Botanical name: Amaryllidaceae
Botanical name: Amaryllidaceae
Species of Amaryllis
Pancratium are a genus of plants with elaborate and fragrant white flowers that make them highly popular ornamentally. These flowers have a long history of cultivation and were featured in ancient frescoes found in Crete. Pancratium are arid climate specialists that grow in sandy habitats across their native Eurasia and Africa.
Wild garlic are bulbous, stemless flowering plants with a characteristic garlic-like smell (no wonder since they are closely related to garlic and onions). They have traditionally been used as food, fodder, ornamentals, and medicinal plants. Another curious trait of wild garlic is that the seeds of dry habitat species have coats that quickly take up water, while those from boggy habitats have seeds with water-resistant coats.
Cyrtanthus are popular house and bedding plants, valued for their fragrance and attractive blooms that are available in a variety of colors. They are perennials that grow from bulbs that can be deciduous or evergreen. Some members of this genus have been listed as vulnerable or endangered in their native regions due to habitat degradation and overgrazing.
Natal lilies are flowering plants that grow from a bulb. The evergreen leaves grow low on the stalk and have a strap-like appearance. Leaves can be solid green or variegated, depending on the variety. These plants are often sold as houseplants and are treasured for their long-lasting blooms. Some species are poisonous, especially to small children.
Spider Lilies are flowering perennial plants that grow from a bulb. The flowers can be red, white, yellow, or orange. A unique characteristic of these plants is that the leaves and the flowers never appear on the plant at the same time. Often used in flower arrangements for funerals, these plants have a long association with cemeteries and the afterlife.
Boophone spread by seeds that form after the flowers are pollinated, breaking away from the plants when mature. The plants are often cultivated for garden use, prized for their attractive summer flowers and unique bulb. Seeds from the plants grow into large bulbs that protrude from the ground. The bulbs can live for several decades, producing new growth every year.
The leaves of crossyne grow in a radial arrangement around the top of the bulb, emerging from a flat slit. The leaves are a decorative dark green, coriaceous in texture and mottled or spotted beneath, especially near the base. The plant is strictly deciduous and endemic to a mainly winter-rainfall, partly semi-arid, region. There are two known species, both of which are native to Cape Province in South Africa.
Native to Southern Africa, blood lilies bear large, globe-shaped flowers with dozens of red petals, creating one of the world's most spectacular seasonal blooms. Commonly called "Blood Lilies," they are named for their appearance of blood dripping on their sides. These plants thrive in rockeries and containers in both full sun and partial shade, and they can be propagated from seeds, bulb cuttings, and offsets. This makes them a popular choice in landscaping.
Insmene are flowering perennials native to warmer parts of the Americas. They grow in wet habitats like streambanks and marshes. Some insmene are cultivated in gardens for showy white, yellow, or greenish flowers that somewhat resemble daffodils or lilies with spider-shaped flowers – hence the common name "Spider lily." Because they prefer wet habitats, these plants make an excellent choice for soggy soils or to plant on the edges of ponds.
The name onions can be applied to many plants including edible onions, garlic, leeks, and more. Popular as garden plants and also grown commercially, the flowers grow on tall stalks and both leaves and bulbs are usually edible. Onions offer both beauty to the garden and protection from critters; the leaves emit a garlic-like or onion-like fragrance that repels rodents and other pests.
Spring starflowers are small flowering plants that grow from a bulb. They are noted for their pleasant aroma and distinct star-shaped flowers. Spring starflowers have been successfully hybridized and remain popular with horticulturalists for borders and container planting, providing spring interest. Interestingly, the leaves of many species of this genus emit a garlic-like scent if crushed.
Daffodils are flowering perennials that grow from a bulb. Their large white flowers with yellow, tube-shaped centers make them popular plants often sold in retail stores and garden centers. Flowers bloom in early spring and attract bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. This genus is a favorite of florists, with blossoms that can be used in cut flower arrangements or marketed as potted plants.
Nerines are popular choices for gardeners and florists, since they are easy to grow in pots and gardens and are captivating in appearance. They produce extremely showy blooms that grow in bright red, purple, pink, orange, or white blooms. They grow from bulbs and sprout long stems that tend to grow in tight clusters.
The tropics-loving fairy lilies grow from hardy bulbs that have naturalized in many parts of the Western Hemisphere. One odd trait Rain lilies share is that their star-shaped flowers come into bloom after it rains, hence the common name. With their array of flower colors, sweet fragrance, and synchronous blooming, these plants have become a popular option among gardeners and breeders.
Lily of the Nile
Lily of the Nile are perennial plants with evergreen leaves. Flowers bloom in summer and can be blue or white. They are excellent plants for sunny gardens and can withstand semi-dry conditions. They are not as toxic as a lily plant, but the leaves' sap can irritate the skin. Standard and dwarf varieties make these plants versatile enough for any area of the garden.
Amaryllis are flowering plants that have been used in cultivation since the 18th century. They have lily-shaped flowers but are only distantly related to the lily plant. Amaryllis comprise an important genus, as these plants have a symbiotic relationship with carpenter bees and are important to noctuid moths. Furthermore, they have long been associated with the meanings of pride, determination, and radiant beauty.
Amaryllis are flowering plants that are widely sold during the winter months as ready-to-bloom bulbs. The bulbs are large and fleshy and produce tall, wide leaves that are typically evergreen. The large flowers feature vivid colors of red and purple, making them highly desirable during the winter.
False allium comprise a genus of perennial plants that grow from a bulb. Some species are noxious weeds due to their vigorous spreading habit, while others are cultivated as ornamentals for their lovely yellow flowers. As the name suggests, these plants look similar to plants found in the genus Allium (which contains garlic and onion).
Crinum are tropical and subtropical perennials that develop from bulbs. They are known for their large, showy, and fragrant flowers. The Latin name translates to 'white lily,' which is a perfect description as the lily-like blooms most often come in shades of white. These are popular plants for aquariums but can also be cultivated for landscaping and small gardens. They are easy to grow and are loved for their dramatic blooms.
Amazon lily is a perennial with a bulb. Leaves are broad-stalked. The large showy white flowers are borne in an umbel of three to ten on an erect scape. The flowers resemble narcissus flowers in having a prominent central cup or corona, which is sometimes tinged with green. This genus includes about 15-20 species. Amazon lily is native to Central America and South America, from Guatemala south to Bolivia. Some species have become naturalized in Mexico, the West Indies, and scattered tropical islands.
Eucrosia is a genus of herbaceous, perennial and bulbous plants in the Amaryllis family distributed from Ecuador to Peru. The genus contains eight species. The leaves are deciduous, with characteristic long petioles and elliptical or ovate blades (laminae); they may or may not be present when the flowers are produced. The inflorescence is an umbel of 6–30 weakly to strongly zygomorphic flowers, tubular at the base, green, yellow or red in colour. The fruit is a capsule with three locules; the seeds are flattened and winged.
Rhodophiala is a genus of herbaceous, perennial and bulbous plants in the Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae, subfamily Amaryllidoideae). It consists of about 30 South American species distributed in southern Brazil, Argentina, and, specially, in Chile. Their narrow parallel-sided leaves are unlike that of Hippeastrum, more closely resembling that of Habranthus or Zephyranthes.
Proiphys is a genus of herbaceous, perennial and bulbous plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, subfamily Amaryllidoideae. It includes 5 accepted species that are native to Southeast Asia, Papuasia, and Australia.
Chandelier lily is a flowering plant. It contains about 20 species native to southeastern and southern Africa from Tanzania to Cape Province. Chandelier lily are tender bulbs, winter-growing and summer-dormant, generally flowering in early autumn. The plants are often gregarious with flowers that are brilliant scarlet, pink, or red.
OrderAsparagus and allies