Botanical name: Verbenaceae
Botanical name: Verbenaceae
Species of Verbena
The vervains genus includes 250 different plant types! The leaves often have a layer of hair on them, and the fruit splits into four different parts--each with one seed. The name refers to "sacred foliage" and is regularly used as a girl's name in Spanish-speaking countries. It has held this "sacred" distinction since ancient Roman times.
Porterweeds are often found in gardens where the plants’ summer flowers attract different types of butterflies. Species in the genus have upright, branching stems and often develop a woody base, giving the plants a more shrub-like appearance. The flowers differ in color according to the variety, but all blossoms are rich in nectar.
Shrub verbenas (Lantana) are popular garden plants, and growers have cultivated them into many shapes and colors. They produce up to 12,000 seeds a year on each shrubby plant. They have also become dangerously invasive plants after being introduced into the Australian ecosystem. Butterflies, hummingbirds, and bees love the nectar and pollen from shrub verbenas.
There are only a small number of species in the genus, and most are found only in America, with the exception of Phyla nodiflora which is found in tropical areas worldwide. Fogfruit are known for their tight clusters of flowers that grow in a mat-like form, spreading outwards. The Greek word phyle means tribe and it is thought that its use in the scientific name Phyla probably refers to the way the flowers group together.
Fiddlewoods are a genus of deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs that are native to tropical and subtropical South America. These plants typically produce fragrant, attractive white flowers, often throughout the year. Although fiddlewoods are frequently grown as ornamentals, the wood of these trees is also regularly used to make musical instruments.
Beebrushes are a genus of fragrant shrubs, subshrubs, and trees native to and distributed across the Americas. Some species are grown ornamentally for their flowers and their delightful lemony aroma. Their flowers vary in color, are borne on short stalks, and mostly grow in clusters.
Golden dewdrops are a genus of shrubs and small trees. Many species are often cultivated as ornamentals in gardens or as hedges. These are fast-spreading plants, due in part to birds transporting the seeds. Their fast growth and rapid spread make golden dewdrops pesky invasive weeds in regions where they are introduced.
Mock vervains are a large group of flower plants native to the Americas. As their name suggests, they are closely related to, and share a resemblance with, true vervains. Many mock vervains are used ornamentally, as they tend to sport beautiful purple, pink, or blue flowers.