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About
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Basic Care
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Advanced Care
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New Plant Care

How to Care for Moss Rose

Moss rose is an ornamental flowering semi-succulent plant native to South America. Gardeners can cultivate this easy-to-grow plant in annual flowerbeds, in containers, or in hanging baskets because of its trailing habit. Different cultivars have been selected and propagated for achieving striking variations in color, shape, and petal number of the flowers.
symbolism

Symbolism

compassion, exaltedness, a confession of love
Water
Water
Twice per week
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
Moss rose play
Moss rose
video play
Moss rose
Moss rose
Moss rose
care_basic_guide

Basic Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterDetail

How to Water Moss rose?

Moss rose is drought-tolerant. Just water once or twice a week in the spring and fall. Water is lost more quickly in the summer due to higher temperatures, requiring watering two to three times a week. In winter, it's sufficient to water once every 15 days. Adjust the frequency of watering based on the weather conditions.
Water in small amounts and with higher frequency. Too much water at a time can easily lead to root rot and even the death of the entire plant. Also, the best time to water varies with the season. The best time to water in the summer is in the morning or evening, while the best time to water in the winter is at noon on sunny days.
Cultivation:WaterDetail
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What should I do if I water my Moss rose too much or too little?
Underwatered Moss rose
Moss rose and other succulents can endure long periods without water, so it’s unusual to find one of these suffering from underwatering. But, if you somehow forgot about your plant and neglected to water it for a month or more, you’ll probably find your Moss rose looking thirsty or with some leaf damage from lack of watering.
It is very easy to identify an underwatered Moss rose. The leaves will look shriveled, dry, and flat. Some may have dried up completely, turned brown and crispy, or dropped off the plant, starting with the lower leaves and moving upward as the dry conditions continue. And of course, the soil will be completely dried out.
If your Moss rose is thirsty and underwatered, give it plenty of water as soon as possible. Submerging the pot entirely in water for about 5-10 minutes is a good way to make sure the soil and plant are rehydrated properly. When you feel a sense of moisture on the surface of the soil with your finger, it means the watering is done properly. If there are dried out leaves still attached, go ahead and pluck them off to make room for new growth.
Overwatered Moss rose
Overwatering is dangerous to Moss rose and can be fatal to your plant if you don’t remedy the situation. Too much moisture over time leads to root rot, which prevents the roots from being able to absorb nutrients and water from the soil. Root rot occurs when wet conditions allow fungi and bacteria to flourish in the soil and feed on roots. When you find that it's overwatered, you'd better change the growing conditions, place it somewhere with more air ventilation and adjust water frequency, for example.
The symptoms of overwatering are yellow, swollen, and translucent leaves that may even burst open from being over-full with water. If the problem continues without being treated, leaves might turn brown or black, and fall off the plant at the slightest touch. Be sure to check the soil to determine if overwatering is the culprit, as some other issues can cause similar symptoms.
It’s a bit difficult (but not impossible) to save an overwatered plant. The key is catching it early before a lot of damage has occurred. If the roots become rotten, it is likely to kill the entire plant. If you suspect you have overwatered your Moss rose, the first step is to remove it from its pot and check the roots and soil.
After removing the plant from its pot, gently remove wet soil from around the roots and then rinse them clean in room-temperature water. This helps with removing fungus that might be lurking in the soil and allows you to get a better sense of how healthy the roots are. If your plant has already developed root rot, you will see roots that are dark brown or black, soft, mushy, or slimy.
If the majority of the roots are already affected by root rot, it may not be possible to save the plant. In this case, it is best to remove any healthy leaves and try to use these to propagate a new Moss rose. Luckily, this plant is easy to propagate even from a single leaf. If, on the other hand, only a portion of the roots have succumbed to rot and other healthy roots still remain, there is a chance it can be saved.
Use a sterilized cutting tool to remove any unhealthy-looking roots. Once you're left with only the firm, pale roots, it’s a good idea to dip them in a fungicide to kill off any remaining spores. After that you can repot your Moss rose in fresh, free-draining potting soil. While this does not always work to save a succulent with root rot, in most cases this plant will be able to make a full recovery and will put out new growth starting in the next growing season.
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How often should I water my Moss rose?
There’s not a hard-and-fast rule for how often to water Moss rose. The best way to determine this is to check the soil and only water when it’s bone dry. You can either stick your finger in the pot or use a moisture meter to check the soil below the surface. When you plant it in a deep pot, you can do this with a stick or chopstick. If it feels even a little bit moist, wait a few days and check it again.
Most people will need to water Moss rose about every two weeks in summer and once a month in winter, but there are several factors that can change the frequency. The section below lists some considerations that can help you to determine how often to water.
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What should I consider when watering my Moss rose?
There are several environmental conditions that will affect how your Moss rose needs to be watered, including the container size, soil type, temperature, and humidity.
First off, the container and soil you use will determine how often to water and how much water to use each time. Be sure you use a container with plenty of drainage holes in the bottom so extra water can escape the pot. A small container has less room for soil, meaning it won’t hold as much moisture, while a larger pot will stay wet longer and need to be watered less often. It’s important not to keep your Moss rose in an oversized pot as this can easily lead to overwatering. When repotting, move to just one size larger than the current container. A shallow container works better than a deep one, since Moss rose has shallow root systems.
Moss rose will need to be watered less often in winter and more often in the active growing season in spring and autumn. During the winter, growth slows down considerably and the plant isn’t using much energy or water. There is less water lost to evaporation in cooler winter air, meaning that soil stays wet for much longer than it would in the summer.
This also applies to the general climate around your home. If you live in a humid location with a lot of rain, you will need to water less often than if you live in a dry, arid climate. Remember that conditions at the same geographic location can vary significantly with the season and the use of indoor heating and air conditioning.
Outdoor Planting
If Moss rose is planted in the ground, after establishing a root system, it shouldn’t need supplemental water beyond what it receives through precipitation and dew. But if there is a long dry period, you may want to water occasionally. In other areas where Moss rose can only be grown in a container, this plant can be moved outside in the spring and summer when the temperature is proper and then brought back inside when temperatures start to drop. A potted Moss rose kept outside usually needs more water than the same plant kept indoors, because there is a lot more sun exposure even on a shaded porch.
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How to water Moss rose?
The best way to water Moss rose is to soak it thoroughly and then allow it to dry out before it gets watered again. Since this plant is somewhat drought tolerant, you can let it get quite dry before watering again. It is always better to give this type of plant too little water over too much.
When you water, make sure the soil gets thoroughly soaked throughout the whole pot. Don’t pour the water in just one spot, but rather try to go around the whole rim of the planter to be sure that it has a chance to get wet on all sides of the plant. The correct amount of water will depend on the size of your container and how much water your soil absorbs. Give your Moss rose enough water that it drains out from the drainage holes and then (ideally) leave the drained water in the saucer for about 20-30 minutes to absorb into dry pockets of soil. After that, discard any excess water that’s still in the saucer to avoid the soil getting waterlogged.
Bottom-watering is also an excellent method for the Moss rose, as you can be sure that the soil gets thoroughly moistened. This process involves placing the pot into a saucer of water and allowing the soil to absorb moisture through the drainage holes. You will know that the soil has absorbed enough water when the top layer is moist. This takes a bit more time than top-watering, but is almost foolproof in getting an even distribution of water throughout the pot.
The original habitat of Moss rose is relatively dry with little rain, but when it rains, the soil will be thoroughly moistened. So you can mimic this situation by bottom-watering your plant when the soil is totally dry. Deep soil bathing is better than frequent light watering for Moss rose.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail

How to Fertilize Moss rose?

Moss rose tolerates barren soil but grows best in fertile soil. A small amount of organic or slow-release fertilizer can be mixed into the culture media before sowing. Fertilize twice a year and only use a water-soluble fertilizer that is balanced in nutrients. Split each application into multiple applications of lower concentration fertilizers to promote more vigorous foliage growth.
In late spring, the plant begins to form flower buds. Applying low concentration phosphorus and potassium fertilizers once every two weeks can promote more flowering and make the flowers more colorful. In addition, ensure moss rose gets sufficient sunlight to help it absorb nutrients better.

Fertilizer

Often found growing in rock gardens and used in xeriscaping, Moss rose adds plenty of interest and texture to the area. It is a slow-growing plant, and this affects its care. Moss rose does not require a lot of nutrients to thrive. Knowing when and how to feed your specimen will help ensure you get years of enjoyment from your plant. Fertilizing Moss rose adds nutrients to the growing medium. Even though it does store water and nutrients, applying plant food during the growing season helps support healthy growth. Fertilizing can also encourage mature specimens to produce blooms in the growing season.
While all plants benefit from additional nutrients, Moss rose only needs a light dose of fertilizer during the growing season. The frequency of fertilization should be 1-2 times a year. It is suggested to fertilize your Moss rose in the spring and autumn, but not in winter&summer when it is dormant. Be careful with repotted plants, you will want to reduce the amount of fertilizer. It’s also a good idea to wait a couple of months after repotting before you start applying fertilizer. It’s best to use a liquid plant food formulated for succulents and cacti when you are fertilizing Moss rose. Dilute the fertilizer with water to half-strength. You do not want the fertilizer building up in the soil. Apply the fertilizer to the base of the plant and water thoroughly, ensuring any excess moisture drains from the container or seeps into the ground.
It is easier to use liquid plant food when you are fertilizing Moss rose, but granules are another option. Follow the directions on the packaging, making sure you dilute liquid fertilizers to half-strength. Whether you are using granules are liquid plant food, always apply it to the soil. Cover the granules with a thin layer of soil and water regardless of the type of plant food you are using.
Over-fertilizing Moss rose is a common problem with new and experienced gardeners. The plant has low nutritional needs and it’s easy to apply a little too much fertilizer. Over-fertilizing Moss rose can burn the plant’s sensitive roots resulting in its slow decay. Without its root system, the plant cannot absorb nutrients and moisture.
Like most plants, Moss rose has a dormancy period and it is when you want to stop the applications of fertilizer. In the summer and winter, the plant ceases growing, and it is when you want to stop applying fertilizer. It’s also a good idea to cease fertilizing for the first couple of months after repotting in the spring.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail
Why do I need to fertilize my Moss rose?
Fertilizing Moss rose adds nutrients to the growing medium. Even though it does store water and nutrients, applying plant food during the growing season helps support healthy growth. Fertilizing can also encourage mature specimens to produce blooms in the growing season.
Read More more
When is the best time to fertilize my Moss rose?
While all plants benefit from additional nutrients, Moss rose only needs a light dose of fertilizer during the growing season. The frequency of fertilization should be 1-2 times a year. It is suggested to fertilize your Moss rose in the spring and autumn, but not in winter&summer when it is dormant. Be careful with repotted plants, you will want to reduce the amount of fertilizer. It’s also a good idea to wait a couple of months after repotting before you start applying fertilizer.
Read More more
When should I avoid fertilizing my Moss rose?
Like most plants, Moss rose has a dormancy period and it is when you want to stop the applications of fertilizer. In the summer and winter, the plant ceases growing, and it is when you want to stop applying fertilizer. It’s also a good idea to cease fertilizing for the first couple of months after repotting in the spring.
Read More more
What type of fertilizer does my Moss rose need?
It’s best to use a liquid plant food formulated for succulents and cacti when you are fertilizing Moss rose. Dilute the fertilizer with water to half-strength. You do not want the fertilizer building up in the soil. Apply the fertilizer to the base of the plant and water thoroughly, ensuring any excess moisture drains from the container or seeps into the ground.
Read More more
How do I fertilize my Moss rose?
It is easier to use liquid plant food when you are fertilizing Moss rose, but granules are another option. Follow the directions on the packaging, making sure you dilute liquid fertilizers to half-strength. Whether you are using granules are liquid plant food, always apply it to the soil. Cover the granules with a thin layer of soil and water regardless of the type of plant food you are using.
Read More more
What happens if I fertilize my Moss rose too much?
Over-fertilizing Moss rose is a common problem with new and experienced gardeners. The plant has low nutritional needs and it’s easy to apply a little too much fertilizer. Over-fertilizing Moss rose can burn the plant’s sensitive roots resulting in its slow decay. Without its root system, the plant cannot absorb nutrients and moisture.
Read More more
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Cultivation:SunlightDetail

What Are the Sunlight Requirements for Moss rose?

Moss rose prefers ample sunlight and needs 6-8 hours of sunlight every day to thrive and produce vibrant flowers. plant it in a sun-facing area of the garden or put the potted plant on a sun-facing balcony. Insufficient light causes fewer blooms and wilting petals and leaves. Being shaded for too long can lead to its poor growth or even death.
Cultivation:SunlightDetail
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How much sunlight does Moss rose need to grow?
Moss rose should get at least 6 hours of sun per day, and preferably more. An actual minimum number of hours can vary depending on the intensity of sunlight and other environmental factors, but it is unlikely that the Moss rose will get too much sunlight. They do fine with up to 14 hours of sun per day.
Read More more
What type of sunlight does Moss rose need?
Moss rose needs a lot of bright sunlight. As full-sun plants, they can thrive when given direct light or bright indirect sun. Some types may be able to survive with partial sun, but more sunlight is generally better.
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Should I protect Moss rose from sun exposure?
Moss rose usually grows in some of the hottest, sunniest places in the world and is well adapted to that kind of environment, so it does not need to be protected from the sun. However, you should be careful about making a sudden move into a very sunny location if your Moss rose is not used to it. Plants need time to adapt to different conditions, so start by moving this plant into the sun for a couple of hours at a time each day, then gradually lengthen the amount of sun exposure. Once adapted, most types of Moss rose will be fine in full sun and don't need protection.
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What will happen if Moss rose doesn't get enough sunlight?
Without enough sunlight, Moss rose will fail to thrive and grow. Common symptoms of inadequate sunlight include pale coloring, wilting leaves, and leaf drop. Moss rose may also exhibit etiolation (also called legginess). This condition occurs as the plant attempts to stretch toward the light source, leading to a sparse appearance and weak stems.
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What will happen if Moss rose gets too much sunlight?
Moss rose may develop shades of red, pink, or orange as a means of protection from excess sunlight, so many people like to cause mild sun stress to these plants during the summer. This is not harmful, and they will revert to their normal coloring when light levels decrease from autumn to spring.
If moved too quickly into direct sun, Moss rose can suffer from sunburn. This looks like white or brown spots on the uppermost leaves that have been exposed to the most sun. A sunburned plant should be moved to a shadier location and watered if needed. Sun-damaged leaves can be removed, and should be replaced by new growth over time.
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Does Moss rose need special care about sunlight during its different growth stages?
As with most plants, younger Moss rose will be more sensitive to strong sunlight and heat than a mature specimen. They should also be protected from direct sun immediately after being transplanted, either by a shade or by keeping the container in a shadier location until the plant is established and putting out new growth.
Read More more
Are there any cautions or tips for sunlight and Moss rose?
It is best to water Moss rose in the morning, particularly during the summer months. If water sits on the leaves or in the crown of the plant, it can burn the plant when the water heats up. It’s also best not to water in the evening, since cooler overnight temperatures slow evaporation and fungi or bacteria can develop in the moist conditions.
Moss rose grown in pots should be rotated occasionally to keep them growing symmetrically. Plants will normally grow toward the light source, so they can develop much more quickly on one side than the other if they are not rotated.
If Moss rose is allowed to get dusty, it will not be able to access sunlight to create energy. The dust acts as a barrier, so the plant may show signs of inadequate light even if it’s in a sunny location. Keep the leaves and stems clean by wiping them periodically with a damp cloth to avoid this issue.
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Cultivation:PruningDetail

How to Prune Moss rose?

Moss rose should be promptly pruned during its growing season. Otherwise, its branches spread out, lowering its ornamental value. The main task is to cut off crossed, inward- and densely-growing branches. In late fall, old, dried leaves can be pruned to improve air and light ventilation and prevent pests and diseases. When repotting or changing the soil, cut off rotten, weak and excess roots.
Cultivation:PruningDetail
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care_advanced_guide

Advanced Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail

What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Moss rose?

Moss rose prefers warm environments. It grows best in 15 to 28 ℃. If the temperature is below 10 ℃, it will grow poorly. Within the ideal temperature range, the higher the temperature, the faster it grows. It's drought-tolerant, but not resistant to waterlogging. In summer, sufficient moisture is good for flowering, but not to point of soggy soil. If the soil is too damp for too long, it can cause the leaves to wilt and even the roots to rot.
Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail
What's the ideal temperature for your Moss rose?
It is more suitable to keep the Moss rose in a particular range of conditions. Temperatures the same as 75-90℉ (25-32℃) are ideal for it. During the early winter season, the temperature shouldn't go below 75℉(25℃) for Moss rose. You can even move it indoors as it will have better protection from the extremes.
Despite that, the Moss rose can survive in some extreme temperatures. Sometimes can survive in low temperatures like 50℉ (15℃), but it is not ideal. You should bring it inside if winter conditions are expected outside.
Read More more
How should I adjust the temperature for my Moss rose during different growing phases?
Moss rose has different growing phases. In the first stage, the dormant seed grows and transforms into a seedling. The dormant seeds need the appropriate conditions in their surroundings to grow as their seeds need a temperature of 75-90℉ (25-32℃) to germinate. The ideal time to make it grow vigorously is during the summer, as the most suitable temperature is around 85℉(30℃). You can adjust the placement of your Moss rose from indoors to sunlight during the hot summer months to receive enough sunlight.
Read More more
How can I keep my Moss rose warm in cold seasons?
It's advisable to bring your Moss rose indoors to avoid the harsh winter conditions. People opt to buy different types of grow light to provide enough sunlight for the plant. However, if your home is not extremely dark, it is not essential to buy these lights. Keep your plants where they will get the most sunlight possible. There should be sufficient light to keep the Moss rose thriving in winter. If you have several Moss rose, then keep them rotating so that they all receive enough sunlight.
Avoid placing your Moss rose too close to the window if you live in northern areas with frigid weather. The cold may be extreme to them, due to which they might get damaged.
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What happens to my Moss rose when the temperature is too high or too low?
Your Moss rose can grow better in summers and do better in warm temperatures 90℉(32℃) but you should protect it from temperature extremes during hot climates.
However, during winter, it is better to keep your plant dry. Moss rose do well in temperate climates having temperatures between 75-90℉ (25-32℃). However, some gardeners can expose their Moss rose to extreme temperatures causing stress in their plants. While high temperatures ranging between 90℉ and 95℉(32-35℃) can help maintain the deep colors for Moss rose, you must be careful when trying out such experiment. During the hot summer season extremely high temperatures can burn your Moss rose damaging their stem and root system. During the hottest time of the day (when the temperature is extremely high), consider relocating your plant to a shaded place or protect them with a shade cloth.
Read More more
How should I adjust the temperature for my Moss rose in different seasons?
In summers, high temperatures make the growth of Moss rose slowed down to survive in too hot a temperature.
As the cooler periods and rainfall begins, the Moss rose starts growing. If the place you live in has hot summers and warm winters with more rainfalls, you aren't required to change anything.
However, if you live in a place with cold winters, you should let your Moss rose grow more in summer and rest in winter. It is because there is not enough sunlight for Moss rose to grow in winter.
You can help your Moss rose enter dormancy if you live in a place with cold temperatures by decreasing the temperature to 50℉ to 75℉ (15℃ to 25℃).
Read More more
How can I keep my Moss rose warm without a heating pad?
To withstand freezing temperatures outside, as a solution, you can insulate your Moss rose with frost cloths, row covers, tents etc. You can also mulch your Moss rose with small rocks. Mulching the Moss rose soil will provide warmth to your plants and will not let you over-water the plant.
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How can I protect my Moss rose from temperature damage?
Moss rose is adapted to sunlight and requires sufficient sunlight for healthy growth. You can place it in an outdoor environment without any shade. However, Moss rose shouldn't be kept for a long time in the blazing sunlight in the hot summer when it requires to be put under shade so that extreme temperature doesn't damage them. If the winter is extreme in our area, you must keep your Moss rose indoors to keep them away from frost.
Read More more
What are the tips and precautions for keeping my Moss rose at the right temperature?
Increase water and fertilizer during the growth of plants in spring and summer. Prevent your plant from receiving too much sunlight. To cool plants, spray water around them when the temperature is exceptionally high but don't put water on their stem.
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Cultivation:SoilDetail

What Soil is Best for Moss rose?

Moss rose is highly adaptable and can grow well in all types of soil. It grows best in well-ventilated, well-drained, sandy soils. It prefers slightly acidic to neutral soils with an ideal pH value of 5.5-7.0. It should not be planted in clay soils, which may rot the roots if the soil is poorly drained. Pot moss rose in a mixture of nutrient soil and sand.
Cultivation:SoilDetail
Cultivation:PropagationDetail

How to Propagate Moss rose?

Moss rose seeds can be harvested in the fall. You can also propagate it by using cuttings. Pick robust, disease-free branches in summer, cut off 5 to 10 cm, and insert them into sterilized, loose sandy soil. Keep each branch 10 cm or so distant from each other. Provide higher temperature and humidity, and soon new plants will develop from the cuttings.

Propagation

Moss rose is a lovely plant. If you want to get more of this plant, you can propagate it as follows. The active growing season during the spring and summer is the best time to propagate Moss rose. During this period, the plants are generating a lot of energy for new growth and should have plenty of stems that can be used for propagation. They can also recover from having cuttings taken during this season than during the slower autumn and winter seasons. The following are what you need to prepare before the propagation.
  1. Sharp scissors or knife
  2. Diluted bleach solution or isopropyl alcohol to clean tools
  3. Pot(s) or nursery tray with drainage holes
  4. Special soil for succulents
  5. Clear plastic bag or a humidity dome for covering cuttings
  6. Rooting hormone (optional but recommended)
Steps: Step 1: Prepare containers by filling them with moistened planting material leaving about half an inch of space from the top of the container. Step 2: Choose healthy parts for propagation. Using your sterilized scissors, trim the leaves from the part of the stem that is inserted into the soil below, leaving only the stem, as the leaves rot easily when buried in the soil. The length of the cutting should not be too long, for once the cutting takes root, it has actually become an individual plant. No body wants a plant to grow long and thin from the beginning. Be sure to make a clean cut, and don’t crush the stem as that can leave the plant vulnerable to infection. Sterilize cutting tools between plants if you are taking multiple cuttings. Step 3: Leave them for 1-2 days, as you need to wait for the cut wounds to dry before taking cuttings. Dip the bottom end of the cutting into rooting powder (if using) according to the directions. Step 4: Make a hole in the soil for each cutting, and place the cutting inside so that the soil line is at the lower leaves. Press soil around the cutting, then repeat until all cuttings are planted and then water thoroughly. Step 5: Place it in a location where the cuttings can get light but no direct sunlight, as this can be too intense for cuttings. Water occasionally and do not let the Moss rose dry out. Most species will begin to produce roots in about 3 weeks, After rooting, the plant will gradually grow new leaves, at which time you can start to harden off the Moss rose. Hardening off involves gradually exposing the Moss rose to more sunlight so that they have time to adjust before being moved permanently outside. Hardening off should usually take about 1 to 2 weeks depending on the outdoor conditions and the type of Moss rose. After this period, Moss rose can be planted in containers or directly in the ground.
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Cultivation:PropagationDetail
Cultivation:PlantingDetail

How to Plant Moss rose?

Moss rose is generally sown in the spring. Because of its tiny seeds, it's often sown in seedling trays. Spread the seeds evenly over the soil and lightly cover with a layer of soil. Spray water every morning and evening to keep the soil moist. Temperatures above 20 ℃ are good for seed germination. With temperatures between 24 to 29 ℃, seedlings generally sprout in about two weeks.
When the seedlings grow 3-5 leaves or grow to 10 cm tall, they can be transplanted to a pot or the garden. If planted in a garden, make sure that each plant is about 20 to 30 cm apart from each other. You can apply a little base fertilizer before transplanting, and remember to water it once after transplanting to ensure healthy growth.
Cultivation:PlantingDetail
Cultivation:HarvestDetail

How to Harvest Moss rose?

Moss rose flowers can be harvested for decoration. Harvest them in the morning when the temperature is cool. Select flowers that haven't fully bloomed, cut off the base of the branches at an inclined angle with garden scissors, and insert them into clean water as soon as possible.
Cultivation:HarvestDetail
PlantCare:TransplantSummary

How to Transplant Moss rose?

To ensure successful transplantation of moss rose, it's best to move them during the heart of spring when temperatures are ideal. Choose a sunny location with well-drained soil. Remember to keep the root ball intact, offering moss rose a seamless transition to their new environment.
PlantCare:TransplantSummary
Cultivation:PottingSuggestions

How to Repot Moss rose?

Needs excellent drainage in pots.
Cultivation:PottingSuggestions
care_scenes

More Info on Moss Rose Growth and Care

Basic Care Guide
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Water
Twice per week
Moss rose comes from hot, arid regions of Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina. It is commonly found in sandy or rocky soil, often in coastal areas. These dry and sunny environments have low levels of rainfall and are characterized by high temperatures and strong sunlight. As a result, moss rose has adapted to survive in drought-like conditions and requires infrequent watering. It is crucial to allow the soil to dry out between waterings to avoid overwatering, as moss rose thrives in well-draining soil.
Watering Techniques
Lighting
Full sun
Moss rose flourishes in regions where the sun is fully visible and not obscured. This assists its growth and development, yet it shows resilience when exposed to areas having a moderate share of sunshine. Too much or too little sun may be detrimental, leading to poor foliage and bloom.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
0 43 ℃
Moss rose is native to warm regions and thrives in temperatures between 68 to 100°F (20 to 38℃). Cooler temperatures can see a slowdown in growth. In the colder months, move it to a warmer, sheltered spot to keep it thriving.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Transplant
6-12 inches
To ensure successful transplantation of moss rose, it's best to move them during the heart of spring when temperatures are ideal. Choose a sunny location with well-drained soil. Remember to keep the root ball intact, offering moss rose a seamless transition to their new environment.
Transplant Techniques
Feng shui direction
South
Moss rose is considered harmonious within the realm of Feng Shui for its vibrant flowers and auspicious energy. When positioned in the South, it attracts success and boosts one's reputation. However, placements should remain balanced to work in accordance with individual elements and layout.
Fengshui Details
care_seasonal_tips

Seasonal Care Tips

seasonal-tip

Seasonal Precautions

When summer temperatures are high, water evaporates quickly, so pay attention to watering moss rose to ensure sufficient moisture. In areas where the winter outdoor temperature is lower than its required temperature for normal growth, move potted moss rose plants indoors to ensure it overwinters safety.
In the fall, moss rose seeds tend to scatter as they ripen, and when the seeds fall to the ground, they can naturally germinate and grow into new plants the following year when temperature and moisture conditions are suitable. If you find moss rose growing too densely, you can collect the seeds and discard the plants promptly.
seasonal-tip
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Spring

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Summer

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Fall

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Winter

The plant and similar succulent plants resume growing in the spring after winter dormancy.

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1
Water the plant once or twice a month when the soil begins drying out.
more
2
An application of a balanced fertilizer every two weeks helps support healthy growth.
more
3
Pruning old growth encourages blooming and branching for a fuller plant.
more
4
Spring is also the time to repot the succulent if necessary.
more
5
Pay attention to the temperature in the early spring, this plant requires warmth and sunlight to resume growing.
more
6
Cutting off a leaf and setting it in a fresh growing medium is an easy way to propagate your plant.

Succulents like this plant are actively growing in the summer.

more
1
Keep an eye on soil moisture levels. Do not allow the soil to completely dry out.
more
2
Continue fertilizing every couple of weeks with all-purpose plant food.
more
3
The plant also requires plenty of sunlight during the day to encourage blooming.
more
4
Prune back the old flowers after blooming at the end of the summer.
more
5
While your plant is actively growing, you can also remove stems for propagation. Place the stem in fresh soil and lightly water it.

While your plant is starting to enter dormancy towards the end of fall, it's still growing for much of the season.

more
1
Continue watering and fertilizing on a regular schedule, but reduce both of these routines as the season winds down and begins reaching dormancy.
more
2
Use an all-purpose fertilizer and water the plant when the soil is dry; make sure to err on the side of dry soil rather than soggy soil.
more
3
Keep making sure your plant receives enough light during this time, particularly during the morning or evening hours, which will help the plant grow well.

During the cold winter months, the plant usually goes into a dormant state.

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1
Reduce watering your plant in the winter to give it a rest and let it lie dormant. It’s best to keep the plant dry during this season, rather than risk it being soggy.
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2
Make sure it receives an adequate amount of sunlight, typically in the morning or evening, although it’s not as urgent during dormancy.
more
3
Since these plants don't survive in freezing outdoor temperatures, keep them in sufficiently warm rooms indoors, away from drafts or cold windows.
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4
For the most part, you can leave these hardy plants to themselves during these colder months.
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Common Pests & Diseases

Common issues for Moss rose based on 10 million real cases
Flower withering
Flower withering Flower withering
Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Solutions: If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible. For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface. In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well. If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
Wilting after blooming
Wilting after blooming Wilting after blooming
Wilting after blooming
Flowers may wither for a variety of reasons.
Solutions: Check the soil or potting medium. Coarse textures can allow water to drain too rapidly, preventing the plant from taking up enough. If the soil and roots seem very dry, add sphagnum moss or other mediums that hold water. Water according to recommendations for each plant's species. Low humidity can be corrected by misting the plant regularly or placing it near a humidifier. Keeping it near other plants helps, too. Keep the environment consistent in terms of temperature, humidity, and lighting. Keep it away from vents, heaters, and air conditioners, and avoid moving it to locations where it will experience a temperature shock. Hot, dry heat, and cold drafts are problematic for many plants. Especially if the plant is outside, it could be experiencing heat or light stress. Try moving it to a shadier location.
Thrips
Thrips Thrips
Thrips
Thrips are 1 to 2 mm bugs with slender black or translucent-yellow bodies. They move quickly and feed on the plant's sap.
Solutions: Thrips can be controlled in several ways. Spray plants with Pyrethrin, which is an organic pesticide derived from marigolds (follow label instructions) or Permethrin, the synthetic version of Pyrethrin. Introduce beneficial insects to the garden that eat thrips, such as minute pirate bugs and green lacewings. Remove heavily infested plants from the area and discard. Address viral diseases that may have been transmitted by the pests. For less serious cases -use a hose to spray the thrips off of the plants.
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Solutions: Bacterial infections need to be treated quickly to prevent the spread to neighboring, healthy plants, potentially wiping out large sections of your indoor or outdoor garden. In mild cases: Use sterilized (10% bleach solution) pruning shears or scissors to remove any infected plant parts, making sure to dispose of them off site. Use a copper-based bactericide to treat the unaffected foliage, as well as the soil, and neighboring plants. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label. In severe cases, where more than half the leaves are affected: Remove all of the infected plants from the garden, disposing of them off site. Treat the soil and neighboring plants using a copper-based bactericide. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
Fire ants
Fire ants Fire ants
Fire ants
Fire ants gnaw on the roots of plants and are aggressive toward people.
Solutions: Caution: fire ants are venomous and cause painful bites which can be fatal in the case of a rare but significant allergy. Fire ants can be a painful pest to have around for you and your plants. Keeping them under control will ensure comfortable gardening for all. For less severe cases: Physically remove mounds. Dig out and remove entire mounds (remember, they go deeper than they seem). Use citrus oil. Pour citrus oil, which is toxic to fire ants, down their holes. For severe cases: Use ant bait. For a chemical solution, broadcast insecticide bait formulated for fire ants in the area around a mound. Apply the bait during a dry evening so the ants can forage for it at night. Look for products that contain Indoxacarb. Release phorid flies. Introduce or promote beneficial phorid flies to gardens. These parasitic flies attack invasive fire ants. Hire a professional. Some ant baits are only available to professional exterminators. For serious cases of fire ants, consider hiring a professional.
Leaf miners
Leaf miners Leaf miners
Leaf miners
Leaf miners scar the leaves with curved white streaks or rounded white spots with brown centers.
Solutions: Leaf miners, although relatively harmless at first, can quickly multiply and devastate your plants in the coming weeks. For severe cases: Spray an organic insecticide. For an organic solution, spray a diluted mixture of azadirachtin, a compound derived from neem seeds, above and below leaves. Spray a synthetic insecticide. Spray a product that contains spinosad, such as Entrust, making sure to cover all sides of the leaves. Introduce beneficial insects. Introduce beneficial insects that eat leaf miners, such as parasitic wasps or Syrphid flies. For less severe cases: Prune infected tissue. Remove and dispose of leaves that have any sign of leaf miner damage.
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Flower withering
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Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Overview
Overview
Flower withering occurs when flowers become weak, droopy, wilted, or faded until they can’t be revived. During withering, they begin to wrinkle and shrink until the flower becomes completely dry or dead.
Any flowers, regardless of the plant type or the climate they are grown in, are susceptible to withering. It is a worldwide problem across houseplants, herbs, flowering ornamentals, trees, shrubs, garden vegetables, and food crops.
Unlike wilting—which withering is often confused with—withering can be caused by different things and is often due to more than a lack of water. Withering can be fatal in severe cases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Flower withering progresses from very mild cases to severe occurrences that kill the flower. The severity of the symptoms is related to the cause and how long the condition is allowed to progress before action is taken.
  • Wilted, droopy flowers
  • Petals and leaves begin to wrinkle
  • Brown papery streaks or spots appear on the petals and leaf tips
  • Flowerhead shrink in size
  • Petal color fades
  • Yellowing leaves
  • Complete death of the flower
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The main causes of flower withering include natural age progress, lack of water, nutritional deficiencies, and bacterial or fungal diseases. It’s critical to determine the underlying cause when flower withering is noticed. This will guide the best course of action, if treatment is possible.
Check the soil for moisture and then closely examine the entire plant for signs of nutrient deficiencies. If neither of those appears to be the cause then cut open the stem below a flower. If a cross-section reveals brown or rust-colored stains it is safe to assume that this is a bacterial or fungal infection.
If the flower is nearing the end of its normal lifespan, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence, or cell aging and death. Cell division stops and the plant begins breaking down resources within the flower to use in other parts of the plant.
In all other cases, flower withering happens when the plant seals off the stem as a defense mechanism, stopping transport within the vascular system. This prevents further water loss through the flowers but also stops bacteria and fungi from moving to healthy parts of the plant. Once water and nutrient transport stops, the flower begins to wither and ultimately die.
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Wilting after blooming
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Wilting after blooming
Flowers may wither for a variety of reasons.
Overview
Overview
Wilting after blooming is sometimes a natural aging process of the flower, while other times it may indicate a problem. Orchids, for example, can bloom for anywhere from two weeks to three months, so wilting after a few days signals a problem for most varieties. This can happen to virtually any ornamental flowering plant, but those with shallow roots and limited tolerance for drought, full sun, and low humidity are more susceptible.
This is a common problem, and often has an easy fix. Sometimes, however, it is the result of more serious causes such as pests or disease of the root system.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  • At first, flowers may look a little limp.
  • Petals may start to appear dried out and turn brown.
  • Eventually they may drop off the plant all together.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Wilting blooms can be a sign of an unhealthy root system. Any condition that prevents the plant from absorbing enough water and nutrition can result in wilting blooms and sometimes other symptoms. If the plant doesn’t have enough water, it cannot maintain appropriate pressure within stems, leaves, and blooms, causing them to wilt.
This can result from physical damage – for example from root breakage during re-potting or attack by insects like cutworms. If you recently re-potted your plant, physical damage to the roots is a likely cause. If you see insects, they may be eating leaves, roots, or flowers. Fungal infections can also cause root rot and damage, preventing water and nutrient uptake.
Finally, wilting blooms can result simply from age. If no other symptoms are visible, it may simply signal the natural end of the flower’s lifespan. If it seems premature, this may be caused by environmental factors: water, humidity, light, or stress. Under-watering is a common cause. Similarly, plants adapted to high humidity dry out easily when humidity is low, like during winter or in dry climates. Too much light can also stress plants that need shade, causing blooms to wilt.
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Thrips
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Thrips
Thrips are 1 to 2 mm bugs with slender black or translucent-yellow bodies. They move quickly and feed on the plant's sap.
Overview
Overview
Thrips are tiny, flying, sap-sucking insects that attack the tender parts of plants, causing scarring and weakening of the plant and sometimes, if the infestation is severe enough, plant death. They have undersized double wings with a fringe on them, resembling tiny, misshapen damselflies. Thrips have a taste for many houseplants and crops, making them a serious nuisance.
They appear in early spring after the last frost has occurred. If not controlled in early spring, they will persist for most of the season. They are often attracted to weakened plants, such as those struck by drought/underwatering or malnutrition. Excessive use of nitrogen fertilizer also seems to attract them to a plant. Thrips can spread various viruses between plants, leading to more serious damage.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Thrips are so small that they may not be noticed (1 to 2 mm long), but infested plants present several key signs. Tiny pale spots appear on leaves, which may start to deform, show white or silver discoloration, or become papery in texture.
Flower petals may be damaged as well, and might display color break, which is dark or pale discoloring of petal tissue damaged before the buds had a chance to open. Fruits may show scabby or silvery scarring. Tiny black spots of the insects' excrement may be visible.
As the infestation progresses, infested terminals roll and become discolored, and leaves may drop prematurely. The plant's growth may be stunted. Secondary viral and bacterial infections, which thrips can transmit, may become evident.
The good news? Thrips rarely kill or seriously weaken shrubs and trees. Smaller plants, such as vegetable crops and herbaceous ornamentals, tend to be more severely affected.
Solutions
Solutions
Thrips can be controlled in several ways.
  • Spray plants with Pyrethrin, which is an organic pesticide derived from marigolds (follow label instructions) or Permethrin, the synthetic version of Pyrethrin.
  • Introduce beneficial insects to the garden that eat thrips, such as minute pirate bugs and green lacewings.
  • Remove heavily infested plants from the area and discard.
  • Address viral diseases that may have been transmitted by the pests.
  • For less serious cases -use a hose to spray the thrips off of the plants.
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Leaf rot
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Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Overview
Overview
Leaf rot is very common among both house plants and garden plants. It affects foliage and occurs mainly when the leaves become wet due to rain or misting by the gardener. The cause is fungal disease and this is facilitated by the fungal spores adhering to wet leaves then penetrating the leaf and expanding rapidly. Damp conditions and poor air circulation will increase chances of infection taking place. Another factor are leaves that are damaged or have been penetrated by sap sucking insects that facilitate plant penetration.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  1. Spores are able to cling to a damp leaf and penetrate, often through an existing wound.
  2. A small dark brown mark appears which expands rapidly as sporulation starts to take place.
  3. Quite quickly these bull's eye like circles can link together and the whole leaf turns dark and loses texture.
  4. Leaf drop occurs.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
These symptoms are caused by a bacterial infection invading the plant. Bacteria from many sources in the environment (air, water, soil, diseased plants) enter a plant through wounds, or in some cases the stomata when they are open. Once inside the leaf tissue, the bacteria feed and reproduce quickly, breaking down healthy leaves.
Bacterial infections threaten most plant species, and are more prominent in wet weather that more easily transfers the bacteria from plant to plant, or from soil to plant.
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Fire ants
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Fire ants
Fire ants gnaw on the roots of plants and are aggressive toward people.
Overview
Overview
Fire ants are a group of ants that are known for their aggressive behavior and painful stings. Some fire ants are native and others are invasive from other countries. Once they reach plants, they climb them and chew away at leaves and flower buds.
Fire ants also kill and eat beneficial insects such as caterpillars, ladybugs, mantis, and native ants. They can be a problem any time temperatures are above freezing, but new infestations are most likely to appear when brought in via contaminated material such as potting soil or mulch, or when insecticides have harmed populations of beneficial insects that would otherwise control populations of fire ants.
They can be difficult to control, especially once populations become large. Plant damage is typically minor, but fire ants can destroy seedlings.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The number one symptom of fire ants is seeing the ants themselves which are red or black in color. Ant mounds in the ground are also signs. Fire ant mounds rarely exceed 46 cm in diameter. If a fire ant mound is disturbed, many fast-moving, aggressive ants will emerge. These ants will bite and then painfully sting.
Even if no ants are visible, their damage might be apparent. Chewed leaf and flower edges might indicate fire ants. Fully eaten seedlings are another sign.
Solutions
Solutions
Caution: fire ants are venomous and cause painful bites which can be fatal in the case of a rare but significant allergy.
Fire ants can be a painful pest to have around for you and your plants. Keeping them under control will ensure comfortable gardening for all.
For less severe cases:
  • Physically remove mounds. Dig out and remove entire mounds (remember, they go deeper than they seem).
  • Use citrus oil. Pour citrus oil, which is toxic to fire ants, down their holes.
For severe cases:
  • Use ant bait. For a chemical solution, broadcast insecticide bait formulated for fire ants in the area around a mound. Apply the bait during a dry evening so the ants can forage for it at night. Look for products that contain Indoxacarb.
  • Release phorid flies. Introduce or promote beneficial phorid flies to gardens. These parasitic flies attack invasive fire ants.
  • Hire a professional. Some ant baits are only available to professional exterminators. For serious cases of fire ants, consider hiring a professional.
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Leaf miners
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Leaf miners
Leaf miners scar the leaves with curved white streaks or rounded white spots with brown centers.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The leaves on your plants are showing clear/white trails, which appear like parts have been hollowed out. These trails are narrow at first and become wide patches over time. In some cases, leaves will be completely hollow and dry on the plant. As the name suggests, leaf miners are responsible.
Leaf miners are most common in the early spring when they begin to hatch and reproduce. They are tiny 1/16th inch larvae that resemble small grains of rice. The larvae are found inside leaves. The adult stage, a fly, lays eggs in between the layers of a leaf. When the eggs hatch, the larvae eat the tender nutritious inner leaves.
Solutions
Solutions
Leaf miners, although relatively harmless at first, can quickly multiply and devastate your plants in the coming weeks.
For severe cases:
  1. Spray an organic insecticide. For an organic solution, spray a diluted mixture of azadirachtin, a compound derived from neem seeds, above and below leaves.
  2. Spray a synthetic insecticide. Spray a product that contains spinosad, such as Entrust, making sure to cover all sides of the leaves.
  3. Introduce beneficial insects. Introduce beneficial insects that eat leaf miners, such as parasitic wasps or Syrphid flies.
For less severe cases:
  1. Prune infected tissue. Remove and dispose of leaves that have any sign of leaf miner damage.
Prevention
Prevention
Although leaf miners are easy to control, preventing them is ideal. Our recommendations are:
  1. Physically exclude adults. Cover plants with floating row covers as soon as you put them in the ground.
  2. Remove weeds and debris. Keep your garden weeded to lower the number of plants leaf miners can feed and breed on.
  3. Avoid introducing infected plants. Carefully inspect new plants for leaf miners before adding them to your garden or home.
  4. Avoid broad-spectrum pesticides. Leaf miners can usually be controlled by natural predatory insects. Do not apply broad-spectrum insecticides that could harm these beneficial insects.
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care_more_info

More About Moss Rose

Plant Type
Plant Type
Succulent, Herb
Lifespan
Lifespan
Annual, Perennial
Spread
Spread
25 to 37 cm
Bloom Time
Bloom Time
Late spring, Summer, Early fall, Mid fall
Flower Color
Flower Color
White
Yellow
Red
Pink
Leaf Color
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
Flower Size
2.5 to 6 cm
Plant Height
Plant Height
7 to 30 cm

Name story

Moss rose
Portulaca grandiflora is commonly called moss rose, which is quite descriptive of this plant's key ornamental features for being ruffled, rose-like flowers appearing on prostrate to slightly ascending stems that form a moss-like foliage mat.
Ten o'clock
The magical characteristic of this plant is that it seems like it can tell time. This is seen commonly as it blooms in the early morning at ten o'clock, but it is also limited to bright sunlight days. If it is rainy or night time, it will not sprout flowers. Hence, it is called ten o'clock.

Usages

Garden Use
The moss rose is valued for the way it grows voraciously and easily, requiring little in the way of maintenance or care, and blooms vibrant, appealing flowers in multiple colors. Often used for front borders, it is suitable for succulent and rock gardens due to its water-retaining abilities. Moss rose looks particularly striking next to Creeping zinnia or silver plants like Dusty miller or 'Silver Mound' Globe amaranth.
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Common Problems

Why is my moss rose damping off?

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This is mainly due to too much water in the soil and poor drainage. Moss rose can grow well under dry conditions, but will develop rotten roots from standing water, which result in falling down. Good drainage keeps the soil moist and prevents too much water retention.

Why does moss rose bloom late or bloom with tiny flowers?

more more
It's mainly because of the lack of sunlight. Moss rose requires at least 6 hours of sunlight per day, so place it in a sunny place such as on a balcony, by a window, etc. Keep an appropriate distance between each plant to ensure good ventilation and enable more light to reach the plants. Also, remove buds on lateral branches to promote the growth of the flower buds on the main branch.
care_new_plant

Caring for a New Plant

new-plant
The following pictures and instructions for flower plant are aimed to help your plants adapt and thrive in a new environment.
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1
Picking a Healthy Flower Plant
check-health

Check Its Health

part-image-bg part-image
Whole Plant
Symmetrical crown, evenly distributed branches, full and compact shape, no excessive growth, close internodes, and uniform leaf size.
part-image-bg part-image
Flowers
Many unopened flower buds are closely attached, without falling off easily when shaken, and show no diseased spots or wilting on the petals.
part-image-bg part-image
Branches
The branches are not withered, and the trunk is free of boreholes or damage.
part-image-bg part-image
Stems
No mold, browning or soft rot at the base of the plant.
part-image-bg part-image
Leaves
Check the inside of the plant, shaded and overlapping areas, back of leaves. Even colour, no yellowing, no brown spots, no crawling insects, no cobwebs, no deformities, no wilting.
health-trouble

Health Troubleshooting

Whole Plant
trouble-image
more 1 Asymmetrical crown or missing, uneven branching: prune the weak and slender branches of the larger portion of the asymmetrical crown, then trim the overgrown larger branches.
trouble-image
more 2 Internodes are longer in the upper part, leaves are sparse and smaller on top: increase light intensity or duration.
Branches
trouble-image
more 1 Dry branches: check if the branch is still alive by peeling back a small section of bark and trim away any dry branches. Watch out for signs of insect infestation inside the branch.
trouble-image
more 2 Bark with holes: inject insecticide into the holes and apply systemic insecticide to the roots.
trouble-image
more 3 Damaged bark: brush on a wound-healing agent, and avoid getting it wet.
Stems
trouble-image
Mildew, browning, or soft rot at the base: place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment and water with fungicide.
Flowers
trouble-image
more 1 Many flowers have already bloomed: lower the temperature in the environment to extend the flowering period. Prune any dying flowers in a timely manner to prevent nutrient depletion.
trouble-image
more 2 Flower bud dropping: keep temperature at 15-25℃, place in bright but shaded area, water frequently, and avoid fertilizing.
trouble-image
more 3 Flower petals have spots or disease: avoid spraying water directly onto the petals.
trouble-image
more 4 Flower wilting: avoid soil that is too wet or too dry. When touching the soil with your finger, it should feel moist but not leave any water traces on your finger.
Leaves
trouble-image
more 1 Uneven leaf color and yellowing: prune yellow leaves and check if there are signs of rot at the base of the plant. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
trouble-image
more 2 Brown spots or small yellow spots: place the plant in a ventilated area and avoid watering the leaves. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
trouble-image
more 3 Tiny crawling insects on the back of leaves or spider webs between leaves: increase light exposure and spray with insecticide for severe cases.
trouble-image
more 4 Deformations or missing parts on leaves: determine if it's physical damage or pest infestation. Linear or tearing damage is physical, while the rest are pests. Spray with insecticide.
trouble-image
more 5 Wilting leaves: provide partial shade and avoid excessive sun exposure. Remove 1/3 to 1/2 of the leaves for severe cases.
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Check Its Growing Conditions

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Soil Check
Soil should smell fresh like after a rain and no musty odor.
check
Light Check
Check the light requirement of the plant and if it match with planting location.
check
Ventilation Check
Ensure good ventilation.
check
Temperature Check
Ensure outdoor temperature is suitable for plants.
condition-trouble

Condition Troubleshooting

check
Soil
Succulent & cactus soil
Soil smells musty or foul: check the root system for decay, place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment, and water with fungicide.
check
Ideal Temperature
15℃ to 35℃
Temperature is too low: Temporarily move the plants indoors and then to outdoors when temperature is suitable.
check
Ventilation
Well Ventilated
Non-ventilated environment: can lead to root rot, diseases, and flower drop. Place the plants in an airy location avoiding dead spots.
check
Suitable Light
Full sun, Partial sun
Insufficient light: reduce light appropriately during flowering period but not a fully shaded environment. After flowering, move to normal cultivation environment. For plants with long flowering and fruiting periods, provide normal light to avoid shortening.
Transplant recovery: After transplanting, pot plants should be temporarily shaded, then moved to normal light after a week if no abnormal drop or wilting. In-ground plants, shade for a week and then transfer to normal light or just pay attention to watering.
more
2
Adapting Your New Flower Plant
Step 1
condition-image
Repotting
Potted plants - Wait until flowering stage is over before changing pots. In-ground plants - Plant directly taking care not to harm root system or remove soil.
show more show-more
Step 2
condition-image
Pruning
Prune residual flowers, yellow/dead leaves. No other pruning at this time.
show more show-more
Step 3
condition-image
Watering
Water appropriately. Water more frequently for newly transplanted or purchased plants to keep the soil consistently moist for at least 2 weeks. Avoid overwatering, do not water when there is water on your finger after touching the soil. Both underwatering and overwatering can cause plants to drop their flowers or fruit.
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Step 4
condition-image
Fertilizing
Don't fertilize just after purchase. Fertilize after 2 weeks using half concentration.
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main-image
Moss Rose
label-image
Repotting
Repotting potted plants: Wait until flowering ends. Repotting in-ground plants: Be careful not to harm roots/soil.
label-image
Pruning
Prune residual flowers, and yellow/dead leaves. No other pruning at this time.
label-image
Watering
Water new plants more often for 2 weeks. Avoid over/under watering by checking the soil.
label-image
Fertilizing
Don't fertilize just after purchase. Fertilize after 2 weeks using half concentration.
label-image
Sunlight
Long flowering plants need normal light. Shade transplants for a week, then move to normal light.
label
main-image
Moss Rose
label-image
Repotting
Repotting potted plants: Wait until flowering ends. Repotting in-ground plants: Be careful not to harm roots/soil.
label-image
Pruning
Prune residual flowers, and yellow/dead leaves. No other pruning at this time.
label-image
Watering
Water new plants more often for 2 weeks. Avoid over/under watering by checking the soil.
label-image
Fertilizing
Don't fertilize just after purchase. Fertilize after 2 weeks using half concentration.
label-image
Sunlight
Long flowering plants need normal light. Shade transplants for a week, then move to normal light.
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Moss rose
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Moss rose
Moss rose
Moss rose

How to Care for Moss Rose

Moss rose is an ornamental flowering semi-succulent plant native to South America. Gardeners can cultivate this easy-to-grow plant in annual flowerbeds, in containers, or in hanging baskets because of its trailing habit. Different cultivars have been selected and propagated for achieving striking variations in color, shape, and petal number of the flowers.
symbolism

Symbolism

compassion, exaltedness, a confession of love
Water
Twice per week
Water Water detail
Sunlight
Full sun
Sunlight Sunlight detail
care_basic_guide

Basic Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterDetail

How to Water Moss rose?

Cultivation:WaterDetail
Moss rose is drought-tolerant. Just water once or twice a week in the spring and fall. Water is lost more quickly in the summer due to higher temperatures, requiring watering two to three times a week. In winter, it's sufficient to water once every 15 days. Adjust the frequency of watering based on the weather conditions.
Water in small amounts and with higher frequency. Too much water at a time can easily lead to root rot and even the death of the entire plant. Also, the best time to water varies with the season. The best time to water in the summer is in the morning or evening, while the best time to water in the winter is at noon on sunny days.
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Cultivation:FertilizerDetail

How to Fertilize Moss rose?

Cultivation:FertilizerDetail
Moss rose tolerates barren soil but grows best in fertile soil. A small amount of organic or slow-release fertilizer can be mixed into the culture media before sowing. Fertilize twice a year and only use a water-soluble fertilizer that is balanced in nutrients. Split each application into multiple applications of lower concentration fertilizers to promote more vigorous foliage growth.
In late spring, the plant begins to form flower buds. Applying low concentration phosphorus and potassium fertilizers once every two weeks can promote more flowering and make the flowers more colorful. In addition, ensure moss rose gets sufficient sunlight to help it absorb nutrients better.
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Fertilizer

Often found growing in rock gardens and used in xeriscaping, Moss rose adds plenty of interest and texture to the area. It is a slow-growing plant, and this affects its care. Moss rose does not require a lot of nutrients to thrive. Knowing when and how to feed your specimen will help ensure you get years of enjoyment from your plant. Fertilizing Moss rose adds nutrients to the growing medium. Even though it does store water and nutrients, applying plant food during the growing season helps support healthy growth. Fertilizing can also encourage mature specimens to produce blooms in the growing season.
While all plants benefit from additional nutrients, Moss rose only needs a light dose of fertilizer during the growing season. The frequency of fertilization should be 1-2 times a year. It is suggested to fertilize your Moss rose in the spring and autumn, but not in winter&summer when it is dormant. Be careful with repotted plants, you will want to reduce the amount of fertilizer. It’s also a good idea to wait a couple of months after repotting before you start applying fertilizer. It’s best to use a liquid plant food formulated for succulents and cacti when you are fertilizing Moss rose. Dilute the fertilizer with water to half-strength. You do not want the fertilizer building up in the soil. Apply the fertilizer to the base of the plant and water thoroughly, ensuring any excess moisture drains from the container or seeps into the ground.
It is easier to use liquid plant food when you are fertilizing Moss rose, but granules are another option. Follow the directions on the packaging, making sure you dilute liquid fertilizers to half-strength. Whether you are using granules are liquid plant food, always apply it to the soil. Cover the granules with a thin layer of soil and water regardless of the type of plant food you are using.
Over-fertilizing Moss rose is a common problem with new and experienced gardeners. The plant has low nutritional needs and it’s easy to apply a little too much fertilizer. Over-fertilizing Moss rose can burn the plant’s sensitive roots resulting in its slow decay. Without its root system, the plant cannot absorb nutrients and moisture.
Like most plants, Moss rose has a dormancy period and it is when you want to stop the applications of fertilizer. In the summer and winter, the plant ceases growing, and it is when you want to stop applying fertilizer. It’s also a good idea to cease fertilizing for the first couple of months after repotting in the spring.
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Cultivation:SunlightDetail

What Are the Sunlight Requirements for Moss rose?

Cultivation:SunlightDetail
Moss rose prefers ample sunlight and needs 6-8 hours of sunlight every day to thrive and produce vibrant flowers. plant it in a sun-facing area of the garden or put the potted plant on a sun-facing balcony. Insufficient light causes fewer blooms and wilting petals and leaves. Being shaded for too long can lead to its poor growth or even death.
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Cultivation:PruningDetail

How to Prune Moss rose?

Cultivation:PruningDetail
Moss rose should be promptly pruned during its growing season. Otherwise, its branches spread out, lowering its ornamental value. The main task is to cut off crossed, inward- and densely-growing branches. In late fall, old, dried leaves can be pruned to improve air and light ventilation and prevent pests and diseases. When repotting or changing the soil, cut off rotten, weak and excess roots.
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care_advanced_guide

Advanced Care Guide

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail

What is the Ideal Temperature Range for Moss rose?

Cultivation:WaterAndHardinessDetail
Moss rose prefers warm environments. It grows best in 15 to 28 ℃. If the temperature is below 10 ℃, it will grow poorly. Within the ideal temperature range, the higher the temperature, the faster it grows. It's drought-tolerant, but not resistant to waterlogging. In summer, sufficient moisture is good for flowering, but not to point of soggy soil. If the soil is too damp for too long, it can cause the leaves to wilt and even the roots to rot.
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Cultivation:SoilDetail

What Soil is Best for Moss rose?

Cultivation:SoilDetail
Moss rose is highly adaptable and can grow well in all types of soil. It grows best in well-ventilated, well-drained, sandy soils. It prefers slightly acidic to neutral soils with an ideal pH value of 5.5-7.0. It should not be planted in clay soils, which may rot the roots if the soil is poorly drained. Pot moss rose in a mixture of nutrient soil and sand.
Cultivation:PropagationDetail

How to Propagate Moss rose?

Cultivation:PropagationDetail
Moss rose seeds can be harvested in the fall. You can also propagate it by using cuttings. Pick robust, disease-free branches in summer, cut off 5 to 10 cm, and insert them into sterilized, loose sandy soil. Keep each branch 10 cm or so distant from each other. Provide higher temperature and humidity, and soon new plants will develop from the cuttings.
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Propagation

Moss rose is a lovely plant. If you want to get more of this plant, you can propagate it as follows. The active growing season during the spring and summer is the best time to propagate Moss rose. During this period, the plants are generating a lot of energy for new growth and should have plenty of stems that can be used for propagation. They can also recover from having cuttings taken during this season than during the slower autumn and winter seasons. The following are what you need to prepare before the propagation.
  1. Sharp scissors or knife
  2. Diluted bleach solution or isopropyl alcohol to clean tools
  3. Pot(s) or nursery tray with drainage holes
  4. Special soil for succulents
  5. Clear plastic bag or a humidity dome for covering cuttings
  6. Rooting hormone (optional but recommended)
Steps: Step 1: Prepare containers by filling them with moistened planting material leaving about half an inch of space from the top of the container. Step 2: Choose healthy parts for propagation. Using your sterilized scissors, trim the leaves from the part of the stem that is inserted into the soil below, leaving only the stem, as the leaves rot easily when buried in the soil. The length of the cutting should not be too long, for once the cutting takes root, it has actually become an individual plant. No body wants a plant to grow long and thin from the beginning. Be sure to make a clean cut, and don’t crush the stem as that can leave the plant vulnerable to infection. Sterilize cutting tools between plants if you are taking multiple cuttings. Step 3: Leave them for 1-2 days, as you need to wait for the cut wounds to dry before taking cuttings. Dip the bottom end of the cutting into rooting powder (if using) according to the directions. Step 4: Make a hole in the soil for each cutting, and place the cutting inside so that the soil line is at the lower leaves. Press soil around the cutting, then repeat until all cuttings are planted and then water thoroughly. Step 5: Place it in a location where the cuttings can get light but no direct sunlight, as this can be too intense for cuttings. Water occasionally and do not let the Moss rose dry out. Most species will begin to produce roots in about 3 weeks, After rooting, the plant will gradually grow new leaves, at which time you can start to harden off the Moss rose. Hardening off involves gradually exposing the Moss rose to more sunlight so that they have time to adjust before being moved permanently outside. Hardening off should usually take about 1 to 2 weeks depending on the outdoor conditions and the type of Moss rose. After this period, Moss rose can be planted in containers or directly in the ground.
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Cultivation:PlantingDetail

How to Plant Moss rose?

Cultivation:PlantingDetail
Moss rose is generally sown in the spring. Because of its tiny seeds, it's often sown in seedling trays. Spread the seeds evenly over the soil and lightly cover with a layer of soil. Spray water every morning and evening to keep the soil moist. Temperatures above 20 ℃ are good for seed germination. With temperatures between 24 to 29 ℃, seedlings generally sprout in about two weeks.
When the seedlings grow 3-5 leaves or grow to 10 cm tall, they can be transplanted to a pot or the garden. If planted in a garden, make sure that each plant is about 20 to 30 cm apart from each other. You can apply a little base fertilizer before transplanting, and remember to water it once after transplanting to ensure healthy growth.
Cultivation:HarvestDetail

How to Harvest Moss rose?

Cultivation:HarvestDetail
Moss rose flowers can be harvested for decoration. Harvest them in the morning when the temperature is cool. Select flowers that haven't fully bloomed, cut off the base of the branches at an inclined angle with garden scissors, and insert them into clean water as soon as possible.
PlantCare:TransplantSummary

How to Transplant Moss rose?

PlantCare:TransplantSummary
To ensure successful transplantation of moss rose, it's best to move them during the heart of spring when temperatures are ideal. Choose a sunny location with well-drained soil. Remember to keep the root ball intact, offering moss rose a seamless transition to their new environment.
Cultivation:PottingSuggestions

How to Repot Moss rose?

Cultivation:PottingSuggestions
Needs excellent drainage in pots.
care_seasonal_tips

Seasonal Care Tips

seasonal-tip

Seasonal Precautions

When summer temperatures are high, water evaporates quickly, so pay attention to watering moss rose to ensure sufficient moisture. In areas where the winter outdoor temperature is lower than its required temperature for normal growth, move potted moss rose plants indoors to ensure it overwinters safety.
In the fall, moss rose seeds tend to scatter as they ripen, and when the seeds fall to the ground, they can naturally germinate and grow into new plants the following year when temperature and moisture conditions are suitable. If you find moss rose growing too densely, you can collect the seeds and discard the plants promptly.
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Spring

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Summer

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Fall

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Winter

The plant and similar succulent plants resume growing in the spring after winter dormancy.

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1
Water the plant once or twice a month when the soil begins drying out.
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2
An application of a balanced fertilizer every two weeks helps support healthy growth.
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3
Pruning old growth encourages blooming and branching for a fuller plant.
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Spring is also the time to repot the succulent if necessary.
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Pay attention to the temperature in the early spring, this plant requires warmth and sunlight to resume growing.
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Cutting off a leaf and setting it in a fresh growing medium is an easy way to propagate your plant.

Succulents like this plant are actively growing in the summer.

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Keep an eye on soil moisture levels. Do not allow the soil to completely dry out.
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Continue fertilizing every couple of weeks with all-purpose plant food.
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The plant also requires plenty of sunlight during the day to encourage blooming.
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Prune back the old flowers after blooming at the end of the summer.
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While your plant is actively growing, you can also remove stems for propagation. Place the stem in fresh soil and lightly water it.

While your plant is starting to enter dormancy towards the end of fall, it's still growing for much of the season.

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Continue watering and fertilizing on a regular schedule, but reduce both of these routines as the season winds down and begins reaching dormancy.
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Use an all-purpose fertilizer and water the plant when the soil is dry; make sure to err on the side of dry soil rather than soggy soil.
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Keep making sure your plant receives enough light during this time, particularly during the morning or evening hours, which will help the plant grow well.

During the cold winter months, the plant usually goes into a dormant state.

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Reduce watering your plant in the winter to give it a rest and let it lie dormant. It’s best to keep the plant dry during this season, rather than risk it being soggy.
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Make sure it receives an adequate amount of sunlight, typically in the morning or evening, although it’s not as urgent during dormancy.
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Since these plants don't survive in freezing outdoor temperatures, keep them in sufficiently warm rooms indoors, away from drafts or cold windows.
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For the most part, you can leave these hardy plants to themselves during these colder months.
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Common Pests & Diseases

Common issues for Moss rose based on 10 million real cases
Flower withering
Flower withering Flower withering Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Solutions: If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible. For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface. In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well. If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
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Wilting after blooming
Wilting after blooming Wilting after blooming Wilting after blooming
Flowers may wither for a variety of reasons.
Solutions: Check the soil or potting medium. Coarse textures can allow water to drain too rapidly, preventing the plant from taking up enough. If the soil and roots seem very dry, add sphagnum moss or other mediums that hold water. Water according to recommendations for each plant's species. Low humidity can be corrected by misting the plant regularly or placing it near a humidifier. Keeping it near other plants helps, too. Keep the environment consistent in terms of temperature, humidity, and lighting. Keep it away from vents, heaters, and air conditioners, and avoid moving it to locations where it will experience a temperature shock. Hot, dry heat, and cold drafts are problematic for many plants. Especially if the plant is outside, it could be experiencing heat or light stress. Try moving it to a shadier location.
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Thrips
Thrips Thrips Thrips
Thrips are 1 to 2 mm bugs with slender black or translucent-yellow bodies. They move quickly and feed on the plant's sap.
Solutions: Thrips can be controlled in several ways. Spray plants with Pyrethrin, which is an organic pesticide derived from marigolds (follow label instructions) or Permethrin, the synthetic version of Pyrethrin. Introduce beneficial insects to the garden that eat thrips, such as minute pirate bugs and green lacewings. Remove heavily infested plants from the area and discard. Address viral diseases that may have been transmitted by the pests. For less serious cases -use a hose to spray the thrips off of the plants.
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Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Solutions: Bacterial infections need to be treated quickly to prevent the spread to neighboring, healthy plants, potentially wiping out large sections of your indoor or outdoor garden. In mild cases: Use sterilized (10% bleach solution) pruning shears or scissors to remove any infected plant parts, making sure to dispose of them off site. Use a copper-based bactericide to treat the unaffected foliage, as well as the soil, and neighboring plants. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label. In severe cases, where more than half the leaves are affected: Remove all of the infected plants from the garden, disposing of them off site. Treat the soil and neighboring plants using a copper-based bactericide. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
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Fire ants
Fire ants Fire ants Fire ants
Fire ants gnaw on the roots of plants and are aggressive toward people.
Solutions: Caution: fire ants are venomous and cause painful bites which can be fatal in the case of a rare but significant allergy. Fire ants can be a painful pest to have around for you and your plants. Keeping them under control will ensure comfortable gardening for all. For less severe cases: Physically remove mounds. Dig out and remove entire mounds (remember, they go deeper than they seem). Use citrus oil. Pour citrus oil, which is toxic to fire ants, down their holes. For severe cases: Use ant bait. For a chemical solution, broadcast insecticide bait formulated for fire ants in the area around a mound. Apply the bait during a dry evening so the ants can forage for it at night. Look for products that contain Indoxacarb. Release phorid flies. Introduce or promote beneficial phorid flies to gardens. These parasitic flies attack invasive fire ants. Hire a professional. Some ant baits are only available to professional exterminators. For serious cases of fire ants, consider hiring a professional.
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Leaf miners
Leaf miners Leaf miners Leaf miners
Leaf miners scar the leaves with curved white streaks or rounded white spots with brown centers.
Solutions: Leaf miners, although relatively harmless at first, can quickly multiply and devastate your plants in the coming weeks. For severe cases: Spray an organic insecticide. For an organic solution, spray a diluted mixture of azadirachtin, a compound derived from neem seeds, above and below leaves. Spray a synthetic insecticide. Spray a product that contains spinosad, such as Entrust, making sure to cover all sides of the leaves. Introduce beneficial insects. Introduce beneficial insects that eat leaf miners, such as parasitic wasps or Syrphid flies. For less severe cases: Prune infected tissue. Remove and dispose of leaves that have any sign of leaf miner damage.
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Flower withering
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Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Overview
Overview
Flower withering occurs when flowers become weak, droopy, wilted, or faded until they can’t be revived. During withering, they begin to wrinkle and shrink until the flower becomes completely dry or dead.
Any flowers, regardless of the plant type or the climate they are grown in, are susceptible to withering. It is a worldwide problem across houseplants, herbs, flowering ornamentals, trees, shrubs, garden vegetables, and food crops.
Unlike wilting—which withering is often confused with—withering can be caused by different things and is often due to more than a lack of water. Withering can be fatal in severe cases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Flower withering progresses from very mild cases to severe occurrences that kill the flower. The severity of the symptoms is related to the cause and how long the condition is allowed to progress before action is taken.
  • Wilted, droopy flowers
  • Petals and leaves begin to wrinkle
  • Brown papery streaks or spots appear on the petals and leaf tips
  • Flowerhead shrink in size
  • Petal color fades
  • Yellowing leaves
  • Complete death of the flower
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The main causes of flower withering include natural age progress, lack of water, nutritional deficiencies, and bacterial or fungal diseases. It’s critical to determine the underlying cause when flower withering is noticed. This will guide the best course of action, if treatment is possible.
Check the soil for moisture and then closely examine the entire plant for signs of nutrient deficiencies. If neither of those appears to be the cause then cut open the stem below a flower. If a cross-section reveals brown or rust-colored stains it is safe to assume that this is a bacterial or fungal infection.
If the flower is nearing the end of its normal lifespan, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence, or cell aging and death. Cell division stops and the plant begins breaking down resources within the flower to use in other parts of the plant.
In all other cases, flower withering happens when the plant seals off the stem as a defense mechanism, stopping transport within the vascular system. This prevents further water loss through the flowers but also stops bacteria and fungi from moving to healthy parts of the plant. Once water and nutrient transport stops, the flower begins to wither and ultimately die.
Solutions
Solutions
If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface.
In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well.
If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
Prevention
Prevention
This is definitely one of those instances where prevention is more effective than cure. Here are some preventative measures for avoiding premature flower withering.
  • Water plants according to their needs -- either keep the soil slightly moist or allow the top inch or two to dry out before watering again.
  • Fertilize lightly on a consistent basis, depending upon the plant’s growth. Quick-growing plants and those that flower or develop fruit will need more frequent fertilizing than slow-growing plants.
  • Purchase plants that are certified disease- or pathogen-free.
  • Look for disease-resistant cultivars.
  • Isolate plants showing disease symptoms to prevent the spread to neighboring plants.
  • Practice good plant hygiene by removing any fallen plant material as soon as possible.
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Wilting after blooming
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Wilting after blooming
Flowers may wither for a variety of reasons.
Overview
Overview
Wilting after blooming is sometimes a natural aging process of the flower, while other times it may indicate a problem. Orchids, for example, can bloom for anywhere from two weeks to three months, so wilting after a few days signals a problem for most varieties. This can happen to virtually any ornamental flowering plant, but those with shallow roots and limited tolerance for drought, full sun, and low humidity are more susceptible.
This is a common problem, and often has an easy fix. Sometimes, however, it is the result of more serious causes such as pests or disease of the root system.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  • At first, flowers may look a little limp.
  • Petals may start to appear dried out and turn brown.
  • Eventually they may drop off the plant all together.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Wilting blooms can be a sign of an unhealthy root system. Any condition that prevents the plant from absorbing enough water and nutrition can result in wilting blooms and sometimes other symptoms. If the plant doesn’t have enough water, it cannot maintain appropriate pressure within stems, leaves, and blooms, causing them to wilt.
This can result from physical damage – for example from root breakage during re-potting or attack by insects like cutworms. If you recently re-potted your plant, physical damage to the roots is a likely cause. If you see insects, they may be eating leaves, roots, or flowers. Fungal infections can also cause root rot and damage, preventing water and nutrient uptake.
Finally, wilting blooms can result simply from age. If no other symptoms are visible, it may simply signal the natural end of the flower’s lifespan. If it seems premature, this may be caused by environmental factors: water, humidity, light, or stress. Under-watering is a common cause. Similarly, plants adapted to high humidity dry out easily when humidity is low, like during winter or in dry climates. Too much light can also stress plants that need shade, causing blooms to wilt.
Solutions
Solutions
  • Check the soil or potting medium. Coarse textures can allow water to drain too rapidly, preventing the plant from taking up enough. If the soil and roots seem very dry, add sphagnum moss or other mediums that hold water.
  • Water according to recommendations for each plant's species.
  • Low humidity can be corrected by misting the plant regularly or placing it near a humidifier. Keeping it near other plants helps, too.
  • Keep the environment consistent in terms of temperature, humidity, and lighting. Keep it away from vents, heaters, and air conditioners, and avoid moving it to locations where it will experience a temperature shock. Hot, dry heat, and cold drafts are problematic for many plants.
  • Especially if the plant is outside, it could be experiencing heat or light stress. Try moving it to a shadier location.
Prevention
Prevention
  • Read up on moisture, light, and soil type preferences for each plant to avoid underwatering, incorrect light levels, or other conditions that can cause wilting blooms.
  • Avoid re-potting during the flowering period. This causes additional stress on the plants because they need to repair root damage and adapt to the new micro-environment, all of which can result in wilting.
  • One other potential cause is ethylene gas, a plant hormone related to ripening. Some fruits and vegetables emit ethylene, especially bananas. Apples, grapes, melons, avocados, and potatoes can also give it off, so keep flowering plants away from fresh produce.
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Thrips
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Thrips
Thrips are 1 to 2 mm bugs with slender black or translucent-yellow bodies. They move quickly and feed on the plant's sap.
Overview
Overview
Thrips are tiny, flying, sap-sucking insects that attack the tender parts of plants, causing scarring and weakening of the plant and sometimes, if the infestation is severe enough, plant death. They have undersized double wings with a fringe on them, resembling tiny, misshapen damselflies. Thrips have a taste for many houseplants and crops, making them a serious nuisance.
They appear in early spring after the last frost has occurred. If not controlled in early spring, they will persist for most of the season. They are often attracted to weakened plants, such as those struck by drought/underwatering or malnutrition. Excessive use of nitrogen fertilizer also seems to attract them to a plant. Thrips can spread various viruses between plants, leading to more serious damage.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Thrips are so small that they may not be noticed (1 to 2 mm long), but infested plants present several key signs. Tiny pale spots appear on leaves, which may start to deform, show white or silver discoloration, or become papery in texture.
Flower petals may be damaged as well, and might display color break, which is dark or pale discoloring of petal tissue damaged before the buds had a chance to open. Fruits may show scabby or silvery scarring. Tiny black spots of the insects' excrement may be visible.
As the infestation progresses, infested terminals roll and become discolored, and leaves may drop prematurely. The plant's growth may be stunted. Secondary viral and bacterial infections, which thrips can transmit, may become evident.
The good news? Thrips rarely kill or seriously weaken shrubs and trees. Smaller plants, such as vegetable crops and herbaceous ornamentals, tend to be more severely affected.
Solutions
Solutions
Thrips can be controlled in several ways.
  • Spray plants with Pyrethrin, which is an organic pesticide derived from marigolds (follow label instructions) or Permethrin, the synthetic version of Pyrethrin.
  • Introduce beneficial insects to the garden that eat thrips, such as minute pirate bugs and green lacewings.
  • Remove heavily infested plants from the area and discard.
  • Address viral diseases that may have been transmitted by the pests.
  • For less serious cases -use a hose to spray the thrips off of the plants.
Prevention
Prevention
The best way to protect plants from thrips is to take preventative measures.
  • Avoid buying and transplanting infected plants. Check for signs of thrip damage before buying.
  • Regularly prune off dead branches and leaves.
  • Keep the garden weeded and remove debris such as dead branches and leaves.
  • Avoid unnecessary use of insecticides as they can kill predatory insects that keep thrips in check.
  • Plant a diverse variety of plants in the garden to provide habitat for predatory insects.
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Leaf rot
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Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Overview
Overview
Leaf rot is very common among both house plants and garden plants. It affects foliage and occurs mainly when the leaves become wet due to rain or misting by the gardener. The cause is fungal disease and this is facilitated by the fungal spores adhering to wet leaves then penetrating the leaf and expanding rapidly. Damp conditions and poor air circulation will increase chances of infection taking place. Another factor are leaves that are damaged or have been penetrated by sap sucking insects that facilitate plant penetration.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  1. Spores are able to cling to a damp leaf and penetrate, often through an existing wound.
  2. A small dark brown mark appears which expands rapidly as sporulation starts to take place.
  3. Quite quickly these bull's eye like circles can link together and the whole leaf turns dark and loses texture.
  4. Leaf drop occurs.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
These symptoms are caused by a bacterial infection invading the plant. Bacteria from many sources in the environment (air, water, soil, diseased plants) enter a plant through wounds, or in some cases the stomata when they are open. Once inside the leaf tissue, the bacteria feed and reproduce quickly, breaking down healthy leaves.
Bacterial infections threaten most plant species, and are more prominent in wet weather that more easily transfers the bacteria from plant to plant, or from soil to plant.
Solutions
Solutions
Bacterial infections need to be treated quickly to prevent the spread to neighboring, healthy plants, potentially wiping out large sections of your indoor or outdoor garden.
In mild cases: Use sterilized (10% bleach solution) pruning shears or scissors to remove any infected plant parts, making sure to dispose of them off site. Use a copper-based bactericide to treat the unaffected foliage, as well as the soil, and neighboring plants. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
In severe cases, where more than half the leaves are affected: Remove all of the infected plants from the garden, disposing of them off site. Treat the soil and neighboring plants using a copper-based bactericide. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
Prevention
Prevention
  1. Clean up garden debris at the end of the season, especially if it contains any diseased plant tissue. Diseases can overwinter from season to season and infect new plants.
  2. Avoid overhead watering to prevent transferring pathogens from one plant to another, and to keep foliage dry.
  3. Mulch around the base of plants to prevent soil-borne bacteria from splashing up onto uninfected plants.
  4. Sterilize cutting tools using a 10% bleach solution when gardening and moving from one plant to another.
  5. Do not work in your garden when it is wet.
  6. Rotate crops to prevent the buildup of bacteria in one site due to continuous cropping.
  7. Use a copper or streptomycin-containing bactericide in early spring to prevent infection. Read label directions carefully as they are not suitable for all plants.
  8. Ensure plants are well spaced and thin leaves on densely leaved plants so that air circulation is maximised.
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Fire ants
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Fire ants
Fire ants gnaw on the roots of plants and are aggressive toward people.
Overview
Overview
Fire ants are a group of ants that are known for their aggressive behavior and painful stings. Some fire ants are native and others are invasive from other countries. Once they reach plants, they climb them and chew away at leaves and flower buds.
Fire ants also kill and eat beneficial insects such as caterpillars, ladybugs, mantis, and native ants. They can be a problem any time temperatures are above freezing, but new infestations are most likely to appear when brought in via contaminated material such as potting soil or mulch, or when insecticides have harmed populations of beneficial insects that would otherwise control populations of fire ants.
They can be difficult to control, especially once populations become large. Plant damage is typically minor, but fire ants can destroy seedlings.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The number one symptom of fire ants is seeing the ants themselves which are red or black in color. Ant mounds in the ground are also signs. Fire ant mounds rarely exceed 46 cm in diameter. If a fire ant mound is disturbed, many fast-moving, aggressive ants will emerge. These ants will bite and then painfully sting.
Even if no ants are visible, their damage might be apparent. Chewed leaf and flower edges might indicate fire ants. Fully eaten seedlings are another sign.
Solutions
Solutions
Caution: fire ants are venomous and cause painful bites which can be fatal in the case of a rare but significant allergy.
Fire ants can be a painful pest to have around for you and your plants. Keeping them under control will ensure comfortable gardening for all.
For less severe cases:
  • Physically remove mounds. Dig out and remove entire mounds (remember, they go deeper than they seem).
  • Use citrus oil. Pour citrus oil, which is toxic to fire ants, down their holes.
For severe cases:
  • Use ant bait. For a chemical solution, broadcast insecticide bait formulated for fire ants in the area around a mound. Apply the bait during a dry evening so the ants can forage for it at night. Look for products that contain Indoxacarb.
  • Release phorid flies. Introduce or promote beneficial phorid flies to gardens. These parasitic flies attack invasive fire ants.
  • Hire a professional. Some ant baits are only available to professional exterminators. For serious cases of fire ants, consider hiring a professional.
Prevention
Prevention
Fire ants become more difficult to control as they establish themselves, so try to prevent them or treat them early.
  • Monitor new material. Do not bring in any soil or plants from known infested areas, unless if they are "Quarantine Approved." Make sure to check new material for fire ants.
  • Apply insecticide. Some warm and humid areas have high fire ants populations. In these areas, spread a granular fire ants insecticide such as Varsity in the spring near gardens to prevent these unwelcome visitors.
  • Treat early. Spot treat at the first sight of any fire ants mound, as larger mounds are more difficult to treat.
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Leaf miners
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Leaf miners
Leaf miners scar the leaves with curved white streaks or rounded white spots with brown centers.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The leaves on your plants are showing clear/white trails, which appear like parts have been hollowed out. These trails are narrow at first and become wide patches over time. In some cases, leaves will be completely hollow and dry on the plant. As the name suggests, leaf miners are responsible.
Leaf miners are most common in the early spring when they begin to hatch and reproduce. They are tiny 1/16th inch larvae that resemble small grains of rice. The larvae are found inside leaves. The adult stage, a fly, lays eggs in between the layers of a leaf. When the eggs hatch, the larvae eat the tender nutritious inner leaves.
Solutions
Solutions
Leaf miners, although relatively harmless at first, can quickly multiply and devastate your plants in the coming weeks.
For severe cases:
  1. Spray an organic insecticide. For an organic solution, spray a diluted mixture of azadirachtin, a compound derived from neem seeds, above and below leaves.
  2. Spray a synthetic insecticide. Spray a product that contains spinosad, such as Entrust, making sure to cover all sides of the leaves.
  3. Introduce beneficial insects. Introduce beneficial insects that eat leaf miners, such as parasitic wasps or Syrphid flies.
For less severe cases:
  1. Prune infected tissue. Remove and dispose of leaves that have any sign of leaf miner damage.
Prevention
Prevention
Although leaf miners are easy to control, preventing them is ideal. Our recommendations are:
  1. Physically exclude adults. Cover plants with floating row covers as soon as you put them in the ground.
  2. Remove weeds and debris. Keep your garden weeded to lower the number of plants leaf miners can feed and breed on.
  3. Avoid introducing infected plants. Carefully inspect new plants for leaf miners before adding them to your garden or home.
  4. Avoid broad-spectrum pesticides. Leaf miners can usually be controlled by natural predatory insects. Do not apply broad-spectrum insecticides that could harm these beneficial insects.
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More About Moss Rose

Plant Type
Plant Type
Succulent, Herb
Lifespan
Lifespan
Annual, Perennial
Spread
Spread
25 to 37 cm
Bloom Time
Bloom Time
Late spring, Summer, Early fall, Mid fall
Flower Color
Flower Color
White
Yellow
Red
Pink
Leaf Color
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
Flower Size
2.5 to 6 cm
Plant Height
Plant Height
7 to 30 cm

Name story

Moss rose
Portulaca grandiflora is commonly called moss rose, which is quite descriptive of this plant's key ornamental features for being ruffled, rose-like flowers appearing on prostrate to slightly ascending stems that form a moss-like foliage mat.
Ten o'clock
The magical characteristic of this plant is that it seems like it can tell time. This is seen commonly as it blooms in the early morning at ten o'clock, but it is also limited to bright sunlight days. If it is rainy or night time, it will not sprout flowers. Hence, it is called ten o'clock.

Usages

Garden Use
The moss rose is valued for the way it grows voraciously and easily, requiring little in the way of maintenance or care, and blooms vibrant, appealing flowers in multiple colors. Often used for front borders, it is suitable for succulent and rock gardens due to its water-retaining abilities. Moss rose looks particularly striking next to Creeping zinnia or silver plants like Dusty miller or 'Silver Mound' Globe amaranth.
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Common Problems

Why is my moss rose damping off?

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This is mainly due to too much water in the soil and poor drainage. Moss rose can grow well under dry conditions, but will develop rotten roots from standing water, which result in falling down. Good drainage keeps the soil moist and prevents too much water retention.

Why does moss rose bloom late or bloom with tiny flowers?

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It's mainly because of the lack of sunlight. Moss rose requires at least 6 hours of sunlight per day, so place it in a sunny place such as on a balcony, by a window, etc. Keep an appropriate distance between each plant to ensure good ventilation and enable more light to reach the plants. Also, remove buds on lateral branches to promote the growth of the flower buds on the main branch.
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Caring for a New Plant

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The following pictures and instructions for flower plant are aimed to help your plants adapt and thrive in a new environment.
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1
Picking a Healthy Flower Plant
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Check Its Health

part
Whole Plant
Symmetrical crown, evenly distributed branches, full and compact shape, no excessive growth, close internodes, and uniform leaf size.
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Flowers
Many unopened flower buds are closely attached, without falling off easily when shaken, and show no diseased spots or wilting on the petals.
part
Branches
The branches are not withered, and the trunk is free of boreholes or damage.
more
Stems
No mold, browning or soft rot at the base of the plant.
more
Leaves
Check the inside of the plant, shaded and overlapping areas, back of leaves. Even colour, no yellowing, no brown spots, no crawling insects, no cobwebs, no deformities, no wilting.
health-trouble

Health Troubleshooting

Whole Plant
Branches
Stems
Flowers
Leaves
more
more 1 Asymmetrical crown or missing, uneven branching: prune the weak and slender branches of the larger portion of the asymmetrical crown, then trim the overgrown larger branches.
more
more 2 Internodes are longer in the upper part, leaves are sparse and smaller on top: increase light intensity or duration.
more
more 1 Dry branches: check if the branch is still alive by peeling back a small section of bark and trim away any dry branches. Watch out for signs of insect infestation inside the branch.
more
more 2 Bark with holes: inject insecticide into the holes and apply systemic insecticide to the roots.
more
more 3 Damaged bark: brush on a wound-healing agent, and avoid getting it wet.
more
Mildew, browning, or soft rot at the base: place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment and water with fungicide.
more
more 1 Many flowers have already bloomed: lower the temperature in the environment to extend the flowering period. Prune any dying flowers in a timely manner to prevent nutrient depletion.
more
more 2 Flower bud dropping: keep temperature at 15-25℃, place in bright but shaded area, water frequently, and avoid fertilizing.
more
more 3 Flower petals have spots or disease: avoid spraying water directly onto the petals.
more
more 4 Flower wilting: avoid soil that is too wet or too dry. When touching the soil with your finger, it should feel moist but not leave any water traces on your finger.
more
more 1 Uneven leaf color and yellowing: prune yellow leaves and check if there are signs of rot at the base of the plant. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
more
more 2 Brown spots or small yellow spots: place the plant in a ventilated area and avoid watering the leaves. Spray with fungicide for severe cases.
more
more 3 Tiny crawling insects on the back of leaves or spider webs between leaves: increase light exposure and spray with insecticide for severe cases.
more
more 4 Deformations or missing parts on leaves: determine if it's physical damage or pest infestation. Linear or tearing damage is physical, while the rest are pests. Spray with insecticide.
more
more 5 Wilting leaves: provide partial shade and avoid excessive sun exposure. Remove 1/3 to 1/2 of the leaves for severe cases.
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Check Its Growing Conditions

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Soil Check
Soil should smell fresh like after a rain and no musty odor.
more
Light Check
Check the light requirement of the plant and if it match with planting location.
more
Ventilation Check
Ensure good ventilation.
more
Temperature Check
Ensure outdoor temperature is suitable for plants.
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Condition Troubleshooting

Soil
Ideal Temperature
Ventilation
Suitable Light
check
Succulent & cactus soil
Soil
Soil smells musty or foul: check the root system for decay, place the plant in a ventilated, dry environment, and water with fungicide.
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15℃ to 35℃
Ideal Temperature
Temperature is too low: Temporarily move the plants indoors and then to outdoors when temperature is suitable.
check
Well Ventilated
Ventilation
Non-ventilated environment: can lead to root rot, diseases, and flower drop. Place the plants in an airy location avoiding dead spots.
check
Full sun, Partial sun
Suitable Light
Insufficient light: reduce light appropriately during flowering period but not a fully shaded environment. After flowering, move to normal cultivation environment. For plants with long flowering and fruiting periods, provide normal light to avoid shortening.
Transplant recovery: After transplanting, pot plants should be temporarily shaded, then moved to normal light after a week if no abnormal drop or wilting. In-ground plants, shade for a week and then transfer to normal light or just pay attention to watering.
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2
Adapting Your New Flower Plant
Step 1
condition-image
Repotting
Potted plants - Wait until flowering stage is over before changing pots. In-ground plants - Plant directly taking care not to harm root system or remove soil.
Step 2
condition-image
Pruning
Prune residual flowers, yellow/dead leaves. No other pruning at this time.
Step 3
condition-image
Watering
Water appropriately. Water more frequently for newly transplanted or purchased plants to keep the soil consistently moist for at least 2 weeks. Avoid overwatering, do not water when there is water on your finger after touching the soil. Both underwatering and overwatering can cause plants to drop their flowers or fruit.
Step 4
condition-image
Fertilizing
Don't fertilize just after purchase. Fertilize after 2 weeks using half concentration.
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Water
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Moss Rose Watering Instructions
Moss rose comes from hot, arid regions of Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina. It is commonly found in sandy or rocky soil, often in coastal areas. These dry and sunny environments have low levels of rainfall and are characterized by high temperatures and strong sunlight. As a result, moss rose has adapted to survive in drought-like conditions and requires infrequent watering. It is crucial to allow the soil to dry out between waterings to avoid overwatering, as moss rose thrives in well-draining soil.
When Should I Water My Moss Rose?
Importance of Proper Watering
Correctly watering moss rose plays a crucial role in supporting active growth and blooming. An appropriately hydrated moss rose shows excellent color, healthier leaves, and vibrant flowers, contributing to an appealing garden setup.
Soil Dryness
Moss rose thrives in dry conditions. The first indicator to look for is how dry the soil is. Insert your finger about an inch into the soil. If the soil below the surface feels completely dry, it's time to water the plant. Remember, overwatering can lead to root rot in moss rose.
Leaf Wilt
Wilting leaves is another sign that your moss rose needs water. However, it's important to understand that wilting could also be a sign of stress caused by heat. Distinguish between these two causes — if the soil is moist and your moss rose is wilting, it may be due to heat stress, not dehydration.
Reduced Flowering
Moss rose is a plant that blooms generously under optimal conditions. If noticed reduced flowering or no flowering at all, it may indicate a need for watering - assuming all other requirements such as sunlight exposure are met.
Early Morning or Late Evening Watering
The best time to water moss rose is early in the morning or late in the evening when evaporation is minimal. In this way, the water can soak into the soil, drawing roots deep into the ground, building a stronger and healthier root system.
Risk of Incorrect Watering
Overwatering or underwatering can both be harmful to moss rose. Overwatering can cause the roots to rot and leaves to yellow or drop. It can also lead to a fatal fungal disease. Conversely, underwatering can result in wilting leaves and ultimate death of the plant. Paying careful attention to the signs of dehydration can help maintain the plant's health and prolong its life.
How Should I Water My Moss Rose?
Watering Requirements
Moss rose has specific watering needs and sensitivities that should be considered for optimal hydration. It is important to provide enough water to keep the plant hydrated, but overwatering should be avoided as it can lead to root rot and other issues.
Watering Technique
Bottom-watering is an effective method for watering moss rose. This technique involves placing the plant pot in a tray or saucer filled with water and allowing the roots to absorb water from the bottom up. This ensures that the roots receive adequate moisture without excessive water on the foliage.
Watering Can Type
When using a watering can, it is recommended to choose one with a narrow spout. This allows for precise watering at the base of the plant, avoiding wetting the foliage too much. Watering the base directly helps to prevent fungal diseases and promotes targeted hydration.
Moisture Meter
Using a moisture meter can be beneficial for watering moss rose. This tool allows you to accurately measure the moisture level in the soil, ensuring you water the plant when it needs it and avoiding over or underwatering. Follow the manufacturer's instructions on how to use the moisture meter properly.
Avoiding Foliage
During watering, it is important to avoid wetting the foliage excessively. Wet leaves can lead to fungal diseases and other problems. Direct the water flow towards the base of the plant, allowing it to soak the soil without too much water splashing onto the leaves.
Watering Frequency
The frequency of watering moss rose depends on various factors such as the climate, pot size, and soil type. It is important to monitor the moisture level of the soil and water when it starts to dry out. Stick your finger about an inch into the soil, and if it feels dry, it's time to water. However, avoid watering too frequently as it can lead to root rot. Always adjust the watering frequency based on the specific needs of your moss rose plant.
How Much Water Does Moss Rose Really Need?
Introduction
Moss rose is a plant native to Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina. It thrives in sunny locations with well-draining soil, such as rock gardens or containers. It is a succulent plant, meaning it has adapted to arid environments and has specific water requirements.
Optimal Watering Quantity
The water requirements for moss rose depend on several factors, including pot size, root depth, and plant size. As moss rose has shallow roots, watering should be done moderately while ensuring good drainage. A good rule of thumb is to water when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. For moss rose in a small pot, approximately 1/4 to 1/2 cup of water per watering session is sufficient. For larger pots, increase the amount of water accordingly, but be cautious not to overwater as this can lead to root rot.
Signs of Proper Hydration
To determine if moss rose is receiving the right amount of water, check the soil moisture level. The soil should be moist but not waterlogged. If the soil is consistently wet or muddy, it indicates overwatering. On the other hand, if the soil is dry and crumbly, it indicates underwatering. Additionally, moss rose leaves should appear plump and vibrant, and the plant should exhibit steady growth and flowering during its active growing season.
Risks of Improper Watering
Overwatering moss rose can lead to root rot and fungal diseases, causing the plant to wilt and eventually die. Underwatering can cause the plant to become stressed, resulting in stunted growth and decreased flower production. It is important to strike a balance and provide just enough water for moss rose to thrive.
Additional Advice
In addition to providing the right amount of water, it is important to ensure proper drainage for moss rose. This can be achieved by using well-draining soil and having drainage holes in the pot. Avoid letting moss rose's roots sit in standing water, as this can lead to root rot. It is also beneficial to water moss rose in the morning or early afternoon, allowing the foliage to dry before nightfall and reducing the risk of fungal diseases.
How Often Should I Water Moss Rose?
Twice per week
Watering Frequency
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Just like people, each plant has its own preferences and needs. Devote time to understanding your plants so you can nurture them properly. Observe your plants attentively, learning from their growth patterns, and becoming more in tune with their needs as you grow together. Keep a watchful eye on new plants and seedlings, as they are sensitive to both overwatering and underwatering. Shower them with gentle love and attention, fostering their growth and strength. Let the rhythm of your local climate guide your watering habits, adapting your schedule to the changing weather and the needs of your plants.
What Kind of Water is Best for Moss Rose?
Water Type Guide for moss rose
Water Sensitivity: Moderate - moss rose prefers well-draining soil and should not be overly saturated with water.
Water Types
Distilled Water: Best suited for moss rose as it is pure and free from contaminants. Rainwater: A suitable alternative to distilled water, as long as it is collected from a clean source. Tap Water: Can be used if no other water sources are available. However, it may contain chlorine, fluoride, and other minerals that moss rose may be sensitive to.
Chlorine Sensitivity
High - moss rose is sensitive to chlorine in tap water, which can cause leaf burn and overall stress to the plant.
Fluoride Sensitivity
Moderate - moss rose can be sensitive to high levels of fluoride in tap water, which can lead to leaf discoloration and stunted growth.
Mineral Sensitivity
Low - moss rose can tolerate most minerals found in tap water, but excessive amounts or imbalances can affect its health.
Water Treatments
Dechlorination: It is recommended to let tap water sit out for at least 24 hours before using it on moss rose. This allows the chlorine to evaporate and makes it safer for the plant. Filtration: Using a water filter can help remove contaminants from tap water, making it more suitable for moss rose.
Water Temperature Preferences
Moderate - moss rose generally prefers water at room temperature (around 68-72°F or 20-22°C). Avoid using water that is too cold or too hot, as extreme temperatures can shock the plant.
How Do Moss Rose's Watering Needs Change with the Seasons?
How to Water moss rose in Spring?
Spring is the start of moss rose's growth cycle. With increased daylight hours, the plant starts to actively grow and may require more water than in previous months. However, always check the top inch of soil before each watering, as overwatering is harmful. It should be moderately dry before you water the plant again. Additionally, spring showers may provide some necessary hydration, so adjust home watering accordingly.
How to Water moss rose in Summer?
During the summer, moss rose enters an active blooming stage and is exposed to higher temperatures and longer daily sunlight exposure. As a result, the plant will need thorough watering more frequently compared to spring. However, be careful to avoid overwatering by consistently checking the soil's dryness. As moss rose is drought-resistant, it'll happily survive dry intervals rather than waterlogged conditions which can result in root rot.
How to Water moss rose in Autumn?
In fall, moss rose begins to prepare for dormancy. Days get shorter and temperatures cooler, reducing the plant's water requirements. Slowly scale back watering frequency at this time, making sure the top layer of soil dries out between watering. However, as moss rose is an annual and begins to wither in fall, it might not need as much care or water during this time.
How to Water moss rose in Winter?
Moss rose being an annual plant, will not survive the winter outdoors in most climates. Hence, its watering needs are almost negligible. If you're growing moss rose in pots indoors, water sparingly if at all, as the reduced sunlight and heat during winter means it will use less water. Always check the soil before watering, and only do so when it's dry to the touch.
What Expert Tips Can Enhance Moss Rose Watering Routine?
Watering Tools
When watering moss rose, it is best to use a watering can or a hose with a nozzle that delivers a gentle stream of water. This will avoid damaging the delicate foliage and flowers.
Watering Time
Watering moss rose in the early morning or late afternoon is ideal, as it allows the water to soak into the soil without the intense heat and evaporation of midday. Avoid watering in the evening to prevent potential fungal issues.
Assessing Soil Moisture
To accurately gauge the moisture level of the soil, use a moisture meter or your finger. Insert the moisture meter or thumb into the soil to a depth of a few inches. If it feels dry at that depth, it's time to water.
Avoid Surface-level Watering
Make sure to water moss rose deeply, allowing the water to penetrate into the root zone. Shallow watering only wets the top layer of soil, leading to weak root growth. The goal is to moisten the soil at least 6-8 inches deep.
Avoid Over-watering
Over-watering is a common mistake with moss rose. It's crucial to let the soil dry out between waterings to prevent root rot. The plant prefers its soil on the dry side rather than overly moist.
Signs of Thirst
When moss rose needs watering, its leaves will start to appear wilted, and the plant may droop. However, be vigilant not to water too frequently as the plant is drought-tolerant and can handle a certain level of drought stress.
Signs of Over-watering
If the leaves of moss rose are turning yellow and becoming mushy, it is a sign of over-watering. Additionally, root rot may occur, and the plant may show stunted growth or develop blackened roots.
Watering during Heatwaves
During heatwaves, moss rose may benefit from additional waterings to combat the increased evaporation. Increase the frequency of watering, but avoid excessive amounts in a single watering session.
Watering during Extended Rain
During extended periods of rain, be cautious not to over-water moss rose. If the soil becomes saturated, it's advisable to temporarily reduce watering until the soil has a chance to dry out slightly.
Watering when Stressed
If moss rose is under stress due to extreme heat or disease, adjust the watering routine accordingly. Providing slightly more water during these times can help the plant recover and support its overall health.
Mulching for Water Retention
Applying a layer of organic mulch, such as bark or compost, around the base of moss rose can help retain soil moisture and reduce evaporation. This is especially beneficial in hot and dry climates.
Avoid Wetting the Foliage
When watering moss rose, direct the water flow towards the base of the plant to prevent wetting the foliage. Wet leaves can promote the growth of fungal diseases, so it's best to keep the leaves dry.
Considering Hydroponics? How to Manage a Water-Grown Moss Rose?
Overview
Hydroponics, a method of cultivating plants in water without soil, could be very beneficial for moss rose. Given moss rose's ability to thrive in poor soil conditions, this method allows more control over nutrient distribution directly to roots and reduces pest issues, making it ideal for moss rose's growth and vitality.
Best Suited Hydroponic System
The Ebb and Flow (Flood and Drain) system is particularly suitable for moss rose due to its simplicity and effectiveness. The intermittent soaking and draining of the plant's root system prevents its oversaturation while supplying it with nutrients, air, and water. This mimics the natural environment of moss rose and helps prevent issues such as waterlogging.
Nutrient Solution
Moss rose prefers a balanced nutrient solution with a pH of 5.8-6.2 for optimal growth. The solution should consist of a standard mix of micro and macronutrients, changed every two weeks to prevent nutrient depletion. Regular monitoring of nutrient levels is critical to avoid imbalances that could lead to root or foliage damage.
Common Challenges
Common issues faced during moss rose's hydroponic cultivation include root rot due to over-watering, nutrient imbalances due to poor management of the solution's concentration and pH, and light requirements. Moss rose does require ample sunlight (6 hours minimum) to properly bloom. Providing the necessary light indoors may be a challenge for some growers.
Plant Health Monitoring
Look out for signs such as leaf discoloration, wilting, slow growth or lack of blooming as indications of health issues in moss rose grown hydroponically. These symptoms can indicate problems with nutrient balance, light, or pH level, which should prompt checks on solution parameters and adjustments where necessary.
Environment Adjustment
The hydroponic environment's parameters should be adjusted based on moss rose's specific needs during different growth stages. Seedlings may require higher humidity and lower nutrient levels, while mature plants need more light and nutrients. Adjustments should also be made in response to any visible signs of plant stress.
Important Symptoms
Overwatering
Overwatering can easily lead to disease symptoms in Moss rose, as it has evolved mechanisms to survive drought conditions. For instance, the plant stores water in its tissues, closes its stomata, and reduces water loss. Symptoms of overwatering include yellowing leaves, brown or black spots, leaf rot...
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Brown or black spots
Excessive watering can damage the plant's root system, making it vulnerable to fungal infections. The plant may develop dark brown to black spots that spread upwards from the lower leaves which are usually the first to be affected.
Leaf rot
Overwatering can cause the leaves to become waterlogged, leading to rotting when the environment is humid.
Soft or mushy stems
Excess water can cause stems to become soft and mushy, as the cells become waterlogged and lose their structural integrity.
Root rot
Excess water in the soil can lead to the growth of harmful fungi and bacteria, causing the roots to rot and eventually kill the plant.
Increased susceptibility diseases
Overwatering plants may become more susceptible and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Solutions
1. Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness. Wait for soil to dry before watering.2. Increase soil aeration by loosening surface and gently stirring with a wooden stick or chopstick.3. Optimize environment with good ventilation and warmth to enhance water evaporation and prevent overwatering.
Underwatering
For Moss rose, it is not prone to experiencing plant health issues due to lack of watering. However, it is possible to suffer from dehydration if watering is consistently forgotten for an extended period. Symptoms of dehydration include wilting, yellowing leaves, root damage...
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Wilting
Due to the dry soil and insufficient water absorption by the roots, the leaves of the plant will appear limp, droopy, and lose vitality.
Yellowing leaves
The leaves may begin to yellow or develop dry tips as a result of water stress and reduced nutrient uptake.
Root damage
Prolonged underwatering can cause root damage, making it difficult for the plant to absorb water even when it is available.
Slow growth
The plant may exhibit delayed development or slow growth due to not receiving enough water to support its growth.
Increased susceptibility to pests and diseases
Underwatered plants may become more susceptible to pests and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Solutions
1. Thoroughly saturate soil with slow ring watering to ensure uniform and sufficient moisture for plants. 2. Increase air humidity with water trays or misting to slow leaf water evaporation. 3. Watering according to the recommended frequency.Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness.
Watering Troubleshooting for Moss Rose
Why are the leaves on my moss rose turning yellow?
Yellowing leaves could be a sign of overwatering. This plant prefers dry conditions, try to allow the soil to completely dry out between watering and ensure your pot or planter has good drainage to avoid waterlogged soil.
Why is my moss rose starting to wilt and look poorly?
This could be due to underwatering. Moss rose are succulent plants and prefer a decent amount of water, especially during dry spells. Monitor the condition of soil and feel its moisture level prior to watering. Water thoroughly, and then let it dry out before you water again.
What happens if I water my moss rose too much?
Overwatering can lead to root rot, a common problem in moss rose that can lead to the death of the plant. If your plant is drooping, has yellow leaves and a rotting smell, then it might be suffering from root rot. To treat the problem, remove the plant from its existing soil, cut away any black, mushy roots, and then replant in fresh, well-draining soil. Going forward, reduce your watering and ensure the plant has proper drainage.
I spotted some mold on the soil of my moss rose. What should I do?
Mold is a sign of too much moisture which can be due to overwatering. Cut back on watering, allow the soil to dry out, and remove the mold from the soil surface. If the problem persists, repotting the plant in new soil may be necessary. To prevent mold, maintain a regular watering schedule and avoid overly saturating the soil.
Why are the leaves of my moss rose looking dried out despite regular watering?
This could be a sign of poor water absorption. Although the moss rose is a succulent and can thrive in dry soils, it still requires adequate water. If the water isn't penetrating the soil and reaching the root system, it can lead to dried out leaves. Try deep watering technique, where you water the plant slowly and deeply, to ensure water reaches the root zone. Make sure, however, to allow the soil to dry before the next watering.
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Lighting
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Moss rose flourishes in regions where the sun is fully visible and not obscured. This assists its growth and development, yet it shows resilience when exposed to areas having a moderate share of sunshine. Too much or too little sun may be detrimental, leading to poor foliage and bloom.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Insufficient light
Moss rose is a beloved choice for indoor gardening, and they require strong light to thrive. However, when placed in rooms with suboptimal lighting, they may develop symptoms of light deficiency.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Impact on flowering and fruiting
Your plant may not show obvious abnormalities due to insufficient sunlight, but it can have adverse effects on future flowering and fruiting.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your moss rose may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Slower or no new growth
Moss rose enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Excessive light
Moss rose require strong light to thrive, and some are remarkably resilient to sun exposure, rarely suffering from sunburn.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Moss rose is native to warm regions and thrives in temperatures between 68 to 100°F (20 to 38℃). Cooler temperatures can see a slowdown in growth. In the colder months, move it to a warmer, sheltered spot to keep it thriving.
Regional wintering strategies
Moss rose is a heat-loving plant that gradually stops growing and enters a dormant state during the winter. When the outdoor temperature drops below {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}, it should be moved indoors for cultivation. Choose a location near a south-facing window to provide as much sunlight as possible. If there is insufficient natural light, supplemental lighting can be used. When the temperature falls below {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}, the plant's growth slows down, and watering should be reduced or stopped to prevent root rot. For Moss rose grown outdoors, watering should be completely halted during low temperatures. If feasible, you can set up a temporary greenhouse for insulation or use materials such as plastic film or fabric to wrap the plant during cold temperatures.
Important Symptoms
Low Temperature
Moss rose thrives in high temperatures and is not tolerant of low temperatures. It grows best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, the plant may become weak, wilt, and be prone to root rot. In cases of mild frost damage, there may not be any initial symptoms, but after a week, the plant will gradually wither.
Solutions
Trim off the frostbitten areas, paying attention to whether the roots have rotted. If the roots have rotted, they need to be cut off, and the plant can be propagated through cuttings. Immediately move indoors to a warm environment and place the plant near a south-facing window to ensure ample sunlight. If there is insufficient light, you can use supplemental lighting.
High Temperature
During summer, Moss rose should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the plant's growth will cease, it will experience water loss, wilting, and becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Remove the sunburned and rotten parts. Shield the plant from afternoon sunlight until it recovers and starts growing again. For plants with root rot, stop watering until new roots begin to emerge.
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Transplant
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How to Successfully Transplant Moss Rose?
To ensure successful transplantation of moss rose, it's best to move them during the heart of spring when temperatures are ideal. Choose a sunny location with well-drained soil. Remember to keep the root ball intact, offering moss rose a seamless transition to their new environment.
What Preparations are Needed Before Transplanting Moss Rose?
What is the Ideal Time for Transplanting Moss Rose?
Re-positioning moss rose during the mid-Spring or what you might call the heart of the growing season is ideal. This timing allows moss rose to adapt to the new surroundings before the full heat of summer. Transplanting in this period promises luscious blooms in summer. It also gives roots time to settle and grow strong without the stress of excessive heat.
How Much Space Should You Leave Between Moss Rose Plants?
For moss rose, it's best to give them some room to grow. Space the plants 6-12 inches (15-30 cm) apart during transplanting for optimal growth and beautiful blooms.
What is the Best Soil Mix for Moss Rose Transplanting?
Prepare a well-draining soil mix for moss rose, enriched with organic matter or compost. Add a balanced, slow-release fertilizer to the base to give them the nutrients they need to thrive.
Where Should You Relocate Your Moss Rose?
Moss rose loves sunlight, so find a spot in your garden that gets at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily. This will ensure vibrant colors and healthy growth for your plants.
What Equipments Should You Prepare Before Transplantation Moss Rose?
Gardening Gloves
To protect your hands while handling the plant and soil.
Shovel or Spade
To help dig up the plant from its original location and create a hole in the new location.
Trowel
To aid in lifting small plants or seedlings.
Pruners
To trim away any damaged roots or foliage.
Bucket or Wheelbarrow
To transport the plant from the old location to the new one.
Watering Can
For watering the plant before and after the transplant.
Compost
To add to the new hole to provide nutrients to the plant.
How Do You Remove Moss Rose from the Soil?
From Ground: Begin by watering the moss rose plant in its original location to moisten the soil. Using a shovel, carefully dig around the plant, ensuring a wide berth to avoid damaging the roots. Next, gently work the shovel underneath the plant, carefully lifting to maintain the integrity of the root ball. Put the plant into the bucket or wheelbarrow for transport to its new location.
From Pot: Water the moss rose in its container, then gently invert the pot while supporting the plant's stem and root ball with your hand. If the plant remains stuck, tap the edges of the pot to loosen it, but avoid pulling on the plant as this could cause damage.
From Seedling Tray: Water the seedlings, then use a trowel or small spoon to lift them out, making sure to get the entire root system. Support the seedling by its leaves rather than the stem to avoid causing damage.
Step-by-Step Guide for Transplanting Moss Rose
Step1 Replanting Timing
Ideally, transplant in the evening or on a cloudy day, this will help the moss rose recover before it's exposed to full sunlight.
Step2 Planting Hole
Dig a hole at the new location using your shovel, making it twice as wide and equal in depth to the root ball of the moss rose plant.
Step3 Compost
Put a small amount of compost into the hole, this will provide nutrients for the plant.
Step4 Plant Positioning
Position your moss rose in the hole. The top of the root ball should be level with the ground surface. Backfill the hole with soil, firming gently around the base of the moss rose.
Step5 Watering
Water the moss rose thoroughly after transplanting. During the first few days, keep an eye on the plant to ensure it doesn’t dry out.
How Do You Care For Moss Rose After Transplanting?
Monitoring
Keep an eye on the moss rose for the first few weeks after transplanting. Check the leaves for signs of stress or disease, and ensure the plant stays upright.
Watering
Water the moss rose plant regularly, especially on hot or dry days, but be mindful not to overwater as the moss rose doesn't like to be waterlogged.
Pruning
After a few weeks, prune any dead or damaged stems to encourage more growth.
Protection
Protect moss rose from harsh winds and intense heat for the first few weeks until it settles into its new location.
Troubleshooting Common Issues with Moss Rose Transplantation.
When is the best time to transplant moss rose?
The best time to transplant moss rose is during mid-spring, when the weather becomes consistently warm.
What's the ideal spacing for transplanting moss rose?
Give your moss rose ample room to grow. Space each plant around 6–12 inches (15–30 cm) apart.
How should I prepare the soil before planting moss rose?
Prepare a well-draining soil enriched with organic matter before transplanting. Moss rose doesn't tolerate waterlogged conditions.
What's the ideal depth for planting moss rose?
Ensure the root ball of moss rose is level with the soil surface. Avoid planting them too deep.
How should I water moss rose after transplanting?
Water moss rose thoroughly after transplanting and then sparingly. These plants are drought-tolerant and over-watering can cause root rot.
Do I need to add fertilizer while transplanting moss rose?
If you've enriched the soil with organic matter, no additional fertilizer is needed during transplanting moss rose.
What kind of light conditions do moss rose require after transplanting?
Moss rose thrives in full sunlight. A minimum of 6 hours of direct sunlight per day is recommended.
What should I do if the leaves of moss rose are turning yellow after transplanting?
Yellow leaves can signal over-watering or poor drainage. Let the soil dry before watering and ensure proper draining conditions.
After transplanting, my moss rose looks wilted, what should I do?
First, check the watering level—it could be too much or too little. Also, make sure moss rose gets enough sunlight.
How would I know if I have successfully transplanted moss rose?
A successful transplant of moss rose will show new growth within a few weeks, including fresh leaves or flower buds.
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