Botanical name: Papaveraceae
Botanical name: Papaveraceae
Species of Poppy
Bleeding-Hearts are recognizable by their finely divided leaves and heart-shaped, spurred flowers borne on leafless stems. Many bleeding-Hearts are regarded as ornamental plants, not only for their attractive flowers with a long blooming season, but also for their ability to thrive in shady places.
Celandine-poppies are low-growing, flowering woodland poppies native to North America and China. They are recognizable for their yellow blooms and incised, hairy leaves with a shape reminiscent of oak leaves. Celandine-poppies are mostly found in forested, shady to partially-sunny locations with rich soils, especially along stream banks. They can get confused with an unrelated European species called Lesser Celandine (Ranunculus ficaria) which is considered invasive in the United States.
Bocconia is a genus of flowering plants in the poppy family, Papaveraceae, that contains about 10 species.
Poppy is a genus of annual plant in the family Papaveraceae. It has only one species, which is native to California and north western Mexico.
Snow-poppies includes only one species. This perennial herb produces stolons from its branching rootstock, spreading to form patches on the ground. Its roots are orange. The leaves are all basal, borne on bluish petioles. The leaf blades are heart-shaped or kidney-shaped, with wavy, scalloped edges. They are greenish, sometimes with a purple tinge on the undersides. The scape is blue-gray with a mauve tint. The four white petals are arranged in two layers. The fruit is a capsule. It is native to China.
Pseudofumaria are a tiny genus of long-blooming plants that are native to Europe. All members of this genus are cultivated as ornamentals, thanks to their beautiful flowers, and make great additions to bee and butterfly gardens. All species have clusters of small, narrow yellow trumpet flowers adapted for nectar feeders.
The rock harlequin are a genus with one singular species in the genus: Capnoides sempervirens. These plants will often be found growing in disturbed areas where fire scorched the land, blooming between spring and fall. Rock harlequin are recognizable by their little cluster of dainty, tubular-shaped flowers.
Eastern horned poppies
Eastern horned poppies is a genus in the poppy family Papaveraceae, the species of which are native to the Himalaya and western China. Although resembling the true horned poppies of Glaucium, they have stigmas with two lobes and fruit with only traces of the "horns".
It is a perennial whose erect stems are somewhat woody at the base, and may reach 61 cm in height. The leaves are finely divided into many gray-green linear lobes. The flowers are solitary yellow cups formed from four overlapping petals, vaguely resembling the unrelated tulip. The long thin fruits are also reminiscent of Eschscholzia. Tulip poppy containing the single species native to the highlands of Mexico. It is typically found in the Chihuahuan Desert and south into central Mexico.
There are many species of fumeworts, which are delicate flowering plants that grow vibrant blue, purple, white, or yellow blooms. The flowers are often cup-shaped, and their most popular use is as ornamental flowering plants in cultivated gardens.
Large-Flowered Dicentra is a monotypic genus. It is a perennial plant growing from a long rhizome, native to woodland and glades at elevations of 1494 to 2713 m in northern Burma and southern China. Leaves of large-Flowered Dicentra are divided in threes twice or three times and toothed. Flowers hang at the end of leafy stems up to 1.006 m tall in cymes of 3-14 flowers and have two long, thin sepals and four cream to pale yellow petals. The two outer petals are bent outwards. The two inner petals are connected at the tip and pointed.
Matilija poppies are a genus of perennials with deeply branched roots. Native to North America, they can often be found in areas that have recently been burned. It's Latin name, Romneya, derives from astronomer John Thomas Romney Robinson. Matilija poppies are particularly notable for their large white flowers which are the biggest of the entire Papaveraceae family.
Adlumia is a genus of two species in the Papaveraceae family. It is found in the North America and East Asia.
Bleeding heart comprise a small genus of one species in the poppy family. They were first introduced to the western world via England in the mid-19th century by the Scottish botanist and plant hunter Robert Fortune. Since then, bleeding heart have become popular garden plants, notable for their hanging, heart-shaped, pink-and-white flowers growing in long clusters.
Plume poppy are a genus of flowering, ornamental plants. In the wild, some species tend to have a more invasive nature. These plants are self-seeding, meaning they can spread rapidly if not managed. Members of the genus have a poisonous sap, so it is important to wear gloves when handling these plants.
Himalayan poppy is a genus of flowering plants in the family Papaveraceae. It is found in England, Wales, Ireland, the fringes of Western Europe and Himalayas.
Canada Puccoon is a genus consisting of a single species. It is a perennial, herbaceous flowering plant with white blooms, and poisonous red sap - the trait that earned the species and the genus its nickname "Bloodroot." The shape of the leaf and the flower can be highly variable, sometimes making identification difficult.
Sarcocapnos is a genus of at least 6 species of somewhat fleshy, cushion-forming annual to perennial plants, native to cliffs in the French Pyrenees, Spain, and north Africa. As in the genus Corydalis (but unlike Dicentra), the flowers are zygomorphic, that is, they have bilateral symmetry.
Fumitory is a genus of about 60 species of annual flowering plants in the family Papaveraceae. The genus is native to Europe, Africa and Asia, most diverse in the Mediterranean region, and introduced to North, South America and Australia.
Prickly poppies are flowering herbs native to warm and often dry regions of the Americas, as well as Hawaii. As their common name "Prickly poppies" suggests, they are characterized by prickly foliage and stems, and typical four-petal poppy-shaped flowers. They represent resilient plants that thrive in adverse conditions, and are often one of the first wildflowers to colonize disturbed habitats in their native regions.
Celandiness are a small genus of flowering herbaceous perennials. Belonging to the poppy family, the genus is characterized by alternate, deeply lobed leaves and yellow flowers. Some species make for great groundcover in woodland gardens while others may be invasive. Some regions restrict the cultivation of the invasive species.
Dendromecon grow from seeds on the ground or dispersed by wildlife in full or partial sun, producing solitary bright-colored flowers on its branching stems from spring to fall in warmer climates. The fast-growing shrubs are commonly used as ornamental garden and landscaping plants, where they attract bees, butterflies, and other pollinators in warmer climates.
Poppies are multitudinous flowers whose petals feature a crinkly paper-like texture. The stems are leafless and when planted in masses, give the illusion of a sea of flowers floating in the wind. These sun-loving plants are low maintenance and will reseed, producing new generations for years to come. Attractive to butterflies, bees, and other pollinators, this plant is a natural companion for vegetables and other flowering plants. In France and in many English-speaking countries, poppies are symbolic of the sacrifices made in World War One.
Golden poppies is a small genus in the Poppy family. The genus' Latin name is in honor of the 19th century Baltic-German and Imperial Russian botanist Johann Friedrich von Eschscholtzenus. The leaves of all species are deeply cut, and decorative flowers bear yellow or orange petals.
With their remarkable salt tolerance, horned poppies are able to thrive in saline habitats and salty growing environments. Thanks to this feature, they are often used to stabilize beach sand. These flowering plants produce poppy-like flowers with four large, broad petals and numerous stamens. Some horned poppies are cultivated as ornamentals.
Climbing dicentra is a genus of frost-tender perennial or annual climbers native to the Himalayas, northern Burma, central southern China, and northern Vietnam. Leaves are compound, with leaflets arranged in threes (perennial species) or pinnately (mostly annuals). Flowers are heart-shaped and have four pale yellow to orange petals. The fruit is a capsule with two valves, dehiscent in most species.
The platystemon genus contains only one species, Platystemon californicus. These plants are native to western parts of North America. Their showy cream-colored flowers make them popular ornamental garden plants. Thanks to their hairy and fleshy leaves that conserve water, they are able to successfully live in arid environments.
Ehrendorferia is a genus of two species of biennial and perennial herbaceous plants native to wildfire-prone areas of California and the Baja California peninsula.