Botanical name: Vitaceae
Botanical name: Vitaceae
Species of Grape
Peppervine make up a genus of deciduous climbing vines that thrive in temperate and mountainous regions. This genus is unique among vines and climbing plants in that all species have trifoliate leaves and stipules that grow together at the base of the petiole. Some species make for popular garden plants but may be invasive.
Leea are a genus of flowering shrubs and plants. They are native to Asia and parts of Australia and Africa. Their Latin name, Leea, was named in memory of Scottish nurseryman James Lee for his many plant discoveries. They are often used as ornamental plants as they help to attract pollinators and birds to gardens.
Treebine are a large genus of climbing vines. They live in tropical and subtropical climates. Some species are popular as ornamental vines, often grown indoors in cooler climates due to their lack of frost tolerance. Treebine plants are notable for their succulent, fleshy leaves.
Parthenocissus make up a genus of climbing vines in the grape family. The stems feature one to seven leaves, and the number of leaves helps to identify the particular species. These are unique plants in that they can form seeds without the pollination of flowers. Parthenocissus are often grown as ornamentals for their foliage that changes color dramatically throughout the year.
The cayratia genus includes tropical and subtropical vines that can grow up to 15 m high. Some species can become invasive. They spread via sub-soil rhizomes that are very difficult to eradicate. Other Cayratia species are grown ornamentally, attracting bees and butterflies.
Tetrastigma are lianas that climb with tendrils and have palmately compound leaves. The species are found in subtropical and tropical regions of Asia, Malaysia, and Australia. Tetrastigma is derived from Greek and means 'four stigmas', in reference to its four-lobed stigma.
Yua is a genus of vine in the Vitaceae family.
Cyphostemma is a flowering plant genus in the family Vitaceae, with around 260 species distributed throughout the tropics and subtropics. The genus name comes from Greek kyphos, meaning hump, and stemma, meaning garland. They originate from Northeast Africa to southern Arabia, in particular from Madagascar.
Grapevines are very old plants - scientific research has found they have been around for millions of years, and have been cultivated by humans for thousands of years. Grapevines must be grown around solid structures such as trellises in order to be cultivated successfully. Some Greek gods such as Staphylus have been associated with grapes and wine. Typically the varieties of grapes used in wine are different than those eaten directly.