Botanical name: Cassia
Botanical name: Cassia
Ranging from hundreds to a thousand individual species, cassias are used for a wide range of purposes. Many are grown ornamentally in large part due to their lovely blooms and foliage. Others are useful in reforestation efforts or to prevent desertification. Thanks to their wide range of purposes, cassias are well known to have traditional uses as well.
Species of Cassias
The red cassia is a medium-sized tree, growing to 15–20 m (49–66 ft) tall with spreading, drooping branches. The leaves are clusters of pink, rose or orange flowers, 15–60 cm (5.9–23.6 in) long, and pinnate with three to eight pairs of leaflets, each leaflet 7–21 cm (2.8–8.3 in) long and 4–9 cm (1.6–3.5 in) broad. The flowers are produced in pendulous racemes 20–40 cm (7.9–15.7 in) long, each flower 4–7 cm (1.6–2.8 in) diameter with red to pinkish petals. The fruit is a legume.
Besides being a stunning ornamental tree for landscaping, the pink shower (Cassia javanica) has numerous uses! The wood is used for furniture and cabinet making, while the bark is used in the tanning process for leather. In Thailand, it's grown to bring good luck.
Golden shower tree
Golden shower tree (Cassia fistula) is a plant that is found in tropical and subtropical regions. It is at its peak during the middle of the summer. Golden shower tree is both the national flower and tree of Thailand. The Latin name "Cassia" comes from "Kassia", which means "fragrant plant." It holds a sacred place in scriptures like the Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Bronze shower (Cassia moschata) is named for its abundant blossoms which are a deep orange bronze color. These flowers make this a popular feature tree for ornamental gardens. The tree's wood is very dense and is used as firewood since it burns for a very long time.
Gold medallion tree
Ranging from hundreds to a thousand individual species, gold medallion tree are used for a wide range of purposes. Many are grown ornamentally in large part due to their lovely blooms and foliage. Others are useful in reforestation efforts or to prevent desertification. Thanks to their wide range of purposes, gold medallion tree are well known to have traditional uses as well.
Pink shower tree
The pink shower tree is named for the long racemes of pink flowers that cascade down from its branches and at times obscure most of the green leaves. It also produces long, woody seed pods that can function as cattle fodder. The pink shower tree is often an important species for local bee populations.