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Toothbrush tree
Toothbrush tree
Toothbrush tree
Toothbrush tree
Toothbrush tree
Toothbrush tree
Toothbrush tree
Salvadora persica
Also known as : Pilu, Piludi, Gunnangi
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
10 to 11
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Key Facts About Toothbrush tree

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Attributes of Toothbrush tree

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Tree, Shrub
Harvest Time
Fall, Winter, Spring
Plant Height
6 m to 7 m
Spread
8 m
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
10 cm
Flower Color
Yellow
Green
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 38 ℃

Scientific Classification of Toothbrush tree

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Distribution of Toothbrush tree

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Habitat of Toothbrush tree

Desert floodplains, riverbanks, grassy savannahs
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Toothbrush tree

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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Questions About Toothbrush tree

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Watering Watering Watering
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
What is the best way to water my Toothbrush tree?
Your Toothbrush tree will not be too picky about how you choose to water it. As such, you can use just about any common watering tool to moisten this plant’s soil. Watering cans, hoses, and even cups will work just fine when it is time to water your Toothbrush tree. Regardless of which watering tool you use, you should typically apply the water directly to the soil. In doing so, you should ensure that you moisten all soil areas equally to give all parts of the root system the water it needs. It can help to use filtered water, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to plants. It is also beneficial to use water that is at or slightly above room temperature, as colder or hotter water can be somewhat shocking to the Toothbrush tree. However, the Toothbrush tree usually responds well to any kind of water you give it.
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What should I do if I water my Toothbrush tree too much or too little?
For outdoor plants, especially newly planted plants or plant seedlings, they can be prone to lack of watering. Remember that you need to keep watering enough for a few months when the tree is small or just planted. This is because once the roots are established, Toothbrush tree can rely on rain most of the time. When your Toothbrush tree is planted in pots, overwatering is often more likely to.When you accidentally overwater your Toothbrush tree, you should be prepared to remedy the situation immediately. First, you should stop watering your plant right away to minimize the effect of your overwatering. After, you should consider removing your Toothbrush tree from its pot to inspect its roots. If you find that none of the roots have developed root rot, it may be permissible to return your plant to its container. If you do discover signs of root rot, then you should trim away any roots that have been affected. You may also want to apply a fungicide to prevent further damage. Lastly, you should repot your Toothbrush tree in soil that is well-draining. In the case of an underwatered Toothbrush tree, simply water this plant more frequently. Underwatering is often an easy fix. If you underwater, the plant's leaves will tend to droop and dry out and fall off, and the leaves will quickly return to fullness after sufficient watering. Please correct your watering frequency as soon as underwatering occurs.
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How often should I water my Toothbrush tree?
Most plants that grow naturally outdoors can be allowed to grow normally with rainfall. If your area lacks rainfall, consider giving your plants adequate watering every 2 weeks during the spring and fall. More frequent watering is needed in summer. In winter, when growth becomes slower and plants need less water, water more sparingly. Throughout the winter, you may not give it additional watering at all. If your Toothbrush tree is young or newly planted, then you should water more frequently to help it establish, and mature and grow up to have more adaptable and drought tolerant plants. For potted plants, there are two main ways that you can determine how often to water your Toothbrush tree. The first way is to set a predetermined watering schedule. If you choose this route, you should plan to water this plant about once every week or once every other week. However, this approach may not always work as it does not consider the unique conditions of the growing environment for your Toothbrush tree . Your watering frequency can also change depending on the season. For instance, a predetermined watering schedule will likely not suffice during summer when this plant's water needs are highest. An alternative route is to set your watering frequency based on soil moisture. Typically, it is best to wait until the first two to four inches of soil, usually ⅓ to ½ depth of the pots, have dried out entirely before you give more water.
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How much water does my Toothbrush tree need?
When it comes time to water your Toothbrush tree, you may be surprised to find that this plant does not always need a high volume of water. Instead, if only a few inches of soil have dried since your last watering, you can support healthy growth in the Toothbrush tree by giving it about five to ten ounces of water every time you water. You can also decide your water volume based on soil moisture. As mentioned above, you should note how many inches of soil have dried out between waterings. A surefire way to make sure your Toothbrush tree gets the moisture it needs is to supply enough water to moisten all the soil layers that became dry since the last time you watered. If more than half of the soil has become dry, you should consider giving more water than usual. In those cases, continue adding water until you see excess water draining from your pot’s drainage holes. If your Toothbrush tree is planted in an area that gets plenty of rain outdoors, it may not need additional watering. When the Toothbrush tree is young or just getting established, make sure it gets 1-2 inches of rain per week. As it continues to grow and establish, it can survive entirely on rainwater and only when the weather is hot and there is no rainfall at all for 2-3 weeks, then consider giving your Toothbrush tree a full watering to prevent them from suffering stress.
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Toothbrush tree enough?
Overwatering is a far more common problem for the Toothbrush tree, and there are several signs you should look for when this occurs. Generally, an overwatered Toothbrush tree will have yellowing leaves and may even drop some leaves. Also, overwatering can cause the overall structure of your plant to shrivel and may also promote root rot. On the other hand, an underwatered Toothbrush tree will also begin to wilt. It may also display leaves that are brown or brittle to the touch. Whether you see signs of overwatering or underwatering, you should be prepared to intervene and restore the health of your Toothbrush tree.
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How can I water my Toothbrush tree at different growth stages?
When the Toothbrush tree is very young, such as when it is in a seedling stage, you will need to give it more water than you would if it were at a mature age. During the early stages of this plant’s life, it is important to keep the soil consistently moist to encourage root development. The same is true for any Toothbrush tree that you have transplanted to a new growing location. Also, the Toothbrush tree can develop showy flowers and fruits when you give them the correct care. If your Toothbrush tree is in a flowering or fruiting phase, you will likely need to give a bit more water than you usually would to support these plant structures.
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How can I water my Toothbrush tree through the seasons?
The seasonal changes will affect how often you water your Toothbrush tree. Mainly, during the hottest summer months, you will likely need to increase how much you water this plant, especially if it grows in an area that receives ample sunlight. Strong summer sunlight can cause soil to dry out much faster than usual, meaning that you’ll need to water more frequently. By contrast, your Toothbrush tree will need much less water during the winter, as it will not be in an active growing phase. During winter, you can get by with watering once every 2 to 3 weeks or sometimes not at all. For those growing this plant indoors, you should be somewhat wary of appliances such as air conditioners, which can cause your plant to dry out more quickly, which also calls for more frequent watering.
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What's the difference between watering my Toothbrush tree indoors vs outdoors?
In some cases, your Toothbrush tree may not need any supplemental watering when it grows outside and will survive on rainwater alone. However, if you live in an area of little to no rain, you should water this plant about every two weeks. If you belong to the group of people who live out of this plant's natural hardiness zone, you should grow it indoors. In an indoor setting, you should monitor your plant's soil as it can dry out more quickly when it is in a container or when it is exposed to HVAC units such as air conditioners. Those drying factors will lead you to water this plant a bit more often than if you grew it outdoors.
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More Info on Toothbrush Tree Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Lighting
Full sun
Favoring unobstructed rays of sun, the toothbrush tree thrives under maximum light exposure for robust growth. It evolved in habitats where shade is a rarity. However, both overexposure and underexposure can to some extent affect the plant's health, causing stunted or irregular growth.
Best Sunlight Practices
Transplant
2-3 m
The prime time for relocating toothbrush tree is the cusp of warm months when growth is vigorous. Choose a sunny spot with well-draining soil. Delicate care in root handling is a key to successful establishment.
Transplant Techniques
Pruning
Winter
Renowned for its use as a natural toothbrush, toothbrush tree benefits greatly from selective pruning. Prune during winter, focusing on removing dead or diseased wood, and shaping the canopy for optimal health and growth. Cutting back the previous year's shoots encourages denser foliage. Caution is advised to not over-prune, as it may delay flowering and fruiting. Regular pruning maintains plant vigor and improves air circulation, reducing pest and disease risks.
Pruning techniques
Propagation
Autumn,Winter
Toothbrush tree is a versatile plant known for its medicinal properties and use as a natural toothbrush. Propagating toothbrush tree can be successfully achieved through the method of cuttings. To enhance rooting, cuttings should be taken from healthy, mature plants, ideally from semi-hardwood stems. These cuttings are then prepared by making a clean cut at a 45-degree angle, which increases the surface area for root development. Dipping the cut end in a rooting hormone can improve the chances of root growth. Plant the prepared cutting in a well-draining soil mix, providing consistent moisture and warmth to encourage root establishment. Care should be taken to avoid waterlogged soil to prevent rot. With careful attention, toothbrush tree cuttings can develop into robust plants, preserving the essence of the species.
Propagation Techniques
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Toothbrush tree
Toothbrush tree
Toothbrush tree
Toothbrush tree
Toothbrush tree
Toothbrush tree
Toothbrush tree
Salvadora persica
Also known as: Pilu, Piludi, Gunnangi
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
10 to 11
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plant_info

Key Facts About Toothbrush tree

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Feedback
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Attributes of Toothbrush tree

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Tree, Shrub
Harvest Time
Fall, Winter, Spring
Plant Height
6 m to 7 m
Spread
8 m
Leaf Color
Green
Flower Size
10 cm
Flower Color
Yellow
Green
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 38 ℃
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Scientific Classification of Toothbrush tree

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distribution

Distribution of Toothbrush tree

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Habitat of Toothbrush tree

Desert floodplains, riverbanks, grassy savannahs
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Toothbrush tree

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
question

Questions About Toothbrush tree

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Watering Watering Watering
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
What is the best way to water my Toothbrush tree?
more
What should I do if I water my Toothbrush tree too much or too little?
more
How often should I water my Toothbrush tree?
more
How much water does my Toothbrush tree need?
more
How can I tell if i'm watering my Toothbrush tree enough?
more
How can I water my Toothbrush tree at different growth stages?
more
How can I water my Toothbrush tree through the seasons?
more
What's the difference between watering my Toothbrush tree indoors vs outdoors?
more
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Keep your plants happy and healthy with our guide to watering, lighting, feeding and more.
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care_scenes

More Info on Toothbrush Tree Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
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Lighting
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Outdoor
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Favoring unobstructed rays of sun, the toothbrush tree thrives under maximum light exposure for robust growth. It evolved in habitats where shade is a rarity. However, both overexposure and underexposure can to some extent affect the plant's health, causing stunted or irregular growth.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Toothbrush tree thrives in full sunlight but is sensitive to heat. As a plant commonly grown outdoors with abundant sunlight, it may exhibit subtle symptoms of light deficiency when placed in rooms with suboptimal lighting.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your Toothbrush tree may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Toothbrush tree enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Toothbrush tree thrives in full sun exposure but is sensitive to heat. Although sunburn symptoms occasionally occur, they are unable to withstand intense sunlight in high-temperature environments.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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