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Key Facts
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Distribution
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All Species
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More Genus
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Brackens
Brackens
Brackens
Brackens
Brackens (Pteridium)
The brackens (genus Pteridium) are a large and cosmopolitan group of ferns. Generally hardy and suited to many habitats, brackens can be found growing just about everywhere save deserts and the arctic. Though many species sport handsome, deep green fronds, they are usually not planted ornamentally, as they have a tendency to take over cultivated areas – in some areas, in fact, brackens are considered pest or invasive species, even when they are native.
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Plant Type
Herb/Vine
info

Key Facts About Brackens

Attributes of Brackens

Leaf type
Deciduous

Scientific Classification of Brackens

distribution

Distribution of Brackens

Distribution Map of Brackens

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
species

Exploring the Brackens Plants

6 most common species:
Pteridium aquilinum
Western brackenfern
Western brackenfern (Pteridium aquilinum) is a fern species found throughout the globe. Western brackenfern is also known as the Hog-brake or the Eagle Fern. In North America this plant starts to appear in spring. A single frond of this plant can produce up to 300000 spores every year. This plant produces fewer spores if grown in the shade.
Pteridium esculentum
Common fern
The so-called common fern (Pteridium esculentum) is native to Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia, and a number of Pacific islands. It has been introduced in other parts of the world. The native Maori people of New Zealand dried rhizomes of the common fern as a staple part of their diet. Aboriginal Australians, meanwhile, roasted a paste made from the root.
Pteridium revolutum
Pteridium revolutum
The pteridium revolutum (genus Pteridium revolutum) are a large and cosmopolitan group of ferns. Generally hardy and suited to many habitats, pteridium revolutum can be found growing just about everywhere save deserts and the arctic. Though many species sport handsome, deep green fronds, they are usually not planted ornamentally, as they have a tendency to take over cultivated areas – in some areas, in fact, pteridium revolutum are considered pest or invasive species, even when they are native.
Pteridium latiusculum subsp. latiusculum
Northern bracken fern
Common bracken is a herbaceous perennial plant, deciduous in winter. The large, roughly triangular fronds are produced singly, arising upwards from an underground rhizome, and grow to 1 to 3 m tall; the main stem, or stipe, is up to 1 cm diameter at the base.
Pteridium caudatum
Southern brackenfern
The southern brackenfern (genus Pteridium caudatum) are a large and cosmopolitan group of ferns. Generally hardy and suited to many habitats, southern brackenfern can be found growing just about everywhere save deserts and the arctic. Though many species sport handsome, deep green fronds, they are usually not planted ornamentally, as they have a tendency to take over cultivated areas – in some areas, in fact, southern brackenfern are considered pest or invasive species, even when they are native.
Pteridium arachnoideum
Tropical brackenfern
The tropical brackenfern (genus Pteridium arachnoideum) are a large and cosmopolitan group of ferns. Generally hardy and suited to many habitats, tropical brackenfern can be found growing just about everywhere save deserts and the arctic. Though many species sport handsome, deep green fronds, they are usually not planted ornamentally, as they have a tendency to take over cultivated areas – in some areas, in fact, tropical brackenfern are considered pest or invasive species, even when they are native.
popular genus

More Popular Genus

Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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About
Key Facts
Distribution
All Species
More Genus
Brackens
Brackens
Brackens
Brackens
Brackens
Brackens
Brackens
Pteridium
The brackens (genus Pteridium) are a large and cosmopolitan group of ferns. Generally hardy and suited to many habitats, brackens can be found growing just about everywhere save deserts and the arctic. Though many species sport handsome, deep green fronds, they are usually not planted ornamentally, as they have a tendency to take over cultivated areas – in some areas, in fact, brackens are considered pest or invasive species, even when they are native.
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Plant Type
Herb/Vine
info

Key Facts About Brackens

Attributes of Brackens

Leaf type
Deciduous

Scientific Classification of Brackens

distribution

Distribution of Brackens

Distribution Map of Brackens

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
species

Exploring the Brackens Plants

6 most common species:
Pteridium aquilinum
Western brackenfern
Western brackenfern (Pteridium aquilinum) is a fern species found throughout the globe. Western brackenfern is also known as the Hog-brake or the Eagle Fern. In North America this plant starts to appear in spring. A single frond of this plant can produce up to 300000 spores every year. This plant produces fewer spores if grown in the shade.
Pteridium esculentum
Common fern
The so-called common fern (Pteridium esculentum) is native to Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia, and a number of Pacific islands. It has been introduced in other parts of the world. The native Maori people of New Zealand dried rhizomes of the common fern as a staple part of their diet. Aboriginal Australians, meanwhile, roasted a paste made from the root.
Pteridium revolutum
Pteridium revolutum
The pteridium revolutum (genus Pteridium revolutum) are a large and cosmopolitan group of ferns. Generally hardy and suited to many habitats, pteridium revolutum can be found growing just about everywhere save deserts and the arctic. Though many species sport handsome, deep green fronds, they are usually not planted ornamentally, as they have a tendency to take over cultivated areas – in some areas, in fact, pteridium revolutum are considered pest or invasive species, even when they are native.
Pteridium latiusculum subsp. latiusculum
Northern bracken fern
Common bracken is a herbaceous perennial plant, deciduous in winter. The large, roughly triangular fronds are produced singly, arising upwards from an underground rhizome, and grow to 1 to 3 m tall; the main stem, or stipe, is up to 1 cm diameter at the base.
Show More Species
popular genus

More Popular Genus

Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
product icon close
Your Ultimate Guide to Plants
Identify grow and nurture the better way!
product icon
17,000 local species +400,000 global species studied
product icon
Nearly 5 years of research
product icon
80+ scholars in botany and gardening
ad
product icon close
Continue reading in our app - it's better
A database of 400000+ plants
unlimited guides at your fingertips...
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