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Myrtle

Botanical name: Myrtaceae

Myrtle
Botanical name: Myrtaceae

Species of Myrtle

Lillipillies

Lillipillies are a large genus of well over one thousand trees or shrubs that have dark, glossy, aromatic foliage. Some species have become popular garden plants that are grown for their attractive evergreen foliage. Other species such as the roseapple are edible and cultivated for their fruit or the clove Syzygium aromaticum which is an important spice crop. Lillipillies are usually evergreens native to subtropical and tropical areas of the Old World.

Tea trees

The tea trees (genus Leptospermum) are a diverse group of flowering trees and small shrubs in the myrtle family. Sporting showy flowers and often quite drought tolerant, tea trees are popular ornamental plants, especially in the Antipodes (where they are native) and the western United States. When bees exclusively source their nectar from tea trees, they produce a honey that is marketed as Manuka Honey, which is almost exclusively grown in New Zealand and is thus strongly associated with that country.

Corymbia

Corymbia form a large genus of flowering trees that are very closely related to (and used to be included in the same genus as) Eucalyptus trees. Many species within the genus are planted as ornamentals, especially in their native Australia. A few species also provide a niche hardwood timber, while others produce an oil very similar to Eucalyptus oil.

Darwinia

Guavaberry

Scholtzia

Myrtles

The myrtles (Myrtus) are a very small group of evergreen shrubs and small trees. Renowned for their beauty and their good responses to trimming, myrtles have been cultivated ornamentally and as parts of hedgerows for thousands of years. Associated with both Demeter and Aphrodite in ancient Greek times, myrtles can symbolize everything from innocence to abundance to celebration in Western traditions.

Xanthostemon

Xanthostemon are flowering trees and shrubs. They are found in Australia and Southeast Asia, and were first described by the 19th-century German botanist Ferdinand von Mueller. Some species of xanthostemon are popular as garden ornamentals. The Australian species can resprout after bushfires.

Bottlebrushes

The bottlebrushes (Callistemon) are a sizable group of flowering shrubs in the myrtle family. Bottlebrushes are so-named because of their flowers – growing in long cylindrical clusters and sporting very long, straight stamens, they bear a strong resemblance to the brushes used to clean bottles. These plants' showy blooms, which tend to show up from mid-spring through early summer, have made them quite popular as ornamentals.

Tea trees

The tea trees are a genus of shrubs that can be found throughout Asia. In addition to providing cover for animals, some species, such as the Tea tree, have been used for their oil. It can be found in a wide variety of habitats and in gardens it is often used for ornamental screens .

Pimenta

Waxflower

Angophora

Metrosideros

Metrosideros

Metrosideros are one of the most common plant genera in the Pacific. They include a large number of trees, vines, and shrubs that are often cultivated for their ornamental features, and within their native habitat, they are usually grown as street trees. The majority of metrosideros have distinctive, fuzzy red flowers, though many cultivars were developed to bear yellow or orange flowers.

Hypocalymma

Neomyrtus

It contains only one known species, endemic to New Zealand. It is found there on both the North Island and the South Island.

Featherflowers

Luma

It is native to the Valdivian temperate rain forests of Chile and Argentina. They are shrubs or small trees with evergreen foliage and smooth red or orange bark, typically reaching 10 - 20 m tall and up to 91 cm in trunk diameter. The leaves are opposite, oval, entire, glossy dark green. The flowers have four white petals and numerous stamens; the fruit is a small purple or black berry.

Backhousia

Rhodamnia

Euryomyrtus

Baeckea

Baeckea can grow large in damp heaths and coastal habitats, but stay small on mountain cliffs or dry grasslands. These tropical plants have vibrant green oval leaves and small white to pink flowers. The leaves are sometimes used to drive away insects, and the branches can be fashioned into a homemade broom.

Rodwood

Archirhodomyrtus

Guavas

Guavas have many species which are widely cultivated. They are a large genus of tropical trees or shrubs, some of which can be energetic colonizers interrupting the growth patterns of native species where they have been introduced. Some species within the genus produce edible fruit.

Stoppers

Stopperss are found in warmer climates and are used for ornamental hedges or as large potted plants. The evergreen plants produce small flowers in the summer and brightly colored berries in the fall, supplying year-round color. Species in the genus have attractive dense, glossy foliage and a fast growth rate.

Lophomyrtus

Lophomyrtus consists of evergreen shrubs or trees, noted for their colorful leaves, which are purple, chocolate, red or bronze-green. The entire genus is endemic to New Zealand.

Lophostemon

Lophostemon are a genus of evergreen trees originating from Oceania. These trees are commonly grown along the streets thanks to their disease and pest resistance, and are also valued for their hard, strong wood, which is suitable for construction. The stems of the trees belonging to this genus release a milky sap when cut.

Babingtonia

Willow myrtle

Calytrix

Rhodomyrtus

Rhodomyrtus is a group of shrubs and trees in the family Myrtaceae described as a genus in 1841. The genus is native to southern China, the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, Melanesia, and Australia.

Scientific Classification

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