Botanical name: Gentianaceae
Botanical name: Gentianaceae
Species of Gentian
Fagraea includes trees, shrubs, lianas, and epiphytes. The Plant List currently records 71 accepted species. They can be found in forests, swamps, and other habitat in Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands, with the center of diversity in Malesia.
The gentian genus comprises a large number of flowering plants. The ornamental species in this genus are valued for their large trumpet-shaped flowers, often an intense blue. Some species are used in dyes, soaps, and perfumes. The blue gentian flower was an emblem of the great Minamoto Clan of Japan.
Fringed gentians is a genus of flowering plants in the gentian family known commonly as fringed gentians. Most have flowers which are blue to purple in color. They may be annual or perennial. They are native to Eurasia and temperate North America.
Centaury contains 40-50 species. It is distributed across Europe and into Asia.
The genus includes only one species. It has small purplish-green leaves. It is native to the eastern United States. It is a perennial that produces white flowers in the spring.
Rose gentians are biennials whose leaves form a rosette-like base in the first year, followed by a flower stalk at the end of the following year. Acidic soils are preferred by these plants, and they generally inhabit wetland areas, grasslands, and thickets along roadsides. These plants are commonly cultivated as ornamentals due to their pretty showy blooms.
Canscora is a genus 9 to 30 species of plants in the family Gentianaceae. Canscora is native to Africa, Asia and Australia.
Green gentian is a genus in the gentian family, native to North America.
Prairie gentian (Eustoma) can be found in the Caribbean, Mexico, and the United States in dry environments. They don't tend to grow taller than 60 cm and are known for their succulent-looking leaves which are bluish green and large flowers that are shaped like a funnel. These features make them popular in ornamental cultivation both as a cut flower and a potted indoor plant. Their scientific name Eustoma derives from Greek words "eu," meaning beautiful or good, and "stoma" meaning mouth, and this is thought to refer to the attractive patterns in the flower.
Lomatogonium are annual or perennial plants, growing to 5 to 15 cm tall, with a basal rosette of 2 to 3 cm long leaves, and sometimes secondary whorls of smaller leaves on the flower stems. The flowers are 2 cm across, with the five white to pale blue petals joined at the base. Lomatogonium is a genus of 18 species in the family Gentianaceae, found in cool temperate to subarctic regions of Asia, with two species also in Europe and one species also in North America. By far the highest diversity is in China, with 16 species.
Orphium is a plant genus in the Gentian family (Gentianaceae), endemic to South Africa. The genus contains a single accepted species. Orphium has the habit of an erect subshrub, virgately branched, more or less pubescent, with branches leafy to the apex. The leaves are opposite, sessile and rather crowded. They are fairly thick, slightly leathery and bluntly linear to narrowly cuneate Some of the flowers may be solitary, while some are borne in inflorescences in the form of lax cymes, borne terminally or in the axils of upper leaves. The fruit is a capsule that splits septicidally.
Felworts, some species bear very showy purple and blue flowers.
Plants of this genus are annual, biennial, or short-lived perennial herbs. They are taprooted or have fibrous root systems. They produce one or more branching stems which are often ridged and sometimes winged. The leaves vary in shape, from linear to lance-shaped to oval, and are green or yellowish. The flower may be any shade of pink or white, and the throat is usually paler, to white or yellowish, or occasionally patterned with green. The fruit is a small capsule containing up to 700 minute seeds. There are about 25 species. Zeltnera is distributed in most of the North American centauries.