Botanical name: Jasminum
Botanical name: Jasminum
Jasmine is a sizable and iconic genus. It boasts many species, most of which are native to tropical and subtropical southeast Asia. The delicate, often pale flowers are prized for both their fragrance and their beauty, and as such are used in perfumes and as ornamentals. Some species are used to make jasmine tea. Flowers in this genus also hold great symbolic stature; Syria, Indonesia, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Thailand all consider jasmine flowers to be national symbols.
Species of Jasmine
Arabian jasmine 'Grand Duke of Tuscany'
Arabian jasmine 'Grand Duke of Tuscany' is a scrambling shrub that offers dark green ruffled leaves and large, double white flowers that have a lovely fragrance. It is a cultivar of Jasminum sambac, known for having the largest flowers of all sambacs. Gardeners choose this cultivar as it is virtually pest-free.
Common Malayan Jasmine
Common Malayan Jasmine, or Jasminum elongatum, can grow either as a shrub or a vine. It has star shaped fragrant white flowers that are tinged with red on the undersides. It grows well in sun or part shade.
Like all jasmine plants, the showy flowers of spanish jasmine produce a pleasant and distinctive fragrance. The spanish jasmine shrub is grown as an ornamental in warm climates. It is also often grown commercially in plantations for its fragrant flowers, used in perfumes and essential oils.
Originally from China, winter jasmine is prized for its wispy branches and early blooming. Its bright yellow flowers are spreadable, and the plant is readily available to grow roots and form a new shrub when its branches touch the ground. This makes it a great choice for ground cover on banks, and it trellises easily.
Common jasmine 'Argenteovariegatum'
The two-colored leaves of the common jasmine 'Argenteovariegatum' are quite a contrast to the plain green leaves of the common jasmine, this cultivar's parent. This variety has a disturbingly long name(Argenteovariegatum) that is simply the Latin description for its leaves, which are gold-tinged (Argenteo) and variegated - or two-colored. These leaves add great ornamental value along with its famously fragrant white flowers.
Common jasmine 'Inverleith'
Common jasmine 'Inverleith' is named for a suburb of Edinburgh, Scotland. This is a climbing shrub with star-shaped white flowers that bloom in summer that burst from red buds. This hybrid's flowers feature wider petals than those of the parent plant, spreading out in a five-petaled flower.
Primrose jasmine (Jasminum mesnyi) is a large shrub that can climb trellises. Its arching branches bear piles of yellow, fragrant flowers. It's often planted in mass plantings and hedges. Primrose jasmine is used to control erosion or as cover for unsightly structures.
Common jasmine (Jasminum officinale) is a deciduous plant species that flowers in summer. Common jasmine flowers have a strong fragrance. This species is native to the Caucasus, northern Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the Himalayas.
Wild kund is a climbing shrub from India, Southeast Asia and China. It produces many bright white flowers along its vinelike branches. Wild kund needs soil with plenty of water, especially in the summer when it is in bloom. The stems can be used to create ropes and mats.
Arabian jasmine has much significance in many countries around the world. It is the national flower of both the Philippines and Indonesia. It is regularly used in ceremonial costumes and decorations in Sri Lanka, while in China it is the key ingredient in Jasmine tea. Hawaiians use arabian jasmine to make fragrant leis, and in Pakistan, Bangladesh and India it is used in garlands and hair adornments.
Pink jasmine, a native of China and Burma, is a twining climber that is easy to establish and grow in the right conditions. It is often a favorite in gardens because of its attractive star-like white flowers that often have a pink tinge. These blooms are highly fragrant. In the areas of New Zealand and Australia, pink jasmine is considered an invasive species.
Star jasmine is a sizable and iconic genus. It boasts many species, most of which are native to tropical and subtropical southeast Asia. The delicate, often pale flowers are prized for both their fragrance and their beauty, and as such are used in perfumes and as ornamentals. Some species are used to make jasmine tea. Flowers in this genus also hold great symbolic stature; Syria, Indonesia, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Thailand all consider star jasmine flowers to be national symbols.