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Turkey tangle
Turkey tangle
Turkey tangle
Turkey tangle
Turkey tangle
Turkey tangle
Turkey tangle
Phyla nodiflora
Also known as : Frogfruit, Sawtooth fogfruit, Carpetweed, Matgrass
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
7 to 11
care guide

Care Guide for Turkey tangle

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Fertilizing Care
Fertilizing Care
Details on Fertilizing Care Fertilizing Care
Pruning
Pruning
Trim the dead, diseased, overgrown branches in winter.
Details on Pruning Pruning
Soil Care
Soil Care
Sand, Loam, Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
Details on Soil Care Soil Care
Ideal Lighting
Ideal Lighting
Full sun, Partial sun
Details on Sunlight Requirements Ideal Lighting
Ideal Temperature
Ideal Temperature
7 to 11
Details on Temperature Ideal Temperature
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Turkey tangle
Water
Water
Every week
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
7 to 11
Planting Time
Planting Time
Mid spring
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Questions About Turkey tangle

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Turkey tangle?
When watering the Turkey tangle, you should aim to use filtered water that is at room temperature. Filtered water is better for this plant, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to its health. The reason that the water should be at room temperature or slightly warmer is that the Turkey tangle comes from a warm environment, and cold water can be somewhat of a shock to its system. Also, you should avoid overhead watering for this plant, as it can cause foliage complications. Instead, simply apply your filtered room temperature water to the soil until the soil is entirely soaked. Soaking the soil can be very beneficial for this plant as it moistens the roots and helps them continue to spread through the soil and collect the nutrients they need.
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What should I do if I water my Turkey tangle too much or too little?
Both overwatering and underwatering will be detrimental to the health of your Turkey tangle, but overwatering is a far more common issue. When this species receives too much water, its stems and leaves may begin to wilt and turn from green to yellow. Overwatering over a prolonged period may also lead to diseases such as root rot, mold, and mildew, all of which can kill your plant. Underwatering is far less common for the Turkey tangle, as this plant has decent drought tolerance. However, underwatering remains a possibility, and when it occurs, you can expect to find that the leaves of your Turkey tangle have become brittle and brown. It is crucial that you notice the signs of overwatering as soon as possible when caring for your Turkey tangle. Some of the diseases that arise from overwatering, such as root rot, may not be correctable if you wait too long. If you see early signs of overwatering, you should reduce your watering schedule immediately. You may also want to assess the quality of soil in which your Turkey tangle grows. If you find that the soil drains very poorly, you should replace it immediately with a loose, well-draining potting mix. On the other hand, if you find signs that your Turkey tangle is receiving too little water, all you need to do is water more regularly until those signs have subsided.
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How often should I water my Turkey tangle?
If your plant is in a pot. The most precise way to decide whether your Turkey tangle needs water is to plunge your finger into the soil. If you notice that the first two to three inches of soil have become dry, it is time to add some water. If you grow your Turkey tangle outdoors in the ground, you can use a similar method to test the soil. Again, when you find that the first few inches of soil have dried out, it is time to add water. During the spring and early fall, this method will often lead you to water this plant about once every week. When extremely hot weather arrives, you may need to increase your watering frequency to about twice or more per week. With that said, mature, well-established the Turkey tangle can show an admirable ability to withstand drought.
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How much water does my Turkey tangle need?
When it comes time to water your Turkey tangle, you should not be shy about how much water you give. With the first two to three inches of soil dry, this plant will appreciate a long and thorough watering. Supply enough water to soak the soil entirely. The amount of water you add should be enough to cause excess water to flow through the drainage holes at the bottom of your pot. If you don’t see excess water draining from the pot, you have likely underwatered your plant. But do not let the water accumulate inside the soil, which will be very dangerous to the plant as well. Alternatively, a lack of water draining through the pot could indicate poorly draining soils, which is detrimental to the health of this plant and should be avoided. If the plant is outside, 1 inch of rain per week will be sufficient.
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How should I water my Turkey tangle at different growth stages?
The water needs of the Turkey tangle can change depending on growth stages as well. For example, when your Turkey tangle is in the first few years of its life, or if you have just transplanted it to a new growing location, you will need to give more water than usual. During both of those stages, your Turkey tangle will put a lot of energy towards sprouting new roots that will then support future growth. For those roots to perform their best, they need a bit more moisture than they would at a more mature phase. After a few seasons, your Turkey tangle will need much less water. Another growth stage in which this plant may need more water is during the bloom period. Flower development can make use of a significant amount of moisture, which is why you might need to give your Turkey tangle more water at this time.
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How should I water my Turkey tangle through the seasons?
The Turkey tangle will have its highest water needs during the hottest months of the year. During the height of summer, you may need to give this plant water more than once per week, depending on how fast the soil dries out. The opposite is true during the winter. In winter, your plant will enter a dormant phase, in which it will need far less water than usual. In fact, you may not need to water this plant at all during the winter months. However, if you do water during winter, you should not do so more than about once per month. Watering too much at this time will make it more likely that your Turkey tangle will contract a disease.
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What's the difference between watering my Turkey tangle indoors and outdoors?
It is most common to grow the Turkey tangle indoors for any gardener that does not live in temperate and tropical regions. Those gardeners should consider the fact that soil in a container can dry out a bit faster than ground soil. Also, the presence of drying elements such as air conditioning units can cause your Turkey tangle to need water on a more frequent basis as well. if you planted it outside. When that is the case, it’s likely you won’t need to water your Turkey tangle very much at all. If you receive rainfall on a regular basis, that may be enough to keep your plant alive. Alternatively, those who grow this plant inside will need to water it more often, as allowing rainwater to soak the soil will not be an option.
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Key Facts About Turkey tangle

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Attributes of Turkey tangle

Lifespan
Perennial, Annual
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
Mid spring
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer, Fall
Harvest Time
All year round
Plant Height
20 cm
Spread
1 m
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
5 mm to 3 cm
Flower Color
White
Pink
Stem Color
Green
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 38 ℃
Growth Season
Summer
Pollinators
Butterflies
Benefits to Pollinating Insects
Adult food, Larval food
Growth Rate:Rapid
During the summer, turkey tangle's rapid growth manifests in a profusion of small, fragrant flowers, boosted leaf production, and height increase, adapting to bright sun and heat optimally. Despite growth moderation in other seasons, summer's speed favors the plant's robust development and ground-covering capabilities.

Name story

Turkey tangle

Usages

Garden Use

Trivia and Interesting Facts

Scientific Classification of Turkey tangle

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Turkey tangle

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Common issues for Turkey tangle based on 10 million real cases
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Stem rot
Stem rot is a debilitating disease affecting Turkey tangle, characterized by decay and weakness in the stem, potentially leading to plant death. It is vital to understand and control for agricultural and ecological well-being.
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Solutions: For less serious cases: Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread. To treat more serious infestations: Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Flower withering
Flower withering Flower withering
Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Solutions: If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible. For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface. In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well. If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Solutions: Bacterial infections need to be treated quickly to prevent the spread to neighboring, healthy plants, potentially wiping out large sections of your indoor or outdoor garden. In mild cases: Use sterilized (10% bleach solution) pruning shears or scissors to remove any infected plant parts, making sure to dispose of them off site. Use a copper-based bactericide to treat the unaffected foliage, as well as the soil, and neighboring plants. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label. In severe cases, where more than half the leaves are affected: Remove all of the infected plants from the garden, disposing of them off site. Treat the soil and neighboring plants using a copper-based bactericide. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
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plant poor
Stem rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Stem rot Disease on Turkey tangle?
What is Stem rot Disease on Turkey tangle?
Stem rot is a debilitating disease affecting Turkey tangle, characterized by decay and weakness in the stem, potentially leading to plant death. It is vital to understand and control for agricultural and ecological well-being.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The symptoms in Turkey tangle include wilting, stem discoloration to a dark brown hue, visible fungal structures on the stem, and eventual collapse of the plant.
What Causes Stem rot Disease on Turkey tangle?
What Causes Stem rot Disease on Turkey tangle?
1
Fungal Infection
Specific fungi, such as Sclerotium rolfsii, infiltrate the stem tissues, causing decay.
2
Poor Drainage
Excessive moisture from inadequate soil drainage fosters fungal growth.
3
Wounded Tissue
Mechanical damage or insect activity can expose stem tissues to fungal invasion.
How to Treat Stem rot Disease on Turkey tangle?
How to Treat Stem rot Disease on Turkey tangle?
1
Non pesticide
Remove Affected Parts: Prune deteriorated stem sections to prevent further spread of the disease.

Soil Solarization: Use heat from the sun to kill fungi in the soil during hot weather.

Improve Drainage: Modify the soil to enhance water flow and avert standing moisture.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide Application: Apply appropriate fungicides as directed to infected areas to control fungal spread.
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Leaf beetles
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Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Overview
Overview
Leaf beetles range in size from 1.5 mm to 2 cm. Both adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of many different types of plants. There are over 35,000 different species of leaf beetles, in a variety of colors including gold, green, yellow-striped, and red striped. Some of these have been mistaken for ladybirds because of their shape and coloring. They can be oval, round, or elongated in shape. These insect pests are most active in spring and summer.
If not controlled, leaf beetles can do a lot of damage to vegetable crops and ornamental plants. They feed on the leaves, flowers, stems, roots, and fruits of different plants. They can fly, which means it's easy for them to move from one plant to another. Some species of leaf beetles only target one specific crop, while others will target many different types of plants. Although a lot of the damage that they cause is cosmetic, an infestation can weaken a plant and leave it prone to other more problematic diseases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The first signs of a leaf beetles infestation are small visible holes in leaves. Leaves then become discolored and dark beetle droppings can be seen. As the leaves turn yellow and brown, they will drop off the plant onto the ground. Some leaves will appear skeletonized with only the veins still remaining.
Infestation begins in spring, when the adult beetles emerge from the soil and lay their eggs on the leaves of plants. When these eggs hatch, the young nymphs start munching on the leaves as they grow up. Once leaf beetles are large and mature, they'll fall to the ground and pupate in the soil over winter before starting the cycle all over again.
Leaf beetles also eat holes in fruits and vegetables. These can be seen as small round holes that sometimes have a larger brown area surrounding them.
Solutions
Solutions
For less serious cases:
  1. Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread.
To treat more serious infestations:
  1. Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions.
  2. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
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Flower withering
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Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Overview
Overview
Flower withering occurs when flowers become weak, droopy, wilted, or faded until they can’t be revived. During withering, they begin to wrinkle and shrink until the flower becomes completely dry or dead.
Any flowers, regardless of the plant type or the climate they are grown in, are susceptible to withering. It is a worldwide problem across houseplants, herbs, flowering ornamentals, trees, shrubs, garden vegetables, and food crops.
Unlike wilting—which withering is often confused with—withering can be caused by different things and is often due to more than a lack of water. Withering can be fatal in severe cases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Flower withering progresses from very mild cases to severe occurrences that kill the flower. The severity of the symptoms is related to the cause and how long the condition is allowed to progress before action is taken.
  • Wilted, droopy flowers
  • Petals and leaves begin to wrinkle
  • Brown papery streaks or spots appear on the petals and leaf tips
  • Flowerhead shrink in size
  • Petal color fades
  • Yellowing leaves
  • Complete death of the flower
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The main causes of flower withering include natural age progress, lack of water, nutritional deficiencies, and bacterial or fungal diseases. It’s critical to determine the underlying cause when flower withering is noticed. This will guide the best course of action, if treatment is possible.
Check the soil for moisture and then closely examine the entire plant for signs of nutrient deficiencies. If neither of those appears to be the cause then cut open the stem below a flower. If a cross-section reveals brown or rust-colored stains it is safe to assume that this is a bacterial or fungal infection.
If the flower is nearing the end of its normal lifespan, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence, or cell aging and death. Cell division stops and the plant begins breaking down resources within the flower to use in other parts of the plant.
In all other cases, flower withering happens when the plant seals off the stem as a defense mechanism, stopping transport within the vascular system. This prevents further water loss through the flowers but also stops bacteria and fungi from moving to healthy parts of the plant. Once water and nutrient transport stops, the flower begins to wither and ultimately die.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
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Leaf rot
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Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Overview
Overview
Leaf rot is very common among both house plants and garden plants. It affects foliage and occurs mainly when the leaves become wet due to rain or misting by the gardener. The cause is fungal disease and this is facilitated by the fungal spores adhering to wet leaves then penetrating the leaf and expanding rapidly. Damp conditions and poor air circulation will increase chances of infection taking place. Another factor are leaves that are damaged or have been penetrated by sap sucking insects that facilitate plant penetration.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  1. Spores are able to cling to a damp leaf and penetrate, often through an existing wound.
  2. A small dark brown mark appears which expands rapidly as sporulation starts to take place.
  3. Quite quickly these bull's eye like circles can link together and the whole leaf turns dark and loses texture.
  4. Leaf drop occurs.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
These symptoms are caused by a bacterial infection invading the plant. Bacteria from many sources in the environment (air, water, soil, diseased plants) enter a plant through wounds, or in some cases the stomata when they are open. Once inside the leaf tissue, the bacteria feed and reproduce quickly, breaking down healthy leaves.
Bacterial infections threaten most plant species, and are more prominent in wet weather that more easily transfers the bacteria from plant to plant, or from soil to plant.
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weed

Weed Control About Turkey tangle

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Weeds
Turkey tangle is native to South America. Having spread across the world, it has been recorded as an invasive weed in twenty-six countries, including Australia, Japan, South Africa, and Spain. Turkey tangle grows rapidly and may adapt to many different soil types, although its preferred habitat is wetlands. It spreads quickly and can outcompete native species in yards or open waste spaces. Turkey tangle is often mistaken for its even more invasive cousin, Phyla canescens. If necessary, the weed can be physically removed through mowing and mulching. Likewise, the use of chemical controls (such as herbicides) may discourage or suppress its growth.
How to Control it
The best way to prevent turkey tangle from taking over your garden is to regularly maintain your lawn and plants, as well as to keep them as healthy and well-nourished as possible. Good prevention methods would include mowing your lawn high and sticking to the adequate fertilizing regime. Turkey tangle tends to grow in barren areas or among stressed or undernourished plants, as it can easily out-compete them. If it is already established in your garden and you would like to remove it, the optimal solution would be to use a herbicide.
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distribution

Distribution of Turkey tangle

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Habitat of Turkey tangle

Stream banks, grassy places
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Turkey tangle

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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More Info on Turkey Tangle Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Lighting
Full sun
Turkey tangle flourishes when exposed to sunlight all day, exhibiting optimal growth and health. It can also withstand periods of semi-sunny exposure, but might have stunted growth. Originating from environments where sun is abundant, it can struggle under inadequate sunlight. Excessively shaded environments may lead to wilting or death. Conversely, too much sun won't generally harm the plant.
Best Sunlight Practices
Transplant
15-18 inches
For turkey tangle, the prime transplanting window is from the rejuvenating weeks of early spring through the balmy days of late spring, ensuring root establishment before summer heat. Prefer sunny to part-shade locations with well-draining soil for a thriving transplant.
Transplant Techniques
Pruning
All year around
This creeping herbaceous groundcover thrives in warmer climates, often exhibiting rapid growth. Key pruning techniques for turkey tangle involve regular trimming to maintain shape and encourage denser foliage. Pruning can be done year-round, given the plant's perennial nature. Pinching back the tips promotes a bushier growth habit. Careful removal of any damaged or diseased parts is beneficial and prevents potential spreading of problems. Pruning not only enhances appearance but also improves overall plant health and vigor.
Pruning techniques
Propagation
Spring,Summer
Turkey tangle is a hearty, mat-forming perennial groundcover that thrives with ease. Propagation can be swiftly achieved via cuttings, ensuring quick establishment in new areas. While preparing cuttings, healthy, non-flowering shoots should be selected. Cut just below a node, as this area is rich in growth potential, rooting readily when introduced to a well-draining soil mix. For strong root development, a warm and humid microclimate is beneficial. Once rooted, turkey tangle adapts quickly to its surroundings, spreading to form a dense cover.
Propagation Techniques
Stem rot
Stem rot is a debilitating disease affecting Turkey tangle, characterized by decay and weakness in the stem, potentially leading to plant death. It is vital to understand and control for agricultural and ecological well-being.
Read More
Non-base branch withering
Non-base branch withering is a disease affecting Turkey tangle, leading to withered branches and compromised plant health. It undermines plant vigor and may result in decreased foliage and flowering.
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Soil fungus
Soil fungus is a disease impacting Turkey tangle, typically causing root rot, discoloration, and stunted growth. Managing the soil environment and applying fungicides are common countermeasures.
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Scars
Scars are physical damages on Turkey tangle caused by environmental stresses, pests, or mechanical injuries, manifesting as discolored, textured marks on its foliage and stems, affecting plant vigor and aesthetic value.
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Dark spots
Dark spots are a common disease affecting Turkey tangle, characterized by discolored patches on the foliage, potentially leading to reduced vigor and aesthetic depreciation of the plant.
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Leaf wilting
Leaf wilting is a crippling disease that affects the Turkey tangle by causing loss of turgidity leading to drooping or curling of leaves. The condition can lethally affect the plant's overall health and development due to hindered photosynthesis and nutrient distribution.
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Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering refers to a pathological condition affecting Turkey tangle, leading to drying and browning of its leaf ends. It predominantly hampers the plant's photosynthesis, nutritional intake, growth and aesthetic appeal, thereby impacting its overall health and vigour.
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Dark blotch
Dark blotch is a menacing disease affecting Turkey tangle, distorting its healthy growth through unpleasant blotches on the surfaces. Caused majorly by environmental conditions, this disease adversely impacts the plant's overall health and aesthetics.
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Yellow edges
Yellow edges is a plant disease that drastically affects Turkey tangle. The disease is characterized by the development of yellow edges on the leaves, leading to stunted growth and eventual death if left untreated. This comprehensive guide provides a detailed overview of causes, symptoms, cure, and prevention of Yellow edges in Turkey tangle.
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Spots
Spots on Turkey tangle are a fungal disease resulting in discolored lesions on the plant. This causes stress and aesthetic decline in Turkey tangle but rarely leads to death.
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Leaf rot
Leaf rot, caused by various fungi, poses a significant threat to Turkey tangle, leading to extensive damage to leaves and potentially the whole plant. Proper understanding of the disease's causes, symptoms, active periods, cure, and prevention could help manage the disease effectively.
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Mushrooms
The 'Mushrooms' disease in Turkey tangle is a fungal infection that leads to plant deterioration and potential death. It manifests through a variety of symptoms and affects the vitality of the plant.
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Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing is a common symptom affecting Turkey tangle, where leaves lose their green hue, undermining the plant's health and vigor.
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Scale insect
Scale insect disease on Turkey tangle weakens and can potentially kill the plant by sucking sap and inhibiting growth. Early detection and proper management are essential for control.
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Branch withering
Branch withering is a disease that leads to the progressive dying off of branches of Turkey tangle. This condition hampers the plant's growth and vitality and, if untreated, can result in death of the affected parts.
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White blotch
White blotch is a fungal infection affecting the health and aesthetics of Turkey tangle, characterized by white, spotted lesions on its leaves, potentially reducing the plant's vitality.
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Mealybug
Mealybug is a pest infestation afflicting numerous plants, including Turkey tangle. The disease stunts growth and causes leaf yellowing, impacting plant vigor and aesthetic value. Early detection is crucial for effective management.
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Notch
Notch is a destructive disease that affects the foliage and vitality of Turkey tangle, leading to compromised growth and potential plant death. It spreads easily and can significantly reduce the plant's aesthetic and health.
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Whole leaf withering
Whole leaf withering is a disease that affects Turkey tangle, leading to the deterioration and eventual withering of foliage, impeding the plant's growth and health.
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Black mold
Black mold is a fungal disease causing sooty, dark fungal growth on Turkey tangle, affecting photosynthesis and plant vigor, often leading to decline in health and growth when severe.
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Leaf blotch
Leaf blotch is a fungal disease that affects Turkey tangle, causing discolored lesions on the leaves, reduced growth, and possible plant death if unchecked.
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Symbolizes
Adaptability, strength in the face of adversity
Turkey tangle symbolizes adaptability and strength in the face of adversity.,These flowers thrive in warm climates and can often be found in disturbed areas.,With its delicate blooms, Turkey tangle adds a touch of whimsy to any garden.
Flower Meaning for Turkey tangle
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Plants Related to Turkey tangle

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Oriental lady's thumb
Oriental lady's thumb
Oriental lady's thumb is a native of Asia and in that region it is a common weed in the rice paddies. Oriental lady's thumb can also be found in Europe and North America, where it is also considered a weed. It thrives in moist, wet soil such as floodplains, marshes, mudflats, and levees.
Common mallow
Common mallow
Common mallow originates in Eurasia and is considered to be an invasive plant in North America. It can take hold quickly in disturbed soils, generating extensive taproot networks that are hard to eliminate. Its seeds can survive for a long time in the soil. Once the seed coat is broken and exposed to water, it can germinate. With its slightly rounded leaves, it is often mistaken for a geranium weed, but geranium leaves are more deeply-dissected.
Cheeseweed mallow
Cheeseweed mallow
Cheeseweed mallow (Malva parviflora) is a plant species native to Europe, Asia, and Northern Africa. Cheeseweed mallow has a variety of other common names including Egyptian mallow, marshmallow, small-flowered mallow, and mallow. This species is naturalized in many places.
Prince's feather
Prince's feather
Prince's feather (*Amaranthus hypochondriacus*) thrives in full sun and well-drained soil. Evidence of its cultivation in Central America dates back roughly 6000 years. A red food coloring can be derived from prince's feather, and it can also be planted in patios and walkways to add more color to your place.
Bur cucumber
Bur cucumber
Bur cucumber (Sicyos angulatus) is an annual vine in the gourd family that produces bur-like fruits. It’s indigenous to eastern North America. Other names for it include the star-cucumber and the one-seed bur cucumber. You can eat the leaves and fruit, just be careful of the spines that can easily break off.
Water hyacinth
Water hyacinth
Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is a fast-growing flowering plant species with ovular, waxy leaves. Water hyacinth is listed as a federal noxious weed in the United States. This species is invasive to ponds, lakes, rivers and other wetland habitats. It forms dense, floating mats of vegetation that restricts light to underwater environments.
Poison ivy
Poison ivy
In pop culture, poison ivy is a symbol of an obnoxious weed because, despite its unthreatening looks, it gives a highly unpleasant contact rash to the unfortunate person who touches it. Still, it is commonly eaten by many animals, and the seeds are a favorite with birds. The leaves turn bright red in fall. Its sister species, Western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii), is not considered to be invasive in the United States, but is noxious in Australia and New Zealand.
Pokeweed
Pokeweed
Although its berries look juicy and tempting, the fruits and the root of pokeweed are toxic and should not be eaten. Pokeweed is considered a pest species by farmers but is nevertheless often grown as an ornamental plant. Its berries can be made into pokeberry ink as well.
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Turkey tangle
Turkey tangle
Turkey tangle
Turkey tangle
Turkey tangle
Turkey tangle
Turkey tangle
Phyla nodiflora
Also known as: Frogfruit, Sawtooth fogfruit, Carpetweed, Matgrass
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
7 to 11
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Care Guide for Turkey tangle

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Questions About Turkey tangle

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Turkey tangle?
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Key Facts About Turkey tangle

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Attributes of Turkey tangle

Lifespan
Perennial, Annual
Plant Type
Herb
Planting Time
Mid spring
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer, Fall
Harvest Time
All year round
Plant Height
20 cm
Spread
1 m
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
5 mm to 3 cm
Flower Color
White
Pink
Stem Color
Green
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 38 ℃
Growth Season
Summer
Pollinators
Butterflies
Benefits to Pollinating Insects
Adult food, Larval food
Growth Rate:Rapid
During the summer, turkey tangle's rapid growth manifests in a profusion of small, fragrant flowers, boosted leaf production, and height increase, adapting to bright sun and heat optimally. Despite growth moderation in other seasons, summer's speed favors the plant's robust development and ground-covering capabilities.
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Name story

Turkey tangle

Usages

Garden Use

Trivia and Interesting Facts

Scientific Classification of Turkey tangle

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Common Pests & Diseases About Turkey tangle

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Common issues for Turkey tangle based on 10 million real cases
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Stem rot
Stem rot is a debilitating disease affecting Turkey tangle, characterized by decay and weakness in the stem, potentially leading to plant death. It is vital to understand and control for agricultural and ecological well-being.
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Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles Leaf beetles Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Solutions: For less serious cases: Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread. To treat more serious infestations: Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
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Flower withering
Flower withering Flower withering Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Solutions: If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible. For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface. In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well. If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
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Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
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Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Solutions: Bacterial infections need to be treated quickly to prevent the spread to neighboring, healthy plants, potentially wiping out large sections of your indoor or outdoor garden. In mild cases: Use sterilized (10% bleach solution) pruning shears or scissors to remove any infected plant parts, making sure to dispose of them off site. Use a copper-based bactericide to treat the unaffected foliage, as well as the soil, and neighboring plants. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label. In severe cases, where more than half the leaves are affected: Remove all of the infected plants from the garden, disposing of them off site. Treat the soil and neighboring plants using a copper-based bactericide. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
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Stem rot
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Stem rot Disease on Turkey tangle?
What is Stem rot Disease on Turkey tangle?
Stem rot is a debilitating disease affecting Turkey tangle, characterized by decay and weakness in the stem, potentially leading to plant death. It is vital to understand and control for agricultural and ecological well-being.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The symptoms in Turkey tangle include wilting, stem discoloration to a dark brown hue, visible fungal structures on the stem, and eventual collapse of the plant.
What Causes Stem rot Disease on Turkey tangle?
What Causes Stem rot Disease on Turkey tangle?
1
Fungal Infection
Specific fungi, such as Sclerotium rolfsii, infiltrate the stem tissues, causing decay.
2
Poor Drainage
Excessive moisture from inadequate soil drainage fosters fungal growth.
3
Wounded Tissue
Mechanical damage or insect activity can expose stem tissues to fungal invasion.
How to Treat Stem rot Disease on Turkey tangle?
How to Treat Stem rot Disease on Turkey tangle?
1
Non pesticide
Remove Affected Parts: Prune deteriorated stem sections to prevent further spread of the disease.

Soil Solarization: Use heat from the sun to kill fungi in the soil during hot weather.

Improve Drainage: Modify the soil to enhance water flow and avert standing moisture.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide Application: Apply appropriate fungicides as directed to infected areas to control fungal spread.
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Leaf beetles
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Leaf beetles
Leaf beetles are a class of colored insects 1 to 2 cm in size. They gnaw on leaves and petals resulting in small, round holes scattered over the surface.
Overview
Overview
Leaf beetles range in size from 1.5 mm to 2 cm. Both adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of many different types of plants. There are over 35,000 different species of leaf beetles, in a variety of colors including gold, green, yellow-striped, and red striped. Some of these have been mistaken for ladybirds because of their shape and coloring. They can be oval, round, or elongated in shape. These insect pests are most active in spring and summer.
If not controlled, leaf beetles can do a lot of damage to vegetable crops and ornamental plants. They feed on the leaves, flowers, stems, roots, and fruits of different plants. They can fly, which means it's easy for them to move from one plant to another. Some species of leaf beetles only target one specific crop, while others will target many different types of plants. Although a lot of the damage that they cause is cosmetic, an infestation can weaken a plant and leave it prone to other more problematic diseases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
The first signs of a leaf beetles infestation are small visible holes in leaves. Leaves then become discolored and dark beetle droppings can be seen. As the leaves turn yellow and brown, they will drop off the plant onto the ground. Some leaves will appear skeletonized with only the veins still remaining.
Infestation begins in spring, when the adult beetles emerge from the soil and lay their eggs on the leaves of plants. When these eggs hatch, the young nymphs start munching on the leaves as they grow up. Once leaf beetles are large and mature, they'll fall to the ground and pupate in the soil over winter before starting the cycle all over again.
Leaf beetles also eat holes in fruits and vegetables. These can be seen as small round holes that sometimes have a larger brown area surrounding them.
Solutions
Solutions
For less serious cases:
  1. Remove beetles, nymphs, and eggs. Remove all life stages of the beetles and kill them by placing them in a bucket of warm, soapy water. This can be done more easily by placing the bucket under affected leaves and shaking the plant. This method is most effective in the afternoon when leaf beetles are more active. Always dispose of insects in a sealed bag or container to avoid escape and spread.
To treat more serious infestations:
  1. Apply organic insecticides. Use naturally-derived insecticides before moving on to synthetic insecticides. Neem oil and pyrethrum are naturally-derived insecticides that should be applied following label instructions.
  2. Apply synthetic insecticides. Examples of insecticides effective for leaf beetles include carbaryl, permethrin, and bifenthrin. Apply insecticides according to label instructions.
Prevention
Prevention
To prevent infestations of leaf beetles, follow these practices.
  1. Regularly check for beetles. To prevent large pest infestations, be proactive about frequently checking plants for pests and removing them quickly.
  2. Clear debris. Clear weeds and debris to remove areas where these beetles may overwinter and hide.
  3. Attract natural predators. Birds and other insects, such as wasps and ladybugs, are effective natural predators of leaf beetles. Encourage them to visit by including a diverse array of plants to provide habitat and food. Also, avoid applying broad-spectrum herbicides that can harm and kill beneficial insects.
  4. Plant aromatic herbs like mint, garlic, or rosemary, as these can repel leaf beetles.
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Flower withering
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Flower withering
Flowers may dry out due to a sudden change in environment or because the plant has completed its normal flowering period.
Overview
Overview
Flower withering occurs when flowers become weak, droopy, wilted, or faded until they can’t be revived. During withering, they begin to wrinkle and shrink until the flower becomes completely dry or dead.
Any flowers, regardless of the plant type or the climate they are grown in, are susceptible to withering. It is a worldwide problem across houseplants, herbs, flowering ornamentals, trees, shrubs, garden vegetables, and food crops.
Unlike wilting—which withering is often confused with—withering can be caused by different things and is often due to more than a lack of water. Withering can be fatal in severe cases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Flower withering progresses from very mild cases to severe occurrences that kill the flower. The severity of the symptoms is related to the cause and how long the condition is allowed to progress before action is taken.
  • Wilted, droopy flowers
  • Petals and leaves begin to wrinkle
  • Brown papery streaks or spots appear on the petals and leaf tips
  • Flowerhead shrink in size
  • Petal color fades
  • Yellowing leaves
  • Complete death of the flower
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
The main causes of flower withering include natural age progress, lack of water, nutritional deficiencies, and bacterial or fungal diseases. It’s critical to determine the underlying cause when flower withering is noticed. This will guide the best course of action, if treatment is possible.
Check the soil for moisture and then closely examine the entire plant for signs of nutrient deficiencies. If neither of those appears to be the cause then cut open the stem below a flower. If a cross-section reveals brown or rust-colored stains it is safe to assume that this is a bacterial or fungal infection.
If the flower is nearing the end of its normal lifespan, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence, or cell aging and death. Cell division stops and the plant begins breaking down resources within the flower to use in other parts of the plant.
In all other cases, flower withering happens when the plant seals off the stem as a defense mechanism, stopping transport within the vascular system. This prevents further water loss through the flowers but also stops bacteria and fungi from moving to healthy parts of the plant. Once water and nutrient transport stops, the flower begins to wither and ultimately die.
Solutions
Solutions
If flower withering is a natural progression due to age, there is nothing that can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
For lack of water, immediately water the plant using room temperature rainwater, bottled spring water, or filtered tap water. Water container plants until excess water drains out the bottom; water in-ground plants until the soil is soaked but there isn’t standing water on the surface.
In the event of nutritional deficiencies, the best solution is to use a granular or water-soluble liquid fertilizer, and apply it to the soil at about half the recommended dosage. Keep it off the leaves and make sure granular products are watered into the soil well.
If the plant is infected with a bacterial or fungal pathogen, there is no course of treatment that cures the diseased plants. The best solution is to remove the infected plants and dispose of the plant material off-site. Do not put in a compost pile.
Prevention
Prevention
This is definitely one of those instances where prevention is more effective than cure. Here are some preventative measures for avoiding premature flower withering.
  • Water plants according to their needs -- either keep the soil slightly moist or allow the top inch or two to dry out before watering again.
  • Fertilize lightly on a consistent basis, depending upon the plant’s growth. Quick-growing plants and those that flower or develop fruit will need more frequent fertilizing than slow-growing plants.
  • Purchase plants that are certified disease- or pathogen-free.
  • Look for disease-resistant cultivars.
  • Isolate plants showing disease symptoms to prevent the spread to neighboring plants.
  • Practice good plant hygiene by removing any fallen plant material as soon as possible.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
Solutions
Solutions
In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary.
Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading.
  1. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear.
  2. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread.
  3. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Prevention
Prevention
Like many other diseases, it is easier to prevent brown spot than cure it, and this is done through cultural practices.
  • Clear fall leaves from the ground before winter to minimize places where fungi and bacteria can overwinter.
  • Maintain good air movement between plants through proper plant spacing.
  • Increase air circulation through the center of plants through pruning.
  • Thoroughly clean all pruning tools after working with diseased plants.
  • Never dispose of disease plant material in a compost pile.
  • Avoid overhead watering to keep moisture off of the foliage.
  • Keep plants healthy by providing adequate sunlight, water, and fertilizer.
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Leaf rot
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Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Overview
Overview
Leaf rot is very common among both house plants and garden plants. It affects foliage and occurs mainly when the leaves become wet due to rain or misting by the gardener. The cause is fungal disease and this is facilitated by the fungal spores adhering to wet leaves then penetrating the leaf and expanding rapidly. Damp conditions and poor air circulation will increase chances of infection taking place. Another factor are leaves that are damaged or have been penetrated by sap sucking insects that facilitate plant penetration.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  1. Spores are able to cling to a damp leaf and penetrate, often through an existing wound.
  2. A small dark brown mark appears which expands rapidly as sporulation starts to take place.
  3. Quite quickly these bull's eye like circles can link together and the whole leaf turns dark and loses texture.
  4. Leaf drop occurs.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
These symptoms are caused by a bacterial infection invading the plant. Bacteria from many sources in the environment (air, water, soil, diseased plants) enter a plant through wounds, or in some cases the stomata when they are open. Once inside the leaf tissue, the bacteria feed and reproduce quickly, breaking down healthy leaves.
Bacterial infections threaten most plant species, and are more prominent in wet weather that more easily transfers the bacteria from plant to plant, or from soil to plant.
Solutions
Solutions
Bacterial infections need to be treated quickly to prevent the spread to neighboring, healthy plants, potentially wiping out large sections of your indoor or outdoor garden.
In mild cases: Use sterilized (10% bleach solution) pruning shears or scissors to remove any infected plant parts, making sure to dispose of them off site. Use a copper-based bactericide to treat the unaffected foliage, as well as the soil, and neighboring plants. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
In severe cases, where more than half the leaves are affected: Remove all of the infected plants from the garden, disposing of them off site. Treat the soil and neighboring plants using a copper-based bactericide. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
Prevention
Prevention
  1. Clean up garden debris at the end of the season, especially if it contains any diseased plant tissue. Diseases can overwinter from season to season and infect new plants.
  2. Avoid overhead watering to prevent transferring pathogens from one plant to another, and to keep foliage dry.
  3. Mulch around the base of plants to prevent soil-borne bacteria from splashing up onto uninfected plants.
  4. Sterilize cutting tools using a 10% bleach solution when gardening and moving from one plant to another.
  5. Do not work in your garden when it is wet.
  6. Rotate crops to prevent the buildup of bacteria in one site due to continuous cropping.
  7. Use a copper or streptomycin-containing bactericide in early spring to prevent infection. Read label directions carefully as they are not suitable for all plants.
  8. Ensure plants are well spaced and thin leaves on densely leaved plants so that air circulation is maximised.
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weed

Weed Control About Turkey tangle

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Weeds
Turkey tangle is native to South America. Having spread across the world, it has been recorded as an invasive weed in twenty-six countries, including Australia, Japan, South Africa, and Spain. Turkey tangle grows rapidly and may adapt to many different soil types, although its preferred habitat is wetlands. It spreads quickly and can outcompete native species in yards or open waste spaces. Turkey tangle is often mistaken for its even more invasive cousin, Phyla canescens. If necessary, the weed can be physically removed through mowing and mulching. Likewise, the use of chemical controls (such as herbicides) may discourage or suppress its growth.
How to Control it
The best way to prevent turkey tangle from taking over your garden is to regularly maintain your lawn and plants, as well as to keep them as healthy and well-nourished as possible. Good prevention methods would include mowing your lawn high and sticking to the adequate fertilizing regime. Turkey tangle tends to grow in barren areas or among stressed or undernourished plants, as it can easily out-compete them. If it is already established in your garden and you would like to remove it, the optimal solution would be to use a herbicide.
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Distribution of Turkey tangle

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Habitat of Turkey tangle

Stream banks, grassy places
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Turkey tangle

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
care_scenes

More Info on Turkey Tangle Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Stem rot
Stem rot is a debilitating disease affecting Turkey tangle, characterized by decay and weakness in the stem, potentially leading to plant death. It is vital to understand and control for agricultural and ecological well-being.
 detail
Non-base branch withering
Non-base branch withering is a disease affecting Turkey tangle, leading to withered branches and compromised plant health. It undermines plant vigor and may result in decreased foliage and flowering.
 detail
Soil fungus
Soil fungus is a disease impacting Turkey tangle, typically causing root rot, discoloration, and stunted growth. Managing the soil environment and applying fungicides are common countermeasures.
 detail
Scars
Scars are physical damages on Turkey tangle caused by environmental stresses, pests, or mechanical injuries, manifesting as discolored, textured marks on its foliage and stems, affecting plant vigor and aesthetic value.
 detail
Dark spots
Dark spots are a common disease affecting Turkey tangle, characterized by discolored patches on the foliage, potentially leading to reduced vigor and aesthetic depreciation of the plant.
 detail
Leaf wilting
Leaf wilting is a crippling disease that affects the Turkey tangle by causing loss of turgidity leading to drooping or curling of leaves. The condition can lethally affect the plant's overall health and development due to hindered photosynthesis and nutrient distribution.
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Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering refers to a pathological condition affecting Turkey tangle, leading to drying and browning of its leaf ends. It predominantly hampers the plant's photosynthesis, nutritional intake, growth and aesthetic appeal, thereby impacting its overall health and vigour.
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Dark blotch
Dark blotch is a menacing disease affecting Turkey tangle, distorting its healthy growth through unpleasant blotches on the surfaces. Caused majorly by environmental conditions, this disease adversely impacts the plant's overall health and aesthetics.
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Yellow edges
Yellow edges is a plant disease that drastically affects Turkey tangle. The disease is characterized by the development of yellow edges on the leaves, leading to stunted growth and eventual death if left untreated. This comprehensive guide provides a detailed overview of causes, symptoms, cure, and prevention of Yellow edges in Turkey tangle.
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Spots
Spots on Turkey tangle are a fungal disease resulting in discolored lesions on the plant. This causes stress and aesthetic decline in Turkey tangle but rarely leads to death.
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Leaf rot
Leaf rot, caused by various fungi, poses a significant threat to Turkey tangle, leading to extensive damage to leaves and potentially the whole plant. Proper understanding of the disease's causes, symptoms, active periods, cure, and prevention could help manage the disease effectively.
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Mushrooms
The 'Mushrooms' disease in Turkey tangle is a fungal infection that leads to plant deterioration and potential death. It manifests through a variety of symptoms and affects the vitality of the plant.
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Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing is a common symptom affecting Turkey tangle, where leaves lose their green hue, undermining the plant's health and vigor.
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Scale insect
Scale insect disease on Turkey tangle weakens and can potentially kill the plant by sucking sap and inhibiting growth. Early detection and proper management are essential for control.
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Branch withering
Branch withering is a disease that leads to the progressive dying off of branches of Turkey tangle. This condition hampers the plant's growth and vitality and, if untreated, can result in death of the affected parts.
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White blotch
White blotch is a fungal infection affecting the health and aesthetics of Turkey tangle, characterized by white, spotted lesions on its leaves, potentially reducing the plant's vitality.
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Mealybug
Mealybug is a pest infestation afflicting numerous plants, including Turkey tangle. The disease stunts growth and causes leaf yellowing, impacting plant vigor and aesthetic value. Early detection is crucial for effective management.
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Notch
Notch is a destructive disease that affects the foliage and vitality of Turkey tangle, leading to compromised growth and potential plant death. It spreads easily and can significantly reduce the plant's aesthetic and health.
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Whole leaf withering
Whole leaf withering is a disease that affects Turkey tangle, leading to the deterioration and eventual withering of foliage, impeding the plant's growth and health.
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Black mold
Black mold is a fungal disease causing sooty, dark fungal growth on Turkey tangle, affecting photosynthesis and plant vigor, often leading to decline in health and growth when severe.
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Leaf blotch
Leaf blotch is a fungal disease that affects Turkey tangle, causing discolored lesions on the leaves, reduced growth, and possible plant death if unchecked.
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Plants Related to Turkey tangle

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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Turkey tangle flourishes when exposed to sunlight all day, exhibiting optimal growth and health. It can also withstand periods of semi-sunny exposure, but might have stunted growth. Originating from environments where sun is abundant, it can struggle under inadequate sunlight. Excessively shaded environments may lead to wilting or death. Conversely, too much sun won't generally harm the plant.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Turkey tangle thrives in full sunlight and is commonly grown outdoors where it receives ample sunlight. When placed in rooms with inadequate lighting, symptoms of light deficiency may not be readily apparent.
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Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your Turkey tangle may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Turkey tangle enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Turkey tangle thrives in full sun exposure and can tolerate intense sunlight. With their remarkable resilience, symptoms of sunburn may not be easily visible, as they rarely suffer from it.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
Discover information about plant diseases, toxicity, weed control and more.
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