Botanical name: Caryophyllaceae
Botanical name: Caryophyllaceae
Species of Pink
Sandspurrys are adapted to high-salt coastal habitats and this explains their common name, 'sea-spurreys.' They are native to Europe, Africa, and the Americas. These are small plants that have attractive flowers, but their size and specialized habitat requirements mean that they are not popular ornamental plants.
Sea Sandwort are coastal, low-growing, spreading succulents with opposed, fleshy leaves. They grow on beaches of the northern hemisphere, forming patches in the sand or gravel. The flowers are small and greenish white, while the relatively large fruit capsule resembles a pea.
Delicate spurrys produce small white flowers and sprays of thin spiky leaves. Plants in this genus grow freely in areas that have been disturbed by humans, such as gardens, meadows, and roadsides. They are considered to be hardy, fast-growing weeds that disturb crop fields and grazing pastures.
Corncockles are a genus of flowering annuals native to Europe. While many genus members are valued for their attractive qualities, some species are considered weedy. These can become pesky in wheat and cornfields, if not managed. Corncockles members are toxic, as their leaves and seeds contain poisonous saponins.
Soapworts make up a large genus of wildflowers that attract butterflies, bees, and other pollinators to the garden. Available in a variety of cultivars that come in a wide range of colors, these flowers require minimal maintenance. Flowers are long lasting with blooms that last about a month or longer. The roots from soapworts are used to make soap, which is how the genus got its name. This natural cleaner can be used for various household tasks.
Found in temperate regions worldwide, mouse-ear chickweed are tough, prolific, flowering perennials with petals that slightly resemble mouse ears in shape. Some are available to grow in a garden, but beware--they can quickly become weedy if not carefully controlled (some species are classified as invasive weeds). One species is one of the few sources of food for the Coleophora moth.
Illecebrum produces procumbent or decumbent (trailing) stems that may be up to 20 cm high. It has ovate leaves arranged in opposite pairs along the stem. The small flowers are clustered in the axils of the leaves; their petals are much smaller than the white sepals. It contains the single species, which is a trailing annual plant native to Europe.
German knotgrass are low-growing plants that are often used as groundcover or for ornamental plantings in rock and flower gardens. The plants’ creeping growth habit allows them to form around rocks, giving the area the appearance of being covered in moss. German knotgrass produce small flowers in the summer.
The Plant List recognises 2 accepted species.
Jagged chickweed is a genus of plants in the Pink family (Caryophyllaceae) with 3 or 4 species native from southern Europe through central and south western Asia and in Africa. They are herbs with an annual life span, some growing as winter annuals. They have slender roots and thin stems that are upright or ascending. Flowers are bisexual but sometimes also unisexual and pistillate. Flowers are hypogynous, have 5 sepals that are distinct and green in color and lanceolate to ovate in shape.
Cowherbs includes only one species. It is an annual herb with blue-gray, waxy herbage and pale pink flowers. It is native to Eurasia but can be found in many other regions as an introduced species and a common weed.
There are annuals, perennials, and biennials that can be classified as dianthus. Colorful blossoms in a variety of petal shapes and sizes make these flowers a gardener's favorite. The classic fringed edge is a natural accent to the flower's petals. Often admired for their scent, dianthus flowers emit a sweet, spicy fragrance that complements the beauty of the blossom.
The scientific name Gypsophila comes from the gypsum-rich soil some plants in this genus thrive in. Baby's-breath are flowering plants that are often grown as garden ornamentals but are more commonly used in bouquets and floral arrangements. These plants reproduce from seeds produced by their small, round fruits.
Drymaria are a genus of creeping annual herbs. This genus derives its Latin name Drymaria from the Greek drymos, which means forest. Some genus members are invasive and can overtake nearby plant growth, while others don't spread easily and are on the verge of endangerment.
Achyronychia is a genus of flowering plant containing the single species. This plant is native to northern Mexico and the U. S. states. Achyronychia is a diminutive plant which lies in a small mat flat on the ground. It radiates several prostrate stems in all directions, each only a few centimeters long. The thick pale green leaves are paddle-shaped. There are no petals, but each flower has five thin shiny white sepals that look like tiny fingernails.
Pseudostellaria is a genus of flowering plants in the pink family. There are up to 20 species, most of which occur in Asia. They are similar to Stellaria, differing in the morphology of the roots and fruit capsules and having shallower notches in the petals.
Sagina are relatively tiny, low-growing plants that often grow in tufts. Their habitat is restricted to cooler climates, though they also appear in tropical areas, but only in mountain regions at high altitudes. They bloom with small flowers that usually have white petals.
Herniaria is a genus of flowering plants in the pink family. These are flat, mat-forming annual herbs. They are native to Eurasia and Africa but several species have been widely introduced to other continents.
Odontostemma are scarcely known and understudied flowering plants with a limited geographic range. Their scientific name "Odontostemma" comes from two Greek words - 'odont' meaning 'tooth', and 'stemma', meaning 'wreath' or 'garland'. They can be distinguished from related plants by discrete botanical characteristics: two or rarely three styles in a flower, sepals that curve outward on their distant end, and seeds with inflated coats, lacking striations. Odontostemma have no known practical use in gardening, medicine, or other human activities.
Myosoton are a genus of low-growing flowering herbs with a worldwide distribution. Many species are commonly considered weeds, but they are are still ecologically important since they are used as primary food plants by moths and butterflies. Their seeds are also an important food source for birds and other animals.
Sandworts are a genus of flowering plants native to temperate northern climates. The genus got its Latin name Moehringia in honor of the German botanist Paul Moehring (1710-1791). The species of this genus have a special relationship with ants, which use these plants' spongy seeds in their nests.
Chickweed is a genus of plants in the pink family with over 110 species worldwide, mostly from warm-temperate North America, Eurasia, South America and Africa. They are herbs that are annual or biennial or perennial in life span. Some species have a woody base. For the most part they have small, white to yellow-white colored flowers that are often hidden within the paired bracts.
Pinks are low-growing alpine perennials or annuals frequently cultivated for rock gardens, containers, or wall cracks. These are woody-based herbs with some species having developed a spreading, mat-forming habit. They are known for producing long-lasting delicate, tiny flowers from the early summer.
Annual Gypsophila (Psammophiliella) are flowering plants that serve well as ground cover and dried flowers. Their natural habitats usually consist of disturbed areas, pastures, and fields. These disease-resistant plants require no pruning, prefer deep, light-alkaline soil, and thrive in full sunlight.
The chickweeds (genus Stellaria) are a group of flowering plants in the carnation family. In Japan, this plant is strongly associated with springtime. Some chickweeds are planted ornamentally, while still other species are grown and harvested for their seeds, which may be eaten by wild or domesticated birds (some species within the genus are also called "chickenweeds" for this reason).
Enjoyed by beginners and seasoned gardeners alike, sandworts (Arenaria) is a genus of fast-growing flowering plants that look great in rock gardens or plant beds. Mostly grown in sunny spots, they will light up the garden with beautiful flowers. They are frost resistant once established, so they can be left outside all year round.
The campions are a huge and diverse group of flowering plants in the carnation family. These plants are so named because some species within the genus have hairy, sticky stems that may catch small insects such as flies -– these plants are not carnivorous, however. Several species within the genus have been cultivated ornamentally.