Botanical name: Araceae
Botanical name: Araceae
Species of Arum
The eight species of zantedeschia each grow a spathe and spadix in place of flowers. Though likely native to southern Africa, they have been spread throughout the world. In spite of the name, these plants are not true lilies. Nevertheless, zantedeschia are similarly poisonous if swallowed.
Peace lilies are members of the genus, Spathiphyllum, so they are technically not true lilies. At least 47 different species fall under this genus, many of which are prized as houseplants. In lieu of flowers, peace lilies produce a spadix and spathe. All members of this genus are moderately toxic, but are not as dangerous as true lilies.
Bog arum are a genus of just one species – Calla palustris. They are naturally found in forest swamps in the temperate and sub-artic Northern Hemisphere. They are semi-aquatic plants with an erect habit. These perennials are long-lived. Bog arum have been reported as toxic and care must be taken when handling them.
Steudnera is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araceae. It is native to southern China, the Himalayas, and Indochina.
Mud-midget is a genus of aquatic plants in the family Araceae. They are rootless and have a keel that allows them to maintain their orientation in the water. They are small, measuring 2 to 10 mm in width.
Syngonium is a genus of large tropical evergreen woody vines in the Arum family. An interesting trait is that the leaves change shapes as the plant matures. Adult leaf stages are usually much more lobed than the juvenile ones. Some species are popular houseplants, always remaining in the form of a juvenile plant when in a pot.
Sauromatum is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araceae. The genus is native to tropical Africa, tropical Asia, and the Arabian Peninsula. Their inflorescences last for only a few hours to a day.
Thailand Giant are a genus of flowering plants characterized by their large leaves, which resemble an elephant's ear. These leaves make them popular ornamental plants. Species such as Colocasia esculenta, commonly known as Taro, are important food crops. These plants can become invasive in wetland areas, including the American gulf coast.
Symplocarpus are a small genus of flowering plants in the Arum family. All members have intricate conical leaves and a contractile root system for adjusting the plant's ground level. The name 'Skunk Cabbage' refers to the foul smell released by some species when their leaves are damaged or crushed.
Pistia comprises of single species - Pistia stratiotes, also known as water lettuce. This aquatic plant can be found in almost all tropical and subtropical fresh waterways (hence the name), where it behaves as an invasive weed. Pistia floats on the water surface, forming large, impenetrable carpets and disrupting water ecosystems. To complete their life cycle, the salvinia stem-borer moth (Samea multiplicalis) and mosquitoes of the genus Mansonia need to use pistia as a host plant.
Duckweeds is a genus of aquatic plants, one of several genera containing plants. Plants are green, but may have a red or brown underside. Multiple roots (7 to 12) emerge from each thallus. The genus is virtually cosmopolitan in distribution.
Colocasia comprise a genus of tropical and subtropical flowering perennials. The Latin name comes from "kolokasion", which was the Greek name for the edible roots of C. esculenta. The sap of all species can be irritating to the skin, and all parts of the plant can cause stomach issues if eaten raw.
Water trumpet is a genus of aquatic plants from the family Araceae. The genus is naturally distributed in tropical regions of India, Southeast Asia and New Guinea.
Watermeals are petite floating aquatic plants that have been traditionally harvested for fuel or fodder. They provide a food source for wild waterbirds such as ducks, hence the common name Duckweed. These fast-growing plants don't have roots and are usually found in freshwater lakes and ponds.
Eternity plant comprise a small genus of one species of tropical perennial. The genus was first described in 1829, but wasn't commercially propagated until 1996, when Dutch nurseries saw its potential as a houseplant. Indeed, eternity plant quickly became a worldwide houseplant favorite, due to the attractiveness of the rounded, glossy, tilted leaves, and the fact it is extremely undemanding and easy to care for.
Rhaphidophora is a genus of evergreen, robust, climbing plants. T The flowers are bisexual, lacking a perigone. The spathe is shed after flowering.The flowers produce many, ellipsoid, straight seeds with a brittle and smooth outer coat (testa).Their bast fibers have typically abundant, long and slender trichosclereids, merging with the fibers of the sclerenchyma. If the blade of the leaf is torn, many hairs become apparent. Rhaphidophora consists of approximately 100 species. Rhaphidophora is a genus in the family Araceae, occurring from tropical Africa eastwards through Malesia and Australasia to the Western Pacific.
Angel wings comprise a genus of tropical evergreen tuberous perennials, renowned and gladly cultivated for showy coloration. The leaves feature white, pink, red, and green colors in interesting patterns. Angel wings plants got their common name for the red-pink-to-purple heart-shaped foliage.
Amorphophallus are a genus of hundreds of species that grow a single tuber, atop which grows a single leaf, then produces a single flower. Interestingly, the female flower is only able to reproduce for a single day. Amorphophallus are predators, and prey on small insects by growing different kinds of traps to capture and devour them.
Schismatoglottis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araceae. Schismatoglottis are found primarily in tropical parts of Southeast Asia, New Guinea, and Melanesia. The majority of the species are native to the Island of Borneo.
Duckweeds (Lemna) are fast-growing plants that float freely just beneath the water surface. This genus contains some of the smallest flowering plants around the world. They produce new offshoots rapidly, and although their denseness is a nuisance to humans, it's a great food source for fish and waterfowl.
Laceleaf comprise a genus of tropical flowering plants in the arum family. Many species are popular ornamentals grown as houseplants. They bear attractive blossoms with leathery, shiny, and colorful spathes surrounding the underside of a white or colorful, spike-like inflorescence. The pink varieties earned these species the nickname "Flamingo flower."
Dracunculus is a small genus consisting of tuberous, flowering perennials. The Latin name means 'small dragon,' which is in tune with the plants' looks. They are characterized by large, elongated spathe and spadix. The smell of rotting flesh is emitted as the flowers open to attract flies and other pollinators.
Arrow Arums is native to the eastern United States, eastern Canada, and Cuba.
Arum lilies are herbaceous perennials known for their intricate flower shapes, making some of them a popular ornamental addition to gardens. Male flowers are designed to temporarily trap insects to ensure they pick up the pollen. All parts of the plants are toxic, as they contain calcium oxalate as raphides.
The inflorescence of helicodiceros is a three-part spadix which resembles the anal area of a dead mammal. In between is a hairy spathe such as a ‘tail’ running down into the chamber of the flower which bonds with the fertile male and female florets. Helicodiceros is an ornamental plant native to Corsica, Sardinia and the Balearic Islands. The genus helicodiceros includes only one species.
Dumb canes are vigorous tropical perennials. Some species are widely cultivated as houseplants for their attractive foliage, easy propagation, and good adaptation to indoor conditions. The name 'dumb canes' comes from the fact that ingesting a plant can cause, among other issues, a temporary loss of voice - due to presence of tissue-damaging oxalic acid crystals.
Chinese evergreens is a genus of evergreen, flowering, perennial tropical plants that have been widely hybridized and grown as houseplants for their showy foliage. Chinese evergreens have been considered good-luck plants in Asia for centuries, and were introduced to Europe in 1885. The wide array of modern cultivars offers attractive, colorful foliage displays.
Elephant's-ears comprise a genus of tuberous perennial tropical evergreen plants. The nickname "Elephant's ears" comes from their distinct leaf shape. Elephant's-ears are grown as a houseplant all over the world because of the attractive color patterns and shape of the foliage, with many cultivars being available.
Monsteras comprise a genus of evergreen tropical flowering perennials in the arum family. The Latin name means "monstrous" or "abnormal", referring to the huge, naturally punctured, and lobed foliage. It is exactly these leaves that make some monsteras species popular as ornamental plants.
Green dragons are herbaceous flowering plants native to temperate East Asia. They owe their common name, Green dragon, to their unusually shaped flower structures. Green dragons are able to reproduce rapidly through their seeds, making them potentially invasive in non-native areas such as North America, where certain species of the genus are already considered weeds.
Tongavines comprise a genus of evergreen perennial tropical vines that climb with the help of aerial roots. Very dominant in their natural surroundings, some species are highly popular houseplants, with variegated and other multi-colored varieties being especially favored. All parts of the plants are toxic due to oxalate crystal spikes and trichosclereid cells.
Emerald Gem Plant
Emerald Gem Plant are tropical and subtropical evergreen plants found mostly in Southern Asia and the South-East Pacific. They grow in clumps and commonly feature heart or arrowhead-shaped leaves, and a cluster of tiny flowers. Many members emit a strong anise smell. Some emerald Gem Plant are popular houseplants.