Botanical name: Aizoaceae
Botanical name: Aizoaceae
Species of Fig-marigold
Living stones (the genus name, Lithops, translates to "stone face") are easily recognizable for their bulbous, nearly fused leaf structure. Their uniquely rocklike appearance is likely a survival adaptation: herbivores are likely to confuse them for pebbles, so they won't attempt to consume them.
Cone plant is a genus of succulent plants, distributed in South African and Namibian. Members of the genus are tiny plants with succulent leaves ranging from 6 to 51 mm length. Each leaf pair (together referred to as a body) ranges in shape from "bilobed" to spherical to ovoid to tubular to conical.
Glottiphyllum are a genus of succulents that are native to Southern Africa. Some members of this genus have been declared as endangered on South Africa’s Plant Red List. They have a clump-forming habit and grow in a variety of habitats.
The ice plants (Mesembryanthemum) are a large group of low-growing, flowering plants. Their common name refers not to their habitat, but their appearance – ice plants have shiny, glistening stems and leaves that can appear to be ice-covered. Hardy and bearing small but showy flowers, several ice plants are commonly cultivated as ornamental groundcovers.
Stone plant is a genus that consists of 100 species of flowering succulent perennial plants, native to semi-arid regions in the far west of Namibia and South Africa. Most species are clump-forming, a few are shrubby. The leaves are opposite and triangular in section, rarely flattened, the surface more or less velvety. Daisy-like flowers open during the day in summer, are borne singly and usually have yellow, rarely purple or red, petals.
Titanopsis is a genus of succulent plants of the family Aizoaceae. They are small plants, with rosette up to 10 cm high. Leaves are truncate tip and rough warty little tubercles at the apex of the leaves. Yellow flowers appear in late fall. This genus includes about 10 species. The genus is Indigenous to the arid regions of South Africa and Namibia. The genus has a disjunct distribution, occurring in three separate areas of southern Africa.
Trichodiadema are small, short-stemmed succulents with flowers that look like daisies, but with red or mauve petals. Native to the southern regions of Africa, these plants have stiff bristles between their segmented sections that make them look similar to cacti. These attractive and distinctive plants are popular with ornamental gardeners.
The ice plants (Carpobrotus) are a small group of low-growing flowering plants in the fig-marigold family. These plants' flowers are usually showy and daisy-like in appearance. Their blooms, coupled with their spreading growth habit and their drought tolerance, makes many ice plants useful as ornamental groundcover, especially in arid climates. The common name "ice plants" is a reference not to these plants' flowers, but their fruits, which are said to look like pig's faces.
Faucaria are a genus of succulents known for their thorn-edged leaves, which look like pointy little teeth. This explains the scientific name Faucaria, which comes from the Latin word for "animal mouth". They are small plants with golden-yellow flowers, and several are domesticated as potted plants or unique ornamentals.
Sea-purslanes's current range encompasses warmer parts of South Africa and North, South, and Central America, where it populates beaches and coastlines. One of the relatively few genii that thrives in salty soil, it has several species that are used as ground cover in warm, coastal regions.
Rhombophyllum are a genus of succulents and subshrubs native to tropical southern Africa. These plants are ideal for use in garden borders and container gardening, as they attract butterflies, bees, and other pollinators. They have also been used to stabilize banks and ground cover.
Cleretum is a genus of flowering plants in the family Aizoaceae, native to the Cape Provinces of South Africa.
Babies' toes are a genus of succulents containing just one species, Fenestraria rhopalophylla. These dry-climate specialists are found only in Namaqualand, Namibia. The common name Babies' toes comes from these plants' small toe-like stems which store water to help them survive in habitats with extremely low rainfall.
Oscularia is a genus of succulent flowering plants in the family Aizoaceae. The most superficially recognisable feature of the genus is the strange shape of the leaves, which are grey-green and waxy. They are triangular in cross-section (3 angled) and can be sickle, club or mouth shaped. The stems are often red, and the leaves can become red too during times of drought. Abundant, almond-scented, daisy-like white or pink flowers appear throughout the summer. Oscularia is native to semi-arid and rocky habitats in the Western Cape of South Africa.
The succulent genus of tetragonia are annual or perennial herbs that are popularly cultivated as house plants or in the gardens of subtropical regions. Most members prefer dry soil while some others are salt tolerant and can be found along coastlines. Several species of tetragonia are considered invasive when found outside of their native ranges.
Narrow-Leafed Ice Plants
Narrow-Leafed Ice Plants is a genus of succulent plants in the ice plant family. These are relatively short-lived perennials with underground stems and tentacle-shaped, dull-pointed triangular leaves. They bear large tubular flowers often exceeding 10 cm in width, with up to 250 fringelike petals arranged in a ring around a center with hundreds of stamens. The fruit is a capsule which opens when it gets wet, slowly releasing the hundreds of tiny seeds as they fall out of its drying flesh. Narrow-Leafed Ice Plants is native to southern Africa.
Trianthema (Trianthema) are native to tropical America but are found throughout the tropics, especially in the rainy season in plains, riverbeds, and agricultural fields. Some of its species are considered noxious weeds, as they outcompete grains and other fields in Africa and Asia.
Living stone is a genus consisting of over 50 species of succulents in the iceplant family from South Africa. These distinctive plants are among those known as "living stones", because their highly succulent, usually stemless, blue-green leaves occur at ground level and can resemble small stones. They form small clumps of a few or many paired, usually cylindrical to egg-shaped leaves that are cleft in the center. Each stem bears just 2 leaves per season but may produce offsets over the years. Solitary daisy-like flowers, usually white, yellow, or purple, appear in the cleft.
Braunsia are popularly used in gardens or as houseplants due to their striking flowers. They are small succulent plants that grow in hot climates. These succulents have thick, silver-green leaves that are filled with water, and they grow large pink, white, or purple flowers. The stems grow upright or trail along the ground.
Care Guide for Fig-marigold
OrderPinks, cacti, and allies