Botanical name: Clinopodium
Botanical name: Clinopodium
Clinopodium are perennial flowering herbs and shrubs that usually flower from mid-summer through to the early fall. Clinopodium are noted for the delicate whorls of blooms that are produced at the end of the stem. Some members of the genus are edible whilst others are used to manufacture dyes.
Species of Clinopodium
Slender wild basil
The stem is thin and branches at the base to form a bundle, the lower part spreads sideways and rises at the tip to a height of 10 to 30 cm. Crawling stems take roots from nodes. The leaves are opposite, with a 5 to 15 mm petiole. The leaf blades are oval, 1 to 3 cm long, 8 to 20 mm wide, with no sharp tips, rounded base, and almost no hair. The edges have 5-6 blunt saw teeth on both sides. The inflorescence rises from the tip of the stem and leaves, and the upper one is 1 to 5 cm long. The rotundation inflorescence, that is, the steps of the inflorescence stems are stepped, and a plurality of flowers are born on each step. This rot is also a temporary ring, that is, it looks like a rot by the appearance of multiple flower points. Wrinkles are 3 to 4 mm long and have short hairs on the veins. The corolla is 5 to 6 mm long, lip-shaped and light red.
Alpine calamint is an enigma. It is not actually a calamint, though its purple flower stalks do resemble the Calamintha genus. And, in further defiance of its name, it is found in sub-alpine regions, a low-growing and cushion-forming perennial.
Browne's savory (Clinopodium brownei) is a perennial herb that can be found from the southeastern United States to Argentina. It grows equally well underwater and in marshy or moist soil. Browne's savory has a fragrance and flavor similar to peppermint, resulting in its use in teas.
Wild basil (Clinopodium vulgare) is a perennial herbaceous wildflower that attracts butterflies and bees. It blooms in summer with clusters of 30 or more tiny lavender purple flowers. Flowers are replaced by tiny brown nuts containing seeds. Grows best in shade or partial shade with dappled sun.
Lesser calamint (Clinopodium nepeta) is a perennial shrubby mint species, with many leaves that look more like oregano than like your average mint. The same is true about the smell, which is like halfway between mint and oregano. The flowers are lavender-pink and highly attractive for bees and butterflies.
The limestone calamint is an interesting, lime-loving plant that has two growth forms: in late winter and early spring, it creeps on the ground and spreads by stolons, while in late spring and early summer it produces erect flowering stems. When crushed, the stems emit a well-known, mint-like fragrance. It is commonly grown in rock gardens.
Basil thyme, or Clinopodium acinos, is a perennial. It gets its common name from its fragrance, which is similar to thyme. Basil thyme grows in direct sunlight up to 20 cm tall. It produces dark purple flowers and is native to Europe.
Chinese clinopodiumis often featured in traditional Chinese medicine and is currently being investigated for its pharmaceutical properties. In its native east Asia, chinese clinopodium can be found in thickets and forests at elevations not exceeding 1500 m.
Clinopodium chinense subsp. grandiflorum
Clinopodium chinense subsp. grandiflorum are perennial flowering herbs and shrubs that usually flower from mid-summer through to the early fall. Clinopodium chinense subsp. grandiflorum are noted for the delicate whorls of blooms that are produced at the end of the stem. Some members of the genus are edible whilst others are used to manufacture dyes.