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Small enchanter's nightshade
Small enchanter's nightshade
Small enchanter's nightshade
Small enchanter's nightshade
Small enchanter's nightshade
Small enchanter's nightshade
Small enchanter's nightshade
Circaea alpina
Also known as : Alpine circaea, Enchanter's nightshade
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
3
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Key Facts About Small enchanter's nightshade

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Attributes of Small enchanter's nightshade

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Herb
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer, Fall
Plant Height
13 cm to 36 cm
Flower Size
3 mm
Flower Color
White
Leaf type
Deciduous
Ideal Temperature
0 - 25 ℃
Growth Season
Summer
Growth Rate:Moderate
During summer, small enchanter's nightshade's moderate growth rate results in a steady, balanced expansion of its foliage, contributing to its dense, bushy appearance. Neither too quickly which can be resource-draining nor too slowly that stunts progress, it displays consistent leaf production and floral emergence.

Scientific Classification of Small enchanter's nightshade

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distribution

Distribution of Small enchanter's nightshade

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Habitat of Small enchanter's nightshade

Forests, streamsides, upland
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Small enchanter's nightshade

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
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Questions About Small enchanter's nightshade

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Watering Watering Watering
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
What is the best way to water my Small enchanter's nightshade?
When watering the Small enchanter's nightshade, you should aim to use filtered water that is at room temperature. Filtered water is better for this plant, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to its health. The reason that the water should be at room temperature or slightly warmer is that the Small enchanter's nightshade comes from a warm environment, and cold water can be somewhat of a shock to its system. Also, you should avoid overhead watering for this plant, as it can cause foliage complications. Instead, simply apply your filtered room temperature water to the soil until the soil is entirely soaked. Soaking the soil can be very beneficial for this plant as it moistens the roots and helps them continue to spread through the soil and collect the nutrients they need.
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What should I do if I water my Small enchanter's nightshade too much or too little?
Both overwatering and underwatering will be detrimental to the health of your Small enchanter's nightshade, but overwatering is a far more common issue. When this species receives too much water, its stems and leaves may begin to wilt and turn from green to yellow. Overwatering over a prolonged period may also lead to diseases such as root rot, mold, and mildew, all of which can kill your plant. Underwatering is far less common for the Small enchanter's nightshade, as this plant has decent drought tolerance. However, underwatering remains a possibility, and when it occurs, you can expect to find that the leaves of your Small enchanter's nightshade have become brittle and brown. It is crucial that you notice the signs of overwatering as soon as possible when caring for your Small enchanter's nightshade. Some of the diseases that arise from overwatering, such as root rot, may not be correctable if you wait too long. If you see early signs of overwatering, you should reduce your watering schedule immediately. You may also want to assess the quality of soil in which your Small enchanter's nightshade grows. If you find that the soil drains very poorly, you should replace it immediately with a loose, well-draining potting mix. On the other hand, if you find signs that your Small enchanter's nightshade is receiving too little water, all you need to do is water more regularly until those signs have subsided.
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How often should I water my Small enchanter's nightshade?
If your plant is in a pot. The most precise way to decide whether your Small enchanter's nightshade needs water is to plunge your finger into the soil. If you notice that the first two to three inches of soil have become dry, it is time to add some water. If you grow your Small enchanter's nightshade outdoors in the ground, you can use a similar method to test the soil. Again, when you find that the first few inches of soil have dried out, it is time to add water. During the spring and early fall, this method will often lead you to water this plant about once every week. When extremely hot weather arrives, you may need to increase your watering frequency to about twice or more per week. With that said, mature, well-established the Small enchanter's nightshade can show an admirable ability to withstand drought.
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How much water does my Small enchanter's nightshade need?
When it comes time to water your Small enchanter's nightshade, you should not be shy about how much water you give. With the first two to three inches of soil dry, this plant will appreciate a long and thorough watering. Supply enough water to soak the soil entirely. The amount of water you add should be enough to cause excess water to flow through the drainage holes at the bottom of your pot. If you don’t see excess water draining from the pot, you have likely underwatered your plant. But do not let the water accumulate inside the soil, which will be very dangerous to the plant as well. Alternatively, a lack of water draining through the pot could indicate poorly draining soils, which is detrimental to the health of this plant and should be avoided. If the plant is outside, 1 inch of rain per week will be sufficient.
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How should I water my Small enchanter's nightshade at different growth stages?
The water needs of the Small enchanter's nightshade can change depending on growth stages as well. For example, when your Small enchanter's nightshade is in the first few years of its life, or if you have just transplanted it to a new growing location, you will need to give more water than usual. During both of those stages, your Small enchanter's nightshade will put a lot of energy towards sprouting new roots that will then support future growth. For those roots to perform their best, they need a bit more moisture than they would at a more mature phase. After a few seasons, your Small enchanter's nightshade will need much less water. Another growth stage in which this plant may need more water is during the bloom period. Flower development can make use of a significant amount of moisture, which is why you might need to give your Small enchanter's nightshade more water at this time.
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How should I water my Small enchanter's nightshade through the seasons?
The Small enchanter's nightshade will have its highest water needs during the hottest months of the year. During the height of summer, you may need to give this plant water more than once per week, depending on how fast the soil dries out. The opposite is true during the winter. In winter, your plant will enter a dormant phase, in which it will need far less water than usual. In fact, you may not need to water this plant at all during the winter months. However, if you do water during winter, you should not do so more than about once per month. Watering too much at this time will make it more likely that your Small enchanter's nightshade will contract a disease.
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What's the difference between watering my Small enchanter's nightshade indoors and outdoors?
It is most common to grow the Small enchanter's nightshade indoors for any gardener that does not live in temperate and tropical regions. Those gardeners should consider the fact that soil in a container can dry out a bit faster than ground soil. Also, the presence of drying elements such as air conditioning units can cause your Small enchanter's nightshade to need water on a more frequent basis as well. if you planted it outside. When that is the case, it’s likely you won’t need to water your Small enchanter's nightshade very much at all. If you receive rainfall on a regular basis, that may be enough to keep your plant alive. Alternatively, those who grow this plant inside will need to water it more often, as allowing rainwater to soak the soil will not be an option.
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More Info on Small Enchanter's Nightshade Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Lighting
Partial sun
The small enchanter's nightshade flourishes under moderate sun exposure. Yet, total lack of sunlight doesn't severely affect its health. It can undergo all growth stages efficiently under this light condition. Originally thriving in settings with elusive sun, it remains resilient despite overexposure or inadequate light. As such, extreme light conditions lead to lesser growth vigor.
Best Sunlight Practices
Transplant
12-18 inches
The prime time to transplant small enchanter's nightshade is from the refreshed vigor of early spring until the cusp of summer, leveraging optimal growth conditions. Select a shady, moist site, and when moving small enchanter's nightshade, handle with attentiveness to root integrity.
Transplant Techniques
Temperature
-30 ℃
Small enchanter's nightshade is a plant originally from environments with moderate temperatures. It favors a cool climate in a range of 32 to 77 °F (0 to 25 ℃). As seasons change, ensure it experiences similar temperature transitions for optimal growth.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Pruning
Spring, Summer
A woodland perennial, small enchanter's nightshade flourishes in shady habitats. Pruning dead or damaged foliage after blooming in late spring encourages healthy growth and prevents self-seeding. Summer pruning can involve cutting back overgrown areas for shape. Pruning during specified seasons—spring to summer—aligns with the plant's growth cycle and prevents frost damage to new growth. Pruning not only maintains aesthetics but also promotes vigor and deters unwanted spread.
Pruning techniques
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Mountain sweet pepperbush
Clethra acuminata can reach as high as 6 m tall. It has acuminate leaves with teeth along the margins, and solitary white flowers.
Mountain pansy
Mountain pansy
The mountain pansy is a perennial flower that has been the main progenitor for the well-known Garden pansy (V. × wittrockiana), a very popular flower hybrid. The most interesting subspecies of the mountain pansy are calaminaria and westfalica, which occur in very specific habitats—the first one occurs on zinc waste and the other on copper ore waste.
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Mountain ironwort
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Mountain fetterbush
Mountain fetterbush
The mountain fetterbush is less subject to damage from the Azalea lacebug that often infests the Japanese species. There is a cultivar of a hybrid between the American and Japanese species called 'Brouwer's Beauty' that does adapt easily to cultivation and bears intermediate flower clusters that are erect and yet drooping also.
Mountain everlasting
Mountain everlasting
Mountain everlasting grows as a wildflower in cool mountain regions. It is also a popular ornamental due to its pretty pink flowers and mat-forming habit. This perennial is frequently chosen to feature in border edges, rockeries, and in between paving slabs. It can reproduce without fertilization.
Mountain buttercup
Mountain buttercup
Traditionally, mountain buttercup is associated with happiness as the bloom is closely connected to children playing in a field of flowers. It is a hardy creeping deciduous perennial and a summer bloomer. Mountain buttercup is presumably named for its native mountain habitat and buttery yellow hue.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
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Small enchanter's nightshade
Small enchanter's nightshade
Small enchanter's nightshade
Small enchanter's nightshade
Small enchanter's nightshade
Small enchanter's nightshade
Small enchanter's nightshade
Circaea alpina
Also known as: Alpine circaea, Enchanter's nightshade
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
3
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Key Facts About Small enchanter's nightshade

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Attributes of Small enchanter's nightshade

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Herb
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer, Fall
Plant Height
13 cm to 36 cm
Flower Size
3 mm
Flower Color
White
Leaf type
Deciduous
Ideal Temperature
0 - 25 ℃
Growth Season
Summer
Growth Rate:Moderate
During summer, small enchanter's nightshade's moderate growth rate results in a steady, balanced expansion of its foliage, contributing to its dense, bushy appearance. Neither too quickly which can be resource-draining nor too slowly that stunts progress, it displays consistent leaf production and floral emergence.
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Scientific Classification of Small enchanter's nightshade

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distribution

Distribution of Small enchanter's nightshade

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Feedback
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Habitat of Small enchanter's nightshade

Forests, streamsides, upland
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Small enchanter's nightshade

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
question

Questions About Small enchanter's nightshade

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Feedback
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Watering Watering Watering
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
What is the best way to water my Small enchanter's nightshade?
more
What should I do if I water my Small enchanter's nightshade too much or too little?
more
How often should I water my Small enchanter's nightshade?
more
How much water does my Small enchanter's nightshade need?
more
How should I water my Small enchanter's nightshade at different growth stages?
more
How should I water my Small enchanter's nightshade through the seasons?
more
What's the difference between watering my Small enchanter's nightshade indoors and outdoors?
more
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More Info on Small Enchanter's Nightshade Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
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Plants Related to Small enchanter's nightshade

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Lighting
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Requirements
Partial sun
Ideal
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
The small enchanter's nightshade flourishes under moderate sun exposure. Yet, total lack of sunlight doesn't severely affect its health. It can undergo all growth stages efficiently under this light condition. Originally thriving in settings with elusive sun, it remains resilient despite overexposure or inadequate light. As such, extreme light conditions lead to lesser growth vigor.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Small enchanter's nightshade is a versatile plant that thrives in full sunlight but can tolerate partial shade. While it can adapt to different light conditions, when grown indoors with insufficient light, subtle symptoms of light deficiency may arise.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your Small enchanter's nightshade may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Small enchanter's nightshade enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To optimize plant growth, shift them to increasingly sunnier spots each week until they receive 3-6 hours of direct sunlight daily, enabling gradual adaptation to changing light conditions.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Small enchanter's nightshade thrives in full sun exposure but can adapt to partial shade. Although sunburn symptoms occur occasionally, they are generally tolerant of different light conditions due to their resilience.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Small enchanter's nightshade is a plant originally from environments with moderate temperatures. It favors a cool climate in a range of 32 to 77 °F (0 to 25 ℃). As seasons change, ensure it experiences similar temperature transitions for optimal growth.
Regional wintering strategies
Small enchanter's nightshade is highly cold-tolerant and does not require additional frost protection measures during winter. However, before the first freeze in autumn, it is recommended to water the plant generously to ensure the soil remains moist and enters a frozen state. This helps prevent drought and water scarcity for the plant during winter and early spring.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in Small enchanter's nightshade
Small enchanter's nightshade is extremely cold-tolerant, but the winter temperature should be maintained above {Limit_growth_temperature}. If the temperature drops below this threshold, although there may not be any noticeable changes during winter, there may be a decrease in sprouting or even no sprouting during springtime.
Solutions
In spring, remove any parts that have failed to sprout.
Symptoms of High Temperature in Small enchanter's nightshade
Small enchanter's nightshade is not tolerant to high temperatures. When the temperature exceeds {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}, its growth will stop, and it becomes more susceptible to rot.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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