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Arrowhead plant play
Arrowhead plant
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Arrowhead plant
Arrowhead plant
Arrowhead plant
Arrowhead plant
Arrowhead plant
Syngonium podophyllum
Also known as : American evergreen, Goosefoot
Water
Water
Every week
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Sunlight
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Toxic to Pets
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Care Guide for Arrowhead plant

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Watering Care
Watering Care
Details on Watering Care Watering Care
Fertilizing Care
Fertilizing Care
Details on Fertilizing Care Fertilizing Care
Pruning
Pruning
Trim the diseased, withered leaves once a month.
Details on Pruning Pruning
Soil Care
Soil Care
Loam, Clay, Sand, Chalky, Sandy loam, Acidic, Neutral, Alkaline
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Repotting
Repotting
Humidity tolerant. All parts of plant contain calcium oxalate crystals, an irritant to the mouth and esophagus. Toxic to cats and dogs.
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Arrowhead plant
Water
Water
Every week
Sunlight
Sunlight
Full shade
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
10 to 13
Planting Time
Planting Time
All year round
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Questions About Arrowhead plant

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Arrowhead plant?
There are plenty of viable ways to supply your Arrowhead plant with water. If you grow your plant in an indoor pot, for the Arrowhead plants in small pots, you can bring your potted plant to your kitchen sink. Then, use the faucet to add water to the container. By holding the pot in your hands, you should easily notice when the water begins to run through the pot’s drainage holes, at which point you can stop watering. The cold temperature will hurt the plants' root system, so please don't do this during winter or in cold climates. Most of the time, watering via your faucet is permissible for the Arrowhead plant. However, if the local tap water contains a high proportion of fluorine, chlorine or salts, you should consider using rainwater or lake water. Also, since the Arrowhead plant can respond well to overhead watering and watering directly into the soil, you can use a watering can, hose, or just about any tool you’d like to water it.
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What should I do if I water my Arrowhead plant too much or too little?
If you discover that you have underwatered your Arrowhead plant, your first step towards remedying the situation is to give your plant some water. Water deeply until excess water runs from the container’s drainage hole, or if you grow outside, water until the soil has become entirely moist. If you find your Arrowhead plant is receiving too much water, begin by reducing your watering schedule. You also want to address the soil and container your Arrowhead plant grows in. If either the soil or the container makes it difficult for water to drain efficiently, your plant will likely become overwatered again. Resolve the issue by moving your plant to looser soils and/or a container with bigger drainage holes or a more porous material. Also check the location of the plant. If the plant is in places like a corner, then it is recommended to move it to a window or around a door to enhance ventilation. Making sure the plants are in a well-ventilated location can reduce the occurrence of overwatering to some extent.
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How often should I water my Arrowhead plant?
The Arrowhead plant is not a species that requires consistent soil moisture. Instead, it is better to allow this plant’s soil to become dry between waterings. If you are like the many gardeners who grow Arrowhead plants in containers, you can judge whether or not it is time to add water by how dry the soil within the container is. For instance, if about top half of the soil in your container has become dry, it is time to add water. You can feel it by inserting your fingers or sticks into the soil or with soil moisture meter. For those who grow the Arrowhead plant outdoors, you can plan to do your watering about once every other week, provided it has not rained recently.
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How much water does my Arrowhead plant need?
After waiting for the first several layers of soil surrounding your Arrowhead plant’s root to become dry(top half of the soil), it is time to add enough water to make them moist again. The amount of water it takes to achieve that goal depends on if you use a container, how large that container is, and how large your plant itself is. For a small Arrowhead plant growing in a small to a medium-sized container, one to two cups may be enough to dampen the soil sufficiently. As you would expect, the volume of water you supply should increase for a larger plant. The best way to make sure your plant has received enough water is to stick your finger or a trowel into the soil and feel whether it is entirely moist. Alternatively, you can water until you see excess water draining from the holes at the bottom of your container.
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Arrowhead plant enough?
Overwatering and underwatering are both bad for the health of your Arrowhead plant. These two issues also manifest themselves in subtly different ways when they occur. Arrowhead plant that receives too little water may begin to develop yellow leaves. Underwatering may also cause the leaf margins to become brown and brittle. By contrast, Arrowhead plant that gets overwatered will often show yellow and brown marks on its leaves at the same time. Overwatering can also lead to diseases like root rot, some of which may also be visible on your plant. However, if you know the signs of overwatering and underwatering, you stand a good chance of correcting both issues.
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How should I water my Arrowhead plant through the seasons?
During spring and fall, your watering schedule for the Arrowhead plant will remain relatively the same, which will involve watering this plant about once every week. During summer, you may find that the hot weather causes your plant to need more water than usual, especially if it grows where there is a considerable amount of daily light exposure. In the winter, if it's hard to find some warm places for you plant, your Arrowhead plant will enter a dormant growth phase, in which it will need far less water than usual. At this time, you may get by without watering your plant at all. If you do choose to water during winter, you should not do so more often than once every two to three weeks.
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How should I water my Arrowhead plant at different growth stages?
After planting a new, young Arrowhead plant or after transplanting an older Arrowhead plant, you will probably need to give this plant more water than usual. Young plants often need consistent soil moisture during the early stages of their growth to help them adapt to their new growing locations. Transplants also need more water for a brief time to overcome transplant shock. In either case, you may need to water multiple times per week until your plant has exhibited continuous healthy growth. In most situations, your water should be moderate and should never be significant enough to cause overwatering.
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What's the difference between watering Arrowhead plant indoors and outdoors?
There are a few reasons why you may need to water an indoor Arrowhead plant more often than one that grows in the ground outdoors. First, indoor growing settings tend to be drier than outdoor ones, often due to the effect of air conditioning units. While thw size of the pot and the soil determines the warer accumulating ability. Additionally, when your plant grows indoors, it will rely on you entirely for its water By contrast, Arrowhead plant that grows outside can receive water from rain. If you are in an area with high rainfall, you may not have to give it extra watering. When there is not enough rain, you should water additionally to ensure that the soil does not dry out completely.
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Key Facts About Arrowhead plant

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Attributes of Arrowhead plant

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Vine, Herb
Planting Time
All year round
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer, Fall
Harvest Time
Mid summer, Late summer
Plant Height
91 cm to 1.8 m
Spread
30 cm to 60 cm
Leaf Color
Green
White
Silver
Flower Size
3.5 mm to 4 mm
Flower Color
Green
White
Cream
Fruit Color
Brown
Black
Copper
Stem Color
Green
Gray
Silver
White
Dormancy
Non-dormant
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 41 ℃
Growth Season
Summer

Name story

Arrowhead plant

Symbolism

Usages

Environmental Protection Value
Garden Use

Trivia and Interesting Facts

Scientific Classification of Arrowhead plant

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Quickly Identify Arrowhead plant

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Climbing growth reaching 6 feet (1.8 meters)
2
Long-petioled leaves with various colors
3
Ornamental arrowhead-shaped leaves
4
Smooth, green succulent stem with adventitious roots
5
Egg-shaped cluster of small, red berries
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Common Pests & Diseases About Arrowhead plant

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Common issues for Arrowhead plant based on 10 million real cases
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Wilting
Wilting Wilting
Wilting
Wilting is a disease that causes the leaves of the Arrowhead plant to droop or wilt. It generally arises from improper watering practices, root rot, or pathogen attack, and can ultimately lead to the death of the plant if not treated properly.
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot
Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot
Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Solutions: Bacterial infections need to be treated quickly to prevent the spread to neighboring, healthy plants, potentially wiping out large sections of your indoor or outdoor garden. In mild cases: Use sterilized (10% bleach solution) pruning shears or scissors to remove any infected plant parts, making sure to dispose of them off site. Use a copper-based bactericide to treat the unaffected foliage, as well as the soil, and neighboring plants. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label. In severe cases, where more than half the leaves are affected: Remove all of the infected plants from the garden, disposing of them off site. Treat the soil and neighboring plants using a copper-based bactericide. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Underwatering yellow
Underwatering yellow Underwatering yellow
Underwatering yellow
A lack of water will cause the leaves to gradually turn yellow starting at the base of the branch while the entire plant appears to wilt.
Solutions: Your plant is very thirsty and needs water promptly. You can revive your plant by giving it water. The easiest technique is to slowly pour water into your plant’s soil so that the whole surface is moistened. If you pour the water too quickly, the water will flow directly through rather than diffusing throughout the soil. If your plant’s pot does not have drainage holes, do not give your plant more than about a third of the pot’s volume of water. If your plant’s pot does have drainage holes, you can add water slowly until the soil is thoroughly moistened and the water flows freely through the pot. If you trim off yellow leaves to improve the plant’s appearance, do not remove more than a third of the plant’s leaves. It may be better to wait until leaves have died and fallen off to remove them.
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plant poor
Wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Wilting Disease on Arrowhead plant?
What is Wilting Disease on Arrowhead plant?
Wilting is a disease that causes the leaves of the Arrowhead plant to droop or wilt. It generally arises from improper watering practices, root rot, or pathogen attack, and can ultimately lead to the death of the plant if not treated properly.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Wilting in Arrowhead plant is manifested through the drooping or curling of leaves, leading to their eventual yellowing or browning. Advanced stages display rotten roots and stunted growth.
What Causes Wilting Disease on Arrowhead plant?
What Causes Wilting Disease on Arrowhead plant?
1
Improper watering
Overwatering or underwatering can lead to wilting of the plant, as it promotes root rot or water stress.
2
Root rot
The presence of fungal phytopathogens may lead to root rot, causing wilting in Arrowhead plant.
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Arrowhead plant?
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Arrowhead plant?
1
Non pesticide
Proper watering: Adjust watering habits to ensure the plant is neither overwatered nor underwatered, as both can contribute to wilting.

Improve soil drainage: Enhance soil drainage to prevent waterlogged conditions conducive to root rot.
2
Pesticide
Apply fungicide: Administer a fungicide solution to target fungal pathogens causing root rot.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
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Leaf rot
plant poor
Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Overview
Overview
Leaf rot is very common among both house plants and garden plants. It affects foliage and occurs mainly when the leaves become wet due to rain or misting by the gardener. The cause is fungal disease and this is facilitated by the fungal spores adhering to wet leaves then penetrating the leaf and expanding rapidly. Damp conditions and poor air circulation will increase chances of infection taking place. Another factor are leaves that are damaged or have been penetrated by sap sucking insects that facilitate plant penetration.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  1. Spores are able to cling to a damp leaf and penetrate, often through an existing wound.
  2. A small dark brown mark appears which expands rapidly as sporulation starts to take place.
  3. Quite quickly these bull's eye like circles can link together and the whole leaf turns dark and loses texture.
  4. Leaf drop occurs.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
These symptoms are caused by a bacterial infection invading the plant. Bacteria from many sources in the environment (air, water, soil, diseased plants) enter a plant through wounds, or in some cases the stomata when they are open. Once inside the leaf tissue, the bacteria feed and reproduce quickly, breaking down healthy leaves.
Bacterial infections threaten most plant species, and are more prominent in wet weather that more easily transfers the bacteria from plant to plant, or from soil to plant.
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Aged yellow and dry
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Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
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Underwatering yellow
plant poor
Underwatering yellow
A lack of water will cause the leaves to gradually turn yellow starting at the base of the branch while the entire plant appears to wilt.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Your plant’s leaves are turning yellow due to underwatering, the oldest leaves turn yellow first. Leaves yellow from the edges towards the middle. Other signs of underwatering include the soil feeling very dry or pulling away from the edge of its pot.
Solutions
Solutions
Your plant is very thirsty and needs water promptly.
  1. You can revive your plant by giving it water. The easiest technique is to slowly pour water into your plant’s soil so that the whole surface is moistened. If you pour the water too quickly, the water will flow directly through rather than diffusing throughout the soil. If your plant’s pot does not have drainage holes, do not give your plant more than about a third of the pot’s volume of water. If your plant’s pot does have drainage holes, you can add water slowly until the soil is thoroughly moistened and the water flows freely through the pot.
  2. If you trim off yellow leaves to improve the plant’s appearance, do not remove more than a third of the plant’s leaves. It may be better to wait until leaves have died and fallen off to remove them.
Prevention
Prevention
  1. When you get a new plant, research its specific watering needs. Set reminders so that you remember to water your plants consistently. Not all plants are the same, so make sure to differentiate all of your plants in your watering schedule.
  2. You may wish to purchase a commercial soil water meter which has a long probe that you place near your plant’s roots. Be sure to check it frequently and water your plant when the soil water meter indicates that it needs watering.
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toxic

Arrowhead plant and Their Toxicity

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* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
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Toxic to Dogs
Toxic to Dogs
Toxic to Cats
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Your pets like cats and dogs can be poisoned by them as well!
1
Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
It’s better to kill those growing around your house. Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages, and do not let your pets reach it;Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
7
If you take your pets to hike with you in the wild, please don’t let them eat any plants that you don’t know;
8
Once your pets eat, touch or inhale anything from toxic plants and act abnormally, please call the doctors for help ASAP!
pets
Pets
Some pets are less likely than children to eat and touch just about everything. This is good, as a pet owner. However, you know your pet best, and it is up to you to keep them safe. There are plenty of poisonous weeds that can grow within the confines of your lawn, which might make your dogs or cats ill or worse if they eat them. Try to have an idea of what toxic plants grow in your area and keep them under control and your pets away from them.
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Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Everyone should keep the following in mind to prevent being poisoned:
1
Do not eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
If you need to kill it, wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages;
7
Wear properly when you hiking or working in the wilderness. Long pants, long sleeves, gloves, hiking shoes, etc., that protect you from being hurt by any plants;
8
Once you or your family aren’t feeling well after eating, touching or inhaling anything from toxic plants, please call your doctor for help ASAP!
Outdoor Workers
Outdoor Workers and Recreationalists
Those who enjoy the outdoors either as a hobby or as part of their work will rarely see a plant and decide to munch on it (although the scenario is not unheard of). However, they do tend to deal with moving through and brushing aside plants. These people are more at risk of being poisoned by touching toxic plants than by ingesting them.
Outdoor Workers
Foragers
Foragers
Foraging for food and medicinal plants is a desirable skill among people who want to feel at one with the land. This hobby can be very useful and enjoyable, but if done wrong , it can lead to disastrous effects. People who forage are picking and grabbing plants with the full intention of using those plants, most of the time to ingest them.
Foragers
Children
Children
While outdoor workers are more likely to touch poison and foragers are more likely to ingest poison, children can easily do both. These bundles of joy just love to run around and explore the world. They enjoy touching things and occasionally shoving random stuff in their mouth; this is a terrible combination with toxic plants in the mix.
If you let your children run about, it is important to know what are the local toxic plants that they could accidentally get into. Try to educate the children and steer them away from where the toxic plants are located.
Children
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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weed

Weed Control About Arrowhead plant

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Toxic weed
Arrowhead plant is a mildly toxic vine, considered a weed and an invasive species in tropical and subtropical areas.
How to Control it
The most effective way to control arrowhead plant is by alternate uses of manual removal and herbicide applications. This plant is very difficult to eradicate, as it can regrow and reestablish the colony from the remaining underground plant parts. Follow the arrowhead plant vine to the section from where it emerges from the soil. Grab the plant as close to the soil as possible and pull it out. Place the debris in garbage bags and dispose of it properly to prevent its spread into new areas. Wear gloves and protective clothing when you handle this plant, as its sap can irritate the skin. Herbicides can also be used to control the spread of arrowhead plant. However, considering this plant is a vine, herbicides should be applied with utmost care to avoid negative effects on other plants. Always read the manufacturer label before applying and follow the instructions carefully. Spray on a windless day to avoid drift.
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Distribution of Arrowhead plant

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Habitat of Arrowhead plant

Dense primary forest, secondary growth
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Arrowhead plant

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
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More Info on Arrowhead Plant Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Water
Every week
Arrowhead plant is native to regions in Central and South America, including Mexico, Brazil, and Ecuador. This plant typically grows in tropical rainforests and thrives in warm, humid environments. Its native habitat indicates that arrowhead plant prefers consistently moist soil, as it is accustomed to high levels of rainfall and humidity. It is important to water arrowhead plant regularly, ensuring that the soil remains evenly moist but not waterlogged. This will help mimic its natural environment and promote healthy growth.
Watering Techniques
Lighting
Full shade
The arrowhead plant flourishes in areas with limited light penetration as it hails from dense, understorey regions. Its growth won't be hindered by a moderate amount of sun, but excessive sunshine exposure could result in adverse effects such as yellowing or curling of leaves. On the contrary, scarce light could slow growth and lead to weak, spindly stems.
Best Sunlight Practices
Transplant
1-2 feet
The ideal season for transplanting arrowhead plant is during mid to late spring, or alternatively, mid to late fall. Ensuring arrowhead plant is placed in a well-lit, shaded location with well-drained soil will lead to a successful transplant. Remember, gentle care is key when handling arrowhead plant.
Transplant Techniques
Temperature
5 - 45 ℃
The arrowhead plant plant is originally from tropical regions with an ideal temperature range of 68 to 105 ℉ (20 to 41 ℃). They can tolerate temperatures down to 60 ℉ (15.6 ℃) but may experience slowed growth. In the winter, keep the plant away from cold drafts and maintain a temperature range of 68 to 75 ℉ (20 to 24 ℃).
Temp for Healthy Growth
Pruning
Spring, Summer, Fall
Popular for its arrow-shaped leaves and vining habit, arrowhead plant thrives with regular pruning. The essential techniques include trimming leggy stems to encourage bushier growth and cutting back any yellow or damaged foliage to maintain health and aesthetics. Prune from early spring to late fall, targeting vigorous periods for robust recovery. Pruning also manages size, stimulates new shoots, and can help in propagating new plants, making it beneficial for arrowhead plant's vitality and longevity.
Pruning techniques
Propagation
Spring, Summer
Arrowhead plant is propagated through herbaceous cuttings during the spring and summer months. Propagation difficulty is low, and signs of successful propagation include the rooting and growth of the cutting. When propagating, ensure that the cutting has at least one node and provide adequate warmth and humidity for optimal results.
Propagation Techniques
Overwinter
5 - 45 ℃
Arrowhead plant thrives in tropical rainforests, naturally protected from cold extremes. Its adaptation is primarily indoor migration. Over-winter, caretakers should maintain a warm, humid environment for arrowhead plant. Diminished light is tolerable, but never let temperatures dip below 50°F (10°C). Water moderately, allowing soil to dry between waterings, and be vigilant for drafty windows that could introduce cold air, potentially damaging the plant.
Winter Techniques
Best Time to Buy
Mid spring, Late spring
Consider obtaining arrowhead plant during mid to late spring when it's in its peak growth stage. This unique plant, admired for its distinctively arrow-shaped leaves, requires moderate maintenance and grows at a medium rate. When purchasing, look for vibrant green foliage as a sign of a healthy arrowhead plant.
How to Choose Arrowhead plant
Wilting
Wilting is a disease that causes the leaves of the Arrowhead plant to droop or wilt. It generally arises from improper watering practices, root rot, or pathogen attack, and can ultimately lead to the death of the plant if not treated properly.
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Brown blotch
Brown spot is a common disease affecting Arrowhead plant. It's caused by fungal, bacterial, or environmental conditions, leading to formation of brown spots on the leaves, often surrounded by a yellow halo. If untreated, it can severely stunt the plant's growth and vitality.
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Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a severe fungal disease impacting Arrowhead plant. It causes discoloration, wilting, and eventual death of the plant if left untreated. The affected plants may also become highly susceptible to additional disease and pest issues.
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Mealybugs
Mealybugs are severe pests causing substantial harm to Arrowhead plant. These pests consume its sap, resulting in wilting, yellowing, and stunted growth of the plant. If untreated, heavy infestation can lead to the plant's death.
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Leaf mites
Leaf mites are tiny, sap-sucking arachnids that infest Arrowhead plant, resulting in damage and reduced growth. These pests cause tiny, yellow spots on leaves, webbing, and overall dullness in the plant's color.
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Mealybug
Mealybug disease significantly hinders the health of Arrowhead plant, causing sticky, cotton-like growths on leaves and stems. This pest infestation leads to yellowing leaves, stunted growth, and potential plant death if untreated.
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Dark blotch
Dark Blotch is a fungal disease that primarily affects Arrowhead plant, causing distinctive black markings on the leaves that impair photosynthesis. If uncontrolled, it severely weakens the plant, making it susceptible to other diseases, possibly leading to death. The disease is prevalent in humid, unventilated environments.
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Spots
Spots is a common disease in Arrowhead plant, caused mainly by fungal pathogens and environmental stress. Affected plants display noticeable spots on the foliage, which if left untreated, can stunt growth and induce wilting, seriously compromising the plant’s health and aesthetic value.
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Yellow edges
Yellow edges is a detrimental disease affecting Arrowhead plant plants, causing yellowing and curling of the foliage edges. It detrimentally affects the plant's health, leading to stunted growth, root damage, and severe cases may result in plant death.
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Leaf wilting
Leaf wilting is a common symptom indicating disease, nutrient, light, or water issues affecting Arrowhead plant. It severely hampers the plant's health, affecting its aesthetic appeal and causing potential decay if left unchecked.
Read More
Scale insect
Scale insect infestation in Arrowhead plant commonly results in stunted growth and leaf damage, primarily impacting aesthetic appeal and plant health. Early detection is vital for effective management and control.
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Notch
Notch is a disease that primarily affects Arrowhead plant, causing damage to the leaves and stems. This condition results in stunted growth, weak plant structure, and often eventual plant death if left untreated.
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Wounds
Wounds on Arrowhead plant typically result from physical damage rather than disease, impacting the plant's aesthetic appeal and physiological health, potentially leading to secondary infections.
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Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing, or chlorosis, is a common issue affecting Arrowhead plant, characterized by the yellowing of plant foliage. This condition impedes the overall vitality and aesthetic appeal of the plant, with underlying causes varying from nutrient deficiencies to overwatering.
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Black mold
Black mold is a fungal disease that targets Arrowhead plant, causing discolored foliage, retarded growth, and in severe cases, plant death. This disease thrives in environments with poor air circulation and high humidity.
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Scars
Scars on Arrowhead plant appear as unsightly marks affecting the aesthetic value and potentially its overall health. The scars can inhibit photosynthesis by blocking light absorption and weaken the plant, making it more susceptible to other issues.
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Leaf blotch
Leaf blotch is a fungal or bacterial disease affecting Arrowhead plant, resulting in discolored, blotchy leaves, reduced vigor, and potential defoliation. It's crucial for aesthetic and health reasons to identify and manage this disease effectively.
Read More
Aerial root
Aerial root disease affects Arrowhead plant by stunting growth, leading to weaker foliage and potential plant decline. It often results from high humidity and poor air circulation.
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Whole leaf withering
Whole leaf withering is a disease affecting Arrowhead plant, primarily causing leaves to wilt and yellow, affecting overall plant health and aesthetics. The condition, if severe, leads to plant death.
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Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering in Arrowhead plant is a disorder where the leaf tips wilt and dry up. This is mainly due to water stress, root disturbance, or a fungal infection, which leads to the gradual deterioration of the plant if unchecked.
Read More
Mushrooms
Mushroom disease is a fungal infection that predominantly affects Arrowhead plant, causing yellowing, wilt, and leaf drop. It hampers plant growth and can be fatal if untreated.
Read More
White blotch
White blotch is a disease impacting Arrowhead plant, characterized by white spots or patches affecting its aesthetic appeal. Resulting from environmental factors or infections, the disease can impede plant growth and vigor.
Read More
Soil fungus
Soil fungus disease affects Arrowhead plant by causing root rot, stunted growth, and yellowing leaves. This fungal ailment can drastically impact plant health and aesthetics if left untreated.
Read More
Toxic
Toxic to Pets
All parts of arrowhead plant have moderate toxicity when ingested, including the sap, leaves, stems, seeds, flowers, and roots. If poisoning occurs, symptoms may include painful inflammation and irritation of the mouth, tongue, and lips, excessive salivation and drooling, vomiting, and difficulty swallowing. Arrowhead plant is only toxic when ingested, and it does not cause irritation from physical contact. Children have the highest risk for accidental ingestion since this is a very popular, low-maintenance house plant.
Toxic Details
Feng shui direction
North
Arrowhead plant is often regarded as a harmonizing component in Feng Shui, adaptable to various environments and spaces. When placed in the North, it can enhance the water element, reinforcing career and life path energies, while maintaining a gentle and balanced flow of Chi.
Fengshui Details
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Plants Related to Arrowhead plant

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Shame plant
Shame plant
The Sensitive plant is aptly named for its distinctive response of curling up when touched, whereby its fernlike leaves fold inward. Although its purple fuzzy flowers make it a charming indoor plant, it is important to note that the plant contains alkaloids that can be harmful to both humans and animals.
Dwarf umbrella tree
Dwarf umbrella tree
Dwarf umbrella tree (*Schefflera arboricola*) is an evergreen, multi-stemmed shrub native to China. It is commonly grown as a houseplant or a garden plant in milder climates for its decorative palmate compound leaves. The leaves contain calcium oxalates, which can damage internal organs when ingested. It shouldn't be confused with the Australian umbrella tree, *Schefflera actinophylla*.
Golden pothos
Golden pothos
The golden pothos (Epipremnum aureum) is a popular houseplant that is commonly seen in Australia, Asia, and the West Indies. It goes by many nicknames, including "devil's ivy", because it is so hard to kill and can even grow in low light conditions. Golden pothos has poisonous sap, so it should be kept away from pets and children.
Garden balsam
Garden balsam
Garden balsam has been a favorite for European gardens since the Victorian era, although its flatter-flowered cousin has become increasingly more popular. The garden balsam attracts pollinators as well as nectar-feeding birds. The genus name, "Impatiens," which means, "impatient," references the plant's tendency to explosively throw its seeds away from itself.
Brazilian jasmine
Brazilian jasmine
Mandevilla sanderi, colloquially known as brazilian jasmine, is an ornamental perennial vine native to South America. Its velvety flowers are most often white, scarlet or pink in color. Brazilian jasmine contains white latex, which is toxic and can have an irritating effect when it comes in contact with skin or eyes.
European plum
European plum
Prunus domestica is a small deciduous tree and the most common orchard plum in Europe and other regions of the world. It is a hybrid species that had most likely evolved from the wild Cherry plum, Prunus cerasifera. The fruit is elongated, fleshy, and usually sweet. Dried fruits of european plum are called prunes.
Cape jasmine
Cape jasmine
Gardenia jasminoides is an evergreen shrub with unique, glossy evergreen leaves and stunning flowers. The sophisticated, matte white flowers are often used in bouquets. The exceptional beauty of this ornamental plant has made it a popular and highly appreciated plant amongst gardeners and horticulturalists.
Swiss cheese plant
Swiss cheese plant
The swiss cheese plant (Monstera deliciosa) produces bright, glossy leaves and makes a popular houseplant. It is originally native to tropical forest regions in Central America. The nickname swiss cheese plant refers to the small holes that develop in the plant's leaves. The long fruits resemble corncobs and smell sweet and fragrant when ripe.
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Syngonium podophyllum
Also known as: American evergreen, Goosefoot
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Sunlight
Full shade
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Questions About Arrowhead plant

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Watering Watering Watering
Pruning Pruning Pruning
Sunlight Sunlight Sunlight
Temperature Temperature Temperature
Fertilizing Fertilizing Fertilizing
What is the best way to water my Arrowhead plant?
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What should I do if I water my Arrowhead plant too much or too little?
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How often should I water my Arrowhead plant?
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How much water does my Arrowhead plant need?
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How can I tell if i'm watering my Arrowhead plant enough?
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How should I water my Arrowhead plant through the seasons?
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How should I water my Arrowhead plant at different growth stages?
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What's the difference between watering Arrowhead plant indoors and outdoors?
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Key Facts About Arrowhead plant

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Attributes of Arrowhead plant

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Vine, Herb
Planting Time
All year round
Bloom Time
Spring, Summer, Fall
Harvest Time
Mid summer, Late summer
Plant Height
91 cm to 1.8 m
Spread
30 cm to 60 cm
Leaf Color
Green
White
Silver
Flower Size
3.5 mm to 4 mm
Flower Color
Green
White
Cream
Fruit Color
Brown
Black
Copper
Stem Color
Green
Gray
Silver
White
Dormancy
Non-dormant
Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
20 - 41 ℃
Growth Season
Summer
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Name story

Arrowhead plant

Symbolism

Usages

Environmental Protection Value
Garden Use

Trivia and Interesting Facts

Scientific Classification of Arrowhead plant

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Quickly Identify Arrowhead plant

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1
Climbing growth reaching 6 feet (1.8 meters)
2
Long-petioled leaves with various colors
3
Ornamental arrowhead-shaped leaves
4
Smooth, green succulent stem with adventitious roots
5
Egg-shaped cluster of small, red berries
Arrowhead plant identify image Arrowhead plant identify image Arrowhead plant identify image Arrowhead plant identify image Arrowhead plant identify image
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Common Pests & Diseases About Arrowhead plant

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Common issues for Arrowhead plant based on 10 million real cases
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Wilting
Wilting Wilting Wilting
Wilting is a disease that causes the leaves of the Arrowhead plant to droop or wilt. It generally arises from improper watering practices, root rot, or pathogen attack, and can ultimately lead to the death of the plant if not treated properly.
Learn More About the Wilting more
Brown spot
Brown spot Brown spot Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Solutions: In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary. Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Learn More About the Brown spot more
Leaf rot
Leaf rot Leaf rot Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Solutions: Bacterial infections need to be treated quickly to prevent the spread to neighboring, healthy plants, potentially wiping out large sections of your indoor or outdoor garden. In mild cases: Use sterilized (10% bleach solution) pruning shears or scissors to remove any infected plant parts, making sure to dispose of them off site. Use a copper-based bactericide to treat the unaffected foliage, as well as the soil, and neighboring plants. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label. In severe cases, where more than half the leaves are affected: Remove all of the infected plants from the garden, disposing of them off site. Treat the soil and neighboring plants using a copper-based bactericide. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
Learn More About the Leaf rot more
Aged yellow and dry
Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Solutions: If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Learn More About the Aged yellow and dry more
Underwatering yellow
Underwatering yellow Underwatering yellow Underwatering yellow
A lack of water will cause the leaves to gradually turn yellow starting at the base of the branch while the entire plant appears to wilt.
Solutions: Your plant is very thirsty and needs water promptly. You can revive your plant by giving it water. The easiest technique is to slowly pour water into your plant’s soil so that the whole surface is moistened. If you pour the water too quickly, the water will flow directly through rather than diffusing throughout the soil. If your plant’s pot does not have drainage holes, do not give your plant more than about a third of the pot’s volume of water. If your plant’s pot does have drainage holes, you can add water slowly until the soil is thoroughly moistened and the water flows freely through the pot. If you trim off yellow leaves to improve the plant’s appearance, do not remove more than a third of the plant’s leaves. It may be better to wait until leaves have died and fallen off to remove them.
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Wilting
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Wilting Disease on Arrowhead plant?
What is Wilting Disease on Arrowhead plant?
Wilting is a disease that causes the leaves of the Arrowhead plant to droop or wilt. It generally arises from improper watering practices, root rot, or pathogen attack, and can ultimately lead to the death of the plant if not treated properly.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Wilting in Arrowhead plant is manifested through the drooping or curling of leaves, leading to their eventual yellowing or browning. Advanced stages display rotten roots and stunted growth.
What Causes Wilting Disease on Arrowhead plant?
What Causes Wilting Disease on Arrowhead plant?
1
Improper watering
Overwatering or underwatering can lead to wilting of the plant, as it promotes root rot or water stress.
2
Root rot
The presence of fungal phytopathogens may lead to root rot, causing wilting in Arrowhead plant.
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Arrowhead plant?
How to Treat Wilting Disease on Arrowhead plant?
1
Non pesticide
Proper watering: Adjust watering habits to ensure the plant is neither overwatered nor underwatered, as both can contribute to wilting.

Improve soil drainage: Enhance soil drainage to prevent waterlogged conditions conducive to root rot.
2
Pesticide
Apply fungicide: Administer a fungicide solution to target fungal pathogens causing root rot.
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Brown spot
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Brown spot
This infection can cause brown spots or patches to appear on the plant.
Overview
Overview
Discolored spots on the foliage of plants are one of the most common disease problems people observe. These spots are caused by fungal and bacterial diseases, with most infections related to a fungal pathogen.
Brown spot can occurs on all houseplants, flowering ornamentals, vegetable plants, and leaves of trees, bushes, and shrubs. No plants are resistant to it, and the problem is worse in warm, wet environments. It can occur at any point in the life stage as long as leaves are present.
Small brownish spots appear on the foliage and enlarge as the disease progresses. In severe cases, the plant or tree is weakened when the lesions interrupt photosynthesis or cause defoliation.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
In most cases, brown spot only affects a small percentage of the whole plant, appearing on a small amount of the leaves. A small infection only puts minor stress on the plant. However, if left untreated and the disease progresses over numerous seasons, it will severely impact the health and productivity of the infected specimen.
  • Sporulation begins (reproduction of the fungal spores), and tiny spots appear on leaves.
  • Placement is often random and scattered as diseases are spread through raindrops.
  • May appear on lower leaves and the interior of the plant where humidity is higher.
  • Brown spots enlarge and grow large enough to touch neighboring spots to form a more prominent blotch.
  • Leaf margins may turn yellow.
  • Tiny black dots (fruiting bodies of the fungi) appear in the dead spots.
  • Blotches grow in size until the entire leaf is brown.
  • The leaf falls off the plant.
Severe Symptoms
  • Partial or complete premature defoliation
  • Reduced growth
  • Increased susceptibility to pests and other diseases
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Brown spot, or leaf spot, is a common descriptive term given to several diseases affecting the leaves of plants and trees. Around 85% of diseases exhibiting leaf spots are due to fungus or fungus-like organisms. Sometimes brown spot is caused by a bacterial infection, or insect activity with similar symptoms.
When conditions are warm and the leaf surfaces are wet, fungal spores being transported by wind or rain land on the surface and cling to it. They do not rupture the cell walls but grow in the space between the plant plasma membrane and the plant cell wall. As the spores reproduce, they release toxins and enzymes that cause necrotic spots (i.e., dead tissue) on the leaves, allowing the fungi to consume the products released when the cells degrade.
Solutions
Solutions
In minor cases of brown spot, there isn’t any need to treat the disease. However, if much of the foliage is affected and defoliation occurs, the plant will benefit from getting rid of the infection. It is recommended to start by applying organic treatment options, working up to the more potent synthetic, chemical fungicides if necessary.
Organic options won’t kill the fungus, but will prevent it from spreading.
  1. Dissolve ½ teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of liquid soap in a gallon of water. Using a spray bottle, spray on tops and bottoms of leaves until the mixture drips off. Repeat every two weeks until existing spots stop enlarging and new spots no longer appear.
  2. Spray a copper-based fungicidal soap on the leaves, coating the top and bottom leaf surfaces. Reapply as directed on the product label. Copper penetrates the leaf surface and prevents germination of spores so the fungus cannot spread.
  3. Apply an all-purpose fungicide to the entire plant, following the label instructions carefully.
Prevention
Prevention
Like many other diseases, it is easier to prevent brown spot than cure it, and this is done through cultural practices.
  • Clear fall leaves from the ground before winter to minimize places where fungi and bacteria can overwinter.
  • Maintain good air movement between plants through proper plant spacing.
  • Increase air circulation through the center of plants through pruning.
  • Thoroughly clean all pruning tools after working with diseased plants.
  • Never dispose of disease plant material in a compost pile.
  • Avoid overhead watering to keep moisture off of the foliage.
  • Keep plants healthy by providing adequate sunlight, water, and fertilizer.
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Leaf rot
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Leaf rot
This pathogen can cause the leaves to rot.
Overview
Overview
Leaf rot is very common among both house plants and garden plants. It affects foliage and occurs mainly when the leaves become wet due to rain or misting by the gardener. The cause is fungal disease and this is facilitated by the fungal spores adhering to wet leaves then penetrating the leaf and expanding rapidly. Damp conditions and poor air circulation will increase chances of infection taking place. Another factor are leaves that are damaged or have been penetrated by sap sucking insects that facilitate plant penetration.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  1. Spores are able to cling to a damp leaf and penetrate, often through an existing wound.
  2. A small dark brown mark appears which expands rapidly as sporulation starts to take place.
  3. Quite quickly these bull's eye like circles can link together and the whole leaf turns dark and loses texture.
  4. Leaf drop occurs.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
These symptoms are caused by a bacterial infection invading the plant. Bacteria from many sources in the environment (air, water, soil, diseased plants) enter a plant through wounds, or in some cases the stomata when they are open. Once inside the leaf tissue, the bacteria feed and reproduce quickly, breaking down healthy leaves.
Bacterial infections threaten most plant species, and are more prominent in wet weather that more easily transfers the bacteria from plant to plant, or from soil to plant.
Solutions
Solutions
Bacterial infections need to be treated quickly to prevent the spread to neighboring, healthy plants, potentially wiping out large sections of your indoor or outdoor garden.
In mild cases: Use sterilized (10% bleach solution) pruning shears or scissors to remove any infected plant parts, making sure to dispose of them off site. Use a copper-based bactericide to treat the unaffected foliage, as well as the soil, and neighboring plants. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
In severe cases, where more than half the leaves are affected: Remove all of the infected plants from the garden, disposing of them off site. Treat the soil and neighboring plants using a copper-based bactericide. Follow the manufacturer’s rate and timing directions found on the product label.
Prevention
Prevention
  1. Clean up garden debris at the end of the season, especially if it contains any diseased plant tissue. Diseases can overwinter from season to season and infect new plants.
  2. Avoid overhead watering to prevent transferring pathogens from one plant to another, and to keep foliage dry.
  3. Mulch around the base of plants to prevent soil-borne bacteria from splashing up onto uninfected plants.
  4. Sterilize cutting tools using a 10% bleach solution when gardening and moving from one plant to another.
  5. Do not work in your garden when it is wet.
  6. Rotate crops to prevent the buildup of bacteria in one site due to continuous cropping.
  7. Use a copper or streptomycin-containing bactericide in early spring to prevent infection. Read label directions carefully as they are not suitable for all plants.
  8. Ensure plants are well spaced and thin leaves on densely leaved plants so that air circulation is maximised.
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Aged yellow and dry
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Aged yellow and dry
Natural aging can cause leaves to turn yellow and dry out.
Overview
Overview
Regardless of the type of plant or where it is grown, at some point, it will begin to aged yellow and dry. This is a natural, unavoidable process that happens when the plant has completed all of the steps in its life.
Annual plants go through this process at the end of a single growing season. Perennial plants live for multiple years, if not tens or hundreds of years, but will still ultimately exhibit these symptoms.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
When plants have progressed through their natural developmental stages and are nearing the end of their lifecycle, they begin showing signs of decline. Leaves will start to yellow and droop, and over time they turn papery brown and dry.
Once completely dry, the leaves begin to fall from the plant until the entire plant has dried out.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
At the end of its life, genetic coding within the plant increases the production of ethylene, a phytohormone that controls senescence or natural aging and death. Cell division stops, and the plant begins catabolizing resources to use in other parts of the plant.
As this happens, the tissues begin yellow and drying until the entire plant is desiccated and perishes.
Solutions
Solutions
If the yellowing and drying of leaves and flowers is a natural progression due to age, nothing can be done to slow or stop the process. Once hormones within the plant begin the process of senescence, it’s irreversible.
Prevention
Prevention
Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent plants from dying of “old age.” To help prolong their life, and put off symptoms of aged yellow and dry for as long as possible, take care of them by giving them enough water, fertilizing them appropriately, and making sure they get enough sunlight.
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Underwatering yellow
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Underwatering yellow
A lack of water will cause the leaves to gradually turn yellow starting at the base of the branch while the entire plant appears to wilt.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Your plant’s leaves are turning yellow due to underwatering, the oldest leaves turn yellow first. Leaves yellow from the edges towards the middle. Other signs of underwatering include the soil feeling very dry or pulling away from the edge of its pot.
Solutions
Solutions
Your plant is very thirsty and needs water promptly.
  1. You can revive your plant by giving it water. The easiest technique is to slowly pour water into your plant’s soil so that the whole surface is moistened. If you pour the water too quickly, the water will flow directly through rather than diffusing throughout the soil. If your plant’s pot does not have drainage holes, do not give your plant more than about a third of the pot’s volume of water. If your plant’s pot does have drainage holes, you can add water slowly until the soil is thoroughly moistened and the water flows freely through the pot.
  2. If you trim off yellow leaves to improve the plant’s appearance, do not remove more than a third of the plant’s leaves. It may be better to wait until leaves have died and fallen off to remove them.
Prevention
Prevention
  1. When you get a new plant, research its specific watering needs. Set reminders so that you remember to water your plants consistently. Not all plants are the same, so make sure to differentiate all of your plants in your watering schedule.
  2. You may wish to purchase a commercial soil water meter which has a long probe that you place near your plant’s roots. Be sure to check it frequently and water your plant when the soil water meter indicates that it needs watering.
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toxic

Arrowhead plant and Their Toxicity

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* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
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Toxic to Dogs
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Toxic to Cats
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Your pets like cats and dogs can be poisoned by them as well!
1
Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
It’s better to kill those growing around your house. Wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages, and do not let your pets reach it;Do not let your lovely pets eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
7
If you take your pets to hike with you in the wild, please don’t let them eat any plants that you don’t know;
8
Once your pets eat, touch or inhale anything from toxic plants and act abnormally, please call the doctors for help ASAP!
pets
Pets
Some pets are less likely than children to eat and touch just about everything. This is good, as a pet owner. However, you know your pet best, and it is up to you to keep them safe. There are plenty of poisonous weeds that can grow within the confines of your lawn, which might make your dogs or cats ill or worse if they eat them. Try to have an idea of what toxic plants grow in your area and keep them under control and your pets away from them.
pets
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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Who Is Most at Risk of Plant Poisoning?
Everyone should keep the following in mind to prevent being poisoned:
1
Do not eat any parts, nor contact with the sap of toxic or unknown plants;
2
If you need to kill it, wear long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves with sharp tools to dig it out completely;
3
Clean the tools with rubbing alcohol or soap and water but do not do that with bare hands;
4
Clean your hands and skin once exposed to plants with soap and water;
5
Consider using barrier creams that contain bentoquatam to prevent poison oak, ivy and sumac rashes;
6
Dump it in special trash cans in sealed garbage packages;
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Wear properly when you hiking or working in the wilderness. Long pants, long sleeves, gloves, hiking shoes, etc., that protect you from being hurt by any plants;
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Once you or your family aren’t feeling well after eating, touching or inhaling anything from toxic plants, please call your doctor for help ASAP!
Outdoor Workers
Outdoor Workers and Recreationalists
Those who enjoy the outdoors either as a hobby or as part of their work will rarely see a plant and decide to munch on it (although the scenario is not unheard of). However, they do tend to deal with moving through and brushing aside plants. These people are more at risk of being poisoned by touching toxic plants than by ingesting them.
Outdoor Workers
Foragers
Foragers
Foraging for food and medicinal plants is a desirable skill among people who want to feel at one with the land. This hobby can be very useful and enjoyable, but if done wrong , it can lead to disastrous effects. People who forage are picking and grabbing plants with the full intention of using those plants, most of the time to ingest them.
Foragers
Children
Children
While outdoor workers are more likely to touch poison and foragers are more likely to ingest poison, children can easily do both. These bundles of joy just love to run around and explore the world. They enjoy touching things and occasionally shoving random stuff in their mouth; this is a terrible combination with toxic plants in the mix.
If you let your children run about, it is important to know what are the local toxic plants that they could accidentally get into. Try to educate the children and steer them away from where the toxic plants are located.
Children
Common Toxic Houseplants
Common Toxic Houseplants
When it comes to decorating a house, there is nothing more refreshing than adding some beautiful houseplants. Some common house plants can also be toxic.

Aloe

aloe
Aloe is famous for its sunburn-soothing properties and its gorgeous desert design. However, many people do not realize that the latex the aloe vera plant produces can be mildly toxic to pets and children.

The latex contains a chemical compound known as saponin. Which when ingested, can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood sugar. This, if left unchecked, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The proper response is to contact poison control or a veterinarian to know what to do in your particular circumstance if either your child or pet consumes aloe.

The latex of the plant is similar to the sap of the tree. It is inside the leaf, but sticks mainly toward the edges. If aloe gel is prepared properly it should be safe for use, but be sure to apply it only topically when treating burns.

Philodendron

Philodendron
Philodendron, also known as sweetheart vine, has become a resident at many houses and even businesses. They are glossy green and the leaves elegantly split, displaying interesting designs. Behind this beauty there is a needle-like toxin called calcium oxalate crystals.

These crystals are held within the plant and only affect you, your pets, or your loved ones if the plant tissue is broken. If ingested, the crystals can cause severe swelling, difficulty breathing, stomach pain, burning and pain. If they are accidentally caught on the skin, they can cause skin irritation.

If anyone accidentally ingests philodendron and they find it difficult to breathe or their tongue starts to swell up, it is important to seek medical attention immediately to avoid suffocation. If you have very young children or pets who have a tendency to tear at plants, keep them away from any philodendrons.

Peace Lily

Peace Lily
Peace lilies produce stunningly white flowers that bring to mind peace and serenity. This is one reason they are invited into our homes and given a place to stay. However, similar to philodendrons, the peace lily contains oxalate crystals known as raphides.

The raphides, once ingested, will cause swelling and burning sensations and can also cause skin irritation. Both pets and humans can get these symptoms so it is important to keep these plants from anyone who is likely to tear or chew it. Symptoms can become dire if the raphides cause the tongue and throat to swell to a point where the person or pet is having difficulty breathing. Seek proper medical attention if this is the case.

Snake Plant

Snake Plant
The snake plant is an interesting and popular house plant. Its stark architecture and wavy coloring has made it a fan favorite. This plant too, however, is toxic when ingested or if the sap touches your skin.

Snake plant sap will cause rashes if it comes into contact with your skin. In addition, it will cause diarrhea and vomiting when ingested. Again these symptoms are very serious and would be best avoided by keeping snake plants out of reach or by choosing a different houseplant.
Common Toxic Garden Plants
Common Toxic Garden Plants

Daffodil

Daffodil
Daffodils are a strikingly colorful flower. This can sometimes bring them much attention not from just onlooking adults but children as well. Since kids are more drawn to colorful objects, they may have a higher chance of just grabbing the flower and eating it. Adults have also been known to accidentally grab daffodil bulbs instead of onions.

Why are these mistakes so dangerous? Daffodils contain lycorine, which can induce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. It also contains oxalates which can cause swelling and pain. The symptoms can be worse in animals, because if your pets eat daffodils they may experience drowsiness, low blood pressure or even liver damage.

Make sure to call poison control when these symptoms set in. The vomiting and diarrhea have been known to go away after 3 hours, but it is better to be safe than sorry. Ingesting liquids to keep hydration up can be important. If the patient is having difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are unique, with their soft blue and pink flowers. They are a great addition to any garden, but should not be snacked on—not that you would want to. Hydrangeas can be especially nasty because they contain compounds known as glycosides. These will release hydrogen cyanide into the bloodstream when consumed. This will block your body’s ability to uptake oxygen to the cells in your body.

The way to combat this kind of poisoning is through getting IVs from the vet or doctor. It is important to contact your medical professional immediately since the symptoms can be fatal within minutes or hours.

Rhododendrons

Rhododendrons
Rhododendron, the state flower of Washington, is also toxic. The multitudinous, pink flowers can be quite dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic, the leaves and seeds more so than the flowers. However, even the nectar of the flower is toxic and in the Mediterranean, where rhododendrons grow in more dense quantities, the honey from bees who gather rhododendron nectar can be poisonous.

Normally kids and pets do not eat enough to experience the full poisoning effect. However, just eating two leaves is enough to be considered dangerous. The grayanotoxin glycosides within the rhododendron can cause vomiting, diarrhea and irregular heartbeats. Things can get very serious when too much rhododendron is consumed and can lead to necessary medical intervention.

Start by calling poison control first if you suspect anyone has been munching on rhododendrons. The experts there will be able to help guide you through the necessary processes to cure your loved one.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb
Yummy rhubarb has a nasty side to it. While the stems are used in many recipes, including for rhubarb strawberry pie, the leaves are toxic. They contain oxalic acid which is known to blister the mouth, cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and kidney stones. The leaves are known to be more toxic to pets than humans, but in either case, it is important to contact poison control immediately to figure out necessary steps to cure the patient.
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard
Common Toxic Weeds in the Yard

Bittersweet Nightshade

Bittersweet Nightshade
Nightshade is an invasive, noxious weed that is extremely poisonous. It has been found along the East and West Coast of the U.S. It makes its home in areas with disturbed soil. This could be near your garden or areas that have recently had bushes/trees put in.

These plants are dark green with purple flowers that develop into bright red berries. The whole plant is toxic and should be avoided by pets and children alike. If ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The colorful berries are especially enticing to young children. If you see any plants that look similar to tomato or pepper plants that you did not plant in your yard, it is best to just pull them immediately.

Call poison control immediately if you think someone has fallen victim to nightshade.

Buttercups

Buttercups
Buttercups are found throughout the United States, especially in wet areas. The shiny, yellow flowers will pop up in the springtime, accompanying their dandelion friends. However, unlike dandelions, buttercups are not edible.

Buttercups will release a compound called protoanemonin. This toxin is known to cause vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stool, hypersalivation, depression, blisters, and more. These symptoms will affect both humans and animals. The sap may also cause irritation when it comes into contact with skin. These yellow flowers are dangerous and children should be observed cautiously when around them.

Foxgloves

Foxgloves
Foxgloves are beautiful plants that build towers out of vivid purple bell-shaped blossoms. They are very pretty to look at, but they contain a compound known as digoxin. This chemical is used in certain medicines to help people with certain heart conditions. However, the medicine is made by specialists, whereas someone eating foxgloves will receive unregulated amounts of the chemical.

This toxin can make you vomit and lower your heartbeat. This often causes dizziness and faintness. It is extremely important to call poison control immediately to know what to do in the case of foxglove poisoning. Some people have confused the young leaves of foxglove with borage, making adult foragers at risk as well as kids and pets.
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
How to Tend to or Get Rid of Toxic Plants
Now that you know where to start with toxic plant identification, let us discuss how to either tend to the poisonous plants you decide to keep or get rid of them that plague your yard.

How to Tend to Poisonous Plants

Many plants that are toxic when ingested are also skin irritants. The philodendron is a good example of this. When the sap comes into contact with skin, it can cause a rash to form. To help protect yourself when tending to toxic plants, it is important to wear some sort of gloves.
Tend
Latex gloves may be the best solution due to their disposability. Regular gloves could potentially keep the poisonous sap on their surface. If the gloves aren’t cleaned then you could accidentally touch the irritant or pass it to someone else.

In addition you will want to plan where to keep your deadly beauties. If you have a toxic indoor plant try to keep it up high or out of reach of children and pets. This will keep accidents few and far between. Another idea is keeping your plants in areas that are usually inaccessible to children or pets. Areas such as an office, study room, or guest bedroom could be good locations. If applicable, you could also set up a terrarium for your little plant baby, making it more difficult for curious hands or paws to access.
tend2
If you plan to have outdoor plants, location will be key. You will want to put plants in an area that will be inaccessible to children, pets and even wild animals. You will probably want to avoid planting the plants in the front of your house if kids walk by on a regular basis, just to be cautious. Having the plants behind a fence will be best, but use your discretion when choosing a spot.

How to Get Rid of Poisonous Plants

plants
The easiest but possibly most controversial way to get rid of poisonous plants is by using herbicides. This can be especially easy if you own a grass lawn and use an herbicide that targets broadleaf (non-grass) species. You can find many herbicides meant for yard use by simply searching the term online. Once you have purchased the herbicide you will want to make sure to follow the label posted on the container. If you follow the instructions precisely, then everything should run smoothly for you.

If you don’t plan on using herbicides, there are a few organic methods you can use to try to get rid of toxic plants. You can manually pull the plants out of the ground. This is probably one of the most difficult methods because there is no assurance that you will get the whole plant out this way.

You can also try pouring boiling hot water or spraying white vinegar on the target plants. This may take more time than using a synthetic herbicide, but you can feel a little better about using these products.

You can also try to use wood chips to cover a certain area where you do not want anything to grow. This will not stop all the weeds, but the few that make it through can be easily picked by hand.
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weed

Weed Control About Arrowhead plant

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Toxic weed
Arrowhead plant is a mildly toxic vine, considered a weed and an invasive species in tropical and subtropical areas.
How to Control it
The most effective way to control arrowhead plant is by alternate uses of manual removal and herbicide applications. This plant is very difficult to eradicate, as it can regrow and reestablish the colony from the remaining underground plant parts. Follow the arrowhead plant vine to the section from where it emerges from the soil. Grab the plant as close to the soil as possible and pull it out. Place the debris in garbage bags and dispose of it properly to prevent its spread into new areas. Wear gloves and protective clothing when you handle this plant, as its sap can irritate the skin. Herbicides can also be used to control the spread of arrowhead plant. However, considering this plant is a vine, herbicides should be applied with utmost care to avoid negative effects on other plants. Always read the manufacturer label before applying and follow the instructions carefully. Spray on a windless day to avoid drift.
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Distribution of Arrowhead plant

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Habitat of Arrowhead plant

Dense primary forest, secondary growth
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Arrowhead plant

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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More Info on Arrowhead Plant Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Wilting
Wilting
Wilting is a disease that causes the leaves of the Arrowhead plant to droop or wilt. It generally arises from improper watering practices, root rot, or pathogen attack, and can ultimately lead to the death of the plant if not treated properly.
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Brown blotch
Brown blotch
Brown spot is a common disease affecting Arrowhead plant. It's caused by fungal, bacterial, or environmental conditions, leading to formation of brown spots on the leaves, often surrounded by a yellow halo. If untreated, it can severely stunt the plant's growth and vitality.
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Leaf rot
Leaf rot
Leaf rot is a severe fungal disease impacting Arrowhead plant. It causes discoloration, wilting, and eventual death of the plant if left untreated. The affected plants may also become highly susceptible to additional disease and pest issues.
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Mealybugs
Mealybugs
Mealybugs are severe pests causing substantial harm to Arrowhead plant. These pests consume its sap, resulting in wilting, yellowing, and stunted growth of the plant. If untreated, heavy infestation can lead to the plant's death.
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Leaf mites
Leaf mites
Leaf mites are tiny, sap-sucking arachnids that infest Arrowhead plant, resulting in damage and reduced growth. These pests cause tiny, yellow spots on leaves, webbing, and overall dullness in the plant's color.
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Mealybug
Mealybug disease significantly hinders the health of Arrowhead plant, causing sticky, cotton-like growths on leaves and stems. This pest infestation leads to yellowing leaves, stunted growth, and potential plant death if untreated.
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Dark blotch
Dark Blotch is a fungal disease that primarily affects Arrowhead plant, causing distinctive black markings on the leaves that impair photosynthesis. If uncontrolled, it severely weakens the plant, making it susceptible to other diseases, possibly leading to death. The disease is prevalent in humid, unventilated environments.
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Spots
Spots is a common disease in Arrowhead plant, caused mainly by fungal pathogens and environmental stress. Affected plants display noticeable spots on the foliage, which if left untreated, can stunt growth and induce wilting, seriously compromising the plant’s health and aesthetic value.
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Yellow edges
Yellow edges is a detrimental disease affecting Arrowhead plant plants, causing yellowing and curling of the foliage edges. It detrimentally affects the plant's health, leading to stunted growth, root damage, and severe cases may result in plant death.
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Leaf wilting
Leaf wilting is a common symptom indicating disease, nutrient, light, or water issues affecting Arrowhead plant. It severely hampers the plant's health, affecting its aesthetic appeal and causing potential decay if left unchecked.
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Scale insect
Scale insect infestation in Arrowhead plant commonly results in stunted growth and leaf damage, primarily impacting aesthetic appeal and plant health. Early detection is vital for effective management and control.
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Notch
Notch is a disease that primarily affects Arrowhead plant, causing damage to the leaves and stems. This condition results in stunted growth, weak plant structure, and often eventual plant death if left untreated.
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Wounds
Wounds on Arrowhead plant typically result from physical damage rather than disease, impacting the plant's aesthetic appeal and physiological health, potentially leading to secondary infections.
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Leaf yellowing
Leaf yellowing, or chlorosis, is a common issue affecting Arrowhead plant, characterized by the yellowing of plant foliage. This condition impedes the overall vitality and aesthetic appeal of the plant, with underlying causes varying from nutrient deficiencies to overwatering.
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Black mold
Black mold is a fungal disease that targets Arrowhead plant, causing discolored foliage, retarded growth, and in severe cases, plant death. This disease thrives in environments with poor air circulation and high humidity.
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Scars
Scars on Arrowhead plant appear as unsightly marks affecting the aesthetic value and potentially its overall health. The scars can inhibit photosynthesis by blocking light absorption and weaken the plant, making it more susceptible to other issues.
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Leaf blotch
Leaf blotch is a fungal or bacterial disease affecting Arrowhead plant, resulting in discolored, blotchy leaves, reduced vigor, and potential defoliation. It's crucial for aesthetic and health reasons to identify and manage this disease effectively.
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Aerial root
Aerial root disease affects Arrowhead plant by stunting growth, leading to weaker foliage and potential plant decline. It often results from high humidity and poor air circulation.
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Whole leaf withering
Whole leaf withering is a disease affecting Arrowhead plant, primarily causing leaves to wilt and yellow, affecting overall plant health and aesthetics. The condition, if severe, leads to plant death.
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Leaf tip withering
Leaf tip withering in Arrowhead plant is a disorder where the leaf tips wilt and dry up. This is mainly due to water stress, root disturbance, or a fungal infection, which leads to the gradual deterioration of the plant if unchecked.
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Mushrooms
Mushroom disease is a fungal infection that predominantly affects Arrowhead plant, causing yellowing, wilt, and leaf drop. It hampers plant growth and can be fatal if untreated.
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White blotch
White blotch is a disease impacting Arrowhead plant, characterized by white spots or patches affecting its aesthetic appeal. Resulting from environmental factors or infections, the disease can impede plant growth and vigor.
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Soil fungus
Soil fungus disease affects Arrowhead plant by causing root rot, stunted growth, and yellowing leaves. This fungal ailment can drastically impact plant health and aesthetics if left untreated.
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Arrowhead Plant Watering Instructions
Arrowhead plant is native to regions in Central and South America, including Mexico, Brazil, and Ecuador. This plant typically grows in tropical rainforests and thrives in warm, humid environments. Its native habitat indicates that arrowhead plant prefers consistently moist soil, as it is accustomed to high levels of rainfall and humidity. It is important to water arrowhead plant regularly, ensuring that the soil remains evenly moist but not waterlogged. This will help mimic its natural environment and promote healthy growth.
When Should I Water My Arrowhead Plant?
Introduction
Proper and timely watering plays a crucial role in maintaining the overall health and development of the arrowhead plant. It contributes to its optimal growth, vibrant foliage, and resistance against diseases. Therefore, understanding the appropriate signals indicating when the plant should be watered is essential.
Soil Moisture Level
Checking the moisture level of the soil is key to determining when to water arrowhead plant. Insert a finger 1 to 2 inches into the soil near the base of the plant. If it feels dry at that depth, it is an indication that the plant needs water. If the soil feels moist or wet, it is best to wait before watering.
Wilting Leaves
Wilting leaves on arrowhead plant are a clear sign that the plant is in need of water. If the leaves start to droop, become soft, or lose their turgidity, it is an indication that the plant is under-watered and requires immediate watering.
Leaf Color
Changes in leaf color can indicate the water needs of arrowhead plant. If the leaves start turning yellow or brown and become dull or lackluster, it suggests insufficient water. On the other hand, if the leaves appear vibrant and healthy green, it indicates that the plant is adequately hydrated.
Topsoil Dryness
When the topsoil of arrowhead plant feels dry to the touch, it is an indication that the plant needs water. Gently press your finger against the soil at the top of the pot or use a moisture meter to check for dryness.
Suppressed Growth
If arrowhead plant shows stunted growth or exhibits slower development than usual, it can be a sign of inadequate watering. Insufficient water supply hampers nutrient uptake, affecting the overall growth and development of the plant.
Pre-Flowering Stage
Arrowhead plant requires careful watering during its pre-flowering or bud formation stage. Adequate water supply is crucial for proper bud development and preventing bud drop. Pay close attention to watering during this particular phase.
High Temperature and Low Humidity
During periods of high temperature and low humidity, arrowhead plant may require more frequent watering. These conditions cause the moisture in the soil to evaporate quickly, leading to the plant's increased water requirements.
Early Watering Risks
Watering arrowhead plant too early, when the soil is still moist, could risk root rot, fungus infestation, and other root diseases due to over-watering.
Late Watering Risks
Watering arrowhead plant too late, when it has been excessively dry for an extended period, could risk temporary wilting and might stunt the plant's growth. In extreme conditions, it can lead to plant death due to dehydration.
Conclusion
Understanding these signs is critical to effectively manage the watering schedule for arrowhead plant. Proper water management not only encourages its growth and foliage health but also prolongs its life span and maintains plant health.
How Should I Water My Arrowhead Plant?
Watering Requirements
Arrowhead plant, has specific watering needs and sensitivities that should be considered for optimal hydration.
Watering Technique
Bottom-watering is an effective method to ensure the roots of arrowhead plant get adequate moisture without over-saturating the surface. This technique involves placing the plant pot in a tray or saucer filled with water and allowing the roots to absorb water from the bottom up. It prevents excess moisture on the foliage and minimizes the risk of fungal diseases.
Watering Can Type
When using a watering can, it is recommended to choose one with a narrow spout to direct the water flow directly to the base of the plant. This helps to avoid wetting the foliage excessively and promotes targeted hydration at the root level.
How Much Water Does Arrowhead Plant Really Need?
Natural Habitat Watering Inspiration
In its natural habitat, the 'Syngonium podophyllum' or 'arrowhead plant', grows in a range of moist to wet environments, setting the precedent for its moisture requirements in domestic settings. This informs the regular watering it requires and its preference for high humility conditions like those found in tropical rainforests.
Optimal Water Quantity
The exact water quantity varies based on a few factors. Considering its pot size, a smaller pot may call for about a cup of water, while a larger pot could require a liter or more. Given the root depth of the 'arrowhead plant', which is generally shallow, providing a thorough watering until water runs out the drainage holes ensures adequate absorption. Over-time, as the plant grows, the water requirement may increase. It's important to evaluate water needs on a case-by-case basis considering the plant's size and growth rate.
Indicator of Right Amount of Water
When the 'arrowhead plant' has the right amount of water, it will display lush green leaves, and the soil will be damp but not soaked. Signs of overwatering include yellowing leaves, while underwatering signs are drooping, wrinkling, or curling leaves.
Implications of Incorrect Watering
Too much water could lead to root rot, a dangerous fungus that can kill the 'arrowhead plant'. Constantly drenched soil can smother the roots, affecting the plant's ability to breathe. In contrast, too little water could lead to leaf dehydration, in which the leaves receive inadequate hydration, causing them to become dry and brittle.
Note on Water Quality
Using lukewarm water can mimic the plant's natural tropical habitat, and using filtered, rain, or distilled water is beneficial for 'arrowhead plant' as it reduces the risk of unwanted chemicals.
How Often Should I Water Arrowhead Plant?
Every week
Watering Frequency
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Just like people, each plant has its own preferences and needs. Devote time to understanding your plants so you can nurture them properly. Observe your plants attentively, learning from their growth patterns, and becoming more in tune with their needs as you grow together. Keep a watchful eye on new plants and seedlings, as they are sensitive to both overwatering and underwatering. Shower them with gentle love and attention, fostering their growth and strength. Let the rhythm of your local climate guide your watering habits, adapting your schedule to the changing weather and the needs of your plants.
What Kind of Water is Best for Arrowhead Plant?
Ideal Water Type for arrowhead plant
Arrowhead plant prefers soft, slightly acidic water. Rainwater or filtered water is best for maintaining the health of this plant. Distilled water can also be used, but remember to add a pinch of fertiliser to replace the essential minerals that are absent in distilled water. Tap water may not always be the best choice as it often contains chlorine and can be hard, which arrowhead plant is sensitive to.
Chlorine Sensitivity
Arrowhead plant is quite sensitive to chlorine commonly found in tap water. This can cause the leaves to yellow and curl. If tap water is the only available option, let the water sit out for about 24 hours so that the chlorine can evaporate before use.
Other Water Contaminants
Arrowhead plant is also sensitive to fluoride and high levels of minerals found in hard tap water. These can lead to tip burn or brown leaf margins. Using filtered, rainwater or distilled water can avoid these issues.
Water Treatments
If tap water must be used, allow it to sit out for a day to lower chlorine levels. However, this process may not be enough to reduce fluoride levels. A water filtration system can also be used to remove these potential harmful contaminants.
Water Temperature Preference
Arrowhead plant prefers water at room temperature. Cold water can shock the plant, causing it to wilt or discolour, and hot water can damage the roots and other plant tissues.
Overall
The more sensitive arrowhead plant requires a careful choice of water. Soft, slightly acidic water, such as rainwater or filtered water, is ideal. Avoidance of chlorine, fluoride, and heavy minerals is critical for arrowhead plant's health. The water temperature should typically be at room temperature.
How Do Arrowhead Plant's Watering Needs Change with the Seasons?
How to Water arrowhead plant in Spring?
Spring is typically the start of the growing season for arrowhead plant. As temperatures rise and the days start to get longer, arrowhead plant starts to come out of its winter dormancy and resumes active growth. During this period, make sure to keep the soil consistently moist. However, avoid over-watering to prevent root rot. Start to water arrowhead plant when the top 1-2 inches of soil has dried out. Ensure the plant is well-drained and not left in standing water.
How to Water arrowhead plant in Summer?
During summer, higher temperatures and longer hours of daylight can lead to the soil drying out faster. As arrowhead plant is in its peak growth phase, the plant may require more frequent watering. Nonetheless, like spring, ensure the top 1-2 inches of soil is dry before watering. Mind increased evaporation levels during this period, aiming for deep watering sessions that reach the roots rather than frequent light watering which can lead to shallow root growth.
How to Water arrowhead plant in Autumn?
As autumn rolls around, the days start to shorten and temperatures decrease. This signifies arrowhead plant to slow its growth and prepare for winter dormancy. As such, the plant's water requirements will begin to decrease. Continue to monitor the dryness of the soil's surface, but allow the soil to dry out a bit more than in summer or spring before watering. Overwatering during this period could make the plant more susceptible to diseases.
How to Water arrowhead plant in Winter?
During winter, arrowhead plant is often in a state of dormancy. It requires much less water as its growth has significantly slowed or even stopped. The top layer of soil may remain wet for longer periods due to reduced evaporation rates in cooler temperatures, so be very cautious not to overwater. Excessive moisture at this time could result in cold damage or cause the roots to rot. Only water arrowhead plant when the soil has dried out significantly.
What Expert Tips Can Enhance Arrowhead Plant Watering Routine?
Moisture Meter
Using a moisture meter can help assess arrowhead plant's deeper soil moisture needs and prevent over or under-watering. This plant prefers its soil to be mostly dry before the next watering, and a meter can effectively measure this.
Watering Time
Watering arrowhead plant early in the morning allows the water to penetrate the soil thoroughly before the high evaporation rates of mid-day. It also helps prevent fungal diseases by minimizing the plant's exposure to dampness.
Common Misconception
One common mistake with arrowhead plant is over-watering. It's important to remember that this plant prefers slightly dry soil and is more tolerant of drought than excessive moisture. Over-watering can lead to root rot and other issues.
Signs of Thirst
To determine if arrowhead plant needs water, check the top inch of soil. If it feels dry to the touch, it's time to water. Additionally, if the plant's leaves begin to droop or if the lower leaves turn yellow, it's a sign that it needs a drink.
Watering During Heatwaves
During heatwaves, arrowhead plant may require more frequent watering due to increased evaporation. Monitor the moisture levels of the soil closely and adjust the watering schedule accordingly. Applying a layer of mulch around the plant can help retain moisture.
Watering During Extended Rain
During periods of extended rain, it's important to ensure that the soil doesn't become waterlogged. If the soil feels overly saturated, reduce the frequency of watering or take steps to improve drainage, such as using raised beds or adding organic matter to the soil.
Watering a Stressed arrowhead plant
If arrowhead plant has been stressed, such as from transplantation or pest infestation, it's crucial to pay extra attention to its watering needs. Stressed plants may require more frequent watering to aid in their recovery, but be cautious not to over-water. It's important to strike a balance and adjust based on the plant's response.
Considering Hydroponics? How to Manage a Water-Grown Arrowhead Plant?
Overview of Hydroponics
Arrowhead plant is a plant that can be successfully grown using hydroponics, which is a method of cultivating plants without soil. Instead, plants are grown in a water-based nutrient solution to provide them with the necessary nutrients and support for optimal growth.
Best Hydroponic System
For growing arrowhead plant hydroponically, the nutrient film technique (NFT) is a recommended system. NFT involves a thin film of nutrient solution flowing over the roots, providing continuous access to nutrients and oxygen.
Nutrient Solution Requirements
To meet the nutrient requirements of arrowhead plant, the nutrient solution should have a balanced concentration of macronutrients and micronutrients. A pH level between 5.8 and 6.2 is ideal for nutrient uptake. The nutrient solution should be changed every 2-3 weeks to avoid nutrient imbalances and maintain plant health.
Challenges and Common Issues
When growing arrowhead plant hydroponically, it's important to monitor for potential challenges such as root rot, which can occur due to excessive moisture. Implementing proper aeration and drainage in the hydroponic system can help prevent this. Nutrient imbalances may also arise if the concentrations are not properly maintained, leading to stunted growth or nutrient deficiencies. Additionally, arrowhead plant requires adequate light for photosynthesis, so ensuring proper lighting conditions is essential for plant health.
Monitoring Health in Hydroponics
In a hydroponic setup, arrowhead plant may show signs of stress if nutrient or pH levels are not optimal. Stunted growth, yellowing leaves, or slowed root development can indicate nutrient deficiencies. pH fluctuations can lead to nutrient imbalances. Continuous monitoring of plant health and regular water quality testing can help identify and address any issues efficiently.
Adjusting Hydroponic Environment
As arrowhead plant progresses through different growth stages, adjustments to the hydroponic environment may be necessary. Increasing light intensity during the vegetative stage promotes leaf growth, while adjusting nutrient levels during flowering or fruiting stages supports reproductive development.
Nutrient Solution
Arrowhead plant prefers a balanced nutrient solution with a pH of 5.8-6.2 for optimal growth.
Hydroponic System
The nutrient film technique (NFT) is best suited for growing arrowhead plant hydroponically, as it provides continuous access to nutrients and oxygen for the roots.
Watering Frequency
The nutrient solution should be changed every 2-3 weeks to avoid nutrient imbalances and maintain plant health.
Challenges
Root rot may occur due to excessive moisture, nutrient imbalances can lead to stunted growth or deficiencies, and adequate lighting should be provided for photosynthesis.
Monitoring
Regularly monitor plant health for signs of stress, such as stunted growth, yellowing leaves, or slowed root development.
Adjustments
Adjust lighting intensity during different growth stages, and modify nutrient levels to support reproductive development.
Important Symptoms
Overwatering Symptoms of Arrowhead plant
Arrowhead plant is more susceptible to developing disease symptoms when overwatered because it prefers a soil environment with moderate humidity. Symptoms of overwatering include yellowing leaves, brown or black spots, root rot...
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Yellowing leaves
When plants receive too much water, the roots become oxygen deprived and the bottom leaves of the plant gradually turn yellow.
Brown or black spots
Excessive watering can damage the plant's root system, making it vulnerable to fungal infections. The plant may develop dark brown to black spots that spread upwards from the lower leaves which are usually the first to be affected.
Root rot
Excess water in the soil can lead to the growth of harmful fungi and bacteria, causing the roots to rot and eventually kill the plant.
Soft or mushy stems
Excess water can cause stems to become soft and mushy, as the cells become waterlogged and lose their structural integrity.
Increased susceptibility diseases
Overwatering plants may become more susceptible and diseases as their overall health declines, weakening their natural defenses.
Solutions
1. Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness. Wait for soil to dry before watering.2. Increase soil aeration by loosening surface and gently stirring with a wooden stick or chopstick.3. Optimize environment with good ventilation and warmth to enhance water evaporation and prevent overwatering.
Underwatering Symptoms of Arrowhead plant
Arrowhead plant is more susceptible to plant health issues when lacking watering, as it can only tolerate short periods of drought. Symptoms of dehydration include wilting, leaf curling, yellowing leaves...
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Wilting
Due to the dry soil and insufficient water absorption by the roots, the leaves of the plant will appear limp, droopy, and lose vitality.
Leaf curling
Leaves may curl inward or downward as they attempt to conserve water and minimize water loss through transpiration.
Root damage
Prolonged underwatering can cause root damage, making it difficult for the plant to absorb water even when it is available.
Dying plant
If underwatering continues for an extended period, the plant may ultimately die as a result of severe water stress and an inability to carry out essential functions.
Solutions
1. Thoroughly saturate soil with slow ring watering to ensure uniform and sufficient moisture for plants. 2. Increase air humidity with water trays or misting to slow leaf water evaporation. 3. Watering according to the recommended frequency.Adjust watering frequency based on seasons and soil dryness.
Watering Troubleshooting for Arrowhead Plant
Why are the leaves of my arrowhead plant turning yellow?
Yellow leaves on a arrowhead plant plant is likely due to overwatering. This plant prefers the soil to dry out slightly between waterings. To resolve this, decrease your watering frequency and ensure the plant isn't sitting in standing water. Make a habit of checking the soil's dryness before watering. You can do this by sticking your finger about an inch into the soil; if it's dry, it's time to water.
The edges of my arrowhead plant's leaves are turning brown. What could be causing this?
Brown leaf edges are often a sign of underwatering for the arrowhead plant plant. While this plant appreciates dryness between waterings, it should not be allowed to completely dry out. Increase your watering frequency, ensuring that you thoroughly water the plant until water flows freely from the plant's drainage hole.
Why are the leaves of my arrowhead plant drooping and why does the foliage look dull?
Droopy and dull-looking leaves could indicate that your arrowhead plant is not receiving enough water. When the plant is underwatered, it doesn't receive essential nutrients necessary for sustaining healthy and vibrant foliage. Make sure to water your plant regularly and remember that your arrowhead plant will require more frequent watering during the summer months.
Why are there signs of root rot on my arrowhead plant?
Root rot is a common issue caused by overwatering, poor drainage, or a pot without adequate drain holes. Excess water creates an environment conducive to fungus growth, which damages the plant's roots. To save your arrowhead plant, remove it from the soil and trim away any black, mushy roots. Repot the plant in fresh, well-draining soil and be sure to reduce watering frequency.
Why has growth slowed down on my arrowhead plant, despite regular watering?
While arrowhead plant requires consistent watering, overwatering can lead to slow or halted growth. This is because overly wet soil can cause root problems and nutrient imbalance. To solve this problem, allow the top inch of the soil to dry out before watering your plant and ensure that your pot has appropriate drainage to prevent water from sitting at the root level.
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Lighting
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Requirements
Full shade
Ideal
Less than 3 hours of sunlight
Partial sun
Tolerance
About 3-6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
The arrowhead plant flourishes in areas with limited light penetration as it hails from dense, understorey regions. Its growth won't be hindered by a moderate amount of sun, but excessive sunshine exposure could result in adverse effects such as yellowing or curling of leaves. On the contrary, scarce light could slow growth and lead to weak, spindly stems.
Preferred
Tolerable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Arrowhead plant thrives in shaded environments and can tolerate low-light conditions. As a result, symptoms of light deficiency may not be easily noticeable, making it crucial to provide adequate light for optimal growth.
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Slower or no new growth
Arrowhead plant enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Loss of variegation
In less-than-ideal conditions, plants produce more chlorophyll to increase photosynthesis. Some variegated varieties, like arrowhead plant, may experience a reduction in variegation or even completely turn green in their new leaves.
Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Solutions
1. Move your plants to the best spot for sunlight until they can receive ample filtered light, including brief periods of direct morning sunlight. Ideally, place them 1-2 meters away from a window.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Arrowhead plant prefers shade and is sensitive to direct sunlight. Due to this sensitivity, they are prone to developing sunburn symptoms, which easily occur when exposed to direct sunlight.
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Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive ample filtered light without direct sunlight. Find a spot with abundant filtered light that doesn't expose the plant to direct rays.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
The arrowhead plant plant is originally from tropical regions with an ideal temperature range of 68 to 105 ℉ (20 to 41 ℃). They can tolerate temperatures down to 60 ℉ (15.6 ℃) but may experience slowed growth. In the winter, keep the plant away from cold drafts and maintain a temperature range of 68 to 75 ℉ (20 to 24 ℃).
Regional wintering strategies
Arrowhead plant is extremely heat-loving, and any cold temperatures can cause harm to it. In the autumn, it is recommended to bring outdoor-grown Arrowhead plant indoors and place it near a bright window, but it should be kept at a certain distance from heaters. Maintaining temperatures above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min} during winter is beneficial for plant growth. Any temperatures approaching {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min} are detrimental to the plant.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in Arrowhead plant
Arrowhead plant prefers warm temperatures and is not tolerant of low temperatures. It thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, the leaves may lighten in color. After frost damage, the color gradually turns brown or black, and symptoms such as wilting and drooping may occur.
Solutions
Trim off the frost-damaged parts. Immediately move indoors to a warm environment for cold protection. Choose a spot near a south-facing window to place the plant, ensuring ample sunlight. Additionally, avoid placing the plant near heaters or air conditioning vents to prevent excessive dryness in the air.
Symptoms of High Temperature in Arrowhead plant
During summer, Arrowhead plant should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the color of the leaves becomes lighter, and the plant becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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Toxic
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💀️ The Toxicity of Arrowhead plant
Toxic to Pets
Pets
All Parts
Toxic parts
Eaten
Effect methods
🐕️️ Is Arrowhead Plant toxic to dog?
The arrowhead plant is moderately toxic to dogs, both when touched and eaten. Its sap contains calcium oxalate crystals, which can embed in skin upon contact with a broken piece of the plant. Chewing on the leaves of the plant releases these crystals, which can cause severe irritation to both the mouth and gastrointestinal system. Symptoms include vomiting, excessive drooling, and extreme mouth pain. A trip to the vet may become necessary if the irritation is making it difficult for the dog to breathe or swallow.
🐈️️ Is Arrowhead Plant toxic to cat?
Chewing any part of the arrowhead plant (Syngonium podophyllum) will release calcium oxalate crystals that are moderately toxic to cats. Such crystals irritate the mouth, causing pain and swelling. Occasionally the airway will swell as well, rendering it difficult for the dog or cat to breathe. In such cases, veterinary advice and intervention may be necessary.
🔍 How to identify Arrowhead Plant
* The judgment on toxicity and danger is for reference only. We DO NOT GUARANTEE any accuracy of such judgment. Therefore, you SHALL NOT rely on such judgment. It is IMPORTANT TO SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE in advance when necessary.
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