Botanical name: Sapindaceae
Botanical name: Sapindaceae
Species of Soapberry
Bread and cheese
Golden rain trees
Koelreuteria are medium-sized, deciduous trees in the soapberry family. Though not of particular commercial importance, several species are grown ornamentally. Among these, the Chinese Flame Tree (K. bipinnata) and the Golden Raintree (K. paniculata) are the most notable – both are common in temperate gardens and parks around the world, sporting showy flowers that bloom during the summer.
Mischocarpus is a genus of about nineteen species of trees known to science, constituting part of the plant family Sapindaceae. They grow naturally from Australia and New Guinea.
The cupaniopsis (Cupaniopsis) are a group of tropical shrubs and small trees. Many species within the genus are considered vulnerable and threatened, largely due to habitat destruction and competition from invasive species. Some cupaniopsiss, most notably the Tuckeroo (C. anacardioides), have become invasives themselves. The Tuckeroo and a handful of other cupaniopsiss are planted as ornamentals, being prized for their verdant foliage and their tolerance to salinity.
Mexican buckeye is a genus of flowering plants in the family Sapindaceae containing one species, a shrub or small tree native to northern Mexico as well as Texas and southern New Mexico in the United States.
Alectryon is a genus of about 30 species of trees and shrubs from the family Sapindaceae. They grow naturally across Australasia, Papuasia, Melanesia, western Polynesia, east Malesia and Southeast Asia. Species height varies form low shrubs to trees of 30 m. Their leathery leaves may be simple or pinnate foliage. Small flowers, form usually at the ends of the stems. The seed is often black, surrounded by a fleshy aril, often red.
Nephelium are a genus with members that produce fruits with toxic outer walls. These evergreen trees, occasionally shrubs, are native to Southeast Asia and parts of China. Nephelium are perennials that have been used to make green dyes, candles, and soaps.
Yellowhorn is a woody perennial, growing to 8 m tall. Yellowhorn includes only one species. The leaves are arranged alternately, and are pinnate, with 9–17 leaflets, the leaflets with a sharly serrated margin. The flowers with five white petals, and are produced in erect panicles in mid spring. The fruit is an oval leathery capsule, which splits into three sections at maturity to release the 6–18 seeds; the seeds are black, resembling a small horse chestnut seed. It is native to northern China.
Tropical melicoccus grow as fruit-bearing trees and shrubs. They tend to grow large with spreading branches and evergreen leaves, which makes them popular shade trees. One species, the Melicoccus bijugatus, grows limes which are enjoyed as a sour fruit. The wood from the trees is also a popular choice for carpentry.
Handeliodendron is a rare deciduous tree/shrub native to China. It grows up to 15 m tall. Handeliodendron is a monotypic genus.
The pappea (small to medium tree with a height of 7 to 13 m or 7 to 13 m) is a long-lived, hardy, evergreen. The greenish flowers are borne on catkins in the axils of the leaves. The fruit are furry green capsule that splits to yield an orange-red flesh containing a single black seed. The leaves are alternate, simple and oblong, hard-textured and wavy. The genus includes only one species. Pappea is widespread in southern Africa.