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Soursop
Soursop
Soursop
Soursop
Soursop
Soursop
Soursop
Annona muricata
Also known as : Guyabano
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Early summer, Early fall
care guide

Care Guide for Soursop

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Soil Care
Soil Care
Sand, Clay, Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Details on Soil Care Soil Care
Ideal Lighting
Ideal Lighting
Full sun, Partial sun
Details on Sunlight Requirements Ideal Lighting
Ideal Temperature
Ideal Temperature
10 to 12
Details on Temperature Ideal Temperature
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Early summer, Early fall
Details on Planting Time Planting Time
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Soursop
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
10 to 12
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Early summer, Early fall
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Questions About Soursop

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Soursop?
Your Soursop will not be too picky about how you choose to water it. As such, you can use just about any common watering tool to moisten this plant’s soil. Watering cans, hoses, and even cups will work just fine when it is time to water your Soursop. Regardless of which watering tool you use, you should typically apply the water directly to the soil. In doing so, you should ensure that you moisten all soil areas equally to give all parts of the root system the water it needs. It can help to use filtered water, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to plants. It is also beneficial to use water that is at or slightly above room temperature, as colder or hotter water can be somewhat shocking to the Soursop. However, the Soursop usually responds well to any kind of water you give it.
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What should I do if I water my Soursop too much or too little?
For outdoor plants, especially newly planted plants or plant seedlings, they can be prone to lack of watering. Remember that you need to keep watering enough for a few months when the tree is small or just planted. This is because once the roots are established, Soursop can rely on rain most of the time. When your Soursop is planted in pots, overwatering is often more likely to.When you accidentally overwater your Soursop, you should be prepared to remedy the situation immediately. First, you should stop watering your plant right away to minimize the effect of your overwatering. After, you should consider removing your Soursop from its pot to inspect its roots. If you find that none of the roots have developed root rot, it may be permissible to return your plant to its container. If you do discover signs of root rot, then you should trim away any roots that have been affected. You may also want to apply a fungicide to prevent further damage. Lastly, you should repot your Soursop in soil that is well-draining. In the case of an underwatered Soursop, simply water this plant more frequently. Underwatering is often an easy fix. If you underwater, the plant's leaves will tend to droop and dry out and fall off, and the leaves will quickly return to fullness after sufficient watering. Please correct your watering frequency as soon as underwatering occurs.
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How often should I water my Soursop?
Most plants that grow naturally outdoors can be allowed to grow normally with rainfall. If your area lacks rainfall, consider giving your plants adequate watering every 2 weeks during the spring and fall. More frequent watering is needed in summer. In winter, when growth becomes slower and plants need less water, water more sparingly. Throughout the winter, you may not give it additional watering at all. If your Soursop is young or newly planted, then you should water more frequently to help it establish, and mature and grow up to have more adaptable and drought tolerant plants. For potted plants, there are two main ways that you can determine how often to water your Soursop. The first way is to set a predetermined watering schedule. If you choose this route, you should plan to water this plant about once every week or once every other week. However, this approach may not always work as it does not consider the unique conditions of the growing environment for your Soursop . Your watering frequency can also change depending on the season. For instance, a predetermined watering schedule will likely not suffice during summer when this plant's water needs are highest. An alternative route is to set your watering frequency based on soil moisture. Typically, it is best to wait until the first two to four inches of soil, usually ⅓ to ½ depth of the pots, have dried out entirely before you give more water.
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How much water does my Soursop need?
When it comes time to water your Soursop, you may be surprised to find that this plant does not always need a high volume of water. Instead, if only a few inches of soil have dried since your last watering, you can support healthy growth in the Soursop by giving it about five to ten ounces of water every time you water. You can also decide your water volume based on soil moisture. As mentioned above, you should note how many inches of soil have dried out between waterings. A surefire way to make sure your Soursop gets the moisture it needs is to supply enough water to moisten all the soil layers that became dry since the last time you watered. If more than half of the soil has become dry, you should consider giving more water than usual. In those cases, continue adding water until you see excess water draining from your pot’s drainage holes. If your Soursop is planted in an area that gets plenty of rain outdoors, it may not need additional watering. When the Soursop is young or just getting established, make sure it gets 1-2 inches of rain per week. As it continues to grow and establish, it can survive entirely on rainwater and only when the weather is hot and there is no rainfall at all for 2-3 weeks, then consider giving your Soursop a full watering to prevent them from suffering stress.
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Soursop enough?
Overwatering is a far more common problem for the Soursop, and there are several signs you should look for when this occurs. Generally, an overwatered Soursop will have yellowing leaves and may even drop some leaves. Also, overwatering can cause the overall structure of your plant to shrivel and may also promote root rot. On the other hand, an underwatered Soursop will also begin to wilt. It may also display leaves that are brown or brittle to the touch. Whether you see signs of overwatering or underwatering, you should be prepared to intervene and restore the health of your Soursop.
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How can I water my Soursop at different growth stages?
When the Soursop is very young, such as when it is in a seedling stage, you will need to give it more water than you would if it were at a mature age. During the early stages of this plant’s life, it is important to keep the soil consistently moist to encourage root development. The same is true for any Soursop that you have transplanted to a new growing location. Also, the Soursop can develop showy flowers and fruits when you give them the correct care. If your Soursop is in a flowering or fruiting phase, you will likely need to give a bit more water than you usually would to support these plant structures.
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How can I water my Soursop through the seasons?
The seasonal changes will affect how often you water your Soursop. Mainly, during the hottest summer months, you will likely need to increase how much you water this plant, especially if it grows in an area that receives ample sunlight. Strong summer sunlight can cause soil to dry out much faster than usual, meaning that you’ll need to water more frequently. By contrast, your Soursop will need much less water during the winter, as it will not be in an active growing phase. During winter, you can get by with watering once every 2 to 3 weeks or sometimes not at all. For those growing this plant indoors, you should be somewhat wary of appliances such as air conditioners, which can cause your plant to dry out more quickly, which also calls for more frequent watering.
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What's the difference between watering my Soursop indoors vs outdoors?
In some cases, your Soursop may not need any supplemental watering when it grows outside and will survive on rainwater alone. However, if you live in an area of little to no rain, you should water this plant about every two weeks. If you belong to the group of people who live out of this plant's natural hardiness zone, you should grow it indoors. In an indoor setting, you should monitor your plant's soil as it can dry out more quickly when it is in a container or when it is exposed to HVAC units such as air conditioners. Those drying factors will lead you to water this plant a bit more often than if you grew it outdoors.
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Key Facts About Soursop

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Attributes of Soursop

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Tree
Planting Time
Spring, Early summer, Early fall
Bloom Time
Summer
Plant Height
9 m
Spread
3 m
Leaf Color
Green
Blue
Flower Size
4 cm
Flower Color
Yellow
Green
Leaf type
Evergreen, Deciduous
Ideal Temperature
20 - 38 ℃

Trivia and Interesting Facts

Scientific Classification of Soursop

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Common Pests & Diseases About Soursop

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Common issues for Soursop based on 10 million real cases
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Black mold
Black mold is a fungal disease impacting numerous plants, including Soursop. It manifests as dark, velvety growths on leaves and fruits, reducing photosynthesis, and marketability of the fruit.
Fruit Spot
Fruit Spot Fruit Spot
Fruit Spot
Pathogenic infections can cause spots (typically black or brown) to appear on the fruit.
Solutions: Prune regularly - prune as a preventative measure as well as to remove any plants and plant parts affected by fruit Spot. Improve air circulation and drainage Fertilize as needed Spray applications - there are few programs that are effective at controlling fruit Spot for home growers, but the local cooperative extension may be able to provide information regarding potential chemical treatments if the disease is severe.
Fruit withering
Fruit withering Fruit withering
Fruit withering
Fungal infection or normal ripening can cause the fruit to dry out.
Solutions: There are a number of appropriate solutions to control fruit withering: Remove any fruit as soon as it shows any signs of infection. Do not compost. Use a fungicide prior to leaf bud and then as per manufacturers instructions throughout the season.
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Solutions: For less serious cases: Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread. To treat more serious infestations: Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
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Black mold
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Black mold Disease on Soursop?
What is Black mold Disease on Soursop?
Black mold is a fungal disease impacting numerous plants, including Soursop. It manifests as dark, velvety growths on leaves and fruits, reducing photosynthesis, and marketability of the fruit.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
On Soursop, black mold primarily appears as dark, sooty, or velvety spots on leaves, stems, and fruits. Severe infections may lead to leaf chlorosis, defoliation, and fruit rot.
What Causes Black mold Disease on Soursop?
What Causes Black mold Disease on Soursop?
1
Fungus
Specific molds, such as those from the genus Aspergillus, lead to black mold disease.
2
High Humidity
Moist environments favor black mold development and spore proliferation.
3
Poor Air Circulation
Stagnant air supports mold growth by maintaining humidity around the plant.
How to Treat Black mold Disease on Soursop?
How to Treat Black mold Disease on Soursop?
1
Non pesticide
Pruning: Remove and dispose of infected parts to reduce spread.

Improved Airflow: Space plants adequately and prune to improve air circulation.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide Application: Use approved fungicides specific to mold, ensuring thorough coverage.
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Fruit Spot
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Fruit Spot
Pathogenic infections can cause spots (typically black or brown) to appear on the fruit.
Overview
Overview
If there are brown or black spots on the unripened fruits of plants, there is a good chance that fruit Spot could be to blame. This is an informal term used to describe several types of diseases that all cause these same symptoms: unattractive spots on fruits and vegetables.
There are a few different culprits behind fruit Spot, including bacterial spot, bacterial speck, and other related diseases (like early blight). Here are some symptoms and potential solutions to consider.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The symptoms of fruit Spot vary depending on which type of plant is affected as well as by which specific pathogen is to blame. Just about every type of plant can be affected by fruit Spot, including tomatoes, pears, plums, onions, strawberries, celery, peaches, and more.
Here are some examples of potential symptoms:
Small Fruit Spot
Small spots are most commonly associated with bacterial speck.
  • Spots may appear on fruits as well as leaves and other aboveground areas of the plant
  • Small black specks appear on infected fruits (spots are less than 1/16” in diameter)
  • Spots are raised with distinct margins, developing into sunken pits as the fruit matures
  • Fruit tissue near the spot stays green longer than the rest of the fruit
  • Spots are dark brown to black in color, with nearby spots often growing together
Large Fruit Spot
Large spots are often seen on plants suffering from bacterial spot, early blight, and related diseases.
  • Spots are large, sometimes larger than 1.3 cm
  • Some spots may look like targets with a brown to greyish coloration
  • Older spots are black and raised with lobed borders
  • Spots are superficial only, not penetrating into the seed cavity
  • Spots may turn into sunken pits, turning into craters as they get older
  • The skin of the fruit can be cracked and produce a water-soaked border
  • Some spots may ooze a gelatinous substance
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
There are a few culprits behind the fruit Spot. These depend on the pathogen as well as the type of plant. Bacterial speck and bacterial spot are both common diseases that can affect tomatoes, ground cherries, and other plants.
Bacterial speck is caused by Pseudomonas syringae. First discovered in the United States in 1933, it is most common in tomatoes and nearby weeds but can affect other kinds of plants and their fruits, too. It is more prevalent in low temperatures (less than 24 ℃) and high moisture.
Bacterial spot is caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. Vesicatoria. First discovered in Texas in 1912, this disease is more common in warm weather and conditions of high moisture.
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Fruit withering
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Fruit withering
Fungal infection or normal ripening can cause the fruit to dry out.
Overview
Overview
Fruit withering is common on many tree fruits, including apples, pears, peaches, cherries, and plums, as well as fruiting shrubs. It is caused by a fungal pathogen and will result in wrinkled and desiccated fruit.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Here are the most common symptoms in the order that they are likely to occur.
  1. Both leaves and blossom on the tips of branches will go brown and wither.
  2. Gray powdery patches will appear on infected leaves and flowers, and this will be most apparent after rain.
  3. Any fruit that does appear will turn wrinkled and fail to develop.
  4. Branch tips begin to die, progressing back to larger branches, causing general deterioration of the tree or plant.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The withering is caused by one of two fungal pathogens, one called Monilina laxa and the other called M. fructigen. The spores overwinter on infected plant material and are then spread the following spring by wind, rain, or animal vectors. The problem will start to become noticeable in mid-spring, but will increase in severity as summer progresses and the fungus grows. If not addressed, the disease will intensify and spread to other plants in the vicinity.
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Leaf beetles
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Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Overview
Overview
Leaf beetles range in size from 1.5 mm to 2 cm. Both adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of many different types of plants. There are over 35,000 different species of leaf beetles, in a variety of colors including gold, green, yellow-striped, and red striped. Some of these have been mistaken for ladybirds because of their shape and coloring. They can be oval, round, or elongated in shape. These insect pests are most active in spring and summer.
If not controlled, leaf beetles can do a lot of damage to vegetable crops and ornamental plants. They feed on the leaves, flowers, stems, roots, and fruits of different plants. They can fly, which means it's easy for them to move from one plant to another. Some species of leaf beetles only target one specific crop, while others will target many different types of plants. Although a lot of the damage that they cause is cosmetic, an infestation can weaken a plant and leave it prone to other more problematic diseases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The first signs of a leaf beetles infestation are small visible holes in leaves. Leaves then become discolored and dark beetle droppings can be seen. As the leaves turn yellow and brown, they will drop off the plant onto the ground. Some leaves will appear skeletonized with only the veins still remaining.
Infestation begins in spring, when the adult beetles emerge from the soil and lay their eggs on the leaves of plants. When these eggs hatch, the young nymphs start munching on the leaves as they grow up. Once leaf beetles are large and mature, they'll fall to the ground and pupate in the soil over winter before starting the cycle all over again.
Leaf beetles also eat holes in fruits and vegetables. These can be seen as small round holes that sometimes have a larger brown area surrounding them.
Solutions
Solutions
For less serious cases:
  1. Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread.
To treat more serious infestations:
  1. Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions.
  2. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
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distribution

Distribution of Soursop

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Habitat of Soursop

On coastal limestone and lowland woodland.
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Soursop

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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More Info on Soursop Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Lighting
Full sun
Soursop thrives in conditions where the sun's rays are unmitigated, yet can also withstand moderately illuminated conditions. Originating from a habitat with plentiful sunlight, its robust growth is highly dependent on exposure to sun rays. Insufficient light can stunt its growth while too much can cause damage to the leaves.
Best Sunlight Practices
Transplant
15-20 feet
The commencement of warmer days in the dawn of spring is perfect for relocating soursop. Choose a sunny spot with well-draining soil. If moving an established plant, prune cautiously to balance root loss and ease transition.
Transplant Techniques
Temperature
5 - 43 ℃
Soursop is native to areas with a consistent temperature range of 68 to 100.4 °F (20 to 38 ℃). This plant thrives best under this specific thermal range. Seasonal temperature adjustments may be required to accommodate the plant's preferences.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Pruning
Spring
A tropical fruit bearer known for its spiky green fruit and medicinal properties, soursop requires careful pruning. Optimal pruning involves thinning out overcrowded branches to improve light penetration and air circulation. Remove dead or diseased limbs to maintain plant health. The best time for pruning is spring, to prepare soursop for the growing season. Pruning soursop boosts fruit production and enhances tree structure, promoting overall vigor and longevity.
Pruning techniques
Propagation
Spring,Winter
Soursop is a tropical fruit tree known for its distinctive, spiky green fruit with a tart flavor. Propagation of soursop is commonly achieved through grafting, wherein a scion of soursop is joined with a rootstock of a compatible species. This method is preferred to ensure the propagation of desirable traits and to produce trees that are true to the parent variety. Grafting also typically results in more vigorous growth and earlier fruiting when compared to seed-grown plants. For successful grafting, it is crucial to maintain a clean, sharp cut and ensure a snug fit between the scion and rootstock for optimal vascular connection.
Propagation Techniques
Overwinter
5 - 43 ℃
Soursop thrives in tropical climates, where mild winters are customary. It naturally dodges frosting conditions, thus does not have innate winterization abilities. For gardeners, over-winter care should concentrate on providing warmth, either by relocating the plant indoors or using protective covers. Soil should be kept moderately moist, and natural light provision is crucial. Interaction with other cold-resistant species is not advised as soursop is sensitive to lower temperatures.
Winter Techniques
Black mold
Black mold is a fungal disease impacting numerous plants, including Soursop. It manifests as dark, velvety growths on leaves and fruits, reducing photosynthesis, and marketability of the fruit.
Read More
Leaf drop
Leaf drop is a widespread botanical disease mainly caused by environmental factors and certain pathogens, severely impacting Soursop's health and productivity. It primarily manifests as abrupt foliage shedding, weakening the plant over time.
Read More
Branch withering
Branch withering in Soursop is a disease that causes deterioration and eventual die-off of limbs. This malady hampers fruit production and overall health, potentially leading to plant death if left unmanaged.
Read More
Dark spots
Dark spots on Soursop leaves and fruits are symptomatic of a disease impacting the plant's health and yield, potentially caused by fungal pathogens or environmental stress. Effective management is crucial for crop preservation.
Read More
Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing disease impacts the photosynthesis and overall health of Soursop, leading to decreased fruit production and potentially plant death.
Read More
Scale insect
Scale insects are pests affecting Soursop by sucking sap, leading to reduced growth, leaf yellowing, and potentially plant death if untreated. Management involves both chemical and non-chemical methods.
Read More
Leaf blotch
Leaf blotch is a fungal disease affecting Soursop, characterized by irregular spots on leaves, which may lead to reduced photosynthesis, poorer fruit quality, and yield loss.
Read More
Spots
Spots disease, caused primarily by fungal pathogens, notably affects Soursop by yielding greyish-black mottled spots on the leaves, diminishing the plant's overall health and productivity. Without treatment, it can lead to defoliation and subsequent death of the plant.
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Scars
Scars is a physiological disorder that affects Soursop, leading to significant yield loss. Caused by unfavorable weather conditions during fruit formation, the disease results in scarring and deformation of the fruits, reducing their market value and hampering growth.
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Whole leaf withering
Whole leaf withering is a disease that leads to the progressive drying and ultimate death of Soursop foliage, which can severely impact the plant's health and fruit production.
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Leaf malformation
Leaf malformation in Soursop is characterized by abnormal growth and distortion of leaves, often hindering photosynthesis and plant development. It can lead to reduced fruit quality and yield.
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Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering is a plant disease that primarily affects Soursop. The disease, marked by drying and falling of leaf tips, significantly reduces the plant's vitality and productivity, disrupting the plant's physiological functions.
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Yellow edges
Yellow edges is a plant disease affecting Soursop, causing the edges of leaves to turn yellow, weakening the plant over time. It's caused mainly by nutrient deficiencies, and improper watering practices, but can lead to plant death if untreated.
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Mealybug
Mealybug disease, caused by parasitic insects, severely affects 'Soursop' by stunting growth and causing leaf yellowing. Without timely intervention, the disease can lead to significant crop loss.
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Dark blotch
Dark blotch is a fungal disease posing a significant threat to Soursop. The infection leads to sunken, black spots on the plant, severely damaging leaves, fruits, and stems. If not treated promptly, the disease can decimate the entire plant population.
Read More
Non-base branch withering
Non-base branch withering is a disease affecting Soursop, causing premature withering of branches away from the plant's base. This results in productivity loss, compromised fruit quality, and potential tree death.
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Feng shui direction
North
The soursop plant holds potential in enhancing Feng Shui of spaces. Adding this plant in a room facing North might subtly amplify its vibrancy, since North is traditionally linked with Water element, complementing its invigorating properties. Feng Shui effects can vary greatly based on individual perceptions though; this is but a harmless proposition that harmonizes with well-established Feng Shui principles.
Fengshui Details
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Hoop Pine
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Garden stonecrop
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Star jasmine
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Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
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Soursop
Soursop
Soursop
Soursop
Soursop
Soursop
Soursop
Annona muricata
Also known as: Guyabano
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Early summer, Early fall
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Care Guide for Soursop

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Questions About Soursop

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Soursop?
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What should I do if I water my Soursop too much or too little?
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How often should I water my Soursop?
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How much water does my Soursop need?
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How can I water my Soursop at different growth stages?
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How can I water my Soursop through the seasons?
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Key Facts About Soursop

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Attributes of Soursop

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Tree
Planting Time
Spring, Early summer, Early fall
Bloom Time
Summer
Plant Height
9 m
Spread
3 m
Leaf Color
Green
Blue
Flower Size
4 cm
Flower Color
Yellow
Green
Leaf type
Evergreen, Deciduous
Ideal Temperature
20 - 38 ℃
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Trivia and Interesting Facts

Scientific Classification of Soursop

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Common Pests & Diseases About Soursop

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Common issues for Soursop based on 10 million real cases
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Black mold
Black mold is a fungal disease impacting numerous plants, including Soursop. It manifests as dark, velvety growths on leaves and fruits, reducing photosynthesis, and marketability of the fruit.
Learn More About the Black mold more
Fruit Spot
Fruit Spot Fruit Spot Fruit Spot
Pathogenic infections can cause spots (typically black or brown) to appear on the fruit.
Solutions: Prune regularly - prune as a preventative measure as well as to remove any plants and plant parts affected by fruit Spot. Improve air circulation and drainage Fertilize as needed Spray applications - there are few programs that are effective at controlling fruit Spot for home growers, but the local cooperative extension may be able to provide information regarding potential chemical treatments if the disease is severe.
Learn More About the Fruit Spot more
Fruit withering
Fruit withering Fruit withering Fruit withering
Fungal infection or normal ripening can cause the fruit to dry out.
Solutions: There are a number of appropriate solutions to control fruit withering: Remove any fruit as soon as it shows any signs of infection. Do not compost. Use a fungicide prior to leaf bud and then as per manufacturers instructions throughout the season.
Learn More About the Fruit withering more
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles Leaf beetles Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Solutions: For less serious cases: Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread. To treat more serious infestations: Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Learn More About the Leaf beetles more
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Black mold
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Black mold Disease on Soursop?
What is Black mold Disease on Soursop?
Black mold is a fungal disease impacting numerous plants, including Soursop. It manifests as dark, velvety growths on leaves and fruits, reducing photosynthesis, and marketability of the fruit.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
On Soursop, black mold primarily appears as dark, sooty, or velvety spots on leaves, stems, and fruits. Severe infections may lead to leaf chlorosis, defoliation, and fruit rot.
What Causes Black mold Disease on Soursop?
What Causes Black mold Disease on Soursop?
1
Fungus
Specific molds, such as those from the genus Aspergillus, lead to black mold disease.
2
High Humidity
Moist environments favor black mold development and spore proliferation.
3
Poor Air Circulation
Stagnant air supports mold growth by maintaining humidity around the plant.
How to Treat Black mold Disease on Soursop?
How to Treat Black mold Disease on Soursop?
1
Non pesticide
Pruning: Remove and dispose of infected parts to reduce spread.

Improved Airflow: Space plants adequately and prune to improve air circulation.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide Application: Use approved fungicides specific to mold, ensuring thorough coverage.
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Fruit Spot
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Fruit Spot
Pathogenic infections can cause spots (typically black or brown) to appear on the fruit.
Overview
Overview
If there are brown or black spots on the unripened fruits of plants, there is a good chance that fruit Spot could be to blame. This is an informal term used to describe several types of diseases that all cause these same symptoms: unattractive spots on fruits and vegetables.
There are a few different culprits behind fruit Spot, including bacterial spot, bacterial speck, and other related diseases (like early blight). Here are some symptoms and potential solutions to consider.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The symptoms of fruit Spot vary depending on which type of plant is affected as well as by which specific pathogen is to blame. Just about every type of plant can be affected by fruit Spot, including tomatoes, pears, plums, onions, strawberries, celery, peaches, and more.
Here are some examples of potential symptoms:
Small Fruit Spot
Small spots are most commonly associated with bacterial speck.
  • Spots may appear on fruits as well as leaves and other aboveground areas of the plant
  • Small black specks appear on infected fruits (spots are less than 1/16” in diameter)
  • Spots are raised with distinct margins, developing into sunken pits as the fruit matures
  • Fruit tissue near the spot stays green longer than the rest of the fruit
  • Spots are dark brown to black in color, with nearby spots often growing together
Large Fruit Spot
Large spots are often seen on plants suffering from bacterial spot, early blight, and related diseases.
  • Spots are large, sometimes larger than 1.3 cm
  • Some spots may look like targets with a brown to greyish coloration
  • Older spots are black and raised with lobed borders
  • Spots are superficial only, not penetrating into the seed cavity
  • Spots may turn into sunken pits, turning into craters as they get older
  • The skin of the fruit can be cracked and produce a water-soaked border
  • Some spots may ooze a gelatinous substance
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
There are a few culprits behind the fruit Spot. These depend on the pathogen as well as the type of plant. Bacterial speck and bacterial spot are both common diseases that can affect tomatoes, ground cherries, and other plants.
Bacterial speck is caused by Pseudomonas syringae. First discovered in the United States in 1933, it is most common in tomatoes and nearby weeds but can affect other kinds of plants and their fruits, too. It is more prevalent in low temperatures (less than 24 ℃) and high moisture.
Bacterial spot is caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. Vesicatoria. First discovered in Texas in 1912, this disease is more common in warm weather and conditions of high moisture.
Solutions
Solutions
  • Prune regularly - prune as a preventative measure as well as to remove any plants and plant parts affected by fruit Spot.
  • Improve air circulation and drainage
  • Fertilize as needed
  • Spray applications - there are few programs that are effective at controlling fruit Spot for home growers, but the local cooperative extension may be able to provide information regarding potential chemical treatments if the disease is severe.
Prevention
Prevention
There are several ways to prevent both types of fruit Spot from affecting yields and harvests:
  • Rotate crops - do not plant the same kind of plant in the same spot each year, instead switching out locations every two to three years
  • Use disease-free seeds and transplants - using a hot water treatment to sterilize seeds before planting can also be effective
  • Irrigate early in the day to give plants time to dry off before nightfall
  • Avoid working around plants when they are wet
  • Control weeds
  • Remove debris or plow it under at the end of the growing season
  • Fertilize with higher amounts of nitrogen and use less calcium
  • Plant resistant cultivars when available
  • Do not clip plants when transplanting
  • Dispose of affected plant parts immediately (do not compost)
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Fruit withering
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Fruit withering
Fungal infection or normal ripening can cause the fruit to dry out.
Overview
Overview
Fruit withering is common on many tree fruits, including apples, pears, peaches, cherries, and plums, as well as fruiting shrubs. It is caused by a fungal pathogen and will result in wrinkled and desiccated fruit.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Here are the most common symptoms in the order that they are likely to occur.
  1. Both leaves and blossom on the tips of branches will go brown and wither.
  2. Gray powdery patches will appear on infected leaves and flowers, and this will be most apparent after rain.
  3. Any fruit that does appear will turn wrinkled and fail to develop.
  4. Branch tips begin to die, progressing back to larger branches, causing general deterioration of the tree or plant.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The withering is caused by one of two fungal pathogens, one called Monilina laxa and the other called M. fructigen. The spores overwinter on infected plant material and are then spread the following spring by wind, rain, or animal vectors. The problem will start to become noticeable in mid-spring, but will increase in severity as summer progresses and the fungus grows. If not addressed, the disease will intensify and spread to other plants in the vicinity.
Solutions
Solutions
There are a number of appropriate solutions to control fruit withering:
  1. Remove any fruit as soon as it shows any signs of infection. Do not compost.
  2. Use a fungicide prior to leaf bud and then as per manufacturers instructions throughout the season.
Prevention
Prevention
Preventative measures include:
  1. Ensuring adequate spacing between plants or trees.
  2. Staking plants that are prone to tumbling to prevent moisture or humidity build up.
  3. Prune correctly so that there is adequate air movement and remove any dead or diseased branches that may carry spores.
  4. Practice good plant hygiene by removing fallen material and destroying it as soon as possible.
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Leaf beetles
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Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Overview
Overview
Leaf beetles range in size from 1.5 mm to 2 cm. Both adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of many different types of plants. There are over 35,000 different species of leaf beetles, in a variety of colors including gold, green, yellow-striped, and red striped. Some of these have been mistaken for ladybirds because of their shape and coloring. They can be oval, round, or elongated in shape. These insect pests are most active in spring and summer.
If not controlled, leaf beetles can do a lot of damage to vegetable crops and ornamental plants. They feed on the leaves, flowers, stems, roots, and fruits of different plants. They can fly, which means it's easy for them to move from one plant to another. Some species of leaf beetles only target one specific crop, while others will target many different types of plants. Although a lot of the damage that they cause is cosmetic, an infestation can weaken a plant and leave it prone to other more problematic diseases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The first signs of a leaf beetles infestation are small visible holes in leaves. Leaves then become discolored and dark beetle droppings can be seen. As the leaves turn yellow and brown, they will drop off the plant onto the ground. Some leaves will appear skeletonized with only the veins still remaining.
Infestation begins in spring, when the adult beetles emerge from the soil and lay their eggs on the leaves of plants. When these eggs hatch, the young nymphs start munching on the leaves as they grow up. Once leaf beetles are large and mature, they'll fall to the ground and pupate in the soil over winter before starting the cycle all over again.
Leaf beetles also eat holes in fruits and vegetables. These can be seen as small round holes that sometimes have a larger brown area surrounding them.
Solutions
Solutions
For less serious cases:
  1. Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread.
To treat more serious infestations:
  1. Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions.
  2. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Prevention
Prevention
To prevent infestations of leaf beetles, follow these practices.
  1. Regularly check for beetles. To prevent large pest infestations, be proactive about frequently checking plants for pests and removing them quickly.
  2. Clear debris. Clear weeds and debris to remove areas where these beetles may overwinter and hide.
  3. Attract natural predators. Birds and other insects, such as wasps and ladybugs, are effective natural predators of leaf beetles. Encourage them to visit by including a diverse array of plants to provide habitat and food. Also, avoid applying broad-spectrum herbicides that can harm and kill beneficial insects.
  4. Plant aromatic herbs like mint, garlic, or rosemary, as these can repel leaf beetles.
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distribution

Distribution of Soursop

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Habitat of Soursop

On coastal limestone and lowland woodland.
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Soursop

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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More Info on Soursop Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Black mold
Black mold is a fungal disease impacting numerous plants, including Soursop. It manifests as dark, velvety growths on leaves and fruits, reducing photosynthesis, and marketability of the fruit.
 detail
Leaf drop
Leaf drop is a widespread botanical disease mainly caused by environmental factors and certain pathogens, severely impacting Soursop's health and productivity. It primarily manifests as abrupt foliage shedding, weakening the plant over time.
 detail
Branch withering
Branch withering in Soursop is a disease that causes deterioration and eventual die-off of limbs. This malady hampers fruit production and overall health, potentially leading to plant death if left unmanaged.
 detail
Dark spots
Dark spots on Soursop leaves and fruits are symptomatic of a disease impacting the plant's health and yield, potentially caused by fungal pathogens or environmental stress. Effective management is crucial for crop preservation.
 detail
Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing disease impacts the photosynthesis and overall health of Soursop, leading to decreased fruit production and potentially plant death.
 detail
Scale insect
Scale insects are pests affecting Soursop by sucking sap, leading to reduced growth, leaf yellowing, and potentially plant death if untreated. Management involves both chemical and non-chemical methods.
 detail
Leaf blotch
Leaf blotch is a fungal disease affecting Soursop, characterized by irregular spots on leaves, which may lead to reduced photosynthesis, poorer fruit quality, and yield loss.
 detail
Spots
Spots disease, caused primarily by fungal pathogens, notably affects Soursop by yielding greyish-black mottled spots on the leaves, diminishing the plant's overall health and productivity. Without treatment, it can lead to defoliation and subsequent death of the plant.
 detail
Scars
Scars is a physiological disorder that affects Soursop, leading to significant yield loss. Caused by unfavorable weather conditions during fruit formation, the disease results in scarring and deformation of the fruits, reducing their market value and hampering growth.
 detail
Whole leaf withering
Whole leaf withering is a disease that leads to the progressive drying and ultimate death of Soursop foliage, which can severely impact the plant's health and fruit production.
 detail
Leaf malformation
Leaf malformation in Soursop is characterized by abnormal growth and distortion of leaves, often hindering photosynthesis and plant development. It can lead to reduced fruit quality and yield.
 detail
Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering is a plant disease that primarily affects Soursop. The disease, marked by drying and falling of leaf tips, significantly reduces the plant's vitality and productivity, disrupting the plant's physiological functions.
 detail
Yellow edges
Yellow edges is a plant disease affecting Soursop, causing the edges of leaves to turn yellow, weakening the plant over time. It's caused mainly by nutrient deficiencies, and improper watering practices, but can lead to plant death if untreated.
 detail
Mealybug
Mealybug disease, caused by parasitic insects, severely affects 'Soursop' by stunting growth and causing leaf yellowing. Without timely intervention, the disease can lead to significant crop loss.
 detail
Dark blotch
Dark blotch is a fungal disease posing a significant threat to Soursop. The infection leads to sunken, black spots on the plant, severely damaging leaves, fruits, and stems. If not treated promptly, the disease can decimate the entire plant population.
 detail
Non-base branch withering
Non-base branch withering is a disease affecting Soursop, causing premature withering of branches away from the plant's base. This results in productivity loss, compromised fruit quality, and potential tree death.
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Lighting
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Outdoor
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Soursop thrives in conditions where the sun's rays are unmitigated, yet can also withstand moderately illuminated conditions. Originating from a habitat with plentiful sunlight, its robust growth is highly dependent on exposure to sun rays. Insufficient light can stunt its growth while too much can cause damage to the leaves.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Soursop thrives in full sunlight and is commonly cultivated outdoors. When grown indoors with limited light, it may exhibit subtle symptoms of light deficiency that can easily go unnoticed.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your Soursop may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Soursop enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Soursop thrives in full sun exposure and can tolerate intense sunlight. With their remarkable resilience, symptoms of sunburn may not be easily visible, as they rarely suffer from it.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Outdoor
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Soursop is native to areas with a consistent temperature range of 68 to 100.4 °F (20 to 38 ℃). This plant thrives best under this specific thermal range. Seasonal temperature adjustments may be required to accommodate the plant's preferences.
Regional wintering strategies
Soursop prefers relatively warm temperatures, so maintaining temperatures above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min} during winter cultivation is beneficial for plant growth. The minimum temperature should be kept above freezing point to prevent the plant from freezing damage. When the outdoor temperature approaches -5°C (25°F) during winter, it is advisable to bring Soursop indoors or provide protection by setting up a temporary greenhouse or using materials such as plastic film or fabric to wrap the plant.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in Soursop
Soursop has moderate tolerance to low temperatures and thrives best when the temperature is between {Suitable_growth_temperature_min} and {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, the leaves may darken in color. In severe cases, water-soaked necrosis, wilting, and drooping may occur, and the color of the leaves gradually turns brown.
Solutions
Trim away the frost-damaged parts. Immediately move indoors to a warm environment or set up a makeshift greenhouse for cold protection. When placing the plant indoors, choose a location near a south-facing window to ensure ample sunlight. If there is insufficient light, you can use supplemental lighting.
Symptoms of High Temperature in Soursop
During summer, Soursop should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the plant's growth slows down, the color of its leaves becomes lighter, and it becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the afternoon sun. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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