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Capsicum
Capsicum
Capsicum
Capsicum
Capsicum (Capsicum)
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Annual
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Key Facts About Capsicum

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Distribution of Capsicum

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Exploring the Capsicum Plants

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8 most common species:
Capsicum annuum
Pepper
The pepper are commonly used for cooking in places such as the Southern U.S. and Central America. Most are moderately spicy, though because there are so many variants, the spice level can vary dramatically. Cayenne powder is also a popular seasoning product made from pepper plants.
Capsicum baccatum
Aji peanut pepper
Aji peanut pepper (Capsicum baccatum) is a plant species that is one of five domesticated peppers. Aji peanut pepper is edible and considered very spicy. This species is widely used in Peruvian cuisine and Bolivian cuisine.
Capsicum frutescens
Tabasco pepper
Although tabasco pepper, or Capsicum frutescens, grows wild in Central and South America, this type of pepper has been cultivated as a garden annual or short-lived perennial in other areas. There are also ornamental varieties of this species that are grown for the flashy colored fruit.
Capsicum pubescens
Tree pepper
Tree pepper comes from the Andes in South America. The specific epithet, pubescens, means 'hairy' and refers to the plant's hairy leaves. These, along with the black seeds of its fleshy fruit, make this pepper easily identifiable amongst its brethren. The heat of tree pepper varies greatly - from 30,000 to 250,000 Scoville units.
Capsicum annuum var. conoides
Capsicum annuum var. conoides
Capsicum annuum var. conoides is a vibrant cultivar thriving in warm climates, showcasing a bushy growth habit. Its hallmark is the cone-shaped, red or green peppers that dangle amidst lush foliage. These peppers are famed for their culinary heat, an adaptation possibly deterring predators, while also enticing humans who spread their seeds far and wide.
Capsicum chinense 'Scotch Bonnet'
Scotch Bonnet pepper
This colorful, fiery pepper packs a bold punch in Caribbean cuisine. With its unique scotch bonnet shape and tropical origins, it's a standout addition to any garden. But beware, its heat level ranges from 100,000-350,000 Scoville units, making it one of the hottest peppers in the world.
Capsicum chacoense
Wild chilli pepper
Capsicum chacoense is a species of the genus Capsicum native to South America. While it is rarely cultivated by humans, it, like all Capsicum species, produces edible fruit.
Capsicum chinense 'Biquinho'
Little Beak Pepper
Little Beak Pepper is a type of chili pepper that is native to Brazil. It is a small pepper, typically only growing to about 3 to 4 cm in length, and has a pointed, "beak-like" shape, hence its common name, which means "little beak" in Portuguese. The pepper has a sweet and fruity flavor with a moderate level of heat, making it a popular choice for cooking and seasoning a variety of dishes. In the garden, 'Biquinho' peppers are easy to grow and can be grown in pots or in the ground. They prefer warm and sunny conditions and should be watered regularly. The peppers are a great addition to any garden, adding both flavor and a touch of color to a variety of dishes.

All Species of Capsicum

Pepper
Capsicum annuum
Pepper
The pepper are commonly used for cooking in places such as the Southern U.S. and Central America. Most are moderately spicy, though because there are so many variants, the spice level can vary dramatically. Cayenne powder is also a popular seasoning product made from pepper plants.
Aji peanut pepper
Capsicum baccatum
Aji peanut pepper
Aji peanut pepper (Capsicum baccatum) is a plant species that is one of five domesticated peppers. Aji peanut pepper is edible and considered very spicy. This species is widely used in Peruvian cuisine and Bolivian cuisine.
Tabasco pepper
Capsicum frutescens
Tabasco pepper
Although tabasco pepper, or Capsicum frutescens, grows wild in Central and South America, this type of pepper has been cultivated as a garden annual or short-lived perennial in other areas. There are also ornamental varieties of this species that are grown for the flashy colored fruit.
Tree pepper
Capsicum pubescens
Tree pepper
Tree pepper comes from the Andes in South America. The specific epithet, pubescens, means 'hairy' and refers to the plant's hairy leaves. These, along with the black seeds of its fleshy fruit, make this pepper easily identifiable amongst its brethren. The heat of tree pepper varies greatly - from 30,000 to 250,000 Scoville units.
Capsicum annuum var. conoides
Capsicum annuum var. conoides
Capsicum annuum var. conoides
Capsicum annuum var. conoides is a vibrant cultivar thriving in warm climates, showcasing a bushy growth habit. Its hallmark is the cone-shaped, red or green peppers that dangle amidst lush foliage. These peppers are famed for their culinary heat, an adaptation possibly deterring predators, while also enticing humans who spread their seeds far and wide.
Scotch Bonnet pepper
Capsicum chinense 'Scotch Bonnet'
Scotch Bonnet pepper
This colorful, fiery pepper packs a bold punch in Caribbean cuisine. With its unique scotch bonnet shape and tropical origins, it's a standout addition to any garden. But beware, its heat level ranges from 100,000-350,000 Scoville units, making it one of the hottest peppers in the world.
Wild chilli pepper
Capsicum chacoense
Wild chilli pepper
Capsicum chacoense is a species of the genus Capsicum native to South America. While it is rarely cultivated by humans, it, like all Capsicum species, produces edible fruit.
Little Beak Pepper
Capsicum chinense 'Biquinho'
Little Beak Pepper
Little Beak Pepper is a type of chili pepper that is native to Brazil. It is a small pepper, typically only growing to about 3 to 4 cm in length, and has a pointed, "beak-like" shape, hence its common name, which means "little beak" in Portuguese. The pepper has a sweet and fruity flavor with a moderate level of heat, making it a popular choice for cooking and seasoning a variety of dishes. In the garden, 'Biquinho' peppers are easy to grow and can be grown in pots or in the ground. They prefer warm and sunny conditions and should be watered regularly. The peppers are a great addition to any garden, adding both flavor and a touch of color to a variety of dishes.
Big Red Sweet Peppers
Capsicum annuum 'Big Red'
Big Red Sweet Peppers
Sometimes the name tells you all you need to know, and that's the case with this pepper because its fruit is big, and it's red. This bell pepper hybrid is also notable for producing a large yield of sweet-tasting peppers with thick flesh. This vegetable grows well in containers.
Yellow lantern chili
Capsicum chinense
Yellow lantern chili
The habanero pepper is frequently used as a spice for food. The term "Chinese" suggests that the plant is from China, but this pepper originated from Colombia and Brazil. It is one of the hottest chilis known. The fruits' flavor has been compared to a mixture of pepper and garlic, with overtones of citrus and raisins.
Chinese Five Color Chili Pepper
Capsicum annuum 'Chinese'
Chinese Five Color Chili Pepper
Chinese Five Color Chili Pepper is a striking pepper hybrid that really stands out with its multicolored peppers in shades of purple, yellow, green, red, and black. This capsicum offers a great ornamental appeal and it is grown for display purposes as much as for its fruit, although these chilis are of course edible.
Poblano Pepper
Poblano pepper
Poblano Pepper
Poblano Pepper is a beloved pepper in Mexico. Named after Puebla, the Mexican state it originated in, it is often used in traditional dishes after it ripens to brown or red. Its large size makes it stand out from most other peppers, and its relatively mild flavor complements most meals. The dried pepper, called chile ancho, is often used in sauces.
Anaheim Pepper
Anaheim pepper
Anaheim Pepper
Named after the Southern California city where it became popular, anaheim Pepper is a mild-flavored pepper used — often roasted or stuffed — in a variety of dishes. Bright red before maturing, it is a colorful plant that can repel pests like deer and rabbits from thriving vegetable gardens.
Sweet Banana Pepper
Capsicum annuum 'Banana Sweet'
Sweet Banana Pepper
Banana peppers are yellow when young, and shaped like bananas, which explains their name. Sweet Banana Pepper is a variety of banana pepper noted for the sweet taste of its fruit. This abundantly-fruiting variety has larger fruit than its parent, and this fruit appears unusually early.
Hungarian Yellow Wax Pepper
Capsicum annuum 'Hungarian Yellow Wax'
Hungarian Yellow Wax Pepper
The fruit of hungarian Yellow Wax Pepper starts out yellow and then ripens through green to red. This staple of the spice-loving Hungarian kitchen also stands out from other capsicums for its thick waxy skin. This is a great chili to grow at home since it is low maintenance and fruits after 9-10 weeks.
Cherry Pepper
Cherry pepper
Cherry Pepper
Cherry Pepper gets its name from the small red fruit it resembles, with a flavor ranging from mild to hot, depending on its maturity. It is popular in vegetable gardens and is often used for pickling, as a garnish, or to add spice to a variety of dishes.
Orange Sun Bell Pepper
Capsicum annuum 'Orange Sun'
Orange Sun Bell Pepper
These bright orange peppers bring to mind the orange hue of the setting sun. This pepper hybrid has been bred for its depth of sweetness and flavor as well as for its extremely thick flesh. This is a great pepper to grow in a home garden, adding great color.
Hot Banana Pepper
Capsicum annuum 'Banana Hot'
Hot Banana Pepper
Hot Banana Pepper is a variety of banana pepper that is spicier than its parent. Banana peppers are so-named because they are yellow when young and banana-shaped. Rated at 5,000 to 10,000 on the Scoville pungency scale, these peppers are classed as medium-hot. The peppers change from yellow to green and red as they ripen, and they become sweeter with age.
Christmas Pepper
Capsicum annuum 'Christmas'
Christmas Pepper
Christmas Pepper makes an unusual fruit, producing a piquant chili that varies in color between pink, purple, orange, and red. It is a distinctive pepper variety that grows in an upright Christmas tree-like form. This plant is fairly easy to grow but make sure it receives plenty of fertilizer and water.
Pretty Purple Pepper
Capsicum annuum 'Pretty Purple'
Pretty Purple Pepper
'Pretty Purple'- named for its very attractive deep purple peppers, these edible chilis are quite spicy, so beware. But if you're not a lover of hot foods, you may still choose to grow this ornamental pepper just because it adds such interesting color to the garden. Pretty Purple Pepper thrives in well-drained soil.
Peppers 'Hungarian Hot Wax'
Capsicum annum 'Hungarian Hot Wax'
Peppers 'Hungarian Hot Wax'
Peppers 'Hungarian Hot Wax' is a chili that produces elongated, thin, and pointed fruit which is commonly harvested while still yellow. When mature, the chili becomes bright red. It is a medium-hot chili that rates 5,000-10,000 SHU on the Scoville scale of heat.
Ghost pepper
Capsicum chinense 'Bhut Jolokia'
Ghost pepper
Ghost pepper is a pungent, heat-packed pepper from the solanaceous family, renowned for its fiery spice. It brandishes wrinkled, lantern-shaped fruits that ripen to red or orange hues. The intense heat arises from the plant's defense against harsh climates, boasting a Scoville scale rating that dwarfs ordinary chili peppers, making it one of the world's hottest.
Five color pepper
Capsicum annuum 'Five Color'
Five color pepper
The vibrant five color pepper is a visual delight in gardens and containers, showcasing peppercorns that transition through a spectrum of five colors—from creamy white to deep red—as they mature. Its compact bushes burst with these colorful fruits, reflecting a resilience that thrives in warm, sunny environments and well-drained soils. The ornamental appeal of five color pepper marries beauty to utility, as the peppers are also edible, bringing mild to medium heat to culinary dishes.
Bell Pepper
Bell pepper
Bell Pepper
The bell Pepper, the shape of which indeed resembles a bell, is an incredibly popular vegetable; and its sweet flavor makes it a favorite in gardens. Commonly used in salads and hot dishes, the bell Pepper’s color changes from green to red or yellow the longer it is allowed to mature, but the flavor remains the same.
Banana Pepper
Banana pepper
Banana Pepper
The tangy and sweet flavor of the banana Pepper makes it a popular addition to all types of dishes. Though it originated in South America, it is now used in cuisines around the world. Its bright yellow color stands out in vegetable gardens and, along with its curved shape, also gives the pepper its name.
Jalapeño Pepper
Jalapeño pepper
Jalapeño Pepper
Named after the city of Xalapa, in Veracruz, Mexico, jalapeño Pepper is one of the most popular peppers in both its home country and the United States, known for its versatile uses in cooking and assertive but delectable spice. When the peppers fully mature, their spiciness increases, adding more heat and flavor.
Cayenne Pepper
Cayenne pepper
Cayenne Pepper
Cayenne Pepper is commonly used in South American cuisine, but the long, thin peppers are popular as a spice around the world. As the plant matures, its heat intensity increases from mild to hot. It is often dried and crushed into a powder, its red hue and flavor adding color and spice as a seasoning.
Facing Heaven Pepper
Facing heaven pepper
Facing Heaven Pepper
Facing Heaven Pepper has a unique way of growing upright like it is looking towards the sky. Its bright red color makes it a popular ornamental plant in gardens, and an attractive garnish for dishes. Though it is too spicy to eat raw, the pepper, which comes from China, is often cooked into many Sichuan dishes.
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More Popular Genus

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Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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Key Facts About Capsicum

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Attributes of Capsicum

Planting Time
Spring
Harvest Time
Summer, Fall
Plant Height
60 cm
Spread
40 cm
Leaf type
Semi-evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 41 ℃

Trivia and Interesting Facts

distribution

Distribution of Capsicum

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Distribution Map of Capsicum

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
care detail

How to Grow and Care for Capsicum

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More Info About Caring for Capsicum
species

Exploring the Capsicum Plants

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8 most common species:
Capsicum annuum
Pepper
The pepper are commonly used for cooking in places such as the Southern U.S. and Central America. Most are moderately spicy, though because there are so many variants, the spice level can vary dramatically. Cayenne powder is also a popular seasoning product made from pepper plants.
Capsicum baccatum
Aji peanut pepper
Aji peanut pepper (Capsicum baccatum) is a plant species that is one of five domesticated peppers. Aji peanut pepper is edible and considered very spicy. This species is widely used in Peruvian cuisine and Bolivian cuisine.
Capsicum frutescens
Tabasco pepper
Although tabasco pepper, or Capsicum frutescens, grows wild in Central and South America, this type of pepper has been cultivated as a garden annual or short-lived perennial in other areas. There are also ornamental varieties of this species that are grown for the flashy colored fruit.
Capsicum pubescens
Tree pepper
Tree pepper comes from the Andes in South America. The specific epithet, pubescens, means 'hairy' and refers to the plant's hairy leaves. These, along with the black seeds of its fleshy fruit, make this pepper easily identifiable amongst its brethren. The heat of tree pepper varies greatly - from 30,000 to 250,000 Scoville units.
Show More Species

All Species of Capsicum

popular genus

More Popular Genus

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Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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