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Columbine

Botanical name: Aquilegia

Columbine
Botanical name: Aquilegia
Columbine (Aquilegia)

Description

Columbine are prized perennials used to add color, texture, and height to any garden. Blooming for weeks, these plants are available in a wide range of colors and sizes, so you can mix and match or choose to dedicate your garden to one variety. A favorite of butterflies and hummingbirds, the bell-shaped flowers provide the perfect opening for these important pollinators. Columbine are the official state flower of Colorado.

Species of Columbine

Caucasian columbine

Caucasian columbine

The Caucasian Columbine is a perennial, herbaceous plant that reaches heights of growth from 30 to 50, rarely to 80 centimeters. The flowers are bicolored. The bracts are 20 to 45 × 13 to 20 millimeters in size and blue to purple. The plate is 14 to 20 millimeters long and whitish. The spur measures 15 to 20 × 5 to 9 millimeters in diameter at the bottom and is blue to purple.
Common columbine 'Green Apples'

Common columbine 'Green Apples'

Common columbine 'Green Apples' is a Common columbine cultivar characterized by its unique coloring. The cultivar's double, spurless, pure white flowers emerge apple green buds, giving this plant its name. The green buds become white as they mature, but some flowers keep the greenish hue.
Columbines 'Sunshine'

Columbines 'Sunshine'

A cultivar bred from Aquilegia caerulea, columbines 'Sunshine' is distinguished by its fully double, yellow flowers adorned with long spurs. The cultivar was probably named after its bright color that reminds of sunshine. This cultivar is particularly prized for its ability to continue blooming when most other columbines are finished with flowering.
Common columbine 'Clementine Rose'

Common columbine 'Clementine Rose'

Common columbine 'Clementine Rose' is a common columbine named after its beautiful blushing pink flowers, which are quite distinct from the blue and purple colored flowers of its parent plant. This cultivar has double flowers with an unusually large number of petals so that it resembles a clematis.
Columbines 'McKana Hybrid'

Columbines 'McKana Hybrid'

Columbines 'McKana Hybrid' is a particularly tall columbine cultivar also known as "Granny’s Bonnet" that produces bi-colored flowers in a variety of shades. It is easy to grow and will thrive in rich, fertile soil that is well-drained. Columbines 'McKana Hybrid' does well in both full sun and partial shade. Loved by pollinators and avoided by rabbits and deer, this plant will self-seed when left alone and can cover large areas in colorful drifts.
Columbines 'BlueBird'

Columbines 'BlueBird'

A part of the Songbird Aquilegia series, the columbines 'BlueBird' is known to have large upward-facing blossoms that are lighter in their blue color. It is named after a bird of similar color. The columbines 'BlueBird' is easy to grow and is great as a cut flower. Gardeners can plant these cultivars in beds, borders, and containers.
Columbines 'Cardinal'

Columbines 'Cardinal'

Columbines 'Cardinal' is a member of the Songbird hybrids, which are noted for their upward-facing red and white flowers, as opposed to downward-facing like most columbines, and compact form. Its name is a nod to the color of its flowers, similar to that of a cardinal, that contrast with its gray-green foliage.
Common columbine 'Clementine Blue'

Common columbine 'Clementine Blue'

Common columbine 'Clementine Blue' is a Columbine cultivar with beautiful clematis-like, double flowers that come in a rich purple-blue color, hence the cultivar name. Unlike its parent plant, the flowers are spurless and held upright (they're not nodding).
Common columbine 'Nora Barlow'

Common columbine 'Nora Barlow'

Though the parent plant, the common columbine, sports purple bell-shaped blooms, common columbine 'Nora Barlow' provides a striking contrast in its profusion of pink flowers tinted with white edges. It's a variety of Aquilegia vulgaris belonging to the Barlow series (hence the cultivar name), and has an upright, clumping growing tendency.
Common columbine 'Ruby Port'

Common columbine 'Ruby Port'

Common columbine 'Ruby Port''s fern-like leaves, maroon-red double flowers, and prolific growth give this cultivar its distinctiveness. An heirloom columbine variety, common columbine 'Ruby Port' was aptly named after its ruby-red blooms. This columbine is popular for its showy flowers, abundant growth habit, and appeal to hummingbirds and butterflies.
Common columbine 'Clementine Salmon Rose'

Common columbine 'Clementine Salmon Rose'

Common columbine 'Clementine Salmon Rose' is a perennial hybrid of clementine that creates a unique shade of salmon-pink blooms with yellow centers in late spring. The name comes from their similarity to clematis flowers. Gardeners often use this plant to add a pop of color to their yard and to attract hummingbirds.
Oriental columbine

Oriental columbine

The stem is about 30 to 70 cm in height. The rooted leaves are bunched, with 3 double emergence twice, the petiole length is 15 to 25 cm, and the leaves on the top of the stem are 3 double emergence once. The leaflet is fan-shaped, the tip of the leaf splits 2-3, and the fragments split 2-3 further. The flower blooms downward, the flower diameter is 3 to 3.5 cm, the number of sepals is five, narrow egg-shaped, the number of petals is five, and the length is 1.2 to 2.5 cm. The base of the petal extends long behind and becomes a distance, and wraps inside. The petals are yellow, and the color of the sepals and the distance is blue-purple-brown. The fruit becomes a sac and the glandular hair grows densely.
Fan columbine

Fan columbine

Fan columbine is a dwarf species of columbine that is a popular ornamental species grown for its elegant purple flowers. This award-winning plant makes the best impact when placed in the front of borders because of its short stature. The flowers, rich in pollen and nectar, are extremely popular with bees.
Siberian columbine

Siberian columbine

The siberian columbine also known as Siberian columbine, is an ornamental flower from Siberia and the northern regions of Mongolia and China. This plant does well at moderate elevations with shady conditions. They will bloom a beautiful purple flower if given the right garden care.
Dark columbine

Dark columbine

Dark columbine is a long-living Alpine species. This ornamental flowering plant attracts many pollinators and birds. Though beautiful, this plant contains toxic seeds and roots that contain cardiogenic toxins. Its Latin name (Aquilegia atrata) is named after Aguilegia, which is Latin for "eagle," referencing its petals that resemble eagle claws.
Siberian columbine

Siberian columbine

Siberian columbine is a showy herbaceous perennial popularly used for borders and beds in cottage and pollinator gardens, as it is attractive to bees. Interestingly this plant is also called ‘Siberian Granny’s Bonnet’—named for its native area, Siberia, and its flowers’ appearance of an older lady’s bonnet.
Sierra columbine

Sierra columbine

Sierra columbine (Aquilegia pubescens) is a species of wildflower that is endemic to the higher altitudes of California in the Western United States. As opposed to traditional columbine, this species has creamy white, erect flowers.
Golden columbine

Golden columbine

This vigorous and hardy perennial is a delightful addition to the shade garden with its large, yellow blooms. Golden columbine self-seeds prolifically and is easy to grow. For best results, keep the soil moist but not soggy and dead-head old blooms.
Alpine columbine

Alpine columbine

Alpine columbine is attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds. The name Alpine columbine is derived from its natural habitat of alpine regions and spurred flowers. Alpine columbine is a late-spring/early summer flowering perennial that is clump-forming and often used as a bedding plant in cultivated gardens.
Common columbine

Common columbine

The common columbine is a tall, flowering plant, typically with a long stem and light purple flowers. The Latin specific name for the plant, "vulgaris," means "common," and it comes from the fact that the plants spread easily and grow in many places around Europe. Ancient Romans considered the common columbine to be sacred for the goddess, Venus.
Colorado blue columbine

Colorado blue columbine

Colorado blue columbine (Aquilegia coerulea) is a plant species discovered on Pike's Peak in 1820. The colorado blue columbine is the state flower of Colorado. The species can grow in a pale blue color, which gives it its latin name, coerulea. Hummingbirds, butterflies, and bees are attracted to the colorado blue columbine.
Common columbine 'Nora Barlow'

Common columbine 'Nora Barlow'

Common columbine 'Nora Barlow' is a Columbine (Aquilegia vulgaris) cultivar created to have fully-doubled, spurless pink flowers, instead of the tubular, purple blooms of the parent plant. This historical cultivar was named after Nora Barlow, a British botanist and Charles Darwin's granddaughter.
Aquilegia buergeriana

Aquilegia buergeriana

In the basement there are strong rhizomes and thick long roots. The root leaves are 3 double leaves twice, and the petiole is 15 to 25 cm long. The first leaflet of each leaflet is as long as 3.5 to 6 cm, and the second leaflet is as short as 1.5 cm or less. Each leaflet has a fan shape of 2.5 to 3.5 cm in length, the tip of the leaf splits 2-3, and each fragment splits 2-3 more. The leaf surface is green, the back is powdery white, and soft hairs are scattered near the base of the back. The stem is 30 to 70 cm in height, and soft hair grows in the upper part. A flower with a diameter of 3 to 3.5 cm is placed downward on the top of the stem. Five sepals are petal-like, narrow egg-shaped and purple-brown. Five petals live on the inside of the sepals and are yellow with a length of 1.2 to 2.5 cm, but the base extends far behind and becomes a distance. The distance becomes purple-brown, slightly bowed inside, the tip gradually becomes thinner, and the tip becomes a small sphere. The fruits stand upright and become five sachets of 1.5 to 2 cm in length, with short glandular hairs. There are many shiny black seeds in the bag.
Common columbine 'Black Barlow'

Common columbine 'Black Barlow'

Common columbine 'Black Barlow' is a Columbine (Aquilegia vulgaris) cultivar that has been selected for its fully-double, dark-purple flowers that don't feature spurs like its parent plant. The cultivar belongs to the 'Barlow series,' named after Charles Darwin's granddaughter and botanist Nora Barlow. The epithet "black" refers to the distinctive dark-purple, almost black coloration of the flowers.
Common columbine 'White Barlow'

Common columbine 'White Barlow'

Common columbine 'White Barlow' is a Common columbine cultivar of the Barlow series. This cultivar is characterized by its double white flowers tinged with green and yellow. Unlike many columbine species, varieties, and cultivars, common columbine 'White Barlow' doesn't have spurs.
Columbines 'Hensol Harebell'

Columbines 'Hensol Harebell'

Columbines 'Hensol Harebell' is a relatively tall handbell that grows up to 90 centimeters, much taller than the parent’s maximum height of 50 centimeters. This popular garden performer has attractive purple flowers in a pronounced, open bell-shaped configuration. This columbine is named after Hensol Castle, a gothic mansion with landscaped gardens in South Wales, UK.
Common columbine 'Blue Barlow'

Common columbine 'Blue Barlow'

With unique drooping flower heads, the common columbine 'Blue Barlow' offers spurless flowers. The parentage of the common columbine 'Blue Barlow' has not been disclosed. Its blooms are violet-blue, perhaps leading to its name, the 'Blue Barlow'. Easily grown in beds, borders, or naturalized areas, the common columbine 'Blue Barlow' will self-seed. It is also of interest for gardeners looking to attract hummingbirds and butterflies, without attracting rabbits or deer.
European crowfoot

European crowfoot

Aquilegia nigricans, the Bulgarian columbine, is a species of columbine that is found in the mountainous regions of Austria, the Balkans, Greece, Italy and Ukraine. It is a perennial flower found in meadows, woodlands and at high altitudes. It prefers sun or partial shade, and moist, well-drained soils.
Common columbine 'Winky Double Red'

Common columbine 'Winky Double Red'

Common columbine 'Winky Double Red' is distinct for its two-tone double flowers with deep red centers and white edges. A cultivar of Aquilegia vulgaris, its name indicates that it is a red version of the Winky series of columbine cultivars. This plant is prized for its beautiful and abundant flowers as well as its compact size.
Columbines 'Dove'

Columbines 'Dove'

Columbines 'Dove' is a white-flowered columbine with gray-green foliage. It is a cultivar of the Songbird Series of the Aqueligia genus, which are renowned for being compact and boasting upward-facing flowers. Columbines 'Dove' is named for its white petals, as many doves are white. Gardeners love that this cultivar is attractive to butterflies and birds and is resistant to deer.
Columbines 'Crimson Star'

Columbines 'Crimson Star'

Where most Rocky Mountain Columbines have blue and lilac flowers, columbines 'Crimson Star' has bright flowers with pink centers surrounded by crimson star-shaped outer petals. This outstanding plant is a popular garden fixture for these showy late-spring early-summer flowers and has received the Royal Horticultural Society's prestigious Award of Garden Merit.
Red columbine

Red columbine

Red columbine (Aquilegia canadensis) is a species of flowering plant related to the buttercup. Aquilegia canadensisis also called the wild columbine or red columbine and grows throughout woods and rocky mountain regions of eastern North America. Red columbine are considered easy to grow in well-drained average soils. The flowers attract hummingbirds and are often planted in cottage gardens and hummingbird gardens.
Crimson Columbine

Crimson Columbine

Crimson Columbine is a flashy perennial with brightly colored blooms dangling from gracefully arching stems. These flowers are well-loved by hummingbirds and pollinators. They are easy to grow in full sun to part shade and well-draining soil.
Pyrenean columbine

Pyrenean columbine

Pyrenean columbine is a wildflower that was named after the Swiss botanist Augustin Pyramus de Candolle, who first described the plant in 1805. Pyrenean columbine is a serious attraction to pollinators, as the plant contains a large amount of nectar at the back of its flowers. It prefers areas rich in limestone and is often used in rock gardens.
Yellow columbine

Yellow columbine

The yellow columbine is a wildflower whose flower is most commonly yellow, but portions of it can also be yellow-pink or cream-colored. The seed has been used historically as a natural pesticide. The yellow columbine is commonly seen in garden centers and is a gardener favorite in shady garden spaces. A close cousin, Aquilegia caerulea, is the state flower of Colorado.
Green-flowered columbine

Green-flowered columbine

The green-flowered columbine (*Aquilegia viridiflora*) is often used in horticulture and makes great cut flowers. This short-lived perennial, like all members of its genus, is named after the flowers that resemble eagle claws: the name *Aquilegia* comes from the Latin word for eagle (*aquila*). The most popular cultivar is called 'Chocolate Soldier' and is prized for the chocolate-brown flowers.
Small-flower columbine

Small-flower columbine

Small-flower columbine are prized perennials used to add color, texture, and height to any garden. Blooming for weeks, these plants are available in a wide range of colors and sizes, so you can mix and match or choose to dedicate your garden to one variety. A favorite of butterflies and hummingbirds, the bell-shaped flowers provide the perfect opening for these important pollinators. Small-flower columbine are the official state flower of Colorado.
Jones' columbine

Jones' columbine

Jones' columbine are prized perennials used to add color, texture, and height to any garden. Blooming for weeks, these plants are available in a wide range of colors and sizes, so you can mix and match or choose to dedicate your garden to one variety. A favorite of butterflies and hummingbirds, the bell-shaped flowers provide the perfect opening for these important pollinators. Jones' columbine are the official state flower of Colorado.
White colorado columbine

White colorado columbine

White colorado columbine are prized perennials used to add color, texture, and height to any garden. Blooming for weeks, these plants are available in a wide range of colors and sizes, so you can mix and match or choose to dedicate your garden to one variety. A favorite of butterflies and hummingbirds, the bell-shaped flowers provide the perfect opening for these important pollinators. White colorado columbine are the official state flower of Colorado.
Desert columbine

Desert columbine

Desert columbine are prized perennials used to add color, texture, and height to any garden. Blooming for weeks, these plants are available in a wide range of colors and sizes, so you can mix and match or choose to dedicate your garden to one variety. A favorite of butterflies and hummingbirds, the bell-shaped flowers provide the perfect opening for these important pollinators. Desert columbine are the official state flower of Colorado.
Van houtte's columbine

Van houtte's columbine

Van houtte's columbine are prized perennials used to add color, texture, and height to any garden. Blooming for weeks, these plants are available in a wide range of colors and sizes, so you can mix and match or choose to dedicate your garden to one variety. A favorite of butterflies and hummingbirds, the bell-shaped flowers provide the perfect opening for these important pollinators. Van houtte's columbine are the official state flower of Colorado.
Columbine (Aquilegia) Columbine (Aquilegia)
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