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Eleocharis
Eleocharis
Eleocharis
Eleocharis
Eleocharis (Eleocharis)
Eleocharis are perennial or annual herbs that are most frequently found in wetlands, with some species specifically cultivated as ornamentals for aquatic gardens. The common name Spikerushes originates from bract-like spikelets that are characteristic of most species of this genus.
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
info

Key Facts About Eleocharis

Attributes of Eleocharis

Leaf type
Deciduous

Scientific Classification of Eleocharis

distribution

Distribution of Eleocharis

Distribution Map of Eleocharis

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
species

Exploring the Eleocharis Plants

8 most common species:
Eleocharis acicularis
Needle spikerush
Needle spikerush (Eleocharis acicularis) is a flowering plant species that grows throughout North America, Asia, South America, and Australia. Needle spikerush grows in marshes and bogs and is also known as the least spikerush. This species is commonly cultivated as an aquatic ornamental plant.
Eleocharis vivipara
Viviparous spikerush
Viviparous spikerush (Eleocharis vivipara) is a perennial grass-like plant that grows in water and on land and will grow from 30 to 91 cm tall. Tall spikes of reddish-brown to purple flowers bloom in spring. Seeds ripen in late summer to early fall. Grows in wetland areas, along streams or in shallow water. Needs full sun.
Eleocharis dulcis
Chinese water chestnut
The edible chinese water chestnut is grown in many countries. Because of its wide cultivation, it is unclear where the plant originates. Chinese water chestnut corms can be eaten raw, boiled, or grilled.
Eleocharis palustris
Common spikerush
Common spikerush grows in wetland parts of North America, Europe, North Africa, and central or northern Asia. Its scientific name is Eleocharis palustris, a name whose meaning is related to its marshland habitat. It is an extremely variable plant with different subspecies.
Eleocharis montevidensis
Sand spikerush
A dense, mat-forming plant, sand spikerush is a widespread coastal plant native to the southern United States and South America. The grass-like leaves are purplish at the base and grow up to 50 cm tall. Sand spikerush likes water and wet soil, so it's often used as an ornamental or aquatic plant in pond gardens.
Eleocharis yokoscensis
Shot-style spikerush
Shot-style spikerush are perennial or annual herbs that are most frequently found in wetlands, with some species specifically cultivated as ornamentals for aquatic gardens. The common name Spikerushes originates from bract-like spikelets that are characteristic of most species of this genus.
Eleocharis obtusa
Blunt spikerush
Blunt spikerush (Eleocharis obtusa) is a grasslike spikesedge that grows on riverbanks and moist forest floors. Its native range extends across Canada and the United States, but it can now be found many other places. Though normally a harmless wild plant, it is considered a weed in rice paddies, where it can outcompete young rice sprouts.
Eleocharis quinqueflora
Few-flowered spike-rush
Eleocharis quinqueflora is a species of spikesedge known by the common names fewflower spikerush and few-flowered spike-rush. It is widespread across Europe, North Africa, northern Asia (Siberia, China, Kazakhstan, Himalayas, etc.), and North America (Canada, Greenland, northern and western US). There are also isolated populations in Argentina and Chile.

All Species of Eleocharis

Needle spikerush
Eleocharis acicularis
Needle spikerush
Needle spikerush (Eleocharis acicularis) is a flowering plant species that grows throughout North America, Asia, South America, and Australia. Needle spikerush grows in marshes and bogs and is also known as the least spikerush. This species is commonly cultivated as an aquatic ornamental plant.
Viviparous spikerush
Eleocharis vivipara
Viviparous spikerush
Viviparous spikerush (Eleocharis vivipara) is a perennial grass-like plant that grows in water and on land and will grow from 30 to 91 cm tall. Tall spikes of reddish-brown to purple flowers bloom in spring. Seeds ripen in late summer to early fall. Grows in wetland areas, along streams or in shallow water. Needs full sun.
Chinese water chestnut
Eleocharis dulcis
Chinese water chestnut
The edible chinese water chestnut is grown in many countries. Because of its wide cultivation, it is unclear where the plant originates. Chinese water chestnut corms can be eaten raw, boiled, or grilled.
Common spikerush
Eleocharis palustris
Common spikerush
Common spikerush grows in wetland parts of North America, Europe, North Africa, and central or northern Asia. Its scientific name is Eleocharis palustris, a name whose meaning is related to its marshland habitat. It is an extremely variable plant with different subspecies.
Sand spikerush
Eleocharis montevidensis
Sand spikerush
A dense, mat-forming plant, sand spikerush is a widespread coastal plant native to the southern United States and South America. The grass-like leaves are purplish at the base and grow up to 50 cm tall. Sand spikerush likes water and wet soil, so it's often used as an ornamental or aquatic plant in pond gardens.
Shot-style spikerush
Eleocharis yokoscensis
Shot-style spikerush
Shot-style spikerush are perennial or annual herbs that are most frequently found in wetlands, with some species specifically cultivated as ornamentals for aquatic gardens. The common name Spikerushes originates from bract-like spikelets that are characteristic of most species of this genus.
Blunt spikerush
Eleocharis obtusa
Blunt spikerush
Blunt spikerush (Eleocharis obtusa) is a grasslike spikesedge that grows on riverbanks and moist forest floors. Its native range extends across Canada and the United States, but it can now be found many other places. Though normally a harmless wild plant, it is considered a weed in rice paddies, where it can outcompete young rice sprouts.
Few-flowered spike-rush
Eleocharis quinqueflora
Few-flowered spike-rush
Eleocharis quinqueflora is a species of spikesedge known by the common names fewflower spikerush and few-flowered spike-rush. It is widespread across Europe, North Africa, northern Asia (Siberia, China, Kazakhstan, Himalayas, etc.), and North America (Canada, Greenland, northern and western US). There are also isolated populations in Argentina and Chile.
Eleocharis wichurae
Eleocharis wichurae
Eleocharis wichurae
Eleocharis wichurae are perennial or annual herbs that are most frequently found in wetlands, with some species specifically cultivated as ornamentals for aquatic gardens. The common name Spikerushes originates from bract-like spikelets that are characteristic of most species of this genus.
Spikerush
Eleocharis congesta
Spikerush
Spikerush are perennial or annual herbs that are most frequently found in wetlands, with some species specifically cultivated as ornamentals for aquatic gardens. The common name Spikerushes originates from bract-like spikelets that are characteristic of most species of this genus.
Mountain spikerush
Eleocharis montana
Mountain spikerush
Mountain spikerush are perennial or annual herbs that are most frequently found in wetlands, with some species specifically cultivated as ornamentals for aquatic gardens. The common name Spikerushes originates from bract-like spikelets that are characteristic of most species of this genus.
Knotted spikerush
Eleocharis interstincta
Knotted spikerush
Knotted spikerush are perennial or annual herbs that are most frequently found in wetlands, with some species specifically cultivated as ornamentals for aquatic gardens. The common name Spikerushes originates from bract-like spikelets that are characteristic of most species of this genus.
popular genus

More Popular Genus

Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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About
Key Facts
Distribution
All Species
More Genus
Eleocharis
Eleocharis
Eleocharis
Eleocharis
Eleocharis
Eleocharis
Eleocharis
Eleocharis
Eleocharis are perennial or annual herbs that are most frequently found in wetlands, with some species specifically cultivated as ornamentals for aquatic gardens. The common name Spikerushes originates from bract-like spikelets that are characteristic of most species of this genus.
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
info

Key Facts About Eleocharis

Attributes of Eleocharis

Leaf type
Deciduous

Scientific Classification of Eleocharis

distribution

Distribution of Eleocharis

Distribution Map of Eleocharis

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
species

Exploring the Eleocharis Plants

8 most common species:
Eleocharis acicularis
Needle spikerush
Needle spikerush (Eleocharis acicularis) is a flowering plant species that grows throughout North America, Asia, South America, and Australia. Needle spikerush grows in marshes and bogs and is also known as the least spikerush. This species is commonly cultivated as an aquatic ornamental plant.
Eleocharis vivipara
Viviparous spikerush
Viviparous spikerush (Eleocharis vivipara) is a perennial grass-like plant that grows in water and on land and will grow from 30 to 91 cm tall. Tall spikes of reddish-brown to purple flowers bloom in spring. Seeds ripen in late summer to early fall. Grows in wetland areas, along streams or in shallow water. Needs full sun.
Eleocharis dulcis
Chinese water chestnut
The edible chinese water chestnut is grown in many countries. Because of its wide cultivation, it is unclear where the plant originates. Chinese water chestnut corms can be eaten raw, boiled, or grilled.
Eleocharis palustris
Common spikerush
Common spikerush grows in wetland parts of North America, Europe, North Africa, and central or northern Asia. Its scientific name is Eleocharis palustris, a name whose meaning is related to its marshland habitat. It is an extremely variable plant with different subspecies.
Show More Species

All Species of Eleocharis

popular genus

More Popular Genus

Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
product icon close
Your Ultimate Guide to Plants
Identify grow and nurture the better way!
product icon
17,000 local species +400,000 global species studied
product icon
Nearly 5 years of research
product icon
80+ scholars in botany and gardening
ad
product icon close
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants
unlimited guides at your fingertips...
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