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About
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Key Facts
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Distribution
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How To Care
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All Species
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More Genus
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Grass trees
Grass trees
Grass trees
Grass trees
Grass trees (Xanthorrhoea)
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Plant Type
Succulent
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Key Facts About Grass trees

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Attributes of Grass trees

Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
15 - 38 ℃

Scientific Classification of Grass trees

distribution

Distribution of Grass trees

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Distribution Map of Grass trees

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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care detail

How to Grow and Care for Grass trees

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how to grow and care
More Info About Caring for Grass trees
species

Exploring the Grass trees Plants

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8 most common species:
Xanthorrhoea australis
Austral grass tree
Austral grass tree is a perennial tree native to Australia. Its resin is often used to make lacquer for furniture. Its scientific name, Xanthorrhoea australis, is derived from the Ancient Greek word that means “yellow resin,” in reference to the yellow resin that flows from the tree.
Xanthorrhoea preissii
Australian grass tree
Australian grass tree appears like a tree with large bunches of grass-like leaves growing from its center. These leaves are highly flammable, but the tree itself can withstand fire. Banding on the trunk from new growth reveals both the age of the tree and the number of fires the tree has survived.
Xanthorrhoea macronema
Bottlebrush Grasstree
Bottlebrush Grasstree is an iconic Australian grass tree with a distinctive tuft of long, narrow leaves crowning a stout, slowly growing trunk. Its striking feature is a tall flower spike that emerges above the foliage, bearing white to cream flowers that attract various pollinators. Adapted to survive in poor soil and fire-prone landscapes, bottlebrush Grasstree thrives under harsh sun exposure, requiring little water once established.
Xanthorrhoea johnsonii
Forest grasstree
Forest grasstree is a perennial, slow-growing Australian grass-tree with a stout, woody trunk and a crown of long, narrow, grass-like leaves. Its pronounced fire resilience is showcased by its ability to sprout after bushfires, with a distinctive blackened trunk. This species is topped by a tall, dramatic flower spike, which attracts a variety of nectar-feeding birds and insects.
Xanthorrhoea minor
Small grass-tree
Small grass-tree is a perennial Australian native with a grassy, tufted appearance and no visible trunk. This small species thrives in open forests and heathland, adapting to well-drained, sandy soils. Its slender, wiry leaves form a dense clump, and it boasts a striking, singular spike of creamy-yellow flowers that emerge above the foliage, offering a stark contrast against the greenery.
Xanthorrhoea glauca
Grass tree
Grass tree is an iconic Australian perennial with a distinctive tall, woody trunk and grass-like, bluish-green foliage. Its crown of rough-textured leaves arises from a slow-growing, stout stem, which also bears the remarkable feature of a large, spear-like flower spike covered in small, creamy-white blossoms. Adapted to thrive in open forest environments, grass tree has evolved to be fire-tolerant, with its growth habit aiding recovery and survival amidst natural bushfires.
Xanthorrhoea fulva
Xanthorrhoea fulva
Xanthorrhoea fulva is a striking Australian native, featuring a robust trunk with a grass-like tuft sprouting from its peak. Its foliage is often a lush green, forming a dense crown. The plant thrives in its preferred sandy soils, with sun exposure stimulating its iconic tall flower spikes, which beckon pollinators and admirers alike.
Xanthorrhoea latifolia
Xanthorrhoea latifolia
Xanthorrhoea latifolia is an iconic Australian native characterized by its thick, grass-like leaves that fan dramatically from a central stem. It produces a striking flower spike that can reach several meters in height, adorned with tiny, creamy-white blossoms. This resilient species thrives in sandy soils, often in coastal heathlands, where it is adapted to survive frequent bushfires.
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More Popular Genus

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Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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Key Facts
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All Species
More Genus
Grass trees
Grass trees
Grass trees
Grass trees
Grass trees
Grass trees
Grass trees
Xanthorrhoea
Lifespan
Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Plant Type
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info

Key Facts About Grass trees

feedback
Feedback
feedback

Attributes of Grass trees

Leaf type
Evergreen
Ideal Temperature
15 - 38 ℃

Scientific Classification of Grass trees

distribution

Distribution of Grass trees

feedback
Feedback
feedback

Distribution Map of Grass trees

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
care detail

How to Grow and Care for Grass trees

feedback
Feedback
feedback
More Info About Caring for Grass trees
species

Exploring the Grass trees Plants

feedback
Feedback
feedback
8 most common species:
Xanthorrhoea australis
Austral grass tree
Austral grass tree is a perennial tree native to Australia. Its resin is often used to make lacquer for furniture. Its scientific name, Xanthorrhoea australis, is derived from the Ancient Greek word that means “yellow resin,” in reference to the yellow resin that flows from the tree.
Xanthorrhoea preissii
Australian grass tree
Australian grass tree appears like a tree with large bunches of grass-like leaves growing from its center. These leaves are highly flammable, but the tree itself can withstand fire. Banding on the trunk from new growth reveals both the age of the tree and the number of fires the tree has survived.
Xanthorrhoea macronema
Bottlebrush Grasstree
Bottlebrush Grasstree is an iconic Australian grass tree with a distinctive tuft of long, narrow leaves crowning a stout, slowly growing trunk. Its striking feature is a tall flower spike that emerges above the foliage, bearing white to cream flowers that attract various pollinators. Adapted to survive in poor soil and fire-prone landscapes, bottlebrush Grasstree thrives under harsh sun exposure, requiring little water once established.
Xanthorrhoea johnsonii
Forest grasstree
Forest grasstree is a perennial, slow-growing Australian grass-tree with a stout, woody trunk and a crown of long, narrow, grass-like leaves. Its pronounced fire resilience is showcased by its ability to sprout after bushfires, with a distinctive blackened trunk. This species is topped by a tall, dramatic flower spike, which attracts a variety of nectar-feeding birds and insects.
Show More Species
popular genus

More Popular Genus

feedback
Feedback
feedback
Dracaena
Dracaena
Dracaena are popular house plants that are easy to grow. They can tolerate low-light conditions and require little watering. Their leaves range from variegated to dark green. Their characteristic traits include woody stems that grow slowly but offer a striking appearance for small spaces such as apartments or offices.
Ficus
Fig trees
Fig trees have been cultivated in many regions for their fruits, particularly the common fig, F. carica. Most of the species have edible fruits, although the common fig is the only one of commercial value. Fig trees are also important food sources for wildlife in the tropics, including monkeys, bats, and insects.
Rubus
Brambles
Brambles are members of the rose family, and there are hundreds of different types to be found throughout the European countryside. They have been culturally significant for centuries; Christian folklore stories hold that when the devil was thrown from heaven, he landed on a bramble bush. Their vigorous growth habit can tangle into native plants and take over.
Acer
Maples
The popular tree family known as maples change the color of their leaves in the fall. Many cultural traditions encourage people to watch the colors change, such as momijigari in Japan. Maples popular options for bonsai art. Alternately, their sap is used to create maple syrup.
Prunus
Prunus
Prunus is a genus of flowering fruit trees that includes almonds, cherries, plums, peaches, nectarines, and apricots. These are often known as "stone fruits" because their pits are large seeds or "stones." When prunus trees are damaged, they exhibit "gummosis," a condition in which the tree's gum (similar to sap) is secreted to the bark to help heal external wounds.
Solanum
Nightshades
Nightshades is a large and diverse genus of plants, with more than 1500 different types worldwide. This genus incorporates both important staple food crops like tomato, potato, and eggplant, but also dangerous poisonous plants from the nightshade family. The name was coined by Pliny the Elder almost two thousand years ago.
Rosa
Roses
Most species of roses are shrubs or climbing plants that have showy flowers and sharp thorns. They are commonly cultivated for cut flowers or as ornamental plants in gardens due to their attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, and cultural significance in many countries. The rose hips (fruits) can also be used in jams and teas.
Quercus
Oaks
Oaks are among the world's longest-lived trees, sometimes growing for over 1,000 years! The oldest known oak tree is in the southern United States and is over 1,500 years old. Oaks produce an exceedingly popular type of wood which is used to make different products, from furniture and flooring to wine barrels and even cosmetic creams.
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Your Ultimate Guide to Plants
Identify grow and nurture the better way!
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17,000 local species +400,000 global species studied
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Nearly 5 years of research
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80+ scholars in botany and gardening
ad
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