Botanical name: Aeonium
Botanical name: Aeonium
Tree houseleeks are evergreen succulents that make excellent houseplants. Most grow in a rosette shape, but the leaves of different cultivars will vary in size and shape. The leaf color can change depending on the amount of sun exposure and the changing of the seasons. These plants die after they bloom, which can take years to occur.
Species of Tree houseleeks
Aeonium arboreum f. variegata
Aeonium arboreum f. variegata is an attractive succulent plant with two-colored or 'variegated' leaves that contribute to its ornamental appeal. It is not frost-tolerant, so it should be grown indoors or moved inside in winter in cooler climates. This delicate plant is vulnerable to various pests like scale insects, aphids, white butterfly, and spider mites.
Green pinwheel is a visually striking plant with rosettes of succulent leaves. Its unique feature is the ability to change color - the leaves turn red under intense sunlight. In addition to being aesthetically pleasing, this plant is known for attracting insects and birds, making it a great addition to any garden. Fun fact: Aeonium decorum can live for many years without any soil, surviving solely on the water stored in its leaves.
Tree aeonium 'Cyclops'
Tree aeonium 'Cyclops' is distinct for its rosettes of deep reddish-brown leaves with bright green centers. A cultivar of Aeonium arboreum, its name refers to the one-eyed monster of Greek mythology. Gardeners love this plant because it requires little water and does well in sandy soil. It produces golden flowers but remains attractive when not in bloom.
Haworth's aeonium 'Kiwi'
Haworth's aeonium 'Kiwi' is mysterious in origins, but is believed to be a cultivar of Haworth's aeonium or pinwheel (Aeonium haworthii). Even the reason it came to be called 'Kiwi' is unknown. Unlike its parent that features solid green leaves, this cultivar is popular for its variegated leaf rosettes, with tips that blush pink or red when stressed. This delicate plant is highly prized among gardeners and succulent enthusiasts.
Aeonium simsii is a succulent sometimes commonly known as sweet stern. The Aeonium simsii originates in the Canary Islands and is cultivated in pots and containers. This species goes dormant in the summer and does not thrive in hot, dry conditions. In the winter, it should be watered every time its soil is completely dried out, to ensure optimal growth.
Tree houseleeks 'Mardi Gras'
Tree houseleeks 'Mardi Gras' shows off with its yellow-green rosettes surrounded by deep purple margins, giving it a distinctive coloration among succulents. Hybridized from other aeoniums, this cultivar was named for its festive coloration, likening it to the Mardi Gras festival. Tree houseleeks 'Mardi Gras' is beloved for its compact size, ease of care, and beautiful colors.
El Hierro Giant Houseleek
El Hierro Giant Houseleek (Aeonium hierrense) is a flowering succulent endemic to the Canary Islands. El Hierro Giant Houseleek is cultivated as a house and garden plant and considered a rare species in cultivation. Like most succulents, this species will experience root rot if allowed to sit in standing water. It does not grow well in extremely hot or dry climates, and a total lack of water will cause its leaves to curl.
Haworth's aeonium is a succulent shrub with rosettes of bluish-green leaves. It is commonly grown as a houseplant in cooler regions. The Royal Horticultural Society awarded it the Garden Merit Award. It develops in late spring or early summer, and the blossoms are white, off-white, or pale yellow with a little pink tinge.
Black rose leaves are usually black, clustered, and terminal on the apexes of bare stems. They look like blooming fireworks. In the heat of summer, black rose goes into dormancy, shedding its old leaves and only keeping a few new ones. These leaves curl toward their points of growth and make the plant look like a black rosebud ready to bloom. During the dormancy period, water supply should be reduced to help the plant survive the summer.
Tree aeonium (Aeonium davidbramwellii) is a branching succulent native to the Canary Islands. Tree aeonium is cultivated as an ornamental species. This species grows best in sandy loam soils. They do not thrive in overly hot and dry weather, but they will experience root rot if overwatered.
The saucer plant usually has only one main stem that does not branch, and can grow up to 1 m tall, with its rosette measuring up to 30 cm wide. During its flowering season, the yellow pagoda-shaped corolla is very noticeable. After the flowers fade, all the upper leaves wither and die, and many small lateral buds sprout on the lower stem near the ground.
New leaves on copper pinwheel have golden-yellow margins with green centers. Its old leaves have light pink margins and are both rich in color and highly ornamental. This plant is also a species that tends to develop a crested form, and after cresting the leaves become smaller and grow densely on the stalks. The stem also grows into a unique fan-shape.
Dinner plate plant
The dinner plate plant differs from other plants in the genus Aeonium in that its new leaves grow close to its old ones. Together, they form a complete circle that clings to the ground, like a round, patterned dinner plate.
Aeonium is named for its soft fleshy leaves, which have a smooth velour-like texture. This low-growing succulent is ideal for the containers and rockeries of Mediterranean gardens. It can be recognized by its leaf clusters which have a distinctive lime green center and dark purple exterior.
Tree aeonium 'Jack Catlin'
Tree aeonium 'Jack Catlin' is a Tree aeonium cultivar noted for its exceptionally large maroon leaf rosettes with green centers. Except for the color of its rosettes, the cultivar was selected for its vigorous growth and spread, as well for its improved heat and frost tolerance. The cultivar carries the name after its breeder, Jack Catlin.
Tree aeonium 'Zwartkop'
The tree aeonium 'Zwartkop' is a cultivar from the stonecrop family. This succulent has striking foliage that appears in shades of red and deep purple. There are also tinges of yellow sometimes. Yellow star-shaped buds appear and bloom in the summertime. There are a few stories relating to its name, and its meaning - 'Zwartkop' is the Dutch word for 'black head,' but it's possible the cultivar was named for a German with the last name 'Schwartzkopf' and later mistranslated. Both names are occasionally used for this cultivar.
Tree aeonium 'Atropurpureum'
Tree aeonium 'Atropurpureum' is a unique, succulent plant that can be grown both indoors and outdoors. Its striking deep purple-tinged foliage adds a pop of color to any landscape. This plant is toxic to pets and wildlife if ingested.
Green pinwheel 'Sunburst'
The distinctiveness of green pinwheel 'Sunburst' comes from the variegation in its foliage, featuring shades of green and yellow lightly dusted with copper edges. Green pinwheel 'Sunburst' is an Aeonium hybrid, likely cultivated from Aeonium decorum. This plant's leaves only produce their characteristic colors when exposed to the sun, which may be why it was given the name "Sunburst."
Tree aeonium 'Blushing Beauty'
Tree aeonium 'Blushing Beauty' is a succulent that offers tight rosettes of mid-green leaves tinged with red at the top. It is a cultivar of Tree aeonium. The name was given by the grower, southern California horticulturist Jack Catlin, when he observed that the red-blush color was retained when the plant got bright light. Gardeners favor this cultivar for growing in terraccota pots or in beds. It is virtually pest-free and disease-free.
Green Rose Buds
The green Rose Buds is special in that its dormancy period is when it looks its best. Over the summer months, the green Rose Buds goes into a long dormancy, and this is when the outer layers of its leaves wither, while its inner leaves turn pink and wrap inwards into a "rose". When the weather cools down, the plant starts growing again, with its leaves turning green and gradually spreading out. The green Rose Buds really dislikes sweltering heat, but watering during its dormancy needs to be avoided, as this could kill the plant.
Aeonium decorum 'Variegatum'
The leaves of the aeonium decorum 'Variegatum' are much plumper and more colorful than those of the other plants in the Aeonium genus. In its full glory, the middle of a aeonium decorum 'Variegatum' leaf remains emerald green, while its two sides turn a golden-yellow. A contrasting margin in red/pink gives the plant a natural gradient effect, reminiscent of the sun's radiant glow.
The dwarf aeonium is small and can easily branch into a grove shape. The old leaves feature straight red stripes down the middle and a red border on the margin, which become pronounced when the leaves turn yellow. During the summer dormant period, new leaves form tight balls while old leaves wither away.
Tree aeonium (Aeonium arboreum) is a succulent subshrub species endemic to the Canary Islands. Tree aeonium is often grown as an ornamental plant in gardens. Because it is subtropical, this species has to be grown under greenhouse conditions in other climates. Tree aeonium is also known as the tree houseleek and the Irish rose. It grows naturally in shade and on weathered, volcanic soils.