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Musa
Musa
Musa
Musa
Musa (Musa)
Being some of the most widely cultivated fruits in the world, many species of musa are of tremendous commercial importance to humans. Some of the less sweet, more starchy edible varieties are referred to as "plantains," but these belong to the same genus as well. Musa and plantains have been incorporated into cuisines all over the globe - they are a staple food that can be found everywhere from Western supermarkets to tiny, remote villages. Globally, the world produces over 115,000,000 metric tonnes of musa per year!
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Plant Type
Tree
info

Key Facts About Musa

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Attributes of Musa

Plant Height
4 m
Spread
2 m
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 38 ℃

Scientific Classification of Musa

distribution

Distribution of Musa

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Distribution Map of Musa

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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care detail

How to Grow and Care for Musa

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how to grow and care
Musa is recognized for its lush, tropical foliage and striking presence in a garden or indoor setting. Basic care needs for musa involve ample sunlight, consistent watering while avoiding waterlogged soil, and warm temperatures, ideally above 60°F (15°C). The soil should be fertile, well-draining, and kept moist but not saturated. Common challenges include pests like spider mites and aphids, as well as diseases such as banana wilt and leaf spot. Environmental sensitivities consist of cold temperatures and strong winds. Seasonal considerations entail providing extra moisture in hot summers, ensuring adequate drainage during rainy seasons, and protecting musa from frost in winter. Indoor musa may require additional humidity and less frequent watering during cooler months.
More Info About Caring for Musa
species

Exploring the Musa Plants

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8 most common species:
Musa acuminata
Edible banana
Edible banana (Musa acuminata) is an edible evergreen perennial plant native to Southwest Asia. Some people may perceive edible banana to be a tree, but it is a perennial plant. Edible banana is one of the earlier domesticated plants by humans in the history of evolution. The cultivation of these plants for fruit is a major industry. They are also cultivated as ornamental plants.
Musa basjoo
Hardy banana
Hardy banana (Musa basjoo) is a cold-hardy banana plant that produces inedible bananas, but is prized for its ornamental foliage. Native to Japan, it can grow in North America as far north as New England if it's mulched to keep its roots warm.
Musa velutina
Pink banana
Pink banana is a wild banana species that is thought to be a trendy ornamental plant due to its unusual vibrant pink bananas and luscious green leaves. It is grown in indoor spaces such as greenhouses and conservatories in colder climates and outdoors in warmer regions.
Musa paradisiaca
Banana
Banana is a popular fruit with a rich history dating back centuries. The fruit’s sweet taste is easily identifiable, and it is a staple food in several countries. The tree is grown commercially in warm climate regions and private gardens and is recognizable by its large leaves and oblong-shaped fruits.
Musa balbisiana
Banana
Banana is an ancestor of the widely cultivated banana species. However, this species is inedible due to its seeds and differs from the other banana species in its more upright stature. This plant is highly resistant to abiotic stresses. The luscious leaves have historically been used for crafting and packaging.
Musa acuminata 'Zebrina'
Stripe-Leaved Banana
Edible banana 'Zebrina' is named after the zebra for the burgundy stripes that adorn its green leaves. Stripe-Leaved Banana is a dwarf ornamental banana variety that produces inedible fruit but makes up for this with attractive creamy yellow flowers with dark red bracts. It is at its best when grown in containers in Mediterranean-style gardens.
Musa ornata
Flowering banana
Musa ornata belongs to the Musa section Rhodochlamys. Rhodochlamys is one of the four sections into which the genus Musa is divided (the others being Australimusa, Callimusa and Eumusa, which is sometimes called Musa). As a member of Rhodochlamys, M. ornata has a basic chromosome number of 2n = 22 compared with 2n = 20 of the Australimusa and Callimusa. Plants of this section are known for their brightly colored bracts. The true M. ornata is found in India and is a small species. From its home in India it reached Central and South America early in the 19th century where it became naturalized. M. ornata is not an especially variable plant in itself but it hybridizes freely with other species. The result is that there are a number of hybrids derived from it in the tropical regions of America. Plants grow to a height of 5 to 10 ft (1.5 to 3.0 m). The plants have green foliage with pink tones throughout. The leaves can grow to be 6 ft (1.8 m) long, 14 inches (360 mm) wide and can be used for tropical cut flower arrangements. It produces pink flowers and small, dark pink or crimson fruit. The fruit type is a banana that is seeded and inedible. Musa ornata is a yellow-orange inflorence whose male and female flowers both tend to be 3-5 per bract in a single row, varying up to about 7 per cluster. The anthers of the male flowers are purple while the female style is green.
Musa coccinea
Scarlet banana
Scarlet banana is an intriguing plant that captivates with its vibrant colors and unique characteristics. This striking plant is widely admired for its garden usage, as it adds a touch of tropical elegance to any landscape. One interesting fact about the scarlet banana is its economic value, as it is cultivated for its ornamental qualities. Additionally, its bright red flowers are known to attract a variety of insects and birds, making it a delightful addition to any pollinator garden. With its eye-catching blooms and fascinating ecological role, the scarlet banana is a must-have for any garden enthusiast.

All Species of Musa

Edible banana
Musa acuminata
Edible banana
Edible banana (Musa acuminata) is an edible evergreen perennial plant native to Southwest Asia. Some people may perceive edible banana to be a tree, but it is a perennial plant. Edible banana is one of the earlier domesticated plants by humans in the history of evolution. The cultivation of these plants for fruit is a major industry. They are also cultivated as ornamental plants.
Hardy banana
Musa basjoo
Hardy banana
Hardy banana (Musa basjoo) is a cold-hardy banana plant that produces inedible bananas, but is prized for its ornamental foliage. Native to Japan, it can grow in North America as far north as New England if it's mulched to keep its roots warm.
Pink banana
Musa velutina
Pink banana
Pink banana is a wild banana species that is thought to be a trendy ornamental plant due to its unusual vibrant pink bananas and luscious green leaves. It is grown in indoor spaces such as greenhouses and conservatories in colder climates and outdoors in warmer regions.
Banana
Musa paradisiaca
Banana
Banana is a popular fruit with a rich history dating back centuries. The fruit’s sweet taste is easily identifiable, and it is a staple food in several countries. The tree is grown commercially in warm climate regions and private gardens and is recognizable by its large leaves and oblong-shaped fruits.
Banana
Musa balbisiana
Banana
Banana is an ancestor of the widely cultivated banana species. However, this species is inedible due to its seeds and differs from the other banana species in its more upright stature. This plant is highly resistant to abiotic stresses. The luscious leaves have historically been used for crafting and packaging.
Stripe-Leaved Banana
Musa acuminata 'Zebrina'
Stripe-Leaved Banana
Edible banana 'Zebrina' is named after the zebra for the burgundy stripes that adorn its green leaves. Stripe-Leaved Banana is a dwarf ornamental banana variety that produces inedible fruit but makes up for this with attractive creamy yellow flowers with dark red bracts. It is at its best when grown in containers in Mediterranean-style gardens.
Flowering banana
Musa ornata
Flowering banana
Musa ornata belongs to the Musa section Rhodochlamys. Rhodochlamys is one of the four sections into which the genus Musa is divided (the others being Australimusa, Callimusa and Eumusa, which is sometimes called Musa). As a member of Rhodochlamys, M. ornata has a basic chromosome number of 2n = 22 compared with 2n = 20 of the Australimusa and Callimusa. Plants of this section are known for their brightly colored bracts. The true M. ornata is found in India and is a small species. From its home in India it reached Central and South America early in the 19th century where it became naturalized. M. ornata is not an especially variable plant in itself but it hybridizes freely with other species. The result is that there are a number of hybrids derived from it in the tropical regions of America. Plants grow to a height of 5 to 10 ft (1.5 to 3.0 m). The plants have green foliage with pink tones throughout. The leaves can grow to be 6 ft (1.8 m) long, 14 inches (360 mm) wide and can be used for tropical cut flower arrangements. It produces pink flowers and small, dark pink or crimson fruit. The fruit type is a banana that is seeded and inedible. Musa ornata is a yellow-orange inflorence whose male and female flowers both tend to be 3-5 per bract in a single row, varying up to about 7 per cluster. The anthers of the male flowers are purple while the female style is green.
Scarlet banana
Musa coccinea
Scarlet banana
Scarlet banana is an intriguing plant that captivates with its vibrant colors and unique characteristics. This striking plant is widely admired for its garden usage, as it adds a touch of tropical elegance to any landscape. One interesting fact about the scarlet banana is its economic value, as it is cultivated for its ornamental qualities. Additionally, its bright red flowers are known to attract a variety of insects and birds, making it a delightful addition to any pollinator garden. With its eye-catching blooms and fascinating ecological role, the scarlet banana is a must-have for any garden enthusiast.
Cavendish banana
Musa acuminata 'Dwarf Cavendish'
Cavendish banana
Cavendish banana is a dwarf hybrid of this popular fruit plant that has been grown indoors in temperate climates since Victorian times. This cultivar only grows to 2 m, much smaller than the parent plant. It is grown more for its evergreen leaves than its fruit, which only appears in perfect growing conditions.
popular genus

More Popular Genus

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Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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About
Key Facts
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How To Care
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More Genus
Musa
Musa
Musa
Musa
Musa
Musa
Musa
Musa
Being some of the most widely cultivated fruits in the world, many species of musa are of tremendous commercial importance to humans. Some of the less sweet, more starchy edible varieties are referred to as "plantains," but these belong to the same genus as well. Musa and plantains have been incorporated into cuisines all over the globe - they are a staple food that can be found everywhere from Western supermarkets to tiny, remote villages. Globally, the world produces over 115,000,000 metric tonnes of musa per year!
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Plant Type
Tree
info

Key Facts About Musa

feedback
Feedback
feedback

Attributes of Musa

Plant Height
4 m
Spread
2 m
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 38 ℃

Scientific Classification of Musa

distribution

Distribution of Musa

feedback
Feedback
feedback

Distribution Map of Musa

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
care detail

How to Grow and Care for Musa

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Musa is recognized for its lush, tropical foliage and striking presence in a garden or indoor setting. Basic care needs for musa involve ample sunlight, consistent watering while avoiding waterlogged soil, and warm temperatures, ideally above 60°F (15°C). The soil should be fertile, well-draining, and kept moist but not saturated. Common challenges include pests like spider mites and aphids, as well as diseases such as banana wilt and leaf spot. Environmental sensitivities consist of cold temperatures and strong winds. Seasonal considerations entail providing extra moisture in hot summers, ensuring adequate drainage during rainy seasons, and protecting musa from frost in winter. Indoor musa may require additional humidity and less frequent watering during cooler months.
More Info About Caring for Musa
species

Exploring the Musa Plants

feedback
Feedback
feedback
8 most common species:
Musa acuminata
Edible banana
Edible banana (Musa acuminata) is an edible evergreen perennial plant native to Southwest Asia. Some people may perceive edible banana to be a tree, but it is a perennial plant. Edible banana is one of the earlier domesticated plants by humans in the history of evolution. The cultivation of these plants for fruit is a major industry. They are also cultivated as ornamental plants.
Musa basjoo
Hardy banana
Hardy banana (Musa basjoo) is a cold-hardy banana plant that produces inedible bananas, but is prized for its ornamental foliage. Native to Japan, it can grow in North America as far north as New England if it's mulched to keep its roots warm.
Musa velutina
Pink banana
Pink banana is a wild banana species that is thought to be a trendy ornamental plant due to its unusual vibrant pink bananas and luscious green leaves. It is grown in indoor spaces such as greenhouses and conservatories in colder climates and outdoors in warmer regions.
Musa paradisiaca
Banana
Banana is a popular fruit with a rich history dating back centuries. The fruit’s sweet taste is easily identifiable, and it is a staple food in several countries. The tree is grown commercially in warm climate regions and private gardens and is recognizable by its large leaves and oblong-shaped fruits.
Show More Species

All Species of Musa

popular genus

More Popular Genus

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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Your Ultimate Guide to Plants
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17,000 local species +400,000 global species studied
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Nearly 5 years of research
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80+ scholars in botany and gardening
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