Botanical name: Oleaceae
Botanical name: Oleaceae
Species of Olive
Most species in the genus known as easter trees are native to East Asia. They get this common name because so many of them blossom around that time of year. They produce beautiful, four-petaled yellow flowers in early spring, before growing leaves. Hardy, low maintenance, and sporting both attractive flowers and a graceful form, easter tree species are very popular as ornamentals.
Olea are a group of mostly shrubs and small trees native to warm, sub-tropical, and tropical regions. This genus is renowned for its fruits, which have been cultivated for millennia. They remain a staple ingredient in various Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cuisines but have many other culinary uses worldwide. Furthermore, the oil from many of these species is used for soaps, perfumes, and other cosmetic products. Some trees even have hard enough wood to use for timber.
Ashes are trees commonly used in manufacturing to make products ranging from baseball bats to wooden tools to archery bows. They also make for good firewood. These trees figure prominently in some cultures' mythology. In Norse legend, for example, the world's first man is said to have been formed from the wood of an ash tree. Ashes are commonly grown throughout the world.
There are five currently accepted species in the genus: three species are endemic to New Zealand, while one can be found on New Zealand and Norfolk Island. Another is restricted to Hawaiʻi. Nestegis species are evergreen trees or shrubs. The leaves are opposite, simple, entire, and coriaceous. The inflorescence is axillary, decussate, sometimes terminal and somewhat paniculate. The corolla is either absent or four-lobed with a short tube. The fruit is a drupe containing a single seed.
Famous for both their intoxicating aroma and their beautiful colors (they usually come in shades of purple, but can also be white or pink), lilacs are a mainstay at parks and gardens around the world. Symbolic of love in many cultures, lilacs are also featured in poetry.
Myxopyrum is a plant genus native to India southern China Southeast Asia and New Guinea. There are at present (as of spring 2014) 4 recognized species.
Schrebera is a genus of plant in the Oleaceae family found in Peru tropical and southern Africa India and Southeast Asia. As of fall 2013 the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognises 8 species.
Cartrema is a genus of a few species of flowering plants in the family Oleaceae, native to southeastern Asia, southern China, and North America.
Osmanthuss are a relatively small group of evergreen shrubs and small trees. Many species within the genus, sporting long, graceful leaves, and bundles of white flowers are popular as ornamentals in parks and gardens. Several species within the genus are used to make teas, wines, and even perfumes.
Korean Abelialeaf is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the olive family, Oleaceae. It consists of one speciesm, endemic to Korea. It is a deciduous shrub growing to 1 to 2 m tall. The leaves are opposite, simple, 6 to 10 cm long and 3 to 4.5 cm wide, pubescent both above and below. The flowers are white and fragrant, about 1 cm long, with a four-lobed corolla. The fruit is a round, winged samara 2 to 3 cm diameter.
Fringetrees are a large group of flowering forbs, shrubs, and small trees that are mostly native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world. Most fringetrees are evergreen, but a handful native to temperate areas are deciduous, and these happen to be among the most well-known of the genus.
Fontanesia is a genus which usually treated as comprising a single species. It is a deciduous shrub growing to 8 m tall. The leaves are opposite, lanceolate to narrow ovate, with an acute apex and a usually entire margin, sometimes finely serrated. The flowers are white, with a deeply four-lobed corolla; they are produced in panicles. The fruit is a flat samara, surrounded by a wing. It is native to southern Europe, southwestern Asia and eastern Asia.
Swampprivets are flowering plants. Most plants in this genus grow as shrubs. The medium-sized shrubs are multi-trunked, growing upright and forming an attractive rounded shape. The limbs are covered in pale grey bark that contrasts beautifully with the green leaves. Their attractive appearance makes them popular as specimen or accent plantings.
Menodora is a genus of perennial plants and shrubs in the olive family Oleaceae. Its 23 species are found in the temperate Americas and in southern Africa. The usually bisexual flowers have a united calyx with 5-10 lobes (rarely more), while the corolla is similarly united but with 4-6 lobes. The fruit is a didymous, bilobed capsule with each globose locule or lobe containing 2-4 seeds. Leaf shape within the genus is highly variable, ranging from short and linear to almost feathery and pinnatisect.
Nyctanthes are shrubs or small trees growing to 10 m tall, with flaky bark. The leaves are opposite, simple. The flowers are produced in small clusters of two to seven together. The fruit is a two-parted capsule, with a single seed in each part. Nyctanthes is native to southeastern Asia. It is currently accepted as containing two species.
Jasmine is a sizable and iconic genus. It boasts many species, most of which are native to tropical and subtropical southeast Asia. The delicate, often pale flowers are prized for both their fragrance and their beauty, and as such are used in perfumes and as ornamentals. Some species are used to make jasmine tea. Flowers in this genus also hold great symbolic stature; Syria, Indonesia, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Thailand all consider jasmine flowers to be national symbols.
Plants of the genus Ligustrum, commonly known as privets, hail mainly from Asia, with a handful of species being native to Europe or North Africa. They are hardy shrubs or small trees that grow thickly and often retain their leaves year-round. For this reason, several species within the genus are very popular as hedge plants. Privets also tend to produce copious quantities of berries which, in turn, attract birds. While the plants are common ornamentals, their toughness and adaptability have also made them pesky invaders in some places, including parts of the U.S.