Evergreen spindle thrives in well-draining, fertile soil enriched with organic matter.
Do I need to water evergreen spindle immediately after transplanting?
Yes, water evergreen spindle thoroughly after transplanting to help reduce transplant shock and establish the roots.
How deep should I plant evergreen spindle when transplanting?
Plant evergreen spindle at the same depth as it was in the original container to prevent stem rot.
Should I prune evergreen spindle before or after transplanting?
Prune evergreen spindle lightly before transplanting to remove dead or damaged branches and promote new growth.
How can I reduce transplant shock for my evergreen spindle plant?
Keep the roots moist, maintain the original soil, and water consistently to help evergreen spindle recover from transplanting.
Can evergreen spindle be transplanted in a container?
Yes, evergreen spindle can be transplanted into a container with adequate drainage and space for root development.
How long does it take for evergreen spindle to establish after transplanting?
Evergreen spindle typically takes 2-4 weeks to fully establish, depending on weather and nurturing conditions.
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Toxic
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Summarization
Moderate Toxic to Humans
Human
AllParts
Seeds
Flowers
Fruits
Leaves
Roots
Stems
Bark
Toxic parts
Swallowed
Effect methods
Is Evergreen Spindle toxic to human?
All parts of the evergreen spindle are considered toxic if ingested in large quantities. Symptoms can range from mild to life-threatening including vomiting, weakness, diarrhea, chills, convulsions, and coma. Since these plants are commonly used as ornamental hedges, you should be mindful of any children who may encounter the plant, be attracted by its colorful leaves and flowers, and may be tempted to eat them.
How to identify Evergreen Spindle
* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
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