Botanical name: Anacardiaceae
Botanical name: Anacardiaceae
Species of Cashew
The schinus (Schinus) are a small group of flowering large shrubs and small trees in the cashew family. Though they are unrelated to the species that produce bell peppers (genus Capsicum) and black peppercorns (genus Piper), schinus are so-named because some members of their genus, most notably the Peruvian Pepper Tree (S. molle) and the Brazilian Pepper Tree (S. terebinthifolia) produce "pink peppercorns" which are used much in the same way black peppercorns are, and have a similar flavor. Both of these species are also popular ornamentals in warm temperate and tropical areas.
Searsia are a large genus of over a hundred species of flowering plants. Several species have ornamental appeal and may be grown variously as coastal hedges, specimen trees, and in containers. The salt tolerance of many searsiameans that they are a good choice for coastal gardens. The ability to shape and sculpt their dense foliage adds to their ornamental appeal.
Dracontomelon is a genus of flowering plants in the family Anacardiaceae, growing mostly in SE Asia and the Pacific islands.
Indigenous to tropical South America, cashews (Anacardium), is a genus of trees that includes the species, Cashew nuts (Anacardium occidentale), that’s famous for its edible seeds. Portuguese traders introduced these trees to India and Africa during the 16th century. As a result, they spread all around southeast Asia and are widely cultivated there now. These trees grow best in red sandy loams, lateritic soils, and coastal sands with slightly acidic pH.
The species are dioecious and grow as shrubs or perennial herbs. They grow naturally in the East Himalaya region and China. The Plant List and Flora of China recognise 2 accepted species.
Drimycarpus is a small genus of trees in the cashew and sumac family Anacardiaceae. Drimycarpus species grow naturally in tropical Asia from India to Borneo. The Plant List and Catalogue of Life recognise about 4 accepted species.
The laurel sumac genus contains only one species, Malosma laurina. Native to Mexico and the southern United States, this fast-growing shrub is usually found in coastal areas. It produces aromatic leaves and is grazed by black-tailed deer. The honeybee is a key pollinator for this drought-sensitive plant.
Pegia species grow as shrubs, sarmentose trees or lianas. They are polygamous, woody climbers. The ovoid or oblong fruits have a red or purple skin with a red mesocarp. Pegia species grow naturally in tropical Asia. The Plant List and Flora of China recognise about 2 accepted species.
The pistacia (Pistacia) are a small group of shrubs and small trees in the cashew family. By far the most noteworthy species within this group is the Pistachio (P. vera), which is widely cultivated for its nutritious and edible seeds ("pistachio nuts"). But other species within the genus have long been used by humans too – several pistacia are used to produce turpentine, while the resin of the Terebinth (P. terebinthus) was used in ancient times as a wine preservative.
Sumacs are often used as ornamental plants; they bloom in the summer and turn a characteristic red in the fall. Today, leaves from sumacs are used as a source of dark ink for textiles, toys, paper, and other products.
The mangifera (genus Mangifera) are a group of tropical broadleaf trees in the cashew family. Many species within this genus are grown for their large, fleshy, and edible fruits – by far the most notable of these species is the Common Mango (M. indica). Cultivated by humans for at least 4,000 years, mangifera are now grown in tropical regions all over the world, but most especially in south Asia.
Hog Plums are evergreen trees that bear a drupe-like fruit that resembles the well-known mango. In fact, they are closely related to the mango and their drupes contain a single seed. Bangkok, Thailand was thought to have been named after the Thai word for this fruit.
Poisonwoods are a tropical genus related to cashews, but you would never want to eat anything picked from them. They thoroughly earn their name "poisonwood", as they are full of urushiol, a powerful contact irritant. Even rainwater dripping off their leaves can cause a reaction, and smoke from the burned wood is especially dangerous, as it can get into the eyes and lungs.
Pachycormus is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the cashew family. The single species is endemic to the Baja California peninsula. Trees are 6 m tall and wide. Leaves are dark green pinnately compound pubescent drought deciduous. Cream flowers with pink centers appear in spring and can bloom into fall depending on moisture levels.
The toxicodendron (Toxicodendron) are a group of herbaceous plants, shrubs, and trees in the sumac family. Many of its species are famous for their skin-irritating properties, which are caused by a compound called urushiol. Some people can have extremely adverse reactions to toxicodendron, and these plants should be judiciously avoided. A few species of toxicodendron have uses, though – the irritating sap of the Laqcuer Tree (T. vernicifluum) has been used in east Asia for centuries to create a high-quality lacquer.
Choerospondias is a genus of plants with two species, belonging to the family Anacardiaceae.
Lannea are flowering trees, shrubs, or shrubby herbs with a woody base. They are native to tropical and South Africa, as well as the Arabian Peninsula. Lannea are characteristic for their star-shaped, wooly inflorescences and young shoots. The flowers are sometimes produced before the leaves and some species contain a milky latex.
Smoketrees are part of the sumac family. These plants are so-named because of their incredibly fluffy, often grey or off-white colored flower heads, which strongly resemble puffs of smoke. Smoketrees are commonly used as ornamentals, especially with the development of cultivars which sport differently-hued flower heads (e.g. pink or purplish).