Banana Aphid (Pentalonia nigronervosa)
This insect is one of the most significant pests of the edible banana. Banana aphids can transmit the Banana Bunchy Top Virus (BBTV). Spraying with soapy water and applying oil sprays can keep the population under control.
Panama Disease (Fusarium oxysporum)
A damaging fungal disease that can survive in the soil for decades. It leads to wilting and yellowing of leaves. It's critical to adopt practices like crop rotation, planting resistant varieties, and thorough sanitization of equipment to prevent its spread.
Black Sigatoka (Pseudocercospora fijiensis)
It's a fungal disease causing streaks on leaves which reduces photosynthesis, leading to a decrease in yield quality and quantity. Applying fungicides and practicing proper sanitation can help manage this disease.