Botanical name: Liliaceae
Botanical name: Liliaceae
Species of Lily
Fritillaries are a large group of mostly-spring flowering plants in the lily family—almost all species sport large, showy, nodding, bell-shaped flowers. Many species have become exceptionally popular as ornamentals, to the degree that native populations are now in danger due to overharvesting. Some species have been the subject of works of art and poetry for centuries, including several of Shakespeare's works. Many European crests and coats of arms also feature stylized fritillaries.
Notholirion is a small Asian genus of bulbous plants in the lily family. The bulb is covered by a tunic. Leaves are basal, produced in autumn and winter.
Indian cucumbers are native wildflowers of North America that grows in moist, shady areas. They produce greenish-yellow flowers in the spring. These upright perennials are occasionally grown in herb gardens. Indian cucumbers have a thick whitish root with a faint cucumber scent.
Bluebead Lily grow in forest understories in moist, temperate regions of Asia and the Americas. Several are available online for inclusion in shaded gardens or low-light terrariums. These plants produce a variety of brightly colored berries, but they are only for show, as they have an unpleasant taste.
Mariposas grow from bulbs, and the genus includes perennials and herbs. The species are native to North America and produce flowers in the spring and early summer from a single stem growing from the bulb. The flowers have up to three petals and vary in size and color, notably including both solids and streaked petals in different species.
Tulips are flowering members of the lily family and are some of the most widely cultivated ornamental plants in the world. Their large, showy, cup-shaped blossoms have for centuries been associated with beauty and elegance. These plants were also at the heart of what is often considered to be the first speculative bubble in history, when in the mid-17th century, "Tulip-mania" gripped the Netherlands. It was a market frenzy that sent the prices of tulip bulbs skyrocketing to the point where they were used as a currency. Today, the Netherlands is still famous for its huge and stunningly colorful tulip fields. Skagit Valley in the state of Washington is another location famed for its tulip cultivation.
Fetid adderstongues are a small genus of woodland perennial herbs that have been described as having a putrid scent. They are noted for the way their elongated seed pods ‘slinks’ and buries themselves into the ground. Fetid adderstongues bloom from late winter to early spring and are cultivated in shaded gardens and containers.
Amana is a small genus of flowering bulbs in the lily family. Amana is found in East Asia. This genus includes 4 species.
Giant lilies are distinguished from other lily plants by their heart-shaped leaves and showy trumpet-shaped fragrant blooms. Giant lilies are bulbous perennials that produce interesting ‘toothed’ seed capsules. These erect plants do not flower until they have been established for around 6 years, making them a gratifying labor of love for gardeners.
Streptopus are a genus of flowering plants. Their Greek genus name, Streptopus, means 'twisted footed' which refers to the angled twist of their stalks upon emerging from the soil. They are native to Eurasia and North America. Some species are edible such as the Streptopus amplexifolius, which is reported to taste like cucumbers.
Fairybells grow from rhizomes that form clusters in shaded areas, often along forest floors. Their upright-growing leafy stems, which may be hairy or smooth, produce small bell-shaped flowers that droop down. Fruits from fairybells are either red or yellow, with smooth skin.
The distinctive characteristics of the species in this genus are the spotted petals and warty sacs similar to that of a toad, hence the common name Toad lilies. These traits make them interesting additions to border gardens. In the wild, toad lilies prefer shady forest edges and moist, humus-rich soil.
Though most close to tulips, fawn lilies are recognizable by their lily-like flowers with heavily swept-back petals. These elegant and exotic-looking woodland flowers bloom in spring and grow from a bulb that resembles dogs' teeth, hence the common name "dog's-tooth violet." They are commonly used in ornamental gardening, particularly in shady garden areas.
Gagea is a large genus of spring flowers in the lily family. The flowers are yellow. It is found primarily in Eurasia with a few species extending into North Africa and North America. As of winter 2014 the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognizes over 200 species including those previously assigned to Lloydia.
Among the florist's favorites, lilies are long-blooming plants and provide large and showy focal points for flower arrangements. They're simple to grow and offer lovely contrasts in terms of color, especially during the middle of summer when many other flowers fade in the heat. In addition to the visual display, lilies emit a sweet scent that fills the air with a lovely fragrance. They are, however, toxic to cats, so care must be taken around pets.