Botanical name: Myrtaceae
Botanical name: Myrtaceae
Species of Myrtle
Metrosideros are one of the most common plant genera in the Pacific. They include a large number of trees, vines, and shrubs that are often cultivated for their ornamental features, and within their native habitat, they are usually grown as street trees. The majority of metrosideros have distinctive, fuzzy red flowers, though many cultivars were developed to bear yellow or orange flowers.
Xanthostemon are flowering trees and shrubs. They are found in Australia and Southeast Asia, and were first described by the 19th-century German botanist Ferdinand von Mueller. Some species of xanthostemon are popular as garden ornamentals. The Australian species can resprout after bushfires.
The tea trees (genus Leptospermum) are a diverse group of flowering trees and small shrubs in the myrtle family. Sporting showy flowers and often quite drought tolerant, tea trees are popular ornamental plants, especially in the Antipodes (where they are native) and the western United States. When bees exclusively source their nectar from tea trees, they produce a honey that is marketed as Manuka Honey, which is almost exclusively grown in New Zealand and is thus strongly associated with that country.
Corymbia form a large genus of flowering trees that are very closely related to (and used to be included in the same genus as) Eucalyptus trees. Many species within the genus are planted as ornamentals, especially in their native Australia. A few species also provide a niche hardwood timber, while others produce an oil very similar to Eucalyptus oil.
It is native to the Valdivian temperate rain forests of Chile and Argentina. They are shrubs or small trees with evergreen foliage and smooth red or orange bark, typically reaching 10 to 20 m tall and up to 91 cm in trunk diameter. The leaves are opposite, oval, entire, glossy dark green. The flowers have four white petals and numerous stamens; the fruit is a small purple or black berry.
The myrtles (Myrtus) are a very small group of evergreen shrubs and small trees. Renowned for their beauty and their good responses to trimming, myrtles have been cultivated ornamentally and as parts of hedgerows for thousands of years. Associated with both Demeter and Aphrodite in ancient Greek times, myrtles can symbolize everything from innocence to abundance to celebration in Western traditions.
It contains only one known species, endemic to New Zealand. It is found there on both the North Island and the South Island.
The bottlebrushes (Callistemon) are a sizable group of flowering shrubs in the myrtle family. Bottlebrushes are so-named because of their flowers – growing in long cylindrical clusters and sporting very long, straight stamens, they bear a strong resemblance to the brushes used to clean bottles. These plants' showy blooms, which tend to show up from mid-spring through early summer, have made them quite popular as ornamentals.
The tea trees are a genus of shrubs that can be found throughout Asia. In addition to providing cover for animals, some species, such as the Tea tree, have been used for their oil. It can be found in a wide variety of habitats and in gardens it is often used for ornamental screens .
Lillipillies are a large genus of well over one thousand trees or shrubs that have dark, glossy, aromatic foliage. Some species have become popular garden plants that are grown for their attractive evergreen foliage. Other species such as the roseapple are edible and cultivated for their fruit or the clove Syzygium aromaticum which is an important spice crop. Lillipillies are usually evergreens native to subtropical and tropical areas of the Old World.