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Spiny Hackberry
Spiny Hackberry
Spiny Hackberry
Celtis ehrenbergiana
Also known as : Huasteco, Shiny Hackberry
Spiny Hackberry (Celtis ehrenbergiana) is a perennial shrub that grows from 2.5 to 5 m tall. It blooms in spring and summer with chartreuse colored flowers. Attracts birds, bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Bright orange berries ripen late summer to early fall. Fruits are edible and sweet. Thrives in full sun to partial shade.
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
7 to 9
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plant_info

Key Facts About Spiny Hackberry

Attributes of Spiny Hackberry

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Shrub
Bloom Time
Spring
Plant Height
3 m
Spread
2.5 m to 3 m
Leaf Color
Green
Blue
Flower Size
2.5 mm
Flower Color
Yellow
Green
Leaf type
Deciduous
Growth Season
Summer, Fall
Pollinators
Wind
Benefits to Pollinating Insects
Larval food
Growth Rate:Slow
Given spiny Hackberry's slow growth rate, during the active seasons of Summer and Fall, this plant methodically develops its structure, investing energy in creating robust branches. This slow maturation may result in fewer leaves or flowers observed each season, but enhances resilience. Varying environmental conditions may impact the growth speed across these seasons.

Scientific Classification of Spiny Hackberry

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distribution

Distribution of Spiny Hackberry

Habitat of Spiny Hackberry

Mesas, foothills, thickets
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Spiny Hackberry

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
habit
question

Questions About Spiny Hackberry

Watering Watering Watering
Temperature Temperature Temperature
What's the best method to water my Spiny Hackberry?
You might want to put a garden hose at the plant base to ensure that you're promoting excellent root development. Avoid directly spraying the leaves, and know that the leaves will require more watering if they are outdoors and facing direct sunlight. You can also use bubblers that you can put on to each plant to moisten the roots. Also, use soaker hoses that can cover the entire garden or bed when adding or removing plants to push the roots deeply. Drain any excess water and wait for the soil to dry before watering. Water at ground level to prevent diseases. On a sunny day, you might want to spray the entire bush with water. Whether potted or in-ground, please remember Spiny Hackberry prefers deep watering over light sprinkling.
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What should I do if I water Spiny Hackberry too much/too little?
An overwatered Spiny Hackberry can start to have leaves that turn yellow, drop off and wilt. The plant can also look dull and unhealthy, with signs of mushy stems. When they are beginning to show these signs, it's best to adjust your schedule whenever possible.
The wilting can also be a sign of under watering as well. You might see that the leaves begin to turn crispy and dry while the overwatered ones will have soft wilted leaves. Check the soil when it is dry and watering is not enough, give it a full watering in time. Enough water will make the Spiny Hackberry recover again, but the plant will still appear dry and yellow leaves after a few days due to the damaged root system. Once it return to normal, the leave yellowing will stop .
Always check the moisture levels at the pot when you have the Spiny Hackberry indoors. Avoid overwatering indoors and see if there are signs of black spots. If these are present, let the soil dry in the pot by giving it a few days of rest from watering.
Overwatering can lead to root rot being present in your plant. If this is the case, you might want to transfer them into a different pot, especially if you see discolored and slimy roots. Always prevent root rot as much as possible, and don't let the soil become too soggy.
You should dig a little deeper when you plant your Spiny Hackberry outdoors. When you check with your fingers and notice that the soil is too dry, it could mean underwatering. Adequate watering is required to help the plant recover.
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How often should I water my Spiny Hackberry?
The Spiny Hackberry likes deep and infrequent watering. You would want to soak them in a gallon of water each time, especially when they are planted in pots. The water storage of flower pots is limited and the soil will dry out faster. Watering is required every 3 to 5 days when living in a cold region. Water it early in the morning when the soil is dry, outdoors or indoors. You can also determine if watering is needed by checking the soil inside. When the top 2-3 inches of soil is dry, it is time to give the plant a full watering. During hot days, you may need to check the moisture daily, as the heat can quickly dry out the soil in the pot.
Irrigation of the soil is also required if you have a garden. When you live in a hot climate, you might want to water once a week. Only water when you notice that about 2 to 3 inches of soil become too dry outdoors or indoors. Consider the amount of rainwater on the plant and ensure not to add to it to prevent root rot.You may not need additional watering of the plants if there is a lot of rainfall.Spiny Hackberry generally grows during spring and fall. When they are outdoors, you need to add mulch about 3 to 4 inches deep to conserve more water.
You need to water the plants more frequently in sandy soil because this type tends to drain faster. However, with the clay one, you need to water this less frequently where you could go for 2-3 days to dry the plant and not develop any root rot. You could mark the date on the calendar whenever you water and when you notice that the leaves are starting to droop. This can mean that you might be a day late.
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How much water do I need to give my Spiny Hackberry?
The Spiny Hackberry generally needs about a gallon of water each schedule,With the potted plants, you might want to water them deeply until you see that the water is dripping at the bottom of the pot. Then, wait for the soil to dry before watering them again. You can use a water calculator or a moisture meter to determine the amount you've given to your plant in a week. Provide plenty of water, especially in the flowering period, but let the moisture evaporate afterwards to prevent root rot.
If Spiny Hackberry is planted outdoor with adequate rainfall, it may not need additional watering. When Spiny Hackberry is young or newly planted, make sure it gets 1-2 inches of rain per week. As Spiny Hackberry continues to grow, it can survive entirely on rainfall. Only when the weather is too hot, or when there is no rainfall at all for 2-3 weeks, then consider giving Spiny Hackberry a full watering during the cooler moment of the day to prevent the plant from suffering from high heat damage. Additional watering will be required during persistent dry spells.
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Should I adjust the watering frequency for my Spiny Hackberry according to different seasons or climates?
The Spiny Hackberry needs outdoors come from rain, with only persistent dry weather requiring watering. Throughout the spring and fall growing seasons, the soil needs to be kept moist but not soggy, and alternating dry and moist soil conditions will allow the Spiny Hackberry to grow well. Throughout the summer, hot weather can cause water to evaporate too quickly, and if there is a lack of rainfall, you will need to water more frequently and extra to keep it moist.
Usually, the Spiny Hackberry will need less water during the winter. Since the Spiny Hackberry will drop their leaves and go dormant, you can put them into a well-draining but moisture-retentive soil mixture like the terracotta to help the water evaporate quicker. Once your Spiny Hackberry growing outdoors begins to leaf out and go dormant, you can skip watering altogether and in most cases Spiny Hackberry can rely on the fall and winter rains to survive the entire dormant period.
After the spring, you can cultivate your Spiny Hackberry and encourage it to grow and bloom when the temperature becomes warmer.This plant is not generally a fan of ponding or drought when flowering. You must ensure that the drainage is good at all times, especially during the winter.
When the plant is in a pot, the plant has limited root growth. Keep them well-watered, especially if they are planted in pots during summer. They don't like cold and wet roots, so provide adequate drainage, especially if they are still growing.
It's always best to water your Spiny Hackberry’s diligently. Get the entire root system into a deep soak at least once or twice a week, depending on the weather. It's best to avoid shallow sprinkles that reach the leaves since they generally encourage the growth of fungi and don't reach deep into the roots. Don't allow the Spiny Hackberry’s to dry out completely in the fall or winter, even if they are already dormancy.
Don't drown the plants because they generally don't like sitting in water for too long. They can die during winter if the soil does not drain well. Also, apply mulch whenever possible to reduce stress, conserve water, and encourage healthy blooms.
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What should I be careful with when I water my Spiny Hackberry in different seasons, climates, or during different growing periods?
If planting in the ground, Spiny Hackberry mostly relies on rain. However, if there is no rainfall for 2-3 weeks, you may need to give proper consideration to giving the plants a deep watering. If watering Spiny Hackberry in summer, you should try to do it in the morning. A large temperature difference between the water temperature and the root system can stress the roots. You need to avoid watering the bushes when it's too hot outside. Start mulching them during the spring when the ground is not too cold.
The age of the plants matter. Lack of water is one of the most common reasons the newly planted ones fail to grow. After they are established, you need to ease off the watering schedule.
Reduce watering them during the fall and winter, especially if they have a water-retaining material in the soil. The dry winds in winter can dry them out, and the newly planted ones can be at risk of drought during windy winter, summer, and fall. Windy seasons mean that there's more watering required. The ones planted in the pot tend to dry out faster, so they need more watering. Once you see that they bloom less, the leaves begin to dry up.
Potted plants are relatively complex to water and fluctuate in frequency. Always be careful that the pot-planted plant don't sit in the water. Avoid putting them in containers with saucers, bowls, and trays. Too much watering in the fall can make the foliage look mottled or yellowish. It's always a good idea to prevent overwatering them regardless of the current climate or season that you might have. During the months when Spiny Hackberry begins to flower, you might want to increase the watering frequency but give it a rest once they are fully grown.
Give them an adequate amount of water once every 3 to 5 days but don't give them regular schedules. Make sure the soil is dry by sticking your finger in the pot, or use a moisture meter if you're unsure if it's the right time. Too much root rot can cause them to die, so be careful not to overwater or underwater regardless of the climate or season you have in your area.
Read More more
Why is watering my Spiny Hackberry important?
Watering the Spiny Hackberry helps transport the needed nutrients from the soil to the rest of the plant. The moisture will keep this species healthy if you know how much water to give. The watering requirements will depend on the weather in your area and the plant's soil.
The Spiny Hackberry thrives on moist soil, but they can't generally tolerate waterlogging. Ensure to provide enough mulch when planted on the ground and never fall into the trap of watering too little. They enjoy a full can of watering where the water should be moist at the base when they are planted in a pot to get the best blooms.
If they are grown as foliage, you need to water them up to a depth of 10 to 20 inches so they will continue to grow. If it's raining, refrain from watering and let them get the nutrients they need from the rainwater.
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More Info on Spiny Hackberry Growth and Care

Basic Care Guide
Temperature
-10 38 ℃
Spiny Hackberry is indigenous to regions with moderations in temperature due to its preference for 15 to 35 ℃ (59 to 95 °F). The adaptation can be facilitated by mimicking these temperatures in respective seasons.
Temp for Healthy Growth
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Related Plants
Spiny Hackberry
Spiny Hackberry
Spiny Hackberry
Celtis ehrenbergiana
Also known as: Huasteco, Shiny Hackberry
Spiny Hackberry (Celtis ehrenbergiana) is a perennial shrub that grows from 2.5 to 5 m tall. It blooms in spring and summer with chartreuse colored flowers. Attracts birds, bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Bright orange berries ripen late summer to early fall. Fruits are edible and sweet. Thrives in full sun to partial shade.
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
7 to 9
more
plant_info

Key Facts About Spiny Hackberry

Attributes of Spiny Hackberry

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Shrub
Bloom Time
Spring
Plant Height
3 m
Spread
2.5 m to 3 m
Leaf Color
Green
Blue
Flower Size
2.5 mm
Flower Color
Yellow
Green
Leaf type
Deciduous
Growth Season
Summer, Fall
Pollinators
Wind
Benefits to Pollinating Insects
Larval food
Growth Rate:Slow
Given spiny Hackberry's slow growth rate, during the active seasons of Summer and Fall, this plant methodically develops its structure, investing energy in creating robust branches. This slow maturation may result in fewer leaves or flowers observed each season, but enhances resilience. Varying environmental conditions may impact the growth speed across these seasons.
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Scientific Classification of Spiny Hackberry

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distribution

Distribution of Spiny Hackberry

Habitat of Spiny Hackberry

Mesas, foothills, thickets
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Spiny Hackberry

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
question

Questions About Spiny Hackberry

Watering Watering Watering
Temperature Temperature Temperature
What's the best method to water my Spiny Hackberry?
more
What should I do if I water Spiny Hackberry too much/too little?
more
How often should I water my Spiny Hackberry?
more
How much water do I need to give my Spiny Hackberry?
more
Should I adjust the watering frequency for my Spiny Hackberry according to different seasons or climates?
more
What should I be careful with when I water my Spiny Hackberry in different seasons, climates, or during different growing periods?
more
Why is watering my Spiny Hackberry important?
more
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Keep your plants happy and healthy with our guide to watering, lighting, feeding and more.
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care_scenes

More Info on Spiny Hackberry Growth and Care

Basic Care Guide
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Plants Related to Spiny Hackberry

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Temperature
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Spiny Hackberry is indigenous to regions with moderations in temperature due to its preference for 15 to 35 ℃ (59 to 95 °F). The adaptation can be facilitated by mimicking these temperatures in respective seasons.
Regional wintering strategies
Spiny Hackberry has strong cold resistance, so special frost protection measures are usually not necessary during winter. However, if the winter temperatures are expected to drop below {Limit_growth_temperature}, it is still important to provide cold protection. This can be achieved by wrapping the trunk and branches with materials such as non-woven fabric or cloth. Before the first freeze in autumn, it is recommended to water the plant abundantly, ensuring the soil remains moist and enters a frozen state. This helps prevent drought and water scarcity for the plant during winter and early spring.
Important Symptoms
Low Temperature
Spiny Hackberry is cold-tolerant and thrives best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, although there may not be any noticeable changes during winter, the branches may become brittle and dry during springtime, and no new shoots will emerge.
Solutions
In spring, prune away any dead branches that have failed to produce new leaves.
High Temperature
During summer, Spiny Hackberry should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the leaves of the plant may become lighter in color, the tips may become dry and withered, and the plant becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Trim away the sunburned and dried-up parts. Move the plant to a location that provides shade from the midday and afternoon sun, or use a shade cloth to create shade. Water the plant in the morning and evening to keep the soil moist.
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