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Basic Care
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FAQ

How to Care for African Basil

African basil (Ocimum gratissimum) has an accurate name since it is a member of the basil family native to Africa, although you'll now find it in many tropical and subtropical climates as an introduced species. This aromatic herb is used in cooking to flavor foods. It is also grown commercially because it's widely used as an essential oil.
Water
Water
Every week
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
African basil
African basil
African basil
African basil
African basil
care_basic_guide

Basic Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterDetail

How to Water African basil?

African basil likes a moist environment. Frequent watering is required for seedlings to keep the soil moist. Established plants should be watered once every 4-6 days in spring and fall, and every 2-4 days in summer. In winter, move inside and reduce watering.
Also, it is preferable to use rainwater and distilled water, because tap water may contain a lot of calcium, magnesium, and other mineral salts, and long-term use tends to compact the soil. Inserting a finger into the flowerpot soil. If the soil is particularly hard and dry, it needs to be watered immediately. If the soil is soft and wet, no immediate watering is required.
Cultivation:WaterDetail
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What is the best way to water my African basil?
When watering the African basil, you should aim to use filtered water that is at room temperature. Filtered water is better for this plant, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to its health. The reason that the water should be at room temperature or slightly warmer is that the African basil comes from a warm environment, and cold water can be somewhat of a shock to its system. Also, you should avoid overhead watering for this plant, as it can cause foliage complications. Instead, simply apply your filtered room temperature water to the soil until the soil is entirely soaked. Soaking the soil can be very beneficial for this plant as it moistens the roots and helps them continue to spread through the soil and collect the nutrients they need.
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What should I do if I water my African basil too much or too little?
Both overwatering and underwatering will be detrimental to the health of your African basil, but overwatering is a far more common issue. When this species receives too much water, its stems and leaves may begin to wilt and turn from green to yellow. Overwatering over a prolonged period may also lead to diseases such as root rot, mold, and mildew, all of which can kill your plant. Underwatering is far less common for the African basil, as this plant has decent drought tolerance. However, underwatering remains a possibility, and when it occurs, you can expect to find that the leaves of your African basil have become brittle and brown.
It is crucial that you notice the signs of overwatering as soon as possible when caring for your African basil. Some of the diseases that arise from overwatering, such as root rot, may not be correctable if you wait too long. If you see early signs of overwatering, you should reduce your watering schedule immediately. You may also want to assess the quality of soil in which your African basil grows. If you find that the soil drains very poorly, you should replace it immediately with a loose, well-draining potting mix. On the other hand, if you find signs that your African basil is receiving too little water, all you need to do is water more regularly until those signs have subsided.
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How often should I water my African basil?
If your plant is in a pot. The most precise way to decide whether your African basil needs water is to plunge your finger into the soil. If you notice that the first two to three inches of soil have become dry, it is time to add some water.
If you grow your African basil outdoors in the ground, you can use a similar method to test the soil. Again, when you find that the first few inches of soil have dried out, it is time to add water. During the spring and early fall, this method will often lead you to water this plant about once every week. When extremely hot weather arrives, you may need to increase your watering frequency to about twice or more per week. With that said, mature, well-established the African basil can show an admirable ability to withstand drought.
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How much water does my African basil need?
When it comes time to water your African basil, you should not be shy about how much water you give. With the first two to three inches of soil dry, this plant will appreciate a long and thorough watering. Supply enough water to soak the soil entirely. The amount of water you add should be enough to cause excess water to flow through the drainage holes at the bottom of your pot. If you don’t see excess water draining from the pot, you have likely underwatered your plant. But do not let the water accumulate inside the soil, which will be very dangerous to the plant as well. Alternatively, a lack of water draining through the pot could indicate poorly draining soils, which is detrimental to the health of this plant and should be avoided. If the plant is outside, 1 inch of rain per week will be sufficient.
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How should I water my African basil at different growth stages?
The water needs of the African basil can change depending on growth stages as well. For example, when your African basil is in the first few years of its life, or if you have just transplanted it to a new growing location, you will need to give more water than usual. During both of those stages, your African basil will put a lot of energy towards sprouting new roots that will then support future growth. For those roots to perform their best, they need a bit more moisture than they would at a more mature phase. After a few seasons, your African basil will need much less water. Another growth stage in which this plant may need more water is during the bloom period. Flower development can make use of a significant amount of moisture, which is why you might need to give your African basil more water at this time.
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How should I water my African basil through the seasons?
The African basil will have its highest water needs during the hottest months of the year. During the height of summer, you may need to give this plant water more than once per week, depending on how fast the soil dries out. The opposite is true during the winter. In winter, your plant will enter a dormant phase, in which it will need far less water than usual. In fact, you may not need to water this plant at all during the winter months. However, if you do water during winter, you should not do so more than about once per month. Watering too much at this time will make it more likely that your African basil will contract a disease.
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What's the difference between watering my African basil indoors and outdoors?
It is most common to grow the African basil indoors for any gardener that does not live in temperate and tropical regions. Those gardeners should consider the fact that soil in a container can dry out a bit faster than ground soil. Also, the presence of drying elements such as air conditioning units can cause your African basil to need water on a more frequent basis as well. if you planted it outside. When that is the case, it’s likely you won’t need to water your African basil very much at all. If you receive rainfall on a regular basis, that may be enough to keep your plant alive. Alternatively, those who grow this plant inside will need to water it more often, as allowing rainwater to soak the soil will not be an option.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail

How to Fertilize African basil?

An appropriate amount of quick-acting fertilizer can make african basil grow better based on the principle of less fertilizer applied more frequently. In the case of fertilizer deficiency, african basil will be short. In the prosperous growing period, organic fertilizer can be applied once every two weeks. Observe its growth and keep it growing healthily.
During spring and fall, the roots, stem, and leaves grow and the flower buds differentiate. In summer, the temperature is high and the water evaporation is fast. Liquid fertilizer should be applied in small amounts but frequently. In winter, the temperature is low and the plant grows slowly or even stops growing, so no fertilizer is required generally.

Fertilizer

Although African basil comes from the warmer parts of the world, these plants are commonly grown as houseplants. The brilliant colored flowers of the African basil make them some of the most beautiful plants that you can own. However, if you wish to get the most out of your African basil and enjoy the greatest version of their blooms, then you must understand how to fertilize this plant correctly. Proper fertilization will help your African basil look great and remain healthy, and the sections below will show you how to feed this plant the right way.
Fertilizer, and soil nutrients in general, are an essential form of fuel that your African basil will use to maintain healthy growth. In general, plants use the nutrients they find in the soil to develop new plant material and keep their existing components in good condition. For the African basil specifically, fertilization is necessary to help this plant display the best version of its flowers. Since the flowers are the main form of attraction to this plant, most gardeners will want to do all they can to ensure the flowers appear in their best form. Fertilization is one of the most reliable ways to help your African basil produce the best possible blooms.
The African basil goes through two main phases throughout each year. The first phase is the dormant phase, in which this plant will put forth minimal new growth. This dormant phase takes place during the winter. The other phase is the active growth phase, which takes place during spring and fall, which is when your African basil will need fertilization the most. Generally, it is best to fertilize your African basil starting in the spring months. You should repeat the feeding about once per month throughout the rest of the spring and through most of the summer. As fall approaches, you can begin to reduce your fertilization rate. You want to support African basil growth, but you also don’t want to cause root burn. Your plant is actively growing in the spring and summer, it’s when the extra nutrients are necessary. In the fall and winter, your plant will enter its dormancy stage. It’s when you want to stop fertilizing.
The ideal fertilizer for a African basil is one that has a relatively balanced mix of the three main plant nutrients, with slightly higher amounts of phosphorus. Alternatively, some gardeners choose to improve their African basil 's soil by adding organic materials such as compost, worm castings, and manure. Fertilizers can come in many forms, and most of these forms will work well for your African basil. However, some of the best fertilizers for African basil come in either a liquid or a powdered form. Regardless of which you use, you should ensure that you dilute your fertilizer and apply it while watering your African basil.
Once you have found a suitable fertilizer and learned the ideal fertilization schedule for your African basil, you are ready to learn how to apply your fertilizer. When feeding your African basil, the most reliable method is to mix your liquid fertilizer with water before applying it to the soil. Each fertilizer may have different directions on how to feed your plants. Usually, it is best to follow the manufacturer's guidance on how to use the fertilizer they produce. These instructions should include information on how to properly dilute the fertilizer to prevent overfertilization. Mixing your fertilizer in water is an easy process, and once it is complete, all you need to do is pour the mixture into the soil where your African basil lives.
Overfertilization is something that you should consider when caring for any plant, but it is especially important when growing a African basil. A African basil, when overfertilized, will show clear signs of distress, which, at times, may be so serious that they lead to the death of your plant. Overfertilized African basil will likely show leaf discoloration as well, including browning. In the worst-case scenarios, excessive fertilization will draw moisture out of your plant's roots, which can cause it to decline quickly.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail
Why do I need to fertilize my African basil?
Fertilizer, and soil nutrients in general, are an essential form of fuel that your African basil will use to maintain healthy growth. In general, plants use the nutrients they find in the soil to develop new plant material and keep their existing components in good condition.
For the African basil specifically, fertilization is necessary to help this plant display the best version of its flowers. Since the flowers are the main form of attraction to this plant, most gardeners will want to do all they can to ensure the flowers appear in their best form. Fertilization is one of the most reliable ways to help your African basil produce the best possible blooms.
Read More more
When is the best time to fertilize my African basil?
The African basil goes through two main phases throughout each year. The first phase is the dormant phase, in which this plant will put forth minimal new growth. This dormant phase takes place during the winter. The other phase is the active growth phase, which takes place during spring and fall, which is when your African basil will need fertilization the most.
Generally, it is best to fertilize your African basil starting in the spring months. You should repeat the feeding about once per month throughout the rest of the spring and through most of the summer. As fall approaches, you can begin to reduce your fertilization rate.
Read More more
When should I avoid fertilizing my African basil?
You want to support African basil growth, but you also don’t want to cause root burn. Your plant is actively growing in the spring and summer, it’s when the extra nutrients are necessary. In the fall and winter, your plant will enter its dormancy stage. It’s when you want to stop fertilizing.
Read More more
What type of fertilizer does my African basil need?
The ideal fertilizer for a African basil is one that has a relatively balanced mix of the three main plant nutrients, with slightly higher amounts of phosphorus. Alternatively, some gardeners choose to improve their African basil 's soil by adding organic materials such as compost, worm castings, and manure.
Fertilizers can come in many forms, and most of these forms will work well for your African basil. However, some of the best fertilizers for African basil come in either a liquid or a powdered form. Regardless of which you use, you should ensure that you dilute your fertilizer and apply it while watering your African basil.
Read More more
How do I fertilize my African basil?
Once you have found a suitable fertilizer and learned the ideal fertilization schedule for your African basil, you are ready to learn how to apply your fertilizer. When feeding your African basil, the most reliable method is to mix your liquid fertilizer with water before applying it to the soil.
Each fertilizer may have different directions on how to feed your plants. Usually, it is best to follow the manufacturer's guidance on how to use the fertilizer they produce. These instructions should include information on how to properly dilute the fertilizer to prevent overfertilization. Mixing your fertilizer in water is an easy process, and once it is complete, all you need to do is pour the mixture into the soil where your African basil lives.
Read More more
What happens if I fertilize my African basil too much?
Overfertilization is something that you should consider when caring for any plant, but it is especially important when growing a African basil. A African basil, when overfertilized, will show clear signs of distress, which, at times, may be so serious that they lead to the death of your plant.
Overfertilized African basil will likely show leaf discoloration as well, including browning. In the worst-case scenarios, excessive fertilization will draw moisture out of your plant's roots, which can cause it to decline quickly.
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Cultivation:SunlightDetail

What Are the Sunlight Requirements for African basil?

African basil is a full sun plant and needs sufficient sunlight during the whole growth period. It is best placed where it is exposed to sunlight for more than 6 hours average daily. Without enough sunlight, photosynthesis will be inhibited and accumulated nutrients reduced.
If the average daily sunlight exposure is less than 4 hours, thin leaves and light aroma may result. However, african basil should be properly shaded in hot summers, especially the seedlings.
Cultivation:SunlightDetail
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How many hours of sunlight does African basil need to grow?
African basil typically needs at least six to eight hours of direct sunlight every day. If you are growing your plant outdoors, make sure to choose a spot that receives full sunlight throughout the day. If you are growing your African basil indoors, try to place it near a south-facing window or another location that receives plenty of sunlight. While African basil needs full sunlight to grow and thrive, it’s essential to avoid exposing them to direct sunlight during high temperatures, such as over 35°C(95℉) or during hot summer afternoons. If the sunlight is too intense, it can cause the leaves to become scorched or wilted. To avoid this, you can consider using sheer curtains or blinds to filter the sunlight or moving the plant to a shadier spot.
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What will happen if African basil doesn’t get enough sunlight?
If your African basil doesn't receive enough sunlight, it may struggle to grow and may become weak and leggy. The leaves may also start to turn yellow, indicating that the plant is not getting enough sunlight to produce chlorophyll. In extreme cases, the plant may even die.
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What will happen if African basil gets too much sunlight?
While African basil needs full sunlight, it’s crucial to avoid exposing it to too much direct sunlight. If the plant is exposed to intense sunlight for an extended period, it can start to show signs of sunburn, such as brown or scorched leaves. To avoid this, make sure to monitor the plant and move it to a shadier spot if necessary.
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Cultivation:PruningDetail

How to Prune African basil?

African basil can be pruned when they reach 20 cm in height. Yellow leaves, once found, should be cut off promptly. If the plant grows too exuberantly and the ornamental effect deteriorates, redundant branches can be cut off. After pruning, add a small amount of slow-release fertilizer. African basil usually dies after the seeds are ripened, and its life can be extended by cutting off the flowers to prevent the seeds from ripening.
Cultivation:PruningDetail
Does my African basil need to be pruned?
The usual goal for the African basil is to have it grow as big and full as possible. While the plant doesn’t require consistent trimming, it can benefit by removing old flowers and any damaged, dead, or diseased leaves. You can also trim back the leaves if it is starting to get too big for the pot and space you are keeping it.
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When is the best time to prune my African basil?
African basil don’t have a winter dormancy cycle at the suitable temperature. With that said, their growth does slow down as the days get shorter, however the leaves don’t die. What does that mean for pruning? It means there’s no specific season where it’s better to prune. Ideally, you will want to wait until the flower blooms before pruning it, which can take about a month after the appearance of the blossom. With deadheading, you’ll want to do this around late spring or when only a few of the blossoms have faded. You should always prune brown or yellow leaves when you notice them. Throughout the growing phase, make sure to pay close attention to any potential diseased leaves and remove these as necessary.
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What should I do after pruning my African basil?
Once you’ve pruned your plant, you should dispose of the stems and leaves either by composting the healthy ones or throwing out the diseased parts. You can also fertilize just before or after pruning, which gives African basil a little vitamin boost that can provide it the nutrients needed to better protect itself from any nearby pathogens or diseases. You don’t need much after care when you’re done pruning. It might benefit from light watering and some liquid plant food to encourage new blooms and growth.
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How can I prune my African basil during different growth stages?
Chances are you’re not getting the African basil from seed, which means you’re already getting a mature plant. Since the plant doesn’t have a true dormancy cycle, there are really only two phases: blooming and non-blooming. While the plant is blooming, you should only remove yellow or dead leaves and cut off any brown tips on the leaves. Avoid doing too much pruning during this time as it can stress the plant. Still, you should remove any diseased or dead leaves to keep your plant presentable. The best time to prune is after the blossoms have already wilted. You can remove both the spent blossoms and any old and yellowed leaves at the same time. If you’re noticing a large amount of yellow leaves, you might be overwatering your plant or not giving it enough nutrients. While yellow or brown leaves don’t always mean there’s an issue, if you notice a large amount of leaves shifting colors, it usually means there’s a problem with the plant.
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How can I prune my African basil during different seasons?
As an evergreen plant, African basil doesn’t have the same cycles as those found in colder areas. The leaves will remain green throughout the year, which is one of the many reasons it is a popular houseplant. If you want to deadhead, you should do so after the blossoms have already wilted. Throughout the growing phase, make sure to pay close attention to any potential diseased leaves and remove these as necessary.
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Are there any instructions for pruning my African basil?
How you prune the African basil will depend on whether you’re performing general care or deadheading. For general care, simply cut off the blossoms that have already died. Make sure to get as close to the base as possible and snip at a 45-degree angle. Repeat this for all stalks with wilting blooms. After that, trim back any outer leaves that are old and yellowing. If you simply want to thin the plant out, start with the outermost leaf and work your way in. Avoid removing more than 30 percent of the leaves at once. Throughout the growing phase, make sure to pay close attention to any potential diseased leaves and remove these as necessary.
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care_advanced_guide

Advanced Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail

What is the Ideal Temperature Range for African basil?

African basil is native to Tropical Asia and likes a warm and humid environment. It is more resistant to heat than cold, and to drought than waterlogging. The optimum growth temperature is between 22 to 28 ℃ in the daytime and 13 to 18 ℃ at night. The leaves will turn yellow if the ambient temperature is lower than 13 ℃. Damage may be caused to the plant if the temperature is lower than 10 ℃, and the leaves will droop if the temperature is higher than 35 ℃.
Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail
What is the optimal temperature for African basil?
For this tropical plant to thrive, you’ll want to keep them between 75℉ and 90℉ (25-32℃). Each species can handle temperatures outside of this range, but keeping it within several degrees of these limits will ensure they grow to their maximum potential.
As for its extreme temperature limits, any environment below 50℉ (10℃) or above 95℉ (35℃) will begin to hinder its growth and cause various aberrations to its leaves and stems. This is especially true with low temperatures; even a light frost can cause your tropical plants to perish. Cellular death can begin to happen at a rapid pace, with some species dying in as little as 12 to 24 hours.
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Does African basil require different temperatures for different growing phases?
While African basil doesn’t require any changes in temperature to enter different growing phases, it is important to stay consistent. Wild temperature fluctuations can slow down its growth regardless of its current phase, so it's always better to keep them in a controlled environment. That optimal temperature range of 75℉ and 90℉ (25-32℃) is vital to maintain, especially staying above the lower limit. Going above 90℉(32℃) isn’t ideal, but as tropical plant it won’t suffer too much. On the other hand, going below 50℉ (10℃) (and especially 40℉/5℃) will begin to directly damage this heat-loving plant species.
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Does African basil need different temperatures for different seasons?
African basil does not need different temperatures for different growing seasons. The most important step in seasonal care is to keep the environment within the optimal temperature range. That's why it's always best to keep this plant indoors. That way, you can control the temperature no matter what the climate is like outside.
Light is also important for tropical species, with all of these plants preferring a partial side level of sun exposure. This means any light they receive needs to be dappled or filtered, with bright but indirect light being the best option when growing your plants indoors. Too much direct sunlight can negatively affect your plant’s leaves, reducing its growth potential.
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What are the temperature guidelines to keep your African basil healthy?
Tip #1: Don’t Leave Your Plant Near Windows in Colder Months
If you want to make sure your plant isn’t exposed to colder temperatures, you may want to keep them away from windows. In colder months like late fall and winter, even the smallest draft can leak cold air into your home through cracks in your windows. While this air usually dissipates and warms up as it travels throughout your home, any plants placed in close proximity to the window will be affected. Move your tropical plants into an area where they will still get bright but indirect light, while making sure they won’t be affected by potential drafts.
Tip #2: If You Find Dry Patches, Your Plant May Be Getting Too Much Sunlight or Heat
You may notice the leaves become white or even scorched on a sunny day. These discolorations and unusual markings usually indicate that a plant is getting too much heat or sunlight, and it may be dehydrated. Excess light and heat will dry out the soil, stopping plants from getting the moisture they need to support their cellular structure. It also slows down or stops the process of photosynthesis, further hindering growth. If ignored for too long, these dry spots can spread and eventually result in the death of your plants.
Tip #3: Avoid Frost at All Costs
Colder temperatures and frost can damage your plants by causing ice crystals or disrupt normal physiological activity. This makes it nearly impossible for water to move freely throughout plant tissue, creating a deficit of moisture in their stems and leaves. You can tell a plant has been damaged by frost if it begins to suffer from hydrosis (it will appear as though it's soaked with water.) If the problem persists, your plants may begin shriveling and turning a dark brown or black hue. After that, the plant will almost certainly die.
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What is the best way to maintain the right temperature for my African basil?
The best way to maintain the right temperature range for African basil is by keeping an eye on both the climate and humidity. You’ll want to try to keep each species in a room where you have access to climate control, keeping the heat in the temperature range best mimics its natural habitat. The humidity levels will also have a direct effect on temperature, so it's important to monitor these as well. You can artificially raise the humidity of your growing space by using a humidifier or lightly misting the leaves with water.
If you intend to grow this species outside, you may find it difficult to maintain the right balance of temperature and humidity. If temperatures begin to drop or the air becomes too dry, your best option is to find room within your home and move your plant inside. An indoor growing space will allow you to control the climate more closely, helping your plant reach its full potential.
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Cultivation:SoilDetail

What Soil is Best for African basil?

African basil is a deep-rooted plant, with the roots growing up to 51 to 102 cm deep. Therefore, well-drained, fertile, loose sandy loam or humus soil is the best culture soil. Potted plants can be planted in a mixed culture of peat and vermiculite at 2:1, or garden soil and fully decomposed organic fertilizer at 2:1.
African basil does not have strict requirements on soil conditions. It can be planted in both acid and alkaline soil and can tolerate pH values of 5-8, but neutral soil is the best.
Cultivation:SoilDetail
Cultivation:PropagationDetail

How to Propagate African basil?

African basil can be propagated by cuttage or sowing. Sowing is the main cultural method for families.

Propagation

The active growing season during the spring and summer is the best time to propagate African basil. During this period, the plants are generating a lot of energy for new growth and should have plenty of stems that can be used for propagation. They can also recover from having cuttings taken during this season than during the slower autumn and winter seasons. What you will need for breeding:
  1. Sharp scissors or knife
  2. Diluted bleach solution or isopropyl alcohol to clean tools
  3. Pot(s) or nursery tray with drainage holes
  4. All-purpose potting mix or seed starting mix
  5. Clear plastic bag or a humidity dome for covering cuttings
  6. Rooting hormone (optional but recommended)
Steps: Step 1: Prepare containers by filling them with moistened planting material leaving about half an inch of space from the top of the container. Step 2: Choose healthy parts for propagation. The cutting needs to have at least one leaf but should not have any flowers. Using your sterilized scissors, cut through the stem just below a leaf joint, because the root system usually grows from the there. The length of the cutting should not be too long, for once the cutting takes root, it has actually become an individual plant. No body wants a plant to grow long and thin from the beginning. Be sure to make a clean cut, and don’t crush the stem as that can leave the plant vulnerable to infection. Sterilize cutting tools between plants if you are taking multiple cuttings. Step 3: Pinch off the lower leaves on the cutting until there are just the top 4 to 6 leaves remaining. Dip the bottom end of the cutting into rooting powder (if using) according to the directions. Step 4: Make a hole in the soil for each cutting, and place the cutting inside so that the soil line is at the lower leaves. Press soil around the cutting, then repeat until all cuttings are planted and then water thoroughly. Step 5: Cover the container with the humidity dome or a clear plastic bag. Place it in a location where the cuttings can get light but no direct sunlight, as this can be too intense for cuttings. Water occasionally and do not let the African basil dry out. If there is too much humidity, remove the cover periodically to allow some evaporation.
Most species will begin to produce roots in about 3 weeks, After rooting, the plant will gradually grow new leaves, at which time you can start to harden off the African basil. Hardening off involves gradually exposing the African basil to more sunlight and removing the cover so that they have time to adjust before being moved permanently outside. Hardening off should usually take about 1 to 2 weeks depending on the outdoor conditions and the type of African basil. After this period, African basil can be planted in containers or directly in the ground.
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Cultivation:PropagationDetail
Cultivation:PlantingDetail

How to Plant African basil?

African basil is generally sown in spring and fall, and the best time for sowing is a sunny morning. The soil can be exposed to sunlight before sowing to kill harmful microorganisms in the soil. Select plump, pest-free seeds, spread them evenly in the soil, cover them with a layer of 5 mm thick soil, and spray water gently. If you worry about uneven sowing, you can mix the seeds with fine soil in advance and then spread them in the garden.
The best temperature for sowing african basil is about 20 ℃, and the seedlings are expected to grow in 4-5 days. When they grow 1-2 leaves, poor or excessively dense seedlings may be removed, and the spacing of seedlings set to about 3 to 4 cm. When 8-10 leaves grow out on one plant, the plant can be transplanted. Keep plants spaced to about 25 cm apart.
Cultivation:PlantingDetail
Cultivation:HarvestDetail

How to Harvest African basil?

African basil can be used as an ornamental plant or picked as a fragrant herb to cook with at any time. Its leaves can be harvested before flowers bloom. Cut leaves with a small knife and try to avoid damaging the roots. Its leaves can be used in cold dishes or salads, or to remove the fishy taste of seafood, and dried leaves can be used as a spice. Its stem, leaves, and flowers can be harvested before blooming. They can be used to extract essential oils. It is best to harvest them at 9:00-17:00 after 2-3 consecutive sunny days. Its seeds are generally be harvested in late summer.
Cultivation:HarvestDetail
PlantCare:TransplantSummary

How to Transplant African basil?

For african basil, the best time for transplanting is between S1-S2 – the period where it thrives most due to climatic favorability. A sunny location with well-draining soil conditions is ideal for transplanting. When transplanting remember to place them properly spaced, it encourages healthy growth.
PlantCare:TransplantSummary
care_scenes

More Info on African Basil Growth and Care

Basic Care Guide
Explore More
Lighting
Full sun
African basil thrives beneath the sun's generous glow. The intensity and abundance of these radiant rays play a pivotal role in the plant's health, contributing to its vigorous growth. However, overexposure may lead to detrimental effects and even harm the plant. An original inhabitant of sundrenched environments, this plant has adapted to soak up a considerable amount of sunlight.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
5 43 ℃
African basil is native to the African landscape, flourishing in warmer climates, specifically requiring temperatures between 68 to 100°F (20 to 38℃). Seasonal temperature shifts should mimic its natural environment for optimal growth.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Transplant
2-3 feet
For african basil, the best time for transplanting is between S1-S2 – the period where it thrives most due to climatic favorability. A sunny location with well-draining soil conditions is ideal for transplanting. When transplanting remember to place them properly spaced, it encourages healthy growth.
Transplant Techniques
Feng shui direction
Southwest
The african basil plant harmonizes exquisitely well with Southwest-facing spaces, a direction symbolically tied to earth element and denoting love and relationships. Its lush foliage and flourishing growth potentiate stability and prosperity, key notions in Feng Shui, bestowing balance and positive vigor to such environments. However, the effectiveness may change according to individual circumstances, suggesting the need for personalized Feng Shui assessments.
Fengshui Details
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Seasonal Care Tips

seasonal-tip

Seasonal Precautions

African basil is resistant to heat, so it is best to move plants indoors in winter. African basil should be properly shaded in summer; seedlings especially should not be directly exposed to strong sunlight. With hot temperatures and fast water evaporation, summer is also its most intense growing period. Use a lower concentration of liquid fertilizer in summer and fertilize more often to supplement enough nutrients and water for the plant. Smooth drainage should be ensured in summer because high humidity and poor drainage can easily cause the plant to be infected with fungus leaf spot.
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Spring

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Summer

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Fall

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Winter

Tropical herbs like your plant are easy to care for throughout the year but require a little extra attention in the spring.

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1
Spring is the ideal time to repot root-bound plants and propagate new ones by cutting off some of the trailing vines.
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2
Water once every week or so when the soil is drying out and fertilize with balanced, all-purpose plant food.
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3
Ensure the plant is receiving enough sunlight but be careful to not burn the leaves.
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4
Spring is also a good time for propagation. Carefully remove a green stem and place it in water. When roots appear, transplant the cutting to a container.

Your plant and other tropical herbs may require more frequent watering in the summer.

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Check the soil weekly to see if it is drying out.
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2
Continue feeding the plant monthly with an all-purpose fertilizer.
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3
Remove any dead or yellowing leaves and keep the plant out of direct sunlight to avoid burning the foliage.
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4
Check the plant and surrounding area for pests. Gardeners also want to check the leaves and stem for any signs of disease.
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5
New growth can be removed from the parent plant for propagation. Place the cutting in water and replant when roots appear.

As your plant continues growing through the fall, continue your care of this plant.

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Fertilize it on a monthly basis with an all-purpose fertilizer
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Make sure the soil is kept moist through regular watering, giving the plant water whenever the soil becomes dry.
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3
You can take cuttings and propagate more plants during this season as well, repotting fresh-cut stems and letting them grow.
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4
Give your plant plenty of indirect light, which will continue to encourage growth throughout the season.
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5
However, you must watch out for pests and other diseases, as with all other seasons of growth.

This plant needs only minimal care during these cold winter months.

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At this time, provide less water and reduce or stop fertilization.
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2
The plant will require no extra pruning, but will require strong indirect sunlight, so ensure it’s placed in an ideal location to keep the plant thriving and ready for spring.
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3
It's best to ensure the plant isn't exposed to freezing temperatures and kept in warm indoor rooms. Otherwise, you can leave this plant alone until the weather warms up and the plant awakens.
care_pet_and_diseases

Common Pests & Diseases

Common issues for African basil based on 10 million real cases
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Leaf deformity
Leaf deformity Leaf deformity
Leaf deformity
Leaf deformities can have a variety of causes.
Solutions: Follow these steps to revive plants with abnormal leaves. Remove damaged leaves: Plants can recover from damage when given the time to do so. Remove any deformed leaves so they don't continue drawing energy from the plant. This also creates room for healthier ones to grow. Stop using herbicide: Though herbicide damage is challenging to diagnose, gardeners can potentially prevent deformed leaves by not using any and by strictly following manufacturers instructions. Spray insecticide: Prevent pests from inhabiting plant leaves by spraying with insecticide regularly and practicing good natural pest prevention techniques. Apply a balanced fertilizer: Solve nutrient deficiencies and excesses by using a well-balanced fertilizer (organic or conventional both work) before planting, and consider topdressing when signs of stress are apparent. Fix watering schedule: If plant leaves are curled downward due to too much or too little water, adjust the watering schedule so the soil is moist, but not damp. Remove infected plants: If the plant has succumbed to a viral infection, not much can be done to revive it. Remove and destroy all compromised plant material to prevent spread to other plants.
Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
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Brown spot
plant poor
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
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Leaf deformity
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Leaf deformity
Leaf deformities can have a variety of causes.
Overview
Overview
Leaf deformity manifests in the form of curled, cupped, or distorted leaves, often first seen in the spring. There are a number of different possibilities as to the cause and it will not always be easy to isolate the problem without laboratory analysis. In the majority of cases, however, the gardener should be able to isolate the cause through close examination of the plant and the local conditions.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The plant has developed abnormal leaves. They may look similar to leaf curl, but show other problems such as:
  • stunting
  • abnormal shapes
  • a bumpy texture
  • gaps between leaf sections
  • raised growths on the top surface
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The causes are widespread and varied and the gardener will need to examine plants carefully as well as consider environmental factors.
Disease due to insect damage: Mites, aphids, and other insects that feast on plant leaves can leave them vulnerable to viral and bacterial disease. Some, like leaf galls and rust, produce distorted leaves. If the gardener sees insects on the plants, it is likely the insect is the culprit. Some mites are too small to see, and laboratory analysis may be required.
Herbicide exposure: Herbicides can stress plant leaves. This may lead to stunted growth and a curling, cupped appearance. Even if the plant owner didn't apply herbicides, herbicide drift and planting in contaminated soils can expose plants to these chemicals. If all plants in an area have deformed leaves, the cause is likely herbicides. Herbicide exposure is also characterized by narrow new leaves.
Less than ideal growing conditions: If plants are exposed to cold temperatures right as their leaves are coming out of the bud, they might become stunted and malformed. If deformed leaves occur right after a cold spell or frost, this is likely the cause. Too much and too little water can also cause deformed leaves. Leaves curling down but not distorting is more likely to be a watering issue than a leaf deformity.
Nutrient deficiencies: A lack of critical nutrients during the growing phase, including boron, calcium, and molybdenum, may lead plant leaves to grow stunted or disfigured. If a nutrient deficiency is to blame, the leaves will also show discoloring.
Fungal infections: a variety of fungal pathogens can distort leaves, as is the case with Peach leaf curl.
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Aged yellow and dry
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Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
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More About African Basil

Plant Type
Plant Type
Herb, Shrub
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial, Annual
Spread
Spread
50 to 100 cm
Bloom Time
Bloom Time
Summer
Flower Color
Flower Color
Purple
White
Flower Size
Flower Size
5 to 30 cm
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Common Problems

Why do the leaves turn yellow or wither?

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There are many reasons for yellowing leaves. Leaves turn yellow if the temperature is lower than 13 ℃. Therefore, it is best to move plants inside in winter if the ambient temperature is too low. If the soil is dry for a long time or the soil is poorly drained, diseases may result. Keep soil moist and well-drained. If they don't get enough sunlight, plants can't produce enough energy through photosynthesis, and leaves turn yellow or wither. Your plant should be exposed to 6 or more hours of sunlight. It is also possible that insufficient soil fertility causes the leaves to turn yellow or wither, and a suitable amount of organic fertilizer can be applied to improve the plant's condition.

Why do the leaf tips wither?

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Leaf tips can wither from insufficient water or sunlight. The flowerpot may be changed and the water amount should be well controlled. Lighting should be adjusted in summer and winter to avoid blazing sunlight in summer and ensure sufficient sunlight in winter.

Why do the leaves curl and shrink?

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If the plant cannot obtain sufficient water, leaves shrink due to water shortage, so you must control how much water it gets. It is also possible that the root got damaged during a flowerpot change. The plant absorbs water from the soil through the root, so the root damage can cause water shortage. It will take some time for the plant to recover in such a case. It may also be affected by insects, such as aphids, which feed on the sap in the plant, causing the young leaves to curl and shrink. Insects can be washed away with water and/or special pesticides applied.

Why doesn't the plant have an aroma, or only a light aroma?

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The aromas of african basil vary from variety to variety, just like that of the lilac flower. Some aromas are slightly peppermint, slightly sweet, or slightly spicy. Light aromas may be caused by insufficient sunlight or fertilizer. The average time of daily sunlight exposure should be above 4 hours and slow-release fertilizer should be added.

Why doesn't it ever bloom?

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Insufficiency of sunlight or fertilizer can keep a plant from blooming. Put the plant in a bright, ventilated place, and apply a proper amount of nutrient solution each time you water. It may also be due to the long-term use of tap water with high mineral salts, so it is recommended to water with rainwater or distilled water instead of tap water.

Why do the roots of african basil rot?

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African basil is a deep-rooted plant; roots grow up to 51 to 102 cm long. Therefore, the size and depth of the flowerpot must be considerable. In addition, the growth of the root is closely related to the quality of soil, so poor drainage, permeability, and improper watering can cause the roots to rot. Sandy loam, or soil with good drainage and permeability, is preferred. Water more in summer and less in winter.
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About
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FAQ
African basil
African basil
African basil
African basil
African basil

How to Care for African Basil

African basil (Ocimum gratissimum) has an accurate name since it is a member of the basil family native to Africa, although you'll now find it in many tropical and subtropical climates as an introduced species. This aromatic herb is used in cooking to flavor foods. It is also grown commercially because it's widely used as an essential oil.
Water
Every week
Water
Sunlight
Full sun
Sunlight Sunlight detail
care_basic_guide

Basic Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterDetail

How to Water African basil?

Cultivation:WaterDetail
African basil likes a moist environment. Frequent watering is required for seedlings to keep the soil moist. Established plants should be watered once every 4-6 days in spring and fall, and every 2-4 days in summer. In winter, move inside and reduce watering.
Also, it is preferable to use rainwater and distilled water, because tap water may contain a lot of calcium, magnesium, and other mineral salts, and long-term use tends to compact the soil. Inserting a finger into the flowerpot soil. If the soil is particularly hard and dry, it needs to be watered immediately. If the soil is soft and wet, no immediate watering is required.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail

How to Fertilize African basil?

Cultivation:FertilizerDetail
An appropriate amount of quick-acting fertilizer can make african basil grow better based on the principle of less fertilizer applied more frequently. In the case of fertilizer deficiency, african basil will be short. In the prosperous growing period, organic fertilizer can be applied once every two weeks. Observe its growth and keep it growing healthily.
During spring and fall, the roots, stem, and leaves grow and the flower buds differentiate. In summer, the temperature is high and the water evaporation is fast. Liquid fertilizer should be applied in small amounts but frequently. In winter, the temperature is low and the plant grows slowly or even stops growing, so no fertilizer is required generally.
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Fertilizer

Although African basil comes from the warmer parts of the world, these plants are commonly grown as houseplants. The brilliant colored flowers of the African basil make them some of the most beautiful plants that you can own. However, if you wish to get the most out of your African basil and enjoy the greatest version of their blooms, then you must understand how to fertilize this plant correctly. Proper fertilization will help your African basil look great and remain healthy, and the sections below will show you how to feed this plant the right way.
Fertilizer, and soil nutrients in general, are an essential form of fuel that your African basil will use to maintain healthy growth. In general, plants use the nutrients they find in the soil to develop new plant material and keep their existing components in good condition. For the African basil specifically, fertilization is necessary to help this plant display the best version of its flowers. Since the flowers are the main form of attraction to this plant, most gardeners will want to do all they can to ensure the flowers appear in their best form. Fertilization is one of the most reliable ways to help your African basil produce the best possible blooms.
The African basil goes through two main phases throughout each year. The first phase is the dormant phase, in which this plant will put forth minimal new growth. This dormant phase takes place during the winter. The other phase is the active growth phase, which takes place during spring and fall, which is when your African basil will need fertilization the most. Generally, it is best to fertilize your African basil starting in the spring months. You should repeat the feeding about once per month throughout the rest of the spring and through most of the summer. As fall approaches, you can begin to reduce your fertilization rate. You want to support African basil growth, but you also don’t want to cause root burn. Your plant is actively growing in the spring and summer, it’s when the extra nutrients are necessary. In the fall and winter, your plant will enter its dormancy stage. It’s when you want to stop fertilizing.
The ideal fertilizer for a African basil is one that has a relatively balanced mix of the three main plant nutrients, with slightly higher amounts of phosphorus. Alternatively, some gardeners choose to improve their African basil 's soil by adding organic materials such as compost, worm castings, and manure. Fertilizers can come in many forms, and most of these forms will work well for your African basil. However, some of the best fertilizers for African basil come in either a liquid or a powdered form. Regardless of which you use, you should ensure that you dilute your fertilizer and apply it while watering your African basil.
Once you have found a suitable fertilizer and learned the ideal fertilization schedule for your African basil, you are ready to learn how to apply your fertilizer. When feeding your African basil, the most reliable method is to mix your liquid fertilizer with water before applying it to the soil. Each fertilizer may have different directions on how to feed your plants. Usually, it is best to follow the manufacturer's guidance on how to use the fertilizer they produce. These instructions should include information on how to properly dilute the fertilizer to prevent overfertilization. Mixing your fertilizer in water is an easy process, and once it is complete, all you need to do is pour the mixture into the soil where your African basil lives.
Overfertilization is something that you should consider when caring for any plant, but it is especially important when growing a African basil. A African basil, when overfertilized, will show clear signs of distress, which, at times, may be so serious that they lead to the death of your plant. Overfertilized African basil will likely show leaf discoloration as well, including browning. In the worst-case scenarios, excessive fertilization will draw moisture out of your plant's roots, which can cause it to decline quickly.
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Cultivation:SunlightDetail

What Are the Sunlight Requirements for African basil?

Cultivation:SunlightDetail
African basil is a full sun plant and needs sufficient sunlight during the whole growth period. It is best placed where it is exposed to sunlight for more than 6 hours average daily. Without enough sunlight, photosynthesis will be inhibited and accumulated nutrients reduced.
If the average daily sunlight exposure is less than 4 hours, thin leaves and light aroma may result. However, african basil should be properly shaded in hot summers, especially the seedlings.
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Cultivation:PruningDetail

How to Prune African basil?

Cultivation:PruningDetail
African basil can be pruned when they reach 20 cm in height. Yellow leaves, once found, should be cut off promptly. If the plant grows too exuberantly and the ornamental effect deteriorates, redundant branches can be cut off. After pruning, add a small amount of slow-release fertilizer. African basil usually dies after the seeds are ripened, and its life can be extended by cutting off the flowers to prevent the seeds from ripening.
Does my African basil need to be pruned?
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Advanced Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail

What is the Ideal Temperature Range for African basil?

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail
African basil is native to Tropical Asia and likes a warm and humid environment. It is more resistant to heat than cold, and to drought than waterlogging. The optimum growth temperature is between 22 to 28 ℃ in the daytime and 13 to 18 ℃ at night. The leaves will turn yellow if the ambient temperature is lower than 13 ℃. Damage may be caused to the plant if the temperature is lower than 10 ℃, and the leaves will droop if the temperature is higher than 35 ℃.
What is the optimal temperature for African basil?
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Does African basil require different temperatures for different growing phases?
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Does African basil need different temperatures for different seasons?
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Cultivation:SoilDetail

What Soil is Best for African basil?

Cultivation:SoilDetail
African basil is a deep-rooted plant, with the roots growing up to 51 to 102 cm deep. Therefore, well-drained, fertile, loose sandy loam or humus soil is the best culture soil. Potted plants can be planted in a mixed culture of peat and vermiculite at 2:1, or garden soil and fully decomposed organic fertilizer at 2:1.
African basil does not have strict requirements on soil conditions. It can be planted in both acid and alkaline soil and can tolerate pH values of 5-8, but neutral soil is the best.
Cultivation:PropagationDetail

How to Propagate African basil?

Cultivation:PropagationDetail
African basil can be propagated by cuttage or sowing. Sowing is the main cultural method for families.
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Propagation

The active growing season during the spring and summer is the best time to propagate African basil. During this period, the plants are generating a lot of energy for new growth and should have plenty of stems that can be used for propagation. They can also recover from having cuttings taken during this season than during the slower autumn and winter seasons. What you will need for breeding:
  1. Sharp scissors or knife
  2. Diluted bleach solution or isopropyl alcohol to clean tools
  3. Pot(s) or nursery tray with drainage holes
  4. All-purpose potting mix or seed starting mix
  5. Clear plastic bag or a humidity dome for covering cuttings
  6. Rooting hormone (optional but recommended)
Steps: Step 1: Prepare containers by filling them with moistened planting material leaving about half an inch of space from the top of the container. Step 2: Choose healthy parts for propagation. The cutting needs to have at least one leaf but should not have any flowers. Using your sterilized scissors, cut through the stem just below a leaf joint, because the root system usually grows from the there. The length of the cutting should not be too long, for once the cutting takes root, it has actually become an individual plant. No body wants a plant to grow long and thin from the beginning. Be sure to make a clean cut, and don’t crush the stem as that can leave the plant vulnerable to infection. Sterilize cutting tools between plants if you are taking multiple cuttings. Step 3: Pinch off the lower leaves on the cutting until there are just the top 4 to 6 leaves remaining. Dip the bottom end of the cutting into rooting powder (if using) according to the directions. Step 4: Make a hole in the soil for each cutting, and place the cutting inside so that the soil line is at the lower leaves. Press soil around the cutting, then repeat until all cuttings are planted and then water thoroughly. Step 5: Cover the container with the humidity dome or a clear plastic bag. Place it in a location where the cuttings can get light but no direct sunlight, as this can be too intense for cuttings. Water occasionally and do not let the African basil dry out. If there is too much humidity, remove the cover periodically to allow some evaporation.
Most species will begin to produce roots in about 3 weeks, After rooting, the plant will gradually grow new leaves, at which time you can start to harden off the African basil. Hardening off involves gradually exposing the African basil to more sunlight and removing the cover so that they have time to adjust before being moved permanently outside. Hardening off should usually take about 1 to 2 weeks depending on the outdoor conditions and the type of African basil. After this period, African basil can be planted in containers or directly in the ground.
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Cultivation:PlantingDetail

How to Plant African basil?

Cultivation:PlantingDetail
African basil is generally sown in spring and fall, and the best time for sowing is a sunny morning. The soil can be exposed to sunlight before sowing to kill harmful microorganisms in the soil. Select plump, pest-free seeds, spread them evenly in the soil, cover them with a layer of 5 mm thick soil, and spray water gently. If you worry about uneven sowing, you can mix the seeds with fine soil in advance and then spread them in the garden.
The best temperature for sowing african basil is about 20 ℃, and the seedlings are expected to grow in 4-5 days. When they grow 1-2 leaves, poor or excessively dense seedlings may be removed, and the spacing of seedlings set to about 3 to 4 cm. When 8-10 leaves grow out on one plant, the plant can be transplanted. Keep plants spaced to about 25 cm apart.
Cultivation:HarvestDetail

How to Harvest African basil?

Cultivation:HarvestDetail
African basil can be used as an ornamental plant or picked as a fragrant herb to cook with at any time. Its leaves can be harvested before flowers bloom. Cut leaves with a small knife and try to avoid damaging the roots. Its leaves can be used in cold dishes or salads, or to remove the fishy taste of seafood, and dried leaves can be used as a spice. Its stem, leaves, and flowers can be harvested before blooming. They can be used to extract essential oils. It is best to harvest them at 9:00-17:00 after 2-3 consecutive sunny days. Its seeds are generally be harvested in late summer.
PlantCare:TransplantSummary

How to Transplant African basil?

PlantCare:TransplantSummary
For african basil, the best time for transplanting is between S1-S2 – the period where it thrives most due to climatic favorability. A sunny location with well-draining soil conditions is ideal for transplanting. When transplanting remember to place them properly spaced, it encourages healthy growth.
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More Info on African Basil Growth and Care

Basic Care Guide
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Seasonal Care Tips

seasonal-tip

Seasonal Precautions

African basil is resistant to heat, so it is best to move plants indoors in winter. African basil should be properly shaded in summer; seedlings especially should not be directly exposed to strong sunlight. With hot temperatures and fast water evaporation, summer is also its most intense growing period. Use a lower concentration of liquid fertilizer in summer and fertilize more often to supplement enough nutrients and water for the plant. Smooth drainage should be ensured in summer because high humidity and poor drainage can easily cause the plant to be infected with fungus leaf spot.
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Spring

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Summer

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Fall

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Winter

Tropical herbs like your plant are easy to care for throughout the year but require a little extra attention in the spring.

more
1
Spring is the ideal time to repot root-bound plants and propagate new ones by cutting off some of the trailing vines.
more
2
Water once every week or so when the soil is drying out and fertilize with balanced, all-purpose plant food.
more
3
Ensure the plant is receiving enough sunlight but be careful to not burn the leaves.
more
4
Spring is also a good time for propagation. Carefully remove a green stem and place it in water. When roots appear, transplant the cutting to a container.

Your plant and other tropical herbs may require more frequent watering in the summer.

more
1
Check the soil weekly to see if it is drying out.
more
2
Continue feeding the plant monthly with an all-purpose fertilizer.
more
3
Remove any dead or yellowing leaves and keep the plant out of direct sunlight to avoid burning the foliage.
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4
Check the plant and surrounding area for pests. Gardeners also want to check the leaves and stem for any signs of disease.
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5
New growth can be removed from the parent plant for propagation. Place the cutting in water and replant when roots appear.

As your plant continues growing through the fall, continue your care of this plant.

more
1
Fertilize it on a monthly basis with an all-purpose fertilizer
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2
Make sure the soil is kept moist through regular watering, giving the plant water whenever the soil becomes dry.
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3
You can take cuttings and propagate more plants during this season as well, repotting fresh-cut stems and letting them grow.
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4
Give your plant plenty of indirect light, which will continue to encourage growth throughout the season.
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5
However, you must watch out for pests and other diseases, as with all other seasons of growth.

This plant needs only minimal care during these cold winter months.

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1
At this time, provide less water and reduce or stop fertilization.
more
2
The plant will require no extra pruning, but will require strong indirect sunlight, so ensure it’s placed in an ideal location to keep the plant thriving and ready for spring.
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3
It's best to ensure the plant isn't exposed to freezing temperatures and kept in warm indoor rooms. Otherwise, you can leave this plant alone until the weather warms up and the plant awakens.
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Common Pests & Diseases

Common issues for African basil based on 10 million real cases
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Learn More About the Brown spot more
Leaf deformity
Leaf deformity Leaf deformity Leaf deformity
Leaf deformities can have a variety of causes.
Solutions: Follow these steps to revive plants with abnormal leaves. Remove damaged leaves: Plants can recover from damage when given the time to do so. Remove any deformed leaves so they don't continue drawing energy from the plant. This also creates room for healthier ones to grow. Stop using herbicide: Though herbicide damage is challenging to diagnose, gardeners can potentially prevent deformed leaves by not using any and by strictly following manufacturers instructions. Spray insecticide: Prevent pests from inhabiting plant leaves by spraying with insecticide regularly and practicing good natural pest prevention techniques. Apply a balanced fertilizer: Solve nutrient deficiencies and excesses by using a well-balanced fertilizer (organic or conventional both work) before planting, and consider topdressing when signs of stress are apparent. Fix watering schedule: If plant leaves are curled downward due to too much or too little water, adjust the watering schedule so the soil is moist, but not damp. Remove infected plants: If the plant has succumbed to a viral infection, not much can be done to revive it. Remove and destroy all compromised plant material to prevent spread to other plants.
Learn More About the Leaf deformity more
Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Learn More About the Aged yellow and dry more
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
Solutions
Solutions
In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary.
Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading.
  1. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear.
  2. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread.
  3. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Prevention
Prevention
Like many other diseases, it is easier to prevent brown spot than cure it, and this is done through cultural practices.
  • Clear fall leaves from the ground before winter to minimize places where fungi and bacteria can overwinter.
  • Maintain good air movement between plants through proper plant spacing.
  • Increase air circulation through the center of plants through pruning.
  • Thoroughly clean all pruning tools after working with diseased plants.
  • Never dispose of disease plant material in a compost pile.
  • Avoid overhead watering to keep moisture off of the foliage.
  • Keep plants healthy by providing adequate sunlight, water, and fertilizer.
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Leaf deformity
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Leaf deformity
Leaf deformities can have a variety of causes.
Overview
Overview
Leaf deformity manifests in the form of curled, cupped, or distorted leaves, often first seen in the spring. There are a number of different possibilities as to the cause and it will not always be easy to isolate the problem without laboratory analysis. In the majority of cases, however, the gardener should be able to isolate the cause through close examination of the plant and the local conditions.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The plant has developed abnormal leaves. They may look similar to leaf curl, but show other problems such as:
  • stunting
  • abnormal shapes
  • a bumpy texture
  • gaps between leaf sections
  • raised growths on the top surface
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The causes are widespread and varied and the gardener will need to examine plants carefully as well as consider environmental factors.
Disease due to insect damage: Mites, aphids, and other insects that feast on plant leaves can leave them vulnerable to viral and bacterial disease. Some, like leaf galls and rust, produce distorted leaves. If the gardener sees insects on the plants, it is likely the insect is the culprit. Some mites are too small to see, and laboratory analysis may be required.
Herbicide exposure: Herbicides can stress plant leaves. This may lead to stunted growth and a curling, cupped appearance. Even if the plant owner didn't apply herbicides, herbicide drift and planting in contaminated soils can expose plants to these chemicals. If all plants in an area have deformed leaves, the cause is likely herbicides. Herbicide exposure is also characterized by narrow new leaves.
Less than ideal growing conditions: If plants are exposed to cold temperatures right as their leaves are coming out of the bud, they might become stunted and malformed. If deformed leaves occur right after a cold spell or frost, this is likely the cause. Too much and too little water can also cause deformed leaves. Leaves curling down but not distorting is more likely to be a watering issue than a leaf deformity.
Nutrient deficiencies: A lack of critical nutrients during the growing phase, including boron, calcium, and molybdenum, may lead plant leaves to grow stunted or disfigured. If a nutrient deficiency is to blame, the leaves will also show discoloring.
Fungal infections: a variety of fungal pathogens can distort leaves, as is the case with Peach leaf curl.
Solutions
Solutions
Follow these steps to revive plants with abnormal leaves.
  1. Remove damaged leaves: Plants can recover from damage when given the time to do so. Remove any deformed leaves so they don't continue drawing energy from the plant. This also creates room for healthier ones to grow.
  2. Stop using herbicide: Though herbicide damage is challenging to diagnose, gardeners can potentially prevent deformed leaves by not using any and by strictly following manufacturers instructions.
  3. Spray insecticide: Prevent pests from inhabiting plant leaves by spraying with insecticide regularly and practicing good natural pest prevention techniques.
  4. Apply a balanced fertilizer: Solve nutrient deficiencies and excesses by using a well-balanced fertilizer (organic or conventional both work) before planting, and consider topdressing when signs of stress are apparent.
  5. Fix watering schedule: If plant leaves are curled downward due to too much or too little water, adjust the watering schedule so the soil is moist, but not damp.
  6. Remove infected plants: If the plant has succumbed to a viral infection, not much can be done to revive it. Remove and destroy all compromised plant material to prevent spread to other plants.
Prevention
Prevention
  1. Fertilize properly. Keep your plants full of essential nutrients with a balanced fertilizer.
  2. Regularly monitor for pests. Remove all pests by hand or treat them with an insecticide. Early discovery and treatment will prevent the spread of pests and diseases.
  3. Provide the proper amount of water. Water until the soil is moist, but not damp. Only once the soil dries out, should the plant be watered again.
  4. Protect plants from cold. Bring plants indoors or protect them with frost cloth when bad weather is forecast.
  5. Avoid herbicide exposure. If the gardener or surrounding neighbors are applying herbicides, consider moving vulnerable plants to where they are less exposed to any chemicals that may be carried on the wind.
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Aged yellow and dry
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Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
Solutions
Solutions
If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Prevention
Prevention
Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent plants from dying of “old age.” To help prolong their life, and put off symptoms of aged yellow and dry for as long as possible, take care of them by giving them enough water, fertilizing them appropriately, and making sure they get enough sunlight.
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More About African Basil

Plant Type
Plant Type
Herb, Shrub
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial, Annual
Spread
Spread
50 to 100 cm
Bloom Time
Bloom Time
Summer
Flower Color
Flower Color
Purple
White
Flower Size
Flower Size
5 to 30 cm
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Common Problems

Why do the leaves turn yellow or wither?

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There are many reasons for yellowing leaves. Leaves turn yellow if the temperature is lower than 13 ℃. Therefore, it is best to move plants inside in winter if the ambient temperature is too low. If the soil is dry for a long time or the soil is poorly drained, diseases may result. Keep soil moist and well-drained. If they don't get enough sunlight, plants can't produce enough energy through photosynthesis, and leaves turn yellow or wither. Your plant should be exposed to 6 or more hours of sunlight. It is also possible that insufficient soil fertility causes the leaves to turn yellow or wither, and a suitable amount of organic fertilizer can be applied to improve the plant's condition.

Why do the leaf tips wither?

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Leaf tips can wither from insufficient water or sunlight. The flowerpot may be changed and the water amount should be well controlled. Lighting should be adjusted in summer and winter to avoid blazing sunlight in summer and ensure sufficient sunlight in winter.

Why do the leaves curl and shrink?

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If the plant cannot obtain sufficient water, leaves shrink due to water shortage, so you must control how much water it gets. It is also possible that the root got damaged during a flowerpot change. The plant absorbs water from the soil through the root, so the root damage can cause water shortage. It will take some time for the plant to recover in such a case. It may also be affected by insects, such as aphids, which feed on the sap in the plant, causing the young leaves to curl and shrink. Insects can be washed away with water and/or special pesticides applied.

Why doesn't the plant have an aroma, or only a light aroma?

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The aromas of african basil vary from variety to variety, just like that of the lilac flower. Some aromas are slightly peppermint, slightly sweet, or slightly spicy. Light aromas may be caused by insufficient sunlight or fertilizer. The average time of daily sunlight exposure should be above 4 hours and slow-release fertilizer should be added.

Why doesn't it ever bloom?

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Insufficiency of sunlight or fertilizer can keep a plant from blooming. Put the plant in a bright, ventilated place, and apply a proper amount of nutrient solution each time you water. It may also be due to the long-term use of tap water with high mineral salts, so it is recommended to water with rainwater or distilled water instead of tap water.

Why do the roots of african basil rot?

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African basil is a deep-rooted plant; roots grow up to 51 to 102 cm long. Therefore, the size and depth of the flowerpot must be considerable. In addition, the growth of the root is closely related to the quality of soil, so poor drainage, permeability, and improper watering can cause the roots to rot. Sandy loam, or soil with good drainage and permeability, is preferred. Water more in summer and less in winter.
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Lighting
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
Choose a site here for personalized care tips.
Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
African basil thrives beneath the sun's generous glow. The intensity and abundance of these radiant rays play a pivotal role in the plant's health, contributing to its vigorous growth. However, overexposure may lead to detrimental effects and even harm the plant. An original inhabitant of sundrenched environments, this plant has adapted to soak up a considerable amount of sunlight.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Insufficient light
African basil thrives in full sunlight but is often cultivated indoors during winter due to sensitivity to cold. This increases the chance of being placed in rooms with inadequate lighting, leading to noticeable symptoms of light deficiency.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your African basil may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
African basil enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Excessive light
African basil thrives in full sun exposure and can tolerate intense sunlight. With their remarkable resilience, symptoms of sunburn may not be easily visible, as they rarely suffer from it.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
Choose a site here for personalized care tips.
Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
African basil is native to the African landscape, flourishing in warmer climates, specifically requiring temperatures between 68 to 100°F (20 to 38℃). Seasonal temperature shifts should mimic its natural environment for optimal growth.
Regional wintering strategies
African basil is extremely heat-loving, and any cold temperatures can cause harm to it. In the autumn, it is recommended to bring outdoor-grown African basil indoors and place it near a bright window, but it should be kept at a certain distance from heaters. Maintaining temperatures above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min} during winter is beneficial for plant growth. Any temperatures approaching {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min} are detrimental to the plant.
Important Symptoms
Low Temperature
African basil prefers warm temperatures and is not tolerant of low temperatures. It thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, the leaves may lighten in color. After frost damage, the color gradually turns brown or black, and symptoms such as wilting and drooping may occur.
Solutions
Trim off the frost-damaged parts. Immediately move indoors to a warm environment for cold protection. Choose a spot near a south-facing window to place the plant, ensuring ample sunlight. Additionally, avoid placing the plant near heaters or air conditioning vents to prevent excessive dryness in the air.
High Temperature
During summer, African basil should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the color of the leaves becomes lighter, and the plant becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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Transplant
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How to Successfully Transplant African Basil?
For african basil, the best time for transplanting is between S1-S2 – the period where it thrives most due to climatic favorability. A sunny location with well-draining soil conditions is ideal for transplanting. When transplanting remember to place them properly spaced, it encourages healthy growth.
What Preparations are Needed Before Transplanting African Basil?
What is the Ideal Time for Transplanting African Basil?
The ideal span for transplanting african basil is during the intermediate season, particularly between spring and summer. This season provides perfect growing conditions for african basil as it thrives in warm weather, which accelerates its root establishment and foliage growth. Planting african basil during this time allows it to have enough time to grow before the too hot or cold season kicks in. So, there's real value in planning your garden transplantations around this period. Adopting such practices ensures you nurture a more robust african basil, creating a visually stunning and healthful garden that is sure to draw admiration.
How Much Space Should You Leave Between African Basil Plants?
To give african basil enough room to flourish, make sure to place each plant about 2-3 feet (60-90 cm) apart. This ensures they have the space to grow properly and not fight for resources!
What is the Best Soil Mix for African Basil Transplanting?
When transplanting african basil, choose a loamy or sandy soil for the best results. Mix in a slow-release base fertilizer to provide the necessary nutrients, it'll thank you for it!
Where Should You Relocate Your African Basil?
For african basil, positioning is key! They enjoy a lot of sunlight, so look for a place in your garden that gets at least 6 hours of sun each day. Your african basil will be basking in no time!
What Equipments Should You Prepare Before Transplantation African Basil?
Gardening Gloves
To protect your hands while working with the soil and african basil plant.
Shovel
You'll require for digging the ground to make a space for african basil transplant.
Watering Can
To moisten the soil both before and after transplanting african basil.
Garden Trowel
For removing african basil from its original pot or location without damaging the root ball.
How Do You Remove African Basil from the Soil?
From Ground: For the african basil plant that is currently based in the ground, first, water the area to loosen the soil. Then, use a garden trowel to dig around the plant, making sure to keep enough distance to avoid damaging the roots. Gradually go deeper and carefully lift the plant without damaging the root ball.
From Pot: For potted african basil plants, water the plant well in advance (a few hours before) to dampen the soil. Hold the base of the plant gently and turn the pot upside down. If the plant doesn’t slide out easily, tap the pot's rim on a hard surface. The plant with the root ball should then slide out.
From Seedling Tray: In case of seedling trays, first, water the seedlings thoroughly. Then gently separate a single african basil seedling taking care not to damage the young roots. Gripping them gently by their leaves, not the stem, lift each seedling out.
Step-by-Step Guide for Transplanting African Basil
Step1 Preparation
Prepare the planting area by digging a hole that is twice as wide and the same depth as the african basil plant's root ball using your shovel.
Step2 Placement
Next, gently place the african basil plant in the center of the hole, making sure the top of the root ball is level with the soil surface.
Step3 Backfilling
Backfill the hole with soil, taking care not to bury the african basil plant's stem. Tamp the soil gently around the plant to secure it.
Step4 Watering
Immediately after transplanting, water the african basil plant thoroughly. This helps the soil settle around the plant's roots.
How Do You Care For African Basil After Transplanting?
Regular Watering
Ensure the soil around the african basil plant is consistently moist but not soaked. Water it early in the morning to avoid evaporation.
Pruning
Prune the african basil plant regularly to encourage new growth and maintain its shape. Remove dead or damaged leaves and stems.
Inspecting
Be vigilant and keep an eye out for pests or diseases. Treatment in the early stages helps to control the issue effectively. Remember, healthy plants are less likely to attract pests or diseases.
Mulching
Apply a layer of organic mulch to retain moisture and suppress weeds. Keep the mulch a few inches away from african basil plant's stem to prevent rot.
Troubleshooting Common Issues with African Basil Transplantation.
When is the ideal time to transplant african basil?
The perfect time to transplant african basil is during its active growing season, specifically season 1 and season 2 (S1-S2).
What's the adequate spacing to consider when transplanting african basil?
When transplanting african basil, allow between 2-3 feet (60-90 cm) of space between each plant. This allows plenty of room for growth.
Why are my transplanted african basil plants wilting?
African basil could wilt due to transplant shock. Minimize this by watering it post-transplant, keep it in partial shade and ensure it's not too hot or cold.
How much sun does african basil need after being transplanted?
African basil prefers full or partial sun. Expose the plant to 6-8 hours of sunlight daily for optimal growth after transplanting.
How often should I water a freshly transplanted african basil?
African basil doesn't need too much water. Water your newly transplanted african basil every other day for the first week, then cut back to once a week unless it's particularly hot.
Why does my freshly transplanted african basil have brown edges?
Brown edges on your african basil could be due to overwatering. Make sure the soil is moist but not waterlogged. Allow the topsoil to slightly dry out between waterings.
What is the ideal soil type for transplanting african basil?
African basil favor well-draining, loamy or sandy soil, enriched with organic matter. Ensure the pH level is between 6.0 and 7.5 for the best growth.
Why aren't my transplanted african basil plants thriving, despite following instructions?
It's possible your african basil may not be receiving the optimal amount of nutrients. Consider enriching your soil with a balanced organic fertilizer.
What if my transplanted african basil is experiencing slow growth?
Slow growth might be due to insufficient light or improper spacing. Ensure your african basil is getting ample sunlight and has enough space as this plant requires 2-3 feet (60-90 cm) between each plant.
Why are leaves of my transplanted african basil turning yellow?
Yellow leaves could be a sign of overwatering. Allow the topsoil to slightly dry out between waterings. However, nutrient deficiency can also cause yellow leaves, so consider using an appropriate plant fertilizer.
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_ga Google Analytics These cookies are set because of our use of Google Analytics. They are used to collect information about your use of our application/website. The cookies collect specific information, such as your IP address, data related to your device and other information about your use of the application/website. Please note that the data processing is essentially carried out by Google LLC and Google may use your data collected by the cookies for own purposes, e.g. profiling and will combine it with other data such as your Google Account. For more information about how Google processes your data and Google’s approach to privacy as well as implemented safeguards for your data, please see here. 1 Year
_pta PictureThis Analytics We use these cookies to collect information about how you use our site, monitor site performance, and improve our site performance, our services, and your experience. 1 Year
Cookie Name
_ga
Source
Google Analytics
Purpose
These cookies are set because of our use of Google Analytics. They are used to collect information about your use of our application/website. The cookies collect specific information, such as your IP address, data related to your device and other information about your use of the application/website. Please note that the data processing is essentially carried out by Google LLC and Google may use your data collected by the cookies for own purposes, e.g. profiling and will combine it with other data such as your Google Account. For more information about how Google processes your data and Google’s approach to privacy as well as implemented safeguards for your data, please see here.
Lifespan
1 Year

Cookie Name
_pta
Source
PictureThis Analytics
Purpose
We use these cookies to collect information about how you use our site, monitor site performance, and improve our site performance, our services, and your experience.
Lifespan
1 Year
Marketing Cookies
Marketing cookies are used by advertising companies to serve ads that are relevant to your interests.
Cookie Name Source Purpose Lifespan
_fbp Facebook Pixel A conversion pixel tracking that we use for retargeting campaigns. Learn more here. 1 Year
_adj Adjust This cookie provides mobile analytics and attribution services that enable us to measure and analyze the effectiveness of marketing campaigns, certain events and actions within the Application. Learn more here. 1 Year
Cookie Name
_fbp
Source
Facebook Pixel
Purpose
A conversion pixel tracking that we use for retargeting campaigns. Learn more here.
Lifespan
1 Year

Cookie Name
_adj
Source
Adjust
Purpose
This cookie provides mobile analytics and attribution services that enable us to measure and analyze the effectiveness of marketing campaigns, certain events and actions within the Application. Learn more here.
Lifespan
1 Year
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