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Creeping buttercup
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A species of Ranunculus , Also known as Creeping crowfoot
Botanical name : Ranunculus repens Genus : Ranunculus

Creeping buttercup, A species of Ranunculus
Also known as:
Creeping crowfoot
Botanical name: Ranunculus repens
Genus: Ranunculus
Add to My Garden
Creeping buttercup (Ranunculus repens)

Description

While originally used as an ornamental plant around the world, the creeping buttercup is now considered invasive in many places. Distribution usually occurs through the transportation of hay, making control difficult. The creeping buttercup is considered poisonous and can cause skin blistering.
Plant Type
Herb
Bloom Time
Spring, summer
Flower Color
Yellow
Leaf Color
Green
* Disclaimer: Content feedback CAN NOT be used as any basis for EATING ANY PLANTS. Some plants can be VERY POISONOUS, please purchase edible plants through regular channels.

General Info

Name story

Creeping buttercup
As this plant produces butter-like flowers, the name buttercup is given to the plant. As for "creeping", it is reflected in its ability to spread widely as a grass weed. Also, it can creep to the ground easily, forming a thick layer of mulch. So, it is called creeping buttercup.

Symbolism

Neatness, humility, childishness, faithlessness

Usages

Garden Use
Creeping buttercup is widely used as a decorative garden plant. In meadow landscapes, this plant has ornamental value and adds pops of color. In the cottage or woodland garden, it brings density and provides ground cover under larger plants or shrubs. It tends to spread easily, so in small garden spaces, it may not be ideal, unless it is in containers.

Is creeping buttercup considered as a weed?

Creeping buttercup is toxic to humans when any part of the plant is eaten raw (especially the flowers) and when handled without care. The plant's inner juices can cause blistering of the mouth if ingested. Other side effects from consumption include gastrointestinal discomfort, bladder and urinary tract irritation, irregular heartbeat, dizziness, headache, and in extreme cases, loss of consciousness. Creeping buttercup may cause blisters and burns if direct contact is made with the skin, and it may escalate the risk of sunburn.

What part of the creeping buttercup is poisonous?

All parts of creeping buttercup are toxic to animals including cats, dogs and livestock when ingested. Fully dried creeping buttercup can be safe to livestock, however, improper preparation may lead to severe results thus not recommending to feed your animals with it.

Toxicity

Like other members of Ranunculaceae family, creeping buttercup contains ranunculin, which turns into a bitter oily toxin called protoanemomin when the plant is injured.
People most often get poisoned by the creeping buttercup intentionally, considering it is used in traditional medicine as a remedy for ulcers and hemorrhoids. However, there are no clinical trials that support these beneficial effects. Poisoning usually occurs when the plant material is not properly prepared and dried out.
Protoanemonin damages mucous membranes, which is why it severely affects the mouth and the gastrointestinal tract. Inhaling vapor or smoke from the burning plant can cause respiratory problems as well. Contact with the sap of a freshly injured plant may cause itching, rash and even blistering of the skin.

Toxicity in Animals

Creeping buttercup is toxic to most animals, including cats, dogs, horses, and all livestock. Poisoning most often occurs due to ingestion of the plant.
The toxin protoanemonin can be found in all plant parts. The highest concentration of protoanemonin can be found in the creeping buttercup's yellow flowers, making them the most toxic part of the plant. Due to the bitter taste of the toxin, animals usually avoid eating creeping buttercup. Protoanemonin causes blistering of the mouth too, which makes it hard for the animal to ingest significant amount of the toxic plant material.
However, poisoning in horses may occur in overgrazed pastures, where there are no other plants left for consumption. Symptoms of poisoning may include redness and swelling of the mouth, excessive salivation, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, and weakness. When consumed in large quantities, ingestion of creeping buttercup can result in bloody urine, tremors, and occasionally even seizures.

Potential Risks

Creeping buttercup releases toxins when injured, so wearing gloves is a must considering the toxic sap can cause skin irritation after contact. Avoid touching your face or any other unprotected part of the skin when handling this plant, as it can cause blistering.

How to Control it

With small-scale infestations, the creeping buttercup can be manually removed by pulling out the entire plant out of the soil. Make sure to dig up all the roots from the soil, because the plant reproduces vegetatively and will continue its spread from the remaining plant material. In case that the creeping buttercup has spread to a larger area, it is advised to use chemical pesticides. Avoid using herbicides like glyphosate to eradicate creeping buttercup, as the plant grows on wet terrains, where the spread and/or wash out of the pesticide is very likely, allowing the active compound to affect non-target species.

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Creeping buttercup (Ranunculus repens) Creeping buttercup (Ranunculus repens)
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