Botanical name: Lythraceae
Botanical name: Lythraceae
Species of Loosestrife
The loosestrifes (Lythrum) are a fairly small group of flowering, herbaceous plants. Many loosestrifes prefer very wet soils and so are strongly associated with habitats like marshes, bogs, and other wetlands. Bearing spikes of showy flowers, several loosestrifes are popular ornamentals, however, some ornamental species' hardiness and aggressive growth habits have turned them into invasives.
Decodon consist of a single species, Decodon verticillatus, a wetland specialist plant native to eastern North America. It can grow in dense thickets and is therefore not recommended for domestic gardens but its draping willow-like branches can add interest to larger water features in parks and larger spaces.
Lawsonia has a sole species. Lawsonia is a tall shrub or small tree, standing 1.8 to 8 m tall. It is glabrous and multi-branched, with spine-tipped branchlets. The leaves are glabrous, sub-sessile, elliptical, and lanceolate, acuminate, and have depressed veins on the dorsal surface. Its petals are ovate, with white or red stamens found in pairs on the rim of the calyx tube. Lawsonia fruits are small, brownish capsules, with 32–49 seeds per fruit, and open irregularly into four splits. The lawsonia plant is native to northern Africa, western and southern Asia, and northern Australia, in semi-arid zones and tropical areas.
The crape myrtles (Lagerstroemia) are a group of flowering evergreen shrubs and trees, most of which are tropical or sub-tropical. Crape myrtles respond well to trimming, bear large and beautiful clusters of flowers, and are today used extensively in landscaping. Some crape myrtles, such as the Guava Crape Myrtle (L. calyculata) can reach large-tree sizes and are occasionally harvested for their timber, although it is of fairly low value.
Duabanga is a small genus of lowland evergreen rainforest trees in southeast Asia, comprising two or three species.
The cupheas are a large and diverse group of flowering, tropical and warm-temperate plants. Many cupheas are commonly called "cigar plants" because of their long, tubular flowers. Sporting colorful and distinctive blooms, many cupheas are popular as ornamentals. Some species are grown commercially to produce Cuphea oil, a coconut or palm oil substitute in non-edible products.
Redstems are mainly terrestrial plants that grow along mudflats and wet terrains in North America and Asia. They can survive and grow in standing water, and thus some species within this genus are cultivated as aquarium plants. They bear conspicuous flowers and grow in a creeping habit.
Sun openers is a genus of flowering plants. The genus contains three species. They are native to the Americas, from northern Argentina north to the southernmost United States (southern Texas). The leaves are entire, and variably arranged alternate, opposite or whorled on the stems. All species produce five-petaled yellow flowers.
Water caltrop have been introduced to waterways around the world, and because of their robust growth and tendency to crowd out other species, they are considered a noxious invasive in the US and Australia.. Their scientific name, Trapa, comes from the Latin word calcitrappa, which means "thistle". Its seed pods, which have a variety of pointed and hooked appendages, explain the name. It is entirely separate from commercially-grown water chestnuts, which are in a different genus.
It was recently thought have only one species but is now believed to have at least two. Depending on environmental factors, they are densely branched, or low and spreading bushes or short trees, with main stems that can be furcated and lie nearly prone, or develop into one erect trunk. Leaves can be small, fleshy and succulent, or larger, flat and not fleshy. They are not common, but far ranging from coastal, eastern Africa, states with Indian Ocean coastlines, to the Pacific, northwards up to the Ryukyu Islands and many other places.
The punica produce an edible fruit, with that of P. granatum being the largest and most sweet. Punica have taken on strong symbolism through the Middle East and Mediterranean worlds, where they have been cultivated for millennia. In Egypt, they were associated with wealth and ambition, while in ancient Greek they were associated with the underworld. Some biblical scholars believe that the "forbidden apple" in the Garden of Eden was originally a pomegranate.
Woodfordia is a genus of flowering plant in the family Lythraceae.