Botanical name: Iridaceae
Botanical name: Iridaceae
Species of Iris
Native only to South Africa's Capy Province, african cornflags, are strikingly beautiful. Sunbirds, colorful themselves and sporting curved beaks that fit perfectly into african cornflags flowers, are these plants' natural pollinators across their native range. The genus name(Chasmanthe) translates to 'gaping flower' in Greek.
Blue-eyed grasses are not true grasses botanically, but they are annual or perennial flowering plants that resemble grass and generally grow in clusters. Many of these species are classified as threatened or endangered in the eastern part of the United States. The flowers can be white, yellow, and purple, in addition to the more common blue color.
All bugle-lilys are perennial herbs growing from corms and producing erect spikes of showy flowers. Most are fynbos plants. Bugle-lilys are native to southern Africa. There are 56 accepted species in southern Africa, with two varieties and about 112 names either unresolved or regarded as synonyms.
Harlequin flowers are popular garden ornamentals with dozens of hybrids bred and cultivated. These bright-colored flowering plants start to grow from a bulb during winter, bloom in spring, and go dormant when summer arrives. Native to South Africa, they are extremely tender perennials that can not survive low temperatures and light frost.
Baboon root is a genus of flowering plants in the family Iridaceae composed of about 80 recognized species. The majority of these species are endemic to the Cape Provinces of South Africa.
Coppertips are perennial flowering plants with vibrant red and orange flowers. The dried leaves have a pungent smell, similar to saffron, when they are placed in water. These qualities inspired the scientific name for this genus, which comes from the Greek words for "saffron" and "odor."
Olsynium is a genus of summer-dormant rhizomatous perennial flowering plants in the iris family Iridaceae, native to sunny hillsides in South America and western North America. It is 10 to 41 cm tall. Leaves are linear. Flowers are bell-shaped, with six white, pink, or lilac tepals.
Pleatleaf is a genus of flowering plants. It is native to Mexico, Central America, and the southern part of the United States.
Trimezia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Iridaceae native to the warmer parts of southern Mexico Central America South America Florida and the West Indies. The rootstock is variously described as an elongated corm or a rhizome. Plants vary in height from about 7 cm to 1.6 m. Linear to lanceolate leaves grow from the base of the plant. Most species have flowers in some shade of yellow. The six tepals are arranged in two series. The outer tepals (sepals) are larger than the inner ones (petals); both may have brown-purple markings at the base. As of spring 2019 the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families accepted about 80 species of trimezia.
Angel's fishing rod
Angel's fishing rod is evergreen perennial herbs growing from large, fibrous-coated corms. It is lined with leaves that have linear blades with thick longitudinal veins and often no midrib. The inflorescence is a panicle of several spikes of flowers. The spikes may hang like bells or grow erect. The bell-shaped flowers of most wild species are pink; red, purple, yellow, and white taxa also exist. The fruit is a spherical capsule. There are about 44 species. They are native to Africa, with most occurring in the southern regions of the continent. The center of diversity is the province of KwaZulu-Natal in eastern South Africa.
Libertia is made up of herbaceous or evergreen perennials monocotyledenous growing from short rhizomes, with simple, linear or narrowly lanceolate basal leaves which are often green but may be red, orange, or yellow under direct sunlight. The showy white or blue trimerous flowers are open in spring and are followed by capsules opening by three valves which contain the numerous seeds. It is native to South America, Australia, New Guinea, and New Zealand.
Evening lily is a genus of cormous flowering plants in the family Iridaceae. There are approximately 79 species, mostly native to southern Africa, but with four species reaching tropical Africa. All except one grow from corms.
Painted petal are cormous plants, usually small, and with deciduous leaves. The corms are small, campanulate to triangular in outline, and flat-based. The leaves are basal, often solitary. They may be plane and falcate, or linear and ribbed. The inflorescence is a spike, sometimes contracted and fasciculate or a corymbose panicle. The fruit is a membranous capsule containing many small seeds, either globose or angled by pressure. Some forty species have been described from sub-Saharan Africa, of which about a third are endemic to fynbos.
Eleutherine is a genus of herbaceous, perennial and bulbous plants in the Iris family (Iridaceae), first described as a genus in 1843. It is native to Latin America and the West Indies.
Starfish lily is a genus of monocotyledonous flowering plants in the family Iridaceae, native to tropical and southern Africa. They are herbaceous corm-bearing plants growing to 30 to 45 cm tall.
Some of the nearly 300 known species of irises can boast thousands of years worth of cultivation. They get their name from the Greek goddess of the same name. Iris was the goddess of rainbows. Irises originate from temperate parts of Asia and Europe and are predominantly found in colder and dryer regions.
Alophia is a small genus of perennial, herbaceous and bulbous plants in the iris family (Iridaceae). The genus comprise five known species that occur from the South-central United States as well as in Mexico, Central America, and parts of South America.
Wood iris are perennial clumping plants with small, showy flowers. They are also known as Fortnight lilies because they produce flowers from spring to late summer with two weeks in between the flowering periods. These plants are commonly cultivated as ornamental houseplants, ground covers in gardens, and in rock or woodland gardens.
Blue brilliant is a genus of evergreen, perennial and rhizomatous species of flowering plants in the iris family (Iridaceae). The genus is distributed in tropical and southern Africa, as well as Madagascar.
Romulea is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family. It is distributed in Europe, the Mediterranean, the Arabian Peninsula, and Africa.
Tritoniopsis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Iridaceae, first described as a genus in 1926. The entire genus is endemic to Cape Province in South Africa.
Geissorhiza is a genus with 103 species described to date of deciduous perennial flowering plants in the iris family. The entire genus is endemic to Cape Province of western South Africa.
A genus of largely tropical flowering plants, freesia include both the original wildflowers and the various domesticated cultivars and hybrids created from certain species. They are generally fragrant and many bear trumpet flowers. An oil derived from the flowers of several species are used in perfumes and scented toiletries.
Crocuses include flowering plants that bloom in the autumn, winter, or spring. The name comes from the Greek word "krokos," meaning saffron, because of the spice obtained from the flower of one of these species. Many crocuses are cultivated for ornamental purposes as well as for commercial saffron production.
Peacock flowers plants are native to Central America, but are also found in warm-climate gardens and greenhouses worldwide. They are known for big, showy flowers in a variety of colors and patterns that fade after a single day. Some species are considered noxious weeds, however, as they are commonly host to crop diseases such as corm scab and mosaic virus of cabbages and turnips.
The genus corn lily consists of a number of cormous plants native to South Africa. Some distinctive traits include sword-like leaves and long wiry stems with star-shaped flowers.
Herbertia are a genus of bulbous plants that are native to North and South America. The genus is named after the British biologist William Herbert. These plants are a common sight in meadows, pastures, and prairies, and are also found growing on untended lawns.
Gladioli are perennial flowers. Their name comes from the Latin word for "small sword" because of the sword-shaped flower heads. These plants are commonly cultivated as ornamentals either in gardens or for cut flowers. Many different varieties of gladioli with flowers of different colors have been hybridized for commercial purposes.