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Missouri foxtail cactus
Missouri foxtail cactus
Missouri foxtail cactus
Missouri foxtail cactus
Missouri foxtail cactus
Missouri foxtail cactus
Missouri foxtail cactus
Escobaria missouriensis
Also known as : Missouri pincushion
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
7 to 11
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Care Guide for Missouri foxtail cactus

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Watering Care
Watering Care
Details on Watering Care Watering Care
Fertilizing Care
Fertilizing Care
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Soil Care
Soil Care
Slightly acidic, Slightly alkaline
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Ideal Lighting
Ideal Lighting
Full sun
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Ideal Temperature
Ideal Temperature
7 to 11
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Missouri foxtail cactus
Water
Water
Every 3 weeks
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
7 to 11
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Questions About Missouri foxtail cactus

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What should I do if I water my Missouri foxtail cactus too much or too little?
Underwatered Missouri foxtail cactus Missouri foxtail cactus and other succulents can endure long periods without water, so it’s unusual to find one of these suffering from underwatering. But, if you somehow forgot about your plant and neglected to water it for a month or more, you’ll probably find your Missouri foxtail cactus looking thirsty or with some damage from lack of watering. It is very easy to identify an underwatered Missouri foxtail cactus. Plant look lacklustre and wrinkled. Some may have dried up completely, turned brown and crispy, or dropped off the plant. And of course, the soil will be completely dried out. If your Missouri foxtail cactus is thirsty and underwatered, give it plenty of water as soon as possible. Submerging the pot entirely in water for about 5-10 minutes is a good way to make sure the soil and plant are rehydrated properly. When you feel a sense of moisture on the surface of the soil with your finger, it means the watering is done properly. Overwatered Missouri foxtail cactus Overwatering is dangerous to Missouri foxtail cactus and can be fatal to your plant if you don’t remedy the situation. Too much moisture over time leads to root rot, which prevents the roots from being able to absorb nutrients and water from the soil. Root rot occurs when wet conditions allow fungi and bacteria to flourish in the soil and feed on roots. When you find that it's overwatered, you'd better change the growing conditions, place it somewhere with more air ventilation and adjust water frequency, for example. The symptoms of overwatering are yellow, swollen, and translucent organs that may even burst open from being over-full with water. If the problem continues without being treated, plant might turn brown or black, and fall off the plant at the slightest touch. Be sure to check the soil to determine if overwatering is the culprit, as some other issues can cause similar symptoms. It’s a bit difficult (but not impossible) to save an overwatered plant. The key is catching it early before a lot of damage has occurred. If the roots become rotten, it is likely to kill the entire plant. If you suspect you have overwatered your Missouri foxtail cactus, the first step is to remove it from its pot and check the roots and soil. After removing the plant from its pot, gently remove wet soil from around the roots and then rinse them clean in room-temperature water. This helps with removing fungus that might be lurking in the soil and allows you to get a better sense of how healthy the roots are. If your plant has already developed root rot, you will see roots that are dark brown or black, soft, mushy, or slimy. If the majority of the roots are already affected by root rot, it may not be possible to save the plant. In this case, it is best to remove any healthy stem and try to use these to propagate a new Missouri foxtail cactus. If, on the other hand, only a portion of the roots have succumbed to rot and other healthy roots still remain, there is a chance it can be saved. Use a sterilized cutting tool to remove any unhealthy-looking roots. Once you're left with only the firm, pale roots, it’s a good idea to dip them in a fungicide to kill off any remaining spores. After that you can repot your Missouri foxtail cactus in fresh, free-draining potting soil. While this does not always work to save a succulent with root rot, in most cases this plant will be able to make a full recovery and will put out new growth starting in the next growing season.
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How often should I water my Missouri foxtail cactus?
There’s not a hard-and-fast rule for how often to water Missouri foxtail cactus. The best way to determine this is to check the soil and only water when it’s bone dry. You can either stick your finger in the pot or use a moisture meter to check the soil below the surface. When you plant it in a deep pot, you can do this with a stick or chopstick. If it feels even a little bit moist, wait a few days and check it again. Most people will need to water Missouri foxtail cactus about every two weeks in summer and once a month in winter, but there are several factors that can change the frequency. The section below lists some considerations that can help you to determine how often to water.
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What should I consider when watering my Missouri foxtail cactus?
There are several environmental conditions that will affect how your Missouri foxtail cactus needs to be watered, including the container size, soil type, temperature, and humidity. First off, the container and soil you use will determine how often to water and how much water to use each time. Be sure you use a container with plenty of drainage holes in the bottom so extra water can escape the pot. A small container has less room for soil, meaning it won’t hold as much moisture, while a larger pot will stay wet longer and need to be watered less often. It’s important not to keep your Missouri foxtail cactus in an oversized pot as this can easily lead to overwatering. When repotting, move to just one size larger than the current container. A shallow container works better than a deep one, since Missouri foxtail cactus has shallow root systems. Missouri foxtail cactus will need to be watered less often in winter and more often in the active growing season in spring and autumn. During the winter, growth slows down considerably and the plant isn’t using much energy or water. There is less water lost to evaporation in cooler winter air, meaning that soil stays wet for much longer than it would in the summer. This also applies to the general climate around your home. If you live in a humid location with a lot of rain, you will need to water less often than if you live in a dry, arid climate. Remember that conditions at the same geographic location can vary significantly with the season and the use of indoor heating and air conditioning. Outdoor Planting If Missouri foxtail cactus is planted in the ground, after establishing a root system, it shouldn’t need supplemental water beyond what it receives through precipitation and dew. But if there is a long dry period, you may want to water occasionally. In other areas where Missouri foxtail cactus can only be grown in a container, this plant can be moved outside in the spring and summer when the temperature is proper and then brought back inside when temperatures start to drop. A potted Missouri foxtail cactus kept outside usually needs more water than the same plant kept indoors, because there is a lot more sun exposure even on a shaded porch.
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How to water Missouri foxtail cactus?
The best way to water Missouri foxtail cactus is to soak it thoroughly and then allow it to dry out before it gets watered again. Since this plant is somewhat drought tolerant, you can let it get quite dry before watering again. It is always better to give this type of plant too little water over too much. When you water, make sure the soil gets thoroughly soaked throughout the whole pot. Don’t pour the water in just one spot, but rather try to go around the whole rim of the planter to be sure that it has a chance to get wet on all sides of the plant. The correct amount of water will depend on the size of your container and how much water your soil absorbs. Give your Missouri foxtail cactus enough water that it drains out from the drainage holes and then (ideally) leave the drained water in the saucer for about 20-30 minutes to absorb into dry pockets of soil. After that, discard any excess water that’s still in the saucer to avoid the soil getting waterlogged. Bottom-watering is also an excellent method for Missouri foxtail cactus, as you can be sure that the soil gets thoroughly moistened. This process involves placing the pot into a saucer of water and allowing the soil to absorb moisture through the drainage holes. You will know that the soil has absorbed enough water when the top layer is moist. This takes a bit more time than top-watering, but is almost foolproof in getting an even distribution of water throughout the pot. The original habitat of Missouri foxtail cactus is relatively dry with little rain, but when it rains, the soil will be thoroughly moistened. So you can mimic this situation by bottom-watering your plant when the soil is totally dry. Deep soil bathing is better than frequent light watering for Missouri foxtail cactus.
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Key Facts About Missouri foxtail cactus

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Attributes of Missouri foxtail cactus

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Succulent
Bloom Time
Late spring, Early summer, Mid summer
Plant Height
30 cm
Spread
30 cm
Flower Size
1.9 cm to 4 cm
Flower Color
Yellow
Green
Pink
Leaf type
Semi-evergreen
Ideal Temperature
15 - 38 ℃

Symbolism

Scientific Classification of Missouri foxtail cactus

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Common Pests & Diseases About Missouri foxtail cactus

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Common issues for Missouri foxtail cactus based on 10 million real cases
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Stem blotch
Stem blotch is a fungal infection that leads to spots and lesions on the stem of Missouri foxtail cactus, potentially causing tissue damage and plant weakness.
Stem rot
Stem rot Stem rot
Stem rot
Bacterial infection can cause the stems to become soft and rotten.
Solutions: If the plant is only infected a little, it can sometimes be saved. This mainly applies to houseplants that are grown in pots. Here's what to do. Remove the plant from the pot and gently shake off as much soil as possible. Using pruning tools that have been disinfected, remove any diseased foliage and roots. Be sure the new pot has good drainage holes and wash it with one part bleach and nine parts water to ensure that it is completely clean and sanitized. Dip the plant's roots in fungicide to kill off any remaining fungal spores before potting into the clean growing medium. Only water the plant when the top inch of the soil is dry and never let the plant sit in water. For plants that are grown in the ground, it's best just to remove the infected plants and destroy them. Do not plant in the same spot until the soil has been allowed to dry out and has been treated with a fungicide.
Wilting after blooming
Wilting after blooming Wilting after blooming
Wilting after blooming
Flowers may wither for a variety of reasons.
Solutions: Check the soil or potting medium. Coarse textures can allow water to drain too rapidly, preventing the plant from taking up enough. If the soil and roots seem very dry, add sphagnum moss or other mediums that hold water. Water according to recommendations for each plant's species. Low humidity can be corrected by misting the plant regularly or placing it near a humidifier. Keeping it near other plants helps, too. Keep the environment consistent in terms of temperature, humidity, and lighting. Keep it away from vents, heaters, and air conditioners, and avoid moving it to locations where it will experience a temperature shock. Hot, dry heat, and cold drafts are problematic for many plants. Especially if the plant is outside, it could be experiencing heat or light stress. Try moving it to a shadier location.
Low light
Low light Low light
Low light
A lack of sunlight will cause the stems and leaves to elongate and appear lighter in color.
Solutions: Low light can only be addressed by increasing light availability, and these measures will only stop further etoliation; current distortion cannot be reversed. Move plant to a position where it receives more light. Check the requirements for specific species, as too much sunlight can cause a plant to burn. Introduce appropriate artificial lighting. Some people choose to prune the longest stems so the plant can concentrate on healthy new growth under the improved lighting.
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Stem blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Stem blotch Disease on Missouri foxtail cactus?
What is Stem blotch Disease on Missouri foxtail cactus?
Stem blotch is a fungal infection that leads to spots and lesions on the stem of Missouri foxtail cactus, potentially causing tissue damage and plant weakness.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Stem blotch in Missouri foxtail cactus manifests as discolored spots on stems, which can coalesce, leading to larger lesions and possible stem rot.
What Causes Stem blotch Disease on Missouri foxtail cactus?
What Causes Stem blotch Disease on Missouri foxtail cactus?
1
Fungal Pathogens
Specific fungi, often from genera like Phoma or Alternaria, cause stem blotch disease.
How to Treat Stem blotch Disease on Missouri foxtail cactus?
How to Treat Stem blotch Disease on Missouri foxtail cactus?
1
Non pesticide
Sanitation: Remove and destroy infected plant parts to reduce disease spread.

Improved Airflow: Increase spacing between plants to improve air circulation and reduce humidity.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide Application: Apply appropriate fungicides that target the specific fungi causing stem blotch.
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Stem rot
plant poor
Stem rot
Bacterial infection can cause the stems to become soft and rotten.
Overview
Overview
Stem rot is a serious disease and can affect many different types of plants. it can be particularly prevalent when the temperature of the soil is over 16 ℃ and there's a lot of moisture in the soil. This could be from unusually heavy rainfalls or too much irrigation. Once stem rot sets in, it's very difficult to get rid of the disease and most affected plants will have to be discarded. This is especially the case for vegetables, herbs, and other herbaceous plants that have soft stems. This is why it's important to ensure that the soil used for growing these plants is well-drained and that overwatering is avoided. Using good cultural practices also help in curbing these types of fungal diseases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Plants that have been affected by stem rot will first display a yellowing of the lower leaves. This is followed by obvious wilting and stunted growth.
If the stem of the affected plant is examined closely, there will be some dark discolorations starting near the base and moving upward. If the roots of affected plants are examined, they will appear dark and mushy instead of white and healthy-looking. Eventually, the entire plant will wilt and die.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Stem rot is caused by a variety of soil-borne fungus pathogens. The type of fungus depends on the species of plant that is affected. Two fungi responsible for stem rot are Rhizoctonia and Fusarium. These fungal pathogens live in soil and migrate to the plant when conditions are optimum. This includes warm, humid weather and excessive soil moisture. Commonly, vegetable seedlings are affected by these fungi.
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is another fungus that causes stem rot in plants. This fungus has a host range of over 350 different species of plants. Plants most susceptible to this fungus include many vegetable varieties such as cucumbers, beans, cilantro, carrots, cabbage, melons, lettuce, peas, onions, tomatoes, pumpkins, and squash. This fungus can produce different symptoms in different species. In some cases, the fungus causes irregular spots on stems and other plant material that appear water-soaked. On other plant species, the fungus appears as dry lesions that grow and girdle the stem of the plant.
The third type of fungus that causes stem rot is Phytophthora capsici. Plants that belong to the cucumber family are most susceptible to this fungal infection. This fungus manifests as water-soaked lesions on the stems that then turn brown and girdle the stem.
All of these fungal pathogens are transmitted to the plant by water splashing from the soil up onto the plant. That's because the fungal spores live in the soil where they wait for the right conditions to infect the plants.
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Wilting after blooming
plant poor
Wilting after blooming
Flowers may wither for a variety of reasons.
Overview
Overview
Wilting after blooming is sometimes a natural aging process of the flower, while other times it may indicate a problem. Orchids, for example, can bloom for anywhere from two weeks to three months, so wilting after a few days signals a problem for most varieties. This can happen to virtually any ornamental flowering plant, but those with shallow roots and limited tolerance for drought, full sun, and low humidity are more susceptible.
This is a common problem, and often has an easy fix. Sometimes, however, it is the result of more serious causes such as pests or disease of the root system.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  • At first, flowers may look a little limp.
  • Petals may start to appear dried out and turn brown.
  • Eventually they may drop off the plant all together.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Wilting blooms can be a sign of an unhealthy root system. Any condition that prevents the plant from absorbing enough water and nutrition can result in wilting blooms and sometimes other symptoms. If the plant doesn’t have enough water, it cannot maintain appropriate pressure within stems, leaves, and blooms, causing them to wilt.
This can result from physical damage – for example from root breakage during re-potting or attack by insects like cutworms. If you recently re-potted your plant, physical damage to the roots is a likely cause. If you see insects, they may be eating leaves, roots, or flowers. Fungal infections can also cause root rot and damage, preventing water and nutrient uptake.
Finally, wilting blooms can result simply from age. If no other symptoms are visible, it may simply signal the natural end of the flower’s lifespan. If it seems premature, this may be caused by environmental factors: water, humidity, light, or stress. Under-watering is a common cause. Similarly, plants adapted to high humidity dry out easily when humidity is low, like during winter or in dry climates. Too much light can also stress plants that need shade, causing blooms to wilt.
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Low light
plant poor
Low light
A lack of sunlight will cause the stems and leaves to elongate and appear lighter in color.
Overview
Overview
All plants require light, and if they do not receive it in the quantities that they require this distorts their growth in a process known as etiolation. In essence, etiolated plants are diverting all of their energy to growing taller in a desperate attempt to reach a position where they can meet their light requirements. Many other growth factors are harmed by this, and so light-deprived plants can become weak and distorted until they are almost unrecognizable. Low light symptoms are most commonly seen in houseplants, but outdoor specimens can also be affected.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Although symptoms will vary in different plants, the general symptoms of low light are easy to spot.
  1. Plant stems grow tall and lanky.
  2. There are less leaves, and both leaves and stems tend to be pale and insipid looking. This is due to a shortage of chlorophyll.
  3. All plant parts become weakened and may droop, as energy is diverted toward too-fast growth as the plant stretches itself toward any source of light.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Plants need sunlight in varying amounts for photosynthesis – a process that produces energy for growth and fruit and flower production. Low light causes a plant to divert all energy to upward (apical) growth in order to find better light. Plant hormones called auxins are transported from the actively-growing tip of the plant downwards, to suppress lateral growth. A drop in cellular pH triggers expansins, nonenzymatic cell wall proteins, to loosen cell walls and allow them to elongate. This elongation results in the abnormal lengthening of stems, especially internodes, or plant "legginess" which is observed in etoliated plants.
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distribution

Distribution of Missouri foxtail cactus

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Habitat of Missouri foxtail cactus

Grassland, desert, forest
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Missouri foxtail cactus

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Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
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More Info on Missouri Foxtail Cactus Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Lighting
Full sun
Missouri foxtail cactus craves unfiltered, intense solar exposure throughout the day for optimal health, hailing from habitats with abundant sunlight. At various stages of growth, it still needs these light conditions. Excessive light doesn't harm it, but lack of adequate sun exposure can cause poor development and growth.
Best Sunlight Practices
Transplant
0.5-1 feet
Optimal relocation time for missouri foxtail cactus is the vernal season, when growth is vigorous. Ensure a sunny spot with sharp drainage. When required, handle with care due to its delicate spines.
Transplant Techniques
Temperature
-10 - 43 ℃
Missouri foxtail cactus is native to temperate areas where the temperature ranges from 59 to 100 °F (15 to 38 ℃). It thrives in these conditions and may need adjustment for extreme heat or cold. Stay aware of the seasonal changes to adjust accordingly.
Temp for Healthy Growth
Propagation
Spring,Summer
Originating in North America's grasslands, missouri foxtail cactus is adept at thriving in rough terrains and therefore responds well to propagation methods mimicking its native habitat. Cuttings are the commonly utilized method, where a piece of the cactus, preferably a healthy stem segment, is left to callous over a few days. Afterward, it should be planted in well-draining soil, similar to the gritty environment it's accustomed to. Consistent, moderate watering helps the cuttings to establish roots, reflecting native conditions without promoting rot. For successful growth, the chosen environment should be kept warm, simulating missouri foxtail cactus's natural climate.
Propagation Techniques
Stem blotch
Stem blotch is a fungal infection that leads to spots and lesions on the stem of Missouri foxtail cactus, potentially causing tissue damage and plant weakness.
Read More
Dark blotch
Dark blotch is a fungal disease primarily affecting Missouri foxtail cactus, causing discoloration and weakened tissues. The disease can significantly affect the health and aesthetics of the plant, potentially leading to severe damage if untreated.
Read More
Etiolated stem
Etiolated Stem is a severe condition that affects Missouri foxtail cactus, causing thin, elongated stems and paler coloration due to inadequate sunlight. It stifles growth and can affect overall plant's health if unaddressed. This disease is non-infectious and can be prevented with proper environmental conditions.
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Scars
Scars is a cosmetic, non-infectious disease affecting Missouri foxtail cactus. It's caused by physical damage, resulting in blemishes on Missouri foxtail cactus's surface. Although not pathogenic, scars may hinder photosynthesis and affect overall health of the plant.
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Mushrooms
Mushrooms, a term often associated with fungal infections in plants, can lead to disease in Missouri foxtail cactus. Symptoms include discolored stem growths and a weakened structure, potentially threatening the plant's survival if left untreated.
Read More
Scale insect
Scale insects can cause significant damage to the Missouri foxtail cactus, leading to weakened growth and potential death if untreated. The disease primarily manifests through the attachment of these pests to the cactus.
Read More
Whole plant withering
Whole plant withering, a serious condition affecting Missouri foxtail cactus, results in the rapid decline and potential death of the cactus. Key indicators include wilting, discoloration, and plant death.
Read More
Stem yellowing
Stem yellowing is a disease that leads to discoloration and potential weakening of Missouri foxtail cactus's stems. The disease impairs plant vigor and may lead to death if untreated.
Read More
Soil fungus
Soil fungus is a disease that impacts Missouri foxtail cactus, causing symptoms like wilting and discoloration. It may severely affect plant vigor and survival, necessitating timely and effective management strategies.
Read More
Stem blackening
Stem blackening is a plant disease that significantly affects Missouri foxtail cactus, causing its stem to become discolored and potentially lethal if left untreated. It is mainly caused by fungal pathogens and poor cultural practices.
Read More
Stem rot
Stem rot in Missouri foxtail cactus is a severe disease causing stem decay, wilt, and potential plant death. It emerges primarily due to fungal infection, aggravated by poor growing conditions.
Read More
Feng shui direction
Northeast
According to our revered Feng Shui principles, the missouri foxtail cactus is an acceptable match in a Northeast-oriented space. The plant's resilience and grounding character align well with the Earth element associated with the Northeast, thus potentially enhancing the stability and fortitude of the environment.
Fengshui Details
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Missouri foxtail cactus
Missouri foxtail cactus
Missouri foxtail cactus
Missouri foxtail cactus
Missouri foxtail cactus
Missouri foxtail cactus
Missouri foxtail cactus
Escobaria missouriensis
Also known as: Missouri pincushion
Hardiness Zones
Hardiness Zones
7 to 11
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Care Guide for Missouri foxtail cactus

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Key Facts About Missouri foxtail cactus

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Attributes of Missouri foxtail cactus

Lifespan
Perennial
Plant Type
Succulent
Bloom Time
Late spring, Early summer, Mid summer
Plant Height
30 cm
Spread
30 cm
Flower Size
1.9 cm to 4 cm
Flower Color
Yellow
Green
Pink
Leaf type
Semi-evergreen
Ideal Temperature
15 - 38 ℃
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Symbolism

Scientific Classification of Missouri foxtail cactus

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pests

Common Pests & Diseases About Missouri foxtail cactus

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Common issues for Missouri foxtail cactus based on 10 million real cases
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Stem blotch
Stem blotch is a fungal infection that leads to spots and lesions on the stem of Missouri foxtail cactus, potentially causing tissue damage and plant weakness.
Learn More About the Stem blotch more
Stem rot
Stem rot Stem rot Stem rot
Bacterial infection can cause the stems to become soft and rotten.
Solutions: If the plant is only infected a little, it can sometimes be saved. This mainly applies to houseplants that are grown in pots. Here's what to do. Remove the plant from the pot and gently shake off as much soil as possible. Using pruning tools that have been disinfected, remove any diseased foliage and roots. Be sure the new pot has good drainage holes and wash it with one part bleach and nine parts water to ensure that it is completely clean and sanitized. Dip the plant's roots in fungicide to kill off any remaining fungal spores before potting into the clean growing medium. Only water the plant when the top inch of the soil is dry and never let the plant sit in water. For plants that are grown in the ground, it's best just to remove the infected plants and destroy them. Do not plant in the same spot until the soil has been allowed to dry out and has been treated with a fungicide.
Learn More About the Stem rot more
Wilting after blooming
Wilting after blooming Wilting after blooming Wilting after blooming
Flowers may wither for a variety of reasons.
Solutions: Check the soil or potting medium. Coarse textures can allow water to drain too rapidly, preventing the plant from taking up enough. If the soil and roots seem very dry, add sphagnum moss or other mediums that hold water. Water according to recommendations for each plant's species. Low humidity can be corrected by misting the plant regularly or placing it near a humidifier. Keeping it near other plants helps, too. Keep the environment consistent in terms of temperature, humidity, and lighting. Keep it away from vents, heaters, and air conditioners, and avoid moving it to locations where it will experience a temperature shock. Hot, dry heat, and cold drafts are problematic for many plants. Especially if the plant is outside, it could be experiencing heat or light stress. Try moving it to a shadier location.
Learn More About the Wilting after blooming more
Low light
Low light Low light Low light
A lack of sunlight will cause the stems and leaves to elongate and appear lighter in color.
Solutions: Low light can only be addressed by increasing light availability, and these measures will only stop further etoliation; current distortion cannot be reversed. Move plant to a position where it receives more light. Check the requirements for specific species, as too much sunlight can cause a plant to burn. Introduce appropriate artificial lighting. Some people choose to prune the longest stems so the plant can concentrate on healthy new growth under the improved lighting.
Learn More About the Low light more
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Stem blotch
Overview
Symptom
Causes
Treatment
Prevention
Active Period
What is Stem blotch Disease on Missouri foxtail cactus?
What is Stem blotch Disease on Missouri foxtail cactus?
Stem blotch is a fungal infection that leads to spots and lesions on the stem of Missouri foxtail cactus, potentially causing tissue damage and plant weakness.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Stem blotch in Missouri foxtail cactus manifests as discolored spots on stems, which can coalesce, leading to larger lesions and possible stem rot.
What Causes Stem blotch Disease on Missouri foxtail cactus?
What Causes Stem blotch Disease on Missouri foxtail cactus?
1
Fungal Pathogens
Specific fungi, often from genera like Phoma or Alternaria, cause stem blotch disease.
How to Treat Stem blotch Disease on Missouri foxtail cactus?
How to Treat Stem blotch Disease on Missouri foxtail cactus?
1
Non pesticide
Sanitation: Remove and destroy infected plant parts to reduce disease spread.

Improved Airflow: Increase spacing between plants to improve air circulation and reduce humidity.
2
Pesticide
Fungicide Application: Apply appropriate fungicides that target the specific fungi causing stem blotch.
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Stem rot
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Stem rot
Bacterial infection can cause the stems to become soft and rotten.
Overview
Overview
Stem rot is a serious disease and can affect many different types of plants. it can be particularly prevalent when the temperature of the soil is over 16 ℃ and there's a lot of moisture in the soil. This could be from unusually heavy rainfalls or too much irrigation. Once stem rot sets in, it's very difficult to get rid of the disease and most affected plants will have to be discarded. This is especially the case for vegetables, herbs, and other herbaceous plants that have soft stems. This is why it's important to ensure that the soil used for growing these plants is well-drained and that overwatering is avoided. Using good cultural practices also help in curbing these types of fungal diseases.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Plants that have been affected by stem rot will first display a yellowing of the lower leaves. This is followed by obvious wilting and stunted growth.
If the stem of the affected plant is examined closely, there will be some dark discolorations starting near the base and moving upward. If the roots of affected plants are examined, they will appear dark and mushy instead of white and healthy-looking. Eventually, the entire plant will wilt and die.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Stem rot is caused by a variety of soil-borne fungus pathogens. The type of fungus depends on the species of plant that is affected. Two fungi responsible for stem rot are Rhizoctonia and Fusarium. These fungal pathogens live in soil and migrate to the plant when conditions are optimum. This includes warm, humid weather and excessive soil moisture. Commonly, vegetable seedlings are affected by these fungi.
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is another fungus that causes stem rot in plants. This fungus has a host range of over 350 different species of plants. Plants most susceptible to this fungus include many vegetable varieties such as cucumbers, beans, cilantro, carrots, cabbage, melons, lettuce, peas, onions, tomatoes, pumpkins, and squash. This fungus can produce different symptoms in different species. In some cases, the fungus causes irregular spots on stems and other plant material that appear water-soaked. On other plant species, the fungus appears as dry lesions that grow and girdle the stem of the plant.
The third type of fungus that causes stem rot is Phytophthora capsici. Plants that belong to the cucumber family are most susceptible to this fungal infection. This fungus manifests as water-soaked lesions on the stems that then turn brown and girdle the stem.
All of these fungal pathogens are transmitted to the plant by water splashing from the soil up onto the plant. That's because the fungal spores live in the soil where they wait for the right conditions to infect the plants.
Solutions
Solutions
If the plant is only infected a little, it can sometimes be saved. This mainly applies to houseplants that are grown in pots. Here's what to do.
  1. Remove the plant from the pot and gently shake off as much soil as possible.
  2. Using pruning tools that have been disinfected, remove any diseased foliage and roots.
  3. Be sure the new pot has good drainage holes and wash it with one part bleach and nine parts water to ensure that it is completely clean and sanitized.
  4. Dip the plant's roots in fungicide to kill off any remaining fungal spores before potting into the clean growing medium.
  5. Only water the plant when the top inch of the soil is dry and never let the plant sit in water.
For plants that are grown in the ground, it's best just to remove the infected plants and destroy them. Do not plant in the same spot until the soil has been allowed to dry out and has been treated with a fungicide.
Prevention
Prevention
For outdoor gardens:
  1. Raking the garden thoroughly in the springtime will help to cut down on pathogens that may be living in the soil.
  2. Using a copper fungicide on plants in the springtime will cut down on fungal growth and prevent the spread of infection.
  3. Placing a heavy layer of mulch on top of the soil will also prevent pathogens from splashing up onto the stems of plants.
  4. Place plants at the recommended spacing to encourage better air flow between them.
  5. Water plants at the base instead of overhead to prevent excessive moisture on foliage.
For indoor plants:
  1. Avoid overwatering houseplants and ensure the roots do not sit in water.
  2. Make sure that indoor plants receive adequate air circulation and light.
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Wilting after blooming
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Wilting after blooming
Flowers may wither for a variety of reasons.
Overview
Overview
Wilting after blooming is sometimes a natural aging process of the flower, while other times it may indicate a problem. Orchids, for example, can bloom for anywhere from two weeks to three months, so wilting after a few days signals a problem for most varieties. This can happen to virtually any ornamental flowering plant, but those with shallow roots and limited tolerance for drought, full sun, and low humidity are more susceptible.
This is a common problem, and often has an easy fix. Sometimes, however, it is the result of more serious causes such as pests or disease of the root system.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
  • At first, flowers may look a little limp.
  • Petals may start to appear dried out and turn brown.
  • Eventually they may drop off the plant all together.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Wilting blooms can be a sign of an unhealthy root system. Any condition that prevents the plant from absorbing enough water and nutrition can result in wilting blooms and sometimes other symptoms. If the plant doesn’t have enough water, it cannot maintain appropriate pressure within stems, leaves, and blooms, causing them to wilt.
This can result from physical damage – for example from root breakage during re-potting or attack by insects like cutworms. If you recently re-potted your plant, physical damage to the roots is a likely cause. If you see insects, they may be eating leaves, roots, or flowers. Fungal infections can also cause root rot and damage, preventing water and nutrient uptake.
Finally, wilting blooms can result simply from age. If no other symptoms are visible, it may simply signal the natural end of the flower’s lifespan. If it seems premature, this may be caused by environmental factors: water, humidity, light, or stress. Under-watering is a common cause. Similarly, plants adapted to high humidity dry out easily when humidity is low, like during winter or in dry climates. Too much light can also stress plants that need shade, causing blooms to wilt.
Solutions
Solutions
  • Check the soil or potting medium. Coarse textures can allow water to drain too rapidly, preventing the plant from taking up enough. If the soil and roots seem very dry, add sphagnum moss or other mediums that hold water.
  • Water according to recommendations for each plant's species.
  • Low humidity can be corrected by misting the plant regularly or placing it near a humidifier. Keeping it near other plants helps, too.
  • Keep the environment consistent in terms of temperature, humidity, and lighting. Keep it away from vents, heaters, and air conditioners, and avoid moving it to locations where it will experience a temperature shock. Hot, dry heat, and cold drafts are problematic for many plants.
  • Especially if the plant is outside, it could be experiencing heat or light stress. Try moving it to a shadier location.
Prevention
Prevention
  • Read up on moisture, light, and soil type preferences for each plant to avoid underwatering, incorrect light levels, or other conditions that can cause wilting blooms.
  • Avoid re-potting during the flowering period. This causes additional stress on the plants because they need to repair root damage and adapt to the new micro-environment, all of which can result in wilting.
  • One other potential cause is ethylene gas, a plant hormone related to ripening. Some fruits and vegetables emit ethylene, especially bananas. Apples, grapes, melons, avocados, and potatoes can also give it off, so keep flowering plants away from fresh produce.
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Low light
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Low light
A lack of sunlight will cause the stems and leaves to elongate and appear lighter in color.
Overview
Overview
All plants require light, and if they do not receive it in the quantities that they require this distorts their growth in a process known as etiolation. In essence, etiolated plants are diverting all of their energy to growing taller in a desperate attempt to reach a position where they can meet their light requirements. Many other growth factors are harmed by this, and so light-deprived plants can become weak and distorted until they are almost unrecognizable. Low light symptoms are most commonly seen in houseplants, but outdoor specimens can also be affected.
Symptom Analysis
Symptom Analysis
Although symptoms will vary in different plants, the general symptoms of low light are easy to spot.
  1. Plant stems grow tall and lanky.
  2. There are less leaves, and both leaves and stems tend to be pale and insipid looking. This is due to a shortage of chlorophyll.
  3. All plant parts become weakened and may droop, as energy is diverted toward too-fast growth as the plant stretches itself toward any source of light.
Disease Cause
Disease Cause
Plants need sunlight in varying amounts for photosynthesis – a process that produces energy for growth and fruit and flower production. Low light causes a plant to divert all energy to upward (apical) growth in order to find better light. Plant hormones called auxins are transported from the actively-growing tip of the plant downwards, to suppress lateral growth. A drop in cellular pH triggers expansins, nonenzymatic cell wall proteins, to loosen cell walls and allow them to elongate. This elongation results in the abnormal lengthening of stems, especially internodes, or plant "legginess" which is observed in etoliated plants.
Solutions
Solutions
Low light can only be addressed by increasing light availability, and these measures will only stop further etoliation; current distortion cannot be reversed.
  • Move plant to a position where it receives more light. Check the requirements for specific species, as too much sunlight can cause a plant to burn.
  • Introduce appropriate artificial lighting.
  • Some people choose to prune the longest stems so the plant can concentrate on healthy new growth under the improved lighting.
Prevention
Prevention
To avoid etiolation, provide an adequate amount of light from the beginning.
  1. Choose a location that matches each plant's ideal light needs. Many indoor plants do best in or near a south-facing window, which will provide the longest hours of sunlight. Flowering plants and those with colored leaves typically need more light than purely-green plants, as photosynthesis occurs in the green portions of leaves.
  2. Select plants with light needs that match a location's conditions. Some cultivars and varieties require less light than others.
  3. Use a grow light. Darker locations may require artificial illumination. A grow light may also become more necessary during winter, when sunlit hours are at their shortest.
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distribution

Distribution of Missouri foxtail cactus

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Habitat of Missouri foxtail cactus

Grassland, desert, forest
Northern Hemisphere
South Hemisphere

Distribution Map of Missouri foxtail cactus

distribution map
Native
Cultivated
Invasive
Potentially invasive
Exotic
No species reported
care_scenes

More Info on Missouri Foxtail Cactus Growth and Care

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Basic Care Guide
Common Pests & Diseases
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Stem blotch
Stem blotch is a fungal infection that leads to spots and lesions on the stem of Missouri foxtail cactus, potentially causing tissue damage and plant weakness.
 detail
Dark blotch
Dark blotch is a fungal disease primarily affecting Missouri foxtail cactus, causing discoloration and weakened tissues. The disease can significantly affect the health and aesthetics of the plant, potentially leading to severe damage if untreated.
 detail
Etiolated stem
Etiolated Stem is a severe condition that affects Missouri foxtail cactus, causing thin, elongated stems and paler coloration due to inadequate sunlight. It stifles growth and can affect overall plant's health if unaddressed. This disease is non-infectious and can be prevented with proper environmental conditions.
 detail
Scars
Scars is a cosmetic, non-infectious disease affecting Missouri foxtail cactus. It's caused by physical damage, resulting in blemishes on Missouri foxtail cactus's surface. Although not pathogenic, scars may hinder photosynthesis and affect overall health of the plant.
 detail
Mushrooms
Mushrooms, a term often associated with fungal infections in plants, can lead to disease in Missouri foxtail cactus. Symptoms include discolored stem growths and a weakened structure, potentially threatening the plant's survival if left untreated.
 detail
Scale insect
Scale insects can cause significant damage to the Missouri foxtail cactus, leading to weakened growth and potential death if untreated. The disease primarily manifests through the attachment of these pests to the cactus.
 detail
Whole plant withering
Whole plant withering, a serious condition affecting Missouri foxtail cactus, results in the rapid decline and potential death of the cactus. Key indicators include wilting, discoloration, and plant death.
 detail
Stem yellowing
Stem yellowing is a disease that leads to discoloration and potential weakening of Missouri foxtail cactus's stems. The disease impairs plant vigor and may lead to death if untreated.
 detail
Soil fungus
Soil fungus is a disease that impacts Missouri foxtail cactus, causing symptoms like wilting and discoloration. It may severely affect plant vigor and survival, necessitating timely and effective management strategies.
 detail
Stem blackening
Stem blackening is a plant disease that significantly affects Missouri foxtail cactus, causing its stem to become discolored and potentially lethal if left untreated. It is mainly caused by fungal pathogens and poor cultural practices.
 detail
Stem rot
Stem rot in Missouri foxtail cactus is a severe disease causing stem decay, wilt, and potential plant death. It emerges primarily due to fungal infection, aggravated by poor growing conditions.
 detail
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Lighting
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Indoor
Indoor
Outdoor
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Requirements
Full sun
Ideal
Above 6 hours sunlight
Watch how sunlight gracefully moves through your garden, and choose spots that provide the perfect balance of light and shade for your plants, ensuring their happiness.
Essentials
Missouri foxtail cactus craves unfiltered, intense solar exposure throughout the day for optimal health, hailing from habitats with abundant sunlight. At various stages of growth, it still needs these light conditions. Excessive light doesn't harm it, but lack of adequate sun exposure can cause poor development and growth.
Preferred
Tolerable
Unsuitable
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Artificial lighting
Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
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Indoor plants require adequate lighting for optimal growth. When natural sunlight is insufficient, particularly in winter or in less sunny spaces, artificial lights offer a vital solution, promoting faster, healthier growth.
1. Choose the right type of artificial light: LED lights are a popular choice for indoor plant lighting because they can be customized to provide the specific wavelengths of light that your plants need.
Full sun plants need 30-50W/sq ft of artificial light, partial sun plants need 20-30W/sq ft, and full shade plants need 10-20W/sq ft.
2. Determine the appropriate distance: Place the light source 12-36 inches above the plant to mimic natural sunlight.
3. Determine the duration: Mimic the length of natural daylight hours for your plant species. most plants need 8-12 hours of light per day.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Insufficient Light in %s
Missouri foxtail cactus is a beloved choice for indoor gardening, and they require strong light to thrive. However, when placed in rooms with suboptimal lighting, they may develop symptoms of light deficiency.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Small leaves
New leaves may grow smaller in size compared to the previous ones once they have matured.
Leggy or sparse growth
The spaces between leaves or stems of your Missouri foxtail cactus may become longer, resulting in a thin and stretched-out appearance. This can make the plant look sparse and weak, and it may easily break or lean due to its own weight.
Faster leaf drop
When plants are exposed to low light conditions, they tend to shed older leaves early to conserve resources. Within a limited time, these resources can be utilized to grow new leaves until the plant's energy reserves are depleted.
Slower or no new growth
Missouri foxtail cactus enters a survival mode when light conditions are poor, which leads to a halt in leaf production. As a result, the plant's growth becomes delayed or stops altogether.
Lighter-colored new leaves
Insufficient sunlight can cause leaves to develop irregular color patterns or appear pale. This indicates a lack of chlorophyll and essential nutrients.
Solutions
1. To ensure optimal growth, gradually move plants to a sunnier location each week, until they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Use a south-facing window and keep curtains open during the day for maximum sunlight exposure and nutrient accumulation.2. To provide additional light for your plant, consider using artificial light if it's large or not easily movable. Keep a desk or ceiling lamp on for at least 8 hours daily, or invest in professional plant grow lights for ample light.
Symptoms of Excessive light in %s
Missouri foxtail cactus require strong light to thrive, and some are remarkably resilient to sun exposure, rarely suffering from sunburn.
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(Symptom details and solutions)
Chlorosis
Chlorosis is a condition where the plant's leaves lose their green color and turn yellow. This is due to the breakdown of chlorophyll from excessive sunlight, which negatively affects the plant's ability to photosynthesize.
Sunscald
Sunscald occurs when the plant's leaves or stems are damaged by intense sunlight exposure. It appears as pale, bleached, or necrotic areas on the plant tissue and can reduce the plant's overall health.
Leaf Curling
Leaf curling is a symptom where leaves curl or twist under extreme sunlight conditions. This is a defense mechanism used by the plant to reduce its surface area exposed to sunlight, minimizing water loss and damage.
Wilting
Wilting occurs when a plant loses turgor pressure and its leaves and stems begin to droop. Overexposure to sunlight can cause wilting by increasing the plant's water loss through transpiration, making it difficult for the plant to maintain adequate hydration.
Leaf Scorching
Leaf scorching is a symptom characterized by the appearance of brown, dry, and crispy edges or patches on leaves due to excessive sunlight. This can lead to a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and overall plant health.
Solutions
1. Move your plant to the optimal position where it can receive abundant sunlight but also have some shade. An east-facing window is an ideal choice as the morning sunlight is gentler. This way, your plant can enjoy ample sunlight while reducing the risk of sunburn.2. It is recommended to trim off any completely dehydrated or withered parts of the plant.
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Temperature
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Outdoor
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Requirements
Ideal
Tolerable
Unsuitable
Just like people, each plant has its own preferences. Learn about your plants' temperature needs and create a comforting environment for them to flourish. As you care for your plants, your bond with them will deepen. Trust your intuition as you learn about their temperature needs, celebrating the journey you share. Lovingly monitor the temperature around your plants and adjust their environment as needed. A thermometer can be your ally in this heartfelt endeavor. Be patient and gentle with yourself as you explore your plants' temperature needs. Cherish your successes, learn from challenges, and nurture your garden with love, creating a haven that reflects the warmth of your care.
Essentials
Missouri foxtail cactus is native to temperate areas where the temperature ranges from 59 to 100 °F (15 to 38 ℃). It thrives in these conditions and may need adjustment for extreme heat or cold. Stay aware of the seasonal changes to adjust accordingly.
Regional wintering strategies
Missouri foxtail cactus is a heat-loving plant that gradually stops growing and enters a dormant state during the winter. When the outdoor temperature drops below {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}, it should be moved indoors for cultivation. Choose a location near a south-facing window to provide as much sunlight as possible. If there is insufficient natural light, supplemental lighting can be used. When the temperature falls below {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}, the plant's growth slows down, and watering should be reduced or stopped to prevent root rot. For Missouri foxtail cactus grown outdoors, watering should be completely halted during low temperatures. If feasible, you can set up a temporary greenhouse for insulation or use materials such as plastic film or fabric to wrap the plant during cold temperatures.
Important Symptoms
Symptoms of Low Temperature in Missouri foxtail cactus
Missouri foxtail cactus thrives in high temperatures and is not tolerant of low temperatures. It grows best when the temperature is above {Suitable_growth_temperature_min}. During winter, it should be kept above {Tolerable_growing_temperature_min}. When the temperature falls below {Limit_growth_temperature}, the plant may become weak, wilt, and be prone to root rot. In cases of mild frost damage, there may not be any initial symptoms, but after a week, the plant will gradually wither.
Solutions
Trim off the frostbitten areas, paying attention to whether the roots have rotted. If the roots have rotted, they need to be cut off, and the plant can be propagated through cuttings. Immediately move indoors to a warm environment and place the plant near a south-facing window to ensure ample sunlight. If there is insufficient light, you can use supplemental lighting.
Symptoms of High Temperature in Missouri foxtail cactus
During summer, Missouri foxtail cactus should be kept below {Suitable_growth_temperature_max}. When the temperature exceeds {Tolerable_growing_temperature_max}, the plant's growth will cease, it will experience water loss, wilting, and becomes more susceptible to sunburn.
Solutions
Remove the sunburned and rotten parts. Shield the plant from afternoon sunlight until it recovers and starts growing again. For plants with root rot, stop watering until new roots begin to emerge.
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