Botanical name: Rubus
Botanical name: Rubus
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Species of Brambles
Rubus pungens var. oldhamii
Rubus pungens var. oldhamii are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Palmleaf raspberry fruit
An East Asian counterpart of the raspberry and blackberry, palmleaf raspberry fruit is widely distributed and highly prized in China and Japan. The fruit is known for its intense sweetness, and can be eaten raw, or it can be used to make jams and jellies.
Rubus lambertianus is a lianoid, semi-deciduous shrub that can grow 3 m (9.8 ft) tall. Flowers are white and 7–9 mm (0.28–0.35 in) in diameter. Mature berries are red and 6–8 mm (0.24–0.31 in) in diameter. In China, it occurs on slopes, roadsides, montane valleys, stony ravines, grasslands, thickets, sparse forests, and forest margins at elevations of 200–2,500 m (660–8,200 ft) asl.
Brambles 'Medana' is a cultivar of tayberry, which is a cross between a blackberry and raspberry. It produces fruit in midsummer that is very large - sometimes twice the size of a raspberry! The fruits of brambles 'Medana' are reddish-purple, aromatic, juicy, and much sweeter than similar species and varieties. It may be named after the village of Medana in Slovenia.
The japanese raspberry is a perennial shrub that is native to northern China, Korea and Japan. Introduced to the U.S. in 1890, it grows as a briar-encrusted invasive weed, much like the blackberry. It blossoms with numerous red or pink petals in spring that later yield shiny red berries. The fruit it bears is considered delicious and is often used in desserts, jellies and wine.
Giant bramble are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Cloudberry is a perennial shrub that produces golden-hued berries similar to blackberries. The shrubs are low-growing and do not have thorns. This member of the rose family grows in cooler climates and the berries are a staple in Scandinavian cooking.
Despite its Latin and common names, Rubus deliciosus is not as delicious as the names suggest. The fruit of delicious Raspberry is rather dry and with lots of seeds. However, birds love these berries. An interesting characteristic of delicious Raspberry is that it doesn't have thorns, unlike other berries and roses.
Pinfa raspberry are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Red raspberry 'Yummy'
Red raspberry 'Yummy' is a red raspberry (Rubus idaeus) cultivar selected for its compact growth form, making this cultivar ideal for growing in containers. The fruit is sweet and juicy, hence the cultivar name. Red raspberry 'Yummy' is also noted for its improved canes (stems) which are completely spine-free.
Brambles 'Navaho' is a type of bramble. This cultivar is enjoyed because it produces a good quantity of fruit once a year in mid-summer and, importantly for the gardener, is thornless. Unlike many bramble cultivars, the brambles 'Navaho' is free-standing and so does not require training or staking.
Yellow himalayan raspberry
The fruit of the yellow himalayan raspberry looks like a raspberry, except it's yellow, so that's the name explained. It isn't grown commercially though, since the fruit decays soon after removal from the plant. Unfortunately, this plant is so invasive that it is classified as one of the world's top 100 invasive plants - growing into dense thickets that crowd out native species.
Red raspberry 'Heritage'
Red raspberry 'Heritage' is a popular choice for gardeners and farmers alike.The plant's thorny canes provide habitat for several bird species, including the endangered rusty blackbird.
Creeping raspberry is a Taiwanese evergreen ground cover which, as its name suggests, produces fruit that resemble raspberries. However, they do not have much flavor and are orange rather than red. Despite the color of the fruit, they are used to make a purple or dull blue dye.
Brambles 'Oregon Thornless'
In comparison to many other brambles, the brambles 'Oregon Thornless' is thornless, thus its name, and will bear blackberries. It can be planted as a climber with an impressive visual appeal from its fruit to blossoms. Additionally, as the brambles 'Oregon Thornless' is relatively slow-growing, this cultivar can be grown in smaller gardens.
Hirsute raspberry (Rubus hirsutus) is a shrub that grows 1.8 m to 2 m high. Like other members of the rubus genus (such as dewberry, raspberry, and blackberry), the fruits are edible. Another thing every member of this genus has in common is prickly stems. This plant is indigenous to Asia, including China, Korea, and Japan.
Taiwanese creeping raspberry
Taiwanese creeping raspberry is a fascinating plant with intriguing qualities. This plant is renowned for its remarkable garden usage, as its vibrant flowers attract a variety of insects and birds. Its toxicity and invasiveness make it a plant to be cautious around. This species is indigenous to Taiwan and its name origin tells an interesting story. Fascinatingly, taiwanese creeping raspberry closely resembles common plants, but its distinguishing features set it apart. With its unique characteristics, this plant is a true marvel of nature.
Primarily found growing in agricultural fields, forests, and other disturbed areas, mysore raspberry can grow in almost any environment. It is an invasive weed, prohibited in Hawaii. The shrub is occasionally cultivated for its bright purplish stems.
European dewberry (Rubus caesius) is a flowering plant that is native to much of Eurasia; it is a member of the rose family and is related to the blackberry. It produces small white flowers that mature into bluish-gray edible fruits. European dewberry can be cross-pollinated with other berry-producing plants, such as the raspberry, to create new hybrids.
Red raspberry 'Anne'
Red raspberry 'Anne' is a red raspberry (Rubus idaeus) cultivar, selected for its excellent cold-hardiness and firm, juicy fruit. It differs from its parent plant by its distinctive golden-yellow, almost-translucent fruit and less spined canes (stems). This highly popular cultivar produces two crops per year and is considered one of the best-flavored raspberry cultivars.
Rubus coreanus, known as bokbunja, Korean blackberry, or Korean bramble, is a species of raspberry native to Korea, Japan, and China. It produces edible berries (not true berries in the botanical sense) that are fermented into bokbunja ju, a Korean fruit wine (although the majority of fruit commercially grown for producing this drink are actually Rubus occidentalis, native to North America). The wine made of bokbunja is called bokbunjaju (Korean: 복분자주).
European blackberry is a hardy fruit-bearing deciduous or evergreen shrub that flourishes in well-drained soil in a variety of environments. These climbers form dense hedges with their flowers providing shelter for wildlife. The fruit of this plant is often made into preserves. Young leaves are dried for tea and shoots can be added to salads.
Brambles 'Adrienne' is a blackberry cultivar with several features that make it ideal for domestic cultivation. This hybrid produces larger yields and is less thorny and easier to control than the parent vine. This excellent fruit vine is named for the French name "Adrienne" and can be trained to grow on trellises and similar structures or in containers.
Brambles 'Purple Opal'
Called "Purple Opal" because of how much it's valued by horticulturalists, brambles 'Purple Opal' is definitely a jewel in disguise. Brambles 'Purple Opal' differs from other species of its genus because it's a dwarf Bramble cultivar. It's popular because of this characteristic, fitting nice and snug in a pot.
Swamp dewberry (Rubus hispidus) is a perennial woody vine with trailing stems found in woodlands meadows and fields. Swamp dewberry blooms white flowers from spring to summer and attracts bees flies and butterflies. The fruits it produces are similar to black berries but have a sour taste. Birds turtles mice and squirrels feed on the berries. It grows in full sun to partial shade.
The black raspberry is occasionally grown commercially, although not very popular due to its low yield. Black raspberry can be consumed dried, frozen, fresh, as a purée, juiced or in liqueur. Besides, it can also be used as a natural dye.
Salmonberry is a shrub growing to 1.07 to 4 m tall. It is known for its fruit, which bears resemblance to a raspberry. This plant earned its common name due to the fact that these berries were traditionally eaten by Native Americans with salmon or salmon roe. The taste of the berries themselves is somewhat bland but depends on the climate and site of growth.
Common blackberry (Rubus allegheniensis) is a deciduous shrub endemic to North America. This wild plant is commonly found on clearings and woodland margins. Its fruit is edible and has a sweet, mildly spicy taste. The fruits are most commonly eaten raw, but they can also be cooked or dried.
Northern dewberry (Rubus flagellaris) is a perennial shrub related to the rose. Northern dewberry has a fragrant smell and attracts many bees to serve as pollinators. The berries from northern dewberry are edible and commonly made into pies.
The european blackberry (*Rubus bifrons*) is a flowering plant closely related to the blackberries and raspberries. It is native to Europe and naturalized in some parts of North America. The branches of the european blackberry are arching and sometimes even creeping, forming a small shrub full of spines.
Red raspberry is a perennial forest shrub with elongated, thorny stems. The stems grow rapidly during their first year and bloom in their second year. The plant produces small, aggregate fruit that has a distinct aroma and a sweet-and-sour taste. Rubus idaeus cultivars are hybrids between this red raspberry and the American species R. Strigosus.
Wineberry (*Rubus phoenicolasius*) is a plant species native to northeast Asia. Wineberry has been naturalized in both Europe and North America as an ornamental plant. This plant is edible, and its berries are sometimes mistaken for raspberries or blackberries.
Pungent raspberry are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Some Christians believe the burning bush in the Biblical Moses story was holy bramble (Rubus sanctus). A specimen of holy bramble remains at the Chapel of the Burning Bush, at St. Catherine's Monastery on Mount Sinai. Elsewhere, it is considered an invasive species, though many locals enjoy its raspberry-like fruit.
It creeps like a vine plant and crawls the surface with a height of at most 30 cm. The leaves are round and shallowly split into three. The leaf surface is green or slightly brownish green and shiny with fine serrations on the edges. There are fine hairs on the back. The leaves are living together. The flowering period is fall. The flower stem is taken out from the leaf bud and several white flowers with five petals in the shape of a spike are attached. The red fruits turn into a month from late autumn and ripen from fall to winter.
Brambles 'Benenden' is a decorative bramble cultivar related to the blackberry. It is chosen for its white flowers and its upright thornless stems, which can be trained up onto structures or left to ramble. Hardy and able to thrive in most types of soil and light conditions, this is a low-maintenance garden choice.
The stem reaches 1 m in height, and the stems and branches are hairless, but there are sparse bites throughout. The leaves alternate with a petiole of 3 to 8 cm in length. The leaf is a single leaf that splits into three but spring not. The leaf blades are oval and 4 to 10 cm long, the middle piece is large and long, the tip is sharp, the base is cut or heart-shaped, and the edges are double sawtooth. The back of the leaf is powdery white and has stings on the veins and petioles. Take a flower branch 6 to 10 cm in length from the vein of the previous year's branch, attach 3-4 small leaves and attach 1-4 flowers. The flower is a white 5-valve flower with a diameter of 2 to 2.5 cm and a small floral pattern with a length of 1.02 to 4 cm. In fall after the flower, the fruits become spherical with a diameter of 1.02 to 1.5 cm and ripen red.
Stone bramble (Rubus saxatilis) is a member of the bramble family which, unlike many of its relatives, is not grown as a commercial crop. Birds eat the plant's berries, and this is how it propagates. The plant can be used to produce a purplish-blue dye.
The Korean raspberry is a type of raspberry native to East Asia. The plant is collected in the wild for local consumption as food and herbal medicine. It is occasionally produced as a fruit crop and is also used as an ornamental.
Dwarf Red Blackberry
Dwarf Red Blackberry, sometimes called dewberry, is a perennial bramble native to the United States. It grows small, red edible berries that are also food for wildlife such as bears. It grows in moist soils found in or near bogs and swamps.
New mexico raspberry
Despite its distinctly unroselike appearance and lack of thorns or prickles, new mexico raspberry (Rubus neomexicanus) is indeed a member of the expansive rose family (Rosaceae). This species bears small white flowers, which soon give way to red berries. It is exclusively found in the southwestern United States, accounting for its common name.
Woolly blackberry is a lesser-known bramble, differing from the Holy bramble (Rubus sancta) in its flower color, with woolly blackberry boasting white flowers instead of the Holy bramble's pink. It can be found growing in gardens and agricultural land.
Raspberry are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Although roseleaf bramble is useful to prevent soil erosion, it has a propensity to overpower endemic plants if used outside of its native range; with some countries of South America and Africa listing it as invasive. The berries are edible and can be eaten raw or cooked. The berries also produce dye in shades of purple to blue.
Red raspberry 'Cascade Delight'
Red raspberry 'Cascade Delight' is a USA-bred raspberry with an unusually large and dependable fruit crop that distends from its vines in a "cascade of delight." This hybrid is a popular garden choice since it is straightforward to grow in moist rich, well-drained soils.
Rubus moluccanus, the Molucca bramble or broad-leaf bramble, is a scrambling shrub or climber, native to moist eucalyptus forest and rainforest of eastern Australia, distributed from Queensland to Victoria and North-East Indian states of Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh. Molucca bramble leaves are simple with 3-5 lobes, 2–15 cm long, and 3–10 cm wide, and the lower surface tomentose. Flowers pinkish red or white. Red fruit is 1.2 cm wide.
Elmleaf blackberry (Rubus ulmifolius) is a brambly flowering shrub native to Europe and North Africa. This species grows in hedges and woodland edges on calcareous soils. It bears fruits called drupes that are dark purple.
Brambles 'Arapaho' are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Black raspberry 'Jewel'
Black raspberry 'Jewel' is a delicious and high-yielding variety of the native Rubus occidentalis species. Its juicy berries are extremely versatile and can be made into jams, pies, and even wine. Unlike some invasive raspberry plants, the 'Jewel' is easy to control in a garden setting.
Brambles 'Bedford Giant'
Brambles 'Bedford Giant' is a vigorous blackberry that produces large rounded black fruits that grow in clusters throughout summer. Small white single flowers bloom in late spring. A cultivar of Rubus fruticosa, this variety is distinguished for its vigorous growth, high fruit yield, and thorny plants.
Whitebark Raspberry (Rubus leucodermis) is a variety of raspberry native to western North America. Grown commercially for dye, but grown in gardens for fruit or harvested in the wild, by humans and animals alike, including a wide variety of birds and mammals of all sizes. Just beware the thorns!
Thimbleberry has bright red fruits that appear similar to strawberries but resemble thimbles, hence its common name. Its fruits are edible and can be eaten raw. The fruits are also commonly used to make tarts and jams. It can be grown in shady and cool areas.
Himalayan blackberry produces tasty berries at the peak of the season, but its bounty is offset somewhat by its drawbacks. The canes are covered in aggressive thorns and create impassable thickets. The plant itself is considered a noxious weed in some areas due to its fast-spreading behavior.
Sawtooth blackberry (Rubus argutus) is a perennial bramble native to the United States that produces edible blackberries. It is one of many species of blackberries. The leaves of this bush can also be used to make blackberry tea, a popular drink in some regions. The sawtooth blackberry is technically part of the rose family and is thorny like other rose plants.
California blackberry (Rubus ursinus) is an edible berry indigenous to North America. Its genus name of “Rubus” means “bramble,” and the specific epithet “Ursinus” means “bear.” Larvae of the western tiger swallowtail butterfly love to munch on it. Native Americans ate it and also used it medicinally. If you have a creek bank that needs stabilizing, this plant will do it.
The southern dewberry is a delicious and edible fruit-bearing plant with dark blueberries that can appear black. The taste is sweet and can be used for jams or pies. The leaves, meanwhile, can be used to make tea. It is a special delicacy in the southern United States, where the Rubus trivialis originated.
The purple-flowering raspberry is a type of raspberry bush with large showy flowers and no thorns or prickers to get in your way. The flowers on this bush will last throughout the summer, giving way to some tart, though still edible, small-sized berries. Also known as the thimbleberry or Rubus odoratus, this delightful bush can spread into large thickets.
Cutleaf evergreen blackberry
The fruit of cutleaf evergreen blackberry (Rubus laciniatus) ripens in late summer. The fruit starts its life as a crimson color but turns black when it’s mature. Cutleaf evergreen blackberry berries are edible and used to make jellies and jams.
Rubus linearifoliolus are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.