Botanical name: Araliaceae
Botanical name: Araliaceae
Species of Ivy
Oreopanax is a genus of shrubs and trees in the family Araliaceae, comprising circa 85 species native to the Americas. Oreopanax species' range extends from Mexico and the Antilles to Argentina and Brazil.
The plants belonging to the spikenards genus are evergreen shrubs, trees, and flowering perennials. They are often found in woodlands in various shapes and sizes. Many species are recognizable by their stout, thorny stems. Many species have bold and variegated foliage, which makes them desirable garden ornamentals.
Metapanax is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araliaceae, comprising 2 species. They are endemic to southern China and Vietnam.
Raukaua is a genus of woody plants. Like most of Araliaceae, they have palmately compound leaves. The leaves are heteroblastic, that is, conspicuously different in form from juvenile to adult. It comprises six species. It has an austral distribution, being indigenous to southern Argentina and Chile, as well as New Zealand and the island of Tasmania.
Ginseng are flowering plants native to East Asia and eastern North America. These plants are widely known for their chemical properties and are used for making extracts; thus, ginseng is widely collected and poached from the wild, causing certain species to become rare or endangered in some areas due to high demand. Luckily, ginseng can also be farmed if natural conditions are simulated.
Gamblea is a genus of plants of the family Araliaceae, comprising four species.
Eleuthero is a genus of 38 species of thorny shrubs and trees in the family Araliaceae. They are native to eastern Asia, from southeast Siberia and Japan to the Philippines and Vietnam. 18 species come from China, from central to western parts.
Dendropanax is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araliaceae, consisting of 92 species of evergreen trees and shrubs. They are native to Central and South America, eastern Asia and the Malay Peninsula.
Tetrapanax are spreading, broad-leafed shrubs that sometimes climb other plants for support. This genus has only one species, Tetrapanax papyrifer. The stems have pale spongy tissue inside of them that is used to make what is commonly known as rice paper.
Pseudopanax (Latin for "false ginseng") is a small genus of 12–20 species of evergreen plants, the majority of which are endemic to New Zealand. Flowers of the genus occur in terminal umbels.
Snowflake aralia is a genus of flowering plants . They are trees with spiny trunks. The genus is characterized by palmately lobed leaves, pedicels lacking articulations, at least six petals per flower, and at least six locules per ovary. It has 7 species.They are native to Southeast Asia.
Ivy are a small group of evergreen plants famous for their ability to cling and climb. They are often used decoratively to cover the sides of stone buildings. Ivy have had great cultural and symbolic significance, representing love and friendship. They were also thought to be able to protect people from misfortune and evil spirits. For this reason, many royal crests and sigils incorporated these plants.
Their leaves are typically grouped in umbrella-shaped arrangements at the tips of long erect branches. The leaves are carried on long petioles, and have conspicuous stipules. The leaves are very variable in shape, often palmately compound with leaflets likewise variable in shape, but also simple or palmate. Their usually dense inflorescences are often spiked, and their small flowers usually have 5 greenish petals. Their stems and underground parts are succulent, and their bark is often corky. It originated in Africa and has its center of distribution in South Africa and the Mascarene Islands. They occur in grasslands, woodlands and forests, from sea level to over 2000 m in altitude. Geographically, they are indigenous to sub-Saharan Africa, Yemen in the Arabian Peninsula and the Comoro Islands.
Fatsia is a small genus containing a handful of evergreen shrubs. Though not of particular commercial or culinary importance, a couple of species are planted as ornamentals. Though they don't have particularly showy flowers, fatsia have handsome lobed leaves. In addition, they do very well in the shade, which makes them more versatile for landscaping purposes. Some cultivars are grown as houseplants, too.
Aralia are a diverse group of small trees and shrubs that are grown for their beautiful foliage. Several species of aralia are very popular houseplants and are highly regarded for their ability to thrive in near-complete shade. In some areas of Polynesia, fast, woody-stemmed species of aralia are grown for fencing.
Schefflera make up a large and diverse group of trees, shrubs, and woody vines. Though the genus is not of particular culinary or commercial importance, several species are popular ornamentals. Since these plants are not tolerant of the cold but thrive in low light, they are grown as houseplants rather than garden plants.
Macropanax is a genus of flowering plants of the family Araliaceae, comprising 20 species. They are distributed from Central China to Sikkim, Nepal and Bhutan and to western Malaysia.
Osmoxylon is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araliaceae.
Castor aralia is the sole species in the genus castor aralia. It is native to northeastern Asia, from Sakhalin and Japan west to southwestern China. The tree of castor aralia grows to 30 m tall, with a trunk up to 1.006 to 1.5 m diameter. The stems are often spiny, with stout spines up to 1 cm long. The leaves are alternate, palmately lobed with five or seven lobes, each lobe with a finely toothed margin. Each flower with 4-5 small white petals. The fruit is a small black drupe containing 2 seeds.
Brassaiopsis is a genus of shrubs of family Araliaceae. There are about 45 species, distributed in Asia from the Himalaya through China, Vietnam, Thailand to Indonesia.
Devil's club are flowering deciduous shrubs native to western North America and northeastern Asia. They all have spiny stems, large palm-like leaves, whitish or greenish flowers, and tiny red fruits. Interestingly, devil's club are very closely related to American ginseng, as they belong to the same family, and have been used in Native American traditions.
Heteropanax have a distinctive appearance that also makes them popular as large houseplants or ornamental garden plants in humid climates, where they thrive in partially sunny locations. The thick foliage on top of the slender trunk gives the plants a crown-shaped appearance. The plants are spread by seeds found in the small fruits.