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White mouth dayflower
White mouth dayflower
White mouth dayflower
White mouth dayflower
White mouth dayflower
White mouth dayflower
White mouth dayflower
Commelina erecta
White mouth dayflower (Commelina erecta) is a perennial wildflower found in coastal uplands, scrub habitats, and pinelands. The flower consists of two large petals situated right at the top of the stem. These blooms are purplish-blue, and there's a much smaller white petal below these two. This is why the flower has "White Mouth" in its name.
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
5 to 10
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Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring
plant_info

Key Facts About White mouth dayflower

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Attributes of White mouth dayflower

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
Spring
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer, Fall
Harvest Time
Summer, Fall
Plant Height
30 cm to 61 cm
Spread
15 cm to 30 cm
Leaf Color
Green
Blue
Flower Size
7 mm to 2.5 cm
Flower Color
Blue
White
Purple
Yellow
Fruit Color
Brown
White
Stem Color
Green
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Semi-evergreen
Ideal Temperature
5 - 35 ℃

Name story

White mouth dayflower
Some flowers blossom only for a day. In the case of this flower, it happens only for three or four hours in the morning which is why it is called dayflowers. This particular dayflower is often referred to as the white mouth dayflower for its tiny white flower petals.

Symbolism

Charity, simple and sweet, attentive to the needs of all

Usages

Garden Use
The lovely flowering white mouth dayflower provides a pop of color in woodland and cottage gardens. They can also attract birds and bees. These plants grow bright blue flowers with two large petals that stand out against the bright green leaves. Their blooming season lasts from the end of spring to the beginning of fall.

Scientific Classification of White mouth dayflower

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weed

Weed Control About White mouth dayflower

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Weeds
White mouth dayflower has a wide native range, and has also been listed as endangered in some regions but is not threatened globally. It is planted as an ornamental or groundcover. It is not listed as invasive within the United States, but can be a weed in some agricultural contexts. White mouth dayflower spreads quickly through root shoots in addition to producing seed. In agricultural fields, soil and foliar herbicides have been effective in controlling white mouth dayflower, but it has been shown to be resistant to some herbicides, such as glyphosate. Control methods that do not disrupt roots may not be efficient means of control as it can resprout from rhizomes, but grazing has been shown to offer partial control.
How to Control it
Once the weeds start to flower and fructify, it will be difficult to control them effectively. In fact, the best time to remove weeds is before flowering and fructification because the seeds will spread rapidly after that. So, it is necessary to remove weeds more often and to take precautions in advance next year. Mulching: During the seed stage, covering with sawdust, straws or black mulches to effectively inhibit seed germination and the growth of the seedling. Generally, this method is used in winter or spring to inhibit the germination of weed in the soil. If the weeds have already flowered and fructified, this method can be used to isolate the seeds and the soil to prevent the seeds from falling into the soil. Pulling out: Before the weeds fructify, wear gloves or use tools to pull them out. If it is difficult to pull out weed due to dry soil, adding water to the soil helps to make it easy to remove the roots thoroughly. After pulling out the weed, deep tillage can be adopted to remove the residual roots. This method is especially effective for weeds that are in the seedling stage. Pruning: Pruning weeds before they fructify can effectively control the propagation of weeds, especially for annual weeds. Frequent pruning can inhibit the growth and fructification of weeds and effectively them in the same year. Plowing: Before cultivation, plow the soil, collect and discard the roots of perennial weeds, then expose them to the sun or bury them deeply. It can also be used for retting organic fertilizer and composting. Chemical control: Using appropriate herbicides can effectively remove the weed from the area. Note: When removing weeds, it is necessary to wear gloves to avoid direct contact with the weeds, especially for the ones that are poisonous, thorny and allergenic. When removing weeds at the flowering stage, special masks should be worn to prevent allergic reactions caused by the inhalation of pollen.
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distribution

Distribution of White mouth dayflower

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Habitat of White mouth dayflower

Rocky slopes in woods and openings
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of White mouth dayflower

White mouth dayflower is native to the Americas and Africa, where it grows in a variety of habitats ranging from forests to sand dunes to roadsides. It has been introduced to Spain and Japan. It has been grown as an ornamental garden plant in its native range and in parts of Europe. White mouth dayflower is not listed as invasive but can become weedy in agricultural contexts.
distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
question

Questions About White mouth dayflower

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Watering Watering Watering
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
What is the best way to water my White mouth dayflower?
When watering the White mouth dayflower, you should aim to use filtered water that is at room temperature. Filtered water is better for this plant, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to its health. The reason that the water should be at room temperature or slightly warmer is that the White mouth dayflower comes from a warm environment, and cold water can be somewhat of a shock to its system. Also, you should avoid overhead watering for this plant, as it can cause foliage complications. Instead, simply apply your filtered room temperature water to the soil until the soil is entirely soaked. Soaking the soil can be very beneficial for this plant as it moistens the roots and helps them continue to spread through the soil and collect the nutrients they need.
Read More more
What should I do if I water my White mouth dayflower too much or too little?
Both overwatering and underwatering will be detrimental to the health of your White mouth dayflower, but overwatering is a far more common issue. When this species receives too much water, its stems and leaves may begin to wilt and turn from green to yellow. Overwatering over a prolonged period may also lead to diseases such as root rot, mold, and mildew, all of which can kill your plant. Underwatering is far less common for the White mouth dayflower, as this plant has decent drought tolerance. However, underwatering remains a possibility, and when it occurs, you can expect to find that the leaves of your White mouth dayflower have become brittle and brown.
It is crucial that you notice the signs of overwatering as soon as possible when caring for your White mouth dayflower. Some of the diseases that arise from overwatering, such as root rot, may not be correctable if you wait too long. If you see early signs of overwatering, you should reduce your watering schedule immediately. You may also want to assess the quality of soil in which your White mouth dayflower grows. If you find that the soil drains very poorly, you should replace it immediately with a loose, well-draining potting mix. On the other hand, if you find signs that your White mouth dayflower is receiving too little water, all you need to do is water more regularly until those signs have subsided.
Read More more
How often should I water my White mouth dayflower?
If your plant is in a pot. The most precise way to decide whether your White mouth dayflower needs water is to plunge your finger into the soil. If you notice that the first two to three inches of soil have become dry, it is time to add some water.
If you grow your White mouth dayflower outdoors in the ground, you can use a similar method to test the soil. Again, when you find that the first few inches of soil have dried out, it is time to add water. During the spring and early fall, this method will often lead you to water this plant about once every week. When extremely hot weather arrives, you may need to increase your watering frequency to about twice or more per week. With that said, mature, well-established the White mouth dayflower can show an admirable ability to withstand drought.
Read More more
How much water does my White mouth dayflower need?
When it comes time to water your White mouth dayflower, you should not be shy about how much water you give. With the first two to three inches of soil dry, this plant will appreciate a long and thorough watering. Supply enough water to soak the soil entirely. The amount of water you add should be enough to cause excess water to flow through the drainage holes at the bottom of your pot. If you don’t see excess water draining from the pot, you have likely underwatered your plant. But do not let the water accumulate inside the soil, which will be very dangerous to the plant as well. Alternatively, a lack of water draining through the pot could indicate poorly draining soils, which is detrimental to the health of this plant and should be avoided. If the plant is outside, 1 inch of rain per week will be sufficient.
Read More more
How should I water my White mouth dayflower at different growth stages?
The water needs of the White mouth dayflower can change depending on growth stages as well. For example, when your White mouth dayflower is in the first few years of its life, or if you have just transplanted it to a new growing location, you will need to give more water than usual. During both of those stages, your White mouth dayflower will put a lot of energy towards sprouting new roots that will then support future growth. For those roots to perform their best, they need a bit more moisture than they would at a more mature phase. After a few seasons, your White mouth dayflower will need much less water. Another growth stage in which this plant may need more water is during the bloom period. Flower development can make use of a significant amount of moisture, which is why you might need to give your White mouth dayflower more water at this time.
Read More more
How should I water my White mouth dayflower through the seasons?
The White mouth dayflower will have its highest water needs during the hottest months of the year. During the height of summer, you may need to give this plant water more than once per week, depending on how fast the soil dries out. The opposite is true during the winter. In winter, your plant will enter a dormant phase, in which it will need far less water than usual. In fact, you may not need to water this plant at all during the winter months. However, if you do water during winter, you should not do so more than about once per month. Watering too much at this time will make it more likely that your White mouth dayflower will contract a disease.
Read More more
What's the difference between watering my White mouth dayflower indoors and outdoors?
It is most common to grow the White mouth dayflower indoors for any gardener that does not live in temperate and tropical regions. Those gardeners should consider the fact that soil in a container can dry out a bit faster than ground soil. Also, the presence of drying elements such as air conditioning units can cause your White mouth dayflower to need water on a more frequent basis as well. if you planted it outside. When that is the case, it’s likely you won’t need to water your White mouth dayflower very much at all. If you receive rainfall on a regular basis, that may be enough to keep your plant alive. Alternatively, those who grow this plant inside will need to water it more often, as allowing rainwater to soak the soil will not be an option.
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More Info on White Mouth Dayflower Growth and Care

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Lighting
Full sun
White mouth dayflower craves plentiful exposure to the sun for its optimal growth, although it is comfortable with somewhat shaded locations. This light condition mirrors its origin habitat, where it had ample access to solar light. Uneven levels of sun exposure could jeopardize its health, leading to poor flowering or diminished vitality.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
-20 - 41 ℃
The native environment for white mouth dayflower is within a temperature range of 5 to 35 ℃ (41 to 95 ℉). It prefers moderate temperatures, not exceeding 35 ℃ (95 ℉). During summer, it may require a partial shield from the intense sun. In winter, it can tolerate temperatures as low as 5 ℃ (41 ℉), but it is best to maintain it within the ideal temperature range to avoid stress.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Transplant
1-2 feet
White mouth dayflower appreciates transplanting during the S1-S3 period, widely known as the growth initiation phase. A locale with partial sunlight and good drainage is optimum. While transplanting, maintain adequate spacing to support growth. Let's give this nature’s marvel the care it deserves!
Transplant Techniques
Feng shui direction
Southeast
The white mouth dayflower exhibits a harmonious alignment with Southeast-facing directions. The plant's vigorous growth embodies the Wood Element, resonating well with the Southeast, acknowledged as the domain of Wood in Feng Shui. However, the subtleties of Feng Shui may produce different effects based on individual interpretation.
Fengshui Details
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Plants Related to White mouth dayflower

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Shell ginger
Shell ginger
The distinctive shell ginger plant can grow up to 2.5 to 3 m tall. It bears colorful funnel-shaped flowers that have white or pink perianths. The leaves of the shell ginger are edible and are often used as flavorings in dishes or brewed as an herbal tea.
Indian chrysanthemum
Indian chrysanthemum
Indian chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum indicum) is a flowering plant species that blooms from summer to fall. Indian chrysanthemum must be grown outside under sunlight with moist soil. This plant's leaves can be used to make an aromatic tea.
Pink trumpet tree
Pink trumpet tree
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African lily
African lily
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Shrubby daisybush
Shrubby daisybush
Shrubby daisybush (Osteospermum fruticosum) is a plant species that is indigenous to South Africa. Shrubby daisybush is also known as the trailing African daisy. This species is related to the sunflower.
Creeping fig
Creeping fig
Creeping fig (Ficus pumila) is a plant species native to China, Japan and Vietnam. Creeping fig has been naturalized in parts of the United States. It can be cultivated as a houseplant. The FDA lists this species in its Database of Poisonous Plants due to the plant's toxic sap, which causes inflammation.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
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Related Plants
White mouth dayflower
White mouth dayflower
White mouth dayflower
White mouth dayflower
White mouth dayflower
White mouth dayflower
White mouth dayflower
Commelina erecta
White mouth dayflower (Commelina erecta) is a perennial wildflower found in coastal uplands, scrub habitats, and pinelands. The flower consists of two large petals situated right at the top of the stem. These blooms are purplish-blue, and there's a much smaller white petal below these two. This is why the flower has "White Mouth" in its name.
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
5 to 10
more
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring
plant_info

Key Facts About White mouth dayflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback

Attributes of White mouth dayflower

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
Spring
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer, Fall
Harvest Time
Summer, Fall
Plant Height
30 cm to 61 cm
Spread
15 cm to 30 cm
Leaf Color
Green
Blue
Flower Size
7 mm to 2.5 cm
Flower Color
Blue
White
Purple
Yellow
Fruit Color
Brown
White
Stem Color
Green
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Semi-evergreen
Ideal Temperature
5 - 35 ℃
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Name story

White mouth dayflower
Some flowers blossom only for a day. In the case of this flower, it happens only for three or four hours in the morning which is why it is called dayflowers. This particular dayflower is often referred to as the white mouth dayflower for its tiny white flower petals.

Symbolism

Charity, simple and sweet, attentive to the needs of all

Usages

Garden Use
The lovely flowering white mouth dayflower provides a pop of color in woodland and cottage gardens. They can also attract birds and bees. These plants grow bright blue flowers with two large petals that stand out against the bright green leaves. Their blooming season lasts from the end of spring to the beginning of fall.

Scientific Classification of White mouth dayflower

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weed

Weed Control About White mouth dayflower

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weed
Weeds
White mouth dayflower has a wide native range, and has also been listed as endangered in some regions but is not threatened globally. It is planted as an ornamental or groundcover. It is not listed as invasive within the United States, but can be a weed in some agricultural contexts. White mouth dayflower spreads quickly through root shoots in addition to producing seed. In agricultural fields, soil and foliar herbicides have been effective in controlling white mouth dayflower, but it has been shown to be resistant to some herbicides, such as glyphosate. Control methods that do not disrupt roots may not be efficient means of control as it can resprout from rhizomes, but grazing has been shown to offer partial control.
How to Control it
Once the weeds start to flower and fructify, it will be difficult to control them effectively. In fact, the best time to remove weeds is before flowering and fructification because the seeds will spread rapidly after that. So, it is necessary to remove weeds more often and to take precautions in advance next year. Mulching: During the seed stage, covering with sawdust, straws or black mulches to effectively inhibit seed germination and the growth of the seedling. Generally, this method is used in winter or spring to inhibit the germination of weed in the soil. If the weeds have already flowered and fructified, this method can be used to isolate the seeds and the soil to prevent the seeds from falling into the soil. Pulling out: Before the weeds fructify, wear gloves or use tools to pull them out. If it is difficult to pull out weed due to dry soil, adding water to the soil helps to make it easy to remove the roots thoroughly. After pulling out the weed, deep tillage can be adopted to remove the residual roots. This method is especially effective for weeds that are in the seedling stage. Pruning: Pruning weeds before they fructify can effectively control the propagation of weeds, especially for annual weeds. Frequent pruning can inhibit the growth and fructification of weeds and effectively them in the same year. Plowing: Before cultivation, plow the soil, collect and discard the roots of perennial weeds, then expose them to the sun or bury them deeply. It can also be used for retting organic fertilizer and composting. Chemical control: Using appropriate herbicides can effectively remove the weed from the area. Note: When removing weeds, it is necessary to wear gloves to avoid direct contact with the weeds, especially for the ones that are poisonous, thorny and allergenic. When removing weeds at the flowering stage, special masks should be worn to prevent allergic reactions caused by the inhalation of pollen.
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distribution

Distribution of White mouth dayflower

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Habitat of White mouth dayflower

Rocky slopes in woods and openings
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of White mouth dayflower

White mouth dayflower is native to the Americas and Africa, where it grows in a variety of habitats ranging from forests to sand dunes to roadsides. It has been introduced to Spain and Japan. It has been grown as an ornamental garden plant in its native range and in parts of Europe. White mouth dayflower is not listed as invasive but can become weedy in agricultural contexts.
distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
question

Questions About White mouth dayflower

feedback
Feedback
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Watering Watering Watering
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
What is the best way to water my White mouth dayflower?
more
What should I do if I water my White mouth dayflower too much or too little?
more
How often should I water my White mouth dayflower?
more
How much water does my White mouth dayflower need?
more
How should I water my White mouth dayflower at different growth stages?
more
How should I water my White mouth dayflower through the seasons?
more
What's the difference between watering my White mouth dayflower indoors and outdoors?
more
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Keep your plants happy and healthy with our guide to watering, lighting, feeding and more.
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More Info on White Mouth Dayflower Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
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Plants Related to White mouth dayflower

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Lighting
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
White mouth dayflower craves plentiful exposure to the sun for its optimal growth, although it is comfortable with somewhat shaded locations. This light condition mirrors its origin habitat, where it had ample access to solar light. Uneven levels of sun exposure could jeopardize its health, leading to poor flowering or diminished vitality.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
White mouth dayflower thrives in full sunlight and is commonly grown outdoors where it receives ample sunlight. When placed in rooms with inadequate lighting, symptoms of light deficiency may not be readily apparent.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your white mouth dayflower may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
White mouth dayflower enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
White mouth dayflower thrives in full sun exposure and can tolerate intense sunlight. With their remarkable resilience, symptoms of sunburn may not be easily visible, as they rarely suffer from it.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
Choose a site here for personalized care tips.
Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
The native environment for white mouth dayflower is within a temperature range of 5 to 35 ℃ (41 to 95 ℉). It prefers moderate temperatures, not exceeding 35 ℃ (95 ℉). During summer, it may require a partial shield from the intense sun. In winter, it can tolerate temperatures as low as 5 ℃ (41 ℉), but it is best to maintain it within the ideal temperature range to avoid stress.
Regional wintering strategies
White mouth dayflower has strong cold resistance, so special frost protection measures are usually not necessary during winter. However, if the winter temperatures are expected to drop below {Limit_growth_temperature}, it is still important to provide cold protection. This can be achieved by covering the plant with materials such as soil or straw. Before the first freeze in autumn, it is recommended to water the plant abundantly, ensuring the soil remains moist and enters a frozen state. This helps prevent drought and water scarcity for the plant during winter and early spring.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in White mouth dayflower
White mouth dayflower is cold-tolerant and thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, although there may not be any noticeable changes during winter, there may be a decrease in sprouting or even no sprouting during springtime.
Solutions
In spring, remove any parts that have failed to sprout.
Symptoms of High Temperature in White mouth dayflower
During summer, White mouth dayflower should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the leaves of the plant may become lighter in color, prone to curling, susceptible to sunburn, and in severe cases, the entire plant may wilt and become dry.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
Discover information about plant diseases, toxicity, weed control and more.
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