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Laurel Greenbrier
Laurel Greenbrier
Laurel Greenbrier
Laurel Greenbrier
Laurel Greenbrier
Laurel Greenbrier
Laurel Greenbrier
Smilax laurifolia
Also known as : Bamboo Vine
Laurel Greenbrier (Smilax laurifolia) is an evergreen herbaceous vine with leathery leaves and thorny, twining stems that grows in dense thickets. It produces a blackish-blue fruit that has been used to dye fabrics and leather. It grows in partial shade or partial sun in moist soil. Laurel Greenbrier is considered a weed in much of the Southeastern United States.
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
7 to 10
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Key Facts About Laurel Greenbrier

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Attributes of Laurel Greenbrier

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Herb
Bloom Time
All year around
Plant Height
3.5 m to 6 m
Spread
6 mm
Flower Size
2.5 cm
Flower Color
Yellow
Green
Leaf type
Semi-evergreen
Ideal Temperature
15 - 35 ℃

Scientific Classification of Laurel Greenbrier

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Distribution of Laurel Greenbrier

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Habitat of Laurel Greenbrier

Swamps, low ground, moist woods and thickets, bays, bogs, pocosins, swamp margins, marshy banks
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Laurel Greenbrier

Laurel Greenbrier is a plant primarily native to subtropical regions of North America and the Caribbean. Its habitat extends through a broad range of wetland areas within these major regions. While endemic to these locales, there has been no significant introduction of laurel Greenbrier to distant or non-native regions. The growth of laurel Greenbrier remains consistent with its natural distribution patterns, without notable expansion beyond its indigenous range.
distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
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Questions About Laurel Greenbrier

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Watering Watering Watering
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
What is the best way to water my Laurel Greenbrier?
When watering the Laurel Greenbrier, you should aim to use filtered water that is at room temperature. Filtered water is better for this plant, as tap water can contain particles that are harmful to its health. The reason that the water should be at room temperature or slightly warmer is that the Laurel Greenbrier comes from a warm environment, and cold water can be somewhat of a shock to its system. Also, you should avoid overhead watering for this plant, as it can cause foliage complications. Instead, simply apply your filtered room temperature water to the soil until the soil is entirely soaked. Soaking the soil can be very beneficial for this plant as it moistens the roots and helps them continue to spread through the soil and collect the nutrients they need.
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What should I do if I water my Laurel Greenbrier too much or too little?
Both overwatering and underwatering will be detrimental to the health of your Laurel Greenbrier, but overwatering is a far more common issue. When this species receives too much water, its stems and leaves may begin to wilt and turn from green to yellow. Overwatering over a prolonged period may also lead to diseases such as root rot, mold, and mildew, all of which can kill your plant. Underwatering is far less common for the Laurel Greenbrier, as this plant has decent drought tolerance. However, underwatering remains a possibility, and when it occurs, you can expect to find that the leaves of your Laurel Greenbrier have become brittle and brown.
It is crucial that you notice the signs of overwatering as soon as possible when caring for your Laurel Greenbrier. Some of the diseases that arise from overwatering, such as root rot, may not be correctable if you wait too long. If you see early signs of overwatering, you should reduce your watering schedule immediately. You may also want to assess the quality of soil in which your Laurel Greenbrier grows. If you find that the soil drains very poorly, you should replace it immediately with a loose, well-draining potting mix. On the other hand, if you find signs that your Laurel Greenbrier is receiving too little water, all you need to do is water more regularly until those signs have subsided.
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How often should I water my Laurel Greenbrier?
If your plant is in a pot. The most precise way to decide whether your Laurel Greenbrier needs water is to plunge your finger into the soil. If you notice that the first two to three inches of soil have become dry, it is time to add some water.
If you grow your Laurel Greenbrier outdoors in the ground, you can use a similar method to test the soil. Again, when you find that the first few inches of soil have dried out, it is time to add water. During the spring and early fall, this method will often lead you to water this plant about once every week. When extremely hot weather arrives, you may need to increase your watering frequency to about twice or more per week. With that said, mature, well-established the Laurel Greenbrier can show an admirable ability to withstand drought.
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How much water does my Laurel Greenbrier need?
When it comes time to water your Laurel Greenbrier, you should not be shy about how much water you give. With the first two to three inches of soil dry, this plant will appreciate a long and thorough watering. Supply enough water to soak the soil entirely. The amount of water you add should be enough to cause excess water to flow through the drainage holes at the bottom of your pot. If you don’t see excess water draining from the pot, you have likely underwatered your plant. But do not let the water accumulate inside the soil, which will be very dangerous to the plant as well. Alternatively, a lack of water draining through the pot could indicate poorly draining soils, which is detrimental to the health of this plant and should be avoided. If the plant is outside, 1 inch of rain per week will be sufficient.
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How should I water my Laurel Greenbrier at different growth stages?
The water needs of the Laurel Greenbrier can change depending on growth stages as well. For example, when your Laurel Greenbrier is in the first few years of its life, or if you have just transplanted it to a new growing location, you will need to give more water than usual. During both of those stages, your Laurel Greenbrier will put a lot of energy towards sprouting new roots that will then support future growth. For those roots to perform their best, they need a bit more moisture than they would at a more mature phase. After a few seasons, your Laurel Greenbrier will need much less water. Another growth stage in which this plant may need more water is during the bloom period. Flower development can make use of a significant amount of moisture, which is why you might need to give your Laurel Greenbrier more water at this time.
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How should I water my Laurel Greenbrier through the seasons?
The Laurel Greenbrier will have its highest water needs during the hottest months of the year. During the height of summer, you may need to give this plant water more than once per week, depending on how fast the soil dries out. The opposite is true during the winter. In winter, your plant will enter a dormant phase, in which it will need far less water than usual. In fact, you may not need to water this plant at all during the winter months. However, if you do water during winter, you should not do so more than about once per month. Watering too much at this time will make it more likely that your Laurel Greenbrier will contract a disease.
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What's the difference between watering my Laurel Greenbrier indoors and outdoors?
It is most common to grow the Laurel Greenbrier indoors for any gardener that does not live in temperate and tropical regions. Those gardeners should consider the fact that soil in a container can dry out a bit faster than ground soil. Also, the presence of drying elements such as air conditioning units can cause your Laurel Greenbrier to need water on a more frequent basis as well. if you planted it outside. When that is the case, it’s likely you won’t need to water your Laurel Greenbrier very much at all. If you receive rainfall on a regular basis, that may be enough to keep your plant alive. Alternatively, those who grow this plant inside will need to water it more often, as allowing rainwater to soak the soil will not be an option.
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More Info on Laurel Greenbrier Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Lighting
Full sun
Laurel Greenbrier thrives best when exposed to a generous amount of sun throughout the day. Yet, it is able to withstand locales where the sun's rays only partially envelope it. However, lack of ample light could impede its growth, while overexposure might cause harm. Originating from areas enjoying plentiful sunshine, various growth stages rely on similar light conditions.
Best Sunlight Practices
Temperature
-10 - 41 ℃
Laurel Greenbrier is native to temperate areas with temperature ranges from 59 to 95 °F (15 to 35 ℃). It prefers warmer conditions, thus heat management is essential especially in cooler seasons. Adjustments should be made to provide warmth during such times.
Temp for Healthy Growth
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Ancistrocladus tectorius
Ancistrocladus tectorius
Ancistrocladus tectorius (*Ancistrocladus* *tectorius*) is an evergreen, tropical climbing shrub that can grow up to 18 m tall. Commonly found growing on evergreen trees in the subtropical regions of Asia, it has curved hooks that allow it to attach to trees and other structures for support. Its flowers are small and appear in clusters, nestled between the large leaves.
Rhodobryum giganteum
Rhodobryum giganteum
Rhodobryum giganteum is gorgeous moss that resembles small green flowers. Gardeners use it as a ground cover in damp soil. The plant can survive in arid conditions by going dormant. It may look like it has withered and died, but it is only waiting for the next soaking rain to revive it.
Balanophora laxiflora
Balanophora laxiflora
Balanophora laxiflora (*Balanophora* *laxiflora*) finds its way onto host plants and sucks the life out of them by tapping into their host's vascular system. It emits an odor that attracts pollinators such as bees and butterflies. It is found growing in subtropical regions around the world, including on many Pacific Islands. The root-like tubers are converted into unique fuel for burning torches.
Rhaphidophora hookeri
Rhaphidophora hookeri
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Madhuca pasquieri
Madhuca pasquieri
The International Union for Conservation of Nature has listed madhuca pasquieri as vulnerable due to over-exploitation. It is valued for its oil-rich seeds and timber, which have been the leading causes for its decline. Madhuca pasquieri is a perennial evergreen canopy tree.
Saussurea japonica
Saussurea japonica
Saussurea japonica (Saussurea japonica) is named after its habitat since Japonica is Latin for Japan. This member of the thistle family has attractive purple flowers that are pollinated by insects including bees.
Earleaf Greenbrier
Earleaf Greenbrier
Earleaf Greenbrier (Smilax auriculata) is an evergreen climbing vine that produces fragrant green flowers from spring to summer followed by clusters of grape-like berries. It grows in full sun or partial shade in moist well-drained soil. Earleaf Greenbrier is a very aggressive grower and can tangle its way into ornamental plantings with roots that are almost impossible to fully extricate from the ground.
Cat greenbrier
Cat greenbrier
Cat greenbrier (Smilax glauca) is a woodland vine plant native to the central and eastern United States. It is resistant to fire because of the properties of its root structure.
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Laurel Greenbrier
Laurel Greenbrier
Laurel Greenbrier
Laurel Greenbrier
Laurel Greenbrier
Laurel Greenbrier
Laurel Greenbrier
Smilax laurifolia
Also known as: Bamboo Vine
Laurel Greenbrier (Smilax laurifolia) is an evergreen herbaceous vine with leathery leaves and thorny, twining stems that grows in dense thickets. It produces a blackish-blue fruit that has been used to dye fabrics and leather. It grows in partial shade or partial sun in moist soil. Laurel Greenbrier is considered a weed in much of the Southeastern United States.
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
7 to 10
more
plant_info

Key Facts About Laurel Greenbrier

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Feedback
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Attributes of Laurel Greenbrier

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Herb
Bloom Time
All year around
Plant Height
3.5 m to 6 m
Spread
6 mm
Flower Size
2.5 cm
Flower Color
Yellow
Green
Leaf type
Semi-evergreen
Ideal Temperature
15 - 35 ℃
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Scientific Classification of Laurel Greenbrier

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distribution

Distribution of Laurel Greenbrier

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Habitat of Laurel Greenbrier

Swamps, low ground, moist woods and thickets, bays, bogs, pocosins, swamp margins, marshy banks
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Laurel Greenbrier

Laurel Greenbrier is a plant primarily native to subtropical regions of North America and the Caribbean. Its habitat extends through a broad range of wetland areas within these major regions. While endemic to these locales, there has been no significant introduction of laurel Greenbrier to distant or non-native regions. The growth of laurel Greenbrier remains consistent with its natural distribution patterns, without notable expansion beyond its indigenous range.
distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
question

Questions About Laurel Greenbrier

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Feedback
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Watering Watering Watering
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
What is the best way to water my Laurel Greenbrier?
more
What should I do if I water my Laurel Greenbrier too much or too little?
more
How often should I water my Laurel Greenbrier?
more
How much water does my Laurel Greenbrier need?
more
How should I water my Laurel Greenbrier at different growth stages?
more
How should I water my Laurel Greenbrier through the seasons?
more
What's the difference between watering my Laurel Greenbrier indoors and outdoors?
more
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More Info on Laurel Greenbrier Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
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Plants Related to Laurel Greenbrier

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Lighting
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Laurel Greenbrier thrives best when exposed to a generous amount of sun throughout the day. Yet, it is able to withstand locales where the sun's rays only partially envelope it. However, lack of ample light could impede its growth, while overexposure might cause harm. Originating from areas enjoying plentiful sunshine, various growth stages rely on similar light conditions.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Laurel Greenbrier thrives in full sunlight and is commonly grown outdoors where it receives ample sunlight. When placed in rooms with inadequate lighting, symptoms of light deficiency may not be readily apparent.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your Laurel Greenbrier may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Laurel Greenbrier enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Laurel Greenbrier thrives in full sun exposure and can tolerate intense sunlight. With their remarkable resilience, symptoms of sunburn may not be easily visible, as they rarely suffer from it.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Laurel Greenbrier is native to temperate areas with temperature ranges from 59 to 95 °F (15 to 35 ℃). It prefers warmer conditions, thus heat management is essential especially in cooler seasons. Adjustments should be made to provide warmth during such times.
Regional wintering strategies
Laurel Greenbrier has strong cold resistance, so special frost protection measures are usually not necessary during winter. However, if the winter temperatures are expected to drop below {Limit_growth_temperature}, it is still important to provide cold protection. This can be achieved by covering the plant with materials such as soil or straw. Before the first freeze in autumn, it is recommended to water the plant abundantly, ensuring the soil remains moist and enters a frozen state. This helps prevent drought and water scarcity for the plant during winter and early spring.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in Laurel Greenbrier
Laurel Greenbrier is cold-tolerant and thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, although there may not be any noticeable changes during winter, there may be a decrease in sprouting or even no sprouting during springtime.
Solutions
In spring, remove any parts that have failed to sprout.
Symptoms of High Temperature in Laurel Greenbrier
During summer, Laurel Greenbrier should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the leaves of the plant may become lighter in color, prone to curling, susceptible to sunburn, and in severe cases, the entire plant may wilt and become dry.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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