camera identify
Try for Free
tab list
PictureThis
English
arrow
English
繁體中文
日本語
Español
Français
Deutsch
Pусский
Português
Italiano
한국어
Nederlands
العربية
Svenska
Polskie
ภาษาไทย
Bahasa Melayu
Bahasa Indonesia
PictureThis
Search
Search Plants
Try for Free
Global
English
English
繁體中文
日本語
Español
Français
Deutsch
Pусский
Português
Italiano
한국어
Nederlands
العربية
Svenska
Polskie
ภาษาไทย
Bahasa Melayu
Bahasa Indonesia
This page looks better in the app
about about
About
care_guide care_guide
Care Guide
topic topic
Care FAQ
plant_info plant_info
More Info
pests pests
Pests & Diseases
distribution_map distribution_map
Distribution
care_scenes care_scenes
More About How-Tos
more_plants more_plants
Related Plants
pic top
Wallflower
Wallflower
Wallflower
Wallflower
Wallflower
Wallflower
Wallflower
Erysimum cheiri
Also known as : Garden wallflower
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Fall
care guide

Care Guide for Wallflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Watering Care
Watering Care
Details on Watering Care Watering Care
Soil Care
Soil Care
Sand, Loam, Chalky, Clay
Details on Soil Care Soil Care
Ideal Lighting
Ideal Lighting
Full sun, Partial sun
Details on Sunlight Requirements Ideal Lighting
Ideal Temperature
Ideal Temperature
6 to 9
Details on Temperature Ideal Temperature
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Fall
Details on Planting Time Planting Time
care guide bg
Know the light your plants really get.
Find the best spots for them to optimize their health, simply using your phone.
Download the App
Picture This
A Botanist in Your Pocket
qrcode
Scan QR code to download
label
cover
Wallflower
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full sun
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
6 to 9
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Fall
question

Questions About Wallflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Wallflower?
When watering the Wallflower, you should aim to use filtered water that is at room temperature. Filtered water is better for this plant, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to its health. The reason that the water should be at room temperature or slightly warmer is that the Wallflower comes from a warm environment, and cold water can be somewhat of a shock to its system. Also, you should avoid overhead watering for this plant, as it can cause foliage complications. Instead, simply apply your filtered room temperature water to the soil until the soil is entirely soaked. Soaking the soil can be very beneficial for this plant as it moistens the roots and helps them continue to spread through the soil and collect the nutrients they need.
Read More more
What should I do if I water my Wallflower too much or too little?
Both overwatering and underwatering will be detrimental to the health of your Wallflower, but overwatering is a far more common issue. When this species receives too much water, its stems and leaves may begin to wilt and turn from green to yellow. Overwatering over a prolonged period may also lead to diseases such as root rot, mold, and mildew, all of which can kill your plant. Underwatering is far less common for the Wallflower, as this plant has decent drought tolerance. However, underwatering remains a possibility, and when it occurs, you can expect to find that the leaves of your Wallflower have become brittle and brown. It is crucial that you notice the signs of overwatering as soon as possible when caring for your Wallflower. Some of the diseases that arise from overwatering, such as root rot, may not be correctable if you wait too long. If you see early signs of overwatering, you should reduce your watering schedule immediately. You may also want to assess the quality of soil in which your Wallflower grows. If you find that the soil drains very poorly, you should replace it immediately with a loose, well-draining potting mix. On the other hand, if you find signs that your Wallflower is receiving too little water, all you need to do is water more regularly until those signs have subsided.
Read More more
How often should I water my Wallflower?
If your plant is in a pot. The most precise way to decide whether your Wallflower needs water is to plunge your finger into the soil. If you notice that the first two to three inches of soil have become dry, it is time to add some water. If you grow your Wallflower outdoors in the ground, you can use a similar method to test the soil. Again, when you find that the first few inches of soil have dried out, it is time to add water. During the spring and early fall, this method will often lead you to water this plant about once every week. When extremely hot weather arrives, you may need to increase your watering frequency to about twice or more per week. With that said, mature, well-established the Wallflower can show an admirable ability to withstand drought.
Read More more
How much water does my Wallflower need?
When it comes time to water your Wallflower, you should not be shy about how much water you give. With the first two to three inches of soil dry, this plant will appreciate a long and thorough watering. Supply enough water to soak the soil entirely. The amount of water you add should be enough to cause excess water to flow through the drainage holes at the bottom of your pot. If you don’t see excess water draining from the pot, you have likely underwatered your plant. But do not let the water accumulate inside the soil, which will be very dangerous to the plant as well. Alternatively, a lack of water draining through the pot could indicate poorly draining soils, which is detrimental to the health of this plant and should be avoided. If the plant is outside, 1 inch of rain per week will be sufficient.
Read More more
How should I water my Wallflower at different growth stages?
The water needs of the Wallflower can change depending on growth stages as well. For example, when your Wallflower is in the first few years of its life, or if you have just transplanted it to a new growing location, you will need to give more water than usual. During both of those stages, your Wallflower will put a lot of energy towards sprouting new roots that will then support future growth. For those roots to perform their best, they need a bit more moisture than they would at a more mature phase. After a few seasons, your Wallflower will need much less water. Another growth stage in which this plant may need more water is during the bloom period. Flower development can make use of a significant amount of moisture, which is why you might need to give your Wallflower more water at this time.
Read More more
How should I water my Wallflower through the seasons?
The Wallflower will have its highest water needs during the hottest months of the year. During the height of summer, you may need to give this plant water more than once per week, depending on how fast the soil dries out. The opposite is true during the winter. In winter, your plant will enter a dormant phase, in which it will need far less water than usual. In fact, you may not need to water this plant at all during the winter months. However, if you do water during winter, you should not do so more than about once per month. Watering too much at this time will make it more likely that your Wallflower will contract a disease.
Read More more
What's the difference between watering my Wallflower indoors and outdoors?
It is most common to grow the Wallflower indoors for any gardener that does not live in temperate and tropical regions. Those gardeners should consider the fact that soil in a container can dry out a bit faster than ground soil. Also, the presence of drying elements such as air conditioning units can cause your Wallflower to need water on a more frequent basis as well. if you planted it outside. When that is the case, it’s likely you won’t need to water your Wallflower very much at all. If you receive rainfall on a regular basis, that may be enough to keep your plant alive. Alternatively, those who grow this plant inside will need to water it more often, as allowing rainwater to soak the soil will not be an option.
Read More more
icon
Get tips and tricks for your plants.
Keep your plants happy and healthy with our guide to watering, lighting, feeding and more.
close
plant_info

Key Facts About Wallflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback

Attributes of Wallflower

Lifespan
Perennial, Biennial, Annual
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
Spring, Fall
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer
Plant Height
15 cm to 80 cm
Spread
50 cm
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
2 cm to 2.5 cm
Flower Color
Orange
Red
White
Yellow
Purple
Stem Color
Green
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 35 ℃
Growth Season
Spring
Growth Rate
Moderate

Name story

Wallflower||Garden wallflower

Usages

Garden Use

Trivia and Interesting Facts

Scientific Classification of Wallflower

icon
Find your perfect green friends.
Plan your green oasis based on your criteria: plant type, pet safety, skill level, sites, and more.
pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Wallflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Common issues for Wallflower based on 10 million real cases
icon
Treat and prevent plant diseases.
AI-powered plant doctor helps you diagnose plant problems in seconds.
Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing is a common disease affecting Wallflower, characterized by the discoloration of foliage, potentially leading to reduced growth and bloom. This generalized symptom could indicate several underlying issues, often environmental or pathogenic.
Wilting after blooming
Wilting after blooming Wilting after blooming
Wilting after blooming
Flowers may wither for a variety of reasons.
Solutions: Check the soil or potting medium. Coarse textures can allow water to drain too rapidly, preventing the plant from taking up enough. If the soil and roots seem very dry, add sphagnum moss or other mediums that hold water. Water according to recommendations for each plant's species. Low humidity can be corrected by misting the plant regularly or placing it near a humidifier. Keeping it near other plants helps, too. Keep the environment consistent in terms of temperature, humidity, and lighting. Keep it away from vents, heaters, and air conditioners, and avoid moving it to locations where it will experience a temperature shock. Hot, dry heat, and cold drafts are problematic for many plants. Especially if the plant is outside, it could be experiencing heat or light stress. Try moving it to a shadier location.
Flower withering
Flower withering Flower withering
Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Solutions: If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible. For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface. In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well. If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Solutions: For less serious cases: Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread. To treat more serious infestations: Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Solutions: Bacterial infections need to be treated quickly to prevent the spread to neighboring, healthy plants, potentially wiping out large sections of your indoor or outdoor garden. In mild cases: Use sterilized (10% bleach solution) pruning shears or scissors to remove any infected plant parts, making sure to dispose of them off site. Use a copper-based bactericide to treat the unaffected foliage, as well as the soil, and neighboring plants. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label. In severe cases, where more than half the leaves are affected: Remove all of the infected plants from the garden, disposing of them off site. Treat the soil and neighboring plants using a copper-based bactericide. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
close
plant poor
Leaf yellowing
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf yellowing Disease on Wallflower?
What is Leaf yellowing Disease on Wallflower?
Leaf yellowing is a common disease affecting Wallflower, characterized by the discoloration of foliage, potentially leading to reduced growth and bloom. This generalized symptom could indicate several underlying issues, often environmental or pathogenic.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
On Wallflower, leaves develop yellow patches or turn completely yellow, possibly coupled with wilting. The yellowing begins on older leaves and may spread to younger ones. Flowering can be diminished.
What Causes Leaf yellowing Disease on Wallflower?
What Causes Leaf yellowing Disease on Wallflower?
1
Nutrient deficiency
Insufficient supply of essential nutrients, particularly nitrogen, can cause leaf chlorosis.
2
Water stress
Over- or under-watering can disrupt the plant's ability to uptake nutrients, causing yellowing.
3
Pest infestation
Insects like aphids can cause yellowing by extracting sap and transmitting viruses.
4
Diseases
Fungal, bacterial, or viral pathogens can infect Wallflower, leading to yellowing symptoms.
5
Environmental stress
Extreme temperatures, poor soil drainage, and inadequate sunlight can trigger yellowing.
How to Treat Leaf yellowing Disease on Wallflower?
How to Treat Leaf yellowing Disease on Wallflower?
1
Non pesticide
Proper irrigation: Establish a consistent watering schedule to prevent water stress-induced yellowing.

Nutrient management: Apply balanced fertilizers to address nutrient deficiencies.

Cultural practices: Optimize light exposure and soil conditions to reduce environmental stressors.

Pest removal: Manually remove visible pests and use natural predators to control pest populations.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide application: Use targeted fungicides if fungal diseases are diagnosed.

Insecticide use: Apply appropriate insecticides to manage pest infestations.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants and unlimited guides at your fingertips...
qrcode
Scan the QR code with your phone camera to download the app
Wilting after blooming
plant poor
Wilting after blooming
Flowers may wither for a variety of reasons.
Overview
Overview
Wilting after blooming is sometimes a natural aging process of the flower, while other times it may indicate a problem. Orchids, for example, can bloom for anywhere from two weeks to three months, so wilting after a few days signals a problem for most varieties. This can happen to virtually any ornamental flowering plant, but those with shallow roots and limited tolerance for drought, full sun, and low humidity are more susceptible.
This is a common problem, and often has an easy fix. Sometimes, however, it is the result of more serious causes such as pests or disease of the root system.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  • At first, flowers may look a little limp.
  • Petals may start to appear dried out and turn brown.
  • Eventually they may drop off the plant all together.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Wilting blooms can be a sign of an unhealthy root system. Any condition that prevents the plant from absorbing enough water and nutrition can result in wilting blooms and sometimes other symptoms. If the plant doesn’t have enough water, it cannot maintain appropriate pressure within stems, leaves, and blooms, causing them to wilt.
This can result from physical damage – for example from root breakage during re-potting or attack by insects like cutworms. If you recently re-potted your plant, physical damage to the roots is a likely cause. If you see insects, they may be eating leaves, roots, or flowers. Fungal infections can also cause root rot and damage, preventing water and nutrient uptake.
Finally, wilting blooms can result simply from age. If no other symptoms are visible, it may simply signal the natural end of the flower’s lifespan. If it seems premature, this may be caused by environmental factors: water, humidity, light, or stress. Under-watering is a common cause. Similarly, plants adapted to high humidity dry out easily when humidity is low, like during winter or in dry climates. Too much light can also stress plants that need shade, causing blooms to wilt.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants and unlimited guides at your fingertips...
qrcode
Scan the QR code with your phone camera to download the app
Flower withering
plant poor
Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Overview
Overview
Flower withering occurs when flowers become weak, droopy, wilted, or faded until they can’t be revived. During withering, they begin to wrinkle and shrink until the flower becomes completely dry or dead.
Any flowers, regardless of the plant type or the climate they are grown in, are susceptible to withering. It is a worldwide problem across houseplants, herbs, flowering ornamentals, trees, shrubs, garden vegetables, and food crops.
Unlike wilting—which withering is often confused with—withering can be caused by different things and is often due to more than a lack of water. Withering can be fatal in severe cases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Flower withering progresses from very mild cases to severe occurrences that kill the flower. The severity of the symptoms is related to the cause and how long the condition is allowed to progress before action is taken.
  • Wilted, droopy flowers
  • Petals and leaves begin to wrinkle
  • Brown papery streaks or spots appear on the petals and leaf tips
  • Flowerhead shrink in size
  • Petal color fades
  • Yellowing leaves
  • Complete death of the flower
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The main causes of flower withering include natural age progress, lack of water, nutritional deficiencies, and bacterial or fungal diseases. It’s critical to determine the underlying cause when flower withering is noticed. This will guide the best course of action, if treatment is possible.
Check the soil for moisture and then closely examine the entire plant for signs of nutrient deficiencies. If neither of those appears to be the cause then cut open the stem below a flower. If a cross-section reveals brown or rust-colored stains it is safe to assume that this is a bacterial or fungal infection.
If the flower is nearing the end of its normal lifespan, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence, or cell aging and death. Cell division stops and the plant begins breaking down resources within the flower to use in other parts of the plant.
In all other cases, flower withering happens when the plant seals off the stem as a defense mechanism, stopping transport within the vascular system. This prevents further water loss through the flowers but also stops bacteria and fungi from moving to healthy parts of the plant. Once water and nutrient transport stops, the flower begins to wither and ultimately die.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants and unlimited guides at your fingertips...
qrcode
Scan the QR code with your phone camera to download the app
Leaf beetles
plant poor
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Overview
Overview
Leaf beetles range in size from 1.5 mm to 2 cm. Both adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of many different types of plants. There are over 35,000 different species of leaf beetles, in a variety of colors including gold, green, yellow-striped, and red striped. Some of these have been mistaken for ladybirds because of their shape and coloring. They can be oval, round, or elongated in shape. These insect pests are most active in spring and summer.
If not controlled, leaf beetles can do a lot of damage to vegetable crops and ornamental plants. They feed on the leaves, flowers, stems, roots, and fruits of different plants. They can fly, which means it's easy for them to move from one plant to another. Some species of leaf beetles only target one specific crop, while others will target many different types of plants. Although a lot of the damage that they cause is cosmetic, an infestation can weaken a plant and leave it prone to other more problematic diseases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The first signs of a leaf beetles infestation are small visible holes in leaves. Leaves then become discolored and dark beetle droppings can be seen. As the leaves turn yellow and brown, they will drop off the plant onto the ground. Some leaves will appear skeletonized with only the veins still remaining.
Infestation begins in spring, when the adult beetles emerge from the soil and lay their eggs on the leaves of plants. When these eggs hatch, the young nymphs start munching on the leaves as they grow up. Once leaf beetles are large and mature, they'll fall to the ground and pupate in the soil over winter before starting the cycle all over again.
Leaf beetles also eat holes in fruits and vegetables. These can be seen as small round holes that sometimes have a larger brown area surrounding them.
Solutions
Solutions
For less serious cases:
  1. Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread.
To treat more serious infestations:
  1. Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions.
  2. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants and unlimited guides at your fingertips...
qrcode
Scan the QR code with your phone camera to download the app
Leaf rot
plant poor
Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Overview
Overview
Leaf rot is very common among both house plants and garden plants. It affects foliage and occurs mainly when the leaves become wet due to rain or misting by the gardener. The cause is fungal disease and this is facilitated by the fungal spores adhering to wet leaves then penetrating the leaf and expanding rapidly. Damp conditions and poor air circulation will increase chances of infection taking place. Another factor are leaves that are damaged or have been penetrated by sap sucking insects that facilitate plant penetration.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  1. Spores are able to cling to a damp leaf and penetrate, often through an existing wound.
  2. A small dark brown mark appears which expands rapidly as sporulation starts to take place.
  3. Quite quickly these bull's eye like circles can link together and the whole leaf turns dark and loses texture.
  4. Leaf drop occurs.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
These symptoms are caused by a bacterial infection invading the plant. Bacteria from many sources in the environment (air, water, soil, diseased plants) enter a plant through wounds, or in some cases the stomata when they are open. Once inside the leaf tissue, the bacteria feed and reproduce quickly, breaking down healthy leaves.
Bacterial infections threaten most plant species, and are more prominent in wet weather that more easily transfers the bacteria from plant to plant, or from soil to plant.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants and unlimited guides at your fingertips...
qrcode
Scan the QR code with your phone camera to download the app
distribution

Distribution of Wallflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback

Habitat of Wallflower

Walls, cliffs and rocks.
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Wallflower

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
care_scenes

More Info on Wallflower Growth and Care

feedback
Feedback
Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
Explore More
Lighting
Full sun
Wallflower thrives better when sited where it can receive abundant light, yet has the adaptability to endure locations with moderate light intensity. Originating from environments where sun exposure is substantial, too little light may inhibit its healthy growth while too much can cause harm.
Best Sunlight Practices
Transplant
1-2 feet
Optimally, reposition wallflower as dawn breaks on the growing season, ideally early to mid-spring, ensuring they thrive in sunlight and sheltered spots. Gentle handling is key to safeguard their delicate roots during this crucial move.
Transplant Techniques
Temperature
0 - 38 ℃
Wallflower is accustomed to a moderate environment with temperatures between 68 to 95 °F (20 to 35 ℃). Originally thrived in milder climates, it prefers warmer conditions. Essential seasonal temperature adjustments may be required to mimic its native habitat.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Pruning
All year around
Beloved for its vibrant and fragrant blossoms, wallflower thrives in sunny locations. Regular deadheading encourages further blooming and maintains aesthetics. Prune out any spent flower stems and remove dead or damaged foliage to promote healthy growth. For this species, light pruning can be performed throughout the year to shape the plant and ensure vigorous flowering seasons. Avoid heavy pruning, which can stress wallflower. Pruning benefits include improved air circulation, pest reduction, and enhanced plant vigor.
Pruning techniques
Propagation
Spring,Summer
Wallflower is a vibrant, perennial plant renowned for its richly fragrant blooms that grace gardens with a kaleidoscope of colors. To propagate wallflower, stem cuttings are an effective approach. Choose healthy, non-flowering stems and clip sections about 6-10 cm in length. Strip the lower leaves and dip the cut end in a rooting hormone to enhance root growth. Plant the cuttings in a well-drained, sandy potting mix and maintain consistent moisture without waterlogging. Covering with a plastic bag can create a greenhouse effect, fostering ideal humidity levels for root development. Ensure the cuttings receive bright, indirect light until established, then gradually acclimate to outside conditions before transplanting.
Propagation Techniques
Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing is a common disease affecting Wallflower, characterized by the discoloration of foliage, potentially leading to reduced growth and bloom. This generalized symptom could indicate several underlying issues, often environmental or pathogenic.
Read More
Soil fungus
Soil fungus affecting Wallflower results in root and stem infections, impairing plant growth and vitality. This disease often leads to severe decline or plant death, particularly impacting aesthetics and longevity in garden settings.
Read More
Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering is a physiological disorder that affects Wallflower by causing the leaf tips to shrivel and die, leading to decreased photosynthesis and a decline in plant health. The disorder is typically brought on by unsuitable environmental conditions, but could also be instigated by pathogenic infection.
Read More
Leaf wilting
Leaf wilting is a common ailment in Wallflower characterized by drooping and discoloration, which can lead to reduced vigor and potentially plant death if untreated. The disease hinders photosynthesis and nutrient transport.
Read More
Black mold
Black mold is a fungal disease that causes significant damage to Wallflower, leading to leaf discoloration and potential plant death. The disease thrives in damp, poorly ventilated areas.
Read More
Non-base branch withering
Non-base branch withering affects Wallflower by causing rapid withering of its branches, leading to premature loss of flowers and foliar deterioration, critically impacting ornamental value and vigor.
Read More
White blotch
White blotch is a fungal disease affecting Wallflower, characterized by white patches on leaves and weakening of the plant. This disease can significantly reduce the aesthetic and health quality of Wallflower.
Read More
Whole leaf withering
Whole leaf withering is a disease impacting Wallflower, leading to wilted foliage, impaired growth, and potentially plant death if left untreated. It is emblematic of underlying issues often related to cultural or environmental factors.
Read More
Dark spots
Dark spots disease significantly affects Wallflower, causing aesthetic damage and potentially reducing vigor. Crucial details include symptom recognition, active periods, and effective treatment options.
Read More
Spots
Spots are a common disease affecting Wallflower, leading to disfiguration and health deterioration. This disease can hinder growth, reduce flowering, and ultimately shorten the plant's lifespan.
Read More
Stem rot
Stem rot is a destructive disease affecting Wallflower, leading to wilted foliage, stem decay, and potential plant death. It compromises vascular functions and can spread through a crop.
Read More
Dark blotch
Dark blotch is a fungal disease impacting Wallflower, causing significant damage, especially during wet weather. It produces large, dark brown to black spots on leaves and stems leading to plant death if left untreated.
Read More
Mushrooms
The disease 'Mushrooms' moderately affects the plant Wallflower, causing discoloration, stunted growth, and blighted blooms. This disease tends to occur in damp, poorly drained conditions and can spread through contaminated soil.
Read More
Leaf blotch
Leaf blotch is a fungal disease impacting Wallflower, leading to discolored foliage and reduced vigor. The disease can be detrimental to the plant's health and aesthetic value.
Read More
Yellow edges
Yellow edges disease causes chlorosis in Wallflower, leading to aesthetically unpleasant foliage and potentially reduced vigor. Control is vital for maintaining ornamental value and plant health.
Read More
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that can severely impact the health of Wallflower. This disease causes leaf discoloration, decay and can lead to plant death if not properly managed. It's infectious and moderately lethal for Wallflower.
Read More
Branch withering
Branch withering is a disease causing significant damage to Wallflower, leading to withered branches and reduced flowering. Prevalent in humid conditions, it can drastically affect plant health and aesthetic value.
Read More
Notch
Notch disease, affecting Wallflower, manifests as distortions and discolored notches on leaves, severely impacting the plant's aesthetic value and vigor. This disease is caused by biotic factors, prevalent in warm and moist conditions.
Read More
Scars
Scars, a condition affecting the plant Wallflower, manifests as physical blemishes that harm its aesthetic and sometimes physiological health, impacting growth and bloom viability.
Read More
Feng shui direction
South
The wallflower holds commendable compatibility in Feng Shui, exuding an aura of vibrant energy. With its fiery colors, it complements a South-facing direction, the element of which in Feng Shui is Fire, symbolizing recognition and fame. Yet, every interpretation of Feng Shui is clouded by the observer's personal lens.
Fengshui Details
other_plant

Plants Related to Wallflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Crepe myrtle
Crepe myrtle
Crepe myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica) is a highly ornamental small tropical tree or shrub, often multi-stemmed. It is native to India, Southeastern Asia, and Japan, and features a characteristic vase-shaped crown and beautifully-ruffled pink blooms that can last from early summer to autumn. It is also a popular nesting shrub for small birds.
Mexican mint
Mexican mint
Not truly in the Oregano family, mexican mint or Coleus amboinicus is actually a perennial succulent from the mint family that is used for the same culinary purposes as oregano. Although it is often grown as a houseplant, mexican mint can be grown in the garden in warm weather. The flavor is exceptionally strong, so use a moderate amount of mexican mint when cooking.
Turkey berry
Turkey berry
The Solanum torvum is a spiny and erect perennial plant that produces white, tubular flowers followed by edible berries. The berries are bitter in taste and often used in soups and sauces.
Old man's beard
Old man's beard
Old man's beard (Clematis vitalba) is a deciduous climbing shrub that will grow to 12 m tall. It blooms with fluffy flowers and fruits that have long silky strands that look like the wispy beard of an old man. This plant is a food source for a variety of moths. Often seen scrambling over hedgerows, it is considered a noxious weed, especially in New Zealand. Evidence suggests ancient Europeans made rope and baskets with old man's beard.
Hairy clustervine
Hairy clustervine
Hairy clustervine (Jacquemontia tamnifolia) is an annual sprawling vine that can grow to 30 cm tall and 3.5 m long. Heart-shaped foliage with delicate sky-blue flowers that bloom in summer. Flowers form clusters that last only a day as blossoms are replaced with fuzzy seed capsules. Considered a weed and not recommended for cultivation.
Woodbine
Woodbine
Woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea) is a plant species native to the United States. This plant species attracts tumbling flower beetles and sweat bees. These insects collect pollen from its flowers.
Poison ivy
Poison ivy
In pop culture, poison ivy is a symbol of an obnoxious weed because, despite its unthreatening looks, it gives a highly unpleasant contact rash to the unfortunate person who touches it. Still, it is commonly eaten by many animals, and the seeds are a favorite with birds. The leaves turn bright red in fall. Its sister species, Western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii), is not considered to be invasive in the United States, but is noxious in Australia and New Zealand.
Pokeweed
Pokeweed
Although its berries look juicy and tempting, the fruits and the root of pokeweed are toxic and should not be eaten. Pokeweed is considered a pest species by farmers but is nevertheless often grown as an ornamental plant. Its berries can be made into pokeberry ink as well.
View More Plants
close
product icon
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants and unlimited guides at your fingertips...
Your Ultimate Guide to Plants
Identify grow and nurture the better way!
product icon
17,000 local species +400,000 global species studied
product icon
Nearly 5 years of research
product icon
80+ scholars in botany and gardening
ad
ad
Botanist in your pocket
Scan the QR code with your phone camera to download the app
About
Care Guide
Care FAQ
More Info
Pests & Diseases
Distribution
More About How-Tos
Related Plants
Wallflower
Wallflower
Wallflower
Wallflower
Wallflower
Wallflower
Wallflower
Erysimum cheiri
Also known as: Garden wallflower
Planting Time
Planting Time
Spring, Fall
icon
Instantly identify plants with a snap
Snap a photo for instant plant ID, gaining quick insights on disease prevention, treatment, toxicity, care, uses, and symbolism, etc.
Download the App for Free
care guide

Care Guide for Wallflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback
icon
Know the light your plants really get.
Find the best spots for them to optimize their health, simply using your phone.
Download the App for Free
close
bg bg
download btn
Download
question

Questions About Wallflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Wallflower?
more
What should I do if I water my Wallflower too much or too little?
more
How often should I water my Wallflower?
more
How much water does my Wallflower need?
more
How should I water my Wallflower at different growth stages?
more
How should I water my Wallflower through the seasons?
more
What's the difference between watering my Wallflower indoors and outdoors?
more
icon
Get tips and tricks for your plants.
Keep your plants happy and healthy with our guide to watering, lighting, feeding and more.
Download the App for Free
close
plant_info

Key Facts About Wallflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback

Attributes of Wallflower

Lifespan
Perennial, Biennial, Annual
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
Spring, Fall
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer
Plant Height
15 cm to 80 cm
Spread
50 cm
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
2 cm to 2.5 cm
Flower Color
Orange
Red
White
Yellow
Purple
Stem Color
Green
Dormancy
Winter dormancy
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 35 ℃
Growth Season
Spring
Growth Rate
Moderate
icon
Gain more valuable plant knowledge
Explore a rich botanical encyclopedia for deeper insights
Download the App for Free

Name story

Wallflower||Garden wallflower

Usages

Garden Use

Trivia and Interesting Facts

Scientific Classification of Wallflower

icon
Never miss a care task again!
Plant care made easier than ever with our tailor-made smart care reminder.
Download the App for Free
pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Wallflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Common issues for Wallflower based on 10 million real cases
icon
Plant disease auto-diagnose & prevention
AI-powered plant doctor helps you diagnose plant problems in seconds.
Download the App for Free
Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing is a common disease affecting Wallflower, characterized by the discoloration of foliage, potentially leading to reduced growth and bloom. This generalized symptom could indicate several underlying issues, often environmental or pathogenic.
Learn More About the Leaf yellowing more
Wilting after blooming
Wilting after blooming Wilting after blooming Wilting after blooming
Flowers may wither for a variety of reasons.
Solutions: Check the soil or potting medium. Coarse textures can allow water to drain too rapidly, preventing the plant from taking up enough. If the soil and roots seem very dry, add sphagnum moss or other mediums that hold water. Water according to recommendations for each plant's species. Low humidity can be corrected by misting the plant regularly or placing it near a humidifier. Keeping it near other plants helps, too. Keep the environment consistent in terms of temperature, humidity, and lighting. Keep it away from vents, heaters, and air conditioners, and avoid moving it to locations where it will experience a temperature shock. Hot, dry heat, and cold drafts are problematic for many plants. Especially if the plant is outside, it could be experiencing heat or light stress. Try moving it to a shadier location.
Learn More About the Wilting after blooming more
Flower withering
Flower withering Flower withering Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Solutions: If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible. For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface. In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well. If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
Learn More About the Flower withering more
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles Leaf beetles Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Solutions: For less serious cases: Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread. To treat more serious infestations: Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Learn More About the Leaf beetles more
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Solutions: Bacterial infections need to be treated quickly to prevent the spread to neighboring, healthy plants, potentially wiping out large sections of your indoor or outdoor garden. In mild cases: Use sterilized (10% bleach solution) pruning shears or scissors to remove any infected plant parts, making sure to dispose of them off site. Use a copper-based bactericide to treat the unaffected foliage, as well as the soil, and neighboring plants. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label. In severe cases, where more than half the leaves are affected: Remove all of the infected plants from the garden, disposing of them off site. Treat the soil and neighboring plants using a copper-based bactericide. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
Learn More About the Leaf rot more
close
plant poor
Leaf yellowing
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Leaf yellowing Disease on Wallflower?
What is Leaf yellowing Disease on Wallflower?
Leaf yellowing is a common disease affecting Wallflower, characterized by the discoloration of foliage, potentially leading to reduced growth and bloom. This generalized symptom could indicate several underlying issues, often environmental or pathogenic.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
On Wallflower, leaves develop yellow patches or turn completely yellow, possibly coupled with wilting. The yellowing begins on older leaves and may spread to younger ones. Flowering can be diminished.
What Causes Leaf yellowing Disease on Wallflower?
What Causes Leaf yellowing Disease on Wallflower?
1
Nutrient deficiency
Insufficient supply of essential nutrients, particularly nitrogen, can cause leaf chlorosis.
2
Water stress
Over- or under-watering can disrupt the plant's ability to uptake nutrients, causing yellowing.
3
Pest infestation
Insects like aphids can cause yellowing by extracting sap and transmitting viruses.
4
Diseases
Fungal, bacterial, or viral pathogens can infect Wallflower, leading to yellowing symptoms.
5
Environmental stress
Extreme temperatures, poor soil drainage, and inadequate sunlight can trigger yellowing.
How to Treat Leaf yellowing Disease on Wallflower?
How to Treat Leaf yellowing Disease on Wallflower?
1
Non pesticide
Proper irrigation: Establish a consistent watering schedule to prevent water stress-induced yellowing.

Nutrient management: Apply balanced fertilizers to address nutrient deficiencies.

Cultural practices: Optimize light exposure and soil conditions to reduce environmental stressors.

Pest removal: Manually remove visible pests and use natural predators to control pest populations.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide application: Use targeted fungicides if fungal diseases are diagnosed.

Insecticide use: Apply appropriate insecticides to manage pest infestations.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants
unlimited guides at your fingertips...
close
Wilting after blooming
plant poor
Wilting after blooming
Flowers may wither for a variety of reasons.
Overview
Overview
Wilting after blooming is sometimes a natural aging process of the flower, while other times it may indicate a problem. Orchids, for example, can bloom for anywhere from two weeks to three months, so wilting after a few days signals a problem for most varieties. This can happen to virtually any ornamental flowering plant, but those with shallow roots and limited tolerance for drought, full sun, and low humidity are more susceptible.
This is a common problem, and often has an easy fix. Sometimes, however, it is the result of more serious causes such as pests or disease of the root system.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  • At first, flowers may look a little limp.
  • Petals may start to appear dried out and turn brown.
  • Eventually they may drop off the plant all together.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Wilting blooms can be a sign of an unhealthy root system. Any condition that prevents the plant from absorbing enough water and nutrition can result in wilting blooms and sometimes other symptoms. If the plant doesn’t have enough water, it cannot maintain appropriate pressure within stems, leaves, and blooms, causing them to wilt.
This can result from physical damage – for example from root breakage during re-potting or attack by insects like cutworms. If you recently re-potted your plant, physical damage to the roots is a likely cause. If you see insects, they may be eating leaves, roots, or flowers. Fungal infections can also cause root rot and damage, preventing water and nutrient uptake.
Finally, wilting blooms can result simply from age. If no other symptoms are visible, it may simply signal the natural end of the flower’s lifespan. If it seems premature, this may be caused by environmental factors: water, humidity, light, or stress. Under-watering is a common cause. Similarly, plants adapted to high humidity dry out easily when humidity is low, like during winter or in dry climates. Too much light can also stress plants that need shade, causing blooms to wilt.
Solutions
Solutions
  • Check the soil or potting medium. Coarse textures can allow water to drain too rapidly, preventing the plant from taking up enough. If the soil and roots seem very dry, add sphagnum moss or other mediums that hold water.
  • Water according to recommendations for each plant's species.
  • Low humidity can be corrected by misting the plant regularly or placing it near a humidifier. Keeping it near other plants helps, too.
  • Keep the environment consistent in terms of temperature, humidity, and lighting. Keep it away from vents, heaters, and air conditioners, and avoid moving it to locations where it will experience a temperature shock. Hot, dry heat, and cold drafts are problematic for many plants.
  • Especially if the plant is outside, it could be experiencing heat or light stress. Try moving it to a shadier location.
Prevention
Prevention
  • Read up on moisture, light, and soil type preferences for each plant to avoid underwatering, incorrect light levels, or other conditions that can cause wilting blooms.
  • Avoid re-potting during the flowering period. This causes additional stress on the plants because they need to repair root damage and adapt to the new micro-environment, all of which can result in wilting.
  • One other potential cause is ethylene gas, a plant hormone related to ripening. Some fruits and vegetables emit ethylene, especially bananas. Apples, grapes, melons, avocados, and potatoes can also give it off, so keep flowering plants away from fresh produce.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants
unlimited guides at your fingertips...
close
Flower withering
plant poor
Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Overview
Overview
Flower withering occurs when flowers become weak, droopy, wilted, or faded until they can’t be revived. During withering, they begin to wrinkle and shrink until the flower becomes completely dry or dead.
Any flowers, regardless of the plant type or the climate they are grown in, are susceptible to withering. It is a worldwide problem across houseplants, herbs, flowering ornamentals, trees, shrubs, garden vegetables, and food crops.
Unlike wilting—which withering is often confused with—withering can be caused by different things and is often due to more than a lack of water. Withering can be fatal in severe cases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Flower withering progresses from very mild cases to severe occurrences that kill the flower. The severity of the symptoms is related to the cause and how long the condition is allowed to progress before action is taken.
  • Wilted, droopy flowers
  • Petals and leaves begin to wrinkle
  • Brown papery streaks or spots appear on the petals and leaf tips
  • Flowerhead shrink in size
  • Petal color fades
  • Yellowing leaves
  • Complete death of the flower
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The main causes of flower withering include natural age progress, lack of water, nutritional deficiencies, and bacterial or fungal diseases. It’s critical to determine the underlying cause when flower withering is noticed. This will guide the best course of action, if treatment is possible.
Check the soil for moisture and then closely examine the entire plant for signs of nutrient deficiencies. If neither of those appears to be the cause then cut open the stem below a flower. If a cross-section reveals brown or rust-colored stains it is safe to assume that this is a bacterial or fungal infection.
If the flower is nearing the end of its normal lifespan, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence, or cell aging and death. Cell division stops and the plant begins breaking down resources within the flower to use in other parts of the plant.
In all other cases, flower withering happens when the plant seals off the stem as a defense mechanism, stopping transport within the vascular system. This prevents further water loss through the flowers but also stops bacteria and fungi from moving to healthy parts of the plant. Once water and nutrient transport stops, the flower begins to wither and ultimately die.
Solutions
Solutions
If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface.
In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well.
If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
Prevention
Prevention
This is definitely one of those instances where prevention is more effective than cure. Here are some preventative measures for avoiding premature flower withering.
  • Water plants according to their needs -- either keep the soil slightly moist or allow the top inch or two to dry out before watering again.
  • Fertilize lightly on a consistent basis, depending upon the plant’s growth. Quick-growing plants and those that flower or develop fruit will need more frequent fertilizing than slow-growing plants.
  • Purchase plants that are certified disease- or pathogen-free.
  • Look for disease-resistant cultivars.
  • Isolate plants showing disease symptoms to prevent the spread to neighboring plants.
  • Practice good plant hygiene by removing any fallen plant material as soon as possible.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants
unlimited guides at your fingertips...
close
Leaf beetles
plant poor
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Overview
Overview
Leaf beetles range in size from 1.5 mm to 2 cm. Both adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of many different types of plants. There are over 35,000 different species of leaf beetles, in a variety of colors including gold, green, yellow-striped, and red striped. Some of these have been mistaken for ladybirds because of their shape and coloring. They can be oval, round, or elongated in shape. These insect pests are most active in spring and summer.
If not controlled, leaf beetles can do a lot of damage to vegetable crops and ornamental plants. They feed on the leaves, flowers, stems, roots, and fruits of different plants. They can fly, which means it's easy for them to move from one plant to another. Some species of leaf beetles only target one specific crop, while others will target many different types of plants. Although a lot of the damage that they cause is cosmetic, an infestation can weaken a plant and leave it prone to other more problematic diseases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The first signs of a leaf beetles infestation are small visible holes in leaves. Leaves then become discolored and dark beetle droppings can be seen. As the leaves turn yellow and brown, they will drop off the plant onto the ground. Some leaves will appear skeletonized with only the veins still remaining.
Infestation begins in spring, when the adult beetles emerge from the soil and lay their eggs on the leaves of plants. When these eggs hatch, the young nymphs start munching on the leaves as they grow up. Once leaf beetles are large and mature, they'll fall to the ground and pupate in the soil over winter before starting the cycle all over again.
Leaf beetles also eat holes in fruits and vegetables. These can be seen as small round holes that sometimes have a larger brown area surrounding them.
Solutions
Solutions
For less serious cases:
  1. Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread.
To treat more serious infestations:
  1. Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions.
  2. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Prevention
Prevention
To prevent infestations of leaf beetles, follow these practices.
  1. Regularly check for beetles. To prevent large pest infestations, be proactive about frequently checking plants for pests and removing them quickly.
  2. Clear debris. Clear weeds and debris to remove areas where these beetles may overwinter and hide.
  3. Attract natural predators. Birds and other insects, such as wasps and ladybugs, are effective natural predators of leaf beetles. Encourage them to visit by including a diverse array of plants to provide habitat and food. Also, avoid applying broad-spectrum herbicides that can harm and kill beneficial insects.
  4. Plant aromatic herbs like mint, garlic, or rosemary, as these can repel leaf beetles.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants
unlimited guides at your fingertips...
close
Leaf rot
plant poor
Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Overview
Overview
Leaf rot is very common among both house plants and garden plants. It affects foliage and occurs mainly when the leaves become wet due to rain or misting by the gardener. The cause is fungal disease and this is facilitated by the fungal spores adhering to wet leaves then penetrating the leaf and expanding rapidly. Damp conditions and poor air circulation will increase chances of infection taking place. Another factor are leaves that are damaged or have been penetrated by sap sucking insects that facilitate plant penetration.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  1. Spores are able to cling to a damp leaf and penetrate, often through an existing wound.
  2. A small dark brown mark appears which expands rapidly as sporulation starts to take place.
  3. Quite quickly these bull's eye like circles can link together and the whole leaf turns dark and loses texture.
  4. Leaf drop occurs.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
These symptoms are caused by a bacterial infection invading the plant. Bacteria from many sources in the environment (air, water, soil, diseased plants) enter a plant through wounds, or in some cases the stomata when they are open. Once inside the leaf tissue, the bacteria feed and reproduce quickly, breaking down healthy leaves.
Bacterial infections threaten most plant species, and are more prominent in wet weather that more easily transfers the bacteria from plant to plant, or from soil to plant.
Solutions
Solutions
Bacterial infections need to be treated quickly to prevent the spread to neighboring, healthy plants, potentially wiping out large sections of your indoor or outdoor garden.
In mild cases: Use sterilized (10% bleach solution) pruning shears or scissors to remove any infected plant parts, making sure to dispose of them off site. Use a copper-based bactericide to treat the unaffected foliage, as well as the soil, and neighboring plants. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
In severe cases, where more than half the leaves are affected: Remove all of the infected plants from the garden, disposing of them off site. Treat the soil and neighboring plants using a copper-based bactericide. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
Prevention
Prevention
  1. Clean up garden debris at the end of the season, especially if it contains any diseased plant tissue. Diseases can overwinter from season to season and infect new plants.
  2. Avoid overhead watering to prevent transferring pathogens from one plant to another, and to keep foliage dry.
  3. Mulch around the base of plants to prevent soil-borne bacteria from splashing up onto uninfected plants.
  4. Sterilize cutting tools using a 10% bleach solution when gardening and moving from one plant to another.
  5. Do not work in your garden when it is wet.
  6. Rotate crops to prevent the buildup of bacteria in one site due to continuous cropping.
  7. Use a copper or streptomycin-containing bactericide in early spring to prevent infection. Read label directions carefully as they are not suitable for all plants.
  8. Ensure plants are well spaced and thin leaves on densely leaved plants so that air circulation is maximised.
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants
unlimited guides at your fingertips...
distribution

Distribution of Wallflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback

Habitat of Wallflower

Walls, cliffs and rocks.
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Wallflower

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
care_scenes

More Info on Wallflower Growth and Care

feedback
Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
Explore More
Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing is a common disease affecting Wallflower, characterized by the discoloration of foliage, potentially leading to reduced growth and bloom. This generalized symptom could indicate several underlying issues, often environmental or pathogenic.
 detail
Soil fungus
Soil fungus affecting Wallflower results in root and stem infections, impairing plant growth and vitality. This disease often leads to severe decline or plant death, particularly impacting aesthetics and longevity in garden settings.
 detail
Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering is a physiological disorder that affects Wallflower by causing the leaf tips to shrivel and die, leading to decreased photosynthesis and a decline in plant health. The disorder is typically brought on by unsuitable environmental conditions, but could also be instigated by pathogenic infection.
 detail
Leaf wilting
Leaf wilting is a common ailment in Wallflower characterized by drooping and discoloration, which can lead to reduced vigor and potentially plant death if untreated. The disease hinders photosynthesis and nutrient transport.
 detail
Black mold
Black mold is a fungal disease that causes significant damage to Wallflower, leading to leaf discoloration and potential plant death. The disease thrives in damp, poorly ventilated areas.
 detail
Non-base branch withering
Non-base branch withering affects Wallflower by causing rapid withering of its branches, leading to premature loss of flowers and foliar deterioration, critically impacting ornamental value and vigor.
 detail
White blotch
White blotch is a fungal disease affecting Wallflower, characterized by white patches on leaves and weakening of the plant. This disease can significantly reduce the aesthetic and health quality of Wallflower.
 detail
Whole leaf withering
Whole leaf withering is a disease impacting Wallflower, leading to wilted foliage, impaired growth, and potentially plant death if left untreated. It is emblematic of underlying issues often related to cultural or environmental factors.
 detail
Dark spots
Dark spots disease significantly affects Wallflower, causing aesthetic damage and potentially reducing vigor. Crucial details include symptom recognition, active periods, and effective treatment options.
 detail
Spots
Spots are a common disease affecting Wallflower, leading to disfiguration and health deterioration. This disease can hinder growth, reduce flowering, and ultimately shorten the plant's lifespan.
 detail
Stem rot
Stem rot is a destructive disease affecting Wallflower, leading to wilted foliage, stem decay, and potential plant death. It compromises vascular functions and can spread through a crop.
 detail
Dark blotch
Dark blotch is a fungal disease impacting Wallflower, causing significant damage, especially during wet weather. It produces large, dark brown to black spots on leaves and stems leading to plant death if left untreated.
 detail
Mushrooms
The disease 'Mushrooms' moderately affects the plant Wallflower, causing discoloration, stunted growth, and blighted blooms. This disease tends to occur in damp, poorly drained conditions and can spread through contaminated soil.
 detail
Leaf blotch
Leaf blotch is a fungal disease impacting Wallflower, leading to discolored foliage and reduced vigor. The disease can be detrimental to the plant's health and aesthetic value.
 detail
Yellow edges
Yellow edges disease causes chlorosis in Wallflower, leading to aesthetically unpleasant foliage and potentially reduced vigor. Control is vital for maintaining ornamental value and plant health.
 detail
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a fungal disease that can severely impact the health of Wallflower. This disease causes leaf discoloration, decay and can lead to plant death if not properly managed. It's infectious and moderately lethal for Wallflower.
 detail
Branch withering
Branch withering is a disease causing significant damage to Wallflower, leading to withered branches and reduced flowering. Prevalent in humid conditions, it can drastically affect plant health and aesthetic value.
 detail
Notch
Notch disease, affecting Wallflower, manifests as distortions and discolored notches on leaves, severely impacting the plant's aesthetic value and vigor. This disease is caused by biotic factors, prevalent in warm and moist conditions.
 detail
Scars
Scars, a condition affecting the plant Wallflower, manifests as physical blemishes that harm its aesthetic and sometimes physiological health, impacting growth and bloom viability.
 detail
plant_info

Plants Related to Wallflower

feedback
Feedback
feedback
product icon close
Your Ultimate Guide to Plants
Identify grow and nurture the better way!
product icon
17,000 local species +400,000 global species studied
product icon
Nearly 5 years of research
product icon
80+ scholars in botany and gardening
ad
product icon close
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants
unlimited guides at your fingertips...
Lighting
close
Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
Choose a site here for personalized care tips.
Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Wallflower thrives better when sited where it can receive abundant light, yet has the adaptability to endure locations with moderate light intensity. Originating from environments where sun exposure is substantial, too little light may inhibit its healthy growth while too much can cause harm.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
icon
Know the light your plants really get.
Find the best spots for them to optimize their health, simply using your phone.
Download the App
Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
View more
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Wallflower thrives in full sunlight and is commonly grown outdoors where it receives ample sunlight. When placed in rooms with inadequate lighting, symptoms of light deficiency may not be readily apparent.
View more
(Symptom details and solutions)
Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your Wallflower may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Wallflower enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Wallflower thrives in full sun exposure and can tolerate intense sunlight. With their remarkable resilience, symptoms of sunburn may not be easily visible, as they rarely suffer from it.
View more
(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
Discover information about plant diseases, toxicity, weed control and more.
Temperature
close
Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
Choose a site here for personalized care tips.
Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Wallflower is accustomed to a moderate environment with temperatures between 68 to 95 °F (20 to 35 ℃). Originally thrived in milder climates, it prefers warmer conditions. Essential seasonal temperature adjustments may be required to mimic its native habitat.
Regional wintering strategies
Wallflower has strong cold resistance, so special frost protection measures are usually not necessary during winter. However, if the winter temperatures are expected to drop below {Limit_growth_temperature}, it is still important to provide cold protection. This can be achieved by covering the plant with materials such as soil or straw. Before the first freeze in autumn, it is recommended to water the plant abundantly, ensuring the soil remains moist and enters a frozen state. This helps prevent drought and water scarcity for the plant during winter and early spring.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in Wallflower
Wallflower is cold-tolerant and thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, although there may not be any noticeable changes during winter, there may be a decrease in sprouting or even no sprouting during springtime.
Solutions
In spring, remove any parts that have failed to sprout.
Symptoms of High Temperature in Wallflower
During summer, Wallflower should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the leaves of the plant may become lighter in color, prone to curling, susceptible to sunburn, and in severe cases, the entire plant may wilt and become dry.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
Discover information about plant diseases, toxicity, weed control and more.
Cookie Management Tool
In addition to managing cookies through your browser or device, you can change your cookie settings below.
Necessary Cookies
Necessary cookies enable core functionality. The website cannot function properly without these cookies, and can only be disabled by changing your browser preferences.
Analytical Cookies
Analytical cookies help us to improve our application/website by collecting and reporting information on its usage.
Cookie Name Source Purpose Lifespan
_ga Google Analytics These cookies are set because of our use of Google Analytics. They are used to collect information about your use of our application/website. The cookies collect specific information, such as your IP address, data related to your device and other information about your use of the application/website. Please note that the data processing is essentially carried out by Google LLC and Google may use your data collected by the cookies for own purposes, e.g. profiling and will combine it with other data such as your Google Account. For more information about how Google processes your data and Google’s approach to privacy as well as implemented safeguards for your data, please see here. 1 Year
_pta PictureThis Analytics We use these cookies to collect information about how you use our site, monitor site performance, and improve our site performance, our services, and your experience. 1 Year
Cookie Name
_ga
Source
Google Analytics
Purpose
These cookies are set because of our use of Google Analytics. They are used to collect information about your use of our application/website. The cookies collect specific information, such as your IP address, data related to your device and other information about your use of the application/website. Please note that the data processing is essentially carried out by Google LLC and Google may use your data collected by the cookies for own purposes, e.g. profiling and will combine it with other data such as your Google Account. For more information about how Google processes your data and Google’s approach to privacy as well as implemented safeguards for your data, please see here.
Lifespan
1 Year

Cookie Name
_pta
Source
PictureThis Analytics
Purpose
We use these cookies to collect information about how you use our site, monitor site performance, and improve our site performance, our services, and your experience.
Lifespan
1 Year
Marketing Cookies
Marketing cookies are used by advertising companies to serve ads that are relevant to your interests.
Cookie Name Source Purpose Lifespan
_fbp Facebook Pixel A conversion pixel tracking that we use for retargeting campaigns. Learn more here. 1 Year
_adj Adjust This cookie provides mobile analytics and attribution services that enable us to measure and analyze the effectiveness of marketing campaigns, certain events and actions within the Application. Learn more here. 1 Year
Cookie Name
_fbp
Source
Facebook Pixel
Purpose
A conversion pixel tracking that we use for retargeting campaigns. Learn more here.
Lifespan
1 Year

Cookie Name
_adj
Source
Adjust
Purpose
This cookie provides mobile analytics and attribution services that enable us to measure and analyze the effectiveness of marketing campaigns, certain events and actions within the Application. Learn more here.
Lifespan
1 Year
This page looks better in the app
Open