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All Species
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More Genus
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Laurel
Laurel
Laurel
Laurel
Laurel (Lauraceae)
species

Exploring the Laurel Plants

8 most common species:
Syndiclis
Syndiclis
Apollonias
Apollonias
Machilus
Machilus
Machilus are evergreen trees or shrubs, some species growing as much as 30 m tall. Their entire, pinnately veined leaves are alternately borne along the stems. Their bisexual flowers are borne in inflorescences that are usually paniculate, terminal, subterminal. Fruits are fleshy, globose, rarely ellipsoid or oblong, subtended at base by persistent and reflexed perianth lobes. It is currently includes about 100 species. It is found in temperate, subtropical, and tropical forest, occurring in Asia.
Phoebe
Phoebe
Phoebe species are evergreen shrubs or trees with pinnately veined leaves. The flowers are hermaphrodite, white, small and fragrant, and are grouped in branched terminal inflorescences in the form of panicles. The fruits are enveloped by the enlarged bracts. Fruits are usually oval to spherical. The fruit is a berry and has only a single seed. There are approximately 100 species in the genus, distributed in tropical and subtropical Asia and neotropical America.
Eusideroxylon
Ironwood
Ironwood are hardwood trees reaching up to 50 m in height with trunks over 2 m in diameter. The thick, leathery leaves are dark green. Young leaves are narrow, pointed oval in shape. The color of the flowers is pale yellow to yellow. The flower is hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, with 6 tepals, distributed in two whorls that overlap. The fruits are drupes, varying in size and shape from oblong to ovate or sub-cylindrical to asymmetric elongated or rounded. It includes one accepted species and one that is "unresolved". It is present in coastal and montane rainforests of Southeast Asia, and in laurel forest habitat.
Neocinnamomum
Neocinnamomum
Neocinnamomum are evergreen shrubs or small trees, which are indigenous to Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia (Sumatra), Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, and Vietnam. Neocinnamomum leaves resemble those of true cinnamon (Cinnamomum) in possessing strongly three-veined blades, but they are arranged alternately rather than oppositely. The flowers are very small and bisexual. The inflorescences are highly condensed, with poorly defined branching, their overall shape described as "glomerules". The seeds are dispersed by birds, which eat the fruit which are berry-like drupes. The fruits are ellipsoid or globose (round).
Alseodaphne
Alseodaphne
The genus alseodaphne has 96 species of evergreen trees to shrubs. They have bisexual flowers, a fruit stalk that is red, green, or yellow, and black fruit. Alseodaphne is endemic to China and Southeast Asia.
Cinnamomum
Cinnamons
Cinnamons comprise a large genus of tropical and subtropical aromatic evergreen shrubs and trees in the Laurel family. Many members are used as spices which are made by harvesting the inner bark. These spices have been cultivated for thousands of years and were so prized that they were often gifts to monarchs and deities.

All Species of Laurel

Syndiclis
Syndiclis
Syndiclis
Apollonias
Apollonias
Apollonias
Machilus
Machilus
Machilus
Machilus are evergreen trees or shrubs, some species growing as much as 30 m tall. Their entire, pinnately veined leaves are alternately borne along the stems. Their bisexual flowers are borne in inflorescences that are usually paniculate, terminal, subterminal. Fruits are fleshy, globose, rarely ellipsoid or oblong, subtended at base by persistent and reflexed perianth lobes. It is currently includes about 100 species. It is found in temperate, subtropical, and tropical forest, occurring in Asia.
Phoebe
Phoebe
Phoebe
Phoebe species are evergreen shrubs or trees with pinnately veined leaves. The flowers are hermaphrodite, white, small and fragrant, and are grouped in branched terminal inflorescences in the form of panicles. The fruits are enveloped by the enlarged bracts. Fruits are usually oval to spherical. The fruit is a berry and has only a single seed. There are approximately 100 species in the genus, distributed in tropical and subtropical Asia and neotropical America.
Ironwood
Eusideroxylon
Ironwood
Ironwood are hardwood trees reaching up to 50 m in height with trunks over 2 m in diameter. The thick, leathery leaves are dark green. Young leaves are narrow, pointed oval in shape. The color of the flowers is pale yellow to yellow. The flower is hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, with 6 tepals, distributed in two whorls that overlap. The fruits are drupes, varying in size and shape from oblong to ovate or sub-cylindrical to asymmetric elongated or rounded. It includes one accepted species and one that is "unresolved". It is present in coastal and montane rainforests of Southeast Asia, and in laurel forest habitat.
Neocinnamomum
Neocinnamomum
Neocinnamomum
Neocinnamomum are evergreen shrubs or small trees, which are indigenous to Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia (Sumatra), Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, and Vietnam. Neocinnamomum leaves resemble those of true cinnamon (Cinnamomum) in possessing strongly three-veined blades, but they are arranged alternately rather than oppositely. The flowers are very small and bisexual. The inflorescences are highly condensed, with poorly defined branching, their overall shape described as "glomerules". The seeds are dispersed by birds, which eat the fruit which are berry-like drupes. The fruits are ellipsoid or globose (round).
Alseodaphne
Alseodaphne
Alseodaphne
The genus alseodaphne has 96 species of evergreen trees to shrubs. They have bisexual flowers, a fruit stalk that is red, green, or yellow, and black fruit. Alseodaphne is endemic to China and Southeast Asia.
Cinnamons
Cinnamomum
Cinnamons
Cinnamons comprise a large genus of tropical and subtropical aromatic evergreen shrubs and trees in the Laurel family. Many members are used as spices which are made by harvesting the inner bark. These spices have been cultivated for thousands of years and were so prized that they were often gifts to monarchs and deities.
Persea
Persea
Persea
Persea comprise a genus of subtropical and tropical evergreen trees in the family of Laurels. The Latin name of the genus was used all the way back in Ancient Greece by Theophrastus and Hippocrates, who applied it to an uncertain Egyptian tree. The entire persea genus is characterized by oval, smooth evergreen leaves, and branches that usually remain green for many years before becoming corky.
California laurel
Umbellularia
California laurel
California laurel are a genus of evergreen trees that contains only the species Umbellularia californica. This tall-growing tree produces a tough and fine-grained wood that enjoys many uses, from musical instruments and furniture to tableware. This attractive conifer is also grown as an ornamental tree, although its large size means it is better suited to parks than gardens.
Aniba
Aniba
Aniba
Caryodaphnopsis
Caryodaphnopsis
Caryodaphnopsis
Caryodaphnopsis is a genus of 16 species belonging to the flowering plant family Lauraceae, distributed in tropical areas in southern North America, northern South America, and East and Southeast Asia. They vary from 50 m high trees to small trees or shrubs in lowland evergreen forest and rainforest.
Benjamin bush
Iteadaphne
Benjamin bush
Benjamin bush is a genus of about 80-100 species of flowering plants in the family Lauraceae, mostly native to eastern Asia but with three species in eastern North America. Benjamin bush are evergreen or deciduous trees or shrubs. The leaves are alternate, entire or three-lobed, and strongly spicy-aromatic. Benjamin bush are dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate trees. The inflorescences are composed of 3 to 15 small flowers existing as pseudo-umbels. The flowers are from greenish to white, greenish-yellow, or yellowish, with six tepals arranged in a star shape. The base of the flower is small and flat. The fruit is a small red, purple or black drupe containing a single seed.
Neolitsea
Neolitsea
Neolitsea
Neolitsea is a genus of about 85 species of evergreen shrubs and small trees in the laurel family Lauraceae. The leaves are alternate, clustered, or verticillate, rarely subopposite. They range from Indo-Malaysia to East Asia to Australia.
Actinodaphne
Actinodaphne
Actinodaphne
This genus of dioecious evergreen trees and shrubs has 140 species, in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, with 17 Chinese species, 13 of which are endemic. The trees are 3 to 25 m tall, with leaves usually clustered or nearly verticillate, rarely alternate or opposite, unlobed, pinninerved, and rarely triplinerved. The flowers are star-shaped, small, and greenish. The flowers are clustered or whorled and are unisexual. The fruit is a berry-like drupe seated on shallow or deep, cup-shaped or discoid, perianth tube. It has a small single seed dispersed mostly by birds.
Sweetwood
Ocotea
Sweetwood
Spicewoods
Lindera
Spicewoods
Spicewoods comprise a large genus of evergreen or deciduous trees and shrubs. The Latin name of the genus was given in the honor of the 17th and 18th-century Swedish botanist Johan Linder. All members of the genus are dioecious, meaning that there are separate male and female trees. Spicewoods have fruit berries that enable seed dispersal by birds such as thrushes.
mountain laurels
Cryptocarya
mountain laurels
Mountain laurels is a genus of evergreen trees belonging to the laurel family, Lauraceae. Common in the canopy, they grow up to 60 m. The genus includes more than 350 species, distributed through the Neotropic, Afrotropic, Indomalaya, and Australasia ecozones.
Laurus
Laurus
Laurus
Laurus are a small genus consisting of several species of evergreen shrubs and small trees. Besides being used as ornamental shrubs, aromatic herbs, and spices in ancient Greece, laurus were used to make wreaths of honor for war heroes, making the plants synonymous with victory. Even today, wreaths for various occasions are also made from plants of this genus.
Sassafras
Sassafras
Sassafras
Sassafras produces three different types of leaves: oval-shaped, mitten-shaped, and three-lobed. These leaves grow smooth and green in summer but turn to attractive shades of yellow, red, or even purple in autumn. When crushed, sassafras leaves release a citrus scent. The hard wood is a favorite of many woodworkers.
Laurel dodders
Cassytha
Laurel dodders
Laurel dodders are parasitic vines with a wide distribution. They are quite unique - their scandent growth habit and parasitic way of life are very unusual for the members of the Lauraceae family. These flowering plants produce a fruit called drupes that makes a valuable food source for many types of birds. In rural communities, these vines are used for making cords.
beilschmiedia
Beilschmiedia
beilschmiedia
Litsea
Litsea
Litsea
popular genus

More Popular Genus

Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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About
All Species
More Genus
Laurel
Laurel
Laurel
Laurel
Laurel
Laurel
Laurel
Lauraceae
species

Exploring the Laurel Plants

8 most common species:
Syndiclis
Syndiclis
Apollonias
Apollonias
Machilus
Machilus
Machilus are evergreen trees or shrubs, some species growing as much as 30 m tall. Their entire, pinnately veined leaves are alternately borne along the stems. Their bisexual flowers are borne in inflorescences that are usually paniculate, terminal, subterminal. Fruits are fleshy, globose, rarely ellipsoid or oblong, subtended at base by persistent and reflexed perianth lobes. It is currently includes about 100 species. It is found in temperate, subtropical, and tropical forest, occurring in Asia.
Phoebe
Phoebe
Phoebe species are evergreen shrubs or trees with pinnately veined leaves. The flowers are hermaphrodite, white, small and fragrant, and are grouped in branched terminal inflorescences in the form of panicles. The fruits are enveloped by the enlarged bracts. Fruits are usually oval to spherical. The fruit is a berry and has only a single seed. There are approximately 100 species in the genus, distributed in tropical and subtropical Asia and neotropical America.
Show More Species

All Species of Laurel

popular genus

More Popular Genus

Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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Your Ultimate Guide to Plants
Identify grow and nurture the better way!
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17,000 local species +400,000 global species studied
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Nearly 5 years of research
product icon
80+ scholars in botany and gardening
ad
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A database of 400000+ plants
unlimited guides at your fingertips...
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